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rapprochement was still more easily but never in reality confer. We effected; and I could myself tell of have our Law-courts and our Unichanges of opinion acquired in this versity ; they are not necessarily way, which a rash press and a rasher shams because they are in Ireland. public ascribe to very different Why not have our Court-receptions agency.
also? It is not the Queen's pleasure This, it may be said, is taking to visit us. More's the pity ; but low ground for the defence, and I when she does, let us not lose the agree with you—but I do so in de- Babits which may fit us for her ference to the attack, since nothing presence. could possibly be lower than that. I When the foreman of an Irish want the Viceroy to be maintained, jury, in a case where an English as a dinner-giver the more, in a nobleman of large fortune was the city which, hospitable as it is, defendant, was asked how the jury is not over rich. I want a house ever had the conscience to award where I can sit next the Grand- such a sum in damages as forty master, who drinks the Glorious thousand pounds ? “It was a great and Immortal Memory, on one hand, deal, sure enough,” he said, and Father Cullen on the other, I we all agreed it was a fine thing to want to dine as well as I could bring all that money into Ireland." in Belgrave Square, with a far Now, is it not a fine thing to wittier and more genial society than bring five-and-twenty thousand anall the Squares for ten miles round nually into a city not overburdened Belgrave could compass. And more with cash, and “take it out" afterthan all, I want to hear how an wards in dinners and evening parEnglishman of mark and note, in ties? the favour of his sovereign and Look at it even as a normal school the confidence of his party, thinks of politeness, and it has much in its of us, and talks of us; for let him favour, Imagine her Majesty combe as reserved as he may, his judg. ing over to Dublin' and holding a ment of Irishmen will ooze out as levee, and not an alderman able to the claret goes round, and even his kneel down without "prostrating very concealments will have their himself on his face," as a Lord significance.
Mayor called it ; or a drawing-room Now, why grudge us this? Do where, as the same civic authority you not every month of your lives observed, “none of the ladies could spend more money on that endless advance backwards." Think of the lawsuit of “Armstrong versus Whit- distractions of Gold-sticks and Bedworth and others" than would main- chamber people at the untrained tain a Viceroy for Ireland in double demonstrations of a very demonsplendour ? Is there a cupola ship strative people. It is but fair to changed to a broadsider, or an un- let us have as much annual trainserviceable three-decker converted ing as you accord to the Yeomanry. into an impossible frigate, without Now, having said so much for recosting the nation the charge of taining the office, a word for the many Viceroys? Why, you expend- man who is to hold it. There are ed more money t'other day in run- two or three small changes I should ning away from the King of Da- like to suggest. First, I would abohomey than would have kept up lish the privilege of knighting. No the Irish Viceroy for ten years. one, no matter how high his sta
Mind, I do not affect to say that tion in a free country, should have I want the Viceroy as a Governor the power to make another manin the same sense that you send even a Lord Mayor-ridiculous. one to India. I ask for him as a Secondly, I would do away with measure of that equality you are the kissing-we ought to do that always pretending to extend to us, for ourselves. To be sure, it is not
all to the credit side of the Vice- whatever it is, if it be good for us ; roy's book. There are now and don't despoil us of the small modi. then Celtic specimens of beauty in cum of gold we used once. to be so the shape of austere mothers that proud of when we had gingerbread; might make his Excellency doubt and as you have deprived us of whether he had not better have re- Donybrook Fair, at least leave us mained in the “Colonies ; " but he our St. Patrick's Ball. must take these with the lot.
If, however, it be the intention This reminds me of what his of our rulers to abolish the office, Majesty George IV. said, as he saw what could have induced them to a twinkle of malice in a waiting- mark its approaching extinction by lord's eye, when a very old and ill- naming Lord Carlisle to the post ? favoured countess had just been Why accompany its decline and fall submitted to the royal embrace : by regrets all the more poignant ? “Never mind," said the King, in a Why join to the loss of certain whisper, “I had my revenge ; I material benefits the greater loss kissed her daughter twice yester- that attaches to the rupture of ties day." I say, I'd do away with this, of affection and deep regard ? I and I'd give a compensation-say have never been in Ireland since two thousand a-year if the Viceroy his Viceroyalty ; but I am told on was an old man, five if young ; but all sides, and by men of all parties, in return I should insist on more such traits of his kindliness, his dinners. Lastly, I would suggest generosity, and his goodness, - I that one-half of the gentlemen-in- have heard of such instances of his waiting should be briefless barris- thoughtful benevolence, that I can ters, the pleasantest class in the feel what Ireland must have lost by country, and well worthy of some his departure — a sorrow all the sort of recognition.
deeper from the cause that proLeave us, therefore, leave us what duced it. the Prussian calls our “Hegemony." If it be a policy to extinguish I trust I am employing a decent the Viceroyalty, Lord Carlisle should expression, but I am not quite clear never have been amongst the last to on the subject. Leave it to us, hold it.
