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Colonel Spears on Richmond, which he carried to place last named the command was divided into the rebels and frustrated the design.
different parties, who were to scour the country In a short time the drums beat, and the men as they proceeded toward a common centremarched to an open space on the outside of the Richmond. Every road was to be carefully Fort, formed in two lines about one hundred scouted, that no concealed foes, even in small yards apart, the batteries forming across the end, numbers, should be left behind, so as to concenleaving it three sides of a hollow square, with trate and worry him. the end open toward the river. At eleven o'clock The expedition was a warlike tour, when all the prisoner was brought from the Fort, in a the fun, chickens, turkeys, geese, hogs, corn, wagon carrying a coffin. He was accompanied oats, hay, horses, mules, negroes, graybacks, by a minister. As they neared the place of exe- whether made of flesh or paper, that could be cution, he gazed around, apparently indifferent. had, were to be had. They carried with them The wagon drove into the space and stopped ; but two or three feeds each for their horses, and the minister got out, when the prisoner, though about as many days' rations for the men, the his hands were shackled, jumped over the side General being determined that for once the celenimbly and took his position beside the coffin ; brated order, Subsist on the enemy's country, the sentence was then read, after which the firing should be faithfully executed. party that had accompanied the wagon, walked On Monday, they reached the Virginia Railup and faced the prisoner, about three rods dis- road, and tore up the track in four places, de. tant. He then knelt with the minister in prayer stroying whatever property would render the for a few minutes. An officer then took a white road useless. handkerchief and folded it over his eyes; the At Frederickshall, on the Central Railroad, prisoner then, by his own wish, took off his coat, they came upon a court-martial, peacefully hold. leaving his breast bare save a white shirt. After ing its sessions, and captured a colonel, five capshaking hands with the chaplain and officers, he tains, and two lieutenants. seated himself comfortably on the coffin, and General Lee had passed over the railroad on all withdrew to a short distance. The word was his way to his army but an hour before our men given, “Ready! Aim ! Fire !" and the poor reached it. As they passed through the country wretch threw up his hands, and fell back across in the most good-natured way, questioning as to the coffin. I rode up to see him ; not a move whether any Yanks had been seen there lately, was discernible after the volley; it seemed as if the inhabitants could not believe it was Lincoln's every shot took effect; his shirt was riddled, but cavalry who were paying them a visit. not a stain of blood was to be seen. He was a The negroes generally were delighted, and brave man ; must have been to meet death so many, in the presence of their owners, asked coolly. Pity he had not died in action, that his to be allowed to go along. A large number friends and family might revere his memory! were thus gathered together, who cheerfully
This is evening, and I am writing this on some trudged along with the cavalry, delighted at boxcs of cartridges, by the fire out in the open gaining their freedom. Occasionally Union famiair, and the wind keeps my candle flickering. lies were encountered who gave valuable inforThe transports have come back and landed the mation, and freely offered what they had to eat troops on the other side of the river, and we are and drink. going to-morrow, report says, back to Stevens- Leaving Frederickshall on Monday, they pushburgh, by the way of Port Conway.
ed on for Richmond-a detachment of five hunCHARLES BROOKE, dred men under Colonel Dahlgren keeping well Quartermaster Sergeant, in charge Ordnance Train, Kilpat to the right, in the direction of Louisa Courtrick's Expedition.
House, while General Kilpatrick, with the main
body, moved upon Ashland, both parties scourNEW-YORK “TRIBUNE" ACCOUNT.
ing the country thoroughly, and doing all posWASHINGTON, Saturday, March 5, 1864. sible damage. The much talked of raid by General Kilpatrick As the forces neared Richmond the two main has ended with failure as to the main result in parties began concentrating. Colonel Dahlgren tended to be accomplished, but with success in was to move down to the right of Richmond, decutting the railroads between Lee's army and stroying as much of the James River Canal as Richmond, and the destruction of much property, possible. Then, taking the river road, was to stores, etc., and the actual shelling of Richmond. cross, if possible, and enter the city froin the
Starting on Sunday at three A.m., from camp south side and attempt the deliverance of the with five thousand cavalry, picked from his own prisoners on Belle Isle. and Generals Merritt's and Gregg's divisions, he General Kilpatrick, with the main body, was proceeded to the Rapidan, crossing at Ely's Ford. to attack the city by the Brooks turnpike, simulFrom thence the column marched to Spottsyl- taneously if possible with the other movement. vania Court-House, which place was reached with. It was hoped to reach the city on Monday night out encountering any of the enemy.
