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Members of § 3. That the members of the several state legislatures, tures, &c. to at the next sessions of the said legislatures respectively, take the same and all executive and judicial officers of the several states, oath, before who have been heretofore chosen or appointed, or who shall 1st of Sept. be chosen or appointed before the first day of August next, . 1789.
and who shall then be in office, shall, within one month thereBy whom to
after, take the same oath or affirmation, except where they be administer. shall have taken it before ; which may be administered by any ed.
person authorized by the law of the state, in which such office State authori- shall be holden, to administer oaths. And the members of ties chosen or the several state legislatures, and all executive and judicial ter the Ist of officers of the several states, who shall be chosen or appointAug. 1789, to ed after the said first day of August, shall, before they protake a similar ceed to execute the duties of their respective offices, take the ation, to be ade foregoing bath or affirmation, which shall be administered by ministered by the person or persons, who, by the law of the state, shall be a person au- authorized 10 administer the oath of office; and the person or the law of the persons so administering the oath bereby required to be taken,
shall cause a record or certificate thereof to be made, in the Oath to be re- same manner as, by the law of the state, he or they shall be corded. directed 10 record or certify the oath of office. Oath or affir- § 4. That all officers appointed, or hereafter to be appointmation to be ed, under lic quihority of the United States, shall, before to all officers they açı in their respective offices, take the same oaih or af. of the U. s. firmation, which shall be administered by the person or perappointed or sons who shall be authorised by law to administer 10 such to be appoint-officers their respective oaths of office; and such officers shall ed; and by whom.
incur the same penalties in case of failure, as shall be imposOfficers incur ed by law in case of failure in taking their respective oaths of penalties on office. failure.
§ 5. That the secretary of the senate, and the clerk of the house of representatives, for the time being, shall, at the time
of taking the oath or affirmation aforesaid, each take an oath Additional or affirmation in the words following, to wit; “I, A. B. secretary oath for the se
of the senate, or clerk of the house of representatives (as the case cretary of the senate and may be) of the United States of America, do solemnly swear or clerk of the affirm, that I will truly and faithfully discharge the duties of my house of rep- said office, to the best of my knowledge and abilities." (Approved, resentatives.
June 1, 1789. ]
Repealed. Chap. 2. An. act for laying a duty on goods, wares, and merchandises, imported Vol. i. p. 159.
into the United States, Whereas it is necessary for the support of government, for the discharge of the debts of the United States, and the encouragement and protection of manufacturee, thal duties be laid
on goods, wares, and merchandises, imported : Duties to com- § 1. Be it enacted, fc. That from and after the first day of mence, Aug. August next ensuing, the several duties hereinafter mention.
ed shall be laid. on the following goods, wares, and merchanSpecific duties dises, imported into the United States from any foreign port on certain or place, that is to say: On all distilled spirits of Jamaica enumerated
proof, imported from any kingdom or country whatsoever, per articles
gallon, ien cents.--On all other distilled spirits, per gallon),
eight cents.-On molasses, per gallon, two and a half cents. -On Madeira wine, per gallon, eighteen cents.-On all other wines, per gallon, ten cents.-On every gallon of beer, ale, or porter, in casks, five cenis.-On all cider, beer, ale, or porter, in bouiles, per dozen, twenty cents.-On malt, per bushel, ten cenis.-00 browo sugars, per pound, one cent.-On loaf sugars, per pound, three cenis.-On all other sugars, per pound, one and a half cents.-On coffee, per pound, two and a half cents.-On cocoa, per pound, one ceni.- On all candles of tallow, per pound, two cenis.-On all candles of wax or spermaceti, per pound, six cents.-On cheese, per pound, four cenis.-On
soap, per pouod, iwo cenis.-On boots, per pair, fifty cenis.-On all shoes, slippers, or galoslioes, made of. leather, per pair, seven cents. On all shoes or slippers made of silk or stuff, per pair, ten cents.-On cables, for everyone hundred and iwelve pounds, seventy-five cents.-On tarred cordage, for every one hundred and iwelve pounds, seventyfive cents.-On untarred ditto, and yarn, for every one hundred and twelve pounds, ninety cenis.-On (wine or packthread, for every one hundred and twelve pounds, two hundred cents. -On all steel unwrought, for every one hundred and twelve pounds, fifty-six cents. On all nails and spikes, per pound, one cent.--On salt, per bushel, six cents.-On manufactured tobacco, per pound, six cents.-On snuff, per pound, ten cents. -On indigo, per pound, sixteen cents.-On wool and collon cards, per dozen, fifty cenie.-On coal, per busbel, two cents. -On pickled fish, per barrel, seventy-five cents.-On dried fish, per quintal, fifty cents.
On all seas imported from China or India, in ships built in Duties on teas the United States, and belonging to a citizen or citizens there- imported from of, or in ships or vessels built in foreign countries, and on the India or Chisixteenth day of May last wholly the property of a citizen or can bottoms. citizens of the United States, and so continuing until the time of importation, as follows: On bohea tea, per pound, six cenls.-On all souchong, or other black leas, per pound, len cents.-On all hyson teas, per pound, iwenty cenis.-On all olher green teas, per pound, iwelve cents.
