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with blue eyes and brown hair. Her figure light | faculty which God has given to enable man to and graceful as the fragile flowers which blos- progress in knowledge and virtue. He does nosomed around her distant home. Her lips were thing to pervert to eternal evil any capacity of somewhat pouting. Her finely moulded hands the human mind or heart. He is a Destroyer fell listlessly upon the elegant robes which only so far as is requisite in order that he may adorned her person, as if weary with the burden be a Savior. of existence She seemed a northern lily trans- This is one point of essential difference beplanted to the confusion and etiquette of a cere- tween the Universalist and the Partialist. The monious court. The lily drooped in its uncon- Universalist holds fast to the belief that nothing genial soil, and secretly sighed for its home be- good can be destroyed, and that hence there can yond the Rhine. The, French people, ardent never come a time when the pressure of the Aland enthusiastic, knew not nor appreciated her mighty will bear so upon any portion of the hutimid, pensive, unassu
ssuming goodness. When m'ın race as to prevent their return to virtue and reverses came, she calmly, bravely met her fate; holiness. The Partialist holds to an opposite and when Napoleon was a prisoner in the hands faith. He contemplates the approach of an aw. | of his enemies, and was about to be sent into ful era, when a decree shall go forth against a exile, she requested a parting interview, which portion of our race that shall doom them to endwas denied her.
No longer empress of France, less evil, to the perpetual exercise of perveried she mourned not for faded glory. Her young powers, to the unutterable miseries which must son, who had received the homage of thousands fall to the lot of those who are made incapable while yet in his infancy, was no longer king of of receiving the grace of God unto regeneration Rome. Accompanied by her child, she gladly and salvation! Reader, strive to consider this sought a refuge again in her own loved Austria. picture, for though appalling in the extreme, yet And in solitude and eventually in widowhood, it is painted by those who require us to love God she found the peace she had never known when in order to secure his favor while our mortal life surrounded by fawning attendants, and dazzled is spared. How can love be excited while such by the splendor of the throne of France.
a result is before us? a result obtaining under the government of Him who seeth, because be is able to declare, the End from the Beginning? Isaia. xlvi. 10. Let us pause before this tre.
mendous issue, and "survey the field" which is JESUS, A DESTROYER.
“the world” as led by President Wayland, in
his great sermon on the “Grandeur of the Jis. To speak of Jesus as a Savior is so familiar to
sionary Enterprise.” He says that out of the us, that it is not without a chill of terror that eight hundred millions of the inhabitants of the we hear him styled a Destroyer. But such he is earth, only two have any koowledge of Christ, described in the Scriptures of Truth, and as such and only one hall of these latter are his real diswe must receive him. It is, however, a great ciples; to seven-eighths, therefore, the Gospel is comfort to the believer, that notwithstanding to be sent. “ We have,” he coniinues, " considmany names and titles are given to the Son of ered these beings as immortal, and candidates God, they do not contradict or conflict with each for an eternity of happiness or misery. And we other, but harmonize in the grandest and sub- cannot avoid the belief that they are posed to limest of all -" The Savior of the World."
endless misery.” And how does he get at the Every Reformer has to be a Destroyer, and proof? Ile gets at it by supposing a destruction his wisdom and efficiency are seen in the limits of all restraints, by which the evil passions of which he sets to his destruction, as the wild the heathen shall be " suffered to operate in their growth of the forest is made to give place to the unrestrained malignity" Now this can only be fruitsul field and Nourishing village or city, or as effected by a direct act of the Deity, by which the sinful appetites of the inebriates are destroy- he removes from them the restraints of his sore. ed in order that he may enjoy the blessings of reignty and gives them over to evil and evil onsobriety. In this sense, Jesus is a Destroyer. ly. And why should we imagine God to exerHis glorious mission is to remove Error and Sin, cise his sovereignty to destroy all that is good and the Misery consequent upon their activity. rather than all that is evil? Is there any thing He destroys nothing that is good. He annihi- in the Savior's miracles by which such a deslates no attributes of the soul. He palsies no truction is symbolized ? No, thank God, no!
