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on foot, of any such expedition, and it necessarily much whether, in the whole struggle, the idea ever Shall he be selected for this honor because, instead condemns all preparatory steps by which such a entered into his mind of a broadcast sowing of of landing on our shores quietly, as they have result is to be produced. If they do not fall within liberal principles and equal rights among his coun- done, and enjoying the hospitality, he has occuthe provisions of the statute, so as to be punishable | trymen. He wished to establish an independent | pied his time in inflammatory addresses to the by law, they certainly and indubitably are morally State and Nation under the supremacy of the people? Is this a reason why he should be singled criminal in their character.
Magyar race; leaving the Sclavonians and other out from his fellows in captivity, and have alone What does this gentleman (Kossuth) want these inferior castes to occupy the position that they had this distinguished honor? Whatever we do for the fellow-citizens of ours to commit themselves to ? before occupied when the kingdom was connected one, in the way of honor and compliment, let us Why to this: that this country shall furnish the with Austria. That I think is what he wished. do for all. In my judgment, the American Conmaterial and means to prevent the Emperor of It is a mistake, therefore, it seems to me, to sup- gress would act wisely to do no such thing as is Russia from interfering in the future contest be- pose that Kossuth, in his struggles in Europe, was proposed by this resolution in respect to any of the tveen Hungary and Austria. What means? Pa- the imbodiment of the principle of American free- i parties; but if to one, then surely to all alike. per resolutions, printed protests, or protests writ- dom-freedom as we understand it. A country Mr. President, I wish not to be misunderstood ied upon parchment with the seal of the United may be absolutely independent, and yet thoroughly about this matter. I would be far from offering States attached? How much do we suppose they despotic. Such'is Russia. A country, may be any indignity to the distinguished man who has will sway the mind of the Czar? No, sir, the absolutely independent, and entirely aristocratical come upon our shores. Far, very far be it from momeat we take that ground the moment we oc- or absolutely independent and thoroughly Demo- me to do so. He who is the victim of oppression, cupy the position he desires, (I do not say what | cratical. The interior regulations by which the he who has fallen in a contest nobly maintained gentlemen here contemplate,) we will have, in my public authority is distributed and the rights of the for the maintenance of national independence, and judgment, placed ourselves in such a position that citizens are secured, are totally distinct from the seeks our shores, I would always receive with the we must advance in the event of a future conflict position which in external relations makes the state most cordial feelings. He may forfeit them by his and the interposition of Russia, which I suppose or sovereignty independent. I am willing to admit subsequent conduct; he may forfeit them by showis just as certain as the future conflict itself, or we that Kossuth represents a high principle—the prin- ing that he brings a restless spirit with him, which must ingloriously retire. We must either abandon ciple of national independence, but not that of is incompatible with the security of apy State; but the policy of the country and involve ourselves 'republicanism. When this subject is carefully my first impressions must always be decidedly and in distant and future quarrels, of which no man can considered, I think it will be found that the whole heartily in his fayor. In making these remarks, foresee the issue, or after having threatened we of it resolves itself into this: that Kossuth was I have merely given my reasons for declining to must ignobly retreat. I am willing to welcome for- expected or invited here as an emigrant-he came vote for the passage of the resolution; and for egners who come to our shores for just and laud- as a political emissary; and the question is, whether deeming it eminently proper, if it passes at all, able and useful purposes, but I am not willing to there is anything in our past history-in our pres- that the amendment proposed by the honorable welcome by my voie any man who comes here to ent condition, in our present purposes, or our
Senator from Georgia should be attached to it. eadeavor to commit the citizens of this country to future prospects, which should induce us to pass Whatever may be the state of public opinion at any intervention in foreign transactions. In say- a resolution of this kind in favor of one coming present-excited, strongly and paturally excited, ing this I do not mean to cast reproach on Kossuth, | amongst us in that character and under such cir- as the people now are-a calmer moment will ere for I can understand the enthusiastic temper and
long arrive. And if this resolution shall be adoptthe character of the man. I can understand how It has been said that his proceedings in Hungary | ed, I believe that at no distant day the whole he has been led, on his first landing in the United were like those out of which sprang our own Dec- American people will understand the character, States, to believe that our people were ready to laration of Independence, and our State constitu- and tendency, and consequences of this resolutionpour by thousands and hundreds of thousands, tions—our demands, originally small
, growing will understand that, in the circumstances which to join his standards. It is natural. He is wrapt larger as we advanced in strengih. This, I think, surround us and give it significance, there is a up in Hungary. He is devoted to Hungary. He is a mistake. Our fathers did not increase their great deal more implied than empty compliment or lives for Hungary, and he is prepared to die for demands on the British Government from time to honorary gratulation; a great deal more than we Hungary. We can understand his natural feeling time. They preferred a claim at once for all the can do in consistency with our past history, and on this account. We can understand his strong rights of Englishmen—the rights which their an- with a just regard for our own interests and future desire to solicit aid for his country; but when I cestors enjoyed in England and brought here. peace and welfare. am called upon to vote for a resolution, and wel. They demanded no more. Although my friend Mr. FOOTE, of Mississippi. I wish to call the come to our shores one who has openly and pub- from New Jersey (Mr. Stockton) seemed to sup- attention of the Senate, and of the Senator from bely made this announcement of his purposes, pose that Englishmen, as such, have no rights, North Carolina (Mr. Badger] especially, to what one who has made the most powerful appeals to our revolutionary fathers claimed before the Dec- | I know he is as familiar with as any other man in the passions of his auditors everywhere, I cannot laration of Independence no rights but the rights existence—to one of the amendments to the Conhelp seeing that the inevitable interpretation of the of Englishmen. It was an invasion of their birth- stitution of the United States, which reads as folproceeding must be that we receive him in that rightas English subjects of which they complained. | lows: character; that we indorse him as a political mis- For years they solicited the Crown and Parliament signary. I take it that, by doing that, we would
“Congress shall make no law respecting the establishto maintain or restore to them their ancient rights, ment of religion, for prohibiting the free exercise thereof, welcome him here as one who is to receive assur
had , or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press, or the ances of armed intervention to prevent the inter- then, as a last resort, they flew to arms and de- I right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the ference of Russia in a future quarrel between clared themselves independent. They scarcely
Government for a redress of grievances.” Hungary and Austria. I do not think that such I waited an hour after that declaration before the I suppose that under that clause no one can a course is consistent with what I owe to my own several States formed constitutions for themselves; doubt the right of the people peaceably to nssemEinntry. While I would hold myself ready to and what do they imbody in them? The principle ble. The right of freedom of speech is also fully adapt any measure which I believed to be just, of English freedom-such as the habcas corpus, and
secured. Therefore it seems to me that any genreasonable, fair, and honorable towards this unfor- the
trial by jury; the liberty of speech and of the tleman, especially such an individual as this, invitunate exile, I cannot, by giving my consent to this press; and when they came to frame their own ted to our shores and brought in a national vessel, resolution, aid to mislead him into believing that declarations of rights, where did they resort for might at least make a public speech without being he will receive any such aid from us.
