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1. Joy :Pya

SINGLE SIX-YEAR TERM FOR PRESIDENT

HEARING

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON
CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS

1

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

UNITED STATES SENATE
NINETY-SECOND CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

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TO AMEND THE CONSTITUTION BY PROVIDING A SINGLE,

SIX-YEAR TERM FOR PRESIDENT

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COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

JAMES O. EASTLAND, Mississippi, Chairman JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas

ROMAN L. HRUSKA, Nebraska SAM J. ERVIN, JR., North Carolina

HIRAM L. FONG, Hawaii PHILIP A. HART, Michigan

HUGH SCOTT, Pennsylvania EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts STROM THURMOND, South Carolina BIRCH BAYH, Indiana

MARLOW W. COOK, Kentucky QUENTIN N. BURDICK, North Dakota CHARLES MCC. MATHIAS, JR., Maryland ROBERT C. BYRD, West Virginia

EDWARD J. GURNEY, Florida JOHN V. TUNNEY, California

SUBCOMMITTEE ON CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS

BIRCH BAYH, Indiana, Chairman
JAMES 0. EASTLAND, Mississippi HIRAM L. FONG, Hawaii
SAM J. ERVIN, JR., North Carolina

ROMAN L. HRUSKA, Nebraska
ROBERT C. BYRD, West Virginia

STROM THURMOND, South Carolina QUENTIN N. BURDICK, North Dakota MARLOW W. COOK, Kentucky JOHN V. TUNNEY, California

EDWARD J. GURNEY, Florida

(II)

CONTENTS

Page

1

OCTOBER 28, 1971

Mansfield, Hon Mike, U.S. Senator from the State of Montana ------

Aiken, Hon. George D., U.S. Senator from the State of Vermont..

Clifford, Mr. Clark M., former Secretary of Defense, now in private practice

in Washington, D.C-----------

Reedy, Mr. George E., Jr., former Press Secretary to President Johnson,

now a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars_-
Hagerty, Mr. James, former Press Secretary to President Eisenhower, now

Vice President, American Broadcasting Co----

OCTOBER 29, 1971

Califano, Mr. Joseph, former Special Assistant to President Johnson, now

in private practice in Washington, D.C------

Tugwell, Mr. Rexford G., former advisor to President Roosevelt, now asso-

ciated with the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions, Santa

Barbara. Calif-------

Corcoran, Mr. Thomas, former advisor to President Roosevelt, now practic-

ing law---------

Burns, Mr. James MacGregor, professor of political science, at Williams

College, biographer of President Roosevelt ----

WITNESSES ALPHABETICALLY

Aiken, Hon. George D., U.S. Senator from the State of Vermont..

Burns, Mr. James MacGregor, professor of political science at Williams

College, biographer of President Roosevelt-----

Califano, Mr. Joseph, former Special Assistant to President Johnson, now

in private practice in Washington, D.C---

Clifford, Mr. Clark M., former Secretary of Defense, now in private practice

in Washington, D.C---

Corcoran, Mr. Thomas, former adviser to President Roosevelt, now practic-

ing law------
Hagerty, Mr. James, former Press Secretary to President Eisenhower, now

Vice President, American Broadcasting Co-----
Mansfield, Hon. Mike, U.S. Senator from the State of Montana------
Reedy, Mr. George E., Jr., former Press Secretary to President Johnson,

now a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.-
Tugwell, Mr. Rexford G., former adviser to President Roosevelt, now asso-

ciated with the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions, Santa
Barbara, Calif---

STATEMENTS SUBMITTED FOR THE RECORD

Chamberlain, Hon. Charles E., U.S. Representative from the State of

Michigan --------

Cronin, Mr. Thomas E., Research Political Scientist, The Brookings Insti-

tution, Washington, D.C-------

Schlesinger, Mr. Arthur, Jr., professor history, the City University of New

York --------------------

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(III)

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ADDITIONAL MATERIAL

Senate Joint Resolution 77-----

Library of Congress research materials:

The Presidential Term : Debate in the Constitutional Convention ----

Proposed Amendments to the Constitution Relative to Tenure of

the President--------

Table of Proposed Constitutional Amendments Advocating an Execu-

tive Term of 6 Years.----

A Single Presidential Term of Six Years: Arguments Pro and Con.--

The Presidential (Term: A Selected Bibliography-----

Statements of various Presidents of the United States with reference

to the presidential term.

