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I hold in my hand. The Solicitor of the Treasury the Government as plaintiff, and also direct the tained by the House. Upon looking into the law remarks:

Attorney General, or some other officer of the i relating to that subject, however, the Chair is dis** Upon a full examination of the whole case, I con

Government, to defend Mitchell against that judg- posed to doubt the correctness of that decision. clude:

ment obtained in Missouri; and in the event the Mr. PHELPS. I desire to know what is the “]st. That there is no error in the charge of the court to defense is unsuccessful, then to appropriate money decision of the Chair now upon the subject—how the jury. If there was any error, it was one in favor of the

far does it extend? defendant, to which he had no right to except. “4. There being no error in law, no dispute concering and it is all I ask for.

Mr. MARSHALL, of Kentucky. What will the facts, (they having all been found by the jury,) it would

Mr. STUART. I move to amend by postpon- be the effect of the previous question? be unjust to the parties to protract useless litigation ; to Har- ing the matter to the first Monday in May, so The SPEAKER. It will bring the House to a inony, by delaying the payment of his demand found by the that it may come upon a Monday.

direct vote; first upon the question of postponecourt and jury to be just; to Colonel Mitchell, by keeping suspended over him this heavy judgment, so well calcula

Mr. SEYMOUR. I imagine that the object i ment, and if that fails, upon the reconsideration ted to einbarrass and discredit him.

which the gentleman from Michigan (Mr. Stu- of the bill. ** 3d. If there be any error in the charge to which the ART] seeks to obtain, will not be reached by the Mr. MARSHALL. I appeal to the gentleman defendant had a right to except, it must be found in that part of it which speaks of the existence of a public neces

postponement which he moves. It is evident that from Alabama (Mr. Houston] to withdraw his sity, &c. Now, if the Supreme Court, having the case be

this case has been recently tried in the circuit call for the previous question. I promise to say fore it on a writ ot error, should send down the case for a court of New York. It stands as a recent case all I have to say within five minutes. second trial for the reason that Colonel Mitchell did actun- upon the calendar of the Supreme Court, and every Mr. HOUSTON. I am very anxious to disder the pressure of such necessity, and was, therefore, jusofied in seizing the property for the public use, then in what

gentleman who is acquainted with the situation of pose of the bill and proceed to other business. I beller condition would be the Government? None. It that, must be aware that no action of the Supreme will, however, withdraw the call for the previous would be bound to make just compensation to Harinony, Court will be had upon this case until long after I question for five minutes in favor of the gentleman instead of indemnifying Colonel Mitchell.

the time to which the gentleman moves to post- i from Kentucky, (Mr. MARSHALL.) ** 4th. Should the ease go to the Supreme Court, and the question of the right of impressment of private property

pone this matter shall have expired. In that view Mr. MARSHALL. I now ask that the subunder the law as it now exists be presented to it, I feel an

of the case, and inasmuch as the friends of the bill stitute for the bill, which I have sent to the Chair, entire confidence that they will decide that the right does are willing it shall be so modified, as the rights of | may be read. not exist, and never can exist, until Congress shall confer the Government upon one hand may be perfectly It was read by the Clerk, as follows: it by law passed in pursuance of the Constitution. If so, Colouet Mitchell cannot avoid the payınent of the judg protected by the action of their very able Attorney That it shall be the duty of the Attorney General of the ment: and as he acted in obedience to the order of his su

General-and at the same time an investigation United States to prosecute the writ of error pending before perior officer, and the chief in command, in making the may be had in this matter—and, if possible, which

the Supreine Court of the United States, in the case of D. seizure; and as that order and seizure have no doubt

D. Mitchell vs. M. X. Harmony, without cost to the plainI was issued and executed under the honest belief that the

presume can be done, the interests of the party

tiff in error seizure of the property was necessary to the safety of the

who appeals here, Mr. Mitchell, may be protected, Be it enacted, &c., That the Attomey General be and he Arny, (though in point of fact, as it subscquently appeared, if this writ of error is intended to be seriously pros

is hereby directed to cause such chancery, or other proceed

ings, to be instituted in the name of D. D. Mitchell vs. M. such necessity did not exist,) the Government is bound, by ecuted in the Supreme Court, which will test the every principle of justice, to stand between him and all

X. Harinony, or his assignees, before the proper court at merits of the case, there can be no difficulty in St. Louis, Missouri, as shall stay proceedings upon a certain loss."

staying the proceedings upon the judgment of the judgment at law, in the name of said Harmony against said In the decision of the court, it stated that the court of the State of Missouri. It seems, there

Mitchell, until the rendition of an opinion by the Supreme seizure of property took place some distance north

Court of the United States upon the writof error aforesaid, fore, if the House will take such action upon this

and it shall be the duty of said Secretary of the Treasury to of the place where the battle of Sacramento was bill as to meet the views which have been stated

cause such security to he entered by the United States as fought. It was at the time, however, when Colo- | by the gentleman from Missouri, (Mr. Phelps,]

shall indemnify and save said Mitchell harmless against nel Doniphan, with about nine hundred volun- justice would be done to every party, and the in

said judgment. teers, was proceeding upon his march to the city

Be it enacted, That whenever the Attorney General of terests of the Government would be protected.

the United States shall certify to the Secretary of the Treas. of Chinuahua, a city containing a population of The interests of this individual, whose services ury, that the writ of error in the cause aforesaid has failed, from twenty to twenty-five thousand inhabitants. have been stated to be highly meritorious, will be or that no further steps can be taken at law or in equity, Whilst on this march he received information that protected, and there surely can be no objection

whereby to avoid the payment of said judgment in favor of the Mexicans had assembled in large force and by the Government to such a course. If upon an

said Harinony, rendered in the State of Missouri, then it

shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury, and he were prepared to give battle. The information investigation upon the merits of this case, which is hereby authorized to liquidaic and satisfy said judgment, was true, and the battle of Sacramento was shortly will come up in the argument upon the writ of

damages, and costs, out of any money in the Treasury not after fought, in which nine hundred of our volun- error, it shall turn out that there is error, and the

otherwise appropriated. teers were engaged against more than four thou- judgment be reversed, there will be an end of the Mr. M. continued. If I can have the ear of the sand Mexicans. The traders and teamsters accom

matter, and the case will be decided upon its House for five minutes I think I can make the panying our army amounted to three hundred.

merits. The only suspicion that has arisen in merits of this substitute understood. They were organized by command of Colonel reference to this matter, it strikes me, has arisen A Voice. We understand them already. There Doniphan into two companies, commanded by from the fact, that the individual whose property is no need for explanation. Captains Glasgow and Skillman, composing a was originally taken is said to have been willing Mr. MARSHÅLL. The gentleman says there battalion under the command of Colonel Owens, a to have received a far smaller amount in satisfac- ! is no need for explanation. If my amendment trader from Missouri, who was killed in the battle tion of damages than has been now recovered covers, then, the proper view of the case, I hope of Sacramento.