the materials out of which they were to be framed: denounced as a political emissary. I think he might Again, Mr. President, it has been said that we Did they not resort to that very England? Assur- be allowed to reply in a decent and proper manner ove this testimony to Kossuth as the great im- edly they did. They struck off the external form
to the addresses made to him by other persons. personation of the principle of free government. It has not been my fortune, though I do not pro
of monarchy, and they provided by republican | I venture to say that my friend from Norih Caro
forms for the security of their rights-ihe civil lina, if he will look into the public prints of New fess any large knowledge on this subject, to have | rights which they had enjoyed as Englishmen, but York, will find that the demeanor of this gentleman found in the past history of Kossuth any evidence which, in consequence of the changes of time, had
since his arrival here has been modest, dignified,
and judicious; that he has shown no intermeddling with interest the struggle between Austria and tion with that country. They did not begin by spirit; that he has not agitated against our instituHungary, and felt a sincere and anxious desire making small demands, and hypocritically reserv
tions, but that under the most extraordinary tests that Hungary should succeed in vindicating hering to themselves until they acquired more strength
he has manifested a disposition not to interfere in independence. I was satisfied, from the examina- the whole of what they required. All they asked the least possible degree with domestic questions of tion I was able to give the subject, that the Emperor at all, they asked at first. They asked the rights any kind. He has said expressly that his mission of Austria had violated the fundamental conditions of Englishmen, as they understood them—is they
is in behalf of his own country, and that he should upon which, for centuries, the originally independ had enjoyed them as long as hope of success re
deem himself disgraced if he were to utter or write ent Kingdom of Hungary had been attached to mained, and when that hope was over, they de- a single word which could possibly be misconthe Austrian Crown, and fell under the control of clared themselves independent, and provided by strued to an intention on his part to interfere in the House of Hapsburg. It was not a contest to
our domestic concerns. These are the facts of republican constitutions, security for themselves. establish republican institutions, according to our That is what they did.
the case. His speeches are all of one tenor and understanding of the term. I have no evidence of There is therefore, so far as I can see, nothing character. Yet the gentleman seems to conceive any such purpose. It was a war for national in- | in our history, or the history and present position that in consequence of certain acts of Governor Kosdependence a war justifiable on the part of Hun- of Kossuth, which should induce us to pass this ) suth, he is justified in denouncing him as an emisgary, because the fundamental condition of union | resolution. But if we do pass it, I am totally sary. He cannot certainly be both an emissary. had been violated, and because that violation was unable to perceive why gentlemen should object | and an emigrant. The gentleman's knowledge of obstinately persevered in-and, therefore, whether to the amendment which my friend from Georgia philology has not, I think, been exactly as accuHungary had intended to establish a despotic or proposes, to include the associates of Kossuth in rate on this occasion as it usually is. If he is free government for herself, I should have heartily | the same welcome with himself. If we are to an emigrant to this country, how can he be an wished for her success in the conflict. It was the welcome the one, why not welcome the other? Is emissary? We know that he is not an emigrant, cause of national independence, not of republican it because the associates of Kossuth have made because in England he took occasion to inform institutions, which Kossuth urged. I doubt very no political speeches that we will leave them out? the whole civilized world that he came here as a
visitor for legitimate purposes. How can the gen- | able, and calculated to have a mischievous ten- sequences beyond. What are they? Kossuth, tleman call him an emissary when he has not beendency, which, in his opinion, should be counter- admitted here to be the representative of the downsent? The word emissary is derived, as we all acted?
trodden constitutional liberties of his own country, know, from two Latin words—the preposition e or Mr. BADGER. I used no word of the kind. and the representative of the up-rising liberties of er, and mitto, to send. Who sent him? I under- || I said that if the law forbade the ultimate accom- Europe, shakes from his feet the dust that has derstand him to come here ex sua voluntate, to some plishment, the incipient steps could not be innocent, 1 gathered upon theni on American shores, and reextent. We declared the consent of the people whether punishable or not. I said nothing about turns to the Eastern Continent--returns upon a yea more than their consent that he should come inflicting punishment. I was assigning reasons point of honor with the United States of America, and receive hospitable entertainment from us, and why I could not vote for the resolution. It may and therefore, in a practical view, returns as he interchange sentiments with us upon those ques. seem very extraordinary to the Senator from Mis- will say, and those devoted to his cause will say, tions on which every lover of freedom must feel | sissippi, but he must pardon me for saying, that repulsed, driven back. Where, then, sir, shall he an intense interest.
with all my respect for and deference to him I find welcome and repose? In his own beautiful Although I entertain sentiments of the greatest must be governed by the exercise of my own judg- | native land, at the base or on the slopes of the respect for my friend from North Carolina, (Mr. ment. The Senator gets up and reads an amend- || Carpathian hills? No! the Austrian despot reigns BADGER;] although there is no one whom I esteem ment to the Constitution about the liberty of the absolutely there. Shall he find it in Germany, more highly, yet I must say that he has uttered press and the liberty of speech. I have impugned east or west, north or south? No, sir; the despot doctrines this morning which, if carried to their neither right.
of Austria and the despot of Prussia reign absofull extent, would make this the most absolute A short time ago we had another political emis- lutely there. Shall he find it under the sunny despotism in the world, break down the freedom sary in this country. If the honorable Senator i skies of Italy? No, sir; for the Austrian monarch of speech which we now possess, and lead to dislikes the name of emissary, he may dignify has crushed Italy to the earth. Shall he find it in such violent and despotic proceedings as have out- him with the name of missionary. We had a Siberia, or in the frozen regions of the North raged our sensibilities in republican France, and Mr. Thompson, a member of the British Parlia- | No, sir; for the Russian Czar, who drove him goaded the French people once more to the brink ment, coming over here exercising the liberty of from his native land and forced him into exile in of civil revolution. I know the gentleman did speech, going about addressing public meetings in Turkey, will be ready to seize the fugitive. The not contemplate anything of the sort, but such the New England States, endeavoring to stir up
scaffold awaits him there. would be the result of his doctrine. He seems sectional feelings between different portions of the Where shall he go? Shall be seek protection to intimate that some interference should take United States.
again from the sceptred Turk? The Turk would place to prevent the speeches now being made Mr. FOOTE. He was intermeddling with our say, You have eaten my salt as a voluntary capby Governor Kossuth, which, in my opinion, are domestic institutions.