BANTING ON CORPULENCE.
Of all the salutations that ever height would justify, saw the danwere devised to express hearty ger, and would have prevented it. good-will and large substantial His, keen eye detected the confriendship, recommend us to that spirator and assassin under the unof the Orientals—"May your sha. wholesome skin of the ascetic; but dow never be less !". Maceration, Antony, who was somewhat pudas a rule of life, is suitable only for ding-headed, and whom a liberal hermits, anchorites, and such-like diet of quails and venison had recluses, who have faith in the lulled into a chronic habit of goodefficacy of parched pease, and whose nature, felt no suspicion, and even type of beatitude is the scarecrow. tried to vindicate the character of Orthodoxy is allied to plumpness, the leanest villain of the age. and a certain breadth of beam is We therefore, being anxious that most becoming to a high dignitary good men should abound, have a of the Church. In the man of kindly feeling for the corpulent. portly presence we expect to find- It is a notable fact in criminal and rarely indeed are we disap- statistics that no fat man was ever pointed in our expectations -- a convicted of the crime of murder. warm heart, a kindly benevolent Stout people are not revengeful; disposition, comprehensive charity, nor, as a general rule, are they and a conscience void of offence. agitated by gusts of passion. Few We feel that in such a man we can murderers weigh more than ten repose implicit trust-we can make stone. There are, however, excephim the depositary of our secrets tions, which justify us in assuming without fear of betrayal—we can eleven as the utmost limit of the depend upon his good offices when sliding-scale, but beyond that there we need the assistance of a friend. is no impulse towards homicide. Very different are our sensations Seldom has such a phenomenon as when we chance to encounter a a fat housebreaker been paraded gaunt herring-gutted individual of at a criminal bar.
It is your the human species, who, like the lean, wiry fellow who works with evil kine seen by royal Pharaoh in the skeleton-keys, forces himself his dream, will not fatten upon the through closet-windows which seemfairest pasture. His sharp looks ingly would scarce suffice for and low-set hungry jaw instinctively
. the entrance of the necessary cat, beget distrust. He has the eye of steals with noiseless step along the a usurer, the yawn of an ogre, the lobby and up the stairs, glides into gripe of a bailiff; and being utterly the chamber sacred for more than destitute of bowels, he yearns not half a century to the chaste repose for the calamities of his kind. of the gentle Tabitha, and with Shrewd was the observation of husky voice, and the exhibition of Cæsar,
an enormous carving-knife, com
mands silence on pain of instant “Let me have men about me that are fat; Sleek-headed men, and such as sleep at night. death, and delivery of her cash and Yon Cassius hath a lean and hungry look;
jewels. It is your attenuated thief I like him not-such men are dangerous." who insinuates himself under beds,
skulks behind counters, dives into Julius, who was in perfect training, tills, or makes prey of articles of and did not weigh a single pound commerce arrayed at shop-doors for more than the standard of his the temptation of the credulous
'Letter on Corpulence, addressed to the Public. By William Banting.
o passenger. A corpulent burglar is as much out of place and as little to be feared as was Falstaff at Gadshill—and what policeman ever 3. gave chase to a depredator as ulky as a bullock Corpulence, we maintain, is the outward sign not only of a good constitution, but of inward rectitude and virtue. There is, however, such a thing as over-cultivation; and we should be sorry if any one, misled by these our preliminary remarks, should think that we are attempting to elevate pinguitude to the rank of a cardinal virtue. Men are not pigs, to be estimated entirely by the standard of weight; and though in a certain sense, the late Daniel Lambert was one of the greatest men that ever lived, we certainly do not hold him forth as a suitable example for imitation. But we cannot give in to the theory that plumpness is a positive misfortune; and we are decidedly opposed to a system which proscribes as deleterious and unwholesome such articles of food as are the best known and most universally accepted—which is essentially coarse and carnivorous? and though possibly well adapted for the training of a brutal gladiator, is in every respect unfitting for the nutriment of a reasonable Christian. Seldom has fame descended with such amazing rapidity upon the shoulders of any man as upon those of Mr. William Banting, late of No. 27 St. James's Street, Piccadilly. Little more than a year ago his name was unknown beyond the limited but respectable circle of his acquaintance; now it has become a household word, and the doctrines which he has promulgated in his pamphlet have been adopted by thousands who acknowledge him as their instructor and guide. Though not professing to be the actual discoverer of a dietetic system which can cure or at least prevent many of the ills to which flesh is heir, he claims to be its first intelligible exponent; and as he uses none of the exotic terms or technical
phrases with which medical men so commonly enwrap their meaning as to render it utterly obscure, but writes in plain, homely English, without any scientific nomenclature, he has found a ready and numerous audience. In vain do members of the Faculty—not unjustifiably incensed by the accusations levelled at their : by this intruder into their own peculiar walk—insist that there is no novelty in the system, though its application may be of doubtful expediency. Mr. Banting replies that for thirty years and upwards he has been in search of a remedy against increasing corpulence, and has received no salutary counsel from any physician save the last, who regulated his diet.
