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PAGE 176, NOTE 243.-Subsequently friend of the poet. “Staig," was the provost Major General Dunlop, of Dunlop.
of Dumfries; “ Welsh," the sheriff of the PAGE 176, NOTE 244.-Rachel, daughter county. of Mrs. Dunlop, was engaged upon an | PAGE 180, NOTE 254.--A piece of ord. imaginative sketch of Burns's Muse, Coila. nance, of extraordinary structure and mag
GE 177. NOTE 245.-Amare, the ' nitude, founded in the reign of James IV. of property of Mr. William Nicol, and lent by Scotland, about the end of the fifteenth that gentleman to Burns, in whose keeping century, and which is still exhibited, though it became ill, and died at his farm, of Ellis in an infirm state, in Edinburgh castle. Jand.
The diameter of the mouth is twenty inches. PAGE 178, NOTE 246.-This piece was PAGE 180, NOTE 255.-The “Bullers of published in a newspaper, and from that Buchan” is an appellation given to a tretime forward remained unnoticed until it mendous rocky recess on the Aberdeenshire was reproduced in Chambers's Edition of coast, near Peterhead-having an opening Burns's Works.
to the sea while the top is open. The sea, PAGE 278, NOTE 247.-The parallel be- constantly raging in it, gives it the appeartween these lines and those of Johuson, as ance of a pot or boiler, and lience the follow, cannot escape the reader :
name. In bed we laugh, in bed we cry,
Page 181, NOTE 256,--The executioner And born in bed, in bed we die;
of Charles I. of England, who, as was the The near approach a bed may show,
custom, was masked. Of human bliss and human woe.
PAGE 181, NOTE 257.-John, Earl of
Dundee. PAGE 179, NOTE 248.-At the general PAGE 181, NOTE 258.-The illustrious election, 1790, the representation of the five Graham, Earl, and afterwards Marquis, of boroughs of Dumfries, Annan, Kirkcud- Montrose. bright, Sanquhar, and Lochmaben, forming PAGE 181, NOTE 259.---Francis Grose, one electoral district, was contested by Sir author of the Antiquities of England, IreJames Johnstone, of Westerhall, in the land, and Scotland, and of several other pubministerial or Tory, and Captain Patrick lications, some of which display considerable Miller, the younger, of Dalswinton, in the knowledge of mankind, wit, and humour, Whig or opposition interest. Burns, who was became acquainted with Burns at Captain friendly to the latter party, here allegorises Riddel's mansion at Friar's Carse, while the contest; characterising Dumfries as making the necessary inquiries for his Maggy on the banks of Nith; Annan, as work on Scottish antiquities. He was a Bess of Annandale; Kirkcudbright, as bon-vivant, and had acquired enormous Whisky Jean of Galloway; Sanquhar,as Black personal bulk. Captain Grose died at Joan frae Chrichton Peel; and Lochmaben Dublin, of an apopletic fit, May 12, 1791, as Marjory of the many lochs--appellations, in the fifty-second year of his age. all of which have some appropriateness from PAGE 181, NOTE 260.--The extreme local circunstances. The contest was de. parish on the southern frontier of Scotland cided in favour of Captain Miller.
is called Kirkmaiden, of which this word PAGE 179, NOTE 249.-Sir J. John Maidenkirk is a mere transposition. Kirk. stone.
maiden parish is in Wigtonshire. PAGE 179, NOTE 250.-Captain Miller. PAGE 182, NOTE 261.-One of the old
PAGE 179, NOTE 251.---King George the traditional Scottish ballads entitled Sir John Third.
Malcolm, furnished Burns with the rhythPAGE 179, Note 252.-George, Prince mical model of this piece. of Wales, afterwards Pregent, and King Page 182, NOTE 262.--This poem came George the Fourth.
