Imágenes de páginas

Doc. 136.

leaves a wife and three children. He is spoken

of by all as having been an excellent soldier and AFFAIR AT CHARLESTON, ILL. a good citizen. William G. Hart, Deputy Provost

Marshal, was shot in several places--in the head CHARLESTON "PLAIN-DEALER" ACCOUNT.

and vitals—his wounds are probably mortal. CHARLESTON, Ill., March 28-9 p.m. James Goodrich, company C, Fifty-fourth IlliThis afternoon a dreadful affair took place in nois, received a shocking wound-being shot in our town, the most shocking in its details that the bowels. His wound, we fear, will prove morhas ever occurred in our part of the State. Early | tal. in the morning, squads of copperheads came in Unarmed as our boys were, Colonel Mitchell town from various directions, and, as the sequel soon rallied all he could, citizens and soldiers, will show, armed and determined upon summary and improvising such arms as could be had, gathvengeance upon our soldiers. During the day, ered at the south-west corner of the square, as premonitions of the coming trouble were too evi- the copperheads retreated down the street rundent. Some of the soldiers, about to return to ning east therefrom. Despatches were sent to their regiments, were somewhat excited by liquor, Mattoon for soldiers, and three hundred were and consequently rather boisterous, but not bel- soon on the way. The copperheads halted someligerent-were more disposed for fun than fight. where near Mrs. Dickson's, and remained for About four o'clock, a soldier, Oliver Sallee, step-some time, then turned and went off. Beyond ped up to Nelson Wells, who has been regarded as J. H. O'Hair's residence they gathered together, the leader of the copperheads in this county, and consulted for a time, then moved off in a northplacing his hand good-naturedly against him, erly direction, cutting the telegraph wire as they playfully asked him if there were any butternuts went unfortunately before a despatch could be in town? Wells replied, “Yes, I ain one!" and sent to Dr. York's family, at Paris, giving notice drawing his revolver, shot at Sallee, but missed of his assassination. him. In an instant Sallee was shot from another About five o'clock the reënforcements from direction, and fell; but raising himself up, he Mattoon arrived, and while in the Court-House fired at Wells, the ball taking effect in his vitals. yard, Mr. John Cooper, from Saulsbury, was capHe (Wells) went as far as Chambers & McCrory's tured and brought in as a prisoner, by Mr. W. H. store, and, passing in, fell dead.

Noe and a soldier. Mr. Cooper had taken an acThe copperheads were gathered behind Judge tive part in the affray. When in front of JenEdwards's office, loading their firearms, and then kins's store he attempted to escape, and when would step out and fire from the corner at the commanded to halt refused to do so, whereupon soldiers indiscriminately, with guns and revolv- Mr. Noe fired over Cooper's head, who, in return, ers. Of course, having come fully prepared, they fired at some of our men, when orders were given had vastly the advantage over the soldiers, who to fire upon him, which was done, and he fell were not expecting such an attack, and were, for dead at Jenkins's door. Unfortunately, one of the most part, unarmed. Those who were armed the balls passed through the closed door and would hardly know at whom to fire until they struck Mr. John Jenkins in the groin, producing were fired upon. The copperheads were seen to a serious, and probably mortal wound. Mr. Coophurry to their wagons, hitched at the square, and er was shot through the neck and shoulder. gather therefrom several guns, which were con- When the copperheads were halted near Mrs. cealed under the straw. They were freely used, Dickson's, he was heard to say, that as they now and with terrible effect. Thomas Jeffries was had no leader, he was ready to lead them back the next to fall, receiving an ugly wound in the and kill the d-d soldiers and burn the town, or neck. William Gilman was shot by B. F. Dukes, die in the attempt; and at various places he was the ball striking a rib on his left side and glanc- heard to threaten to cut out the hearts of the ing off. Dukes was then seen to fire at Colonel “d-d Abolitionists,” and use kindred expresMitchell, and afterward declared that he had sions. killed him. Colonel Mitchell received several How many there were of the copperheads we shots through his clothes; one hit his watch and do not know, nor can we estimate the number, glanced off, producing only a slight flesh-wound save by the size of the squads that retreated in upon his abdomen. The watch thus providen- several directions. We think there may have tially saved his life. Dr. York, surgeon of the been from one hundred to one hundred and fifty, Fifty-fourth Illinois, while passing through the and all mounted. Who their leaders were we do Court-House, was approached by some one from not know, precisely. J. H. O'Hair, Sheriff of this behind, who took deliberato aim and shot him county, was seen to fire three tinies at the soldead-the pistol being held so close to him that diers. John Frazier, while sitting on his horse, the powder burned his coat! So far as we could was seen to deliberately fire five times at them learn, Dr. York was not actively engaged in the and then leave. Others of less prominence were affray, save in his professional capacity as sur- equally warlike. geon, and in trying to restore order. A soldier, Immediately after the soldiers arrived, squads, Alfred Swim, of company G, Fifty-fourth Illinois, mounted upon all the horses that could be found, was shot, and taken to Drs. Allen & Van Meter's were started out in every direction in pursuitoffice, where he soon died. Mr. Swim lived some- Colonel Brooks in charge of one, Lieutenant Hor. where near Casey, in Clark County, where he ner another, etc. Up to this writing, nine P.m,

