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tion in great measure of every affection,' are the evils here proother business : whilst the gain hibited ; and we know them to made by government and by in- be the sources of all other crimes, dividuals, from the stakes depos. and of . man's misery. And ited with them, renders it as im- the command requires modera prudent, as it is sinful in 'the ad- tion in respect of all worldly venturers; for every individual things, submission to God, acstakes three 10 two on an even quiescence in his will, love to his chance, if a covetous appeal to commands, and a reliance on him Providence may be called chance for the daily supply of all our (Prov. xvi, 33.) Even Tontines wants, as he sees good. This is seem not wholly excusable, as right and reasonable, fit for God they constitute a kind of compli- to command, and profitable for cated wager about longevity, to man to obey, the very temper be decided by Providence in fa- and felicity of heaven itself: but vour of the survivors; and must it is so contrary to the dispositherefore partake of the nature tion of our heart by nature, and of other games of chance. Cov- so superior to the actual attaineting other men's property con- ment of the best Christians on trary to the law of love, and en- earth, that it is very difficult to riching the survivors, commonly persuade men in general, that at the expense of the relatives God requires such perfection ; of the deceased, are intimately still more difficult to satisfy them, connected with them : whilst that it is indispensable to the hapthey lead men into strong temp- piness of rational creatures; and tations secretly to wish the death most difficult of all to convince of others, for the sake of advan- them that every thing inconsisttages, which they inordinately ent with, or short of, this is sin ; desire and irregularly pursue. In that it deserves the wrath of fine, discontent, distrust, love of God, and cannot be taken away, wealth, pleasure, and grandeur, except by the mercy of God, desire of change, the habit of thro’ the atonement of Christ.” wishing, and every inordinate
DUCT OF ERASMUS.
OF RELIGION, themselves to have as great abil-
ities for settling those Christian
and all times, as they had for a
theological compotation, or a lit6 THERE was at this time a tle scholastic dispute, were in. certain preacher at Constance, finitely mistaken. Truth, says who consulted Erasmus by Bot- he, is efficacious and invincible, zem, how the reformation might but it must be dispensed with best be advanced. Erasmus an- evangelical prudence. For my
* Scott's Commentaries,
self, I so abhor divisions, and so tianity, if the pacific scheme of love concord, that I fear, if an Erasmus had been received and occasion presented itself I should pursued., Divisions, it must be sooner give up a part of truth, owned, do much harm; yet than disturb the public peace. they have at least produced this
“But the mischief is, that a good, that the truth of the gos. man.cannot thus give up truth, pel, and a Christian. liberty, without running into falsehood, which acquiesceth only in the and assenting to things, which decisions of Jesus Christ, are he doth not believe. For a man not entirely banished from the cannot judge that to be right, face of the earth, as they would which his own reason pronounces have been without those strug to be false, only because over, gles of our ancestors. They bearing persons attack the truth have produced no small service with more vehemence, than he to the memory of Erasmus himchooseth to employ in defence self, who, having his works con. of it, and are the majority and demned by theological cabals, the stronger party. :
Besides, and mangled by inquisitions, when such enemies, to reason which struck out the most valu. and to religion, perceive that a able part of his writings, would man will not have the courage have been stigmatized and proto defend his opinions at all ex. scribed through all ages, if a partremities, which Erasmus con- ty had not risen up in Europe fessed to be his own disposition, and also amongst his own counthey never fail to take advantage trymen, which willingly forgives of him, to oppress him, and to him his weaknesses and irreso, tun him down, well knowing lution, for the sake of his useful that nothing is necessary to ac- labours, philological and theolocomplish their purposes besides gical ; and hath restored to him stubbornness, clamour, impus, a second life and recommended dence, and violence.
him to the Christian world, by spiritual tyranny, being once an elegant and faithful edition of erected, would endure forever, all his works. and gain strength and stability. “ But let us hear some more Concord and peace are unques- of his advice. This preacher, tionably valuable blessings ; but says he, who certainly is a woryet not to be purchased at the thy man, will do more service to expense of truth and liberty, the gospel, the honour of which which are infinitely more ești- we all have at heart, if he takes mable than a sordid tranquillity, care to join the prudence of the beneath the yoke of falsehood evangelical serpent to the siinand arbitrary dominion. Be. plicity of the evangelical dove. neath this yoke the Christian re- Let him essay it; and then let public becomes a mere faction him condemn my counsel, if he of poltroons, solicitous about en- finds it not to be salutary:' joying the present, and neglect- « Alas !
experience hath ing every thing that is laudable taught the Christian world, that under the pretext of preserving this same serpentine prudence the peace.
