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thenceforth, and there his heart and the offices of President and Vicefootsteps ever turned, no matter to President of the United States. He what labor he was for the time called was selected as a candidate for Presiin the outer world.

dential elector on that ticket, and in In 1858 Mr. St. John was elected to the same year his own district nomithe presidency of the Newburgh Sav nated him for Congress. In 1863 he ings Bank, an institution with which was complimented by the nomination he was connected for the remainder for Secretary of State, by the Demoof his life, and that owes no small cratic party of New York. In 1875 share of its prosperity to his financial he was elected to represent the Tenth skill and close attention. He was its Senatorial district of New York-the faithful head from the year last counties of Orange and Sullivan-by named until his death in 1890, with a handsome majority; and re-elected the exception of the year 1872; and in 1877 by an increased majority. In when he first took charge of its af 1879 he declined another renominafairs its total deposits reached only tion for the Senate. In 1876 he was twenty-eight thousand dollars, but a delegate to the National Democratic have since increased to nearly five Convention that nominated Samuel millions. “This bank,” says a com J. Tilden to the Presidency; and in petent authority, in speaking of Mr. the councils of the Democratic party St. John's life and labors," is one of of New York he always took a promithe strongest of its kind in the State, inent and influential part. He was a and it is speaking within bounds to member of St. George's Episcopal say that the great success it has at Church, Newburgh, in which he held tained and the great service it has the offices of vestryman and warden rendered the people of this city and for several years;

and was trustee vicinity have been owing, in no small of the State Homeopathic Asylum of measure, to the experience, sound Middletown for many years. judgment and strict integrity that It was a life of continued and farwere brought to the management of reaching usefulness that Daniel B. St. its affairs by the selection of Mr. St. John was called from in the early days. John as its president."

of 1890. He had left home for a few It was not alone through this chan weeks of the winter season, and was nel that Mr. St. John made an im

a guest of the Berkeley Hotel, in New press upon the public life of his home

York city. He had contracted a secity and community. In 1860 he

vere cold, which, with the feebleness served as a delegate to the National of old age, soon told upon him,

and Union Convention at Baltimore, on the morning of February 18th, which nominated Bell and Everett to 1890, he sank quietly to rest. He

left no children, and his wife had pre life was simple and happy. He had ceded him by two years into the land the respect and esteem of all classes of rest.

of citizens, and all those great blessHad any

evidence been needed to ings that are factors in the life of a show the high estimation in which truly successful man. He was a man Mr. St. John was held by those who of the times, broad-minded, publicknew him best, and among spirited and progressive. His influmany years of his life were spent, it ence always led his fellows toward would have been supplied by the the good; his sympathy, his benevomany expressions of grief and of re lence, his kindly greetings—they will spect with which the news of his be remembered. His public and prideath was received. The people, the vate duties have been performed with press and various organizations with the greatest care, and through a long which he had been connected gave service in public life his personal formal expression to the feeling of honor and official integrity were withgeneral loss. One just tribute to his out blemish." character may be here reproduced, as

THEODORE JOHNSON. illustrating the rest: “ His domestic

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The year 1833 is a sharp turning point towards greatness in the history of Chicago. Three years before, the commissioners of the Illinois and Michigan canal had platted Ottawa and Chicago-towns at the termini of the proposed route.

Thus encouraged-having been given an abiding place--Chicago commenced to grow into a condensed settlement. Clybourne's log slaughter house, out on the South Branch, which he had built in 1827, was no longer in town. Wolf Point, as we

have seen, took on great airs with its hotel and its Clybourne-Miller ferry, which, however, soon fell into disuse from want of patronage. But Mr. Miller's interests as a hotel-keeper made it necessary that there should be some regular means of communication between the different sections of the settlement, and so he kept an old scow in motion himself. This, Mark Beaubien purchased and ranwhen he was not racing his ponies with the Pottawattamies-until in the winter of 1831-32. Mr. Miller built a

log bridge, ten feet wide, over the tleman-all after the platting of the North Branch, near Kinzie and Canal town and before its incorporation. streets. During the next year the The fall of 1831 saw both the erecsoldiers at Fort Dearborn and the tion and the falling of the government Pottawattamies pooled issues, raised lighthouse. The first structure wita purse of nearly $500, and threw its nessed the departure of the garrison for fac-simile over the South Branch, Green Bay, and the second one, comnorth of Randolph street.

pleted early the next year, welcomed Mr. Miller comes into notice again (metaphorically speaking) General in the spring of 1832 as a pioneer con Scott and the cholera. An appropritractor and a public-spirited gentle ation had been obtained for the imman; for then he built for the county provement of the harbor-a twin ena small, roofless structure of logs on terprise of the canal-and just the southeast corner of Court-house previous to the incorporation of the Square. It was called the Estray town the government engineers and Pen. Mr. Miller's bill for this first the contractors had commenced work public building, completed in the in front of Fort Dearborn. spring of 1832, was $20; but he ac The harbor improvement was becepted $12.

gun in June; Chicago was incorporFurthermore, the next year after ated in July; in May Rev. Jeremiah the town was platted, Mr. Miller's Porter arrived from Fort Brady, on brother, John, built a small tannery the Menomonee River, where he had just north of the tavern, and the two been preaching to the garrison and went into business together. Philo Indians. He was—he is, an educated · Carpenter, a brisk young man from Massachusetts gentleman, and an Troy, N. Y., had opened a drug store earnest western missionary. When Lake street,

the river. the

transferred Stephen Forbes, a Vermonter, and from Fort Brady to Fort Dearborn, his wife had, after some hesitancy, Mr. Porter had so endeared himself settled in the town and opened a reg to that officer and his wife that he ular school in a log building, near was urged to accompany them to the the present corner, of Randolph and Chicago field, which was virtually Michigan streets. Prayer meetings virgin soil. By the withdrawal of had been progressing for two years troops to assist General Scott in the in the old Kinzie house, occupied by Black Hawk war, and by this transfer the butcher, Mark Noble. For the

of the next year, Fort Brady had been benefit of the children, a Sunday almost denuded of its population, school had been held for a year in a and as there was already one missionbuilding near by, erected by that gen ary on the ground, Mr. Porter sensi




bly decided that duty called him to and there were only three framed Fort Dearborn.

