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“EVEN

EXCHANGE,"

OR

PROGRESSIVE TRUTH

VINDICATED!

A Reply to Messrs. Brewer & Tileston's late Pamphlet

and Advertisement.

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Third

No. pages. Wholesale. Retail.

552 .07
278 .45

.67 182 .31

.50 20

.38 120 .17

.25 72 .12

.18 180 .17

.25

First

THE charge of "falsehood” so lavishly in Ohio, to Messrs. J. B. Smith & Co., of Cinbestowed upon me on the part of Messrs. cinnati. Brewer & Tileston, publishers of a rival se- Now, turning my attention to the article in ries of Readers, would not, in its results, be the “ Massachusetts Teacher,” and presuming very serious, even if such assertions should it is the intention of its authors to reprint it pass unnoticed. Too much notoriety has al- in other equally able Educational Journals of ready been given to Hillard's Readers and the day, I will call attention to the following Worcester’s Spellers, by being brought in con- table of comparative size and cost, given in tact with meritorious works of a similar na- the “Even Exchange” circular (with such ure. The Progressive Books, by Town and corrections as I hereafter refer to), which cirHolbrook, gain nothing by such notoriety, cular was issued by me, June 20th, though is they are too well known to require the bearing date June 16th, 1862:bolstering assistance emanating from a source, one prominent object of which is to keep Willard's First Class Reader,

$1.00 · fresh before the people” the fact that Hil- Second “ ard's Readers and Worcester's Spellers are not yet out of print.

Third Primary Reader, 236

Second The assertion of " falsehood” will be clearly leen, I trust, to rest upon the heads of those Worcester’s Speller, vho have serenely laid themselves down under

1620 $2.17 $3.23 he darkened shadow, displayed in an extraorlinary effort to vindicate the “ Truth,” while

Correction. — To the Second Class Reader, he very evidence, plainly deducible from their 58 pages, and to the Third Class Reader 46 wn acknowledgments, goes far to convict pages of other matter” should be added; hem of misrepresentation.

40 pages of which are the same in each book. In the “Massachusetts Teacher” of No. But after giving the series credit for these rember, present, and in a pamphlet, entitled additions and repetitions, it will be seen that : Truth Vindicated," appear articles over the the aggregate number of pages is still less ignature of Brewer & Tileston, which neither than in the Progressive Series. lo justice to myself nor reflect honor upon Fourth Class Reader (price 42 cents), and a

Hillard's Series, to make it complete, has a heir authors. " Truth Vindicated” contains wenty-eight pages, twelve of which appear Primary Speller (price 13 cents), in addition o be a eulogy on Hillard's Readers and to the above-named books, thereby requiring a Vorcester's Spellers. The larger portion of greater outlay on the part of the pupil using he recommendations embraced therein, how- this series, while nothing is gained by the ver, came from the State of Ohio, where study of such additional matter. lillard's and Worcester's Series no sooner ad their birth than their moral and practi- Progressive Fifth Reader, al characteristics developed themselves; and

Third hey were strangled in the attempt to breathe

Second " ure atmosphere. As it is my intention to

First

Primer ffer proof of my “ assertions,” in this reply to

Speller & Definer, lessrs. Brewer & Tileston, I would respectilly refer those interested in the increased Total number of words in Worcester’s Speller, 4,280

$2.15 $2.99 opularity of Hillard's and Worcester's Series

Retail.

.88 .75

Fourth

No. pages.

50+ 384 30+ 208 112 6+ 168

Wholesale.

