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to you all our state, internal and ex- ing on the gospel ; and since the proternal. . The cause is making prog- hibition, some Armenians and Portu. ress, though we are constantly taught guese have taken so decided a part on that it is not by might, nor by power, the side of the gospel that one of them but by the Spirit of Jehovah. is fitting up a part of his house for the
express purpose of having preaching T. ROBERT RALSTON, Esq. in it to the Hindoos, and another house VERY DEAR SIR,
has been, also, opened by other Your kind favour I received by Mr. man through their suggestion. These Bayley of the Bainbridge, and your are circumstances which give us great second by the ~, giving an account encouragement, and will, I hope, be of a further sum of two thousand dol. the occasion of great good. lars generously collected in America, How it rejoices my heart to hear for the purpose of assisting us in the such good tidings from America. I translation of the word of God into find there are still very glorious dis. the Eastern languages. I need not plays of divine grace in many parts, say that this and what we received and that the greatest part of those per the Bainbridge, shall be faithfully awakened in the late remarkable reapplied to the purposes for which it vival, turn out well: nothing will so was sent. A public letter from our effectually silence all objections to the whole body will inform you what we word, as the suitable conduct and have already done, and what we are conversation of those who were the now doing
subjects thereof. What a mercy it is that we may be I am greatly pleased with the ma. permitted to do any thing for Christ, ny attempts to spread the gospel and that he does not reject us and our through America, by itinerancies and offerings too.
missionary excursions. The journals I have no need to say mueh about published in the Magazine were to our affairs, because our dear friend, me a treat indeed. I hope that the captain Wickes, will inform you of spirit of missions will increase a hunall things, much better than I can do dred fold throughout the United by writing. Suffice it to say that the States. work of God is gradually going on, Pray has a mission to St. Domingo few ordinance days occur without been ever thought of ? It is a very desome addition from among the hea. sirable thing that the inhabitants of then, and inquirers frequently come that extensive island should hear of from different parts, some of whom and know him, who can make them not only scek, but find. We have met free indeed. with some obstructions from govern
Cease not to remember, at a ment, which are to us highly afflict. throne of grace, the cause of the Reing; but, I trist, a gracious God will deemer in India, and one who is yours cause all these things to work together very affectionately. eventually for the furtherance of the Calcutta, 28th Oct. 1806. W. CAREY, gospel.
There are some very encouraging O Further extracts from these Stirrings in Calcutta. Till our public interesting letters will be presented in preaching was stopped, there was a our next Number. large body of the natives daily attend
310 GRAPHICAL SKETCII
dained in Feb. 1759. The same year he took his degree at Philadelphia College, and settled in the ministry on James' Island, near Charleston, S. C. Obliged on account of his ill health, to quit that place in about eighteen months after his first resi. in the Assembly's Shorter Catechism, dence there, he removed to Borden. the doctrines of the Reformation, town, N. J. where he continued two which were held very precious, as the years, supplying two different congre. truths of Scripture by the fathers of gations. Afterward he visited New. New-England. These doctrines he England, and having officiated at the explained and enforced with clear. Second Baptist Church in Boston ness, and with an apostolic zeal and about one year, was installed over the intrepidity. He opened to his bear. First, Jan. 9, 1765.
eys the way of salvation through a Dr. Stillman was by nature endow. DIVINE REDEEMER. Though an ad. ed with a good capacity, and an un. vocate for Christian candour and liber, common vivacity and quickness of ap. ality, he was no friend to modern reprehension. His feelings were pecil, finements in theology; but viewed fiarly strong and lively; which gave their progress with deep concern, and energy to whatever he did, and under opposed to it vigorously all his elo. the influence and control of religious quence and influence. He considered principles, served to increase and dif- these refinements as carkerous to pure fuse his eminent piety. To this con- and undefiled religion, and subversive stitutional ardour, both of sentiment of Christian morality. He felt a deep and action, which led him to enter concern for the interests of Zion. His with his whole soul into every object heart mourned at her depression, and which engaged his attention, he uni- exulted in her prosperity. ted a remarkable delicacy of feeling, Dr. Stillman was favoured by the and sense of propriety, and such Anthor of his being, with a pleasant sprightliness and alfability in conver- and most commanding voice, the very sation, such ease and politeness of tones of which were admirably adapmanners, and at the same time, such ted to awaken the feelings of an audi. a glow of pious zeal and affection, as ence; and he always managed it with enabled him to mingle with all ranks great success. His eloquence was of and classes of people, and to dis. the powerful and impressire, rather charge all his duties as a Christian than of the insinuating and persuasive minister, and as a citizen, with digni. kind; and his manner so strikingly ty, acceptance and usefulness. The interesting, that he never preached to lively interest he appeared to take in an inattentire audience. And even whatever affected the happiness or in, those, who dissented from him in recreased the pleasures of his friends, ligious opinions, were still pleased the gentleness of his reproofs, and the with hearing him; for they knew gratification he seemed to feel in his sincerity—they knew him to be a commending others, united to his so. good man. There was a fervour in cial qualities, endeared him to all his prayers, that seldom failed to who knew bim.
