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threw them down-a few in the Fort, the balance of the twenty-second of February, 1864, with the scattered from the top of the hill to the water's Eighty-fourth Illinois, Colonel Waters, Seventyedge.
fifth Illinois, Colonel Bennett, Thirty-sixth In. We captured one hundred and sixty-four Fed- diana, Lieutenant-Colonel Carey, Thirtieth Inerals, seventy-three negro troops and about forty diana, Lieutenant-Colonel Hind, Eightieth Illinegro women and children, and after removing nois, Lieutenant-Colonel Kilgour, and Twentyevery thing of value, as far as able to do so, the Fourth Ohio, Lieutenant-Colonel Cockerill, with warehouses, tents, etc., were destroyed by fire. battery H, Fourth U. S. artillery, Lieutenant
Among our severely wounded is Lieutenant- Heilman; effective force, officers and men, inColonel Wiley M. Reid, assigned temporarily to cluding battery, one thousand seven hundred and the command of the Fifth Mississippi regiment, ninety-six. who fell, severely wounded, while leading his My brigade having the advance, and the Thir. regiment. When carried from the field he was ty-sixth Indiana marching in front, we marched supposed to be mortally wounded, but hopes are toward Red Clay, or “ Council-Ground," on the entertained of his ultimate recovery. He is a Georgia State-line, a distance of eight miles ; arbrave and gallant officer, a courteous gentleman, rived there at half-past twelve P.M. I was there and a consistent Christian minister.
ordered by the General commanding the diviI cannot compliment too highly the conduct sion, to move on the road toward Dalton, and, if of Colonels Bell and McCullock and the officers possible, find the enemy. I advanced three miles and men of their brigades, which composed the to Wade's farm, and found the enemy's pickets, forces of Brigadier-General Chalmers. They drove them, and directed Captain Van Antwerp, fought with courage and intrepidity, and, with with his company of Fourth Michigan cavalry, to out bayonets, assaulted and carried one of the pursue them, which he did promptly, one and a strongest fortifications in the country.
half miles. Upon the cavalry rejoining the bri. On the fifteenth, at Brownsville, I received gade, we returned to Red Clay and rested for the orders which rendered it necessary to send Gen- night. eral Chalmers, in command of his own division February 23d. Marched with the division via and Bell's brigade, southward. Hence, I have | Dr. Lee's house twelve miles, to near Catoosa no official report from him, but will, as soon as Springs, Georgia, to make a junction with Fourit can be obtained, forward a complete list of our teenth corps ; arrived there about nine o'clock P.m. killed and wounded, which has been ordered to February 24th. Marched back east to Dr. Lee's be made out and forwarded at the earliest pos- house, with division. I was here directed to sible moment.
move south-east toward Dalton, crossing the ridge In closing my report I desire to acknowledge three miles north of the place known as Tunnel the prompt and energetic action of Brigadier- Hill, with my infantry and one section of artilGeneral Chalmers, commanding the forces around lery, the latter under command of Lieutenant Fort Pillow. His faithful execution of all move- Stansbury. I passed the first and second ridges ments necessary to the successful accomplish- to a road running south on the eastern base of ment of the objects of the expedition, entitles the latter, along the road to Neil's farm, six him to special mention. He has reason to be miles from Dalton. At this point I made a juncproud of the conduct of, the officers and men of tion with Colonel Long, in command of six hunhis command, for their gallantry and courage in dred cavalry. He was in position, and skirmishassaulting and carrying the enemy's works, with: ing with the enemy. He had left Charleston, out the assistance of artillery or bayonets. Tennessee, passed around on Spring-Place road,
To my staff, as heretofore, my acknowledg- thence west by Varnell's Station to the position ments are due, for their prompt and faithful de- at which I found him. Neil's farm is six miles livery of all orders.
north-west of Dalton, and three miles north of I am, Colonel, very respectfully, your obedient the Chattanooga and Dalton Railroad. We both servant,
N. B. FORREST, advanced on the wagon-road south, toward GlaMajor-General Commanding. ze's house, at the railroad. The ridge to our
right at this place, (Neil's house,) soon changes
to south-east, and continues that direction until Doc. 140.