tive, and I sheltered you until you left me under the decorous, and modest, and eloquent. Certain Mr. BADGER. Undoubtedlý.
seductions of the Republic of the United States. portions of the American people have freely and Mr. FOOTE. Governor Kossuth has not done If you come now, the laws of my country and of voluntarily assembled, not only for the purpose this.
my God will not oblige or allow me to hazard the of hearing him speak, but for the purpose of con- Mr. BADGER. Certainly not.
peace of my own people again to extend protection straining him to speak by addresses delivered to Mr. FOOTE. Therefore the cases are not over you. Where, then, shall he go? Where else him. This the gentleman seems to consider a alike.
on the face of broad Europe can he find refuge but great public grievance, and out of this he conceives Mr. BADGER. The cases are not the same, in the land of your forefathers, in Britain? There, great mischief is presently to flow. He seems to but they may nevertheless be alike. If he who God be thanked, there would be a welcome and a think that if this is allowed, it may have an inju- comes here to stimulate us to a domestic war is | home for him. Are you prepared to give to the rious effect on the public quiet of the country, and blameable, I think he who comes here to instigate world evidence that you cannot receive the repretend to jeopard our free institutions.
us to a foreign war may be likewise blameable. sentative of liberty and republicanism, whom EngThe gentleman will allow me to say, in conclu- It is the difference between “same" and "alike." land can honor, shelter, and protect : sion, that I would rather have traveled five hun- The two cases are not the same, but they are But, Mr. President, will this transaction end dred miles, on one of the hardest trotting horses in one respect alike.
there? I fancy that I see the exile winding his in Christendom, without cessation and without I do not undertake to say whether Thompson | lonely way, with downcast looks, along the streets sleep, and have submitted to all the discomforts could have been prosecuted and punished for any- and thoroughfares of the great metropolis of that could possibly be experienced by a traveler thing he said. The Government of the United Britain and the world, forsaken and abandoned, under such circumstances, than listened to such an States has no sedition law, therefore, that would but not forgotten. Will it end in that? No, sir. harangue from a gentleman whom I admire and depend entirely on the laws of Massachusetts, and Beyond us, above us, there is a tribunal, higher love so much.
the other States, in which he made those flagitious and greater than the Congress of the United States. Mr. BADGER. It is one of the ordinary dex- | appeals. Still, I have no hesitation in saying that It is a tribunal whose existence and jurisdiction terities of accomplished debaters, among whom I consider the conduct of that man as a great in- || and authority we have acknowledged, and to everybody knows the Senator from Mississippi | dignity, as a brutal insult, and as an infamous whose judgment-seat we have already called the occupies a high station, to put into the mouth of transaction on his part. When I say that, I do Turk, the Austrian, and the Russian, to account an adversary, language which he has not used. I not intimate that he should be put in the pillory for their action in regard to Hungary and to Koshave neither said nor intimated that I think Gov- and whipped, because he made these speeches. suth. It is the tribunal of the public opinion of ernor Kossuth should be arrested in his course of I am called upon here to give a vote in favor of the world—the public opinion of mankind. Sir, speeches.
this resolution, which, it seems to me, must be that tribunal is unerring in its judgments. It is Mr. FOOTE. I understood the gentleman to com- understood by the world as indicating that we ap- constituted of the great, the wise, and the good of plain of the speeches now being made by Governor prove the course Kossuth is pursuing, and the objec- | all nations—not only of the great, and wise, and Kossuth, and to say that such speeches were dan- || for which he came. I do not approve of the course good who are now living, but of the great, the gerous, and to intimate clearly, that in his opinion, he is pursuing. I do not sanction the object for wise, and the good of all ages. Before that tribusome steps ought to be taken, either positive or which he came; therefore, I will not, directly or nal, States, great and small, are equal. Aye, negative, to arrest him in what he deemed to be indirectly, place myself in a position in which it before that tribunal the proudest empire is equaled his mischievous course of proceeding. I suppose can be aitributed to me that I approved of it. by its humblest citizen or subject. Yes, the Inthat the honorable gentleman meant that we should I am very sorry that my friend from Mississippi | dian and the serf are equal there to the American use the moral influence which would necessarily | has such an idea of the character of my speech. Republic and to the Russian Empire. I know no grow out of a refusal to do him these honors at Mr. FOOTE. I thought it a very good one. living man entitled by the consent of Christendom the present time, and nothing more.
Mr. BADGER. We who have been here for to preside in that august tribunal. But there is a Mr. BADGER. I said nothing of the kind; the last four or five years have heard him char- venerable form that seems to rise up before me, and and I said nothing from which anything of the acterize one hundred speeches in the same way. all the congregated nations and people deferentially kind could be inferred.
I have noticed that if any one makes a speech make way as he advances and takes the judgment Mr. FOOTE. Did not the honorable Senator against any ground which the Senator from Mis- seat. It is the shade of Franklin. And there I see the speak of moral sedition?
sissippi supports, particularly if he makes a pretty parties opposed. On the one side stands Hungary, Mr. BADGER. I said nothing about moral good speech-shat is, a speech which has any sense downcast and sorrowful, but she is surrounded by sedition. I said this, and I will repeat it, that when or reason in it, and which it is not so very easy the people of many lands, who wait her redempI am called upon to give a vote of thanks to a for- for him to answer, he gets up and expresses his
tion and their own. On the other side I see the eigner who lands upon our shores, if I find him perfect astonishment and horror at hearing such United States of America, sustained-most singuengaged in making political harangues to our peo- barbarous, monstrous, and preposterous doctrines lar conjunction !-by the youthful and impatient ple, the avowed object of which is to commit them advanced, (laughter,) and declares that he would Bonaparte, the sickly successor of the Romans, to a course of conduct that may involve us in brag- rather travel five hundred miles on a hard trotting and the Czar of all the Russius. hear the imgadocia toward a foreign Government, or in for- horse than listen to him. (Great laughter.) peachment read. It is, that the United States have eign war, that is sufficient reason with me to re- Mr. SEWARD. Mr. President: Under an dishonored and insulted the unfortunate representfuse that vote. I said that while the law of the expectation that the first part of the amendment ative of unfortunate Hungary; that they found land forbids any steps being taken for the purpose proposed by the honorable Senator from Georgia him a captive in Asia Minor, under the protection of organizing or setting on foot any, such' for- (Mr. BERRIEN) would secure some favor to this of the Turk, but subjected to the surveillance of cible interference with foreign States, it is not to my resolution, which it might otherwise lose, I yes- | the Russian Tyrant; that they addressed to him mind an entirely innocent thing for a foreigner to terday intimated that I would give it my support. words of sympathy and hope, and that they attempt to commit our people to the accomplish- || But discovering now that no such advantage is brought to the doors of his captivity a national ment of such an object by previous declarations. to be gained, I beg leave to recall whạt I then said. vessel, with their time-honored flag, and bade him to
That is what I said, and what I thought. I shall vote with the original friends of the measure come upon its deck and be conveyed to a land of Mr. FOOTE. Did not the gentleman say at against the amendment.