against Colonel Mitchell. Every gentleman who I shall be allowed to offer it, and that it will be The seizure of Harmony's goods was consum- is acquainted with the manner in which these mat- | adopted. I will state that I have looked into the mated when he was compelled by Colonel Mitch- ters are presented and disposed of here, and with record in relation to this case, and for


I will ell to follow in the rear of the army, and when his the rules of evidence which would apply to cases not vote for the payment of this money so long teamsters were ordered (if the emergency should of this kind in an investigation, according to the as there is a chance for reversing the judgment arise) to abandon the teams and whips, shoulder strict rules of law in court, will see at once that in relation to that case. I hope the motion to the rifle, and fight our enemies.

this might well exist, and an individual might be postpone will be voted down, unless the gentleman I therefore hope that the motion of the gentle willing to take upon the immediate action of the from Michigan (Mr. STUART) will consent to withman from Michigan (Mr. STUART) will not pre- Government a smaller sum, which would cover draw it. vail. If any relief is to be given Mitchell, it must about his outlay of expenditure upon these goods; Mr. STUART. I have no objection to withbe given speedily. I am willing to go as far as whereas if he was driven into a court of justice drawing my motion to postpone, if the gentleany man can go to protect the rights of the Gov- and was obliged to defend his case, he would in- man's object can be effected by it. If I understand ernment, and at the same time I ask that you pro- sist upon all that the rules of law would give him, the order of business-my motion being withtect the rights of the citizen. I am desirous of a and those would give him the full, the enhanced drawn--the question will recur upon the motion full investigation of the question. I wish not to value of all these goods that were taken from him to reconsider the vote by which the bill was avoid it. I was importuned by my friends to shut and destroyed by Colonel Mitchell.

ordered to be read a third time; and should that out discussion. I do not wish it to be stated that A Voice. They were not destroyed.

prevail the gentleman's substitute will be in order. Colonel Mitchell has called upon this House and Mr. SEYMOUR. Whatever it may have been, The SPEAKER. The substitute will then be the Congress of the United States to do an impro- they were taken out of his possession, and he lost in order.

the value of them at any rate. I hope the motion Mr. STUART. Then I will withdraw the Let me remark, that by the laws of our State, the gentleman from Michigan (Mr. STUART) motion to postpone. real estate can only be sold on execution during will not prevail, and that the House will now re- The question was then taken, and the House

consider the vote by which the bill has been or- agreed to reconsider the vote by which the bill real estate upon which to levy the execution, it dered to a third reading, and that the amendment was ordered to be read a third tiine. would be his duty to levy upon personal prop- which has been indicated by the gentleman from Mr. MARSHALL. I now offer my amenderty of the defendant, and that can be sold upon Missouri (Mr. Phelps) will be adopted, and then ment as a substitute for the bill. ten days' public notice. Harmony has the entire complete justice can be done to all parties, and the The SPEAKER. The Chair supposes, before control of this judgment, and from this time for- | rights of all secured.

the amendment is received, the question must be ward no indulgence to Mitchell can be expected. Mr. HOUSTON. Is it in order to ask the pre- taken on reconsidering the vote ordering the main

Mr. SEYMOUR. I wish to ask the gentleman | vious question upon this motion to postpone? question to be put. from Missouri a question. If I understood him The SPEAKER. It is.

Mr. HALL. Can the amendment not be ofLo say he would be satisfied if this hill could be Mr. HOUSTON. Then I make such motion? fered by unanimous consent? so modified that the Attorney General of the Mr. PHELPS. I learn that the gentleman The SPEAKER. By unanimous consent the United States, in the name of Mitchell, should be from Alabama asks for the previous question. I entire action under the previous question may be authorized to prosecute the suit in the Supreme | only desire to know wliether it will exiend further considered. Court, and also obtain a stay of execution upon than the question to postpone?

There was no objection, and the amendment the judgment in Missouri ?

The SPEAKER. 'The Chair decided the other was then declared to be in order. Mr. PHELPS. Yes, sir; I said this. I am day that the previous question did apply only to Mr. HEBARD. I believe the question now satisfied if we could, by our act here, substitute | the question to postpone, which decision was sus- pending is upon the adoption of the substitute.

per act.

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Mr. OLDS. Is debate in order?

what ground, upon what basis, a judgment was troops, and he also made an inventory of them in The SPEAKER, It is.

rendered against Colonel Mitchell for $95,000? | the month of February or March, 1847. The Mr. HALL. I thought the previous question Perhaps it can be explained; but I am noi willing number of yards is specified. It shows the numhad been called upon this amendment.

to vote this money until I can have some proot, ber of bales, and the number of yards in each The SPEAKER. So it had, but by unanimous other than that which I now possess, that it ought bale of the various articles taken. The prices of consent it was set aside in order to admit the to be paid. I think some investigation should be the other articles were furnished by the testimony amendment.

made into the matter. If I am correctly informed, of Aranjo and Oliver. Mr. HALL. I understood that unanimous Colonel Mitchell made an agreement in relation to Mr. HEBARD. It has turned out as I supconsent was given for the gentleman from Ken- the amount of damages to which Harmony was posed it would when investigating the testimony, tucky (Mr. MARSHALL) to introduce his amend- entitled.

and it conforms to the supposition ! had before. meni merely, but not io interfere with the pre- Mr. PHELPS. The gentleman is mistaken in The testimony of these witnesses, whose names i vious question,

regard to the facts. Colonel Mitchell made no would not attempt to pronounce, says that this The SPEAKER. The Chair did not so under- | agreement in regard to the damages. The testi- kind of property, of which I am speaking, has stand it. The Chair understood the proposition, mony shows the amount of damages, and the been sold in Chihuahua for thirty-one and a quarand so propounded it, that unanimous consent judginent was rendered, I believe, upon the evi- ter cents per yard. should be given to remove the operation of the dence of three witnesses, who testify that the price Mr. PHELPS. The gentleman misunderstands previous question altogether.

which was allowed was the price at which the me. The testimony was “ that such goods have Mr. HÉBARD. I was proceeding to remark, property was valued in Chihuahua at the time it been sold,” not that these goods have been sold. that if I understood the purport of the substitute was taken.