.67 .50 .38 .25 .15 .10 .10

.30

.20 .13 ..13

“ Progressive

13,911

1744

We have here shown that the corresponding books. Country schools, because they are books, alone, of the Progressive Series contain “not graded," we are led to understand, or more pages than Hillard's and Worcester's may plainly infer, do not receive the full beneSeries, while the latter two are much more ex- fit of Hillard's and Worcester's Series, in their pensive; and, if we add the extra cost of the adoption. This is not the case with the Protwo books above named, we have the unne- gressive Series; and hence the great succes cessary sum of eighty-eight cents to be expended of these well-graded and practical books for every set of Hillard's and Worcester's books issued about the same time as Hillard's Series. The comparison between Worcester's Series, yet numbering in their adoption twenty and the Progressive Speller is significant; the towns to Hillard's one. As I propose to give former, containing only 8,286 words, costs proof, my introductory Ledger, with accounts twenty-five cents, retail, and the latter, con- settled and unsettled, and my reports, received taining 13,911 words (all common words in the from various towns within the last six months, language), costs thirteen cents, retail. are at the service of any one doubting my

It is shown by the preceding table, that the statement. sum of two dollars eighty-nine cents, the re- In Messrs. Brewer & Tileston's computation tail price of the Primer, First, Second, Third, of “ Other Matter," these gentlemen even Fourth, and Fifth Readers and the Speller, is out-Herod Herod. In their eager efforts to the total expense to which the scholar is sub- swell the size of their books, they have reject in the adoption of the Progressive Series. sorted to counting the blank or fly-leaf of one

I quote from the “ Teacher: -“Mr. Ells- of their Readers, and of twice taking into worth introduces into his table the Progres- their account of “other matter," forty pages sive Speaker as an optional book with the of Hillard's Third Class Reader, for the same Fifth Reader, but excludes its cost from the forty pages, word for word, are repeated in Hittable of prices.”

lard's Second Class Reader, a bigher book of O consistency! Will Messrs. Brewer & the series. Tileston have the candor to give the Progres- And this is not all. These introductory exsive Series due credit for the

number of pages ercises, most of which are twice repeated in the the “Speaker” contains, if they intend to in- series, having neither form, comeliness

, der clude it in the table of prices ? Our table practicality, may, perhaps, be found quite as neither shows the number of pages, nor in- useful in the hands of pupils as so many pages cludes the price of the “Speaker.” Every of Latin, Greek, or Choctaw to merely Engone knows, that where the Fifth book is in lish scholars. But this wily deception, so use, the Speaker cannot be, since both books plainly manifest on the part of Messrs. Brewer are intended for the most advanced class in and Tileston, I will not include in my table or school, their use being optional with the falsehoods, simply allowing it to pass as a speciteacher.

men of one of their white lies. How COD Falsehood number one is uttered by Messrs. mendable and ennobling the exertion, displayBrewer & Tileston, when they say, “ It is not ing such tenderness of conscience, and such : necessary to use the two extra books em- degree of honesty ! braced in Hillard's and Worcester's Series The other matter,” referred to in Hillaris (viz., Hillard's Fourth Class Reader, costing Series, will be found, on examination, to be forty-two cents, retail, and Worcester's Ele- composed of material very properly classe mentary or Primary Speller, costing thirteen under that head; and it most conclusively cents, retail), for these books can be omitted, shows the author's impractical ideas of what i as they generally are,” &c. I shall show this one of the indispensable requisites in a series last quotation, however, to be nearer the truth of Readers for school use. than any other portion of their infamous sheets, In the preface of the “ Third Class Reader," bearing upon every page unblushing falsehoods it is taken for granted that some teachers will and vailed deception. Now, these two books not understand this “ other matter;” and wel must have a meaning; they must have been may such apprehensions arise, for it evidently intended for something; and they should fill a is too obscure and unintelligible even on the space no other books of Hillard's and Worces- subject of Ortho-py, the only subject presentes ter's Series can, to be of any practical use. in any number of the series, to be One is the pivot book of a series of Readers, benefit to a teacher who knows but little d leaving a broken link, if omitted; the other the subject; and it is equally useless to one is a Primary Speller, without which (in coun- who thoroughly understands it, because it : try schools especially) Worcester's large Spel- for the most part altogether impractics ler (retailing at twenty-five cents, while it con- What, then, shall be said of its adaptation tains only about half the number of words em- Third or Fourth Class readers, children braced in the Progressive Speller, which retails ten or twelve years of age, for whom it is er at thirteen cents) cannot be successfully used. signed ?