constitutional freedom-a land where the advothat point of his remarks, that the incipient step I will suppose now that the opposition made to cates and champions of universal liberty were sure by inflammatory addresses which might lead to this resolution is effective. I will suppose that the to enjoy respect and sympathy and fraternal welsuch a result was, in his judgment, highly censur- measure is defeated. Let us look to the con- ll come; and that when they had 80 seduced him
from a place of obscurity but of safety, and had brought land within the reach of all, and put the wage a struggle for freedom in his own country. thus brought him to their own shores; and when Croat, the Waldachian, the Illyrian, the Jew, and when overborne there, he became, like Lafayette, he stood waiting there for one simple word of the Maygar upon the same platform of equality a champion of liberty throughout the world. You welcome, one simple look of recognition, they before the law, equality before the government, say that the Russian might have taken offence. turned away from him, spurned him from their equality in representation, equality in suffrage, Is America, then, brought so low that she fears to presence, and cast him back upon the charities of and equality in enduring the burdens of govern- | give offence when commanded by the laws of naChristian or Turk, in whatever land they might ment. It was for this that he was hunted from ture and of nations? What right had Russia to be found.
his native land and came an exile to your shores. || prescribe whom you should receive and whom That is the impeachment. And the United States Who pursued him there with reproaches of false- reject from your hospitalities? Let no such huhold up the right hand and answer, "Not guilty.' hood to freedom? Not the Jew, the Croat, or the miliation be confessed. I see the books of testimony opened on behalf of Sclave, but the tyrant of Austria, who has reduced Thus in the tribunal of the public opinion of Hungary. Here they are. A resolution of the all the people of Hungary, of whatever rank or mankind, all our pleas are disallowed. We have Congress of the United States of America, passed race or cast, to the level of slaves.
exposed ourselves to the censure-I will not say in the year 1850, tendering the hospitalities of the You say that you were willing to give Kossuth to the derision, of the world. nation, and the use of a national ship, to Louis a welcome, but that r demanded more. How did Kossuth; then the message of the President of the you know that he demanded more!' How did of intervention if we accord these honors; that
all of linier said: Mi President, that thereo no danger United States, in 1851, calling upon Congress to you learn that Kossuth demanded more than a
intervention will follow them. No, sir; it is not a say what shall be the ceremonial of receiving him | cordial welcome? Where did he ask of you even
question of intervention future, but of intervenwho has been brought here under their authority; so much as a welcome? Was it in your capital?
tion past! There has been intervention already. and then the record of this Senate, that upon a di- To whom did he address his extravagant and of
Russia has intervened and Hungary has fallen by vision of its members, a resolution of welcome ,fensive reclamation? Was it to your President? to that crime. Kossuth is an exile upon our shores Fus rejected. That constitutes the case on the your Ministry? to your Congress? No; all alike in consequence of it. What we have done already, part of Hungary. Sir, the United States appear refused to receive him, refused even to hear him was by manifesting our sympathy for him, to exin that august tribunal by learned and eloquent speak, and yet you say he demanded too much. defenders and advocates. I see there my ardent | You closed his mouth' before he had time to tell sia, which has worked so great injustice, and to
press our abhorrence of the intervention of Rusand enthusiastic young friend from Alabama, (Mr. | you what he thought, and what he wanted, or whe- rebuke and prevent such intervention hereafter. Clemens,) and the candid and learned Senator ther he wanted anything. But you reply he was What do we now propose to do? To grant a from Kentucky, (Mr. UNDERWOOD,] the impulsive overheard to say that he expected arms, men, mo- welcome to Kossuth. It is but the fit conclusion and generous Senator from Georgia, (Mr. Daw-ney, material aid, and intervention.' Overheard ?
of an action already near complete. I greatly sox,] the very learned and astute advocate who has What! did you deliver Kossuth from Russian fear that we do not understand our own interests in just taken his seat, (Mr. Badger,) and, lastly, he surveillance in Turkey to establish an espionage this great question. We cannot extinguish symwho holds the first place in our veneration of living over him of your own? Shame! shame to the pathy for freedom elsewhere, without extinguishSenators, save only one, (Mr. Clay,) the honorable country that so lightly regards the sanctity of the ing the spirit of freedom which is the life of our Senator from Georgia, who is now absent, (Mr. | characier of a stranger and an exile. But you say BERRIEN.) I listen to the long, elaborate, and
own Republic. that he would have demanded intervention. Sup
Again, sir, you may reject Kossuth; you may, if Earnest defence which they make against this im- pose he should? Would you have been less able peachment. Hungary declines to reply; and
you please, propitiate despotic favor by trampling to have met that unreasonable demand after hayKossuth, the orator of modern times, upon whom ing accorded to him the exact justice which was
the exiles of all Europe under your feet. But
what will you have gained? This Republic is, she leans for support, for the first time overcome his due, than you are now when you have done and forever must be, a living offence to Russia and by a sense of cruel insult, is silent, dumb. him injustice, and thus clothed him with the sym'The defence is weighed by that august shade, pathies of your people and of mankind! But you | You will never, by whatever humiliations, gain
to Austria, and to despotic powers everywhere. in whose placid countenance I read at once the aver that he spoke irreverently of your authority:
one friend or secure one ally in Europe or Amersagacity of the lightning hunter and the common he was overheard to say, in the outgushing of his ica that wears a crown. It is clear that the days sense of Poor Richard. “You say, that your | gratitude to the generous people who received him || of despotism are numbered. We do not know invitation to the Magyar justified on his part and
on Staten Island, that the people were the sover: whether its end is to come this year, or next year, of the part of Hungary no expectation of a wel- eigns of the government of the United States? and come.' How, then, came Kossuth, how came
or the year after; in this quarter of a century or in you cannot pardon that offence. What if he did Hungary, how came the world, how came you,
this half of a century. But there is to come,
Åre not the people the sovereigns of the bow came your President to misunderstand the Government of the United States? Which one of sentative and the arbitrary systems of government.
