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wounded, but not a man in our town taken civilized. We have people here from Wisprisoner. Business is dull here this winter, consin, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, New York, but we are looking forward for the good and New England. The yankees here, as evtime coming,' and content themselves with erywhere, I believe, take the lead ; and it is small sales and ditto profits. The longer we as true now as it was in days of old, that the stay here the better are we pleased with the wise men come from the east. Our Doctor people and the place—all we lack is the Jewett has gone to New England on a lecturfriends we left behind.' I wish when springing tour, hoping thereby, to induce people to opens you could see a way open to visit us. settle in this vicinity. Do the U— people Our house is a western one, but M— says if keep me in the liquor trade yet? if so, tell you will come here she will show you how them to ask Doctor Jewett, he can tell who comfortable you can be made even in a log sells it here and who does not. If he brings house. Our family consists of us, brother me in guilty, I will leave town, change my R-, Mehitable, (our kittie,) and the chickens, name and join the Indians. Our house is one block north of the church, Give our best love to both of you. Tell me one east of sister A-'s, one west of the post all the news as soon as convenient, and beoffice, and one south of the public o ; now | lieve me, as ever, could you not find us were you to come out

Truly, your cousin west?


Is friend Mowry with you ? if so, tell him

Mathematics. I love him, and if he will write to me he will

If there is anything in the world that reget as good as he sends—all but the good.

sembles the ladder which the patriarch saw There is not much Nimrod about you, I

| in vision, along which, forms of light and believe, but this is a great place for wild geese,

truth did come and go through all the night, ducks, pigeons, partridges, quails, rabbits,

| it is Mathematics. By it we creep up round prairie chickens, deers, foxes, &c., &c. The

after round, out of the dust of this great lakes and rivers abound in fish. If I should

cemetery, and descend with torch-like truths tell you what large pickerel they catch here,

that blazed around the throne; the burning I am afraid you would call it a fish story, but

lamps that light the legislative chamber of the if you will dine with us some day, I will drop

Infinite. one of them a line to be with us. M— had

Where they curb the mountain spring ;some scruples, about cooking some fish the

where they put a nerve of thought into the other day because I told her that the man I

bosom of the sea ; where they make the gray bought them of hooked them, but she saw the

| canvass glow with the twilight sky, or fling joke in time to prepare us a good dinner.

a spidery web amid the clouds and thunders of Among the additions to our town the past Niagara, there you will find Mathematics. season, may be found a meeting-house bell One moment it gauges the dew-drop, that and a village belle, a new school house and a satellite of sod, and the next, measures the new jail, a brass band and a band of Indians, star-beam that shines in it; now we find it a billiard saloon and a reading-room, two guiding the painter's hand as he parts with bowling allies and two new ministers. You his pencil, the blank, unbroken wall, and lets can see by the above that we are about half' in a cleft of heaven and a break of day; and


now the dialect of Nature's court, wherein number of school districts in each town, corher laws are rendered and preserved. porate or otherwise. No town, however, re

If any gift of propecy remains upon the ceives any part of this state appropriation unearth, sure we are, that it has passed from the less it raise by tax a sum equal to one half poet to the mathematician. How much “at of the money which would fall to it by such home” he walks along the centuries to come ; apportionment. how he foretells the shadow that shall fall on A sum not exceeding three thousand dolyour forgotten grave and ours, and marks the lars is also appropriated annually by the State wanderings of gipsey worlds amid the bright for the support of a Normal School, three encampment of the sky.

hundred dollars for Teachers' Institutes, and The anatomy of mathematics is what we of- about five hundred dollars for lectures and tenest see; but this is to clothe it with its addresses in the various school districts on own wardrobe of llfe and beauty.-B. F. Tay. “ the subject of education, and the best modes

of teaching and improving the schools.”

The following table eontains a general sumPublic Schools of Rhode Island.

mary of the condition of Schools in Rhode

Island for 1857 : The general supervision of the schools in this State is vested in a Commissioner, ap- Number of towns in the state, pointed annually by the Governor, with the Number of cities in the State, advice and consent of the Senate, whose duty Number of school districts,

386 it is “to visit, as often as practicalle, every Number of children due to the public school district in the state, for the purpose of schools, - - - - 35,902 inspecting the schools, and diffusing as wide- Number of children registered as atly as possible, by public addresses and per-| tending, - - - - 27,130 sonal communications with school officers, | Average number attending during the teachers, and parents, a knowledge of the de year, - - - - - 19,330 fects, and desirable improvements in the ad- | Whole No. attending summer schools, 22,046 ministration of the system and the govern- | Average number attending summer ment and instruction of the schools.” The schools, - - - - 16,300 Commissioner makes a report annually, to the Whole No. attending winter schools, 25,893 General Assembly, upon the condition of the Average No. attending winter schools, 19,281 Schools, and suggests modifications and im- | Average length of summer schools, in provements in the general plan of education. weeks and tenths of a week, 17.8 This report is made at the adjourned session | Average length of winter schools, in of the Assembly at Providence.