Such would have served to make falsehood triumheen the present state of Chris.. phant. It was even easy to foresee it, since this wisdom consisto cívil discord of the preceding som ed only in submitting to that
mer to the preaching of Protestants.
The orthography of the age is refaction, which was the most
tained. powerful and the most obstinate. “But here is now an argument
“ Erasmus entertained some to prove the matter against the hopes, that his old friend and preachers. Here was preaching school fellow Adrian VI. would against covetousnes all the last do some good as he testifies in yeare in Lent, and the next somthis letter : but, says he, if I mer followed rebellion : Ergo, should be mistaken in this, I preaching against covetousnes will not be factious. As to the
was the cause of the rebellion. preacher's last question, are we A goodly argument. Here now to abandon and give up the I remember an argument of maiswhole gospel ? 1 reply; they ter Moore's, which he bringeth may be said to abandon the gost in a booke, that he made against pel, who defend it in an improp. Bilney,* and here by the way I er manner. Besides ; with what will tell you a merg toy. Maisreserve and slow caution did our ter Moore was once sent in Lord himself discover his doc- commission into Kent, to help to trine ?'
try out, if it might be, what was .“ All this in some sense may the cause of Goodwin sandes, and be right; but then our Saviour the shelfe, that stopped up Sandnever said any thing contrary to wich haven. Thether cometh the truth; and when the time maister Moore, and calleth the was come for it, he laid down countrye afore him, such as were his life in confirmation of it; thought to be men of experience, which is more than Erasmus is and men that could in likelihode inclined to do, as he himself best certify him of that matter, frankly confesseth. It cannot be concerning the stopping of Sandcalled defending the gospel to re« wich haven. Among others came fer it to the arbitration of a set of in before him an olde man with Ecclesiastics, whom all the world a white head, and one that was knew to be either ill instructed, thought to be little less than an or ill disposed, or both.”
hundereth years olde. · When We may add in a future No. maister Moore saw this aged man, a letter from Luther to Eras- he thought it expedient to heare mus in the year 1524, which him say his minde in this matsets in a striking light, the dis- ter (for being so olde å man it ferent characters of those two was likely that he knew most of great men.
any man in that présence & company.) So maister Moore called this olde aged man unto him, and
sayd: father (sayd he) tell me if The following is taken from a dis
ye can what is the cause of this course entitled, A most faithful sermon preached before King Edward great arising of the sandes and VI. and his most honourable Counsell,
shelves here about this haven, in his Court at Westminster, by the Reverend father M. Hugh Latimer. * Bilner was a Protestant writer, by An. 1550. It pointedly exposes the the perusal of whose writings, Lati. folly of those, who attributed the mer was converted from popery.