or early the following morning, when a partial if. From Spottsylvania Court-House to the end of not a total surprise could be effected. his daring journey he was more or less harassed Two of those fatalities which, more than once by the rebuls, and frequently found that his lines during this war, have snatched success from the had fallen in very unpleasant places. At the very grasp of those who by their valor and daring
have richly deserved the victor's crown, interpos- cheer went up from our men. Riding rapidly ed to prevent the consummation of one of the toward the city, the outer line of works was best-conceived and most brilliant plans of the entered. The rebels therein surrendered, threw whole war.
| down their arms, many of them surrendering Colonel Dahlgren had taken a negro to pilot and others taking to their heels. him to Richmond. His detachment had rapidly A fight then ensued for the next line, but the moved across the country, destroying barns, for- batteries were too much for them, and so, with age and every thing which could possibly be of his battery, General Kilpatrick opened upon service to the enemy. Pushing on so as to reach them and the city. Richmond as soon as possible, Colonel Dahlgren There is no doubt that the men would have discovered that his negro guide had betrayed dashed upon and over any thing that stood in him, and led him toward Goochland instead of to their way, so enthusiastic had they become, but Richmond, and Tuesday midnight found himself General Kilpatrick acted the wiser part, and as miles in just the opposite direction from that the shrill whistle of the locomotive told of the which he wished to take. The negro was prompt- | bringing up of reënforcements from Pickett's ly hanged for his baseness.
brigade, at Bottom's Bridge and vicinity, he reExasperated by this treachery, the men burn- luctantly gave the order to move toward Meed the barns and out-buildings of John A. Sedchanicsville. dons, the rebel Secretary of War, and it is, per- That this was difficult to do, soon became aphaps, fortunate that the gentleman himself was parent. On every road the enemy's pickets connot present. Retracing his steps, Colonel Dahl-fronted them, and a series of manœuvres took gren marched down the river road, destroying place, in which the enemy were found to be on the Dover flour-mills, several flouring establish- the alert at every point. Night coming on, Kilments and saw-mills. His force also did consider-patrick, with his accustomed audacity, halted able injury to the James River Canal, burning and made preparations to camp. He had chosen canal-boats and seriously damaging one or two a place, however, too near a rebel camp, and of locks.
this fact he was reminded by being shelled out They did not reach the immediate vicinity of of his position. So the command groped its way Richmond till afternoon, when every body was on on in the darkness and gloom, fighting when the alert, Kilpatrick having already made his at-pressed too hard, and with the tell-tale whistle tack.
of the locomotive now warning them that troops Colonel Dahlgren's detachment was divided were being hurried back to Bottom's Bridge in into several parties for the accomplishment of the hope of cutting off their retreat. different objects, keeping together, however. One On Monday, General Butler received orders to party attempted to cross the river, but were re- send out a force to meet General Kilpatrick and pulsed. A very sharp fight ensued, and, finding assist him if necessary. This movement was the enemy in superior numbers and confronting part of General Kilpatrick's plan as proposed. them on every road, the force was compelled to Had he known of or even expected a force at fall back.
