Imágenes de páginas
[ocr errors]


“I've the right now, for there is no bar THE AMERICAN PARLIAMENT OF LABOR. between us," he said proudly to Mr. The various labor organizations of this Verner.

country now include nearly every kind of "* I think Rose helped take down one of handicraft by which the honest sons of the bars," said Mrs. Denton, elyly. toil, in obedience to the requirements of

Then, spite of all entreaties, she told human wants and compliance with the how, in the land of art abroad, Rose had Divine command, earn their daily bread. developed a taste for art herself; had While there are those disposed to chalstudied diligently, and at last, because her lenge the right of what they superciliouspictures were so sweet and simple, with ly call the lower orders of the people to their stories of country life in the won combine together for mutual protection, derful new world—they found ready sale others, with far better judgment and among those who were tired of the '“ old more logical reasoning, express surprise

And how all the money 80 that the workingmen of the whole world earned her niece had begged her to lend have so long neglected to avail themto Harry, which she had done through selves of the advantages of that union her lawyer.

which, in all the relations of life, is unHearing this, Harry looked so sternly doubtedly strength. at Rose that her eyes filled with tears.

The first advantage to be derived from * Don't be angry, dear," she said, and her words and pleading voice brought

an aggregation of individuals all having

a common object, though separate interback the memory of the day, long ago, by

, ests, is discipline, without which the multhe orchard bars; "it was for our home. They are in that home now: Harry, variably see, where there is want of con

titude is so proverbially weak that we inprosperous and happy, has added many cert of action, the few easily dominate an acre to the farm which once was near the many, and assume proprietary, even ly lost. And Rose has earned enough to arbitrary, control over the joint enterbeautify the home that is her especial prises undertaken by capital and labor, province. They work together.

in which each is necessary to the other. Before trades unions had been so general

ly established as they now are, and the 1785.

great army of workingmen existed in an “Canst thou cherish me, Martha?" unorganized condition, without leaderYea, if it be the Lord's will."

ship, any demand for better terms for And wilt thou wed with me, my work in the way of pay, number of Sweetheart?"

hours or any other amelioration in the “Yea, verily, as the Lord is my shep- bard conditions of a working day life, herd.”

usually met with a flat refusal, and the 1885.

insolent boast: “I intend to conduct my “Can you love me, Maud ?"

own business in my own way, without Well, I should shudder."

dictation from my workmen.” The la“And will you marry me, dearest?" bor organizations have begun to open the What are you giving us?"

eyes of workingmen to their own wonderful value. The not very old idea be

gins to obtain that there is not so very “While practicing law a number of much difference between the so-called years ago,” said Judge Tourgee, “I had upper and lower classes, in this country à peculiar will case. An old lady who at least, as has been arrogantly claimed was a slaveholder, dying, bequeathed her by the one, and unquestioningly concolored man, John, and her dusky maid, ceded by the other. This idea of proJane, who sustained to each other the re pinquity is not proposed as a result of lation of husband and wife, to the trust- lowering the richer people, or any wish ees of her church to be used as far as to lower them, but by raising the poor possible for the glory of God.' I was and honest workers to a more perfect curious to know what course was taken, stature of manhood. Individuals have and upon investigation found that after been rising from the ranks in all ages, and meditation and prayer the pious trustees we have a popular and favorite abstracsold their living legacy at auction and tion that it is within the possibilities of with the proceeds sent a missionary to every American boy to be president. China."

Those who thus leave the laboring classes




usually forget their late associates, and THE LARGEST TELESCOPE IN THE WORLD. apply themselves to money-making. Fre

Passengers out of Boston on the Boston quently they make the hardest of mas- & Albany Railroad may have noticed ters. Their elevation or changed con- just across the Charles River, at the first dition has no substantial effect to im: bridge out of the city and opposite Cotprove the ranks from which they sprang tage Farm Station, a handsome residence, beyond what may come from an example and back of it a low, round-topped obof success. As it is evident that all can servatory, and outside, near it, a long not thus change from laborers and pro- white model of a telescope, and in the ducers to capitalists and employers, it is same yard a two story brick building. desirable that all proper means should be The building is the factory where the employed to improve those who remain; great Russian telescope was made, as and no agency has yet been discovered well as many others also famous, and better adapted to the purpose than unions. where work is now going on for the Lick

telescope, which will be the largest in the world.