sooner or later, a struggle between the repreinvitation which was addressed to the exile? | your Senators or Representatives dare deny in his Europe is the field on which that struggle must When did you first revise your diplomacy to place that the People are his sovereigns! But you take place. While the representative principle is ascertain to what extent you might abridge' the say that you had a precedent; that you once took | gaining strength among the people, the power hospitalities to which you had invited him? Not offence at a Minister of France who assumed the until you were committed before the world. You
of Russia is seen to culminate. That struggle will same position. You refer to Genet. But there is say that • Kossuth was invited to be a resident, to
be between Russia, whose power extends across no parallel. Genet was a minister of a Governbecome a citizen of the United States, and that ment actually hostile, almost belligerent. He was
the whole northern part of the Eastern Hemis
phere, and all the people of southern and western he came, on the contrary, as a transient guest.' in negotiation, and his demands were denied. He | Europe. If the Russian Autocrat prevail in that Grant it; what then? Is a welcome less due to took an appeal from the decision of your Governhim whom you have invited as a perpetual guest,
contest, we shall be left without friends or allies ment to the people. But Kossuth is no minister.
in the Eastern World. Is it wise to deny ourselves when he comes to thank you and decline the | He is your guest. He went to you not to nego- the benefits of alliances with States kindred in courtesy, than if he had accepted it and become a tiate, or to demand a right. He went by your in
political interests and constitutions? Far otherPerpetual charge upon your hospitalities? You vitation to enjoy your hospitality: You have deci- || wise; true wisdom dictates that we lend to Eurosay that the honors to Kossuth were moved in | ded nothing against him. He submitted no appeal. || pean nations, struggling forcivilliberty, all possible your Senate by ambitious aspirants for place and I do not say that you ought to have granted in- | moral aid to sustain them until they can mature distinction.' Has, then, my country degenerated tervention had it been demanded. Bui I do say so much that there are no true, genuine patriots this, that the Hungarian would have demanded through which they are doomed to pass. The
and perfect their strength for that great conflict, in the Senate of the United States who could lead no more of you than, in a strait less severe than
nations that we thus lawfully aid to raise up, will that illustrious body in the discharge of so great his, I solicited and obtained for the United States a national obligation?
constitute a lasting and impregnable bulwark for of America from the Bourbon of France. Could
ourselves. You plead that the Hungarian chief “wasa noble you not have pardoned him for asking what you
Mr. RHETT. I do not rise to debate this by birth, an aristocrat by education and associa- had once asked and obtained for yourselves ? tion, and that he had devoted himself in an effort not Was it so great a fault in him to suppose that question, although I might have thought of saying to disseminate the spirit of universal liberty, but now, in the day of your greatness, prosperity, something. I rise merely to suggest to the
Sene fortify the privileges of the Maygar race? If and power, you might not be unwilling to do för ate, that as we have had a very long
discussion Hungary what, in the day of your infancy, pov- | the resolution has had an opportunity of replying
on this subject, and as the gentleman who offered him? If you did not, how can you justify your | erty, and weakness, France had done for yourignorance of a character that was blazoned to the selves? You say you stand upon precedent.
to its opponents, we should now take the vote. world? But it is not true. Kossuth's first public | Precedent? By whom established ? By your
Mr. DODGE, of lowa. I rise simply to say, action in early youth, was an effort, through the selves. Was Hungary concluded by such a
that I have paired off with the Senator from MaHungarian Diet, to extend equal privileges of rep- cedent? And what precedent? The precedent of ryland, who has been called home this evening. resentation, of suffrage, and of taxation to all the the reception given to Lafayette? Was not even
But for that, I should vote against all amendments people of Hungary, without distinction of rank, or that reception grudgingly given by the Congress
and for the original resolution. cast, or race. For his fidelity to the great cause of the United States? If ihe ashes of Lafayette
Mr. HOUSTON. I wish to say that I have of human equality and freedom he was imprisoned could be reanimated, and he could present him- paired off with my colleague, (Mr. Rusk,) who is three long years in a dungeon in the castle of self again upon your shores, would you not now
ioo unwell to appear to-day. Buda by the hand of the Austrian despot. When willingly accord him a greater than the welcome
The question being taken on the first branch of he came out from that captivity, he commenced he before received at your hands -a welcome, the amendment of Mr. BERRIEN, that the welcome that career of agitation for the restoration of the such as it was proposed to give to Kossuth ? | offered to Kossuth be extended to his associate constitution of his country, which ended with suc- Wherein does the parallel between Kossuth and Hungarian exiles, resulted-yeas 13, nays 27; as cess in the year 1848. When he had wrung that || Lafayette fail? Lafayette began his career as a
follows: charter from the Emperor of Austria, his consti- || soldier of liberty in the cause of your country; but YEAS-Messrs. Badger, Borland, Buter, Clarke, Clemtutional king, the first exercise of Hungarian au- he pursued it through life in an effort to establish
ens, Dawson, Geyer, King, Morton, Spruance, Under
wood, Upliam, and Walker -13. thority by the Legislature which he directed, was a republic in his own beloved land. Kossuth found
NAY8_Messrs. Bradbury, Bright, Brodhead, Cass, an act which abolished all the feudal tenures, that I the duty which first devolved upon him was to Chase, Davis, Dodge of Wisconsin, Douglas, Felch, Fish,
Foot of Vermont, Foote of Mississippi, Gwin, Hamlin, is simply to welcome him as a distinguished stran paired the value of any rational that we shall sa kile James, Jones of lowa, Mallory, Miller, Norris, Rhett, Seward, Shields, Smith, Stockton, Sumner, Wade, and Whit
which have deserved the admiration of the world. proposition submitted by the distinguished Senator comb--27.
Inasmuch as the President of the United States from Illinois. I shall vote against it for the reason, So it was not agreed to.
has called the attention of Congress to the subject amongst others, which has governed me in voting The question then being on the other branch of of a reception, I am for carrying out the resolu- against all other amendments, viz: that the propothe amendment
tion of the last session. Then we submitted to sition of the Senator from New York is simple, “But while welcoming these Hungarian patriots to an the President the employment of a public vessel, fit, and adequate. It expresses the sentiments of asylum in our country and to the protection which our laws
and I am now for leaving the question of enter- the American people in reference to our distindo, and always will, afford to them, it is due to candor to declare that it is not the purpose of Congress to depart from tainment to his discretion. In the amendment, I guished guest, and I know of no form of expres. the settled policy of this Government which forbids all in
propose to place a sum of money at the disposalsion by which we can add to its force, and none terference with the domestic concerns of other nations”
of the President for that purpese. In this amend- || which will not impair its simplicity. I must On motion by Mr. DAWSON, it was modified ment I have styled Kossuth the late Governor | therefore vote against this proposition. Whilst I by substituting this Hungarian exile” for “these of Hungary.""' I have done so in accordance with do it for that reason, and should consider that reaHungarian exiles," in consequence of the rejection the historic fact. He was Governor of Hungary, son of itself sufficient, we know that when the of the first branch of the amendment.
