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paper, periodical, book, pamphlet, certificate, diploma, warrant or commission of appointment to office, ornamental picture, article of jewelry, or stationery for use in correspondence, on any of which shall be printed, painted, or placed the flag of the United States disconnected from any advertisement.

Connecticut, Laws 1917, ch. 130, pp. 2314-15; 2 Gen. Stat. 1918, sec.

6467. Similar provisions: Alabama, Gen. Acts 1915, No. 371, p. 346, which applies also to the Confederate flag; Alaska, Laws 1913, ch. 4, sec. 1, p. 3; Arizona, Penal Code, sec. 702, p. 145; California, Stat. 1909, p. 401; Penal Code 1915, sec. 310; Colorado, Rev. Stat. 1908, sec. 2599; Delaware, Rev. Code 1915, secs. 3469–70; Georgia, Laws 1917, secs. 1-3, pp. 203-4; Hawaii, Rev. Laws 1915, secs. 4223–25; Idaho, 2 Rev. Code 1908, sec. 7215; Illinois, 2 Ann. Stat. 1913, pars. 3681, 3684; Indiana, 1 Burns' Ann. Stat. 1914, secs. 2719–22; Iowa, Laws 1917, ch. 411, secs. 1-4, p. 437; Kansas, Gen. Stat. 1915, secs. 3706-8; Louisiana, Acts 1918, No. 220, pp. 401, 402; 1 Marr's Ann. Stat. 1915, secs. 2077–78; Maine, Rev. Stat. 1916, ch. 119, sec. 5, p. 1453; Maryland, Laws 1918, ch. 281, secs. 74a-e, pp. 676–7; Massachusetts, Rev. Laws 1902, ch. 206, sec. 5; Acts & Res. 1916, ch. 36; Acts & Res. 1917, ch. 289; Michigan, 2 Howell's Ann. Stat. 1912, secs. 4332-34; Minnesota, Gen. Stat. 1913, sec. 9012; Mississippi, Laws 1916, ch. 118; 1 Hem. Ann. Code 1917, sec. 903 (applies also to Confederate flag); Missouri, 2 Rev. Stat. 1909, secs. 4884, 4886; Montana, 2 Rev. Codes 1907, secs. 8875–77; Laws 1918, ch. 12; Nebraska, Rev. Stat. 1913, secs. 885253; Nevada, 2 Rev. Laws 1912, sec. 6603; New Hampshire, Laws 1915, ch. 87; New Jersey, 2 Comp. Stat. 1910, secs. 59-5h, p. 1745; New Mexico, Stat. 1915, secs. 1812-15; New York, Laws 1917, ch. 54, p. 106; Penal Laws, sec. 1425 (16); North Carolina, Laws 1917, ch. 271, p. 546; North Dakota, 2 Comp. Laws 1913, secs. 10232–35; Ohio, 6 Ann. Gen. ('ode 1910, secs. 12396–98; Oregon, 1 Lord's Laws 1910, secs. 2203–5 ; Porto Rico, Rev. Stat. 1913, secs. 958-61; Rhode Island, Gen. Laws 1909, ch. 349, secs. 39–41; South Carolina, Acts 1916, No. 537, p. 925; South Dakota, 2 Comp. Laws 1913, p. 652, sec. 744; Tennessee, Laws 1917, ch. 75; Code 1918, p. 2600a, secs. 6888a4–7; Texas, Gen. Laws 1917, 3 Called Session, ch. 22, p. 81; Tex. Gen. Laws 1917, ch. 123; Gen. Laws 1918, ch. 8, sec. 3; Utah, Comp. Laws 1907, sec. 4487x4-x6; Vermont, Gen. Laws 1917, sec. 7111; Virginia, Acts 1916, ch. 356, p. 608, Washington, Pierce's Code 1912, p. 760, tit. 135, sec. 843; West Virginia, Acts 1915, ch. 44; Wisconsin, Stat. 1917, ch. 185, sec. 457 4h; Wyoming, Comp. Stat. 1910, ch. 391, sec, 5984.

187. Displayed with names, symbols, pictures, or mottoes.-Flags displayed with names, symbols, pictures, or mottoes representing political parties and used for such purposes alone, and flags used by societies of a religious or fraternal nature, shall be exempt from the provisions of the uniform flag law.

New Hampshire, Laws 1917, ch. 109. 188. Not to be used as party emblem.-The coat of arms or seal of any State or of the United States, or the national flag, shall not be used as a party emblem on ballots for public elections.

Alabama, 1 Code 1907, sec. 376. Similar provision: Rhode Island, Laws 1909, ch. 11, sec. 24, p. 102.

189. Desecrating foreign flag.–Whoever publicly mutilates, tramples upon, defaces, or treats contemptuously the flag or emblem of a foreign country at peace with the United States, whether such flag or emblem is public or private property, or whoever displays such flag or emblem or any representation thereof upon which are words, figures, advertisements, or designs, shall be punished by a fine of not less than $5 nor more than $50.

Massachusetts, Acts & Res. 1912, ch. 197 FOOD, FUEL, AND SUPPLIES.

Section 190, 191

192 193

194 195–197


Food products:

Vacant lands to be farmed...
Private lands may be plowed..
Cultivation of land on Sunday.
Production and distribution.

Damaging food supplies..
Foreclosure of farm chattel mortgage..
Sale of necessities:

Municipalities and States

Hoarding and profiteering..
Electric current; shipbuilding plant to be supplied...
Water supplies:

Water supplied to concentration camps.
City may loan funds to corporation..