some twelve prisoners have been captured, and have purchased or chartered steamers preparathe pursuit still kept up after more.

tory to the exportation of cotton which they now Of the gang were two men from Edgar County, have on hand as the property of the States, to on one of whom was an oath of allegiance, taken place funds abroad with which to purchase supby him at Paris, recently. He boasted that he plies, to be returned upon the vessels to confedwas the man who shot Dr. York; that he came erate ports for State use. At this point they refor that purpose.

gret to say that they are met by an order from We herewith present the following list of kill. the Secretary of the Treasury, under the authored and wounded :

ity of the President, which prohibits the CustomKilled.-Major York, Surgeon Fifty-fourth Illi- House officer from granting clearance to vessels nois; Alfred Swim, company C, Fifty-fourth; owned or chartered by the States with State carNelson Wells, copperhead; John Cooper, copper- goes, some of which are now aboard, unless they head.

will consent to allow the confederate governWounded.- Colonel Mitchell, Fifty-fourth Illi- ment to use one half the storage-room of their nois, slightly; James Goodrich, company C, Fif- vessels upon terms which would cause actual ty-fourth, severely; Oliver Sallee, Fifty-fourth, loss to the States. Surrounded by all the emseverely; John Neer, company G, Fifty-fourth, barrassments with which they have to contend, slightly; William Decker, company G, Fifty- they cannot consent to this, and believing, as fourth, slightly; George Ross, company C, Fifty- they do, that the order has grown out of an er. fourth, slightly; Thomas Jeffries, Brooks's regi- roneous construction of the late act of Congress, ment, severely; William G. Hart, soldier, se- which, as they understood it, exempts the States verely; John Jenkins, citizen, severely ; Wil- from all the restrictions thrown around exportaliam Gilman, citizen, severely ; John Trimble, tions and importations made by private individuslightly; Sanford Royes, slightly.

als or companies; and feeling assured that those Several of the copperheads were severely who represent the sovereign States and people wounded, but were taken off in wagons.

would fail to carry out the views or wishes of

the people, or governments of their respective Tuesday Morning, 11.30 A.M.

States, if they should attempt by any law or reg. Messrs. Jenkins, Hart, and Goodrich are dead, having died at five, half-past ten, and half-past

ulation to prohibit the States from the exporta

tion of their own productions upon their own eleven o'clock, respectively, this morning, mak

vessels, or such as they may charter for that ing a total of seven killed.

purpose, and the importation of such supplies Colonel Brooks's squad, going up through the

as they need, the undersigned appeal with conO'Hair settlement, recaptured Levi Freisner, and

fidence to Congress to remove said restrictions, also the guard of butternuts placed over him, six

and enact such laws as shall secure to all vessels or eight in all.

in the service of the States speedy clearances

upon application to the Custom-House officers at Doc. 137.

the ports from which the vessels are expected to

go to sea. REBEL COMMERCE.

