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doctrine that a person not a stockholder cannot be joined with a stockholder.
2. Parties defendant.
when the corporation must be made a party defendant. § 4578.
exception where the corporation is dissolved or in liquidation. § 4580.
when third parties must be joined as defendants. § 4585.
third persons must be joined if their interests will be affected by the decree.
when third parties need not be joined. § 4587.
corporation must be brought in by process or publication. § 4588.
when stockholders not allowed to appear and defend. § 4590.
corporation when a necessary plaintiff. § 7566.
corporations as joint plaintiffs. § 7567.
when corporation a defendant in actions at law. § 7568.
when corporation is a necessary party defendant in equity. § 7570.
corporation when not a necessary party defendant. § 7572.
directors parties to actions affecting the trust reposed in them. § 7573.
directors, trustees, officers, agents, etc., when not necessary or proper parties.
when receivers entitled to be made parties. § 7576.
when stockholders may be parties defendant. § 7577.
further of this subject. § 7578.
stockholders for the corporation. § 7579.
statutory exceptions permitting stockholders to be summoned. § 7580.
what objections may be raised by one having no right to plead. § 7583.
to actions to enforce payment of dividends. § 2231.
to proceedings by creditors against stockholders. §§ 3481-3515.
corporation as party to suit in equity. § 4156.
See LIMITATIONS, STATUTE OF.
distinguished from corporation. § 13.
See REORGANIZATION; LIABILITY; PROMOTERS.
organization of. $ 169.
See DIVIDENDS; SHARES, subd. I.
of shares of stock. See SHARES.
foreign corporations are deemed persons when. 8 7900.
organization of pipe line company. $ 170.
See ACTIONS; PROCEDURE.
manner of alleging fraud. § 4595.
multifariousness. & 4602.
variance in respect of corporate name. § 7608.
associations. $ 7612.
agent. $ 7620.
statements before justices of the peace. § 7623.
pleading in actions on by-laws. § 7624.
declarations against corporations for improper or abusive exercise of statutory
powers. § 7625.
corporations plead and answer, how. § 7626.
non-joinder of corporation plaintiff pleadable in abatement. § 7627.
stage of proceedings at which it may so plead. § 7629.
plea of the dissolution of the corporation. § 7630.
plea of non est factum by a corporation. § 7631.
verification of pleadings by corporations. § 7632.
allegation of citizenship of corporations for purposes of Federal jurisdiction.
In quo warranto proceedings. See QUO WARRANTO.
in action by corporation for assessments. §§ 1823–1835.
questions of in actions to charge stockholders. §§ 3625-3645.
questions of in creditors' suit. §§ 3526-3533.
estoppel to plead ultra vires. §§ 6015-6024.
of dissolution of corporation. § 7630.
of non est factum by a corporation. § 7632.
of shares, remedies of. § 2656.
See MORTGAGES; SHARES.
1. Of shares, nature and incidents of the contract.
nature of a pledge: delivery essential. § 2615.
distinction between a pledge and a mortgage of shares. § 2616.
mortgage of shares with possession retained by mortgagor. § 2617.
title how vested after a pledge. § 2619.
sense in which an equitable title passes to the pledgee. § 2620.
absolute transfer may be shown by parol to be a pledge. § 2623.
taking such a pledge from a married woman.
illustration of an instrument held to be neither a pledge nor a mortgage. §2628.
status of the pledgee where the debt has been paid.
2. Validity as against third parties.
assignment in pledge without delivery not good against creditors without notice.
rights of attaching creditors of pledgor. § 2634.
illustration of an attempted pledge by a writing not good against a judgment
creditor. § 2635.
power of a pledgee to pass title to innocent purchaser. § 2636.
3. Returning the identical certificate.
a right to shares is not a right to certificates of a particular number. § 2642.
illustration: pledgee returning similar shares, though not the identical certifi-
analogous holdings as to the identity of shares. § 2646.
distinction between shares of stock pledged to secure a debt and fungibles in
rule not applicable to the case of shares of different values or kinds. § 2648.
custom to re-hypothecate or otherwise use the pledge. § 2650.
doctrine that pledgee bound to return identical certificate. § 2651.
grounds of these conflicting theories. $2652.
pledgee no right to sell before maturity. § 2653.
4. Enforcing the contract.
ordinary remedies of pledgee. § 2656.
his right of action. § 2657.
effect of the statute of limitations. § 2658.
right of pledgee to sell stocks or bonds. § 2659.
whether the pledgee bound to sell. § 2660.
pledgee bound to use diligence in realizing upon the security. § 2661.
whether a mortgagee is bound to see to enforcing contract of sale. § 2663.
when the pledgee must collect and not sell. § 2664.
interpretation of express powers of sale. § 2665.
express authority as to sale excludes implied authority. § 2666.
effect of authority to sell at board of brokers. § 2667.
notice and mode of sale. § 2668.
doctrine that where the pledgee purchases the pledge at his own sale there can
power to sell without notice not a power to sell without demand. § 2670.
custom of selling at private sale without notice void. § 2671.
this right to notice may be waived by contract. § 2672.
notice to redeem not necessary where time of payment fixed. § 2673.
pledgor cannot require sale to take place at any particular time. § 2675.
pledgee cannot purchase at his own sale. § 2677.
pledgee can purchase at a judicial sale. § 2679.
obligation of corporation to transfer to purchaser. § 2681.
tender of amount by pledgor not necessary to action. § 2684.
but pledgee may recoup such indebtedness. § 2685.
pledgee may show that the transfers were fictitious. § 2686.
another precedent. § 2688.
measure of damages in such cases. § 2689.
Exercise of over corporations.
general statement. § 5470.
nature and extent of the police power. § 5471.
in respect of the police power corporations stand on the same footing as indi-
the police power extends to the reasonable regulation of corporations. § 5473.
and to compelling the performance of their public duties. § 5476.
this power not in conflict with the exclusive power of Congress to regulate inter.
state commerce. § 5481.
restricting or prohibiting the manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquors.
punishing the sale of adulterated foods and drinks. § 5483.
regulation of water supply in cities. § 5484.
prescribing fire limits in cities. § 5485.
control of cemeteries. § 5486.
excluding cattle infected with contagious diseases. § 5487.
suppression of gambling, lotteries, etc. § 5488.
abrogation of lottery franchises. § 5489.
employment of women and children, and limiting hours of labor in factories.
regulation of contracts between employer and employé. § 5491.
decisions overthrowing such statutes. § 5492.
further of these decisions. § 5493.
continued. § 5494.
decisions affirming such statutes. § 5495.
whether the legislature can exercise this power under a reserved power of alter-
lsborers' lien laws. § 5497.
regulations of corporations using agencies protected by United States patents.