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BRIEF ANALYSIS. To show the Geographical Spread of the Gospel. Part III.--The Church of the Uncircumcised : Growth of

Gentile Christianity.
(a) The First Missionary Journey (xiii.-xiv.).

New Ground: Cyprus, Pamphylia, Southern Galatia.
The Journey is marked by the growth of Jewish hostility,

but the favour of the Roman governor in Cyprus. (b) Council of Jerusalem (xv. 1-35).

The Relation of the Gentile to the Law of Moses settled. (c) The Second Missionary Journey (xv. 36–xviii. 22). New Ground : Entrance into Europe: Macedonia and

Further development of Jewish opposition, but Roman

protection. (d) The Third Missionary Journey (xviii. 23–xxi. 16). New Ground : Asia, with its chief city Ephesus, and the

neighbouring cities. (The short visit of Paul to Ephesus at the close of the

previous journey and the work of Apollos form part of

the work at Ephesus.) Part IV.—Paul, the Prisoner. (a) Paul at Jerusalem : His Defence to the Jews (xxi. 16–

xxiii. 35). (b) Paul at Cæsarea : His Defence before Felix, Festus

and Herod Agrippa II. (xxiv.-xxvi.). (c) The Voyage to Rome (xxvii.-xxviii. 15). (d) Paul at his goal, Rome, the capital of the Empire

(xxviii. 16–31). Jewish Hostility centres itself on Paul.

APPEARANCE OF THE LORD. Paul twice relates the story of the appearance of Jesus to him on the road to Damascus (xxii. 7 ff. ; xxvi. 13 ff.).


To Paul at Corinth assuring him of safety (xviii. 9–10).
To Paul in the Temple, after his return from Damascus,

sending him to the Gentiles(xxii. 17-21).
To Paul, at Jerusalem, after his arrest, assuring him that

he will“ bear witness also in Rome" (xxiii. 11). OTHER VISIONS. The Man of Macedonia appears to Paul at Troas call

ing him to come over and help us (xvi. 9-10). An angel to Paul on the voyage assuring him of the

safety of all (xxvii. 23–24).

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At Paphos : Elymas struck with blindness (xiii. II).

Lystra : Healing of the Cripple (xiv. 8–10).
Philippi : The Girl possessed healed (xvi. 16–18).
Ephesus : Special miracles worked (xix. 11-12).
Troas : Eutychus restored to life (xx. 9-10).
Melita : The father of Publius healed of dysentery
(xxviii. 8).

CHRONOLOGY. St. Luke gives us no definite dates in the Acts, but in c. xii. he mentions the death of Herod Agrippa I. which took place in 44 A.D.

This gives us a date to start the second half; beside this we know that Gallio was at Corinth in 52 A.D., and that the edict banishing the Jews from Rome was

in 49.


Felix became Procurator of Judæa in 52, and Festus followed him in 57. This enables us to date the chief events in the second part with a fair amount of accuracy : A.D. 44.

Barnabas and Paul come to Jerusalem

with alms. A.D. 45–7.

First Missionary Journey.
A.D. 48. Council at Jerusalem.
A.D. 49.

Claudius' Decree, banishing the Jews

from Rome. A.D. 49-52.

Second Missionary Journey. A.D. 53-7.

Third Missionary Journey.
A.D. 57

Last visit of Paul to Jerusalem.
A.D. 57–59. Paul in prison at Cæsarea.
A.D. 59.

Voyage to Rome.
A.D. 59-61. Paul a prisoner at Rome. End of the


xiii. 33.

xiii. 34.


Thou art my Son, this day have I," etc

Ps. ii. 7. (Of Jesus, declared to be God's

Son by the Resurrection.)
I will give you the sure mercies of,” etc.

Isa. lv. 3. (Of the Resurrection.)
Thou shalt not suffer thine Holy,” etc.

Ps. xvi. 10. (Of the Resurrection.)
Behold ye despisers, and wonder,” etc.

Hab. i. 5. (Of the rejection of the Gospel

by the Jews.) “ I have set thee to be a light of the,” etc.

Isa. xlix. 6. (Of preaching the Gospel to the Gentiles.)

xiii. 35.

xiii. 41.

xiii. 47

At Rome. xxviii. 26. “ Go thou unto this people,” etc.

Isa. vi. 9-10. (Of the rejection of the

Gospel by the Jews.) By JAMES : At the Council. xv. 16, 17. After this I will return,” etc.

Amos ix. II, 12. (Of God's calling the

Gentiles.) *** Most of the quotations come from the Greek Translation of the O.T. known as the Septuagint (LXX.).