S. M. PERKINS.
But let us here consider another point: When mon, to which we have referred, that in a note we argue the salvation of all from the infinite he sets forth a belief which the sermon itself perfections of the Godhead, we are frequently would incline us to believe he rejected, as we told, as a sufficient reply, that God will not vio- think the hearers of it must have concluded. He late man's moral agency or moral freedom. If says in that note, that he believes “in the reso, let us ask, How is it that man can ever be vealed doctrine of the sovereign and efficacious deprived of the ability and privilege of returning influence of the Holy Spirit, which is abundantto his Maker ? If he is forced into hell, as bell ly sufficient to overcome all the obstacles arising is ordinarily described, his moral agency is as from the opposition of a sinner's heart.” Mark much violated, as it would be were he forced in- the strength of expression, the sovereign and to heaven! And if force must be used in any efficacious grace abundantly suficient to overcome case, how much better is it to employ it as we all obstacles arising from the opposition of a sindo upon the insane, to place them under sanitive ner's heart! This is all we ask. This is the influences? Is it more to the glory of God to true Doctrine of Grace. This sets forth the charforce men to evil than to good? But we need acter of Jesus as a Destroyer, and effectually senot dwell upon this matter long, inasmuch as cures to us the argument for the certainty of the the sovereignty of God cannot and must not be result. It does so, for no Christian denies that sacrificed to any high notions of man's freedom. God is willing and desirous that all should be IT IS THE FREE Will of God, that is to be kept saved, and that willingness or desire must distinct, rather than the free will of man. It is prompt to the exercise of sovereign and efficaa small thing to let go of the latter rather than cious Grace! of the former. We should indeed have high We will rejoice in the glorious declarations notions of man's freedom, and solemn thoughts that for this purpose was the Son of God maniof his accountability, but by no means should fested, that he might destroy the devil and his we lose sight of the grand truths, that in God works. Heb. ii. 8; 1 John iii. 8. Make this we live, and move, and have our being;” that meaning as extensive as you please, you cannot of him, and through him, and to him, are all exceed the greatness and glory of the result prothings, to whom be glory forever.” Acts xvii. posed. Evil shall be destroyed that Good may 28; Rom. xi. 36.
reign triumphant; and blessed is that soul which There is a passage in the prophet Hosea's experiences this grand truth, for he will keep proclamation, chapter thirteen and ninth verse, sacred the covenant of the heart with the good which is very pertinent to our subject :-"0 works of holiness and love. Israel, thou hast destroyed thyself; but in me is It is passing strange that any one should doubt thy help.” This passage is pertinent, not only
this effect of a belief in the ultimate destruction because of the sentiments it sets forth, but also of evil, the making “an end of sin ;" but yet because the first member of it has been frequent- many do profess to regard such a faith as licenly employed as a text for sermons in which the tious in its tendency, and they openly tell us self-destruction which sinners bring upon them- that if they cherished it, they would live as they selves by their sins, is set forth, while the most pleased and take their fill of sin! Such remarks fearful of all pictures of eternity are painted.only show that they have no just ideas of sin; The “ wise are taken in their own craftiness," they do not heed the declarations of the Scripfor in the passage to which our attention is thus tures,--“ be that sinneth wrongeth his own directed, we find a positive declaration concern- soul ;" “the way of the transgressor is hard.” ing the help which abides in God for the Israel | They profess to lore piety, and yet talk of takwhich had destroyed itself! And it is so through ing their fill of sin, as the miserable debauchee all the Scriptures. God never loosens entirely longs for his maddening wine, and would have the bold which he has upon his creatures. He it if it were not for the terrifying fear of the de" is greater than our heart, and knoweth all lirium tremens. They have not yielded themthings.” 1 John iii. 20. He preserves for him- selves to Christ. Their piety is mock piety. self those avenues by which he can come to the They never advance beyond mere legal obedispirits of all flesh. He never ceases to be a Sa- ence, for they are only actuated by mercenary vior however he operates as a Destroyer. And motives. In the true disciple such meanness it is the same with his blessed Son, Christ Je- and servility is destroyed. He is a subject of sus—the “Express Image" of the Father. It is Grace, and how can he longer dwell in Sin? comforting to see in President Wayland's ser- One thing is certain, and that is,-the Savior