stores. These had just been built for To him, therefore, we turn for a Newberry & Dole,t Philo Carpenter picture of Chicago in May, 1833, two and P. F. W. Peck. Mr. John Wright months before it became the town of had commenced the fourth store. Chicago: “Many families had fled “No place for Sabbath worship had from the surrounding country to Chi been built on the west side of Lake cago for military protection from the Michigan. The only place for worIndians the previous year; some of ship was a log school-house over the these remained and others had come bridge. On the north side of the in from the east. Including the two river, opposite the, fort was the Kincompanies in the fort, there were zie house; a third of the way to the nearly three hundred people dwelling point was the dwelling of Col. Richhere. Conceive now, of Chicago, as ard J. Hamilton, and still further it was in 1833, when the hand of man west was the house of Dr. Harmons had hardly begun to form its streets;* and his brother, Deacon Harmon. a wide, wet prairie, as far as the eye

Think of Chicago River as could reach, on a muddy river wind flowing between grassy banks, making south over a sand-bar to the lake, with a few scattered dwellings.

# During the previous year a bridge had

been built over the North Branch, in the loColonel J. B. Beaubien's trading post

cality of the present Kinzie and Canal streets. of the American Fur Company just

The log school-house was over this bridge, outside of the reservation; a dwelling and was jointly occupied by John Watkins, for the lighthouse keeper; with a sin the teacher, and by Rev. Jesse Walker, a

Methodist minister, who lived in his end of gle street on the river, from the fort

the building during week days and preached to the point, near where Lake street

in the school-room on Sundays. During the bridge now is. A log cabin west of

preceding school term—the fall of 1832—Mr. that bridge was the boarding-place Watkins had taught his eight Indian and of the merchants (Wolf Point Hotel). four white scholars in Col. Hamilton's The dwellings were then all of logs, deserted horse stable, the benches and desks

being made of old store boxes.

S Dr. Elijah D. Harmon was an army sur*The county had laid out roads correspond

geon, as well as general practitioner, coming ing to State street and Archer avenue ;

to Chicago in 1830. Dr. Harmon had charge Madison street and Ogden avenue. The

of the sick in the fort during the cholera epicanal commissioners had staked a

demic, and performed the first acknowledged from Water street to the lake.

surgical operation in Chicago-upon the fro+ Newberry & Dole was a Detroit business zen feet of a half-breed mail carier-and may house; Geo. W. Dole, the Chicago partner. be called our first resident physician and sura P. F. W. Peck was a merchant from the east, geon. In 1834 he removed to Texas, where who brought a small stock of goods in 1831, he died; but he visited Chicago many times, and built a small log hut near the fort.

and left his impress upon it.



ing a half-circle around Fort Dear troops coming in would all be utterly born, flowing south a half mile, and careless about religion. The fact then crossing a bar before it could that you and a little church were, at empty its sluggish waters into the the hour of our meeting, riding at lake."

anchor within gunshot of the fort is When Mr. Porter began to inquire like the bursting out of the sun from as to the religious status of Chicago, behind the darkest clouds." he found that Philo Carpenter had “Until then," says Mr. Porter, in organized a Sabbath school, but was his narrative, “I was not fully dethen absent in New York on business. cided as to my duty. There were Leaving his friend, the new three military posts, besides Fort mandant, to superintend the building Dearborn, west of Lake Michiganof the government pier from the river Fort Crawford, at Prairie du Chien; to the lake, and the cutting of a chan Fort Winnebago, now Portage City, nel through the sand-bar, Mr. Porter and Fort Howard, at Green Bay. Of proceeded to take up the religious these four I had reached the most imwork where Mr. Carpenter, the brisk portant, and complying with the young druggist, had left it. When wishes of Major Fowle (the comhe went to take his dinner at the log mandant), I followed the advice of boarding house,


the South Mr. Wright and Captain Johnson, reBranch, upon the first day of his ar mained here, and it was soon my rival, he was surprised to meet John privilege to organize the first church Wright, once fellow-student at ever formed in Chicago.' Williamstown, and from whom he Mr. Porter was, and is, a Presbyhad parted five years previously in terian. For some years previous to the city of New York.

his arrival, circuit and local missionHaving learned that Mr. Porter aries of the Baptist and Methodist came as a minister, not as an army churches had preached in the fort, surgeon--for surgery had once been and in a log cabin on the “west side" the bent of his mind-Mr. Wright ex class meetings had also been held, claimed: “Well, I do rejoice, for yesterday was the darkest day I ever

* Not historically correct; for, upon petition

to the Bishop of St. Louis by such men as T. Captain Johnson, who had

J. V. Owen (Indian agent), J. B. Beaubien, aided us in our meetings, was to leave Alexander Robinson, Antoine Quilmette, B.. us, and I was almost alone. I have Caldwell, Mark Beaubien, John S. C. Hogan been talking about, and writing for, (postmaster) and the Laframboises, Father a minister for months in vain, and

St. Cyr, a French priest just ordained, was

sent to Chicago, and celebrated mass in a. yesterday, as we prayed with the

tiny log cabin belonging to Mark Beaubien, Christians about to leave, I was al

on the 5th of May. Mr. Porter arrived in most ready to despair, as I feared the

Chicago on the 13th of May.


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