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[The Commissioner speaks a word for our State It is time that the friends of virtue and humanity journal.]

should unite and act in concert, and with a deterAN EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL.

mined energy, till this evil is entirely eradicated.

Parents and teachers especially should co-operate As one of the means for keeping alive public in- in every measure the exigency of the times deterest in the cause of our common schools, and as mands. It is not necessary that I should enlarge an organ of communication between instructors upon this subject. All must know and feel its surand the people, the R. I. SCHOOLMASTER, a month- passing importance. ly publication, is a very important and valuable Additional accommodations for Grammar school agency. It is a register for marking the new pha- scholars are much needed in the Sixth and Seventh ses of education in other States. It presents also Wards. The Bridgham School is now crowded. a condensed statement of what occurs in Rhode There have been admitted the past year 29 more Island in matters pertaining to schools, institutes scholars than are seats in the building, and there and teachers. I trust that the fostering care of are at the present time about 40 pupils qualified to our State will never be withheld from the RHODE enter a Grammar School, that cannot be received ISLAND SCHOLMASTEE. The resident editors are for the want of room. The most economical arMessrs. J. J. Ladd and N. W. DeMunn, assisted rangement that could be made, would be to en. by twelve associates. These gentlemen are wed- large the Summer Street house, after the model of ded to the cause of education, editing this publi- the Arnold and Benefit street houses. The Federcation gratis, thus proving that they work, not for al Street Primary School is also very much crowdthe emoluments, but from a devotion to the cause. ed. The two teachers have about 80 scbolars each. Surely, no one can charge them with loving the If an additional teacher were appointed to this dowry rather than the bride.

school, it would afford all the assistance that is

needed at the present time. Notwithstanding the Quarterly Report of the Superintendent of enlargement of the Benefit Street house, more acPublic Schools, Providence.

commodations will be required soen in Ward One.

The evening schools, which have just closed, PROVIDENCE, Feb. 12th, 1862. have been eminently successful, more so, I think, To the School Committee of the City of Providence : than ever before. The Committee secured the ser

GENTLEMEN :- It is my pleasing duty to report vices of the very best teachers that could be obthe undiminished prosperity of our schools. The tained, and the results are of the most gratifying results of the examinations recently made, afford character, such as ought to convince the most the most gratifying evidence, that in most of the skeptical of the necessity of maintaining liberally departments of study there has been a very com- these schools, as a part of our public school sysmendable proficiency the past term. In Grammar tem. The number of applicants has been more particularly, the examination has never been equal than 1500, but only 1000 could be received into the led. There are, however, yet a few schools that six schools that have been opened. The average ought to be made better. Either through the un-attendance for the term has been about 700. faithfulness or the incompetency of teachers they The whole number admitted into all our schools are not what they should be. It is true that some is 7892. Of these 3289 have been received into the schools are unfavorably, affected by local circum- Primary, 2189 into the Intermediate, 2109 into the stances, but after making all due allowance for Grammar, and 305 into the High School. these, there are schools that might and ought to All which is respectfully submitted, be better, and it is the fault of the teacher that

DANIEL LEACH, they are not. There is no more difficult and ardu

Superintendent Public Schools. ous labor than faithful teaching; and to do this successfully, a teacher must devote himself to it with all his energies. An indolent, indifferent or

Our Book Table. incompetent teacher ought not to be tolerated in a school-room. The work to be performed there is THE FIFTH READER OF THE SCHOOL AND Famitoo sacred to be entrusted to such hands.

LY SERIES. By Marcius Willson. Published The daily routine of the recitations is but a small by Harper & Brothers, New York. part of the work of a teacher. The instilling of correct principles of action, the moulding and