Of the two discs of glass, each one Somebody has condensed the mistakes yard in diameter, for the Lick telescope, of life, and arrived at the conclusion that the flint glass has been made a long time, there are fourteen of them. Most people but the crown glass, although ordered would say, if they told the truth, that five years ago, was only received by the there was no limit to the mistakes of life; Clarks in September last. It was made that they were like the drops in the ocean after repeated trials

and failures, at an or the sands of the shore in number, but establishment near Paris, the only one it is well to be accurate. Here, then, are that could get out such a piece of work. fourteen great mistakes: “It is a great Each glass is worth $25,000 in the rough, mistake to set up our own standard of and they cannot be finished before fall. right and wrong, and judge people accordingly; to measure the enjoyment of others

At first machinery could do a little by, our own; to expect uniformity of rough grinding, but for months the bare opinion in this world; to look for judg- hand only has been used in applying the ment and experience in youth; to en

polishing substance, which is rouge. The deavor to mould all dispositions alike; to glasses have now reached a stage where yield to immaterial trifles; to look for the removal of a small portion of the perfection in our own actions; to

surface in the wrong place'would ruin

worry ourselves and others with what cannot be them. They are frequently tested, set in remedied; not to alleviate all that needs a circular iron frame called a cell. Na alleviation as far as lies in our power; the long experience of the Clarks has

instruments can be used for the tests, but not to make allowances for the infirmities of others; to consider everything impos- given them a judgment which is unsible that we cannot perform; to believe erring. only what our finite minds can grasp; to model of the telescope outside the build

Very soon the tests will be made in the expect to understand everything.

ing. This model is of the size of the proposed Lick telescope, and is fifty

seven feet long. These two lenses are Our deceased presidents sleep widely set six inches apart in their iron frame, apart. Virginia holds five of them which has openings to allow of the Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe glasses being properly cleaned on each and Tyler; Tennessee three Jackson, side. Lenses and frame together weigh Polk and Johnson; Massachusetts two- seven hundred pounds. John Adams and John Quincy Adams, While everything now' appears to be father and son; New York three-Van perfect, some slight defect in the glass Buren, Fillmore and Grant; Ohio two-that has not yet appeared, oran accident, Harrison and Garfield; New Hampshire may render useless all the labor of one-Pierce; Pennsylvania one--Buchan- months. When completed the great telan; Illinois one--Lincoln; Kentucky one escope will be placed in the observatory --Taylor. All of them, with the excep- on Mt. Hamilton, in Santa Clara county, tion of Taylor and Grant, were buried in Cal. Mr. James Lick left $700,000 in the States in which they resided at the his will for the purpose of constructing time of their election.

the necessary buildings and “for a tele




scope superior to and more powerful than any yet made." An astronomer has stated that this tel- in hand treatment as people imagine.

There are not nearly as many secrets

A escope will bring the moon, 240,000 miles little ammonia or borax in the water you distant, within, apparently, a hundred wash your hands with, and that water miles of the beholder. It will cost $60,- | just lukewarm, will keep the skin clean 000, and will be covered by a steel dome and soft. A little oatmeal mixed with seventy-five feet in diameter, weighing the water will whiten the hands. Many ninety-five tons. Besides the observatory people use glycerine on their hands when are many other buildings, containing all they go to bed, wearing gloves to keep the valuable instruments necessary for a the bedding clean; but glycerine does complete establishment to carry out Mr. not agree with every one. It makes some Lick's intentions. The citizens of Santa skins harsh and red. These people should Clara county have built a road to the rub their hands with dry oatmeal and summit of the mountain at a cost of wear gloves in bed. The best preparation $78,000.

for the hands at night is white of egg with a grain of alum dissolved in it.

Quacks have a fancy name for it; but all I have peeped into quiet parlors, where can make it and spread it over their the carpet is clean and not old, and the hands, and the job is done. They also furniture polished and bright; into rooms make the Roman toilet paste. It is merewhere the chairs are neat and the floor ly white of egg, barley four, and honey. carpetless; into kitchens where the fam- They say it was used by the Romans 'n ily live and the meals are cooked and olden time. Any way, it is a first-rate eaten, and the boys and girls are as blithe thing; but it is a sticky sort of stuff to as the sparrows in the thatch overhead, use, and does not do the work any better and I see that it is not so much wealth than oatmeal. The roughest and hardest and learning, nor clothing, nor servants, bands can be made soft and white in a nor toil, nor idleness, nor town, nor month's time by doctoring them a little country, nor station, as tone and temper at bed time, and all the tools you need that render homes happy or wretched. are a nail brush, a bottle of ammonia, a And I see, too, that in town or country, box of powdered borax, and a little fine good sense and God's grace make life white sand to rub the stains off, or a cut what no teachers or accomplishments or of lemon, which will do even better, for means or society can make it--the open the acid of the lemon will clean anying stave of an everlasting psalm; the thing. fair beginning of an endless existence; the goodly, modest, well-proportioned vestibule to a temple of God's building “Mr. Paraffine," exclaimed an indigthat shall never decay, wax old, or vanish nant woman, dashing into a West Hill away