New-Kent Court-House or at Bottom's Bridge, In attempting to cut their way out, Colonel he would not have then turned away from RichDahlgren and Major Cook of the Second New-mond, but would have treated General Butler's York, with about one hundred and fifty men, got forces to a fight for the same prize. separated from the rest. The other detachments Two thousand infantry under Colonel Dunkin, succeeded in rejoining General Kilpatrick, but Fourth United States colored regiment, eight nothing has been heard of this one. The people hundred cavalry under Colonel Spears, Eleventh on the road and some of the prisoners aver that Pennsylvania cavalry, and Belger's First Rhode a Colonel who had but one leg was captured by Island battery, the whole under command of the rebels. If so, it is feared he must have been Colonel West, were ordered to New-Kent Courtwounded, but strong hopes are entertained that House, there to be governed by circumstances with his usual determination he has cut his way as to further movements. The infantry colored through with at least part of his hundred and troops left on Monday afternoon, and reached fifty men. Meanwhile, General Kilpatrick had New-Kent Court-House about noon the next advanced down the Brooks turnpike from Ash- day, having made an extraordinary night march land, having torn up the rails at that point, de- through rain and mud. stroying the telegraph as he marched. At one The cavalry left Williamsburgh Monday night of the stations, however, the operator succeeded and arrived Tuesday morning. About eight in sending a despatch to Richmond announcing o'clock Tuesday afternoon, Colonel Spears took that the Yankees were coming. He was a prisoner a portion of his cavalry force and proceeded to in less than fifteen minutes, but that short time Tunstall Station, where he destroyed a new put Richmond on the qui vive, and it has since steam saw-mill and its machinery, burned a been ascertained that about a dozen field-pieces freight-car, and twenty thousand feet of lumber. were put in battery and a new intrenchment On Tuesday night, a portion of Kilpatrick's thrown up while awaiting his arrival.
force was discovered, but not knowing whether The troops reached the outer fortifications they were rebels or not, preparations were made early on Tuesday morning, and, as the spires to give them a warm reception. On Wednesday and houses of the city came in view, cheer upon morning, the question was solved, and as the two
columns of cavalry came in on both sides of the
ANOTHER ACCOUNT. colored brigade, drawn up to receive them, the mutual cheers were deafening.
The following letter was written by a member This incident is marked from the fact that of the Fourth Pennsylvania cavalry, who partici. heretofore the army of the Potomac, and par- / pated in the raid: ticularly the cavalry, have entertained a marked
DETACHMENT FOURTI PENNSYLVANIA CAVALE dislike to colored troops. After resting awhile
YORKTOWN, VA., March 5, 1864. they resumed their march down the peninsula. / DEAR CAPTAIN: Before this reaches you, you General Davis, who led, had several men shot by will have read in the newspapers the full account guerillas, and General Kilpatrick and his at- of “Kilpatrick's great raid;" but, notwithstandtendants chased a body, capturing a lieutenant ing all that, I may be able to give you some facts and two men.
and incidents which the newspaper reporters The force picked up on the way one of the es have no knowledge of. caped Richmond prisoners, a Colonel Watson or On the twenty-seventh ultimo a detail of five Watkins, of an Ohio regiment. The troops went hundred men was made from our brigade, prointo camp a few miles from Fort Magruder on portioned as follows: one hundred of the Fourth Thursday night, and yesterday were to move to Pennsylvania cavalry; one hundred Sixteenth Williamsburgh for the purpose of procuring for- Pennsylvania cavalry, and three hundred of the age and rations, and resting the command. First Maine cavalry. We reported to General
This raid has been one of the most daring of Kilpatrick the same day. We bivouacked near the war, and but for the two fatalities mentioned his headquarters, and the next day, a little after would have proved a complete success. The men dark, we started on our expedition with a force of and horses have borne the hard marching re- between three thousand and four thousand men. markably well, the saddles not being removed About three hours, however, before starting, an during the trip, and but little sleep being given advance force of five hundred men was sent ahead to the men.