it passes beyond Davis's house, at the western
base of the ridge, at which point the road crosses OPERATIONS AROUND DALTON, GA. to the west side of the ridge. Five hundred yards COLONEL GROSE'S REPORT,
beyond, and south-east from the passage of the
road over a ridge, a gorge separates the ridge, FIRST DIVISION, FOURTH ARMY CORPS,
through which a creek flows to the west, south BLUE SPRINGS, Tens., February 29, 1864. I lof which the ridge bears to the west of south one Major W. H. Sinclair, A.A.G. First Division: and a fourth miles to the railroad, at a point three
SIR: I have the honor to report the part taken miles north of west from Dalton, and at a point by this brigade in the recent seven days before one and a half miles east of the gorge through Dalton.
Rocky-Face Ridge, or Buzzard's Roost, forming I was ordered by the Division Commander, and a valley east of Rocky Face Ridge about one and marched to take part in the reconnoissance to a half miles wide, running from Davis's house vard the enemy from this place, on the morning south to the railroad a like distance. We stead.
HEADQUARTERS THIRD BRIGADE,
ily advanced, Colonel Long taking the lead; drove more than started before the skirmishers became the enemy from all the ridge north of the creek. closely engaged in all the woodland covering the Upon entering the valley, Colonel Long's com- ridge. The advance was steady and rapid, clearmand passed to the right, along the base of the ing the enemy from the ridge as we went. When ridge, to the west. The Eighty-fourth and Sev- my lines had reached the creek at the gorge, and enty-fifth Illinois infantry were moved forward beyond Davis's house in the valley, the skirmish. in the valley on the left of the cavalry, covering ers well advanced beyond, a staff-officer rode up the slope of the eastern ridge with skirmishers, and informed me that General Palmer desired me thrown forward and to the left to cover the ridge to have halted on the ridge. I immediately haltand flank of the line. The Twenty-fourth Ohio ed where we were. We remained in this posiwas thrown forward in rear of the cavalry to sup- tion during the afternoon, having heavy skirmishport them. In this form we pressed the enemy ing and artillery practice in the mean time, the to within three hundred yards of the railroad, enemy occupying the ridge and valley south of the command of Colonel Long driving the rebel the creek that I had possession of the day before. infantry out of their camps immediately at the With ten thousand more men on our left, Dalton, road. We continued in this position, skirmish- no doubt, would have fallen an easy prey to our ing in front, for some time, when lines of the en-arms. At night, the object of the reconnoissance emy's infantry commenced an advance upon us. being ended, we were ordered, and, with the diA few well-directed rounds from the section of vision, retired to Dr. Lee's farm, on the west of artillery, with the aid of a heavy skirmish-line, the Tunnel Hill range of ridges, and three miles brought them to a halt and put them under cov- north of that place. er. It was now near night, and learning from February 26th. At about nine o'clock A.M., I prisoners that Stewart's rebel division was in our moved my command south-east one mile, on to front, and Stevenson's near by, and not know the ridge two miles north of the Tunnel, threw ing that it was possible to have any assistance out some skirmishers on the eastern slope, met during the night, at dusk I withdrew the forces, some rebel cavalry that were attempting to fol. leaving the cavalry and Eightieth Illinois infantry low us, and drove them out of sight and hearing. at Neil's farm, and retired the residue to widow In the evening, moved down south-west into the Burk's house, reported the facts, and rested for valley at Israel's house; rested until nine o'clock the night.