Mr. HÉBARD. The gentleman misunderstood I should not be in favor of it. So far as I under- Mr. HEBARD. I should like to know of the me. I so stated, or intended to. What these stand the nature of the claim, the great question | gentleman from Missouri (Mr. Phelps) where goods could have been sold for is not known. He with me is as to its amount, and I desire a further this testimony was taken, because the facts he only 'says that goods like these could have been opportunity of inquiring into it before it is finally states do not corroborate those which I have be- sold for that price. Now, this whole matter shows acted upon. The effect of the substitute, as I fore me.

most conclusively to my mind that there has been understand it, will be to have a writ of error prose- Mr. PHELPS. The testimony was taken by an entire fictitious value placed upon these articles cuted for the purpose of showing whether or not virtue of a commission issued from the circuit for some purpose; whether for the benefit of Har. the judgment of the court below was made up court of the Southern district of the State of New

mony, or whether Colonel Mitchell is to share in properly or not. It was stated the other day by York. A portion of it was taken in the State of the enormous profits to be made upon them out of the gentleman from New York, (Mr. Haven,) | Missouri, a portion in New York city, and a part the Government in case this judgment is paid by that from a conversation he had with Judge Nel- of it, the testimony of one witness, either in New it, I do not undertake to say, but I undertake to son, he learned the fact that the question litigated Mexico or Chihuahua. I speak of the testimony say that there is an attempt here to do that which, in the circuit court before him was in relation to which was before the court, and not of that which if successful, will be an enormous swindle, in my the validity of the claim, but not in relation to the was taken in support of Harmony's memorial to judgment, upon the Government. These goods amount, but that the amount was agreed upon by Congress for relief.

are valued at a price three or four times the cost the parties. It was stated upon this floor the Mr. HEBARD. I was proceeding in my argu- of them here. other day when this bill was before the House, ment upon the assumption that the statement of Now look at this matter a little further. There that the plaintiff in the suit, Mr. Harmony, had the gentleman from New York, [Mr. Haven,) in is some other property besides these cotton goods; offered to take $30,000 for his claim, and the fact relation to the manner in which the judgment was and all this property together, estimated at the exwas not contradicted. Now, if this be true, I rendered, was correct; and in connection with that, orbitant and unreasonable price put upon it by the desire to know why a judgment was rendered in I took occasion to refer to the value put upon his claimant, amounts to only aboui $62,000. There favor of the plaintiff for $95,000? I have looked own goods by Mr. Harmony at the time he pre- were a few mules also taken, and those he estiinto the schedule prepared in the case to see if I sented his claim to Congress for relief.

mates at $100 a piece. That is a kind of property could find any reason for this judgment. I find Mr. PHELPS. I will state the testimony of of which I know little. He also claims, for damthat the estimates for the property taken on the John Gracia, who was sworn as a witness upon ages done to the mules and wagons while in the occasion to which it relates are made out in round the trial in the city of New York. He states he charge of Colonel Doniphan, the round sum of numbers. It consisted for the most part of what is acquainted with the traders, and familiar with $5,000. How many there were, and what the is called bleached shirting, and the amount is made the quality and price of goods in the Mexican | damage was, does not appear. The damage which out in round numbers at the rate of thirty-one and trade. His statement is merely in relation to the he claims is stated to be seventy-five per cent. upon one quarter cents per yard. The quality of the value of some particular goods. The testimony | the whole value, and the whole value is at the rate cloth is not in any way shown, but it is to be pre- of Mr. Low shows that the value of the goods, of about $ 100 each; in other words, he claims for sumed that

and of the mules and wagons taken near El Paso, damages done these mules, $75 each. Mr: PHELPS. I think I can explain in regard was $75,263 94, estimated according to the price Another item in this bill is, expenses for his men to that matter. The value of the property, estab- there. That the interest from the 10th of Feb- || and animals while in the charge of Colonel Donilished by the testimony taken in the case, was ruary, 1847, to the 10th of September, 1850, at phan, $5,000 in round numbers, without going $95,000, and was based upon the price the goods the rate of seven per cent., is $19,129 50, making into details of what those expenses consisted. He were worth in that country at the time and place in the aggregate $95,393 49. The whole judgment has charged for thirteen months, $6000; or for six they were taken. That testimony shows the was for some $90,000.

months extra, $4,000 more.

Now, sir, take his value of the goods, with the interest upon the Mr. HEBARD. The explanation of the gen- own bills which he has made out, take the estiamount, up to the time of the rendition of the tleman has not relieved my mind upon the point mates he has put upon his own property, and take judgment.

raised by me in the slightest degree. Now, this the interest upon it--it all amounts to only a little Mr. HEBARD. I can only say in relation to case does not show upon what ground the estimate more than $87,000. And deduct from this $5,000, it, that I have the documentary evidence before me, of the value of that property was founded. By which is less duties—I do not understand what it and it does not bear out any such conclusions. Í looking at the schedule, it will be seen, as I stated means it leaves the whole gross amount at will state the facts which are contained in this doc- before, that it is made up mainly of cotton goods, | $82,000.

It says the property consisted mostly of unbleached shirtings, put by the bale, at the Mr. PHELPS. In New Mexico and Chihuaunbleached shirting cotton, estimated at thirty-one price of thirty-one and a quarter cents per yard. || hua, they charged duties upon their goods by the and a quarter cents per yard. Now, that is a spe- Now, I wish to know upon what basis, either of wagon load. They charged the specific duty of cies of merchandise of which all of us know the witness or of the claimant himself, he puts a

$500 upon every wagon load of goods introduced something. We know that the article which is price of thirty-one and a quarter cents to cloth of into New Mexico, without regard to their value. here estimated at thirty-one and a quarter cents that description, which every gentleman who This duty upon ten wagon loads would amount to per yard, is worth from eight to ten cents. is acquainted with the article, knows can be pur- | $5,000, which Harmony did not have to pay A Voice. Less than that.

chased anywhere in the United States at from Mr. HEBARD. The matter of duty did not disMr. HEBARD. I am aware that it can be six to ten cents per yard. Now, I have not much tựrb me at all. What I want to know now is

, upon bought for much less than that, but I did not more to say upon this claim, but I wish to know what ground, and by what reason, and upon what choose to put it at the lowest prices. I presume upon what ground such a judgment was rendered proofthere should have been decreed by the this was an article which could be bought for six in the court of New York.

court a judgment for $95,000-some $13,000 more and a quarter cents per yard. Now, what will be Mr. PHELPS. In relation to the value of this I than Harmony claimed of Congress All that the actual expenses of transporting these goods property, permit me to read an extract from a dep- | know of this case is from an examination I made from the place in which they were purchased to osition taken in the city of Chihuahua, before of it a few days ago when it came up for investiChihuahua, I will not pretend to say: I do not Wiliam A. Hereford, Commissioner. It is from gation. I feel no sort of interest in it, and have no know; but I do not believe the cost of transporta- the deposition of José Maria Uria Naffarondo: feeling about it; but when sums as large as this tion would equal the price at which the cloth was

“To the sixth interrogatory he saith : That such goods are proposed to be drawn from the Treasury, ! purchased. come to this conclusion, and I do as the plaintiff left at Chihuahua could have been sold and choose to know that there is, at least, no fraud and not believe any gentleman upon this floor can come did sell in the city and State of Chihuahua, in and for sev- no fraudulent means made use of to swell up that to any other, from the proof furnished. This

eral months previous to the month of February, 1847, at the $95,000, then, must come from some other source following prices: the bleached shirting at thirty-one and a

amount. I hope, therefore, that before this amendquarter cents per vara, the prints at thirty-one and a quar- ment shall have been adopted, the bill will be sent than this property; for even at the price at which ter cents per vara, the brown shirting at thirty-one and a back to some committee, or left in some shape by it is estimated, it will only amount to about quarter cents per vara." The prices of various other ar

which there can be made a further investigation $80,000. I say, I do not believe a single gentle.

ticles are also given by this witness. man in this House can come to any other conclu- The witness testifies to the price of these goods

and report of the facts upon which this claim is

based for our action. sion than that this property was valued at more in the month of February, in the city of Chihua- Mr. PHELPS. I demand the previous question. than one hundred per cent. 'above its actual value. And before I ran vote to have this claim allowed He further testifies that he examined those goods the main question was ordered to be put; which

The previous question received a second, and and paid, as I said before, I want to know upon at the time they were there in the custody of those

main question was first on the amendment.



shall be allowed.