F. L, HAGADORX.
was animated by the prospect of effectually de- How little ken they of the light
CHURCH PAPERS. NO. FII. when he wrote, “ The last enemy, Death, shall
THE SABBATH. be destroyed ?" 1 Cor. xv. 26, (that and is, in the common version, are supplied words; no
It can hardly be considered needful at first corresponding words are in the original,and they sight to adduce any argument, before an assembreak the continuity of the Apostle's reasoning.) blage of professed Christians, for the necessity And when the last enemy, Death, is destroyed, of the institution of the Sabbath, its authority then shall the full glory of Jesus burst upon the
and sacredness, and its especial value and fitness world, and he shall be honored as the glorious both to the physical and spiritual nature of man. architect who only destroys to rebuild in the
And yet sạch is by many the practical disregard perfection of beauty. Whatever is written con
of the day, such is the indifferent attendance upcerning destructions to be wrought under his
on divine worship, such is the apparent insensigovernment, must be limited in their meaning bility in regard to its observance, that it may be by his pre-eminent title as “ Savior of the world”
questioned whether there is not, after all, a lurk-“the Lamb of God, that taketh away the sin
ing scepticism both as to its necessity and sancof the world.” That truth must stand. To
tions, and it is painful to hear from the lips of a mar, or limit it, is to mar or limit the chief glo- professing believer in the religion of Christ, an ry of Jesus. It is to wrest from the Savior the
expression of doubt touching either its authority greatness of his victory. It is to erect a perpet
or sanctity. ual monument to the inefficiency of him who It has been, we think, incontestibly proved went forth to war, but had not skill and power that a weekly day of rest is indispensable for the to gain a complete victory. Away with such physical well being of man; that nightly seasons dishonoring fancies !
of sleep are insufficient for the restoration of " In him the tribes of Adam boast
man's faculties and powers which are enfeebled
and exhausted by daily toil and activity; that More blessings than their father lost."
life will be prolonged by an occasional and ha. bitual intermission of labor; and that eren the animal has need of a weekly day of relaxation
and repose. It has been contended on physioTRUE TO ME-FOREVER TRUE. logical grounds, that the amount of productive
labor in the world is actually increased by the They told me she would fickle prove,
observance of the day, and it will be observed That o'er those lustrous orbs of blue
that the fourth commandment given to Moses Came flashes of unearthly light,
exempts even " the cattle” from labor on the ser. Like lightning of a stormy night,
enth day. To render all things strangely bright,
But there is a higher and stronger argument And snatch them from the dazzled view.
for the day of rest presented by a consideration But they had never known the deep
of the mental character of man. The mind de Beneath whose playful, giddy whirl,
mands relaxation no less than the body. It asks In stilly lustre, gently sleep
for the promotion and preservation of its health, Dorado's peerless stores of pearl.
relief from the weariness of monotony, from the
pressing and urgent demands of business, from They never saw those ocean flowers
the engrossing and burdensome cares of daily In rainbow beauty floating through
life and trade-from the vexations and wearing That Aashing tide, whose joyous hours
toils of domestic labor and industry and from the Were true to me-forever true.
exhaustion of study.