the which stop it up that no Men from England bought and sold shippes can arrive here? Ye are me, the eldest man that I can espie
Paid my price in paltry gold,
But, though theirs they have enroll'd in all this company, so that if any me, man can tell any cause of it, ye Minds are never to be sold. of likelihode can say most in it,' or at least wise more than any
Still in thought as free as ever, man here assembled. Yea for. Me from my delights to sever,
What are England's rights, I ask, sooth good maister (quod this olde
Me to torture, me to task. man) for I am well nigh an hundreth years olde, and no man
Fleecy locks and black complexion here in this company any thing
Cannot forfeit Nature's claim;
Skin may differ, but affection neare unto mine age. Well
Dwells in black and white the same. then (quod maister Moore) how say you in this matter? What Why did all-creating Nature thinke ye to be the cause of
Make the plant for which we toil ? these shelves and flattes, that
Sighs must fan it, tears must water,
Sweat of ours must dress the soil. stoppe up Sandwiche haven ? Forsooth syr (quod he) I am an Think, ye masters, iron-hearted, olde man, I think that Tenterton Lolling at your jovial boards, steeple is the cause of Goodwin
Think how many backs have smarted, sandes. For I am an old man
For the sweets your cane affords. syr (quod he) and I may remem- Is there, as you sometimes tell us, ber the building of Tenterton stee- Is there One who reigns on bigh? ple, and I may remember when Has he bid you buy and sell us, there was no steeple at all there,
Speaking from his throne, the sky! and before that Tenterton steeple Ask him if your knotted scourges, was in building, there was no Fetters, blood extorting screws, manner of speaking of any flattes Are the means which duty urges or sandes, that stopped the haven,
Agents of his will to use. and therefore I thinke that Ten
Hark! he answers ; wild tornadoes terton steeple is the cause of the
Strewing yonder sea with wrecks, destroying and decaying of Sand- Wasting towns, plantations, meadows, wich haven. And even so to my Are the voice with which he speaks. purpose is preaching of God's worde the cause of rebellion, as
He foreseeing what vexation
Afric's sons should undergo : Tenterton steeple was the cause, Fix'd their tyrants' habitations, that Sandwich haven is decayed. Where his whirlwinds answer--No. And is not this a gaye matter, that such should be taken for
By our blood in Afric wasted,
Ere our necks receiv'd the chain-; great wise men, that will thus
By the mis’ries which we tasted, reason against the preacher of
Crossing in your barks, the main ; God's worde?”
By our sufferings since you bro't us
To the man-degrading mart,
All sustain'd by patience, taught us THE NEGRO'S COMPLAINT. Only by a broken heart. Forc'd from home and all its pleasure, Deem our nation brutes no longer, Afric's coast I left forlorn,
Till some reason you shall find, To increase a stranger's treasure
Worthier of regard and stronger O'er the raging bidows borne. Thạn the colour of our kind. No. 11. Vol. II. Tit
Staves of gold! whose sordid deal. Prove that you have human feelings, ings,
Ere you proudly question ours. Tarnish all your boasted pow'rs,
IN NEW ENGLAND.
For the Panoplist. human nature, a just account of
heathen morality, or an example ON THE STATE OF LITERATURE
of what the human mind can per
form, Cicero stands almost with(Continued from p. 473.)
out a rival. The Mathematics,
also, which had been exiled In the Colleges of New Eng. without a hearing, have been reland a change is observable, and called, and enjoy nearly their one which will appear of no former elevated situation. la small moment to the friends of short, a very great change is sound erudition. The severer visible in our higher seminaries studies have regained that of learning, from superficial to ground, which a number of solid studies, from those which years since; they were forced to are frivolous and effeminate, to abandon to that light and frothy those which nerve the man for stuff, which, under a hundred vigorous action. names, our booksellers' shops It ought not to be passed in were pouring upon the public. silence, that inferior schools have The taste was lately to reject the here been set on a more respectstudy of the languages, and the able footing, than, perhaps, in amathematics, as fit only for ped- ny other quarter of the world. ants and laborious plodders, and The Legislatures of some of the totally beneath the attention of a New England States have manman of genius. The student's ifested a truly paternal regard library was a strange medley of toward the education of all the extracts, compilations, and a- children in the community. bridgements, plays, travels, and And so extensively is this blessromances, which, however they ing spread, that few might not, might have become the chamber if disposed, acquire a knowledge of a fine lady, suffered not a lit. sufficient to transact the ordinary tle, when compared with the clas- business of life, to enjoy much sical dignity of their predeces. satisfaction in the perusal of
Now the tables are turn- salutary books, and to become ed. Scholars may be found who useful citizens of a free country. are not ashamed to confess that We may also congratulate our. they derive great pleasure from selves that the philosophical jarthe perusal of the ancient classics. gon, wbich made so much noiso It would now be no discredit to a few years since, and threatened own one's self delighted with to turn the literary and moral Xenophon, or Longinus, or to world upside down, has fallen inbelieve that, for accurate views of to the most pointed neglect and