The question was then taken upon adopting the troduce his resolution and his bill without discus

HOMESTEADS. amendment by way of a substitute for the bill; sion or any further trouble. Thus States can get The House accordingly resolved itself into Comand it was agreed to. in their resolutions and bills.

mittee of the Whole on the state of the Union, amendment to be engrossed and the bill to be read an inquiry, if the Chair will answer, and I can get consideration of the special order, being House a third time; and it was agreed to.

it in no other way: Whether, since the com- bill No. 7, for the encouragement of agriculture, The bill was then read the third time, and the mencement of this Congress, the States have ever commerce, manufactures, and other branches of question now being, “Shall the bill been called through?

industry, by granting to every man, &c., one Mr. PHELPS demanded the previous question. The SPEAKER. They have not been. hundred and sixty acres of land.

Mr. MEACHAM. I wish to understand the Mr. JOHNSON. Thus we go back always to Tht CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Indiform of the bill as it is now amended.

the beginning, and some States never will be ana (Mr. Fitch) is entitled to the floor. The SPEAKER. The bill will be read for the called. It is not right.

Mr. FITCH said, that if, upon examining the information of the House.

Mr. KING, of New York, demanded the yeas | bill under consideration, he should find it suffiThe bill was then read through by the Clerk- and nays.

ciently guarded to prevent frauds, his voie would being the substitute of Mr. MARSHALL, as pub- Mr. ORR. Is it in order to move that the rules || be cast in its favor. lished in a preceding column.

be suspended, and that the House resolve itself He then proceeded to review the various subThe call for the previous question was seconded, | into Committee of the Whole on the state of the jects referred to in the President's message, and and the main question ordered to be put. Union?

said that in so doing he should not attempt or wish Mr. GOODENOW demanded the yeas and The SPEAKER. The Chair thinks that it is to intimate any charge against the President, or nays upon the passage of the bill; which were not not, while the motion is pending to suspend the anything against his character as a citizen or a ordered.

rules—this being Monday, and that motion being man, neither would he charge him with corruption. The bill was then read a third time and passed. || in order. But the Chair further states that it He respected Mr. Fillmore as a man and an officer, Mr. PHELPS moved to reconsider the vote by || would be in order to move to go into the Commit- but considered many of his acts and recommendwhich the bill was passed, and to lay the motion tee if there was not already pending a motion to ations as the result of erroneous opinions and of to reconsider upon the table; which latter motion suspend the rules for a different purpose.

a policy injurious to the public. was agreed to.

The yeas and nays were then ordered.

He then alluded to our foreign policy, as set
Mr. FLORENCE. If this motion is voted

forth in the message, and thought that the Presidown, will it not be in order to call the States for | dent correctly adhered to the doctrine of non-inMr. THOMPSON. I offer the following reso- resolutions, beginning at where the Speaker left tervention. He, however, condemned the course lution: off on the last day?

pursued by the Administration in relation to the Resolved, That this day he appropriated, to the exclu- The SPEAKER. That will be the effect. invasion of Cuba, and censured the President for sion of all other business, to the call of States, beginning The question was then taken upon the suspen- i his outlawry proclamation, which withdrew all with the State of Maine, for resolutions and bills of which

sion of the rules, and decided in the negative protection in advance. There could be no doubt previous notice has been given, and upon which no debate yeas 56, nays 121; as follow:

that had the President insisted that all of the citi

YFAS-Messrs. Willis Allen, John Appleton, William Mr. ORR objected.

zens who were embarked in that enterprise who Appleton, Thomas H. Bayly, Beale, Bell, Bennett, Bissell

, | might be captured should have a fair trial, such as Mr. THOMPSON moved a suspension of the Breckinridge, Albert G. Brown, Busby, Chandler, Coteb: existing treaties entitled them to, and many lives rules for the purpose of enabling him to introduce

Fitch, Florence, Thomas J. D. Fuller, Gamble, Gentry, || and much suffering might have been avoided. the resolution just indicated.

Gorman, Hall, Hamilton, Hendricks, Houston, Howard, Great Britain was never known to abandon her The question was then taken-there being upon Thomas M. Howe, Ingersoll, Andrew Johnson, Lockhart, citizens, but always insisted upon the fulfillment a division-ayes 80, noes 42.

Mace, Humphrey Marshall, Mason, McCorkle, McDonald,
McMullin, McNair, Andrew Parker, Penn, Porter, Price,

of treaty stipulations, and it was because that Mr. FOWLER called for tellers, which were

Robbins, Schermerhorn, Skelton, Snith, Sianly, Thaddeus country did protect the lives and rights of her ordered.

Stevens, Stone, St. Martin, Stuart, Taylor, George W. citizens that her flag was so universally respected. Mr. CARTTER. I wish to inquire whether Thompson, and Walstı-56.

He did not justify the invasion of Cuba, but de

NAYS--Messrs. Abercrombie, Allison, Averett, Babthe order proposed for calling the States in that

cock, Barrere, Bartlett, .. H. Boyd, Brags, Brenton, Briggs,

sired to see it defeated. resolution begins with the State last called, or goes Brooks, G. H. Brown, Buell, Burrows, E. C. Cabell, Jo. He next reviewed that part of the message reback to the first?

seph Cable, L. D. Campbell, Thompson Campbell, Carter, lating to our domestic policy, and suid that to that The SPEAKER. It proposes to commence with the State of Maine.

land, Clinginan, Colcock, Conger, Cottman, Culloni, Curtis, || portion of it which related to the compromise he

G. T. Davis, Dimmick, Disney, Doty, Durkee, Edgerton, took no exception. It breathed a spirit which Mr. DISNEY. I wish to be informed what Evans, Ewing, Ficklin, Floyd, Fowler, Freeman, H. M. offered every desirable assurance of domestic tranState will be called, if we proceed to the regular Fuller, Gaylord, Giddings, Gilmore, Goodenow, Green, 1 quillity and the perpetuity of our Government. order of business? bard, Henri, Hibbard, Holladay, Horsford, Thomas Y. How,