thruugh the hands of Rankine of Adamhill PAGE 180, NOTE 253.- This is a de- to those of a gentleman of Ayr, who gave it scription of the contest alluded to in the to the world in the Edinburgh Magazine for preceding poem. “Drumlanrig,” is the in- February 1818, with the following original famous fourth Duke of Queensberry. “Wes- superscription :-"To the Right Honourable terha,” is Sir James Johnstone, the Tory the Earl of Breadalbane, President of the candidate. M'Murdo, was the Duke of Right Honourable and Honourable the Queensberry's chamberlain at Drumlanrig. Highland Society, which met on the 23rd of a friend of the poet. « Craigdarroch," is May last, at the Shakspeare, Coveut-Garden, Fergusson, of Craigdarroch. “Glenriddel,” | to concert ways and means to frustrate the is Captain Riddel, of Glenriddel, another designs of five hundred Highlauders, who,
as the society were informed by Mr. M ! PAGE 183, NOTE 264..Vide the Caricof A S, were so audacious as to attempt thura of Ossian. an escape from their lawful lords and PAGE 183, NOTE 265.-Johnson's Tour masters, whose property they were, by to the Hebrides. emigrating from the lands of Mr. M'Donald, PAGE 184, NOTE 266.-James, fourof Glengarry, to the wilds of Canada, inteenth Earl of Glencairn, and in whose search of tnat fantastic thing-LIBERTY.” | younger brother this ancient title became
PAGE 183, NOTE 263.—“As the authen- extinct in 1796, was a Whig nobleman of tic prose history of the Whistle is curious, I great generosity of disposition. He died shall here give it. In the train of Anne of unmarried at Falmouth, January 30th, 1791, Denmark, when she came to Scotland with in the forty-second year of his age. Burns, our James VI., there came over also a who considered himself greatly indebted to Danish gentleman of gigantic stature and Glencairn, put on mourning for his death, great prowess, and a matchless champion of wrote this beautiful poem to his memory, Bacchus. He had a little ebony whistle, and called a son after him, now Major which, at the commencement of the orgies, James Glencairn Burns, of the East India he laid on the table, and whoever was the Company's service. last able to blow it, every body else being PAGE 186, NOTE 267.-Alexander Mondisabled by the potency of the bottle, was" | roe, Professor of Anatomy to the University to carry off the whistle as a trophy of of Edinburgh. victory. The Dane produced credentials of PAGE 186, NOTE 268.-The favour his victories, without a single defeat, at the which formed the burthen of the foregoing courts of Copenhagen, Stockholm, Moscow, poetical epistle, was the translation of the Warsaw, and sereral of the petty courts in poet from the fatiguiug Excise division of Germany; and challenged the Scots Bac Ellisland, to the less laborious one of chanalians to the alternative of trying his Dumfries, which favour is acknowledged as prowess, or else of acknowledging their in- , having been obtained, in these lines. feriority. After many overthrows on the PAGE 186, NOTE 269.--An allusion to part of the Scots, the Dane was encountered the decline of the fashion which was so by Sir Robert Lawrie of Maxwelton, an- | prevalent during the last cer cestor of the present worthy baronet of that gentlemen, to drink to excess, swear, and name; who, after three days' and three indulge in other equally delicate amusenights' hard contest, left the Scandinavian ments, and in which the squirearchy so under the table,
eminently shone. It was this fashion which And blew on the whistle his requiem shrill.'
had been so severely satirized by Fielding
in his novels, Sir Walter, son of Sir Robert before men Page 186, Note 270.--The ruins of tioned, afterwards lost the whistle to Walter Lincluden church, near Dumfries. Riddel, of Glenriddel, who had married a PAGE 188, NOTE 271.-Though found sister of Sir Walter's. On Friday the 16th among the papers of Burns, in his own
ctober 1790, at Friar's-Carse, the hand-writing, and printed as his in some whistle was once more contended for, as former editions, the present editor has related in the ballad, by the present Sir scarcely a doubt that this poem is not by Robert, of Maxwelton: Robert Riddel, Esq., the Ayrshire bard. It is much more like of Glenriddel, lineal descendant, and repre- the composition of Fergusson, or Beattie. sentative of Walter Riddel, who won the PAGE 188, NOTE 272,--This piece was whistle, and in whose family it had con- first published in the edition of Burns's tinued; and Alexander Fergusson, Esq., of Works, produced by Messrs Chambers, and Craigdarroch, likewise descended from the was contributed by Mr. James Duncan, of great Sir Robert; which last gentleman Mosesfield, near Glasgow, in whose possescarried off the hard-won honours of the field.” sion is the original manuscript.
BURNS. [The whistle is kept at this PAGE 189, NOTE 273.- When General day by the Right Honourable R. C. Fergus. Dumourier, after unparalled victories, left son, of Craigdarroch, M.P. for the Stewartry the army of the French Republic, April of Kirkcudbright-son of the victor.] 1793, and took refuge from the infuriated
The Rhenish Legends supply is with Convention, with the enemies he had lately two or three analogous stories, in which beaten, some one expressing joy in the certain cups or tankards figure, and of which event where Burus was present, he chanted they commemorate the facts in their pre- almost extempore the sarcastic stanzas of eervation.