While the undersigned are aware of the imMEMORIAL OF FOUR GOVERNORS.

portance of exportations and importations by

the confederate government, and would gladly To the Senate and House of Representatives, in facilitate its operations in every proper way, they Congress assembled :

are of the opinion it is better that each govThe undersigned, Governors of their respect- ernment should conduct its own business and ive States, beg leave, respectfully, to invite the affairs for itself. attention of Congress to the fact that the States But independently of this view of the case, of the Confederacy have great need of many ar- they can not yield their assent to the doctrine ticles for State use which can only be obtained that the confederate government has any right by importation. And the Legislatures of several to impose any such restrictions upon the States, of the States have made appropriations for the or compel them to submit to any such terms. purpose of exporting cotton and other produc- When in their power to assist the confederate tions, and importing necessary articles for the government with State vessels, they will do so use of the States, including clothing, shoes, with great pleasure, but they will not consent to blankets, and other articles indispensably neces. do this under compulsion. sary to the comfort of their troops in confeder. They deny that the provision in the Constituate service, who frequently suffer from want of tion which authorizes Congress to regulate comnecessary articles, which it is not, at the time, in merce “among the several States" confers the the power of the confederate government to power to destroy the commerce of States, or to furnish. These exportations and importations detain State vessels till they consent to relinquish are to be made by the Governors of the States, half their storage-room to the confederate gov. under the authority of the Legislatures, at the ernment. If Congress has the power to place risk and expense of the States, upon vessels this restriction upon the commerce and vessels purchased or chartered for that purpose.

of the States, it may claim for the Confederacy The Governors of several of the States, in the three fourths or nine tenths of the room, or may execution of the acts of their State Legislatures, deny the right of the State to clear a vessel upon

any terms. The power to regulate commerce that she could not go out until she had complied does not include the power to destroy it, or to with the regulation. put any such restrictions upon it.

C. G. MEMMINGER, The undersigned beg leave, further, to submit

Secretary of Treasury. to the consideration of Congress the question of the propriety of allowing the State to export pro EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, MILLEDGEVILLE, May 21, 1864. duce and import supplies necessary for State Your telegram of the tenth did not reach me use, free of export and import duties, as the im- till yesterday. The act of Congress to which portations are made for the public use and in you refer, which prohibits the exportation of cotfurtherance of our cause.

ton and other productionsexcept under such In considering this question, it is hoped Con- uniform regulations as shall be made by the gress will not fail to take into account the fact President, has in it this express proviso, “that that the Legislatures of part, if not all, the nothing in this act shall be construed to prohibit States, have passed laws exempting cotton and the confederate States or any of them from exother property belonging to the confederate gov-porting any of the articles herein enumerated ernment, within the limits of the State, from all on their own account." The three hundred State tax; and they submit, whether, upon prin- bales of cotton upon the Little Ada belong to ciples of reciprocity and comity, apart from the the State of Georgia, and I propose to export it want of constitutional power in Congress to tax on State account to pay for blankets for Georgia State property, it is not the duty of Congress to soldiers, and if any surplus, to apply it to the exempt State property, including exportations purchase of cotton-cards for the people of the and importations by the States, from all confed-State, under an act of the Legislature. erate taxation. The undersigned beg leave to I deny your right to repeal the act of Congress add that it is not their intention to import ar- by your order, or to refuse clearance to the State ticles of luxury, or indeed, any articles not under any just rule of construction which you necessary for the public use, and for the comfort can apply to the plain proviso in the act of Conof the troops from their respective States, in gress. I therefore, again demand clearance as a military service.

right, not as a favor, and waiving for the present April, 1864.

the question of your right to ask it of the State, J. E. Brown, Governor of Georgia.

offer to pay export duties. CHARLES CLARK, Governor of Mississippi.