On all teas impoted from Europe in ships or vessels built on teas imin the United Siates, and belonging wholly to a citizen or ported from citizens thereof, or in ships or vessels builí in foreign coun. Europe in
American bottries, and on the sixteenth day of May last wholly the proper- toms. ly of a citizen or citizens of the United States, and só continuing until the time of importation, as follows: On bobea lea, per pound, eight cenis.-On all souchong, and other black teas, per pound, thirteen cen1s.-On all byson teas, per pound, twenty-six cents. On all other green teas, per pound, sixteen cents. On all reas imported in any
other manner than as above. Duties on teas mentioned, as follows: On bohea tea, per pound, fifteen cents. imported in -On all souchong, or other black teas, per pound, twenty- American two cents.-On all hyson teas, per pound, forty-five cents. bottoms. On all other green teas, per pouud, twenty-seven cents.
On all goods, wares, and merchandises, other than teas, im
On all goods, ported from China or India, in ships not built in the United &c. other than States, and not wholly the property of citizen or citizens from China or thereof, nor in vessels built in foreign countries, and on the India in for- sixteenib day of May last wholly the property of a citi. eign bottoms, zen or citizens of the United States, and so continuing unul twelve and a half per cent.
the time of importation, twelve and a half per centum ad vaload valorem. On other enu. On all looking glasses, window and other glass (except black merated arti. cles, ten per
quart bouiles)-On all China, stone, and eartben, ware-On cent. ad valo- gunpowder-On all paints ground in oil-On shoe and knee
buckles-On gold and silver lage, and on gold and silver leaf,
len per centum ad valorem. On other enu- On all blank books-On all writing, printing, or wrap. merated arti. cles, seven
ping, paper, paper hangings and pasteboard-On all cabinet and a half per wares-On all buttons—On all saddles-On all gloves of cent. ad valo- leather-On all hals of beaver, fur, wool, or mixture of either
-On all millinery ready made-On all castings of iron, and upon slit and rolled iron-On all leather tanned or lawed, and all nanufacture of leather, except such as shall be otherwise rated -On canes, walking sticks, and whips-On clothing ready made-On all brushes-On gold, silver, and plated, ware, and on jewellery and paste work-On anchors, and on all wrought vin and pewter ware, seven and a half per centum ad valorem. -On playing cards, per pack, ten cents.—On every coach, chariot, or other four wheeled carriage, and on every chaise, solo, or other two wheel carriage, or parts thereof, fifteen per cen
tum ad valorem. On all other
On all other goods, wares, and merchandise, five per cengoods, except certain artis
lum on the value thereof at the time and place of importation, cies, 5 per except as follows: salt petre, tin in pigs, tin plates, lead, old cent. on the
pewter, brass, iron and brass wire, copper in plates, wool, value at the time and
cotton, dying woods and dying drugs, raw hides, beaver and place of im
all other furs and deer skins. portation. § 2. That from and after the first day of December, which Duty on hemp and cot
shall be in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety, ton imported there shall be laid a duty on every one hundred and twelve after the 1st
pounds weight of hemp, imported as a foresaid, of sixty cents; of Dec. 1790. and on colion, per pound, three cents. Drawback al
§ 3. That all the duties paid, or secured to be paid, upon lowed for the duties, on any of the goods, wares, and merchandises, as aforesaid, exgoods.export. cept on distilled spirits, other than brandy and geneva, shall ed within 12
be returned or discharged upon such of the said goods, wares, months.
or merchandises, as shall, within twelve months after payment made, or security given, be exported to any country without
the limits of the United States, as sellled by the late Treaty of Except one per cent.
peace; except one per centum on the amount of the said duties, in consideration of the expense which shall have accrued
by the entry and safe keeping thereof. Allowance in § 4. That there shall be allowed and paid on every quinlieu of a draw- tal of dried, and on every barrel of pickled, fish, of the fished and pickled eries of the United States, and on every barrel of salied fish and salted provision of the United States, exported to any country with. provision ex
olil the limiis thereof, in lieu of a drawback of the duties imported.
posed on the importation of the salt employed and expended iherein, viz. On every quintal of dried fish, five cents.-On every barrel of pickled fish, five cents.-On every barrel of salted provisions, five cents. 5. That a discount of ten per cent. on all the duties im. Discount on
the duties for posed by this acı, shall be allowed on such goods, wares, and
goods, &c. im merchandises, as shall be imported in vessels built in the United ported in vesStates, and which shall be wholly the property of a citizen or sels of citicitizens thereof, or in vessels built in foreign countries, and on zens. the sixteenib day of May last wholly the property of a citizen or citizens of the United States, and so continuing until the time of importation.