to clear the ford, and draw the attention of any The men made themselves quite at home with small parties of “rebs" who might be straggling the inhabitants, and the stock of poultry, hogs, around. We crossed Ely's Ford at one o'clock in etc., has somewhat decreased. The people gener- the morning, without opposition, and pushed forally were given to lying, none of them having ward rapidly, passing, in our course, Chancellorsany thing to eat, either for man or horse. Among ville, of historic fame, and at daylight we entered other acquisitions large piles of confederate Spottsylvania Court-House. The numerous campmoney were secured and squandered with a fires around the place indicated that the “ Johnrecklessness befitting their easy acquisition. One nies” were around, but upon our approach they party paid eighty-odd dollars for a supper for had fled precipitately, too much frightened to eight, comprising the best the house afforded. offer any resistance to our advance. On we went,
The ratio with the people was four dollars stopping only at long intervals for a few moments gray backs for one of greenbacks. A large num- rest and refreshment for ourselves and horses. ber of horses also found their way along with We proceeded rapidly, passing through Mount the command, and many a soldier has mementoes Pleasant, Markham, and Childsburgh. Up to of Richmond, gathered inside the fortifications. this time we had followed up the trail of our adOver five hundred prisoners were taken, but vanced five hundred, but at Mount Pleasant we from the nature of the expedition it was impos- diverged from the main road to go to Childsburgh, sible to bring them in.
whilst our advance had taken the road leading The casualties have not yet been ascertained. to Frederickshall, with the understanding that Colonel Dahlgren, Major Cook, and Lieutenant- they were to join us at Hanover Junction. At Colonel Litchfield, with about one hundred and Childsburgh we struck for Beaver Dam Station, fifty men, are missing. The latter is known to on the Virginia Central Railroad. When we had have been wounded.
proceeded about two miles from Childsburgh, we Too much praise cannot be awarded Colonel suddenly came upon a rebel engineer train and Dahlgren, nor too much regret felt at his suppos- captured the whole thing, engineers and all. ed capture. Not fully recovered from the loss of They were going to Fredericksburgh, and had his leg in the charge upon Hagerstown, he volun- much valuable apparatus with them. About teered his services to General Kilpatrick, and was three o'clock P.M., we dashed into Beaver Dam assigned to the most important command in the Station, captured the telegraph apparatus and expedition.
operator, and in less than ten minutes the whole The greatest consternation prevailed in Rich- station, with all its buildings, etc., was in flames. mond during the fighting, as well it might. The We ascertained that a train from the Junction men who have been baffled of their prey-the was due in a few minutes. General Kilpatrick rebel capital— feel that they would have been despatched a party from the First Maine to atgloriously successful if the authorities at Wash-tack it when it came up, but we were a little too ington had permitted General Butler to coöperate late. They saw the smoke and flames of the with them, and keep Pickett's infantry employed burning station and stopped just before the party down the Peninsula.
sent out to attack them came up. The train. guards fired a few shots at our party and then I they reversed motion and rushed back to Hanover Junction. I will say here that it was the Our whole force now succeeded in crossing a Fourth and Sixteenth Pennsylvania cavalry regi. branch of the Pamunkey. Lieutenant Grant, of ments that destroyed the station, our brigade the Fourth Pennsylvania cavalry, was in combeing in advance that day. It was our intention mand of the skirmish-line. Just as they were to go to Hanover Junction and destroy the station in the act of crossing, they discovered a body of also, but for obvious reasons we changed our troops coming toward them. They were dressed course and struck directly for Richmond. in blue, and it was soon discovered that they