PAGE 189, NOTE 274.--Captain Riddel, respecting this elegant, but unfortunate of Glenriddel, or Mr. Riddel of Woodlee woman, is given elsewhere. park, which is not very decidly ascer- PAGE 193, NOTE 284.- On the death of tained. In either case, we are informed that General Stewart, representative of the Stewthe parties were reconciled.
artry of Kirkcudbright, in January 1795, PAGE 189, NOTE 275.--The Maria of Mr. Heron, of Kerroughtree, a zealous Whig, this lampoon, and that which follows, was and a friend of Burns, became candidate for Mirs. Riddel, of Woodlee park, a lady of the vacant seat. He was opposed by Gorpoetical talent and taste, with whom the don of Balmaghie, but gained his election. poet was generally on the best terms, but The third ballad relates to his contest at the who had temporarily repudiated him from general election of 1796, with the Hon. her society, in consequence of an act of Montgomery Stewart. He was likewise rudeness committed by him when elevated elected on that occasion, but unseated by a with liquor. She is the lady alluded to by committee. It is to be remarked, that the Dr. Currie, of whom Burns, amongst his last satirical allusions in tliese ballads, are almost days at Brow, asked if she had any com- all founded merely in party bitterness, not mands for the other world, and who wrote in truth. the beautiful paper on his death, which | PAGE 194, NOTE 285.-John Busby, of first appeared in the Dumfries Journal, and Tinwold Downs. was afterwards transferred entire to Currie's PAGE 194, NOTE 286.-Alluding to Memoir.
Busby's brother, whose fortune, as it was PAGE 190, Note 276.--By Æsopus, is said, was founded before his enigration to meant an actor of the name of William- the East Indies, in some transactions in son.
which the Ayr bank was concerned. PAGE 190, NOTE 277.-Gillespie.
PAGE 194, NOTE 287.--Mr. Maxwell, of PAGE 190, NOTE 278.-Colonel Mc Cardoness. Dowal, of Logan.
PAGE 194, NOTE 288.--Mr. Douglas, of PAGE 191, NOTE 279.-Burns also in Carlingwark, gave the name of Castle scribed the following lines on the windows Douglas to a village which rose in his neighof a grotto in Captain Riddel's grounds :--| bourhood, and which has since become a To Riddel, much-lamented man,
considerable and thriving town. This ivied cot was dear;
PAGE 194, NOTE 289.--Alluding to Mr. Reader, dost value matchless worth?
John Syme, an intimate friend of Robert
PAGE 194, NOTE 290.--Troggin is a term PAGE 191, NOTE 280.--Mrs. Riddel, of applied, in Scotland to the various wares Woodlee.
carried about by hawkers, who, in the same PAGE 191, NOTE 281.-These lines provincialism, are called troggers. were written in the fly.leaf of a copy of PAGE 194, NOTE 291. --The Earl of Thomson's Select Scottish Melodies, pre- Galloway." sented to Miss Graham, by Robert Burns. PAGE 194, NOTE 292.-Mr. Murray of
Page 192, NOTE 282.-On the night of Broughton. December the 4th, 1795.
PAGE 195, NOTE 293.-One of the canPAGE 193, NOTE 283.-The heroine of didates in this election-Mr. Gordon of several of his songs. Her name was Jean Balmaghie. Lorimer, her father being a farmer at PAGE 194, NOTE 294.--Alluding someKemeyss-Hall, near Dumfries. Burns seems what severely, to Busby, of Tinwold. to have formed an acquaintance with her PAGE 195, NOTE 295.-Burns here during his stay at Ellisland, as there is alludes to a brother wit, the Rev. Mr. Mwrstill a pane in the eastern room of that head, minister of Urr, in Galloway. The house, bearing her name, and that of her hit applied very well. for Muirhead was a lover John Gillespie, inscribed by her own wind-dried, unhealthy looking little man, hand, during a visit she paid there. She very proud of his genealogy, and ambitious afterwards formed an unfortunate alliance of being acknowledged, on all occasions, as with a Mr. Whelpdale, from whom she soon the chief of the Muirheads! He was not separated. At the time when the following disposed, however, to sit down with the stanzas were addressed to her, she was living affront: on the contrary, he replied to it in in retirement at Dumfries, under depression a virulent diatribe, which may be presented of spirits, the consequence of her recent as a remarkable specimen of clerical and domestic unhappiness. Further information | poetical irritability; and curious, moreover
as perhaps the only contemporary satire | tion as Dean of Faculty was inscribed. It upon Burns of which the world has ever is not impossible, that, in characterising
letter” from a tailor. Dr. Muirhead's jeu add unjustly, Burns might recollect the d'esprit is in the shape of a translation from slight with which his elegiac verses on the Martial's ode, Ad Vacerram.
father of that gentleman had been treated
| eight years before. “Vacerras, shabby son of whore,
PAGE 197, NOTE 300.—The Duke of Why do thy patrons keep thee poor?