P.M. Was ordered and marched westward to the February 25th. At early day Brigadier-General Stone Church, near Catoosa Platform, and rested Cruft, division commander, promptly came up the balance of the night. with the other two brigades, and by his orders February 27th. Started at twelve o'clock u., all moved forward to Neil's farm, the enemy hav- and marched to Ewing's farm, north nine miles, ing reoccupied the ridge where the road passes and camped for the night. over toward Davis's house, and for near a mile to February 28th. Marched at seven o'clock a.m. the north. Our lines were soon formed, my bri- Arrived in camp at this place at twelve o'clock m. gade on the ridge to the right, covering the sum- Command in good condition. mit and extending well over the western slope; I can with pleasure refer to the prompt and the Thirtieth Indiana, Seventy-fifth and Eightieth willing coöperation and obedience of the officers Illinois in the front line, from right to left, in the and men of my command during this short camorder I have named them ; the Eighty-fourth paign, and I regard myself as truly fortunate, in Illinois, Twenty-fourth Ohio, and Thirty-sixth being surrounded by first-class officers, both of Indiana in the second line. The Second brigade, infantry and artillery, and braver soldiers never Colonel Champion, formed on my left, Colonel went upon a battle-field. Long's cavalry extending his left, the other bri- My staff-officers and non-commissioned staff gade, Colonel Dickerman, in reserve. It was now have alike my kindest regards for their efficient about nine A.M. Major-General Palmer appeared aid and assistance during the dangers and faon the field, and wished to see me. I reported tigues. to him in front on the skirmish-line. After con- The following shows the casualties of the brisultation, the General informed me that we would gade while on the reconnoissance : not advance until General Baird's division should Colonel J. E. Bennett, Seventy-fifth Illinois. arrive in the valley to my right. About eleven Wounded, one commissioned officer, six enlisted o'clock all was ready and I sounded the forward, men; missing, one commissioned officer; total, and the whole line moved off in splendid order. two commissioned officers, six enlisted men; agI rode with Colonel Bennett, Seventy-fifth Illi- gregate, eight. nois, whose battalion was the battalion of direc- Lieutenant-Colonel W. M. Kilgour, Eightieth tion. Was upon the summit of the ridge, with Illinois.—Wounded, four enlisted men, total, good opportunities to observe well the movements four enlisted men ; aggregate, four. and grandeur of the scene, to the right and left Colonel L. H. Waters, Eighty-fourth Illinois.of the long blue lines moving to battle. A more Wounded, three enlisted men; total, three en. grand sight my eye has never beheld. The di- listed men; aggregate, three. rection was left oblique, to keep the bearing of Lieutenant-Colonel 0. D. Hurd, Thirtieth In. the ridge, my artillery following the lines closely, diana.- Missing, three enlisted men; total, three and bearing past at every halt. We had not enlisted men; aggregate, three.
Lieutenant-Colonel 0. H. P. Casey, Thirty- the west into the Tennessee River. I immedisixth Indiana.—Killed, one enlistedman; wound-ately went forward in advance of the troops, to ed, two enlisted men; total, three enlisted men; make observations and learn the position, and aggregate, three.
found the enemy's pickets on the east bank and Lieutenant-Colonel T. M. Cockerill, Twenty-ours on the west, within thirty paces of each fourth Ohio.-Wounded, twelve enlisted men ;/ other, enjoying a friendship which was soon total, twelve enlisted men ; aggregate, twelve. after broken and turned into wrath upon the
Lieutenant William H. Hulman, battery H, approach of my forces. Fourth artillery.-Wounded, one enlisted man; I discovered soon that the reek was more total, one enlisted man; aggregate, one.
swollen than was expected, and the only means Total.-Killed, one enlisted man; wounded, of passage was to repair a place in the centre of one commissioned officer, twenty-eight enlisted the bridge, of about fifteen feet, which was strongmen ; missing, one commissioned officer, three ly covered by the enemy from their rifle-pits on enlisted men; total, two commissioned officers, the opposite side and from the railroad embankthirty-two enlisted men; aggregate, thirty-four. ment, which gave them complete protection. I
My sincere condolence and high appreciation ordered up the Eighty-fourth Illinois, supported of the merits of these braves attend them. by the Seventy-fifth Illinois. The former, in line
Major Watson, Seventy-fifth Illinois, wounded with proper skirmishers, advanced through a by a falling tree-effects of artillery firing-de-bayou or pond, in some places up to their waists, serves notice as a noble officer. Hope he may drove the enemy under cover, and soon occupied soon recover.
the west bank of the creek ; and Captain ChamFor more detailed accounts, I refer to the ac- bers, of the Thirty-sixth Indiana, with a detail, companying reports of the regimental and battery was sent forward to do the work, but it was commanders. Exhibit A, herewith, gives the to- found impracticable without too great a loss. In pography of the ground in the vicinity of the the mean time Captain Bacon, with the Twentycontest. All of which is respectfully submitted. fourth Ohio, had moved upon the left of the two
I have the honor to be, Major, your humble Illinois regiments, and was briskly skirmishing servant,
W. Grose, with the enemy along the creek. General Hook-
ticability of the crossing, and desired to see me.