I will not take time nor space to describe all were friends. Upon coming up they proved to the incidents along the route; suffice it to say be our advance party; there were only about that we burnt another station on the Fredericks. three hundred left-they were surrounded at burgh and Richmond Railroad. On Tuesday, at Frederickshall, lost all their field-officers, and noon, we passed within the first line of fortifica- about two hundred men, the remainder cutting tions around Richmond. We took up a position their way through. The next day we were renear Old Church, threw out our skirmishers, enforced by three regiments of cavalry and a and opened a brisk artillery fire on them of two “nigger" brigade of infantry, from Williamshours' duration. We lost one officer--a captain burgh; but we were completely worn out, as -killed. We now directed our course toward well as our horses; we needed rest, so the col. White House, but halted for the night at Bidnelumn was headed for Yorktown, which place was la Cross-Roads—threw out our pickets, and in a reached without any note-worthy incident. Our drenching rain, lay down to get a few hours' appearance created the utmost consternation sleep, of which we all stood very much in need; wherever we went: had a thunderbolt fallen in but fate ordained it otherwise. General Kilpat- amongst them, they could not have been more rick had set his heart upon taking Richmond, astonished than to see a Yankee column gallopand for that purpose he detailed Major Taylor ing along with perfect impunity, so near Richwith four hundred men of his (Taylor's) com- mond. mand, consisting of First Maine, Fourth Penn- On the whole, I can't say that I regret the sylvania, and Sixteenth Pennsylvania, who were trip; but if we had known that we were coming to lead the advance, and all the rest were to fol- on this raid we might have made some different low in due time. The preliminaries were all ar- arrangements about clothing and rations. ranged and the enterprise ready to be carried Your sincere friend,
T. W. B. into execution, when we were attacked. This, of course, knocked the project on the head, and it
REBEL REPORTS AND NARRATIVES. had to be abandoned. The night was awful
Richmond, March 1, 1864. dark. The rebs came down upon us with a Yesterday afternoon intelligence reached the yell that made us think of Pandemonium; but city that a heavy column of Yankees had made we soon got our lines formed and advanced upon their appearance in the neighborhood of Frederthem, when they hastily fell back, not, however, ickshall, on the Virginia Central Railroad, fifty until they had killed the Lieutenant-Colonel of the miles from Richmond. The statement was someSixth Michigan, and captured about two hundred what startling, because of the known fact that of the men of that regiment.
the greater portion of the reserve artillery of the We now directed our course in such a manner army of Northern Virginia was quartered at that as to strike the Pamunkey about eight miles point, and without an adequate force for its proabove White House. The next morning it was tection. Later in the afternoon, the report reachascertained that the rebs were following used the city that the whole of the artillery, amountup. About ten o'clock we formed a line of bat-ing to some eighty pieces, bad been captured; but tle. Two squadrons of the First Maine were this, in turn, was contradicted by a statement deployed as skirmishers, the remaining two that the enemy did not go to Frederickshall, squadrons and the Fourth and Sixteenth Penn- but struck the railroad some two miles south of sylvania were drawn up for a charge. In about that point, where they tore up a portion of the ten minutes our skirmishers attacked them, and railroad track. After inflicting this damage on almost immediately after, the devils saw our the road, they left, taking a southerly direction. colors and came down toward us on a charge. We are inclined to think, from all the informa. Captain Cole, of the First Maine, was ordered tion we can gather in relation to the affair, that to meet the charge, which he did in gallant style, this latter statement is, in the main, correct. The completely routing them, and driving them like raid is no doubt intended to interrupt communisheep before him.
cation between General Lee's army and RichIn this charge the rebs lost five killed and mond, but it is hoped that, like Stoneman's raid quite a number wounded and captured. We last spring, it may prove a failure. only sustained a loss of two captured from the Passengers by the Fredericksburgh train, last First Maine.
night, state that the Yankee force consisted of Our advance party of five hundred had not one brigade of cavalry, and several pieces of arformed a junction with us yet, and we began to tillery ; that they crossed at Ely's Ford, on the have some apprehension for their safety.
Rappahannock, and passed through SpottsylvaWe now pushed on for the Pamunkey, about via Court-House about eleven o'clock on Sunday four miles distant—the rebels had gotten all night. they wanted from us, and molested us no further.! A despatch was also received yesterday afternoon from Colonel Mallory, commanding at Char- flouring-mills in the county, among them, the lottesville, that a cavalry force of the enemy were Dover Mill, some twenty-five miles above the threatening that point, and that our troops were city. General Henry A. Wise, who was at the fighting them about three miles from the town. residence of his son-in-law, Mr. Hobson, in GoochLate last night, report stated that they had been land, narrowly escaped capture. He was at Mr. repulsed, and had retired.