grocery, “I don't like that sugar you sent me last week at all. It wasn't fit to




A contract was lately concluded by the “Not fit to use!" asked the astonished Mexican Government with Mr. Oscar grocer, “why, what was the matter with Droege, to plant 2,000,000 trees in the it?" Valley of Mexico, within four years. The “Matter enough,” said the woman, ''it trees specified are chiefly ash, poplar, aca- looked nice enough, but it was as gritty cia, and mountain cedar, with a sufficient as gravel.' margin for miscellaneous kinds, accord- "Oh, yes," responded the grocer, “oh, ing to special conditions of site and cli- yes, I know now. It was a new brand, mate; and the arrangements contemplate that was sanded in for our customers to the formation of national nurseries in try. Oh, yes, I know. I'll give you "which the study of scientific forestry may something better this week.' be pursued on a footing in some degree And the woman looked him right in commensurate with its importance. The the eye, but he never quailed, and she valley was densely wooded in the time of didn't know just whether she heard him Montezuma, when Cortez and the Span- right, or whether he meant just what she iards entered the country. But the Span- thought he said, or not, and Paraffine esdards burnt off and destroyed the timber. I caped it that time.



A little experience will soon enable any Scientific

one to determine how much sulphur to burn in each room. It is not necessary to fill the room so full of these sulphur

fumes as to suffocate us, and if we hapDiphtheria is a terrible disease, and pen to burn a little too much sulphur in when it breaks out in a school, or in a any given case, and the fumes become family where there are several children, offensive, the doors and windows can be unless the very best precautions are ob opened for a minute or two. served it is likely to spread, for it is a but these sulphur fumes will permeate

Other disinfectants may be employed, disease that may be communicated from but these sulphur fumes will permeate one person to another. It is contagious. every crevice in the house; they are Regarding the different measures em

breathed by us, our clothes are saturated ployed to prevent the spread of this dis with them, and withal, we regard this as ease, we very greatly prefer the fumes of the most practical and effectual method burning sulphur. We regard sulphur as theria that can be adopted. And where

of disinfection against the spread of diphthe most effective disinfectant we can use for the purpose of preventing the spread diphtheria prevails in a neighborhood, and of diphtheria in schools and in families families fear its outbreak among their where several children are exposed, and children, they should resort to sulphur it has a salutary effect upon those already fumigation daily, whether diphtheria has suffering from the disease. We have appeared in the house or not; they may had the care of scores of diphtheria pa- might otherwise suffer from it. At least

prevent its outbreak in families that tients, and we can refer to quite a num. this precaution does not cost much, and ber of families of children where the disease was limited to one child, and we will do us no injury.

can do no harm. These sulphur fumes verily believe that the fumes of burning sulphur were instrumental in preventing the spread of the disease in these cases.

In all cases where diphtheria breaks A correspondent of Mechanical Progress out in a school, no children should be having stated in an article written for permitted to go to the school from houses that journal that “brass cannot be temwhere the disease exists. After school pered," another correspondent replies as hours, in the evening, the school rooms follows: This differs with my daily exshould be thoroughly fumigated with perience. Brass, not hard by mixture, sulphur. This should be done daily, but but by compression, either rolling, hamthe house should be free from the sul mering, wire drawing, or any other pro: phur fumes during school hours, for the cess which compresses the particles of coughing and sneezing that might result metal, can be, and is, tempered regularly, from the sulphur fumes would create just as easy and in the same manner as great annoyance and confusion. Where you would temper an equal-sized piece of diphtheria prevails in a family, the pa hardened steel, viz., by heat. By placing tient or patients, if there are two or three a small piece of polished steel on the brass attacked at the same time, should be object to be tempered, and applying the isolated, confined to ope room, and all heat so as to affect equally the brass and the children not affected should be kept steel, you will know by the color of the in some remote part of the house, or re- steel the temper of the brass, which by moved from the house entirely, if prac- this process may be tempered in exact ticable. In either case, whether any proportion to every shade of color of the children are removed from the house or steel. not, every room, including the one occupied by the patient, should be fumigated The cleaning out of kitchen boilers is with sulphur two or three times daily. seldom, if ever, thought of. All sediment