He voluntarily resigned that place to another, and distinguished benefactor of America, Lafayette, The question being taken, by yeas and nays, on therefore he is no longer Governor.
was received by Congress, a joint resolution was the amendment as modified, resulted-yeas 15, Mr. FOOTE. I know that the honorable Sen-proposed and a joint committee was raised, and nays 26; as follows:
ator from Arkansas does not intend to insult the that joint committee reported that it was impossiYEAS-Messrs. Badger, Borland, Butler, Clarke, Clem- gentleman whom he calls “the late Governor of ble for the two Houses to act jointly. If, then, ens, Dawson, Geyer, Hunter, King, Miller, Morton, Rhett, || Hungary,” but who calls himself the Governor of the proposition of the Senator from Illinois be Spruance, Underwood, and Upham-15. NAYS–Messrs. Bradbury, Bright, Brodhead, Cass,
Hungary in his last speech. He is recognized, I | adopted, it may result in a similar report, and thus Chase, Davis, Dodge of Wisconsin, Douglas, Felch, Fish, think, by the lovers of liberty throughout the world still further delay the action which the occasion, Foot of Verinont, Foote of Mississippi,
Gwin, Hamlin, as virtually the Governor of Hungary-as the Gov- and all the circumstances of the occasion, so imJames, Jones of Iowa, Mallory, Norris, Seward, Shields,
ernor de jure though not de facto. 'I am satisfied peratively demand should be prompt, frank, and Smith, Stockton, Sumner, Wade, Walker, and Whit
that there is no intention to insult the gentleman by generous. So the amendment was not agreed to. calling him the late Governor of Hungary, and by
Mr. SHIELDS asked for the yeas and nays on Mr. SHIELDS. When this resolution was
proffering to him pecuniary aid in the manner pro- | his amendment. first introduced, I gave notice that I should move
posed; but I beg leave to call the attention of my The yeas and nays were ordered, and being tato substitute in place of it the resolution originally friend, to the fact that, speeches have been recently ken, resulted—yeas 16, nays 22, as follows: introduced by the Senator from Mississippi. I
made by Governor Kossuth in New York, in YEAS—Messrs. Bradbury, Bright, Brodhead, Cass, Dodge now move to amend by striking out all after the which he expressly declares his entire unwilling,
of Wisconsin, Douglas, Felch, Foote of Mississippi, Gwin,
Jones of Iowa, Mallory, Norris, Shields, Stockton, Walker resolving clause of this resolution and inserting:
ness to receive the sort of entertainment proffered and Whitcomb-16.
by the amendment. I must say in addition that, NAYS--Messrs. Badger, Borland, Cbase, Clarke, ClemThat a joint committee of the two llouses of Congress, to consist of three members of the Senate and five mem
as I am a democrat and a strict constructionist, I ens, Davis, Dawson, Downs, Fish, Foot of Vermont, bers of the House of Representatives, be appointed by the doubt our power to do anything of the kind in the
Hamlin, Hunter, James, King, Miller, Morton, Rhett, presiding officers of the respective Houses to make suit- form now proposed; and I am assured of one
Seward, Smith, Spruance, Sumner, Underwood, and
Wade-22. able arrangements for the reception of Louis Kossuth, Gov- thing, we should dishonor Governor Kossuth, and ernor of Hungary, on his arrival in the United States, and
The joint resolution was then reported to the to communicate to him assurances of the profound respect
the cause in which he is engaged, by the adoption Senate without amendment. entertained for him by the people of the United States; and of the amendment.
Mr. UNDERWOOD asked for the yeas and to tender to him, on the part of Congress, and in the name Mr. RHETT. I shall vote for the simple resof the people of the United States, the hospitalities of the olution of the Senator from New York, and shalt for a third reading.
nays on the question of ordering it to be engrossed Metropolis of the Union. 'Mr. BORLAND. I move to amend the amendvote for none of these amendments. If the friends
The yeas and nays were ordered, and being taof the measure want a large vote in its favor they ken, resulted-yeas 33, nays 6, as follows: ment by striking out all after the word “That," and inserting
had better stand to the simple proposition of the YEAS-Messrs. Bradbury, Bright, Brodhead, Cass,
Senator from New York. “ The Congress, in the name and on behalf of the people
Chase, Clarke, Davis, Dodge of Wisconsin, Douglas, of the United States, cordially sympathize with the people
Mr. DOUGLAS. I would suggest to the Sen- Downs, Felch, Fish, Foot of Vermont, Foote of Misisof Hungary in their recent laudable and heroic struggle, and ator from Arkansas that his substitute will be
sippi, Gwin, Hamlin, Hunter, James, Jones of Iowa, King, in their present misfortunes; that it recognizes and cordially | accompanied by one very great embarrassment.
Mallory, Miller, Norris, Rhett, Seward, Shields, Smith, welcomes Louis Kossuth, late Governor of Hungary, and
Spruance, Stockton, Sumner, Wade, Walker, and WhitUnder the rules of the other House, every appro- comb-33. his associate exiles, who have recently landed on our shores, as worthy representatives of their country, and in
priation of money must be referred to the Com- NAYS-Messrs. Badger, Borland, Clemens, Dawson, vites them to the capital, as guests of the Union; that it mittee of the Whole, and go on the calendar in its
Morton, and Underwood -6. requests the President of the United States to receive and regular order. If, therefore, we send the entertain them, in such manner as he may deem proper;
The joint resolution was then read a third time
proposition to the House with an appropriation of
passed. and that the sum of dollars be and the same is hereby
RECESS. appropriated and placed at the disposal of the President, to money in it, we shall delay action there. I shall, pay the expenses of the reception and entertainment of such therefore, vote against it.
On motion, it was ordered, that when the Senate guests during their sojourn-at the capital.”
Mr. BORLAND. I have no objection to stri- adjourns it adjourn to meet on Monday next. I will not detain the Senate with anything like king from the amendment that portion of it making On the motion of Mr. HUNTER, the Senate a speech on this subject. The Senate has already an appropriation of money. It has seemed to me, I proceeded to the consideration of Executive busiheard a great deal on the subject, and it has heard however, that if we undertake to do a thing we ness, and after some time spent therein, the doors remarks more valuable and interesting than any I should provide means of doing it. How are we were reopened, and the Senate adjourned. could make. I propose, in a few words, to state to treat Kossuth and his associates as the guests the reasons why I offer this amendment. of the nation without some expense?