We have taken occasion to speak of this series forming of character, is one of the highest duties of Readers several times, and yet we think the that can be performed. And this must ever be dis- great merit of the series demands a constant nocharged with a conscientious fidelity to the trust tice from those who would desire to see adopted in imposed upon them. The office of a teacher is too often sought after as a means of obtaining a livli- all our schools such reading books as shall comhood, without regard to the responsibilities attach- bine instruction in the art of reading with that ed to it. In some of our schools an undue prominence is we have the plan of the author fully carried out

which will convey interesting and useful knowledge. given to a few studies to the neglect of others of equal, if not greater importance. Penmanship in the Fifth Book of the Series. It contains all and composition have not in all cases received that the variety, both of prose and poetry, that is an attention in school which their importance de essential requisite of a good reading-book for admands. The ability to use knowledge with facility and effectively is certainly the most valuable canced pupils. acquisition of a scholar. And this ought to be re- Part I. contains a full elucidation of the higher garded as the highest test of excellence or superi- principles of elocution. Part XI. has selections ority of pupils in every school. There are subjects connected with the best wel

in poetry and prose relating to ancient history. fare of our schools that ought not to be passed ov- The illustrations in natural history surpass anyer at this time in silence. I refer to the means thing heretofore published in a similar form. The and measures that are being used to corrupt the admirable system of object teaching has a friend youth when out of school. But few are aware of the temptations by which the young are assailed and co-worker in this series of Readers. If teachon all sides. But few know of the artful and fienders and educators will but examine this new series, ish plots that are laid to entrap the unsuspecting. they will be satisfied of its great merits,


Object Methods of Instruction. Fordyce Allen. all the Latin Prose necessary for entering Col. J. B Lippincott & Co., publishers.

lege, with references to Kuhner's and Andrew's Nearly every month we are called upon to ex. Latin Grammars, Notes, critical and explanatoamine and present the merits of new geographies.

ry, a Vocabulary and a Geographical and His.

torical Index. By J. H. Hanson, A. M., PrinciThey all have merits, some more and some less. pai of the High School for Boys, Portland, Me. Great advance has been made in the preparation Second Edition. Boston : Crosby, Nichols, Lee of text-books for our schools, and long ago it seem

& Company, 117 Washington street. 1861. ed that nothing more was needed in the way of

This is a fruit of many years' experience in the geographies, but the improvements were not to

work of preparing boys for college, and in the manbenefit the "little ones.” They are too often for- ner in which the se'ections have been made we see

The selections gotten in the struggle to advance the older classes, evidence of a ripe classical taste. and the study of geography has always been par

from “Eclogue Ciceronianae" are highly approticularly forbidding to them. What wonder when priate for the opening drill of the student. The we consider the unintelligible manner in which it selections from “De Bello Gallico” are among

the most graphic of those commentaries, and elicit has been presented to them. Every new geography has been a step in preparation for the coming much labor and study into the more intricate synof a better day, which day begins to dawn. Child-tax of the language. We have the Select Orations ren must learn from observation, through the me

of Cicero against Cataline and others, together dium of their senses, and we are glad to find this with those entertaining models of Latin purity, fact made the basis of their text-books at last. the “ Epustolae Ciceronis." There are ample reFrom primary schools we would banish all text

ferences at the foot of the page, which are made books, couid we see them furnished with teachers to the Revised Editions of Andrew's and Kuhner's

Latin Grammars. The former of these works capable of studying and imparting the lessons of nature. Much has been written and said in favor needs no remark. Their excellency has been testof the object method of instruction, which is next

ed by thousands. The latter deserves a better acto nature, and the only reasonable way in which to quaintance than it enjoys with many of our schol

ars. This book has a good vocabulary and valuareach a child's mind. As objects and pictures are

ble notes. the most agreeable, so they are the most effectual

We have not seen a book of the kind means of fixing instruction, and we are delighted

which promises a larger accepance with our clasto see a geography made upon this basis. Tech- sical teachers than this. nicalities are thrown away. The child is taken by the hand and led forth to look upon the world MANUAL OF AGRICULTURE. For the School, the around him. He sees first of all things his rela

Farm and the Fireside. By George B. Emerson

and Charles L. Flint. The former gentleman is tion to the world; the sources of all his pleasures,

the well-known author of "A Report on the and the means given him for their enjoyment. We Trees and Shrubs of Massachusetts." The latquote from the introduction : “ We live in a beau- ter is the very learned Secretary of the State tiful world! We see the blue sky, the clear waters

Board of Agriculture, as well as the author of

several treatises upon “Milch Cows," " Grasses and the green trees. We smell the fragrant flow- and Plants," &c., &c. Published under the sancers and scented shrubs. We hear the joyous songs

tion of the State Board of Agriculture. Boston: of birds, the charming sounds of music and the

Swan, Brewer & Tileston, 131 Washington street.