The mind acts we know through physical or- caught no glimpses of the coming of the Sun of gans which lose their tone and vigor if their Righteousness : it is dead to itself, its energies tension be not at times relaxed, and they have and wants, its nature and necessities. pot seasons allotted to them to regain their When the mind has been fully awakened to strength, to supply their waste and necessary its true interests, and ponders its needs and its decay. Those organs of the body whose func- destiny, it finds the Sabbath to be a merciful tions are indispensable to life, and which act and wise institution, a fitting and appointed seawithout our volition or control, are only those son for holy thought and religious service; and which have no sense of weariness and need no it seeks and finds frequent other occasions for repose. The mind suffers even more keenly meditation and prayer, and it is ready to pour than the body, if it has not relief froin toil and out its rejoicing thanksgiving unto the God of anxiety. It becomes rapidly enfeebled and pros- the Sabbath for the peaceful and sanctifying intrated if overworn, exerts its jaded powers re- fluences of the precious and hallowed day, and luctantly and languidly, rebels against the will,
ers the Sabbath day to keep it holy." loses its force and elasticity, and sinks prema- It can spare no religious opportunity, and the turely and helplessly under the accumulated Sabbath is consecrate to God and the soul. burthen of incessant labor. The physical and Is it not enough for a believer in the Bible mental tasks of life would soon create distaste that the commandment to keep the Sabbath and aversion to them, and exhaust our endur- has been given him ? Is not the authority for ance and our powers would be spent, but for the the Sabbath the highest of which the nature of renovating relief of the blessed Sabbath, which the case admits? Has the moral law of the ten grants the needed repose and reinforces both the commandments been abrogated ? Is there anymind and boily with newness of vigor, and thing in the observance of the Sabbath contrary strengthens and arms them for the toil and bat
to the spirit and teachings of the Savior ? Did tle of life.
not the Apostles keep and authorise the Lord's The institution of the Sabbath is not an arbi
day, and set it apart as a day of worship and trary enactment; it is implied in our physical gathering of the disciples, and establish a visible and moral nature. It is written on the tables church? And is not the change of the holy day, of the human heart (as it was of old on the ta- from the seventh to the first day, an observance bles of stone) by the finger of God in inefface
of the spirit of the commandment? And ought able characters. It is an indispensable necessi- we, let us ask an objector and let him answer, ty—the law of God and nature; and we have
to keep the Christian or the Jewish Sabbath ? the attestation of the nerves and muscles of our which Sabbath does he observe ? It might apbodies and the faculties of our minds, the testi
pear a work of supererogation to examine the mony of philosophy and science, and the history
objections which are urged against the observ. of civilization, in behalf of the Sabbath as a day
ance of the Sabbath, because they are so frivoof rest from daily labor. But this is not all, nor lous and puerile, but that we hear, from time to indeed are these considerations (important as time, expressions of doubt in regard to the sawe deem them) the highest we can present. credness of the day, and are painfully conscious
The spiritual nature of man needs seasons of of a general laxity and neglect of its true uses refreshment and culture-needs calm and undis- and advantages. There are those who plead turbed hours for reflection, for meditation, for for a day of rest from toil, and resign themselves self-examination, for religious study and prayer; to indolence, to feasting and sleep, or squander it needs frequent occasions to commune with their time in questionable pursuits, in literary God and Christ, and by tranquil and deliberate studies, and perusing profitless and worse than resolves to fortify itself for the conflicts of life profitless books; in idle sauntering, in the purwith sin and temptation. It needs withdrawal suit of pleasure, in trilling conversation, in readfrom the tumult and hurry of business, the ex• ing what are falsely called Sunday papers, in citement of gain and pleasure, and the absorb- riding and walking and sailing; in making exing interests of the world; and that soul that cursions into the country, and in abandoning the has not felt at times, in the whirl of busy life, day to all kinds of worldly ease and enjoyment. how transient and profitless were its pursuits, It is true that these violations of the day do not and how shadowy and unsatisfactory were the overthrow the fabric of society, because the day objects of its earthly desire, still slumbers in the
is generally reverenced, but “the prevailing vionight of worldliness and insensibility, and has lation would be alike and equally disastrous
to all that is dear and ennobling to man.”