“None of my family,” he says, “on the side of either parent, had any tendency to corpulence, and from my earliest years I had an inexpressible dread of such a calamity; so, when I was between thirty and forty years of age, finding a tendency to it creeping upon me, I consulted an eminent surgeon, now long deceased—a kind personal friend—who recommended increased bodily exertion before my ordinary daily labours began, and thought rowing an excellent plan. I had the command of a good heavy life-boat, lived near the river, and adopted it for a couple of hours in the early morning. It is true I gained muscular vigour, but with it a prodigious appetite, which I was compelled to indulge, and consequently increased in weight, until my kind old friend advised me to forsake the exercise. He soon afterwards died; and as the tendency to corpulence remained, I consulted other high orthodox authorities (never any inferior adviser), but all in vain. I have tried sea air and bathing in various localities, with much walking exercise; taken gallons of physic j liquor potassae advisedly and abundantly; riding on horseback; the waters of Leamington many times, as well as those of Cheltenham and Harrogate frequently; have lived upon sixpence a-day, so to speak, and earned it, if bodily labour may be so construed; and have spared no trouble nor expense in consultations with the best authorities in the land, giving each and all a fair time for experiment, without any permanent remedy, as the evil still gradually increased.”
This is no doubt a sweeping charge against the Faculty; but when we consider it minutely, it appears to us that Mr. Banting is somewhat unreasonable in his complaints. True, he was possessed with a morbid horror for corpulence, and was vehemently desirous to get rid of some superfluous flesh which seemed to be rapidly accumulating; but we are nowhere told that his health had been impaired in the slightest degree—indeed, the following passage leads us to the direct opposite conclusion:
“When,” says he, “a corpulent man eats, drinks, and sleeps well, has no pain to complain of, and no particular organic disease, the judgment of able men seems paralyzed; for I have been generally informed that corpulence, is one of the natural results of increasing years; indeed, one of the ablest authorities as a physician in the land told me had gained one pound in weight every year since he attained manhood, and was not surprised at my condition, but advised more bodily exercise, vapourbaths, and shampooing, in addition to the medicine given. Yet the evil still increased, and, like the parasite of barnacles on a ship, if it did not destroy the structure, it obstructed its fair comfortable progress in the path of life.”
The “obstruction ” to which Mr. Banting alludes, seems to have been nothing more than an extreme dislike to be twitted on the score of punchiness. He says, with undeniable truth, that
“Any one so afflicted is often subject to public remark; and though in con3ience he may care little about it, I am confident no man labouring under obesity can be quite insensible to the sneers and remarks of the cruel and injudicious in public assemblies, public vehicles, or the ordinary street-traffic; nor to the annoyance of finding no adequate space in a public assembly, if he should seek amusement or need refreshment; and therefore he naturally keeps away as much as possible from places where he is likely to be made the object of the taunts and remarks of others. I
am as regardless of public remark as most men, but I have felt those difficulties, and therefore avoided such circumscribed accommodation and notice, and by that means have been deprived of . advantages to health and comort.”
All that may be perfectly true, but we cannot see how it justifies his accusation of the doctors. Because cabmen and street-boys make impertinent remarks about stature —because querulous people in the pit of the theatre object to having a human screen interposed between them and the spectacle—because an elderly gentleman cannot contrive to squeeze himself with comfort into an opera stall, or the narrow box of a chophouse,_is it the duty of a physician to recommend such stringent measures as will make him a walking skeleton ? It is the business of a doctor to cure disease, not to minister to personal vanity; and if Mr. Banting ate, drank, and slept well, and was affected by no actual complaint, we really cannot understand why he should have been so pertinacious in demanding medical assistance. We are acquainted with many estimable persons of both sexes, turning considerably more than fifteen stone in the scales—a heavier weight than Mr. Banting has ever attained—whose health is unexceptionable, and who would laugh to scorn the idea of applying to a doctor for recipe or regimen which might have the effect of marring their developed comeliness. What right, we ask, has Mr. Banting to brand Obesity as one of the most “distressing parasites that affect humanity,” while, by his own confession, he has never reached that point of corporeal' bulk which is generally regarded as seemly and . suitable to Bishops, Deans, Mayors," Provosts, Aldermen, Bailies, and even Dowagers of high degree ? We deny that a man weighing but a trifle above fourteen stone is entitled to call himself obese. It may be that such a one is not qualified to exhibit himself as a dancer on the tight rope, or to take flying