Joseph E. Brown.
T. H. Watts, Governor of Alabama.

T. B. VANCE, Governor of North-Carolina.

Secretary of the Treasury, Richmond, Va.


Governor Joseph E. Brown : EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, MILLEDGEVILLE, May 9, 1864. Your telegram of the twenty-first instant is I have purchased thirty thousand soldiers' received. Clearance cannot be given except in blankets for the State of Georgia, now in the conformity with the regulations of the President. Islands, and have to send out cotton to pay for

C. G. MEMMINGER, them. The steamer Little Ada, chartered by the

Secretary of the Treasury. State, has been loaded for three weeks with about three hundred bales of cotton ready for sea. She lies thirty miles from Charleston. I

Doc. 138. ask clearance for her to go out now, while we have dark nights. She is detained at heavy ex SECRET REBEL CIRCULAR. pense to the State. I solicit an early reply. JOSEPH E. BROWN.


HUNTSVILLE, ALA., Tuesday, April 19, 1864. Richmond. 1 I have to-day come in possession of a secret

circular, issued in Charleston five months before

RICHMOND, May 10, 1864. the firing on Sumter. The document is genuine. His Excellency Governor Brown :

It is signed by one of the wealthiest and ablest Your telegram of the ninth to the President lawyers of South-Carolina, and the copy which in relation to steamer Ada, has been referred to I inclose to the Tribune was addressed to one this department. On the twelfth of April a tel. of the most prominent and influential citizens egram was sent you, stating that the act of Con- of Alabama-a Huntsville rebel whom General gress, imposing restrictions on export of cotton, Logan ordered south of our lines. required that the regulations of trade should be It should be borne in mind that this circular uniform.

was issued before the meeting of the Congress Therefore the requirement that one half of the of 1861-62-before the introduction of the Critcargo of every outward-bound vessel should be tenden resolutions-before the Peace Congress. for account of the confederate States, cannot be Yet now, after nearly three years of unparalleled relinquished as an exception in your favor. war, you find incompetent officers and unworthy

April twenty-seventh, Mr. Lamar applied for citizens proposing these same “ disclaimers and - a clearance for the steamer, and was informed overlures."


outer works, and by the time I reached the field, CHARLESTON, Nov. 10, 1860.

at ten o'clock, A.M., had forced the enemy to In September last several gentlemen of

their main fortifications, situated on the bluff or Charleston met to confer in reference to the po

bank of the Mississippi River, at the mouth of sition of the South in the event of the accession of Mr. Lincoln and the Republican party to The fort is an earthwork, crescent-shaped: is power. This informal meeting was the origin leicht fast in

eight feet in height and four feet across the top, of the organization known in this community as

surrounded by a ditch six feet deep and twelve “ The 1860 Association."

feet in width; walls sloping to the ditch, but The objects of the Association are:

perpendicular inside; it was garrisoned by 1. To conduct a correspondence with leading

with leading four hundred troops, with six pieces of field-armen in the South, and, by an interchange of

tillery. A deep ravine surrounds the Fort, and information and views, prepare the slave States

from the Fort to the ravine the ground descends to meet the impending crisis.

rapidly. 2. To prepare, print, and distribute in the Assuming command. I ordered General Chal. slave States tracts, pamphlets, etc., designed to mers to advance his line, and gain position on awaken them to a conviction of their danger, I the slope, when our men would be perfectly proand to urge the necessity of resisting Northern tected from the heavy fire of artillery and musand Federal aggression.

ketry, as the enemy could not depress their 3. To inquire into the defences of the State,

te pieces so as to rake the slope, nor could they and to collect and arrange information which

fire on them with small arms, except by mountmay aid the Legislature to establish promptly ling the breastworks and exposing themselves to an effective military organization.