weeks and tenths of a week, The sum of fifty thousand dollars is annual- Average wages of male teachers, per ly appropriated for school purposes from a month, including board, $34.50 permanent fund. “Of this, thirty-five thou- Average wages of female teachers, per sand dollars is distributed among the various month, including board, $20.34 towns in proportion to the number of child- Number of summer schools,

390 ren therein under the age of fifteen years ; Male teachers in summer schools, and fifteen thousand dollars is apportioned Female teachers in summer schools, 412 among the several towns in proportion to the Number of winter schools,




Male teachers in winter schools,


Lines to My Teacher. Female teachers in winter schools, 311

BY ISABEL C. BALLOU. Amount of money expended on school houses, in building and repairing, $33,084

The following ode was read at the « ReAmount of money received from gen

union of the Young Ladies' High School,” at eral treasury for support of pub

the close of the last term, when Hon. John lic schools, - - - $49,996

KINGSBURY, LL. D., our present School ComAmount of money raised by town tax

missioner, who had been the teacher of the es for support of schools, $79,740

same school for thirty years, and who had Total amount of money from all sour

over five hundred graduates during his admin. ces available for support of pub

istration, closed his connection with the school: lic schools,


“ Hail to the chief, who in triumph advances,” -American Educational Year Book.

Trumpet and pibroch, to greet him, may sound;

We, to our chief, give five hundred bright glances, OPPOSITION.—" A certain amount of oppo- Smiles from one lip to another, go round. sition,” says John Neal, “is a great help to

Dear will his greeting seem, man. Kites rise against, and not with the

Where'er his face may gleam,

Under the bright sun, or where the dark sbade is; wind. Even a head wind is better than none.

Then let our welcome be, No man ever worked his passage anywhere in

Long live John KINGBURY; a dead calm. Let no man wax pale, therefore Hail to the chief of five hundred young ladies. because of opposition ; opposition is what he

| Thirty long years of his life has he striven, wants, and must have, to be good for anything.

yimg |


Battling with Ignorance; harder, by far, Hardship is the native soil of manhood and than that which history to us has given, self-reliance. He that cannot abide the storm Europe's remarkable “ Thirty Years' War.” without flinching or quailing, strips himself

Long has he fought, and well ; in the sunshine, and lies down by the way.

But for his shot and shell,

Lexicons, at us, their “ parts of speech” thundered. side to be overlooked and forgotten. He who

Then give him all respect; but braces himself to the struggle when the

He, who for Intellect wind blows, gives up when they have done, Fought, and has conquered, this valiant five hundred. and falls asleep in the stillness that follows.

Presidents of our most wonderful nation,

Find it hard work to rule men at their will; THE AQUARIUM.— Take a tank, if the sides

What would you think of the nice situation,

Forty-three school girls, at once, to keep still. are of glass all the better, and in it place grav

Hark! from the sky a sound el and broken stone to represent the bed of the

Comes through the air around, sea; then nearly fill it with sea water. The And from the depths of the lowermost Hades. plants of the sea will soon begin to be develop

“Shall we not praise him, then, ed, in forms of extraordinary variety and beau

Champion of married men ;

He who kept silent five hundred young ladies.” ty. Introduce the animals of the sea, fish, eels, turtles, crabs, &c., any and all of them, No more shall we, in our ante-room crowded, and the exhibition becomes an interesting and Sad, of the length of our lessons complain; useful study. Just now there is a great rage"

trace Nor, when our forms in our wrappers are shrouded,

| Shall we e'er hear of such kissing again. for these tanks in the parlors of England and

Kisses to right of us, thousands of homes are adorned with them.

Kisses to left of us,

Kisses in front of us, volleyed and thuudered, more advanced seminaries of learning. Many And we shall see no more,

of our pupils are employed in studies which What we have seen before,

they cannot understand, and in which, of Out of the school-house door, charge our five hundred.

course, they can find no pleasure. I know But he has left us :-in vain we lament him ;

very well that I read Cicero's Orations ten Vain, to his High School we call him again; years before I could understand an oration of For as Commissioner, Governor has sent him,

Burke. I read Tacitus long before I could All of our High Schools to superintend.

comprehend Hume; and Horace when I had But when we meet again,

no power of appreciating Burns. I had finWhere'er we may be then, Under the bright sun, or where the dark shade is, ished my course in thetoric some years before Let us all shout with glee,

I had any distinct conception of beauty of Long live John KINGSBURY ;

style; and long after I had gone through Hail to the chief of five hundred young ladies.

