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to postpone indefinitely,
to postpone to a day certain,
to commit, or

to amend; which several motions shall have precedence in the order they stand arranged; and the motion for adjournment shall always be in order, and be decided without debate.—16 April, 1789; 3 January, 1820; 14 February 1828.

12. If the question in debate contained several points, any member

may have the same divided; but, on a motion to strike out and insert, it shall not be in order to move for a division of the question; but the rejection of a motion to strike out and insert one proposition shall not prevent a motion to strike out and insert a different proposition; nor prevent a subsequent motion simply to strike out; nor shall the rejection of a motion simply to strike out prevent a subsequent motion to strike out and insert.—16 April, 1789; 23 June, 1832.

13. In filling up blanks, the largest sum and longest time shall be first put.—16 April, 1789; 3 January, 1820; 14 Feb

ruary, 1828.

14. When the reading of a paper is called for, and the same is objected to by any member, it shall be determined by a vote of the Senate, and without debate.—3 January 1820; 14 Feb

ruary, 1828.

15. The unfinished business in which the Senate was engaged at the last preceding adjournment, shall have the preference in the special orders of the day.—3 January, 1820; 14 February, 1828.

16. When the yeas and nays shall be called for by one-fifth of the members present, each member called upon shall, unless for special reason he be excused by the Senate, declare openly, and without debate, his assent or dissent to the question. In taking the


the call of the House, the names of the members shall be taken alphabetically.16 April,

17. When the yeas and nays shall be taken upon any question, in pursuance of the above rule, no member shall be permitted, under any circumstances whatever, to vote after the decision is announced from the Chair.—4 April, 1822; 14 Feb

ruary, 1828.

18. On a motion made and seconded to shut the doors of the Senate, on the discussion of any business which may, in the opinion of a member, require secrecy, the President shall direct the gallery to be cleared ; and during the discussion of such motion, the doors shall remain shut.—20 February 1794.

19. No motion shall be deemed in order to admit any person or persons whatsoever within the doors of the Senate chamber, to present any petition, memorial, address, or to hear any such read.—27 April, 1798.

20. When a question has been once made and carried in the affirmative or negative, it shall be in order for any member of the majority to move for the reconsideration thereof; but no motion for the reconsideration of any vote shall be in order after a bill, resolution, message, report, amendment, or motion upon which the vote was taken, shall have gone out of the possession of the Senate, announcing their decision ; nor shall any motion for reconsideration be in order unless made on the same day on which the vote was taken, or within the two next days of actual session of the Senate thereafter; but a motion to reconsider a vote upon a nomination shall always, if the resolution announcing the decision of the Senate has been sent to the President, be accompanied by a motion requesting the President to return the same to the Senate.—25 February, 1790; 26 March, 1860; 6 April, 1867.

21. When the Senate are equally divided, the Secretary shall take the decision of the President.–18 July 1789.

22. All questions shall be put by the President of the Senate, either in the presence or absence of the President of the United States; and the senators shall signify their assent or dissent, by answering aye or no.-21 August, 1789. 23. The Vice-President, or President of the Senate


tempore, shall have the right to name a member to perform the

duties of the Chair; but such substitution shall not extend beyond an adjournment.—3 January 1820.

24. After the journal is read, the President shall first call for petitions, and then for reports from standing committees; and every petition, or memorial, or other paper, shall be referred, of course, without putting a question for that purpose, unless the reference is objected to by a member at the time such petition, memorial, or other paper, is presented. And before any petition or memorial, addressed to the Senate, shall be received and read at the table, whether the same shall be introduced by the President or a member, a brief statement of the contents of the petition or memorial shall verbally be made by the introducer.—18 April, 1789; 10 April, 1834.

25. One day's notice, at least, shall be given of an intended motion for leave to bring in a bill; and all bills reported by a committee shall, after the first reading, be printed for the use of the Senate; but no other paper or document shall be printed for the use of the Senate without special order.--16 April, 1789; 3 January, 1820; 8 April, 1822; 14 February, 1828.

