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should crowd too many badly wounded men in did that again he would arrest him, and he went one ward, I would be likely to get the erysipelas off then. among them, and lose a great many of them. Question. Did they burn any buildings ? By Mr. Gooch:
Answer. Yes, sir. Question. Are the wounds of these men such Question. Was any body burned in the buildas men usually receive in battle?
ings? Answer. The gunshot wounds are; the sabre Answer. I did not see any body burned; I saw cuts are the first I have ever seen in the war yet. them burn the buildings; I was not able to walk They seem to have been shot with the intention about; I staid in a building that night with of hitting the body. There are more body some three or four white men. wounds than in an ordinary battle.
Question. Do you know any thing about their Question. Just as if they were close enough going into the hospital and killing those who to select the part of the body to be hit ?
were there sick in bed ? Answer. Yes, sir. Some of them were shot Answer. We had some three or four of our with pistols by the rebels standing from one foot men there, and some of our men came in and to ten feet of them.
said they had killed two women and two children. The Committee then proceeded to the various wards, and took the testimony of such of the Duncan Harding, (colored,) private, company wounded as were able to bear the examination. A, Sixth United States heavy artillery, sworn
The testimony of the colored men is written and examined. out exactly as given, except that it is rendered By Mr. Gooch: in a grammatical form, instead of the broken Question. Were you in Fort Pillow at the time language some of them used.
it was captured ?
| Answer. Yes, sir; I was a gunner Number Two Mound CITY HOSPITAL, Illinois, April 22, 1864. Elias Falls, (colored,) private, company A, Question. What did you see there? Sixth United States heavy artillery, or First Ala- Answer. I did not see much until next mornbama artillery, sworn and examined.
ing. I was shot in the arm that evening; they By Mr. Gooch :
picked me up and marched me up the hill, and Question. Were you at Fort Pillow when the while they were marching me up the hill they battle took place there, and it was captured by shot me again through the thigh." the rebels ?
Question. Did you see any body else shot after Answer. I was there; I was a cook, and was they had surrendered ? waiting on the captain and major.
Answer. The next morning I saw them shoot Question. What did you see done there ? down one corporal in our company. What did the rebels do after they came into the Question. What was his name? Fort?
Answer. Robert Winston. Answer. They killed all the men after they Question. Did they kill him ? surrendered, until orders were given to stop; Answer. Yes, sir. they killed all they came to, white and black, Question. What were you doing at the time? after they had surrendered.
Answer. I was lying down. Question. The one the same as the other ? Question. What was the corporal doing?
Answer. Yes, sir, till he gave orders to stop Answer. When the gunboats commenced firfiring
ing he was started off with them, but he would Question. Till who gave orders ?
not go fast enough, and they shot him dead. Answer. They told me his name was Forrest. Question. When you were shot the last time,
Question. Did you see any body killed or shot had you any arms in your hands ? there?
Answer. No, sir. Answer. Yes, sir ; I was shot after the sur Question. Had the corporal any arms in his render, as I was marched up the hill by the hands? rebels.
Answer. No, sir; nothing. Question. Where were you wounded ?
By the Chairman : Answer. In the knee.
Question. What do you know about any buildQu'estion. Was that the day of the fight? ings being burned ? Answer. The same day.
Answer. I saw them burn the buildings; and Question. Did you see any men shot the next that morning as I was going to the boat I saw day?
one colored man who was burned in the building, Answer. I did not.
Question. When was that building burned ? Question. What did you see done after the Answer. The next morning. place was taken?
Question. The morning after the capture ? Answer. After peace was made, some of the Answer. Yes, sir. secesh soldiers came around cursing the boys Question. How did you get away? that were wounded. They shot one of them. Answer. I started off with the rebels; we about the hand, aimed to shoot him in the head, were all lying in a hollow to keep from the shells; as he lay on the ground, and hit him in the as their backs were turned to me, I crawled up hand; and an officer told the secesh soldier if he in some brush and logs, and they all left; when night come I came back to the river-bank, and a right by the side of me after they had laid their gunboat came along.
guns down. They shot a black man clear over Question. Were any officers about when you into the river. Then they hallooed to me to were shot last ?
come up the hill, and I came up. They said: Answer. Yes, sir.