The compromise having been passed, surely no The SPEAKER. The Chair is informed by Jves, Jackson, Jenkins, James Johnson, John Johnson, right-minded citizen could desire to see reproduced the Clerk that South Carolina was last called. Robert W. Johnson, Daniel T. Jones, J. Glancy Jones, | all that excitement which accompanied its discusMr. DISNEY. How many Stales had been George G. King, Preston King, Kuhns, Kurtz, Landry, Ed

sion and the questions connected with it. The called up to that time?

ward C. Marshall, McLanahan, McQueen, Meacham, Mil-
Jer, Molony, Henry D. Moore, John Moore, Morehead,

Democrats of the North had everywhere, through The ŚPEAKER. The gentleman can count Morrison, Murray, Nabers, Newton, Olds, Orr, Outlaw, their press, their conventions, their candidates, for himself,

Samuel W. Parker, Peasleo, Penniman, Perkins, Phelps, | (State and Presidential,) with exceptions so few Mr. BRENTON. I desire to say, in reference

Rantoul, Riddle, Sackett, Savage, Schoolcralt, Schoon- and far between as to be insignificant, not only to this question

maker, Scudder, Scurry, Smart, Benj. Stanton, Richard
H. Stanton, Abr’m P. Stevens, Stratton, Benjamin Thomp.

evinced their willingness to abide by the comproThe SPEAKER. It is not debatable.

son, Thurston, Townshend, Wallace, Ward, Washburn, mise, but declared their intention to sustain it. Mr. BRENTON. I do not wish to, but merely Watkins, Wells, Addison White, Alexander White, Will But how was it with the Whigs? Some opposed to present a question of order, and it is this: cox, Wildrick, Woodward, and Yales--121.

the compromise, and others lent it but a lukewarın Whether this resolution does not suspend the So the rules were not suspended-two thirds not

support. standing rules of the House? voting therefor.

Mr. F. then referred to that portion of the The ŠPEAKER. Certainly, if adopted.


message which relates to the tariff and finances, Mr. BRENTON. It is provided that no Mr. BROWN, of Mississippi, by unanimous and said that the President made no urgent appeal • amendment to the rules shall be introduced without consent, introduced a bill, of which previous no- for a modification of the tariff, for he looked to one day's previous notice being given.

tice had been given, authorizing the Legislature of || little else than a change of duties from ad valorem The 'SPEAKER. The gentleman will remem- the State of Mississippi to sell the lands hereto- to specific. When it was taken into consideraber that by a special rule of the body, it is in fore appropriated for the use of schools in that tion that this lukewarm recommendation came order to move to suspend the rules of the House for State, and to ratify and approve the sales already from a man who was the principal advocate of particular purposes on Mondays, and only then. I made.

the tariff of 1842, it spoke volumes for the tariff The Chair thinks that there can be no question in It was read a first and second time, and referred of 1846. It might well be questioned whether the regard to the legitimacy of the resolution pro- to the Committee on Public Lands.

President's views had not undergone a change, for posed.

Mr. HALL. I move that the rules be suspend- he evinced too much good sense in other matters Mr. BRENTON. Another point is, that the ed, and that the House resolve itself into Commit- i still to hold the antiquated tariff opinions of that resolution provides that the Speaker shall com- tee of the Whole on the siate of the Union.

period. mence with the State of Maine, whereas the rule Mr. HOUSTON. I ask the gentleman from In reference to the finances, they appeared to requires that he shall commence where he left off Missouri whether he will not yield the floor until be in a very prosperous condition, and the predicat the last call.

I can make a motion to postpone for a day or two, tions of the Whigs of deficiencies under the presThe SPEAKER. The Chair will state, for the or indefinitely, the special order that is now up ent tariff were classed among the predictions of information of the House and the gentleman, that for discussion before the Committee of the Whole the prophet Baal. He then referred to the estiif this resolution be adopted, it will, in his opin- on the state of the Union, for the purpose of mates of deficiencies made by the Secretaries union, exclude the motion to supend the rules for taking up the deficiency bill?

der the administration of General Taylor and Mr. this day, and this order of the House will be ex- Mr. HALL. I will not yield to any such prop-Fillmore, and said that instead of deficiencies surecuted to the exclusion of all other business, which osition as that. I think this bill is a matter of pluses have always occurred. He contrasted the is the calling of the States for resolutions and for more importance than the deficiency bill, a great views of Mr. Corwin on the tariff, and spoke of bills of which previous notice had been given, and deal.

the large expenditures of the present Adminisupon which the House must decide without de- The question was then taken, and the motion tration, declaring that it soughi to cast its own bate. That is the effect of the resolution. was agreed to.

pecuniary malfeasance upon the preceding AdminMr. JOHNSON, of Tennessee. Then, as 1 (A message was then received from the Senate istration. understand, if this resolution is adopted, it com- at the hands of ASBURY DICKENS, Esq., their Sec- (See Appendix for Mr. Fitch's speech.] mencing with Maine, allows every member to in- l retary.]

Mr. WILCOX next obtained the floor.

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Mr. NABERS. With the permission of my to forward a copy of these resolutions to the Governors of | rily filled the chair, (Mr. Richardson,) that they colleugue, as it is growing late, I move that the each State and Territory, and to each of our Senators and

were received by the House. Representatives in Congress. committee rise. APPROVED, January 23, 1851.

Mr. CLARK, (resuming.) I was proceeding Which motion was agreed to.

Mr. CLARK. However reluctant I may be to

to say that there might be those who might ask The committee rose

se accordingly, and the Speaker detain the House with any remarks of my own, 1 questions which they would conceive hard to be having resumed the chair, the chairman of the com- think it due to the source whence these resolutions that is universal for every individual, for every mittee reported that the Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, had had the Union gen- | character. I suppose that it can hardly fail to be come to submit a few reflections respecting their

mind. There is no such thing as rightful resis erally under consideration, and particularly the matter of interest to know what the opinions of other doctrine would be to make war upon ai

ance to law, while law is law. To contend for any special order, being House bill No. 7, to encour- the people of a State are respecting great subjects law, and to reduce law to anarchy, and nothing age agriculture, and for other purposes, and had

which have agitated and divided the public mind. come to no conclusion thereon.

else; for that is no law which some feel bound The language of these resolutions is, ihat it is the ARMY APPROPRIATION BILL. duty of every good citizen to conform to the requisi- rightfully disobey, and do disobey. It is easy

in conscience to obey, and others think they inay Mr. HOUSTON. I will ask the House to tions of the acts of compromise, and to carry them

enough to float smoothly on when no adverse ir. allow me to report the Army appropriation bill, out in good faith. Here is a principle-a moral

terests are met, when no prejudices are stirred; which I have had in my desk for some two weeks, principle worthy of the consideration of all, wor

but when, in the course of the rightful government in order that it may be printed. ihy to be enforced upon every American mind,

of law, these obstacles are met, what is it that is There was no objection. until its force shall be felt by all, and none shall

to cleave them down and suffer you to progress : Mr. HOUSTON, from the Committee of Ways deny its truth. It is said that the acts which emaand Means, reported