The fact that schools are not graded,” is no Now, while the subject of Orthoepy shoul reason why the scholars should not have the have been more briefly and familiarly treated full benefit of all the matter to be obtained in exercises in the other departments of elat the adoption of a well-graded series of text- tion ought not to have been omitted. The

justice of this criticism will be obvious from not where such objectionable pieces may be the following extracts :

found, whether in the writings of American

or English poets. Much as I admire the Page x. " The indefinite and ectendible

elements writings of Shakespeare and other authors are sometimes called CONTINUANTS ; and the abrupt, EXPLODENTS.”

referred to in your scurrilous “ Truth VindicaPage XI. * The abrupt subtonics, when fully artic- ted," allow me to say, that the “ figures ” I ulated separately, have, at the precise moment after the occlusion is suddenly broken, a short and ob- referred to in my “Even Exchange” the scure vocal sound, which is called a vocule.

authors have drawn from real life. It matters Page xv. “ The vocule of an atonic should not be not how little or how much the writers may made vocal ; nor that of a subtonic overdone.

have embellished the background, they have In the Progressive Series, Messrs. Brewer accomplished one object in a masterly' style; & Tileston ignore eighty pages in the Third and there is no “dishonesty, and fitful, fraudReader, one hundred thirty-six in the Fourth, ulent trickery,” in perceiving the idea such and two hundred fifty-four in the Fifth, em- figures will unavoidably suggest. bracing in all every department of elocution, In the construction of sentences, Hillard's and THREE HUNDRED PAGES of peculiarly Readers are still open to criticism (as many appropriate and illustrative reading-matter, all of the sentences can not be properly reconof which, according to their judgment, comes structed without making new plates), 'not withunder the head of other matter," — thus mod- standing the alterations made in the late reestly offsetting in their table the most valuable vision of the series, in which over one hunportions of the three higher books of the Pro. dred grammatical, sentential and other errors gressive Series, by frankly acknowledging, were corrected, in accordance with the suggesbut at the same time attempting to hide the tions made in the “Critic Criticised,” and pubdeficiency in Hillard's Series, in which they lished by Bazin & Ellsworth more than three claim only ten pages of “other matter” in the years ago, in reply to a criticism on one of First Class Reader, fifty-eight in the Second, their publications. and forty-six in the Third. The want of

Falsehood number three. " other matter,” embracing all the departments “In the matter of price," says the “ Teacher," "it of elocution, practically arranged and illustra- is an established custom of publishers to give 'nomited, the ground-work of every practical and wholesale prices. This may be called the catasuccessful series of Readers, is one of the logue retail price; but it is well known that the many weak points in Hillard's Series.

actual retail price of school books is always much

less than the catalogue price. Yet Mr. Ellsworth has To falsehood number two, the preceding is the disingenuousness to give the catalogue price of believed to be a full and satisfactory refuta- Lillard's Readers, and the actual retail price of the tion.

Progressive Series." As one evidence of a “sorry confession, rel- The writer of the above could not have utative to changes made in Hillard's Readers,” tered a more gross and willful falsehood had he on the part of Messrs. Brewer & Tileston, I just emerged from the depths where “ all liars offer the fact that the author has expunged find their part.” I copied from the publishers' from the late editions of one Reader a certain catalogue the wholesale and retail prices of each immoral and otherwise objectionable piece. I series. Your very “ Truth Viudicated,” Messrs. refer to his selection of “Midshipman's Pranks,” Brewer & Tileston, convicts you of falsein which the dog Shakings is said to take im- hood. See pages 17, 18, and 19. — “ A First proper liberties with an officer's newly polished Class Reader by George S. Hillard, 12mo., boots ; and because this " ugly, dirty beast of 528 pages (a few pages have since been added.)