“Give me your money, you damned nigger." I Question. Did you know any of them? told them I did not have any. “Give me your Answer. No, sir.
money, or I will blow your brains out." Then Question. Did they say any thing against it ? they told me to lie down, and I laid down, and
Answer. No, sir; only: "Kill the God damned they stripped every thing off me. nigger.”
• Question. This was the day of the fight?
Answer. Yes, sir. Nathan Hunter, (colored,) private, company D, Question. Go on. Did they shoot you? Sixth United States heavy artillery, sworn and Answer. Yes, sir. After they stripped me and examined.
took my money away from me they dragged me By Mr. Gooch:
up the hill a little piece, and laid me down flat Question. Were you in Fort Pillow when it on my stomach ; I laid there till night, and they was captured ?
took me down to an old house, and said they Answer. Yes, sir.
would kill me the next morning. I got up and Question. What did you see done there ? commenced crawling down the hill; I could not
Answer. They went down the hill, and shot walk. all of us they saw; they shot me for dead, and I Question. When were you shot? lay there until the next morning when the gun- Answer. About three o'clock. boat came along. They thought I was dead and Question. Before they stripped you ? pulled my boots off. That is all I know.
Answer. Yes, sir. They shot me before they Question. Were you shot when they first took said “come up." the Fort ?
Question. After you had surrendered ? Answer. I was not shot until we were done Answer. Yes, sir; they shot pretty nearly all fighting.
of them after they surrendered. Question. Had you any arms in your hands Question. Did you see any thing of the burnwhen you were shot ?
ing of the men ? Answer. No, sir.
Answer. No, sir. Question. How long did you lie where you Question. Did you see them bury any body ? were shot?
Answer. Yes, sir. Answer. I lay there from three o'clock until Question. Did they bury any body who was after night, and then I went up in the guard- not dead ? house and staid there until the next morning Answer. I saw one of them working his hand when the gunboat came along.
after he was buried; he was a black man. They Question. Did you see any others shot ? had about a hundred in there, black and white.
Answer. Yes, sir; they shot down a whole The major was buried on the bank, right side of parcel along with me. Their bodies were lying me. They took his clothes all off but his drawthere along the river-bank the next morning. ers; I was lying right there looking at them. They kicked some of them into the river after They had my captain's coat, too; they did not they were shot dead.
kill my captain ; a lieutenant told him to give Question. Did you see that ?
| him his coat, and then they told him to go down Answer. Yes, sir; I thought they were going and pick up those old rags and put them on. to throw me in too; I slipped away in the Question. Did you see any body shot the day night.
after the battle ? By the Chairman :
Answer. No, sir. Question. Did you see any man burned ?
Question. How did you get away ? Answer. No, sir; I was down under the hill! Answer. A few men came up from Memphis, next the river.
and got a piece of plank and put me on it, and Question. They thought you were dead when took me down to the boat. they pulled your boots off ?
| Question. Were any rebel officers around Answer. Yes, sir; they pulled iny boots off, when the rebels were killing our men ? and rolled me over, and said they had killed Answer. Yes, sir; lots of them. me.
Question. Did they try to keep their men from
killing our men ? Sergeant Benjamin Robinson, (colored,) com- Answer. I never heard them say so. I know pany D, Sixth United States heavy artillery, General Forrest rode his horse over me three or sworn and examined.
four times. I did not know him until I heard By Mr. Gooch:
his men call his name. He said to some negro Question. Were you at Fort Pillow in the fight men there that he knew them; that they had there?
been in his nigger-yard in Memphis. He said he Answer. Yes, sir.
was not worth five dollars when he started, and Question. What did you see there?
| had got rich trading in negroes. Answer. I saw them shoot two white men., Question. Where were you from?