26. Every bill shall receive three readings previous to its being passed, and the President shall give notice at each, whether it be the first, second, or third; which reading shall be on three different days, unless the Senate unanimously direct otherwise. And all resolutions proposing amendments to the Constitution, or to which the approbation and signature of the President may be requisite, or which may grant money out of the contingent or any other fund, shall be treated, in all respects, in the introduction and form of proceedings on them, in the Senate, in a similar manner with bills; and all other resolutions shall lie on the table one day for consideration, and also reports of committees. A motion to suspend or to concur in a resolution of the House to suspend the 16th and 17th joint rules, or either of them, shall always be in order, be immediately considered, and be decided without debate.—16 April 1789; 26 March, 1806; 3 January, 1820; 24 February, 1828; 7 May, 1852.

1 This rule (26th) repealed so far as relating to amendments to the Constiit may affect bills or joint resolutions tution of the United States.- March of the Senate or House of Represen- 2, 1861. tatives proposing or providing for or

27. No bill shall be committed or amended until it shall have been twice read, after which it may be referred to a committee.16 April, 1789.

28. All bills on a second reading shall first be considered by the Senate in the same manner as if the Senate were in Committee of the Whole, before they shall be taken up and proceeded on by the Senate agreeably to the standing rules, unless otherwise ordered. And when the Senate shall consider a treaty, bill, or resolution, as in Committee of the Whole, the Vice-President, or President pro tempore, may call a member to fill the chair during the time the Senate shall remain in Committee of the Whole ; and the chairman, so called, shall, during such time, have the powers of a President pro tempore.—21 May, 1789; 26 March, 1806; 3 January, 1820.

29. The final question upon the second reading of every bill, resolution, constitutional amendment, or motion, originating in the Senate, and requiring three readings previous to being passed, shall be, “Whether it shall be engrossed and read a third time?” and no amendment shall be received for discussion at a third reading of any bill, resolution, amendment, or motion, unless by unanimous consent of the members present; but it shall at all times be in order, before the final passage


such bill, resolution, constitutional amendment, or motion, to move its commitment; and should such commitment take place, and any

amendment be reported by the committee, the said bill, resolution, constitutional amendment, or motion, shall be again read a second time, and considered as in Committee of the Whole, and then the aforesaid question shall be again put. Whenever a private bill is under consideration, it shall be in order to move, as a substitute for it, a resolution of the Senate referring the case to the Court of Claims.-4 February, 1807; 26 June, 1856.

30. No amendment proposing additional appropriations shall be received to any general appropriation bill, unless it be made to carry out the provisions of some existing law, or some act or resolution, previously passed by the Senate during that session, or moved by direction of a standing or select committee of the Senate, or in pursuance of an estimate from the head of some of the departments; and no amendment shall be received whose object is to provide for a private claim, unless it be to carry out the provisions of an existing law or a treaty stipulation. All amendments to general appropriation bills, reported from committees of the Senate, proposing new items of appropriation, shall, one day before they are offered, be referred to the Committee on Appropriations, and all general appropriation bills shall be referred to the said committee.–19 December, 1850 ; 7 May, 1852; 13 January, 1854; 3 May, 1854; 7 March, 1867.

31. When the hour shall have arrived for the consideration of a special order, it shall be the duty of the Chair to take up such special order, and the Senate shall proceed to consider it, unless it be postponed by vote of the Senate.—26 June, 1856.

When two or more subjects shall have been specially assigned for consideration, they shall take precedence according to the order of time at which they were severally assigned, and such order shall at no time be lost or changed except by the direction of the Senate.—26 June 1856.

When two or more subjects shall have been assigned for the same hour, the subject first assigned for that hour shall take precedence; but special orders shall always have precedence of general orders, unless such special orders shall be postponed by direction of the Senate.-26 June 1856.

Special orders shall not lose their position on account of intervening adjournments; nor shall they lose their relative position on the calendar, except by vote of the Senate, until finally disposed of: Provided, that no bill, joint resolution, or other subject, be made a special order for a particular day and hour without the concurrence of two-thirds of the senators present.13 January, 1862; 26 June, 1856.

32. The titles of bills, and such parts thereof only as shall be

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