Queensberry stripped his domains of DrumThou art a sycophant and traitor,
lanrig, in Dumfries-shire, and Neidpath in A liar, and calumniator,
Peebles-shire, of all the wood fit for being Who conscience (hadst thou that) wouldst
cut, in order to enrich the Countess of sell,
Yarmouth, whom he supposed to be his Nay lave the common sewers of hell
daughter, For whisky. Like most precious imp,
PAGE 197, NOTE 301.-Burns was one Thou art a gauger, rhymster, pimp.-
day being rallied by a friend for wasting his How comes it then, Vacerras, that
satirical shafts on persons unworthy of his Thou still art poor as a church rat?”
notice, and was reminded that there were CHAMBERS.
such persons (distinguished by rank and PAGE 195, NOTE 296.-Burus was a pri- circumstance) as the Duke of Queensberry, vate in the volunteer yoeman corps of on whom his biting rhapsodies might more Dumfries, of which Colonel De Peyster was advantageously be expended. He immedithe commanding officer.
ately improvised these lines. PAGE 195, NOTE 297.-A monument PAGE 197, NOTE 302.---Mr. M'Murdo about to be erected by Mr. Heron, of Ker- resided at Drumlanrig, as chamberlain to the roughtree, in his own grounds.
Duke of Queensberry. He and his wife and PAGE 195, NOTE 298.--Alluding to an daughters are allude i to in the election piece, only daughter, who died in the autumn of entitled Second Epistle to Mr. Graham of 1795, and so far removed from his residence, | Fintry. They were kind and hospitable as to render it impossible for him to visit friends of Burns, who celebrated several of her at the last. She died, moreover, very the young ladies in his songs. suddenly.
PAGE 198, NOTE 303.-"Sir Walter Scott PAGE 196, NOTE 299.--The Honourable possessed a tumbler, on which these lines Henry Erskine was elected Dean of the written by Burns on the arrival of a friend, Faculty of Advocates in 1786, and unani- Mr. W. Stewart, factor to a gentleman of mously re-elected every year till 1796, when Nithsdale. The landlady being very wrath it was resolved by some members of the at what she considered the distigurement of Tory party at the Scottish bar to oppose his her glass, a gentleman present appeased her re-election, in consideration of his having by paying down a shilling, and carried off the aided in getting up a petition against the relic."-LOCKHART. passing of the well-known sedition bills. PAGE 193, NOTE 304.-According to Mr. Erskine's appearance at the Circus Burns himself, this song was written when (now the Adelphi Theatre) on that occasion he was about seventeen years old, in honour was designated by those gentlemen (among of a damsel named Isabella Steven, who whom were Charles Hope and David Boyle, lived in the neighbourhood of Lochlee. now respectively Lord President and Lord | 1 President and Lord Par
PAGE 198. NOTE 305.-The old Wallad. Justice-Clarke) as “ agitating the giddy and McMillan's Peggy, was the model of this ignorant multitude, and cherishing such song. The heroine of the piece was a young humours and dispositions as directly tend lady educated in a manner somewhat supeto overturn the laws." They brought for- rior to the peasantry in general, and on ward Mr. Robert Dundas, of Arniston, whom Burns practised to display his tact in Lord Advocate, in opposition to Mr. captivating, until, by degrees, he fell in love Erskine; and at the election, January 12th, in earnest, and then discovered that the object 1796, the former gained the day by 123 of this first sport, then earnest, was previ. against 38 votes. The following verses by ously engaged. “It cost me,” says he, Bürns describe the keenness of the contest. “some heartaches to get rid of the affair." The mortification of the displaced dean was PAGE 198, NOTE 306. According to
extreme, that he that evening, with a Mr. Cunningham, this was the same person coal-axe, hewed off from his door in Prince's as Montgomery's Peggy. But more accurate street, a brass-plate on which his designa- 1 information identifies the heroine of the piece
as Margaret Alison, of Lochlee, who was there is presented a very early song to the pot engaged, and who actually mourned the tune of My Nannie, 0, beginninginconstancy of Burns.