1862. voices of those we love. We taste delicious fruits

This little text-book has given us great encourand wholesome food. We feel the chilling snows, the passing winds and the warming fires. Seeing, ricultural science, which has hitherto been, in a

agement, since it opens to us the great field of ag. smelling, hearing, tasting and feeling are our five senses ; nearly all our knowledge comes through the science of tilling the soil properly as the moth

scientific manner, but little explored. We regard these senses. We learn most things through sight; and this book with its pretty pictures and easy les

er of all practical sciences. After perusing this

work, I think the farmer will not drop his potatoes sons, has been made to please and instruct us."

into whatever soil he may chance to have ploughed THE CAROL. A New and Complete Music Book or nearest, but will put the seed where the soil has

of Instruction and Practice for Schools and elements which are adapted to the growth and nuAcademies. By William B. Bradbury: Pub- trition of it. The chemistry of agriculture is lished by Ivison, Phinney & Co., Nos, 48 and 50 Walker street, New York,

doubtless destined to take a prominent place in Here is really an addition to the world of musi- our schools and colleges. This book is highly encal books. Not simply a compilation from other tertaining as a pastime, and will richly repay a peand older books, but a new book. It is a book that rusal. Every farmer must seek for some such aid is eminently progressive in its arrangement-just in these days of progress. the book to awaken new life and interest in the study of music. We commend it to the notice of We will furnish THE SCHOOLMASTER. and the teachers and pupils. It will be found to contain a Atlantic Monthly or Harpers' Magazine for the fine collection of pieces.

subscription price ($3.00) of either monthly.

The R. J. Schoolmaster.

APRIL, 1862.



For the Schoolmaster.

great happiness. In spite of my experience, I. Vacations.

find myself every quarter beguiled into this vain

expectation. It is not that time hangs heavily CHEILON, one of the Seven Wise Men of on our hands, and we need diversion, but the Greece, must have put forth a special effort of mind is various, and intent on a vague, grand his wisdom, in order to produce the following purpose, as a whole, while it does not condemaxim :-"

-“ Three things are difficult : to keep scend to grapple with any one of the multifarious a secret, to bear an injury patiently, and to spend tasks on which the execution of the great purleisure well.” From his skillful use of the cli- pose depends. Divide et impera" is the only max in this profound saying,– to say nothing way to become learned and powerful. Our first of the presumptive evidence furnished by his and childish glimpse of intellectual or of mategreat reputation among the ancients for wis- rial acquisitions is of their focal points, which dom,- we may infer the hypothesis, that Chei- kindle aspiration. But we learn that we shall lon, like Homer, Tyrtaeus and Plutarch, was a never do more than gaze, unless we are willing schoolmaster, and had quarterly vacations. For to follow out singly, and with unwearied persisdoes he not in his third hard thing, give the ve- tency, each of the convergent rays, till our plans ry sum and essence of what many teachers now issue nobly in the realization of what had been find most difficult ?

waking dreams. It is not the star-gazer that The old sage expressed a bitter pedagogic ex- discovers the asteroids, but the working asperience. I have almost learned to dread vaca- tronomer, who scans the small field of his teletions, and to deem myself happy if I can get scope night after night till he knows the heathrough them with sound mind and body. Oth-vens. er men constantly expect their leisure, either in I am always exercised with a host of such old age or when they shall have amassed a for- chimerical notions towards the end of vacations, tune. But we teachers are periodically idle. and during the two or three weeks that they are The common misery of the retired business man, fresh in mind; and I am gratified to find these who finds his leisure endless ennui, is ours four summa bona of teachers' lives gradually becomtimes a year, unless we learn an art which is ing to me less a matter of perplexity and disusually deemed almost impossible. Montaigne content. The dolce far niente may be set to tells us that he anticipated great results from his Italian notes, which may be played on flutes. retirement to his pleasant country estate, but But American music should express far other that, when there, he found occasion to apply significance, to the sound of bugles and drums. the words of Lucan:

I like better the American style. The good of Variam semper dant otia mentem.