dog” is expelled from the ship, the old sow Price $1.00, &c. &c.!” and yet you claim and all the pigs on board are put in mourning, that your retail prive, after all, is only 88 cents. by tying bits of black bunting to their legs. You have attempted to draw of attention • The row which ensued in the pig-sty was to this fact, by skulking into a corner, with no prodigious,” &c. &c.“ How debased the mind curtain of honesty to hide your picayune acts, hat can invest so pure and beautiful a pas- and there showing bow many pages of reading age with an impure meaning!” See Truth and other maiter" Hillard's Series furnish Vindicated, page 4.

for “one cent." No such miserable subterfuge The exclusion, also, of a certain sectarian will shield a design conceived in sin and viece, entitled " The Three Friends," may or born in iniquity.” My " catalogue,” “ nompay not offend a few members of our Boston inal,” and “ actual retail price,” is the price I school Committee; while no one would be publish to the world, and the only price I urprised if the omission of the Roman Catho- charge for my books at retail. I have never ic piece of poetry should create opposition in deceived the pupil or the parent by giving nother direction.

“ nominal” prices to enrich the merchant. I The only happy medium, gentlemen, is to do not charge the sum of one dollar on my et such subjects entirely alone, giving high- catalogue to be shown the scholar, for the sake oned moral and practical lessons, and carefully of making friends with the “mammon of unxcluding from your books all pieces from righteousness.” Messrs. Brewer & Tileston rhich inferences of a low, vulgar, and “sen- may make such discounts to the “ trade” as ual character” are sure to be drawn. I care they choose ; this will not protect the pupil from imposition. The following proof of false- good speller, in a much higher perfection. hood number three, will, I trust, be satisfactory The wholesale price of the Progressive Speller to every one:

is also exceedingly low, when compared with BOSTON, Nov. 1, 1862. Worcester's, since it contains nearly double the OLIVER ELLSWORTH, Esq.

number of words embraced in Worcester's Dear Sirs. In answer to your inquiry as to what is large book, and sells for about one-balf the that I understand the retail price of any book to be price. that which the publisher of the book puts in his cata- The little time allowed me for reply to the logue or trade list " which he issues for general two efforts of Messrs. Brewer & Tileston, that wholesale price ; and it is so considered by the have just made their appearance, is my only

trade” everywhere. If it were not so, why publish apology for not going more fully into the proof when a long and short price is given in a circular or of the declarations contained in the “ Ever catalogue, but wholesale and retail prices ?

Exchange” circular, every one of which is true. Reference to the catalogue of Messrs. Harper & Mr. Swan's denial of his remarks to me creates Brothers, Lippincott & Co., D. Appleton & Co., Ticknor & Fields, Little, Brown & Co., R. S. Davis & Co., no surprise in this community. Every teacher Gould & Lincoln, lvison & Phinney, Brewer & Tile- and bookseller in Massachusetts, who has any ston, and, in fact, the catalogue of every publishing personal acquaintance with Mr. Swan, knows house in this country, shows this fact.

(Signed) WILLIAM LEE, that he has many times acknowledged the fact
Formerly, PHILLIPS, SAMPSON & Co. that he is the author or compiler of the Primary
Late, CROSBY, NICHOLS, LEE & Co.

books of Hillard's Series.
Present,
LEE & SHEPARD.

Let us quote Mr. Swan's letter, and comI know no other retail prices for my books than pare the same with the evidence hereafter prevent exorbitant charges, as the general tendency is presented. to exceed the ordinary price in this respect. In the

“ Boston, Sept. 24, 142 opinion expressed by Mr. Lee, I cheerfully concur. “In relation to the statement purporting to be (Signed) JOHN L. SHOREY,

made by Oliver Ellsworth, in regard to Killard's Publisher of Sargent's Standard Series.

Readers, so far as it relates to me, I have to say that it is wholly false. The charge is not only untrue in

itself, but the statement that the facts in regard ta We consider our published retail prices, contained the use of Mr. Hillard's name came from me is also in our catalogue, the usual prices at which our publi- false. cations should be furnished to scholars.

(Signed) " W. D. SWAN." (Sigued) CROSBY & NICHOLS. GOULD & LINCOLN.