Answer. I came from South-Carolina. around and came down to the river-bank, and Question. Have you been a slave ?
got on the gunboat. Answer. Yes, sir.
Question. How did you lose your eye?
Answer. They knocked me down with a carDaniel Tyler, (colored,) private, company B, bine, and then they jabbed it out. Sixth United States heavy artillery, sworn and Question. Was that before you were shot? examined.
Answer. Yes, sir. By Mr. Gooch:
Question. After you had surrendered ? Question. Where were you raised ?
Answer. Yes, sir; I was going up the hill; a man Answer. In Mississippi.
came down and met me; he had his gun in his Question. Have you been a slave ?
| hand, and whirled it around and knocked me Answer. Yes, sir.
down, and then took the end of his carbine and Question. Were you in Fort Pillow at the time jabbed it in my eye, and shot me. it was captured by the rebels?
Question. Were any of their officers about Answer. Yes, sir.
there then? Question. When were you wounded ?
Answer. I did not see any officers. Answer. I was wounded after we all surren Question. Were any white men buried with dered ; not before.
you? Question. At what time?
Answer. Yes, sir. Answer. They shot me when we came up the Question. Were any buried alive? hill from down by the river.
Answer. I heard that one white man was Question. Why did you go up the hill ?
buried alive ; I did not see him. Answer. They called me up.
Question. Who said that? Question. Did you see who shot you?
Answer. A young man; he said they ought Answer. Yes, sir ; I did not know him.
not to have done it. He staid in there all night; Question. One of the rebels ?
I do not know as he ever got out.
John Haskins, (colored,) private, company B, Answer. I was right at him ; I had my hand Sixth United States heavy artillery, sworn and on the end of his gun.
examined. Question. What did he say to you?
By Mr. Gooch : Answer. He said: “Whose gun are you hold-1 Question. Were you at Fort Pillow when it ing ?" I said: “Nobody's.” He said, “God was captured ? damn you, I will shoot you," and then he shot Answer. Yes, sir. me. I let go, and then another one shot me. I Question. What did you see done there?
Question. Were many shot at the same time? Answer. After we had surrendered they shot
Answer. Yes, sir, lots of them ; lying all round me in the left arm. I ran down the river and like hogs.
jumped into the water; the water ran over my Question. Did you see any one burned ? back ; six or seven more men came around there, Answer. No, sir.
and the secesh shot them right on the bank. At Question. Did you see any body buried alive? night I got into a coal-boat and cut it loose, and Answer. Nobody but me.
went down the river. Question. Were you buried alive?
Question. Did you see any body else killed Answer. Yes, sir; they thought they had after they had surrendered ? killed me. I lay there till about sundown, when Answer. A great many; I could not tell how they threw us in a hollow, and commenced throw many. ing dirt on us.
| Question. Did they say why they killed our Question. Did you say any thing?
men after they had surrendered ? Answer. No, sir; I did not want to speak to Answer. No, sir. them. I knew if I said any thing they would kill Question. How many did you see killed after me. They covered me up in a hole; they cov- they surrendered ? ered me up, all but one side of my head. I Answer. Six or eight right around me, who heard them say they ought not to bury a man could not get into the water as I did; I heard who was alive. I commenced working the dirt them shooting above, too. away, and one of the secesh made a young one Question. Did they strip and rob those they dig me out. They dug me out, and I was carried killed ? not far off to a fire.
Answer. Yes, sir ; they ran their hands in my Question. How long did you stay there? | pockets—they thought I was dead—they did all
Answer. I staid there that night and until the in the same way. next morning, and then I slipped off. I heard Question. What time were you shot? them say the niggers had to go away from there Answer. After four o'clock. before the gunboat came, and that they would Question. How long after you had surrendered ? kill the niggers. The gunboat commenced shell- Answer. Just about the time we ran down the ing up there, and they commenced moving off. hill. I heard them up there shooting. They wanted Question. Did you have any arms in your me to go with them, but I would not go. I turned hands when you were shot ?