awaken the devotion of his hearers ; The popularity of a preacher com- for, coming from the heart, it faile! monly declines with his years. Dr. not to reach the hearts of others. In Stillman, however, was a singular ex. his sermons, he was animated and pa. ception to this general remark. He thetic. His subjects were often doc, retained it for upwards of 42 years, trinal, but he commonly deduced and his congregation, which, upon his practical inferences from them, and first connexion with it, was the small- every one acknowledged his great est in this town, at the age of 70, the usefulizess. He addressed not only period of his death, he left amongst the understandings, but the hearts the most numerous.
and feelings of his hearers. He was As a minister of Christ his praise an experimental preacher, laid open was in all the churches. For this the deceitfulness of the human heart, great work he was prepared by the exhibited the various trials and come grace of God in his early conrersion, forts of Christians ; guided them and a diligent improvement of his nat. in the way to eternal life, and led the yral talents in a course of theological studies under the direction of the late In the chamber of sickness and excellent Mr. Hart. He embraced affliction he was always a welcome what are denominated the distinguish. visitor. Só well could he adapt bis ing doctrines of the gospel, or the doc- conversation, as to comfort or to cau. erines of grace, as they are summed up tion, soothe or to awaken--just as the
case seemed to require. And if he fect unison with the other parts of it. administered reproof, it was done in Of husbands, he was one of the most so delicate and mild a manner, that kind and accommodating ;-of parit oftener conciliated esteem, than ents, the most affectionate and encreated offence. In his prayers with dearing.-It pleased the Author of the sick, however intricate the oc- Wisdom to visit him with peculiar casion, he was always both appropri. trials. In the course of a few years ate and higbly devotional. So cmi- he was called to bury seven of his nent was his character for piety, and children, all adults, and some of them so universally was he beloved, that he with finilies; yet such was his confi. was often ealled to the sick and af. dence in the perfect wisdom of God's Aicted of diferent denominations. government, that he was always paHow many wounded hearts he has tient and submissive, and his mind bound up, and from how many weep- lost nothing of its lively confidence ing eyes he has wiped the tears away ; and cheerful hope. how many thoughtless sinners he was His habit of body, through life, was the means of awakening, and how weakly, and he was not unused to many saints he has edified and built occasional interruptions of his minisup unto eternal life ; how many wa- terial labours ; yet he survived all his vering minds he has seuled, and to clerical cotemporaries both in this how many repenting sinners his words town and its vicinity. It was his conadministered peace, can
stant prayer that his life and his useknown only at the great day. fulness might run parallel.” In this,
The integrity of Dr. S.'s character his desires were gratified. A slight was such as produced universal con- indisposition detained him at home fidence in hiin. Expressive of this the two last Lord's days of his life. was his election by the town of Bus. On the Wednesday following the ton, as a inember of the State Con- second of them, without any previvention, for the formation of the State ous symptoms, he was suddenly atConstitution, in 1779; as also for the tacked, at about 11 o'clock, A. M. adoption of the Federal Constitution, by a paralytic shock. At 10 at night, in 1788. In this last body he deliv. having received a second stroke, he ered a very eloquent speech in its grew insensible, and at 12 expircd. support ; and was considered, at the could he have selected the manner of time, as having contributed much to his death, it had probably been such wards its adoption, and confirmed an one as this, which spared him the many members in its favour, who pain of separation from a flock he was were previously wavering upon that most ardently attached to, and a fam. question. To that constitution, he ily he most tenderly loved'; a scene, ever after continued a firm, unshaken which to a person of his feeling mind, friend, and a warm approver of the potwithstanding all his religion, must administrations of WASHINGTON and have occasioned a shock. On the ADAMS,
Monday following, his remains were In 1789, he delivered the town attended to the Meeting House, Oration on the 4th of July, in which where a pathetic and appropriate diske be also highly celebrated the virtues course was delivered on the occasion, of the Father of his Country.
by the Rev. Dr. BALDWIN, pastor • The University in Cambridge con- of the 2d Baptist Church in this town, ferred on him the honourary degree from 2 Tim. iv. 7, 8, to an immensely of A, M, in 1761, and the College thronged and deeply affected assemof Rhode Island gave him a diploma bly; after which his remains were of D. D. in 1788.
carried to the tomb, amidst the reTo his church and people he was grets of a numerous concourse of peo. particularly attentive, and suffered ple, who crowded around his bier, to no calls of relaxation or amusement to take a last look at the urn, which coninterfere with the conscientious dis- tained the relics of him, who once to charge of the smallest professional them was so dear, but whose face duty. His duty was always indeed they now should see no more. His his delight, and nothing in his mind loss will long be felt, not only by his ever stood in any sort of competition own immediate Society, but all his with it.
other numerous friends. His domestic character was in per. The memory of the just is blesset.
The Biographical Sketch of the Rev. Wm. COOPER, has come to hand and shall appear next month.