Mr. Hillard, in his letter to Messrs. Swan. 1 consider the statement, as made by Mr. Lee, en- Brewer & Tileston, under date of July tirely correct.

1862, says: (Signed) F. A. BROWN.

“ There is something flattering to one's self-love o The undersigned, publishers of Greenleaf's Series the impression that my name is worth buying; bot! of Mathematics, fully concur in the opinion expressed cannot rest silent under the charge of having ka by William Lee.

base enough to sell it. . The readers in goet (Signed) ROBERT S. DAVIS & Co. tion were compiled exclusively by me, with the ezro

tion of the Introduction on Reding, Enunciation, at We coincide in the opinion expressed by William the Training of the Vocal Organs, which appears in (Signed) CROCKER & BREWSTER.

the Second, Third, and Fourth Class Readers, &e.

(Signed) "G. S. HILLARD.** Such an array of testimony as the above, so clearly fastening deception and falsehood upon

I certainly wish to do Mr. Hillard no inju Messrs. Brewer & Tileston, should convince

tice. What I have stated in my “Erea every recipient of a copy of sruth Vindicated,” Exchange" is founded not only upon my ex that something more than their mere assertions versation with Mr. Swan, as stated, and the will be necessary, hereafter, to satisfy the public. evidence of others who have conversed on the But, in the purcbase of Hillard's and Worces- same subject with both of the above-name: ter's books, let school committees demand gentlemen, but on the evidence of those wha fifty per cent. discount" from Messrs. Brewer when this question of veracity comes before a & Tileston's “nominal,” “ catalogue,” - retail proper tribunal, will convince Mr. Hillard prices,” and merchants and booksellers “ govern and Mr. Swan that the assertions made cu themselves accordingly."

my part had their origin in acknowledgment From the “ Teacher," again :

which they themselves have made. I therefore "Indeed, Mr. Ellsworth states some of his prices for a future occasion, trusting that the follos.

retract nothing, reserving my chief evidene less than they actually are. gressive Speller at 13 cents retail, while in many ing proof will assure those who have receivel places it retails at 17 cents, and very rarely less than my former statements, that I have been strietis

truthful in making the same. If the Progressive Speller retails at 15 or even The “ flattery," which Mr. Hillard's 5 sek 17 cents, after my publishing to the world that love ” may have experienced by such as the price is 13 cents, I can only say, that pupils tions, is very properly confined to the indivi get much nearer a full equivalent for their ual himself; and the “ silence,” now broda money than when they purchase Worcester's on his part, under the charge of " harir two spellers, retailing at 38 cents, or even bis been base enough to sell” his name (tlist large speller at 25 cents, for they get a book his language, not mine), gains nothing for containing more of the essential elements of a cause by the crutched defense made, either by

Lee.

15 cents."

mself or one of his former publishers. Such Mr. Swan, while at New Bedford, will explain atements fall to the ground when tested by itself, - the original of which I have seen, le strength of evidence, and that, too, on and can publish if required. It unmasks an le part of one so well known throughout the arrangement I never supposed so many juntry. Therefore, no euology from my pen “ honorable" gentlemen would engage in.

necessary to sustain the high social and The letter emanates from the younger hristian character enjoyed on the part of Tileston, announcing the receipt of one of he Rev. Mr. Tilton. This is but one of many the “ Even Exchange” circulars (which Mr. itnesses I have it in my power to present; Tileston terms · Ellsworth's circular") some ut this, alone, is sufficient to fully sustain the days before its issue from the office of Rand ssertions referred to.