The most convenient method of fumi. cocks should be left open at least once a gating is to drop a small pinch of sulphur week for the space of fifteen minutes, so upon a hot stove, if there is one in the as to clean and wash out all foul sediment. room; if there be no stove in the room, a Oftentimes when complaint is made that few coals on a shovel or other convenient the water smells, or that it doesn't heat utensil may be carried into the room, and properly, the real cause will be found to the sulphur may be dropped on the coals. arise from this neglect alone.





Nature does not do two things at a A friend of the writer, who has suf. time and do both well, as a rule. All fered from dyspepsia during almost her know that when a force is divided, it is entire life, considers the suggestions in / weakened. If the meal were eaten slow. the following extracts from an article in ly, without preoccupation of the mind, a recent issue of The Journal of Health and the stomach allowed at least half an to be the most in accord with her own hour's chance to get its work well underexperience of anything on the subject taken before the nervous force is turned lately published:

in another direction, patients suffering

from dyspepsia would be few. “Hurried eating of meals, followed immediately by some employment that

A physician once said: “It does not

so much matter what we eat as how we occupies the whole attention and takes eat it." While this is only partly true, it up all

, or nearly all, of the physical en certainly is true that the most healthful ergies, is sure to result in dyspepsia in food eaten hurriedly, and immediately one form or another. Sometimes it ex- followed by work which engages the enhibits itself in excessive irritability, a tire available physical and mental forces, sure indication that nerve force has been is much worse than a meal of poor food exhausted ; the double draft in order to digest the food and carry on the busi- eaten leisurely and followed by a period

of rest. ness has been more than nature could stand without being thrown out of bal

In another case, the person is exceedingly dull as soon as he has a few

The German war steamer Nautilus reminutes of leisure. The mind seems a ports passing through a singular storm dead blank and can only move in its ac- while crossing the South Pacific from Ta. customed channels, and then only when hiti to Sydney, Australia. compelled. This, also, is a sign of nerv

On the afternoon of May 11 the whole ous exhaustion. Others will have decid- heavens appeared to be wrapped in cloud, ed pains in the stomach, or a sense of which made it so dark that the crew could weight, as if a heavy burden was inside. scarcely see the length of the ship. The Others, again, will be able to eat nothing thunder became deafening, and flashes that will agree with them; everything of lightning almost blinded the sailors' that is put inside the stomach is made the eyes. All around the vessel the lightning subject of a violent protest on the part of was striking the water, so that persons on that organ and the person suffers untold board expected the vessel would be hit agonies in consequence. Others suffer But this they were spared. The effect, from constant hunger. They may eat however, was singular and grand, and at all they can, and feel hungry stilĩ. If times the vessel appeared to be in flames they feel satisfied for a little time, the in several places at once. Bolts of lightleast unusual exertion brings on the hun ning on several occasions fell to the wagry feeling, and they can do no more ter within 20 or 40 yards of the ship's until something is eaten. It is almost side. While this peculiar storm lasted needless to say that this condition is not very little rain fell and the sea was al hunger, but inflammation of the stomach. most entirely still. Scarcely any two persons are affected in exactly the same way, the disordered condition manifesting itself according to of ventilators for domestic and office use

An improvement in an important type temperament and occupation; employ, has been made by Mr. Ellis, a surgeon of ments that call for mental work, and Gloucester, England. At the junction of those whose scene of action lies indoors, the horizontal inlet and vertical distributaffecting persons more seriously than do ing tubes there is an adjustable door for those carried on in the open air, and regulating or wholly excluding the admisthose which are merely mechanical and sion of outside air. At the outer opening do not engage the mind.

of the inlet tube there is stretched a piece All, or nearly all, of these difficulties of some sort of suitable cloth which acts of digestion might have never been felt as a kind of filter to the entering air, and by the sufferers had they left their busi- on the inner side of the strainer there is a ness behind them and rested a short time chamber for the purpose of containing after eating, instead of rushing off to any perfume or disinfectant which may work immediately after hastily eating. be desirable.

« AnteriorContinuar »