vacations must be worked out; the harder the

toil, the more good. This " various mind" is the difficulty. Our reg- This does not look like a solution of the probular work is so monotonous, that we are tempted lem, how to spend leisure well, but rather like to look forward to a mere cessation of it as a'a denial of leisure itself. In fact, we, by ng means, acknowledge otium, if it means doing increasing property, he does not, usually, come nothing, but insist on negotium, or no doing noth- in contact with even the coarser forms of the ing. But a rest from one's established business material activity of the world, by which the is commonly reckoned as leisure ; and this we manners of so many men are rounded into the are far from denying. On the contrary, we es- poor outward semblance, at least, of cosmopoteem it an essential element of our life. The litan liberality. This topic is not worth long reason why it is essential, is not because it of- discourse. fers rest or relaxation, but because it affords us The genuine man is the product of a myriad great help in resisting the tendency to become influences, which flow to him through channels confined to one way of thinking and acting;

as numerous as the pores of the skin. If the the tendency to become narrower partialists channels are all free, symmetry is the result, and than men with five senses and average brains we behold such a man as Goethe, who made it ought to become. The most important result the study of his life to win blessings from things to me of every term of my teaching, is that it of good report and things of evil report. I leaves me oppressed with an incubus which it should now pronounce culture as my topic, were is the paramount concern of vacation to throw I not chary of the use of that word, which has off and render me as capable as I was before. come of late to carry rather a dubious meaning. Teaching is so trifling a portion of my life, that I would speak briefly of the teacher's reception I do not care to buy its special experience at of influences, and even of his search of them, the expense of the numberless other experiences, so far as these depend on the finding of time without which I shall be a pitiable automaton and opportunity. among men. “Happy he," — wrote a discon

The pupil excuses his failure by saying that tented schoolmaster in the blue days of the last he did not have time to learn his lessons. The May vacation, — “ Happy he who can say vaco, teacher frowns incredulous. Very probably I am empty, and yet be full in soul. Mechani- that teacher, standing stationary where his cal persons, like machines, rust when they are school-days left him, conscious of accumulated stopped. Genuine persons, like fruits, ripen sins of laziness, justifies himself with the same lying in the sun. It would be fine if every one

plea of want of time. The plea is valid to a naturally found new work with each new day. great extent, but will not go the length of covThen we should respect all sorts of human

ering all the lukewarmness that it is meant to handiwork and headwork, and should become

excuse. Ten weeks versus forty-two, with all polished on many sides. But after doing the the Saturdays and Sundays thrown in :- in same thing on two consecutive days, we are pre- such an amount of leisure, one would think, we judiced in favor of it the third day, and would teachers might go far towards multiplying our rather do it than any new thing. I know grand modes of being and thinking. But if there is business men who, out of their element, wad

any deficiency of intellectual earnestness in our dle like ducks ; and fine grammarians who, in

profession, it probably arises from inferior stock, the street, talk with ridiculous weakness.”

rather than from any peculiarity of our work. Except for keeping that little school, of what Earnestness is success. It will not be thwarted. avail are you, O teacher, for any ends of beauty Apathy, deadness to impressions, lack of imor nobleness on earth? That school has not pulses, this is fatal to the man, though indiswon for you reputation and salary that you pensable to the machine. This prime excellence should carry off the booty scot free. On all that asserts itself wherever it exists, but will not you have exported thence you have probably come on solicitation. Whoever deserves to bepaid heavy duties, and, may be, you are now come wise, will become wise ;-nay, is wise now. well nigh bankrupt.

A dilettante culture cannot find time to read its It seems to be a common opinion that the books, take its music lessons, and learn its teacher is somewhat more apt to wear for him- French; nor would find time, though it had fifself a groove, from which he cannot turn ty-two weeks' leisure each year. It is true that aside, than men of other occupations. This the harvest of our daily duties must be reaped notion was formed in times quite different from in the school-room, and that what we can do the present, but it has not yet become a vulgar more than that must be mere gleanings. But error. Unless the teacher be actuated by greed this latter must be done, while we must not or necessity, and so mingles a little in the pe- leave the other undone. Values are here incuniary speculations, and the manifold ways of versely proportional to bulks.