the fire of our sharp-shooters, who, under cover To effect these objects, a brief and simple con

pie con- of stumps and logs, forced them to keep down stitution was adopted, creating a President, a linside the works. Secretary and Treasurer, and an Executive Com-|

After several hours' hard fighting, the desired mittee, specially charged with conducting the position was gained, not, however, without conbusiness of the Association. One hundred and

red and siderable loss. Our main line was now within sixty-six thousand pamphlets have been pub

an average distance of one hundred yards from lished, and demands for further supplies are re.

the Fort, and extended from Coal Creek, on the ceived from every quarter. The Association is right, to the bluff or bank of the Mississippi now passing several of them through a second River, on the left. and third edition.

| During the entire morning the gunboat kept The Conventions in several of the Southern

up a continuous fire in all directions, but withStates will soon be elected. The North is pre

out effect, and, being confident of my ability to paring to soothe and conciliate the South by dis- take the Fort by assault, and desiring to prevent claimers and overtures. The success of this further loss of life I sent

further loss of life, I sent, under flag of truce, a policy would be disastrous to the cause of South-demo

demand for the unconditional surrender of the ern union and independence, and it is necessary

garrison, a copy of which is hereto appended, to resist and defeat it. The Association is pre

marked No. 1, to which I received a reply, paring pamphlets with this special object. Funds

marked No. 2. are necessary to enable it to act promptly. “The The gunboat had ceased firing, but the smoke 1860 Association" is laboring for the South, and of three other boats ascending the river was in asks your aid.

view, the foremost boat apparently crowded with I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

troops, and believing the request for an hour ROBERT N. GOURDIN,

was to gain time for reenforcements to arrive, Chairman of the Executive Committee.

and that the desire to consult the officers of the

gunboat was a pretext by which they desired Doc. 139.

improperly to communicate with her, I at once

sent the reply, copy of which is numbered 3, THE FORT PILLOW MASSACRE. directing Captain Goodwin, Assistant AdjutantREPORT OF GENERAL FORREST.*

General of Brigadier-General Chaliners, to reHEADQUARTERS FORREST'S CAVALRY DEPARTMEN

main until he received a reply, or until the expirJackson, TENX., April 26, 1864.

ation of the time proposed. COLONEL: I have the honor respectfully to for- | My dispositions had all been made, and my ward you the following report of my engagement troops were in a position that would enable me with the enemy on the twelfth instant, at Fort to take the Fort with less loss than to have withPillow :

drawn under fire, and it seemed to me so perMy command consisted of McCullock's bri- fectly apparent to the garrison that such was the gade of Chalmers's division, and Bell's brigade case, that I deemed their surrender without furof Buford's division, both placed, for the expedi-ther bloodshed a certainty. tion, under command of Brigadier-General James After some little delay, seeing a message de A. Chalmers, who, by a forced march, drove in livered to Captain Goodwin, I rode up myself to the enemy's pickets, gained possession of the where the notes were received and delivered.

The answer was handed me, written in pencil, • See Document 1, page 1, anto.

on a slip of paper without envelope, and was, as

well as I remember, in these words: “Negotia- almost decimated garrison. Fortunately for those tions will not attain the desired object.” As the who survived this short but desperate struggle, officers who were in charge of the Federal flag some of our men cut off the halyards, and the of truce had expressed a doubt as to my pre- United States flag floating from a tall mast in the sence, and had pronounced the demand a trick, centre of the Fort, came down; the forces stationed I handed them back a note, saying: “I am Gen- in the rear of the fort could see the flag, but eral Forrest. Go back and say to Major Booth were too far under the bluff to see the Fort, and that I demand an answer in plain, unmistakable when the flag descended they ceased firing; but English: Will he fight or surrender ?" Return- for this, so near were they to the enemy, that ing to my original position, before the expiration few, if any, would have survived unhurt another of twenty minutes I received a reply, copy of volley. As it was, many rushed into the river which is marked No. 4.