Answer. No, sir.
may save you ;" and I went off. They shot a Question. Do you know any thing about their great many that evening. killing any body in the hospital ?
Question. The day of the fight? Answer. I could not tell any thing about that. Answer. Yes, sir. I heard them shoot little
Question. Do you know any thing about their children not more than that high, (holding his burning buildings ?
hand off about four feet from the floor,) that the Answer. Yes, sir; they burned the lieutenant's officers had to wait upon them. house, and they said they burned him in the Question. Did you see them shoot them ? house.
Answer. I did not hold up my head. Question. He was a white man?
Question. How did you know that they shot Answer. Yes, sir; Quartermaster of the Thir-| them then ? teenth Tennessee cavalry.
Answer. I heard them say, “Turn around so Question. Did you see them kill him ?
that I can shoot you good," and then I heard Answer. No, sir; I did not see them kill him; them fire, and then I heard the children fall I saw the house he was in on fire,
over. Question. Do you know any thing about their Question. Do you know that those were the burying any body before they were dead? boys that waited upon the officers ? Answer. No, sir.
Answer. Yes, sir; one was named Dave, and Question. Where are you from?
the other was named Anderson. Answer. From Tennessee.
Question. Did you see them after they were Question. Have you been a slave.
shot ? Answer. Yes, sir.
Answer. No, sir ; they toted them up the hill Question. How long have you been in the before me, because they were small." I never army?
saw folks shot down so in my life. Answer. About two months.
By Mr. Gooch:
Question. Do you know of any body being Thomas Adison, (colored,) private, company buried alive? C, Sixth United States heavy artillery, sworn and Answer. No, sir. examined.
Question. Do you know of any one being By the Chairman :
burned ? Question. Where were you raised ?
| Answer. They had a whole parcel of them in Answer. In South-Carolina. I was nineteen a house, and I think they burned them. The years old when I came to Mississippi. I was house was burned up, and I think they burned forty years old last March.
them in it. Question. Were you at Fort Pillow when it Question. Were the men in the house colored was captured ? Answer. Yes, sir.
A. No, sir. The rebels never would have got Question. When were you wounded-before the advantage of us if it had not been for the or after you surrendered ?
houses built there, and which made better breastAnswer. Before.
works for them than we had. The major would Question. What happened to you after you not let us burn the houses in the morning. If were wounded ?
they had let us burn the houses in the morning, Answer. I went down the hill after we sur- I do not believe they would ever have whipped rendered; then they came down and shot me us out of that place. again in my face, breaking my jaw-bone.
Question. How near was the man to you? | Manuel Nichols, (colored,) private, company B,
Answer. He shot me with a revolver, about Sixth United States heavy artillery, sworn and ten or fifteen feet off.
examined. Question. What happened to you then ? ' By Mr. Gooch:
Answer. I laid down, and a fellow came along | Question. Were you in the late fight at Fort and turned me over and searched my pockets and Pillow ? took my money. He said: “God damn his old. A. Yes, sir. soul; he is sure dead now; he is a big, old, fat Question. Were you wounded there? fellow.'
Answer. Yes, sir. Question. How long did you lay there?
Question. When ? Answer. About two hours.
Answer. I was wounded once about a half an Question. Then what was done with you ? hour before we gave up.
