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July, 1797.]

Proceedings.

[SENATE.

in which they desire the concurrence of the Se- purporting that he should attend in his seat, from nate.

time to time, to answer to any allegations that The bill was read, and, by unanimous consent, might be brought against him. it was read the second time.

Ordered, That the consideration of the report Ordered, That it be referred to Messrs. Hill- of the committee be postponed until 11 o'clock, HOCsE. Read, and Gunn, to consider and report to-morrow morning. thereon to the Senate.

On motion, by Mr. Blount, that he be heard The Vice PRESIDENT obtained leave of absence by counsel on the subject-matter of this report for the remainder of the session.

A motion was made to postpone the consideraThe Senate resumed the second reading of the tion of this motion until to-morrow, and it passed bill for confirming the titles to certain holders of in the negative. lands in the south western part of the United States; Resolved, That Mr. Blount be heard by counand, after debate, it was ordered that the further sel, not exceeding two, to-morrow morning, at 11 consideration thereof be postponed until to- o'clock. morrow.

Ordered, That the Secretary furnish Mr. A message from the House of Representatives Blount with attested copies of such papers as he informed the Senate that they have passed a bill, may point out, respecting the subject this day reentitled An act laying an additional duty on ported on by the committee. salt imported into the United States, and for other Mr. Hillhouse, from the committee to whom purposes," in which they desire the concurrence was referred the bill, sent from the House of Reof the Senate.

presentatives, entitled " An act authorizing a loan The bill was read, and, by unanimous consent, of money,” reported that the bill pass without it was read the second time.

amendment; and the bill was read the third time, Ordered, That it be referred to Messrs. Good- and passed. HUE, BRADFORD, and Brown, to consider and report thereon to the Senate.

FRIDAY, July 7.

A message from the House of Representatives THURSDAY, July 6.

informed the Senate that the House have passed The Vice President being absent, the Senate a resolution, that the President of the Senate, and proceeded to the choice of a President pro tem- the Speaker of the House of Representatives, be pore, as the Constitution provides, and the Hon. authorized to close the present session, by adWilliam BRADFORD was duly elected.

journing their respective Houses on Monday, the Mr. GOODAUE, from the committee to whom 10th day of this month; in which they desire the was referred the bill, sent from the House of Re- concurrence of the Senate. presentatives, entitled "An act laying an addi- The House of Representatives have passed a tional duty on salt imported into the United States, bill entitled " An act for the relief of Thomas and for other purposes," reported that the bill pass. Lewis,” in which they desire the concurrence of

The bill was read the third time and passed. the Senate.

The bill, sent from the House of Representa- Resolved, that the instructions to the comtives for concurrence, entitled “ An act making mittee to whom was referred that part of the additional appropriations for the support of Gov- President's Message, of the 3d instant, which reernment, for the year one thousand seven hundred lates to a letter, purporting to have been written and pinety-seven," was read the third time. by William Blount, Esq., together with the pa

On motion, to strike out the sum of sixty thou- pers accompanying the same, be amended, by sand five hundred dollars, appropriated for the adding, after the word " records,” the following expense of foreign intercourse, for the purpose of words: “and particularly the papers of William inserting fifty-one thousand five hundred dollars, Blount, Esquire." it was determined in the negative-yeas 10, nays Agreeably to the order of the day, the Senate 17, as follows:

proceeded to the consideration of the report of Yeas-Messrs. Bloodworth, Blount, Brown, Cocke, the above-mentioned committee, made yesterday. Foster, Henry, Hunter, Martin, Tazewell, and Tattnall. On motion, that such printers as may request

Nays—Messrs. Bradford, Goodhue, Gunn, Hillhouse, it, be accommodated with stands on the floor of Howard, Latimer, Laurance, Livermore, Marshall

, the Senate, to enable them to take notes of their Paine, Read, Ross, Rutherfurd, Sedgwick, Tichenor, proceedings on the present occasion, it passed in Tracy, and Vining.

ihe negative. Resolved, That this bill pass with an amend- Mr. BLOUNT notified the Senate that Jared Inment.

gersol and Alexander J. Dallas are the counsel Mr. Ross, from the committee to whom was he has employed, agreeably to the vote of the referred that part of the President's Message of Senate passed yesterday. the 3d instant, which relates to a letter, purport- The President requested of Mr. Blount to ing to have been written by William Blount, declare, whether, or not, he was the author of a Esquire, together with the papers accompanying letter, a copy of which was communicated with the same, made a farther report; which was read. the Message of the President of the United States, Upon which,

of the 3d instant. Mr. BLOUNT read in his place a declaration, Mr. BLOUNT declined to answer.

Senate.)
Proceedings.

[July, 1797. On motion, in consequence of the request of the order for his appearance, to answer to the said impeachcounsel above-mentioned, that they have until ment: Monday next to prepare themselves to show cause “ Resolved, That the said W’illiam Blount be taken why the report of the committee should not be into custody of the Messenger of this House, until he adopted: Aster debate, it was agreed that the shall enter into recognizance, himself in the sum of question before the Senate be postponed, for the twenty thousand dollars, with two sufficient sureties in purpose of receiving a special message from the the sum of fifteen thousand dollars each, to appear and House of Representatives.

answer such articles of impeachment as may be exhib

ited against him." A message was received from the House of Representatives, by Mr. SITGREAVES, one of their Whereupon Mr. BLOUNT named his sureties, members, in the words following:

and they were satisfactory to the Senate. “ Mr. President: I am commanded, in the name of

The PRESIDENT then named Mr. Blountand his the House of Representatives, and of all the people of sureties, who arose while the recognizance was the United States, to impeach William Blount, a Sen-read, and being approved by the Senate, it was exeator of the United States, of high crimes and misde- cuted in their presence, in the form as follows: meanors; and to acquaint the Senate that the House “ Be it remembered, That, on the seventh day of July, of Representatives will, in due time, exhibit particular in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred articles against him, and make good the same. and ninety-seven, personally appeared before the Presi

“I am further commanded to demand that the said dent pro tempore, and Senate of the United States, William Blount be sequestered from his seat in the William Blount, Esq., Senator of the State of TenSenate ; and that the Senate do take order for his ap- nessee, Thomas Blount, Esq., member of the House of pearance to answer the said impeachment.”