ACTS xxii. 4-16. (R.V.)

ACTS xxvi. 9-18. (R.V.) But Saul, yet breathing threatening and slaughter against 4 And I persecuted this Way unto the death, 9 I verily thought with myself, that I 2 the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest, and asked binding and delivering into prisons both ought to do many things contrary to the

of him letters to Damascus unto the synagogues, that if he 5 men and women. As also the high priest 10 name of Jesus of Nazareth. And this I

found any that were of the Way, whether men or women, he doth bear me witness, and all the estate of also did in Jerusalem : and I both shut 3 might bring them bound to Jerusalem. And as he journeyed, the elders : from whom also I received up many of the saints in prisons, having

it came to pass that he drew nigh unto Damascus : and letters unto the brethren, and journeyed to received authority from the chief priests,

suddenly there shone round about him a light out of heaven : Damascus, to bring them also which were and when they were put to death, I gave 4 and he fell upon the earth, and heard a voice saying unto him, there unto Jerusalem in bonds, for to be II my vote against them. And punishing 5 Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? And he said, Who 6 punished. And it came to pass, that, as them oftentimes in all the synagogues,

art thou, Lord ? And he said, I am Jesus whom thou perse- I made my journey, and drew nigh unto I strove to make them blaspheme; and 6 cutest : but rise, and enter into the city, and it shall be told Damascus, about noon, suddenly there shone being exceedingly mad against them, 7 thee what thou must do. And the men that journeyed with from heaven a great light round about me. I persecuted them even unto foreign

him stood speechless, hearing the voice, but beholding no 7 And I fell unto the ground, and heard a 12 cities. Whereupon as I journeyed to
8 man. And Saul arose from the earth, and when his eyes were voice saying unto me, Saul, Saul, why Damascus with the authority and com-

opened, he saw nothing; and they led him by the hand, 8 persecutest thou me ? And I answered, 13 mission of the chief priests, at midday,
9 and brought him into Damascus. And he was three days Who art thou, Lord ? And he said unto me, O king, I saw on the way a light from
Io without sight, and did neither eat nor drink. Now there was I am Jesus of Nazareth, whom thou perse- heaven, above the brightness of the sun,
a certain disciple at Damascus, named Ananias; and the

9 cutest. And they that were with me beheld shining round about me and them that
Lord said unto him in a vision, Ananias. And he said, Behold indeed the light, but they heard not the 14 journeyed with me. And when we were
II I am here, Lord. And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go 10 voice of him that spake to me. And I said, all fallen to the earth, I heard a voice
to the street which is called Straight, and enquire in the What shall I do, Lord ? And the Lord saying

unto me in the Hebrew language,
house of Judas for one named Saul, a man of Tarsus : for said unto me, Arise, and go into Damascus; Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me?
12 behold, he prayeth ; and he hath seen a man named Ananias and there it shall be told thee of all things it is hard for thee to kick against the

coming in, and laying his hands on him, that he might receive II which are appointed for thee to do. And 15 goad. And I said, Who art thou, Lord ? 13 his sight. But Ananias answered, Lord, I have heard from when I could not see for the glory of that light, And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom

many of this man, how much evil he did to thy saints at being led by the hand of them that were 16 thou persecutest. But arise, and stand 14 Jerusalem : and here he hath authority from the chief priests 12 with me, I came into Damascus. And one upon thy feet : for to this end have I 15 to bind all that call upon thy name. But the Lord said unto Ananias, a devout man according to the law, appeared unto thee, to appoint thee

him, Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear well reported of by all the Jews that dwelt a minister and a witness both of the

my name before the Gentiles and kings, and the children of 13 there, came unto me, and standing by me things wherein thou hast seen me, and
16 Israel: for I will shew him how many things he must suffer said unto me, Brother Saul, receive thy of the things wherein I will appear
17 for my name's sake. And Ananias departed, and entered sight. And in that very hour I looked up 17 unto thee; delivering thee from the

into the house; and laying his hands on him said, Brother 14 on him. And he said, The God of our fathers people, and from the Gentiles, un to
Saul, the Lord, even Jesus, who appeared unto thee in the way hath appointed thee to know his will, and to 18 whom I send thee, to open their eyes,

which thou camest, hath sent me, that thou mayest receive see the Righteous One, and to hear a voice that they may turn from darkness to 18 thy sight, and be filled with the Holy Ghost. And straightway 15 from his mouth. For thou shalt be a witness light, and from the power of Satan unto

there fell from his eyes as it were scales, and he received his for him un to all men of what thou hast God, that they may receive remission 19 sight; and he arose and was baptized ; and he took food and 16 seen and heard. And now why tarriest of sins and an inheritance among

was strengthened. And he was certain days with the disciples thou ? arise, and be baptized, and wash them that are sanctified by faith in which were at Damascus.

away thy sins, calling on his name.