IN SENATE. Mr. BUTLER. With the consent of the Sen- The Senator from Mississippi (Mr. Foote) obator, I will move an adjournment. jects to calling Kossuth the late Governor of Hun
MONDAY, December 15, 1851. Mr. BORLAND. ì give way for that pur- || gary. call him so, in accordance with the his
Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. C. M. BUTLER. pose. toric fact. The only history which I have seen,
Mr. BELL presented the credentials of the Mr. FOOTE, of Mississippi. I hope the friends which gives a reliable account of the Hungarian Hon. James C. Jones, elected a Senator of the of the measure will insist on coming to a final struggle, is the book of Dr. Naphegyi, which, it
State of Tennessee for six years from the 4th vote.
has been stated, has been submitted to intelligent March, 1851. The oath having been administered, The PRESIDENT. The motion is not de- | Hungarians, who have pronounced its statements
Mr. Jones took his seat. batable. correct. He was a great friend to Kossuth and to
Hon. WILLIAM K. SEBASTIAN, from the State Mr. BUTLER. I withdraw the motion, in or- Hungary. He there asserts, as a historical fact, of Arkansas, appeared in his seat. der to make a single remark. If the proposition that Kossuth did yield his Governorship to Görgy,
PETITIONS. of my friend from Arkansas shall be adopted, I, | the individual who betrayed his country and de- Mr. DOWNS presented the petition of Joseph and perhaps others, may desire to say something. livered it up to Austrian power. Kossuth consti- | A. Barelli, praying that the Secretary of the I was very much in hopes that the resolution might | tuted, as far as he could, Görgy the Dictator of Treasury may be authorized to issue a register to have passed in the form proposed by the Senator Hungary, and with the power thus conferred, he the brig Ada, late the British brig Josephine; which from New York, without any call for the yeas and abandoned the battles which had been begun, and was referred to the Committee on Commerce. nays. I shall object to the resolution in any other | delivered his country into the hands of Austria. Also, the petition of the Italian Mutual Benevform. Any other form of the resolution will lead Kossuth voluntarily resigned the office of Gover- | olent Society of New Orleans, praying that certain to great division of opinion. I renew the motion nor, and therefore it is that I have called him the marble to be used in the construction of a tomb to adjourn.
late Governor of Hungary. I ask for the yeas or monument for the reception of the mortal reMr. BORLAND. I would say to the Senator and nays on the amendment.
mains of the members of the Society may be from South Carolina that I shall not occupy five The yeas and nays were not ordered; and the imported free of duty; which was referred to the minutes.
amendment to the amendment was rejected. Committee on Commerce. Mr. BUTLER. Then I withdraw,
The question recurred on the amendment of Also, the petition of Jehiel Brooks, praying Mr. BORLAND. I offer this resolution, as Mr. Shields.
authority to sue the United States for damages the only one for which I can vote under the present Mr. CHASE. Mr. President, I had desired to sustained by him in defending his title to certain c'rcumstances of the case. In paying this com- express my views upon the subject which has oc- land against a suit brought against him by the pliment to a distinguished foreigner, I wish to pay cupied so much of the time of the Senate, but I United States under false representations; which it in a substantial manner. I do not want to com- have been for action, and prompt action. I have was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. mit this Government to any course of policy | known well that every word uttered in this body Mr. RHETT presented the memorial of George which he may have indicated. This proposition on that subject has delayed action, and thus im-l Hervey, agent for the owners and consignees of the English ship James Mitchell, praying the pay- not a land owner; which was referred to the Com- Mr. HUNTER gave notice of his intention to ment of a sum of money due under an act of mittee on Public Lands.
ask leave to introduce a bill to provide for the Congress, and retained in the Treasury of the Mr. BRODHEAD presented a memorial of compensation of such persons as may be desigUnited States; which was referred to the Commit- citizens of Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Dela- | nated by the Secretary of the Treasury to receive tee on the Judiciary.
ware, praying the construction of piers and harbors and keep the public moneys, under the 15th secMr. GWIN presented the petition of Ursula E. in the Delaware river and bay; which was referred tion of the act of August 6, 1846, for additional Cobb, widow of Charles Cobb, late a gunner in to the Committee on Commerce.
services required under
that act. the Navy, praying to be allowed a pension; which Also, a memorial of the heirs at law of Henry Mr. UNDERWOOD gave notice of his intenwas referred to the Committee on Pensions.
Miller, praying compensation for the military ser- tion to ask leave to introduce a bill to provide for Mr. BRIGHT presented the memorial of the vices of their ancestor in the revolutionary war; the improvement of the dam at the head of Cumtecutrix and securities of Benjamin F. Hart, de- || which was referred to the Committee on Revolu- || berland Island, in the Ohio river. cased, late a purser in the Navy, praying that his tionary Claims.
REPORTS OF STANDING COMMITTEES. arounts may be cancelled on the books of the Mr. B. also presented the petition of Samuel C. Treasury; which, with their memorial and papers Morton and twenty-eight other citizens of Phila
Mr. BORLAND. I am directed by the Comon the files of the Senate, was referred to the Com- | delphia, praying Congress to provide for the erec
mittee on Pensions, to which was referred a bill sittee on Naval Affairs. tion of such piers and harbors in the Delaware
for the relief of Mrs. Margaret L. Worth, widow Mr. BRADBURY presented the petition of || river and bay as will afford shelter and protection
of the late General Worth, to report back the same Faney Wright, widow of an officer in the rev
without amendment. I would ask, as it is a matto vessels, &c., navigating said river. Ecue service; which, with the papers on file, were This petition (said Mr. B.) contains a brief but
ter which will give rise to no discussion, and as referred to the Committee on Pensions. truthful statement showing the importance, if not
the same bill passed the Senate last session, that it Mr. FELCH presented a resolution passed by the absolute necessity, for the appropriation therein
heconsidered now. I may state as a reason, what is the Legislature of the State of Michigan, in favor asked. From the breakwater at the mouth of
known to many Senators present, that Mrs. Worth of the construction of a ship canal around the Palls | Delaware bay, to the city of Philadelphia, a dis
widow of the late gallant General Worth, is in to the Ste. Marie; which was referred to the Com- || tance of ninety miles, there is not a single safe
very straitened pecuniary circumstances; and this mittee on Commerce, and ordered to be printed. harbor, in consequence of which valuable lives and
bill provides relief for her and her family. It Also, a resolution passed by the Legislature of large quantities of property are lost. According | vote, and failed in the House simply, I presume,
was passed at the last session without a dissenting the State of Michigan, requesting the Senators and to the custom-house returns, there were twenty- || for want of time. As it is not likely to give rise Representatives of that State in Congress to use seven thousand five hundred and fifty-five vessels their exertions to procure the repayment of the entered the port of Philadelphia during the year
to any discussion, and as it is one of great merit, money expended by her in furnishing volunteers 1850, and that from the first of January, 1830, to
which every Senator will acknowledge, I ask that for the Mexican war, and the expenses incurred
it be considered now. the first of January, 1851, the duties paid exceed in defending her territorial boundary as estab- . $59,000,000, and that but a comparatively small
Mt. RHETT. I object. It is, no doubt, a propishal by Congress before her admission as a State
er bill; but there is another matter which I am sum has been expended in improving said harbor. into the Union; which was referred to the Com
desirous should be taken up now. In view of these facts, he asked the early and serimittee on Military Affairs, and ordered to be
Mr. BORLAND, from the Committee on Penous attention of the Committee of Commerce, to printed.