It is nothing short of that good faith which is se “ A bill making approprinate from the National Legislature rest upon the

forth in these resolutions, and which guaranties ations for the support of the Army for the fiscal Constitution as their foundation, and this is un

to all their rights according to the letter and the year ending 30th of June, 1853;" which was read doubtedly true; but another question arises of no spirit of the Constitution; and it is precisely this å first and second time by its title, referred to the small importance, and that is, upon what does the

which has made this country stand out in unr Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, Constitution itself rest? It is a superstructureand ordered to be printed. it is but a created thing. What underlies its foun

valed individuality before the world and upon the dations and sustains it? It is that principle which is

page of history; and it is precisely for the lack IOWA ON THE COMPROMISE MEASURES.

this that so many nations, struggling for freedora, set forth in these resolutions, namely, good faithMr. CLARK. I ask the unanimous consent that good faith which metes out to all their rights have fallen so far

. in arrear of the best hopes are of the House to allow me to introduce joint reso- the full measure of their legal, specific, and cove

expectations of those who would have cheered lutions from the Legislature of the State of Iowa nanted rights. It has been often said, that every

them on to the proud position which we occupy.

There was no good faith on the part of the Grerespecting the coinpromise. system of laws rests upon something external for

cian States. A spirit of rivalry and selfishtes There was no objection.

its support. This is unquestionably true, and Mr. CLARK. I believe, by the rules and cus- we know what that foreign thing is. In almost

overrode and destroyed their confederation. They tom of the House, it will be my privilege to sub

first destroyed themselves, and were then desallother Governments except this, it is the soldier's init a few remarks explanatory of the resolutions. arm, and the bayonet wielded by the soldier, and troyed by a common enemy. They lacked tha: I will ask the Chair whether it is not in order, by

good faith which, as the cornmon bond of union, both wielded by the will of a single mind. But it

as the great fountain of preservation, might have the rules, when a resolution is offered briefly to is different here. The very nature of this Gov.

saved them from the conquering Roman. Had state its contents? ernment is such as to repel ihe principle of force

Poland been united in her counsels and her lead The SPEAKER. It is. The gentleman has in its support and execution. It is an emanation that right. of the will of the people; and the very idea of force

ers, I am not sure that it could have been proved

to this day that she might not have successMr. HOUSTON. I do not wish to interfere applied to the freedom of will is both unreasona

fully resisted the Russian and the Austrian towith the remarks the gentleman from lowa pro- ble and contradictory. What are the enactments

gether. And what has been the bane of pois poses to make at all; but for the sake of a prece- of law but the will of Government? --and what is Hungary? It has been more the want of devotar dent I would ask him if it would not be better to the will of Government but the will of the peo

to one another; more the existence of intestine, send up the resolutions and to discuss them upon ple? And, if there be opposing interests as there the proposition to print? Until the proposition to always will be in so great a country--the safety unfortunate, despised France? The ambition of

than foreign foes. And what of poor, pitiab'e, print is made, the gentleman, I suppose, cannot of the whole requires the sacred upholding of those be permitted to discuss the resolutions or their laws which embrace and grant relative protection

an unprincipled leader, and the magic of a mere contents. to them all and this is to be found in the ob

name, have trampled under foot the good faith of

the Constitution, and removed her at a greater The SPEAKER. The gentleman from lowa servance of good faith on the part of each section

distance from constitutional freedom than she ever is only entitled, as the question now stands, to a towards the other. And when this shall be oblit

was before. It is well nigh as impossible to up, brief statement of the contents of the resolutions. erated and destroyed, there is no sure foundation Mr. CLARK. I move that the resolutions be upon which such'a Government as this can rest.

root the institutions and destroy the nationality of printed. Force in a Government like this is to be employed lowship of good faith, as it is to tear asunder the

a people who are bound to each other by the fel. Mr. ABERCROMBIE called for the reading. only against its enemies, which are never supposed everlasting hills. We have experienced scenes of The resolutions were then read as follow: to be * of its own household.” It is true that you

excitement and trouble here. We have seen dan Preamble and resolutions in reference to the compromise may put down a rebellion like that of Shay's, ir:

ger in the prospective, and we have shrunk from measures passed by the Congress of the United States : Massachusetts, by military force. You may quell Whereas, The Congress of the United States at its last an insurrection like that which existed in Pennsyl

those scenes. 'Yet they have pussed by, and not session adopted a series of acts known as the compromise vania, denominated the whisky insurrection, by ' scarcely a tile from the roof; and the result is in

a stone has been removed from the foundation, nor measures, and whereas there has been manifested throughout portions of the North and South a disposition to set a

military force. But whenever the military force portion of said acts at defiance, and thereby declare an open of this Government shall be arrayed against the

be found in one single fact, and that is-obedience

to law. resistance to the power of the Governinent and its laws: military force of a State Government, and a drop and whereas, in view of our duty to the Government and of blood shall be spilt or a blow struck, there will of the State whence I come need the cold and in

But, perhaps, it may be inquired if the people for the purpose of showing to all portions of the Union our be wounds created so deep that no time can heal, | perious

teachings of duty to cause them to submu? firm and unyielding devotion to its cause and its institutions, we deem proper to make some public demonstration of our resentments so flagrant that no grace can pardon,

io the enactments of law? I would answer, that views and feelings: therefore

and ruin so wide-spread that no wisdom can reResolved, That in the opinion of this General Assembly,

is true only in limited circles. And gentlemen wzi construct. " the Constitution of the United States is a compact, a fundamental treaty," and that in order to our continued pros.

I believe there is such a thing as morality of when they know that the people of lowa have

be prepared to believe the truth of what I state, perity and happiness, that the Constitution and the laws of law; not that morality alone which determines the always been found in the course of public duy the land must be respected and obeyed.

Resolred, That we will give no countenance or aid to dience to the provisions of law. It arises upon councils, or marked her public course. She has thone North, or South, who set up " their own rule of conduct" in opposition to, and as being higher than the Con

the enactment of law, it is coextensive with it, stitution; and while we would give the largest latitude to it subsists with it; and from its obligations there is

trod in the same path in which the fathers trod.

In those paths she delights to walk, and in theta thought, speech, and action, yet such an avowal we regard no escape. It is true that the casuist and carper as meriting unmixed condemnation ; its inevitable tendency

she will continue to walk. She has not taken may conceive that they can ask hard questionsas to being hazardous to that union which we hereby declare ourselves bound to maintain by any and all means in our what shall be done in case Congress shall enact

for her guidance the higher law” doctrine, falsely

so called, “which leads to bewilder and dazzles laws that are flagitious and immoral in their char

to blind.” But the higher law of truth she delights Resolved, That whatever may be the opinions of indi- acter. I answer, that if the supposition were posviduals as to the policy or details of said coinpromise meas

to honor, and this is that law: ures, yet it is the duty of every good citizen to conform to

sible, it is the duty of every citizen to obey their requisitions and carry them out in good faith; seeking

Mr. HEBARD, (interrupting:) I rise to in

“Let every soul be subject unto the bigher powers, for

there is no power but of God; the powers that be are * their modification or repeal, it such should be necessary, in quire whether any question is before the House? the manner contemplated by the Constitution and laws. The SPEAKER. A motion to print.