Answer. They made some of our men carry Question. Did they do any thing to you after me up the bill to a house that was full of white you surrendered ? men." They made us lie out doors all night, and Answer. Yes, sir; they shot me in the head said that the next morning they would have the under my left ear, and the morning after the fight doctor fix us up. I went down to a branch for they shot me again in the right arm. When they some water, and a man said to me, “Old man, came up and killed the wounded ones, I saw if you stay here they will kill you, but if you some four or five coming down the hill.' I said get into the water till the boat comes along they to one of our boys : “Anderson, I expect if those
fellows come here they will kill us." I was lying Question. Where were you shot? on my right side, leaning on my elbow. One of Answer. In the head first, then in the shoulthe black soldiers went into the house where the der, then in my right wrist; and then in the head white soldiers were. I asked him if there was again, about half an hour after that. any water in there, and he said yes; I wanted Question. How many men shot at you? some, and took a stick and tried to get to the Answer. One shot at me three times, and ther. house. I did not get to the house. Some of a lieutenant shot at me. them came along, and saw a little boy belong- Question. Did they say any thing when they ing to company D. One of them had his mus- shot you? ket on his shoulder, and shot the boy down. Answer. No, sir, only I asked them not to He said: “ All you damned niggers come out shoot me, and they said: “God damn you, you of the house; I am going to shoot you." Some are fighting against your master." of the white soldiers said: “Boys, it is only Question. How near was the man to you when death, any how; if you don't go out they will he shot you? come in and carry you out." My strength Answer. He squatted down, and held his pis. seemed to come to me as if I had never tol close to my head. been shot, and I jumped up and ran down the Question. How near was the officer to you hill. I met one of them coming up the hill; he when he shot you? said, “Stop!" but I kept on running. As I Answer. About five or ten feet off; he was sitjumped over the hill, he shot me through the ting on his horse. right arm.
Question. Who said you were fighting against Question. How many did you see them kill your master ? after they had surrendered ?
Answer. The man that shot me. Answer. After I surrendered I did not go Question. What did the officer say? down the hill. A man shot me under the ear, Answer. Nothing but “You God damned nigand I fell down and said to myself: “If he don't ger.” A captain told him not to do it, but he shoot me any more this won't hurt me." One did not mind him; he shot me, and run off on of their officers came along and hallooed, “For-his horse. rest says no quarter! no quarter !" and the next Question. Did you see the captain ? one hallooed : “Black flag! black flag!".
Answer. Yes, sir; he and the captain were Question. What did they do then ?
side by side.
Answer. No, sir.
Answer. Yes, sir; they carried me around Answer. Until next morning about nine o'clock. right to the corner of the Fort, and I saw them Question. How did you get away? pitch men in there.
Auswer. When the gunboat commenced shellQuestion. Was there any alive?
ing I went down the hill, and staid there until Answer. I did not see them bury any body they carried down a flag of truce. Then the alive.
| gunboat came to the bank, and a secesh lieutenQuestion. How near to you was the man who ant made us go down to such a place, and told shot you under the ear?
us to go no further, or we would get shot again. Answer. Right close to my head. When I Then the gunboat men came along to bury the was shot in the side, a man turned me over, and dead, and told us to go on the boat. took my pocket-knife and pocket-book. I had Question. Did you see any body shot after they some of these brass things that looked like cents. I had surrendered, besides yourself? They said: “Here's some money; here's some Answer. Yes, sir; they shot one right by me, money." I said to myself : “You got fooled that and lots of the Thirteenth Tennessee cavalry. time."
Question. After they had surrendered ?
Answer. Yes, sir. Arthur Edwards, (colored,) private, company Question. Do you know whether any were C, Sixth United States heavy artillery, sworn and buried alive? examined.
Answer. Not that I saw. By the Chairman :
Question. Did you see any body buried ? • Question. Where were you raised ?
Answer. No, sir. Answer. In Mississippi.
Question. Did you see any body shot the day Question. Were you in Fort Pillow when it after the fight? was taken?
Answer. No, sir.
Charles Key, (colored,) private, company D, Answer. I was shot after I surrendered. Sixth United States heavy artillery, sworn and Question. When ?
examined. Answer. About half-past four o'clock.
By Mr. Gooch: Question. Where were you when you were Question. Where were you raised ? shot?
Answer. In South-Carolina. Answer. I was lying down behind a log. Question. Have you been a slave?