sions, to whom was referred the bill granting a penthe subject. Referred to said committee. Mr. HALE presented a petition of B. F. Pal
sion to Sally T. Floyd, widow of George R. C. mer and several others, citizens of Philadelphia,
PAPERS WITHDRAWN AND REFERRED. Floyd, late a lieutenant-colonel in the Army of the exhibitors of articles at the late Industrial Exhibi- On motion by Mr. MASON, it was
United States, reported it without amendment. hon held in London, praying that an appropriaOrdered, That the memorials and papers on the files of
Mr. B. also, from the same committee, to whom tion be made to pay the expenses incurred by | Jennings, be referred to the Committee of Claims.
the Senate, relating to the claims of Roddy, Carter, and was referred the bill to revive a portion of an act citizens of the United States for the transportation
for the relief of the widows of deceased soldiers, ud display of goods at the Industrial Exhibition On motion by Mr. MASON, it was
reported it without amendment. u London; which was referred to the Committee
Ordered, That the petition of Asenath M. Elliott, on the Mr. JONES, of Iowa, from the Committee on on Patents and the Patent Office.
files of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Pen- Pensions, to whom was referred the memorial ot
sions. Mr. FOOTE, of Mississippi, presented the
the heirs of Judith Worthen, deceased, reported a Bemorial of Mary Walker, widow of George W.
On motion by Mr. BRADBURY, it was bill for their relief; which was read and ordered to Walker, late Paymaster of the Marine Corps, | files of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on the
Ordered, That the memorial of Walter Colton, on the a second reading. praying to be allowed the traveling expenses of Judiciary.
Mr. J. also, from the same committee, to which her late husband in the settlement of his accounts; On motion by Mr. FELCH, it was
was referred the petition of citizens of Niagara which was referred to the Committee on Naval
county, New York, in behalf of Stephen Warren, Ordered, That the memorial of Ezra Williams, on the Affairs. files of the Senate, be referred to the Comunittee of Claims.
asked to be discharged from the further consideraThe PRESIDENT pro tempore presented the
tion of it. On motion by Mr. UNDERWOOD, it was feiin of William M. Lapsley, receiver of public
Mr. SEWARD. It appears that that petition Ordered, That the documents on the files of the Senate, meyr at Cababa, Alabama, praying compensa- relating to the claims of William S. Waller, be referred to
was referred, under an erroneous view of the natise fa services in making entries of land under the Committee of Claims.
ture of the case, to the Committee on Pensions. boursy laså varrants. On motion by Mr. CASS, it was
I do not object to the committee being discharged Mr. JONES, of lowa, moved to lay it on the Ordered, That the petition of General Robert Armstrong,
from its further consideration, but would move its table, as the committee had made a report on the
on the files of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on reference to the Committee of Claims.
The motion was agreed to.
CALIFORNIA BRANCH MINT. memorial of William Butler, praying to be allowed
Ordered. That the memorial of Roger Jones, and the memorial of Margaret Hetzel, on the files of the Senate, be
Mr. HUNTER, from the Committee on Fia pension on account of injuries received in the referred to the Committee on Military Affairs.
nance, to which was referred a bill to establish a saral service of the United States; which was referred to the Committee on Pensions. On motion by Mr. JONES of Iowa, it was
branch Mint of the United States in California, reMr. MALLORY presented the memorial of
Ordered, That the petition of Harriet R. F. Capron, on ported back the same with an amendment.
the files of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Mr. GWIN. I hope the Senate will indulge John W. Simonton and others, owners of the Pensions.
me in taking up this bill at this time. It has Island of Key West, in Florida, praying indem- Mr. BRODHEAD submitted an additional | already passed the Senate once, and favorably mnity in consequence of its occupancy by the United States; which was referred to the Committee
document relating to the claim of Thomas Flana- 1 reported upon unanimously by the Committee on
gan; which, with his petition on the files of the Finance. It contains no appropriation of money, wa Naval Affairs. Mr. GEYER presented he memorial of the Le Senate, was referred to the Committee on Pen- It only provides for the establishment of a branch sions.
Mint in California. I hope it will be considered gislature of Missouri, praying a grant of land for the construction of the Lexington and Davies
NOTICES OF BILLS.
No objection being made, the Senate, as in Committee on Public Lands. intention to ask leave to introduce a bill granting mittee of the Whole, proceeded to consider the bill
The amendment reported by the committee was Also, a memorial of the Legislature of Missouri, to the State of Mississippi the right of way and a
to strike out the eighth section of the bill relating praying a grant of land for the construction of the donation of public land, for the purpose of locating Northern Missouri Railroad; which was referred
to the assaying office, and substitute in its place and constructing a railroad from Brandon to the
the following: to the Committee on Public Lands. eastern border of said State, in the direction of
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That if required by Also, a memorial of the Legislature of the State || Montgomery, Alabama.
the holder, gold in grain or lumps shall be refined, assayed, of Missouri, praying a grant of land for the con- Also, a bill to reduce the price of the public cast into bars or ingots, and stamped in said braneh Mint, struction of a plank road from Tully, in that State, lands lying south of the "Old Choctaw Line,” in or in the Mint of the United States, or any of its branches,
in such manner as may indicate the value and fineness of to Bloomfield, in lowa; which was referred to the || the State of Mississippi.
the bar or ingot, which shall be paid for by the owner or Committee on Public Lands.
Mr. MALLORY gave notice of his intention to
holder of said bullion at such rates and charges and under Also, a memorial of the Legislature of the State | ask leave to introduce a bill to repeal an act en- such regulations as the Direetor of the Mint, under the conof Missouri, praying that an island in the Mis- titled “An act concerning tonnage duty on Span
trol of the Secretary of the Treasury, may from time to time souri river, opposite the town of Weston, may ish vessels,” passed on the 30th day of June,
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That so soon as the be granted for the improvement of the harbor and 1834.
said branch is established in the state of California, and landing of that town; which was referred to the Mr. BRADBURY gave notice of his intention public notice shall be given thereof in the mode to be des Committee on Public Lands.
to ask leave to introduce a bill for the ascertain- | ignated by the Secretary of the Treasury, then so much of Also, a memorial of the Legislature of Missouri, ment and satisfaction of claims of American citi
the act making appropriations for the civil and diplomatic
expenses of the Government for the year ending 30th June, praying a graut of eighty acres of land to every zens for spoliations committed by the French prior || 1851, and for other purposes, as provides for the appointment free white citizen, being the head of a family and to July 31, 1801.
of a United States assayer and the contracting for the assay