199, 200 201, 202


204 205

190. Vacant lands to be farmed.- The State council of defense will grant authority to citizens of this State who have the means and ability to enter upon any land owned by nonresidents, speculators, or persons unable, unwilling, or who are not cropping such land with grain needed by our Government for war purposes, and that is not rented or cultivated, and such person is authorized to sow and seed such land to a cereal or flax crop during the farming season of 1918. If the land has already been cultivated, the person taking possession shall deliver one-fourth of the crop to an elevator for the credit of the owner of the land; or if said land is newly broken by the person taking possession, he shall deliver one-tenth of such crop; and if said land is newly broken and seeded to flax, said person shall be entitled to sow and seed said land again for 1919 for the purposes of a war crop, and shall return to the owner, delivered at an elevator, one-fourth of said

second crop.

North Dakota, Res. No. 25, council of defense, May 24, 1918. Similar provisions: North Dakota, Res. No. 12, council of defense, March 14, 1918; Res. No. 15, council of defense, May 21, 1918; Res. No. 43, council of defense, July 9, 1918.

191. Vacant lands may be used.-All hay or grass lands which are not now in use for hay or grass privilege, or have not been rented for such purposes, or are not to be used for cereal grain production by plowing the same this season, shall be available during 1918 for purposes of taking therefrom the hay thereupon and for the use of the grass as feed. Any person who needs such hay or grass shall make application


to the county chairman or township chairman of the council of defense for a permit to use specified lands for hay or grass during 1918; the county chairman shall investigate the lands involved and the needs and demands of the persons making application and report the same to the State council of defense, which may grant permit to use such hay or grass lands during 1918. If the applicant receive permit to use lands, he shall pay to the owner for the use such sum as he and the owner may agree on; or if they can not agree, then such sum as shall be deemed by the county council of defense choosing one man and the owner choosing another, and these two a third, to decide. If the owner can not be found, the county council shall designate an impartial man to act for the owner, and the amount of money determined shall be paid either direct to the owner or by depositing the money with the county treasurer of the proper county before November 1, 1918.

North Dakota, Res. No. 35, council of defense, July 192. Private land may be plowed by city to assist in raising food products.-Cities and towns are authorized for the purpose of conserving the food supply to do such things as they may deem necessary to assist in the raising and distribution of products. A city or town may plow or harrow private land situated in such city or town on application of the owner at his cost, and if not paid before the first of April shall be a lien on the land.

Massachusetts, Gen. Acts 1917, ch. 264, sec. 3. 193. Cultivation of land and transportation of agricultural products.—The cultivation of land and the raising, harvesting, conserving, and transporting of agricultural products on the Lord's Day shall not be unlawful during the existence of war, and until the first of January following the termination thereof, between the United States and any other nation.

Massachusetts, Gen. Acts 1917, ch. 207. 194. Production and distribution. Whenever the governor shall determine that an emergency has arisen in regard to the cost, supply, production, or distribution of food or other necessaries of life in this Commonwealth, he may ascertain the amount of such within the Commonwealth, the means of producing or obtaining food or other necessaries of life as the situation demands, the facilities for the distribution of the same, and may publish any data obtained in making investigation. He may compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of documents and the examination of books and papers of individuals, firms, associations, and corporations producing or dealing in food or other necessaries of life.

Massachusetts, Gen. Acts 1917, ch. 342, sec. 23. Other provision3 with reference to production and distribution: Hawaii, Laws 1918, act 24; Pennsylvania, Pub. Laws 1917, p. 1261; South Dakota, Laws 1918,


ch. 53.

195. Damaging crops.-If any person shall during the time of war enter upon any field, garden, or land of another sown, planted, or cultivated with grain, vegetables, fruit, articles of food or substance used in the preparation of food, with intent to retard or injure the growth of the same, or shall cut, carry away, or injure any growth or product of soil of such field, garden, or land, he shall be fined or imprisoned or both.

New Hampshire, Laws 1917, ch. 203. 196. Damaging crops.—Any person who, during the period the United States is engaged in the present war, shall wilfuily or maliciously cause to be set on fire, directly or by the act of another, or by means of any chemical or mechanical upparatus or any sun glass, or the control of any electric current, any building, car, or boat in which food product for man or beast is kept or transported or in which any work or food producing animals shall be housed; or cause any grain or food products for man or beast to be set fire in shock, stack, or other form; or shall poison or otherwise kill any such animal to injure the owner or hinder him in agricultural operations or lessen the country's food supply, shall be guilty of sabotage in the first degree and imprisoned from one year to life. Any person attempting such act or injury to farm machinery to hinder or delay harvesting or thrashing any crop, or who shall place foreign substance in any grain to be harvested or thrashed, or with intent to hinder or hamper the Government of the United States in the prosecution of or preparation for war shall in any manner destroy any other property, shall be guilty of sabotage in the second degree and punishable from one to twenty years. Penalty may be imposed though conviction or final judgment be made after the war.

North Dakota, Laws 1918, ch. 12. 197. Destruction of water supply, food, or provisions.-Any person who shall interfere with, damage, or injure any source of supply for water, food, or provisions for troops in the employment of the State or of the United States, shall be punished by fine and imprisonment.

Illinois, Laws 1917, p. 351, sec. 1. Similar provisions: Louisiana, Acts 1917, ex. sess., No. 11; Vermont, Gen. Laws 1917, sec. 6791.

198. Foreclosure of farm chattel mortgage.—No proceedings by action, advertisement, or otherwise, shall be instituted in this State for the foreclosure of a chattel mortgage or other lien upon farm machinery, farm horses, or other personal property owned or used by any person owning land or having possession of land whereon there are crops to be seeded, harvested, or thrashed, which personal property is necessary in seeding, harvesting, or thrashing until October 1, 1918, nor shall any foreclosure of a chattel mortgage or other lien be instituted on live stock commonly used for food or

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