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I offer these suggestions because it has seem

For the Schoolmaster.

The Teacher's Grave. ed to me that the body of teachers is somewhat remiss in the duty of intellectual progress. The

Stood there beneath the stately elm tree's shade, nature of our business offers the presumption Upon a wooded slope, a cottage home. that we are of superior intellectual cultivation. Midsummer's rays had ope'd in fullest bloom It is not of great moment that we take pains to The graceful buds, which o'er the cottage door make good this presumption. But whether we The Prairie Queen from mid its leaves put forth ; know and pursue our best good, or yield our And through the lattice on the breeze there stole spirits to indolence; whether we respect our ca- The grateful fragrance of full many a flow'r, pabilities sufficiently to tempt them onward by His senses to regale whose watchful care exercise, or ignore our powers as if they were Had fostered them since first from earth they sprang. not; whether we have faith in the soul, or only As on the breezes borne the odor came, in prudence and habits ; this is a matter of the With sweetest smile his pallid cheek was lit,

And murmured he, with tones that scarce were very highest moment to every man or woman.


“The flowers I loved, the flowers remember me." Music an Amusement of the Home.

To her, who sat the sufferer's couch beside, What shall the amusements of the home be? And laved with gentle hand the fevered brow, When there are the ability and taste, I regard of ever living green my eyes shall greet,

Continued he,“ Soon, soon the verdant fields music as combining in happiest proportions in

And fadeless flowers whose bloom eternal is, struction and pleasure, as standing at the head My senses shall forevermore regale." of the home evening enjoyments. What a ne- And still he spake such words of holy hope, ver failing resource have those homes which of heavenly peace and confidence in God, God has blessed with this gift! How many That as he pictured heav'n's eternal joys, pleasant family circles gather nightly about the Its golden streets, its pearly gates, its founts piano ! how many a home is vocal with the Of crystal clearness flowing ever on, voice of song or psalm! In other days, in how Its music from the angel choir on high,many village homes the father's viol led the do- Though well she knew the golden bowl of life mestic harmony, and sons with clarinet or flute Full fast was loos’ning, yet she scarce could weep,

Was well nigh broke, and that the silver cord or manly voice, and daughters sweetly and so great his triumph in this closing hour. clearly filling in the intervals of sound, made a A moment, and his work, his cares on earth, are joyous noise! There was then no piano, to the o'er, homes of this generation the great, the univer- His sorrows, pains, forever at an end. sal boon and comforter. One pauses and bless. No more his hand shall toll the school-house bell, es it, as he hears it through the open farm-house That called from banks to benches mirthful youth ; window, or detects its sweetness stealing out No more his voice implore the grace divine amid the jargons of the city — an angel's beni- To aid him day by day to train aright

The precious charge entrusted to his care ; son upon a wilderness of discord, soothing the

No more, when they their lessons shall recite, weary brain, lifting the troubled spirit, pouring He'll smooth the rugged path to those who climb, fresh strength into the tired body, waking to With toiling step, the scientific hill; worship, lulling to rest. Touched by the hand His gentle words of counsel nevermore we love, a mother, sister, wife, - say, is it not Shall point them to the way of truth and love. a ministrant of love to child, to man - a household deity, now meeting our moods, answering Are those who, when in life, had called him friend.

Now gathered in beneath the cottage roof to our needs, sinking to depths we cannot fath- They are not those who come in gilded hacks, om, rising to heights we cannot reach, leading, with liv'ried servants to attend their wants ; guiding, great and grand and good, and now But simple, unpretending friends who knew stooping to our lower wants, the frolic of our And prized the worth of him who slept within souls reverberating from its keys? The home The cypress casket on the table there. that has a piano, what capacity for evening plea- Among the group, with saddened faces, stood sure and profit has it! Aias ! that so many The little band of scholars now bereft wives and mothers should speak of their ability of him who had been friend and teacher too. to play as a mere accomplishment of the past, But felt the sorrow that their looks betrayed.

Not one of all who gathered round the dead, and that children should grow up looking on There was no call for borrowed grief, no need the piano as a thing unwisely kept for company of tears forced out by those who might become and show.-Rev. J. F. W. WARE.

Possessors of rich earthly treasure now.

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