“As I came in by Enbro' town, Page 199, NOTE 307.--This was the
By the side o' the bonny city, 0, same Peggy Alison mentioned in the fore
I heard a young man mak his moan, going note.
And O! it was a pity, O. PAGE 199, NOTE 308.-- An adaptation of
For aye he cried his Nannie, O! the Old English Ballad, which was rescued
His handsome, charming Nannie, O! from oblivion, obscurity, and black letter (in the Pepys Library, Cambridge), by Mr.
Nor friend nor foe can tell, 0-ho, Jamieson, who published it in his collection.
How dearly I love Nannie, O!” PAGE 200, NOTE 309.--Anne Blair, and | An improved song to the same air was written Anne Ronald, daughters of farmers in Tar- by Ramsay; and finally, Burns wedded the bolton parish, and the latter of whom became music to the following beautiful effusion of Mrs. Paterson, of Aikenbrae, have each been natural sentiment, the heroine of which is spoken of in their native district as the believed to have been a certain Agnes Flemheroine of this song. The poet's family ing, servant at Calcothill, near Lochlee. was intimate with Mr. Ronald's, when resi. | PAGE 202, NOTE 313.--"An improveding at Lochlee, and even after they had re- ment upon an ancient homely ditty to the moved to Mossgiel. Mr. Gilbert Burns was same air. It has been pointed out that the at one time considercd as a wooer of one of last admirable verse is formed upon a conceit, the Miss Ronald's. We learn from Mr. which was put into print long before the Cunningham that Mr. Ronald liked the con- days of Burns, and in a place where it is not versation of the poet very much, and would at all probable that he could ever have seen sometiines sit late with him; on which one it-a comedy entitled Cupid's Whirligig, pubof the girls-probably not Anne--remarked lished in 1607. The passage in the comedy that "she could na see ought about Robert is an apostrophe to the female sex, as fol. Burns that would tempt her to sit up wi' | lows:--- Since we were made before you, him till twal o'clock at vight."
should we not admire you as the last, and PAGE 200, NOTE 310.--This song was therefore, perfect work of nature. Man was composed in honour of Margaret Thomson, made when nature was but an apprentice, who lived in a cottage adjoining the Village but woman when she was a skilful mistress School of Kirkoswald, where Burns was of her art.”-CHAMBERS. completing his education, when nineteen | PAGE 202, NOTE 314.--A quotation from years old. Burns himself gives the follow. Young's “Night Thoughts." ing account of the inatter:--This Miss | PAGE 203, Note 315.-The “ Highland Thomson afterwards married a Mr. Nielson, Lassie," celebrated in this song, was the and settled with him in the town of Ayr. Mary Campbell, to whom Burns was at one « A charming fillette,” says Burns in speaking time engaged, and devotedly attached, and of her, “who lived next door to the school, whose premature death, in fact, prevented her overset my trigonometry, and sent me off at becoming Mrs. Burns, a tangent from the sphere of my studies. PAGE 204, NOTE 316.-"Composed on I, however, struggled on with my sines and the amiable and excellent family of Whitecosines for a few days more; but stepping foord's leaving Ballochmyle, when Sir John's into the garden one charming noon to take misfortunes obliged him to sell the estate."the sun's altitude, there I met my angel, BURNS. Maria was Miss Whitefoord, after
wards Mrs. Cranstone. The purchaser of the Like Proserpine gathering flowers,
property was Claud Alexander, Esq., whose Herself a fairer flower.
sister Burns has celebrated as the Bonnie It was in rain to think of doing any more Lass of Ballochmyle. good at school. The remaining week I staid, I PAGE 205, NOTE 317.—The origin of this I did nothing but craze the faculties of my beautiful song was the accidental meeting of soul about her, or steal out to meet her.” Miss Wilhelmina Alexander, in the grounds
TAGE 2010 NOTE 311.-"This tune is by attached to the mansion of Ballochmyle, the Oswald; and the words relate to some part property of her brother Mr. Claude Alexanof my private history, which it is of no con- der. The song was written in 1786, and sequence to the world to know.”—BURNS. immediately forwarded by Burns to Miss
PAGE 201, NOTE 312.-In a memoir of Alexander, whose delicacy kept it unknown Ramsay, in a publication entitled “Lives of for the time. Eminent Scotsmen” (3 vols. Boys, London),! PAGE 205, Note 318.--I composed this