& Avery, printers, and, in fact, before one “ BOSTON, Nov. 8, 1862.

hundred copies of the circular had been

printed. MR. OLIVER ELLSWORTH. · DEAR SIR: In reply to your favor, regarding a

This interesting letter contains the followersonal interview I had with the Hon. George's. ing : “ The Ellsworth circular is not yet lillard, allow me to say, that at the time Hillard's issued. It may be he will change his mind, eries of Readers was being compiled. I called upon and not send it. The person bringing us the Ir. Hillard, and incidentally referred to the books in uestion, calling his attention to Webster's orthogra- copy does not wish to be known in the matter." hy as being the standard, and generally adopted The letter is in the hand-writing of the young fit would not be to his advantage to adopt the Web- gentleman referred to; but, fortunately for rad nothing to do with that matter; that he was only has not yet returned.” terian orthography: Mr. Hillard remarked that he another party, notice is given that “fatherúding Mr. Swan in compiling the Readers, and that he lid not know that he should have anything to do Messrs. Brewer & Tileston publish the vote vith the series beyond the books then published.

“ Yours truly,

of the Boston School Committee in reference

“D. TILTON." to the Progressive Speaker" (by D. B. TowFrom Messrs. Brewer & Tileston's " TRUTH er), by which a few books of that number of VINDICATED":

the Progressive Series, then used in a few of the

East Boston schools, have been displaced by “ A correction of SUNDRY FALSEHOODS and MISREP- Hillard's First Class Reader. But they do RESENTATIONs in a circular signed by OLIVER ELLSWORTH, and addressed to SCHOOL SUPERVISORS, not inform the public, that within the past COMMITTEES, and TEACHERS of the State of Maine. year the Hon. William D. Swan, then one of Tilton's testimony), will settle the matter regarding called upon D. B. Tower, of this city, author

The following letter, corroborating the above, (Mr. the publishers of Hillard's Series of Readers, the statement alleged to have been made" by MR. ELLSWORTH:

of the - Progressive Speaker," to engage

his hand and employ the workings of his brains to

November - 1862. revise his (Swan's) old Readers. HOLIVER ELLSWORTH, Esq.

If Mr. Swan's ideas were very exalted in Dear Sir : In reply to your letter of the-- inst., I regard to the practicality of Hillard's books, Swan said about Hillard's Readers. My impression why not employ the gentleman who has lately is that he said that he himself prepared several of the announced that he “ alone is responsible for lower books of the series, and that Mr. Hillard had the contents” of Hillard's Readers as they nothing to do with the preparation of the series except with one or two of the higher books.

originally appeared ? What did Mr. Hillard I have no wish in any way to become involved in say soon after the Critic Criticised”, was this controversy. Yours respectfully,

issued ? Not until the corrections had been

made in his Readers to the extent of adopting I, Oliver Ellsworth, of the city of Boston, Publisher, on oath

declare and say, that the above is a true nearly every suggestion found in the “Critic, copy of a letter received by me from one of the most and not until sufficient time had elapsed since prominent educational men of New England. I with its issue to bring about a general change in hold the name of the writer on account of the wish expressed by him in the letter itself.

the appointment of new men as members of OLIVER ELLSWORTH. school committees in various towns, has Mr. 1 hereby certify that the above is a true copy (ex- Hillard been heard from; neither have the cept the omission of date and signature) of the origi- publishers, so commendable for their sagacity, nal letter as compared by me this day. November **

until now, attempted a reply.
(Signed)

W. W. COWLES, Have Messrs. Brewer & Tileston informed
Notary Public.

those who have been the favored recipients of ** Truth Vindicated” is a worthless, slander- a copy of “ Truth Vindicated,” as well as a ing apology, --- avoiding the question at issue, copy of the “Teacher” referred to, that Dr. or else elevating old ones in such forms as to Brewer, a member of that "firm,” is a membe easily stripped of their disguise. None ber of the Boston School Committee ? Have but those akin to old **Original Sin ” would they intimated that this same gentleman has issue a “ hand-bill” containing such an array button-holed nearly every teacher in this of self-convicting evidence.

vicinity using the Progressive Speaker, and The system of espionage, the late “ firm ” of very - disinterestedly”

urged the adoption

of Swan, Brewer & Tileston have carried on, has an inferior book, known by the "flattering” given them an undue advantage over me in title of Hillard's First Class Reader ? Has procuring early reports. A letter directed to any notice been given that the Boston schools,

1802.

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