We have received the Remarks of Candidus, on the Extract from Sennebier's History of Literature, (see Panoplist for Sept.] which contains an account of Calvin's treatment of Servetus. This respectable correspondent will excuse us if we decline publishing his objections in the manner in which they are brought forward. Were they reduced to a concise and specific form, and accompanied by proper references to authorities, we could have no objection to their admission ; as truth is our object. Were we to admit the whole communication of Candidus, as it now stands, it would still be a question, whether we are to submit to his authority or to that of Sennebier. Especially when we consider, that the extract from Sennebier, which we published, received the sanction of the late learned Dr. Erskine, who was intimately conversant with ecclesiastical history, and with European literature.
We readily admit the correctness and pertinency of many of the remarks of Candidus. With some abatement in respect to the characters and conduct of the first Reformers, we could subscribe to the following observations. " It cannot be contested that the Reformers were pretty generally," we should say, in too frequent instances,“ actuated by a blind, intemperate zeal against all, whom they suspected to be enemies of the gospel of truth, and embraced too often, improper methods for its support, which by the more candid and Christian sentiments of our day, are disapproved. Calvin too was a son of Zebedee. Francis Davidis also experienced, that even Socinus was, in this respect, not inore tinctured with the meek doctrine of our humble Saviour. It becomes us to state historical facts fairly; then we may try, as far as truth will allow, to lessen their faults, who greatly sinned through ignorance. Let the purity of our doctrine and lives be their severest condemnation, and the mouth of unbelief shall be stopped forever.”
The following are pertinent and forcible observations of Candidus, intended to expose one of the pleas of Sennebier in favour of Calvin. “ Had Sennebier; to extenuate Calvin's guilt, fairly acknowledged this instance of human weakness, and expatiated on Calvin's piety; on his eminent services in the cause of Christendom; on his elegant, learned writings ; on that masterly piece of composition, his preface, and I had nearly said, unequalled dedication to Francis I.; on his modesty, as a divine interpreter, and his disinterestedness ; had he even concluded with his panegyrist Beza, that Calvin left us in his life and death an example, which it was more easy to slander than to imitate; had Sennebier delineated, with few strokes, the turbulent spirit of democracy rankling in every breast at Geneva, Calvin's high authority in that city, with his uncontrolled power in the church, as President in the assembly of the clergy and ecclesiasucal judicatory ; had he shown this reformer exasperated by the virulent invectives of his haughty antagonist, and urged his irritable temper unused to brook opposition, he might have induced his readers to deplore the frailty of Calvin, and to avert their eyes from a foul spot in such a bright character. But what friend of Calvin can bear with patience Sennebier's plea ! “Calvin's situation was delicate. The Catholics accused him of dangerous errors. Had he remained an indifferent spectator of the process against Servetus, they would bare pronounced him a favourer of his opinions." Had Servetus escaped, his gross and abusive charges against Calvin would have appeared to be well founded.” If Calvin's conduct will admit no better apology than this, his character, we freely grant, deserves to be stigmatized.
If, after the foregoing remarks, Candidus shall feel disposed to forward us his remaining communications on this subject, they shall be treated with the respect due to their author.
Ż. on Christian Zeal, and the Biographical Sketch by Theophilus shall appear next month.
Our other correspondents shall be attended to as fast as the limits of our work will admit.
A PASTOR OF THE CHURCH IN DRATTLE STREET, BOSTON.
Tue early years of Mr. Coop- At seven years old, while er were distinguished by presa- hearing a sermon of Mr. Colges of that eminence, which in man, with whom he afterward future life he actually attained. was colleague, he was so attractA vigorous mind, intense appli- ed by the eloquence of his mancation, and an ardent thirst for ner, that he went home with a knowledge marked his child- determination to read like him ; hood. Blest with a religious ed- a circumstance, which drew from ucation, he exhibited, even at that venerable man (who survive this period, hopeful evidences of ed him, and preached on his piety ; evidences which bright- death) the following affectionate ened with his years, till all who and humble remark. “I ought knew him were convinced that to thank God, (says he) if I have the grace of God had taken pos- served any way to form him for session of his heart. At his fa- his since eminent pulpit serther's death, his lovely and af- vices, and in particular, his methflicted mother found in him a son od of preaching Christ and Scripof consolation indeed. His ten- ture.
So a torch may be lit at a der and sympathetic attentions, farthing candle." in this trying scene, were min- Mr. Cooper's youth, though gled with a seriousness, which passed in the midst of temptation, gave them a double value. was exemplarily pure. He was
His progress in the branches grave, but not gloomy, nor ausof knowledge usually taught at tere ; discrcet, but not precise ; school, was rapid. But the Bin and cheerful, with innocence. ble was his chosen companion ;. Study was his recreation. He and with the greatest assiduity, accurately discriminated, he stored his mind with its sa- ardently cultivated those branchcred truths. He had early set
es of science which were most his heart on being a minister of useful and important. Every Jesus Christ; and from this literary pursuit was sanctified by choice he never swerved.
prayer, and every human acqui. No. 12. Vol. II.