and were drowned, and the actual loss of life While these negotiations were pending, the will, perhaps, never be known, as there were steamers from below were rapidly approaching quite a number of refugee citizens in the Fort, the Fort; the foremost was the Olive Branch, many of whom were drowned and several killed whose position and movements indicated her in- in the retreat from the Fort. tention to land. A few shots fired into her In less than twenty minutes from the time the caused her to leave the shore and make for the bugles sounded the charge, firing had ceased, and opposite ono. Other boats passed up on the bar the work was done. side of the river; the third one turned back. | One of the Parrott guns was turned on the gun

The time having expired, I directed Brigadier- boat. She steamed off without replying. She General Chalmers to prepare for the assault. had, as I afterward understood, expended all Bell's brigade occupied the right, with his ex- her ammunition, and was, therefore, powerless in treme right resting on Coal Creek. McCullock's affording the Federal garrison the aid and protecbrigade occupied the left, extending from the tion they doubtless expected of her, when they centre to the river. Three companies of his left retreated toward the river. regiment were placed in an old rifle-pit on the left Details were made, consisting of the captured and almost in the rear of the Fort, which had Federals and negroes in charge of their own of evidently been thrown up for the protection ficers, to collect together and bury their dead, of sharp-shooters or riflemen in supporting the which work continued until dark. water-batteries below. On the right, a portion I also directed Captain Anderson to procure a of Barton's regiment of Bell's brigade, was also skiff and take with him Captain Young, a capunder the bluff and in the rear of the Fort. tured Federal officer, and deliver to Captain Mar

I despatched staff-officers to Colonels Ball and shall, of the gunboat, the message-copy of which McCullock, commanding brigades, to say to them is appended, and numbered 5. that I should watch with interest the conduct of All the boats and skiffs having been taken off the troops ; that Missourians, Mississippians, and by citizens escaping from the Fort during the enTennesseans surrounded the works, and I desired gagement, the message could not be delivered, alto see who would first scathe the Fort. Fear- though every effort was made to induce Capbain ing the gunboat and transport might attempt a Marshall to send his boat ashore by raising a landing, I directed my aid-de-camp, Captain white flag, with which Captain Young walked up Charles W. Anderson, to assume command of and down the river, in vain, signalling her to the three companies on the left and rear of the come in, or send out a boat. She finally moved Fort, and hold the position against any thing that off, and disappeared around the bend above the might come by land or water, but to take no part Fort. in the assault on the Fort.

General Gilmore withdrew his forces from the Every thing being ready, the bugle sounded the Fort before dark, and camped a few miles east of charge, which was made with a yell, and the it. On the morning of the thirteenth, I again works carried, without a perceptible halt in any despatched Captain Anderson to Fort Pillow, for part of the line. As our troops mounted and the purpose of placing, if possible, the Federal poured into the fortifications, the enemy retreat-wounded on board their transports, and report ed toward the river, arms in hand, and firing to me, on his return, the condition of affairs at back, and their colors flying-no doubt expect the river. I respectfully refer you to his report, ing the gunboats to shell us away from the bluff numbered 6. and protect them, until they could be taken off My loss in the engagement was twenty killed or reệnforced.

and sixty wounded. That of the enemy unAs they descended the bank an enfilading and known ; two hundred and twenty-eight were deadly fire was poured into them, by the troops buried on the evening of the battle, and quite & under Captain Anderson on the left, and Barton's number were buried the next day by detail from detachment on the right. Until this fire was the gunboat fleet. We captured six pieces of opened upon them, at a distance varying from artillery, namely, two ten-pounder Parrott guns, thirty to one hundred yards, they were evidently two twelve-pounder howitzers, and two brass ignorant of any force having gained their rear. six-pounder guns, and about three hundred and The regiments which had stormed and carried fifty stand of small-arms. The balance of the the Fort, also poured a destructive fire into the small-arms had been thrown into the river. All rear of the retreating and now panic-stricken and I the small-arms were picked up where the enemy

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