On reporting to the General, he directed me to Doc. 141.
take the other four regiments not thus in posi
tion and proceed to the creek a mile above and BATTLE OF MISSION RIDGE.* to the right, where General Woods's brigade, of COLONEL GROSE'S REPORT.
General Osterhaus's division, was constructing a
pole-bridge, which was nearly completed. When
Woods there. He had some skirmishers over Lieutenant J. A. Wright, A.A.A.G.:
the creek and a regiment ready to follow, and as Sir: In accordance with duty, I have the honor
soon as that regiment passed over, the General to report the part my brigade took in the recent battles before Chattanooga. On the twenty-third cro
crossed over the four regiments, and prolonged of November ultimo, under orders, and the com
the line of battle on his right. I formed in doumand of Brigadier-General Cruft, I marched from
ble lines, the Thirty-sixth Indiana and Fifty-ninth this place with part of my command, Eighty
Illinois in front line, the right of my lines con
necting with the left of the brigade of General Colonel Suman: Seventy-fifth 'Illinois, Colonel / Whittaker and of General Geary, still to my Bennett: Thirty-sixth Indiana, Major 'Trusler: right, who had advanced from a crossing still Fifty-ninth Illinois, Major Hale; Twenty-fourth farther to the right and higher up the creek. The Ohio, Captain Bacon. Effective force, officers
line was thus formed, obliquely up the slope of and men, one thousand six hundred and ninety
the mountain, and the grand forward move was three. We marched that day to Lookout Valley soon in motion, moving forward as fast as the and reported to Major-General Hooker, where we
men and officers could climb, (for all were on foot,) rested for the night, and were ready to move at
sweeping every thing before them, over rebel daylight on the morning of the twenty-fourth, at
camps and rebel rifle-pits. As the lines advanwhich time I was ordered with my command to
ced so that the left of General Wood's brigade the front, and informed that General Hooker de neared the position of the Eighty-fourth and Sevsired to see me in person. I repaired to his quar
enty-fifth Illinois, flanking the rifle-pits of the ters, and received instructions to move with my
enemy defending the crossing, the enemy were command and drive the enemy from and effect a
and drive the enemy from and effect so surprised at the “Yankee trick” that most of crossing of Lookout Creek at a destroyed bridge,
them threw down their arms and surrendered. near the railroad crossing over that creek, which
ne over that creek whic These two regiments immediately crossed under courses along the base of Lookout Mountain on
command of General Cruft, and extended the
main line of battle on the left, covering and adSee Document 18, ante.