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TOW there were in the church that was at

Antioch certain prophets and teachers; as

Barnabas, and Simeon that was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which had been

brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul. 2 As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the

Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul 3 for the work whereunto I have called them. And

when they had fasted and prayed, and laid their hands on them, they sent them away.

II. CYPRUS (xiii. 4-12.) (a) Salamis, with John Mark as Attendant through the Island to Paphos (4, 5).

(b) Paphos : First Statement of the Gospel to a Roman Official 6–12).

(a) Salamis (4, 5.) 4 So they, being sent forth by the Holy Ghost,

departed unto Seleucia ; and from thence they 1. R.V., Now there were 2. Ministered : i.e., in the at Antioch, in the church that public services of the Church was there. The use of the and the special work of word church shows the preaching and teaching. growth of the com ommunity : it

Fasted. The early Chriswas now a church, an or

tians kept Wednesday and ganized body.

Friday. Simeon. R.V., Symeon. The name Niger may have Separate me. been for use when mixing with ality of the Holy Spirit is the Greeks. Some writers here clearly shewn. wish to identify him with the 3. R. V., Then, thus Simon of Cyrene who carried

marking that what follows the cross (Luke xxiii. 26).

was the consequence of the Lucius of Cyrene. (Comp. Spirit's intimation. xi. 20 ; and Rom. xvi. 21.) Man a en. The Hebrew

The threefold act of the name would be “ Menahem.”

service of dedication to this The R.V. describes him as

new work should be noted : The foster-brother of Herod

fasting, prayer, and the laying the tetrarch. The term is a

on of hands (comp. vi. 16.) court title meaning

4. R.V., Went down to intimate friend.”

Seleucia. The port of The Tetrarch. Herod An- Antioch. Cyprus was only tipas; the Herod who be- a few hours' sail with a headed John the Baptist. favourable wind.

The person



5 sailed to Cyprus. And when they were at Salamis,

they preached the word of God in the synagogues of the Jews : and they had also John to their minister.




7. The

(6) Paphos: First statement of the Gospel to a Roman

official (6-12.) 6 And when they had gone through the isle unto

Paphos, they found a certain sorcerer, a false 7 prophet, a Jew, whose name was Bar-jesus : Which

was with the deputy of the country, Sergius Paulus, a prudent man; whọ called for Barnabas and Saul, Cyprus. The message of A certain sorcerer, a false the Lord had already been prophet, a Jew. The gravity carried there after the death of the sin lay in the fact that, of Stephen (xi. 19); and a Jew, he had the true of Cyprus

knowledge of God. The mentioned in connection with presence of these men is the Church in Antioch ; Bar- always remarked in the nabas also came from there. Acts : we have already had 5. Salamis. N.E. of the

Simon of Samaria ; later island. The use of the plural

on we shall meet with the synagogues "shows it had

sons of Sceva (xix. 13). a large colony of Jews; the Apostles go, as St. Paul always

Bar-jesus. R.V., Bar-Jesus does, to the synagogue (ix. 20).

= son of Jesus. John to their minister.

the R.V., As their attendant.

deputy of

country, Sergius Paulus, a John Mark is mentioned

prudent man. R.V. reads here to show that he had

The proconsul, Sergius been chosen by the two

Paulus, a man of underApostles, not by the Holy

standing. The Roman proSpirit, as they themselves

vinces under the Emperor had been. St. Mark may have been the one employed

Augustus were divided into

Imperial and Senatorial : as catechist to instruct the

Cyprus was at first under candidates for Baptism ; or

the Emperor ; in B.C. have acted

Augustus transferred it to dragoman who would make

the Senate; it would therethe travelling arrangements

fore have a proconsul. The and get accommodation.

name of the man and the (Larger Manual on St. Mark,

Greek term used have been p. 14.)

found in Cyprus. 6. When they had gone through the isle. R.V., The

R.V., The same called unto whole island. They made a

him. An official command. missionary journey, visiting The first occasion on which all the various places on the the Apostles set forth the route.

Gospel before the reprePaphos. Nea Paphos, the sentative of the Emperor. chief town, now called Baffa. Under the Roman governSt. Luke's accurate know- ment all religions were comledge of the political world is pelled to be licensed, and the shown here. We know from

pro-consul may have wished other sources that this was to learn what this the head - quarters of the

teaching was, and its relation governor.

to the Jewish faith.


he may



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