“Whosoever, therefore, resisteth the power, resistet she Resolved, That the Constitution should be our guide, s-and in questions of doubt we should look for its interpre

Mr. CABELL, of Florida. The resolutions

ordinance of God; and they that resist shall prceive to

themselves damnation--for rulers are not a terror to good tation to the judicial decisions of the tribuual which was have never been received.

works, but to the evil. Wilt thou, then, not be afraid of the established 10 expound it, and to the usages of the Govern- Mr. HEBARD. I would inquire whether the power? Do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise ment sanctioned by the acquiescence of the country ;" that resolutions had been received ? all its provisions are equally binding ; that it is the will of the people expressed in the most solemn form; that no pre

The SPEAKER. They had been received by We all know that among the measures known as tense of utility, no honest conviction even of what might be unanimous consent.

the compromise measures, that denominated the expedient can justify the assumption of any power not Mr. CABELL. They were only read for in- fugitive slave law presented the most difficulty. I granted, or the violation of its provisions;' and that we deem it our first duty noi to "invade its requirements or nullify

formation. its commands."

The SPEAKER. I ain informed it was the brate to discord, and I hupe thai I shall not do so.

would not here touch any string which could "Resolved, That the Secretary of State is hereby directed understanding of my predecessor, who tempora- ll but perhaps I ought in candor to say, that our peo


dained of God.

of the same."

ple are no admirers of the special institutions of Mr. FLORENCE. I ask the unanimous con- of Crawford county, Pennsylvania, an old soldier, praying the South, but they are willing that the people of sent of the House to submit certain resolutions

for a pension.

By Mr. SUTHERLAND: The memorial of the Chamber the South should manage their own affairs in passed by a meeting of soldiers of the war of 1812,

of Commerce of the city of New York, in relation to the their own way. We do not seek to dictate to in the city of Philadelphia, in regard to bounty 1 tonnage duty on the vessels of France and of the United them; we do not seek to bring them under tutelage land. I ask that they may be read.

States in the ports of each other, and recommending that to us. Our people have learned obedience to law Objection was made.

the 5th article of our treaty with France be so altered that

the vessels of each nation shall pay no higher tonnage duties and social duty. In the midst of those great On motion of Mr. ORR, the House then ad

in the ports of the other than the vessels of France and of principles where they have learned to forbear to | journed to twelve o'clock to-morrow.

the United States may pay in their own ports, respectively. say to their neighbor, "Stand by thyself, for I am

By Mr. BUELL: The remonstrance of 10 citizens of holier than thou"--where they have learned to


New York, against the renewal of the Woodworth patent. By Mr. HEBARD: A bill entitled "An act to grant bounty Charles Guanell, William F. Drew, and 283 others,


By Mr. SCUDDER: The petition of Timothy G. Cofin, forbear to make themselves "busy bodies in other men's matters"_where they have learned to re- land to Zachariah Bossett, for services and privations in the revolutionary war."

of New Bedford, Massachusetts, in favor of the extension of ect “profane and old wives' fables," and where

Also, a bil entitled "An act to place the name of Garner

the Woodworth patent.

By Mr. MACE: The memorial of Nathaniel Ingles, Alhey have learned to yield assent to the great Rix on the list of revolutionary pensioners."

len Barnes, and 40 others, citizens of Carroll and White ruth that “the powers that be are ordained of

counties, Indiana, praying for the passage of a law prohibGod."


iting all persons in the employ of the Government from Sir, it is upon the broad platform of the Constitu- The following petitions, Inemorials, &c., were presented transacting business on the Sabbath. Eon that we meet our brethren from the other side

under the rule, and referred to the appropriate committees : By Mr. PARKER, of Indiana : The petition of James f a certain line, and we are willing to meet them

By Mr. PORTER: The petition of Jeremiah J. West, of

Smith, William H. Vanneman, and 121 others, citizens of Callaway county, Missouri, for permission to locate land

Wayne county, Indiana, praying that the Woodworth patpon that platform in all social duties, and in all

warrants Nos. 27, 619, and 1092, issued in the names

of ent be not extended; that no act be passed legalizing the uties which are required in our relations to the Jane Chambers, John West, William West, Elizabeth Gen

reissue of the patent upon the amended specification of Constitution, to the law, and to the Government. denier, Emily West, Jeremiah J. West, and Louisa Fields,

1845; and no general law for the relief of patentees, which as heirs of Jolly West, for the benefit of all the parties

shall enable a particular patentee to crush all others by a Mr. Speaker, with this feeling upon the part of named therein.

single suit. =ur people, with this devotion to the Constitution By Mr. MILLER: The petition of sundry citizens of

By Mr. SCHERMERHORN : The remonstrance of Alfred nd the Union as they exist, you will be pre- || Missouri, praying Congress to permit them to locate other

Hoyt and others, of Monroe county, New York, against the ared to believe that they were weighed down land in lieu of a certain sixteeth section.

further extension of the Woodworth patent. By Mr. MOORE, of Louisiana: The petition of Henry

By Mr. McLANAHAN: The memorial of Mrs. Sarah with feelings of anxiety and trouble, when but McCallen and 76 other citizens of the parishes of Sabine

M. Smead, of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, widow of Captain wo years ago anarchy almost reigned in this and Natchitoches, praying for a change in a mail route.

Raphael C. Smead, deceased, late of the fourth regiment of nigh place of legislation ; when cool, discrimi- Also, the petition of Mrs. Louise Pintard Screven, widow

the United States artillery, praying for a continuation of her ating, far-seeing, patriotic Senators could not of Lieutenant Colonel R. B. Screven, asking a pension.

pension of $20 per month, for the services of her deceased

husband liscover the soundings, or see even the twilight and 189 others, citizens of Washington county, Pennsylva

By Mr. ALLISON: The petition of Richard Donaldson
hat comes before the
nia, for a law prohibiting the transportation and delivery of

But, sir, there was encouragement in the fact the mail on the Christian Sabbath or Lord's day.
hat these men stood as firm as the pillars which
Also, a similar petition signed by the Rev. Josiah Hutch-

Tuesday, March 9, 1842.
man and 71 others, citizens of Lawrence county, Pennsyl.
urround you—that they abated nothing of their vania.

Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev.C. M. Butler. energy, nothing of their hope, nothing of their Also, two petitions signed by D. L. Morris and 71 others, EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS. aith, nothing of their works. And at last the citizens of Lawrence county, Pennsylvania, for a modifi

cation of the existing tariff laws, so as to inore etfectually norning did come, and brought light with it; and

A message was received from the President of protect the manufacturing interests of the country, we are willing to rejoice in that light. It may be

the United States, transmitting to Congress a dis

Also, two petitions signed by James Brice and G. V. hat these remarks will be regarded as of little value Lawrence, ciüzens of Washington County, Pennsylvania, | Minister of the United States at Mexico, and the

patch addressed to the Secretary of State by the sy some, and perhaps they may be so regarded with propriety; but I cannot forbear to say that

Also, the petition of John Steen, of Beaver county, Penn- / papers therein referred to, relative to the cemetery it is the fate of human conditions to be attended sywania, a soldier of the war of 1812, for a pension?

which has been constructed in the neighborhood with murmurers. The best were not exempt || citizens of Pennsylvania, for protection to the Wheeling of that city, as a place of sepulture for the remains from them. They were found in the midst of bridge.

of the officers and soldiers of the United States that people of ancient days, who above all others

By Mr. BELL: The petition of Frank Holliday and c. who died or were killed in that vicinity during the

B. Millson, deputy marshals of Montgomery county, Ohio, late war, and for such citizens of the United States were favored by an overruling Providence-who praying for additional compensation in taking the census of were led by more than land-marks of human said county,

as may hereafter die there. Also, a copy of the wisdom, by the “pillar of cloud and the pillar of

Also, the perition of 100 citizens of Greene county, Ohio, report of the agent who was sent for the purpose fire"-and when in their necessities they were

praying for the establishment of a mail route from Spring of superintending the work, from which it appears

Valley, in Greene county, Ohio, via Bell Brook to Dayton, that $2,500 or $3,000 are required in addition to bo unteously fed by a hand above them, without Ohio, with letter of Department. care and without labor, while yet the flesh was be

By Mr. WHITE, of Kentucky: The petition of Charles the amount already appropriated by act of Contween their teeth they murmured. And when the

c. Carson as adıninistrator of Captain James Dysart, de gress, to carry the object of that appropriation into law was being given them for their protection, and

ceased, for land and commutation for full pay for services | full effect. The message was read, and referred

rendered in the war of the Revolution. to better their condition, they preferred a calf to By Mr. CHANDLER: The petition of Charles F. Sel

to the Committee on Foreign Relations. their God. And if all the minutiæ of their history buld for money due him on timber contracts with the Navy A message was also received from the President could be known, I think it possible they might

Department, erroneously paid by order of that Department. of the United States, transmitting a letter from

Also, the memorial of Benjamin T. Howe, and 77 other have murmured even at the passage of the Red citizens of Philadelphia, asking for a renewal of the patent

the Governor of the Territory of Minnesota, with sea-murmured because the walls of water were for Wordworth's planing machine.

the statements to which it refers, of the disbursenot removed a little further apart, or because the Also, the remonstrance of Joseph R. Atkins, Stephen ments up to the 1st of January last, of the money spray was permitted to invest them, or because the Webs, and 195 other carpenters of the city and county of appropriated by the act approved June 11,

1850, Philadelphia, against the extension of the Wordworth patent for the erection of public buildings in that Terristones were not all removed from the bottom. But, sir, we would rather

take up the spirit of the the signers are all carpenters as set forth in the remon- ! tory; which was read, and referred to the Comsong which was then and there sung: "right hath

mittee on Finance. triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider are

By Mr. WELCH: The petition of 90 citizens of Wash- The PRESIDENT pro tem. laid before the Sen

ington county, Ohio, praying that the bridges of the Wheel | ate a copy of the revised statutes of the Territory cast into the sea."

ing and Belmont Company may be established as post of Minnesota, passed at the second session of the Mr. HEBARD. I would inquire if the question is on the motion to print?

By Mr. BISSELL: The memorial of Mrs. Rosana Sow Legislative Assembly, commencing January 1, The SPEAKER. It is. ards praying for a pension.

1851; which was referred to the Committee on Mr. HEBARD. I move the previous ques

By Mr. ROBBINS: The petition of Samuel Potter, and Territories.

69 other citizens of the county of Philadelphia, asking Contion.

gress to pass an act for the extension of the Woodworth Also, a report of the Secretary of the Treasury, The previous question was seconded, and the patent.

made in compliance with a resolution of the Senate, main question ordered.

Also, the joint resolution of the Legislature of the State and accompanied by a copy of a report of a geo

of Pennsylvania instructing their Senators and Representa- logical exploration of California, by Joseph GritzThe question was then taken, and the resolu- tives to oppose every measure to establish a United States tions were ordered to be printed. Mint in the city of New York.

ner; which was read, and referred to the Commit-
By Mr. T. M. HOWE: The petition of Samuel Ashman, tee on Finance.

P. B. Barbeau. Robert R. Livingston, and others, praying,
for a beacon light on Round Island, near the entrance of

Mr. COBB. I have a set of resolutions from the river St. Marie, Michigan.

Mr. DAVIS presented two memorials of shipthe Legislature of Alabama, relative to a grant of Also, the remonstrance of William Wilkins, John B. owners, merchants, and other citizens of Massaland for school purposes in lieu of valueless six

Guthrie, Thomas Scott, and 500 other citizens of Alleghany i chusetts, praying that further aid may be extended teenth sections in the said State, which I desire to county, Pennsylvania, against the renewal of the Wood

to Collins's line of steam-ships; which were reworth patent. present and have them referred to the appropriate Also, the memorial of John Grier, and others, of Alle- || ferred to the Committee on Naval Affairs. committee. I will state that that committee has ghany county, Pennsylvania, praying for the construction Also, the petition of a committee of the New other similar resolutions under consideration, and

of a canal at the Falls of the river St. Marie, Michigan.
Also, the petition of J. Harrow Foster, and 600 other cit-

England Historic Geneological Society at Boston, I wish to have these presented now, and I wish izens of Western Pennsylvania, praying Congress to de- 1 praying that copies of the Journals and documents the unanimous consent of the House for that pur- clare " the forcible intervention of one State in the internal of Congress may be furnished for the use of that pose.

affairs of another State to be a violation of the public law Association; which was referred to the Committee Mr. ORR. Does the gentleman want to make

of the world."
Also, the petition of Matthew McDonald, a citizen of

on the Library:
a speech upon them?
Pennsylvania, for an allowance of $220 15, alleged to be

Also, the petition of Edward Everett and others, Mr. COBB. Certainly not. I only want to re- due him on an equitable settlement for work performed for || praying that the New England Historic Geneofer them. the Government.

logical Society, at Boston, nay be furnished with There was no objection, and they were accord

By Mr. BENNETT: The remonstrance of John A. Col copies of the Journals and documents of Congress; ingly presented and referred to the Committee on Public Lands

against the renewal or extension of the Woodworth patent which was referred to the Committee on the By Mr. CURTIS: The petition of Archibald Merriman, | Library.



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