Hobson's when the enemy went to Mr. Seddon's The train which left this city yesterday morn- place, and hearing of their presence in the neighing, carried, as a passenger, General R. E. Lee, bood, he put out for Richmond, and arrived here and for a while, those who feed upon rumors had about the middle of the day yesterday. This colit circulated that the train had been captured, umn of the enemy is said to have consisted of and General Lee made prisoner. For this, how- four regiments of cavalry and one battery of arever, there was no foundation, as information had tillery. A report reached the city last night that been received of the safe arrival of the train at a portion of them had crossed James River, whilst Gordonsyille. Some uneasiness was felt in the others were moving in the direction of Richmond early part of the evening, for the safety of the on the Westham plank-road, with the view, it is down passenger-train, due here at seven o'clock, conjectured, of forming a junction with the colbut it was ascertained later in the night that it, umn that was repulsed on the Brook turnpike. too, was safe.
If it be true that any portion of them crossed the
RICHMOND, March 2, 1864. James River-which was doubted at the War The raid of the enemy, so sudden and unexOffice—the design doubtless is, in conjunction pected, has so completely interrupted telegraphic with those approaching on the Westham road, to communication that little is known of the damage attempt the release of the prisoners on Belle Islinflicted by them on the Virginia Central Rail- land. About nightfall, musketry-firing was heard road; but what little we have been able to ascer on the plank-road, supposed to be about five miles tain leads to the belief that the injury to that road distant from the city, and as a body of our troops has been comparatively trifling.
had been sent in that direction, the inference is, After leaving Frederickshall, on Monday even that they had come up with the approaching ening, the force seems to have divided, a portion of emy. Of the result of the firing we had learned them passing through the upper part of Hanover nothing up to the time of writing this article. County to the Fredericksburgh Railroad, which Later. -Since writing the above, some fifteen they are reported to have struck between Taylors prisoners, captured at different points along the ville and Ashland, and the others moving off line of the enemy's routes, have been brought in. through Louisa into Goochland County.
They say that the column of their forces which Early in the day yesterday, nothing could be approached on the Brook road are under General heard from Ashland, on account of the interrup- Kilpatrick, and that the column which went into tion of the telegraph line, and nothing could be Goochland is commanded by General Gregg. The learned of the column of the enemy that struck main body of Kilpatrick's forces crossed the Chickthe railroad at that point, until they appeared on ahominy at Meadow Bridges, late in the afternoon, the Brook turnpike, a few miles from the city. The rear-guard went into camp last night at the This was about ten o'clock A.M. They were gal- junction of the Mechanicsville and Meadow Bridg. lantly met by a detachment of battery-troops, es roads. commanded by Colonel Stevens. After an en- Whilst in Groochland, Gregg's force burned the gagement of some thirty minutes with light field- barn of Hon. J. A. Seddon. It is also reported pieces, they were driven off and retired in the di- that they carried off with them Mrs. Patterson rection of the Meadow Bridges, on the Central Allan, who is under indictment for treason in the road. During the firing, the enemy threw sev- confederate court. This is only rumor, and eral shells at the fine mansion of Hon. James Ly-should be received with allowance. ons, one or two of which, we understand, passed! Kilpatrick's party visited the premises of Mr. through the building, but happily without in- John P. Ballard, about three miles from the city, flicting any material damage. It was reported and stole from his stables a pair of valuable carlast night, that this column had encamped about riage-horses.* five miles from the city, on the Mechanicsville
ANOTHER ACCOUNT. road. In the fight on the Brook road, Colonel
RICHMOND, March 2, 1864. Stevens had one man killed and seven wounded.
Our last notice of the movements of the enemy This force of the enemy is variously estimated at from one thousand to five thousand cavalry, and
closed with their appearance at Frederickshall, on
the Central Railroad, and the approach of another a battery of artillery. The best information we have, leads to the impression that their force at
column toward Charlottesville. The latter, we this point did not exceed one thousand three hun
learn, were met by our cavalry under Colonel
Caskie, and repulsed. At Frederickshall they dred. In the fight, nothing but artillery was
tore up the track for a considerable distance, used.
and, it is trustworthily reported, captured and The column that went into Goochland County | paid a visit to the house of the Hon. James Sed-brought off several of our officers and eight pieces don, Secretary of War. We heard last night. of artillery stationed there, besides doing considthat the damage done by them on his place erable damage by destroying the carriages, and amounted to but little. They burnt two or three
Richmond Dispatch, March 1st and 24.