Stewart, I should have been puzzled to dis

tinguish between perception and conception. Progressive Development of the Human

I presume that now we are doing better, but Faculties by Education.

| I should not be surprised if there were found

many now studying the Greek tragedies, who We quote the following valuable remarks

can see no beauty in Shakspeare, and poring from the introductory address delivered before

over the “Oration on the Crown,” who would the American Institute of Instruction, at their

think it a task to read an oration of Webster. twenty-fifth annual meeting, in Providence,

| I fear that it is from this cause that our puAugust 8, 1854, by Rev. Dr. WAYLAND :

pils take so little interest in their studies. “So far as I see, in the course of instruc- They come to them as to a task, glad when tion marked out for young persons, but little the task is intermitted, and happy when it respect is paid to the progressive development ceases altogether. This should not be so. of the human faculties. A certain amount of The use of the intellectual faculties is intendtime is allotted to education, and the earlier ed to be a source of happiness, and there must the age within which this period is passed be some error where this result does not folover, the better, and the greater the number low from the use of them.of studies that can be crowded into it, the more satisfactory is supposed to be the result. Boys and GIRLS.--Speaking of the plan of If a pupil can be made to repeat the text- separating the sexes in school, Mr. Stowe, the book correctly, it is all that is demanded. celebrated Glasgow teacher says : Hence we see in the courses of study for mere " The separation has been found injurious. children, subjects which can only be compre- It is impossible to raise girls as high, intellecthended by the mind at the period of manhood. ually, without the boys as with them; and it The result is unhappy. The pupil leaves is impossible to raise boys morally as high school, as it is said, thoroughly educated, but without girls. The girls morally elevate the utterly disgusted with the studies which he boys, and the boys intellectually elevate the has pursued, and resolved hereafter never to girls. But more than this, girls themselves are look at them again ; a resolution to which he morally elevated by the presence of boys.frequently adheres with marvellous pertinaci- Boys brought up with girls are made more posty. But this evil is confined to no grade ofitively intellectual by the softening influence schools. It exists, if I mistake not, in our of the female character."

Simplicity in English Dress.

The Cause of the Gulf Stream.

In families of many of the nobility and The deep sea soundings of Lieut. Berryman guntry of England, possessing an annual in- have done much to confirm a previous theory come which of itself would be an ample for- as to the cause, or one of the causes, of the tune, there is a greater economy of dress, and Gulf Stream. It is ascertained that, at a more simplicity in the furnishing of the dwel-depth of two thousand feet, in the straits of ling, than there is in many of the houses of Florida, the temperature of the ocean is only our citizens, who are barely able to supply three degrees above freezing, while in the deep the daily wants of their families, by the clos- soundings on the telegraph route it is found est attention to their business. A friend of the temperature is ten to fifteen deegrees beours, who sojourned, not long since, several low the freezing point. Hence, according to months in the vicinity of some of the wealthy well-known laws, the comparatively warm and landed aristocracy of England, whose ample light waters of the gulf, made lighter by the rent-rolls would have warranted a high style masses of fresh water from the Mississippi and of fashion, was surprised at the simplicity of other rivers, rise and flow off towards the cold. manners practiced. Servants are much more er regions of the north. At the same time, the numerous than with us, but the ladies made denser waters of the northern Atlantic make more account of one silk dress than would be their way southward to restore the equilibri. thought here of a dozen.

um. Thus there are two currents, an upper They were generally clothed in good, sub- and an under, flowing in contrary direction. stantial stuffs, and a display of fine clothing The upper is apparent and well known as the and jewelry was reserved for great occasions. Gulf Stream ; the under is frequently demon. The furniture of the mansions, instead of be- strated by the fact of immense icebergs, reaching turned out of doors every few years for ing down thousands of feet below the surface of new and more fashionable styles, was the the ocean, being seen floating southward same which the ancestors of the families for against the surface current. several generations had possessed; substantial and in excellent preservation, but plain and! FIRE IN A SCHOOL IIouse.-On Friday morn. \/22/22ūtiņti2ti22ti2mēģū2ūtim/2\/2/2/2 /2/2/2/2/2ģū–2–2§Â2 2 /2/2/2/2/?§Â2Ò2§§§ti the carpets on many suites of parlors had the public school houses in Harlem, N. Y., been on the floors for fifty years, and were and dense volumes of smoke poured into one expected to do service for another half centu- of the large rooms, when Mr. Jacob Warner, ry. With us how different is the state of one of the teachers, said to the scholars : things. We are wasting an amount of weathNow, boys, recollect my previous instrucin this country on show and fashion, which, tions, leave the building in order, and all rightly applied, would renovate the condition will be saved.” At the usual signal the chilof the whole population of the world, and dren,500 in number, rose from their seats, and Christianize and educate all mankind.Ex- without any undue excitement, left the burnchange.

ing building. The firemen soon arrived and

extinguished the flames before the building was Those who apply themselves too much to much damaged. little things commonly become incapable of great ones.

Keer your school-room clean.

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