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obstinacy, but they knew not upon what topics to found their doctrine. Some held that the Pater Noster was said to God formaliter, and to saints materialiter; others to God principaliter, and to saints minus principaliter; others would have it ultimate and non ultimate; but the majority seemed to hold that the Pater was said to God capiendo stricte, and to saints capiendo large. A simple fellow, who served the subprior, thinking there was some great matter in hand that made the doctors hold so many conferrences together, asked him one day what the matter was? The subprior answering, "Tom," that was the fellow's name, we cannot agree to whom the Pater - "Noster should be said:" he suddenly replied, "to whom, sir, should it be said but unto God?”

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Then," said the subprior, "what shall we do "with the saints?" He rejoined, “give them "Aves and Credos enow, in the devil's name, for "that may suffice them." The answer going abroad, many observed that he had given a wiser decision than all the doctors had done with all their decisions.

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"Mother of God," is a title by which the papists designate the virgin, "the impropriety of "it," says David Brogue, "is exceedingly great.

"How would the compilers of the catechism be

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pleased, if any one were to call Anna, whose "daughter they say Mary was, the grandmother "of God; to call the Virgin the mother of God "is equally wrong." We have shown in different parts of these volumes that the virgin's mediation has been more sought for than that of our Lord; and on the continent, authors have celebrated her divine powers, her extraordinary condescensions, in a way that would not readily be supposed. According to them her courtesy or bienséance may teach us a lesson of humility. At one time she is represented as descending from heaven to mend the gown of Thomas à Becket, which was ripped up at the shoulder. Whilst the monks of Clairvaux were at work the Virgin relieved their fatigue by wiping the perspiration from their faces. While an abbess was absent from her convent, being seduced from the path of virtue by a wicked monk (á very uncommon thing in those days!), the Virgin is made to su perintend the neglected abbey and its inmates. She descends from her high abode to bleed a young man who prayed to her, he being too plethoric. She sings matins and supplied the place of a monk, who was obliged to be absent, but who prayed to her for that purpose. And we are solemnly assured, that, when St. Allan was

much indisposed she rewarded him for his devo-i tional attentions to her, by graciously giving him that lactial nourishment which female parents are accustomed to yield only to their offspring. Such are the impious contents of the legends of the saints. The very institution of a church must have its legendary anecdote. The church of Santa Maria Maggiore, at Rome, is beautiful, it stands upon the ruins of an ancient temple in honour of Juno Lucina. The Virgin Mary being a great lover of churches intimated to some pope in a dream, that she wished this church built exactly here, directing him to look out for the spot which he would find covered with snow on the following morning. The pope rose early in consequence: but as it was in the middle of the dog-days, he could not find any mark of snow till he came to this place, where it lay several feet high, covering the exact dimensions of the present church, which is therefore named Maria in neve, or St. Mary in the snow. church possesses some hay, on which the new born Saviour was laid in the stable, and his first swaddling clothes. As for the images of our lady, they, in catholic countries, are multiplied in the cathedrals and churches to an incredible amount, and are as decked out in finery as the best spangled dolls in Bartholomew fair. There

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is an anecdote of a crying Virgin Mary at Atocha which is made of wood, yet is seen melting into tears at the pathetic parts of a sermon, annually preached before her every Good Friday. On such occasions, the spectators cannot help shar ing in the bitterness of the Virgin's sorrow. One' day the preacher, having exerted all his powers of oratory with the usual effort, perceived among his crying congregation, a carpenter who looked on with a dry eye. "Impious wretch," exclaimed the sacred orator, "what, not weep! not discover the smallest emotion, when you see the "holy Virgin herself, dissolved in tears?"

Ah, reverend father," replied the carpenter, "it "was I who fixed up that statue yesterday in "its, niche: in order to fasten her properly, I "was obliged to drive three great nails into her "latter end, 'twas then she would have cried if "she had been able."

EFFECTS OF PATRONAGE.

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In a tract, entitled "Why poor priests have "no benefices," by Wickliffe, the English reformer, who was excommunicated by the popish council of Constance, after he was dead and buried, is the following satire on William of Wykcham, bishop of Winchester, who was his cotemporary, and is supposed to have recom

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