ship, are by every absence from the house of days shalt thou labor and do all thy work.” God reiterating their confession of lukewarm. “Remember the Sabbath to keep it holy,” saith ness or apathy. the commandment. And is it a fulfillment of It is, however,
ous ihought i the statute simply to abstain from labor on the and culture and public worsbip, are incompati. Sabbath? To suspend business, and buying and ble with a day of rest; but let us examine the selling, to close the doors of the warelrouse and use the objector makes of the day, and find the workshop, and fritter away the time in idleness sincerity of his profession. If he should spend and stupor, or in pursuit of sensual and worldly the day in sleep, in feasting or in indolence, be pleasures?
koows that orersleep will enfeeble and enervate “Six days shalt thou labor and do all thy all his faculties, that the sluggard's rest is bruwork." “ Remember the Sabbath day to keep tish and unmanly; he knows, or should know, it holy," saith the commandment, inculcating that indulgence of the appetite produces languor the duty of labor as well as the sacredness of the of the mind and faculties, and that man is some day of rest, and manifesting the mercy of the thing more and better than an eater and a coninstitution as a needful repose to those who have sumer of food ; that ennni is the attendant of indoobeyed the commandment to labor.
lence, and weariness the burden of idleness. But The season of rest is always most welcome to will the objector assure us that he does not rehim who works most faithfully. Toil sweetens sign the day to indulgence or idleness? What repose, and blesses the hours of relaxation and use then does he make of it? Does he spend it relief; and to him who lives and labors as he in reading and conversation and visiting? Why ought, the Sabbath will bring the purest delights then does he not read his Bible, talk about and the holiest joys. It may well be questioned themes appropriate to the day, and visit a place whether the burden and ennui of the Sabbath of worship? Or, in truth, are not his Bible, and are felt except by those who live lives of indo- religion, and the house of God, distasteful to lence or worldly excitement and pleasure. him ? Has he no hearty and abiding interest in
But it may be urged that attendance upon things sacred and holy? And has he determinpublic worship, the reading of the Bible, domes. ed he will have none? Oh! no he would not say tic devotion, or systematic religious culture, are that; he means one day to have a true interest incompatible with rest, that the day may in this in these things, for they are, he admits, of great observance of it become one of continued labor value and excellence. Then let us ask, how and its very design be thwarted and neutralized. does he expect to create an interest for religion? But a little reflection will convince us that a By habitual neglect of it, by occasional attendchange of employment affords relief and satis- ance at church when he can hear an eloquent faction, and that those powers of the mind which preacher, or the day is fine, or it is not too warm have enjoyed a remission of service, are stimu- or too cold, or too rainy, or too dusty, or the lated to new endeavor by temporary rest and in- walk is not too long, or when he feels inclined action; while the body reposes from its toil, the to go and has nothing else to do, no engagemind is elastic and active, and often discerns ments to keep, no books or news to read, no let. those truths and duties which are hidden or ters to write, no friends to visit, no ailing to unobserved in the haste and bustle of business nurse, no want of new garinents, and no late- ! life, and in the excitement of pleasure and rec- ness of meals, and no possible excuse to binder reation. The occupation of the mind on the him! Truly he has and is likely to hare a feeble Sabbath with religious thoughts and duties does and indifferent regard for religion, who suffers not hinder or affect the true usefulness of the any or all of these things to keep him from tbe day, for it is a day to be hallowed, kept sacred observance of the Sabbath. And it would be to God, and it is emphatically called the Lord's much more manly and truthful for him to say, ' day. It is to be feared that the non-observance shocking as it would be, "I have no interest in of the day springs from an entirely different religion and I do not want to have any." For source than those presented in the usual objec- let us ask himn if these excuses are sufficient to tions which are urged by those who neglect it. keep him from attendance to business, and let Religious indifference, or insensibility at least, his answer be his own judgment and approve or will be found to be the main cause of the neg. condemn him. lect of the Sabbath; and they who for trivial
But, says one, I do not undervalue the day, I and frivolous excuses abstain from public wor
can pursue my religious studies at home. I can