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tion at meetings, or such other measures as may be necessary to assure effective cooperation, may be established by the Director General. Formal arrangements for cooperation with such organizations may be entered into by the Executive Board.

3. The Organization may make suitable arrangements for consultation and cooperation with nongovernmental organizations concerned with matters within its competence, and may invite them to undertake specific tasks.

4. Whenever the Conference of this Organization and the competent authorities of any other international organization whose purposes and functions lie within the competence of this Organization, deem it desirable to effect a transfer of its resources and functions to this Organization, to incorporate it into this Organization, or to bring it under the supervision or authority of this Organization, the Director General, subject to the approval of the Conference, may enter into mutually acceptable arrangements for this purpose. This Organi. zation may acquire such resources and assume such functions of, or incorporate or exercise such control over, the other organization as may be provided by any convention or agreement appropriate to the purpose. In accordance with their respective constitutional procedures the Members shall take such steps as the Conference may determine to integrate such other international organizations into the structure of this Organization.

Article 72. International Responsibilities of Personnel of Organization

The responsibilities of the members of the Commissions provided for in Article 61 of this Charter, of the Director General, of the Deputy Directors General and of the staff shall be exclusively international in character. These persons may be appointed without regard to their nationality. In the discharge of their duties they shall not seek or receive instructions from any government or from any authority external to the Organization. They shall refrain from any action which might prejudice their position as international officials. Each Member of the Organization undertakes to respect the international character of the responsibilities of these persons, and not to seek to influence them in the discharge of their duties.

Article 73. Legal Capacity of Organization The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such legal capacity as may be necessary for the exercise of its functions and the fulfillment of its purposes.

Article 74. Privileges and Immunities of Organization

1. The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the fulfillment of its purposes.

2. Representatives of the Members of the Organization and its officials shall similarly enjoy such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the independent exercise of their functions in connection with the Organization.

3. The Conference may make recommendations with a view to determining the details of the application of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article and may propose conventions to the Members for this purpose.

Article 75. Amendments to Charter 1. Amendments to this Charter shall become effective upon receiving the approval of the Conference by a vote of a two-thirds majority of its Members: Provided, That those amendments which involve fundamental alterations in the objectives of the Organization or new obligations by the Members shall take effect upon acceptance on the part of two thirds of the Members for each Member accepting the amendment and thereafter for each remaining Member on acceptance by it.

2. The Conference shall, by a two-thirds majority of the Members, adopt rules of procedure for carrying out the provisions of this Article.

Article 76. Interpretation and Settlement of Legal Questions 1. The English and French texts of this Charter shall be regarded as equally authoritative.

2. Any question or difference concerning the interpretation of this Charter shall be referred to the Executive Board for a ruling thereon. The Executive Board may require a preliminary report from any of the Commissions in such cases as it deems appropriate. Any ruling of the Executive Board shall, upon the request of any Member directly affected or, if the ruling is of general application, upon the request of any Member, be referred to the Conference. Any justiciable issue arising out of a ruling of the Conference with respect to the interpretation of subparagraphs (c), (d), (e) or (k) of Article 32 or of Paragraph 2 of Article 49 may be submitted by any Party to the dispute to the International Court of Justice, and any justiciable issue arising out of any other ruling of the Conference may, if the Conference consents, be submitted by any Party to the dispute to the International Court of Justice. The Members accept the jurisdiction of the Court in respect of any dispute submitted to the Court under this Article. 3. The Organization may, with the authorization of the General Assembly of the United Nations, refer any question concerning the interpretation of this Charter to the International Court of Justice with a request for an advisory opinion thereon.

4. The Director General, or his representative, may appear before the Court on behalf of the Organization in connection with any proceeding before that Court.

Article 77. Contributions of Members

Each Member undertakes to contribute promptly to the Organization its share of the Organization's expenses as apportioned by the Conference. The right of a Member to vote in the Conference shall automatically be suspended if such Member fails for two successive years to meet its financial obligations to the Organization: Provided, That the Conference may, in exceptional circumstances, waive such suspension.

Article 78. Entry Into Force

1. The original of this Charter, as set forth in the Final Act of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment, shall be deposited with the Secretary General of the United Nations, who will furnish certified copies thereof to all interested governments.

2. Each government accepting this Charter shall deposit an instrument of acceptance with the Secretary General of the United Nations, who will inform all governments represented at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment and all Members of the United Nations of the date of deposit of each instrument of acceptance and of the date on which this Charter enters into force under paragraph 3 of this Article.

3. This Charter shall enter into force on the sixtieth day following the day on which the number of governments represented at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment which have deposited acceptances pursuant to paragraph 2 of this Article shall equal twenty, and the acceptance of each other accepting government shall take effect on the sixtieth day following the day on which the instrument of such acceptance is deposited: Provided, That if this Charter shall not have entered into force by December 31, 194.-, any of the governments which have made effective the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade dated

194.-,' together with any

See footnote to the reference to this Agreement in paragraph 2 of Article 56.

other governments which have already deposited their acceptances, may agree to bring this Charter into force among themselves in accordance with arrangements which they may agree upon.

4. Each government accepting this Charter does so in respect of all territory in which it has authority to make the provisions of this Charter effective.

Article 79. Withdrawal and Termination

1. Any Member of the Organization may give notice of withdrawal from the Organization at any time after the expiration of five years from the date of the entry into force of this Charter under the provisions of Article 78 by written notification addressed to the Secretary General of the United Nations, who will immediately inform all other Members of the Organization.

2. The withdrawal shall take effect one year from the date of the receipt of the notification by the Secretary General: Provided, That the notification may be withdrawn at any time during that period.

3. This Charter may be terminated at any time by agreement of three fourths of the Members of the Organization.

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