O'Donnell, Kenneth, "LBJ and the Kennedys,” Life Magazine, August 7,

1970 ------

Johnson, Lyndon Baines, excerpt from The Vantage Point, relating to the

6-year term of the President-------

Prescott, Arthur Taylor, excerpts from Drafting the Federal Constitution,

1941 --------

The Federalist, Nos. 71, 72-----

Commager, Henry Steele, "Only Two Terms for a President?" New York

Times, April 27, 1947-------

Congressional Digest, “The Powers of the President of the United States,"

January, 1947---

House Report 885, 62nd Cong., 2d Sess. (1912) (to accompany H.J.

Res. 325)-------

Rossiter, Clinton, The American Presidency, “The Firing, Retiring, and

Rehiring of Presidents,” 1960_---

Koenig, Louis William, excerpts from The Chief Executive relating to pre-

sidential tenure-----

Neustadt, Richard E., excerpts from Presidential Power---

Lyndon Johnson Talks Politics," a television interview with former Presi-

dent Lyndon Johnson by Walter Cronkite, January 27, 1972.

"Johnson Disputes the Theory that He Was Misled by Aides." New York

Times, January 28, 1972-----

Hagerty, James C., "A Vote for 2-Term Accountability," New York Times,

January 3, 1972_------

Valenti, Jack, "A Term-and-a-Half for President." New York Times, De-

cember 15, 1971.-

Means, Marianne, “6-Year Presidency?” The Boston Sunday Advertiser,

November 21, 1971.-

"A Six-Year President,” The New Republic, November 20, 1971.-

How Long in White House?” editorial, Today (Cocoa, Florida), Novem-

ber 11, 1971.----

Large, Arlen J., "Electoral Politics v. Persuasion Politics." The Wall

Street Journal, October 28, 1971.----

Hempstone, Smith, "A Single Six-Year Term for Our Presidents?" The

Washington Evening Star, November 24, 1971.--

White, William S., “6-Year President Biggest U.S. Need" The Washington

Post, January 11, 1971.-----

Childs, Marquis, “Talk of One-Term Presidency Gains.” The Washington

Post, March 26, 1971.------

Bartlett, Charles, "Reflections on Two-Term Limit.” The Washington

Evening Star, January 2, 1964_-----

Bartlett, Charles, “Long Presidential Tenure Appeals.” The Washington

Evening Star, July 16, 1968__

“A Single Six-Year Term for President is Advocated," New York Times,

December 8, 1968_-
“Presidential Term of Six Years Urged,” The Washington Post, July 12,

1968

"Should Our Presidents Be Limited to a Single Six-Year Term ?" The

Advocates, a televised debate, December 21, 1971.---

The Nation Responds to the Advocates--Results of Nationwide Opinion

Poll

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Valenti, Jack D., “The Case for a Six-Year Presidency." Saturday Review,

August 3, 1968---
Comments of Senators Mansfield and Aiken upon introduction of proposal

to limit presidential tenure, Congressional Recodr, January 17, 1969----
Tugwell, Rexford G., A Proposed New Constitution ----
Belair, Felix Jr., "Constitution Builder: Rexford Guy Tugwell”--
Tugwell, Rexford G., “More Power to the President-Adams, Jefferson,

Lincoln and Nixon All Suffer Critism.”-------------
St. John, Jeffrey, "A Document for Dictatorship.”--
Hempstone, Smith, “Six Years for President?" Minneapolis Tribune, No-

vember 28, 1971.--------
Broder, David S., "Group Works on New U.S. Constitution.” The Washing-

ton Post, September 8, 1970----
Excerpts from A Single Six-Year Term for President, compiled by Edith
M. Phelps :

Bibliography ---------
Eaton, Dorman: "The Perils of Reelecting Presidents"----
New Republic: "Our Evolving Executive”, April 1, 1925..
Low, A. Maurice: "The Third Term"----
Catt, Carrie, "Longer (and Calmer) Terms"--
Harper's Weekly, “Comment”, May 11, 1912_
Harper's Weekly, "Comment”, February 8, 1913---
Harper's Weekly, "What Might Have Been”, May 25, 1912
Nation, “Proposed Constitutional Amendment and Ex-Presidents.

March 20, 1913-------
Wilson, Woodrow, “Presidential Term"-----
Borah, William, “Presidential Term"---
Lodge, Henry Cabot, “Presidential Term”.

Rogers, Lindsay and J. W. Rixey Smith, “How to Save the President"

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