vancing on the main Chattanooga road over the
point of the mountain slope. These two regi- my had evacuated Chattanooga Valley. These ments of Colonels Waters and Bennet, the latter facts being reported, the whole force, under Genin front, with the whole line, only halted when eral Hooker, moved about ten o'clock A.M., toimperative orders were received to “pursue toward Rossville, situated at the base of Missionthe crest of Lookout Slope only, and no farther,"ary Ridge, five miles distant from Chattanooga, until farther orders. The Eighty-fourth and at which place the La Fayette road passes through Seventy-fifth Illinois had already been gallantly a gorge in the ridge. Having to rebuild the depressed forward four or five hundred yards in stroyed bridge over Chattanooga Creek, it was advance of the crest, and beyond and to the left after two o'clock p.M. before our advance, General of the White House, and sufficiently far to uncover Osterhaus's division, reached the rebel lines the mouth of Chattanooga Creek and allow troops strongly posted in the gorge. The attack was
ss from the city to our rear. My other re- soon made, however, and the advance division giments were in the line rather above and to the forced the passage, routed the enemy and moved right of the White House, but fully covering the forward through the gorge. As my advance applateau of ground on which it is situated. proached the passage in the ridge, General Cruft
There were two regiments of the troops on my directed me to move up the point of the ridge to right that were immediately under the high ledge the left and at right angles with the road. As of rocks at the top of the mountain that were far- we assumed the point of the ridge, a brisk fire ther advanced than the centre of the line. I was was opened from the summit upon some cavalry greatly annoyed with overtures to relieve these escort in our front. They soon found other quartwo regiments with regiments from my command, ters and gave way for our infantry. The Ninth and before nightfall, I sent the Fifty-ninth Illi- Indiana, Colonel Suman, was in advance, and, nois and Ninth Indiana to relieve them, making seemingly by intuition, came into line with skirnow four regiments of mine in the front line, two mishers in front, supported by the Fifty-ninth on the extreme left and two on the right and far Illinois, Major Hale, in double-quick, on the left, in the advance of all other regiments. At the point the Eighty-fourth Illinois and Thirty-sixth Indi. now occupied by these two regiments there was ana in the second line, the Seventy-fifth Illinois constant firing kept up on both sides, and about and Twenty-fourth Ohio forming the third line. eight o'clock P.M., Colonel Suman and Major Hale, By the time the rear lines were formed, the adcommanding those two regiments on the right, vance line had charged and driven the enemy from reported their ammunition exhausted, when the two lines of barricades, visiting the enemy with Thirty-sixth Indiana and Twenty-fourth Ohio severe punishment, killing and wounding a large were sent to relieve them, who held the position number and taking all the balance prisoners until about midnight, when the firing ceased on that were behind the barricades. Two regiments both sides, the enemy evidently having retired of General Whittaker's brigade soon came up from our front, and, as afterward appeared, from on the left of my second and third lines on the top of the mountain, but not until these two the slope of the ridge, General Geary's divi. latter regiments had also exhausted their ammu- sion advancing still further to the left in the valnition. Thus all my regiments had been in the ley; at the same time General Osterhaus's divifront line during this engagement. The ground sion was advancing to the east side of the ridge in front of the centre of the line, in and about the to my right. White House, I believe, was the common stock We continued the advance, meeting and driving of the skirmishers of all the commands engaged, more of the enemy northward on the ridge. At the and at the house they found in park two pieces same time heavy firing was going on a couple of of the enemy's artillery, (with the limbers,) which miles to our front. As we approached, it seemed was not in use upon our advance. Early the to be advancing toward us, which turned out to next morning, the enemy having entirely left the be General Johnson's division, Fourteenth corps, mountain, the Stars and Stripes waved upon the driving the enemy south on the ridge. When his point of rocks on the summit of this grand old lines and ours approached within eight hundred mountain. This was the conclusive evidence to or nine hundred yards of each other, the enemy's observers for many miles around that one of the forces, between us, threw down their arms, and grandest feats of the war had been performed by firing and destruction of life ceased ; and it apour soldiers in successfully storming this strong-peared to me that we had more prisoners between hold, and taking most of the enemy, that were than we had men in our own lines. Here we there posted, prisoners. Our advancing lines disposed of prisoners, cared for the wounded, completely enfiladed most of the enemy's works, buried the dead, and rested for the night. Colwhich were poorly adapted to the defence of the onel Suman and Major Hale, with their regiments, position.
deserve favorable mention for daring and gallant Early on the morning of the twenty-fifth No- conduct on this occasion. vember, the Eighty-fourth and Seventy-fifth Illi- On the morning of the twenty-sixth, our forces nois were advanced on the left to make a recon- moved on the Ringgold road in pursuit of the noissance, and captured some rebel guards, camps, routed enemy. Two divisions of Fourteenth baggage, and several boxes of arms, near the road corps, under Major-General Palmer, had the adfrom Chattanooga up the mountain to Summer vance, followed by General Osterhaus's division; Town, and found that the main force of the ene- then came the two brigades of our division, fol