$ 6. That ibis act shall continue and be in force until the This act to first day of June, which shall be in the year of our Lord the 1st of one thousand seven hundred and ninety-six, and from thence June, 1796, until the end of the next succeeding session of congress, which &c. shall be held thereafter, and no longer. [Approved, July 4, 1789.]
CAAP. 3. An act imposing duties on tonnage. § 1. Be it enacted, Lc. That the following duties shall be, Repealed,
. 106. and are hereby, imposed on all ships or vessels entered in the United States, that is to say:
On all ships or vessels built within the said states, and be- Six cents per longing wholly to a citizen or citizens thereof; or not built ton, on vessels within the said states, but on the twenty-ninth day of May, one U. s., or bethousand seven hundred and eighty-nine, belonging, and during longing to the time such ships or vessels shall continue to belong wholly to citizens. a citizen or citizens thereof, at the rate of six cents per ton. On after built in all chips or vessels hereafter built in the United States, belonging the U. S. and wholly or in part, to subjects of foreign powers, at the rate of belonging to thirty cents per lon. On all other ships or vessels, at the rate of foreigners, to
pay 30 cents fifty cents per ton.
§ 2. That no ship or vessel built within the aforesaid states, Other vessels and belonging to a citizen or citizens thereof, shall, whilst em- No home buile ployed in ihe coasting trade, or in the fisheries, pay tonnage more vessels, beihan once in any year.
longing to a § 3. That every ship or vessel employed in the transporta. citizen, in the tion of any of the produce or manufactures of the United States, or fisheries, coast wise, wiibin the said states, except such ship or vessel be to pay tonbuilt within the said states, and belong to a citizen or citizens nage more
than once in a thereof, shall, on each entry, pay filly cents per ton.
§ 4. That this act shall commence and be in force from and Fifty cents after the fifteenth day of August next. [Approved, July 20, per ton by 1789.]
foreign vessels in the
coasting trade. CHAP. 4. An act for establishing an Executive Department, to be denominated This act to the Department of Foreign Affairs.
the 15th of § 1. Be it enacted, f.c. That there shall be an executive August, 1789.
Vol. i. department, to be denominated the department of foreign af.
Department fairs, and that there shall be a principal officer therein, to be of foreign af. called the secretary for the department of foreign affairs, who fairs.
Secretary shall perform and execute such duties as shall
, from time to thereof. His duties.
time, be enjoined on or entrusted to him by the president of the United States, agreeable to the constitution, relative to correspondences, commissions, or instructions, to or with public ministers or consuls, from the United States, or to negociations with public ministers from foreign states or princes, or to merno. rials or other applications from foreign public ministers, or other foreigners, or to such other matters respecting foreign affairs as the president of the United States shall assign lo the said de.
partment: And furthermore, that the said principal officer shall Subject to the conduct the business of the said deparıment in such manner as president's in the president of the United States stall, from time to time, order
or instruct. The secretary § 2. That there shall be in the said department an inferior to appoint a officer, to be appointed by the said principal officer, and to be chief clerk, who, in case
employed therein as he shall deen proper, and 10 be called the of vacancy, is chief clerk in the department of foreign affairs; and who, to have the whenever the said principal officer shall be removed from office custody of re
by the president of the United States, or in any other case of cords, books
vacancy, shall, during such vacancy, have the charge and custody of all records, books, and papers, appertaining to the said
department. The secretary
§ 3. That the said principal officer, and every other person and all others to be appointed or employed, in the said department, shall, before employed in
he enters on the execution of bis office or employment, lake an the department, to take oath or affirmation, well and faithfully to execute the trust committed an oath of to him. fidelity.
§ 4. That the secretary for the department of foreign affairs, lo Secretary to take charge
be appointed in consequence of this act, shall, forihwith after of papers, &c. his appointment, le entitled to have the custody and charge of of the foreign all records, books, and papers, in the office of secretary for the heretoforees. department of foreign affairs, heretofore established by the Unitablished. led States in congress assembled. [Approved, July 27, 1789.]
CHAP, 5. An act to regulate the collection of Duties, imposed by law on the TonVol. i. p. 157.
nage of Ships or vessels, and on Goods, Warts and Merchandises, imported into the United States.
§ 1. Be it enacled, &c. That for the due collection of the du. Due collection of duties, &c. ties imposed by law on the tonnage of ships and vessels, and on
goods, wares, and merchandises, imported into the United States, There shall be established and appointed, districis, poris, and of. ficers, in manner following, to wit :
The state of New Hampshire shall be one district,, to in. District of New Hampo,
clude the town of Portsinouch as the sole port of eniry; and shire ; ports the towns of Newcastle, Dover and Exeter, as ports of deliof entry and very only; but all ships or vessels bound to or from either of lectors, &c.
the said porte of delivery, shall first come lo, enter, and clear, at Portsmouih ; and a naval officer, collector, and surveyor, for the said district, shall be appointed, to reside at Portsmouth.
In the state of Massachusetis shall be twenty districts and ports of entry, to wit: Newbury pori, Gloucester, Salem and