Representatives of the United States, from the State of A motion was made as follows:

North Carolina, and Pierce Butler, Esq., of South Ca“Pursuant to a message from the House of Repre- the United States of America the following sums, that

rolina, who severally acknowledged themselves to owe to sentatives of the United States, by Samuel Sitgreaves, is to say: The said William Blount, the sum of twenty Esquire, a member of that House, that they, in their thousand dollars, and the said Thomas Blount and own name, and in the name of all the people of the Pierce Butler, each, the sum of fifteen thousand dollars, United States, have impeached William Blount, a member of the Senate, of high crimes and misdemea- and tenements, on the condition following, that is to

to be levied on their respective goods and chattels, lands, nors, and that in due time they will exhibit articles against him, and make good the same; and they have

say: ing demanded that the said William Blount be seques- that if the said William Blount shall appear before the

The condition of the foregoing recognizance is such, tered from his seat in this House; and that the Senate Senate of the United States, to answer to certain do take order for his appearance to answer to the said charges of impeachment to be exhibited against him by impeachment:

Resolved, that the said William Blount be, and the House of Representatives of the United States, and he hereby is, sequestered from his seat in the Senate, recognizance shall cease to exist, otherwise be and re

not depart therefrom without leave, that then the above and that he be taken into custody of the Messenger of main in full force and virtue. this House, until he shall enter into recognizance, himself in the sum of

“Sealed and delivered in Senate of the United States, dollars, with two sufficient sureties in the sum of

dollars each, to appear and ninety-seven.

this seventh day of July, one thousand seven hundred and answer such articles of impeachment as may be

“ WILLIAM BLOUNT, [L. s.] exhibited against him.”

“ THOMAS BLOUNT, (l. s.] On motion, it was agreed to fill the first blank

“ PIERCE BUTLER. (l. s.] with twenty thousand, and the other blank with fifteen thousand.

“ Attest: SAMUEL A. Otis, Secretary of the Senate of

the United States." A motion was then made to postpone the consideration of this motion until to-morrow, and it

SATURDAY, July 8. passed in the negative. On motion, it was agreed 10 divide the motion,

A message from the House of Representatives and that the question be taken on the words, " be, informed the Senate that the House agree to the and he hereby is, sequestered from his seat in the amendment of the Senate to the bill entitled " An Senate, and that he."

act making additional appropriations for the supOn motion, it was agreed to postpone the con- port of Government for the year one thousand sideration of this division of the question until seven hundred and ninety-seven," with an amendto-morrow.

ment; in which they desire the concurrence of And the resolution was adopted, as follows:

the Senate. " Pursuant to a message from the House of Repre- ment of the House of Representatives to their

The Senate proceeded to consider the amendsentatives of the United States by Samuel Sitgreaves, Esq., a member of that House, that they, in their amendment to the bill last mentioned ; and conown name, and in the name of all the people of the

curred therein. United States, have impeached William Blount, a mem

Ordered, That the Secretary of the Senate ber of the Senate, of high crimes and misdemeanors; notisy the House of Representatives that, in conand that, in due time, they will exhibit articles against sequence of their message of yesterday, by the him, and make good the same; and they having de Honorable Mr. Sirgreaves, one of their memmanded that the said William Blount be sequestered bers, they have caused William BLOUNT to recogfrom his seat in this House, and that the Senate take nize, in the sum of iwenty thousand dollars prinJuly, 1797.]

Proceedings.

[SENATE

cipal, with two sureties in the sum of fifteen about, was the business Captain Chesholm mentioned thousand dollars each, to appear and answer to

to the British Minister last winter at Philadelphia. the impeachment mentioned in their message.

* I believe, but am not quite sure, that the plan then The bill, sent from the House of Representatives talked of will be attempted this fall; and if it is atfor concurrence, entitled " An act for the relief of tempted, it will be in a much larger way than then Thomas Lewis,” was read the first time, and or

talked of; and if the Indians act their part, I have no dered to the second reading,

doubt but it will succeed. A man of consequence has Mr. Hunter laid before the Senate the petition gone to England about the business, and if he makes of Pbæbe Harwood, praying support in her ad- in the business, and probably shall be at the head of the

arrangements as he expects, I shall myself have a hand vanced age and widowhood; her husband having business on the part of the British. You are, however, deceased in imprisonment during the late war; to understand, that it is not yet quite certain that the plan and the petition was read.

will be attempted; yet, you will do well to keep things Ordered, That it lie on the table.

in a proper train of action, in case it should be attemptThe Senate resumed the consideration of the ed, and to do so, will require all your management-I report of the committee to whom was referred say require all your management, because you must that part of the President's Message which relates take care, in whatever you say to Rogers, or any body to a letter purporting to have been written by else, not to let the plan be discovered by Hawkins, William Blount, Esq., together with the papers Dinsmore, Byers, or any other person in the interest of accompanying the same.

the United States or Spain. On motion, Mr. Justice Smith was desired to

• If I attempt this plan, I shall expect to have you, attend and administer the oath to such witnesses and all my Indian country and Indian friends, with me; as might be adduced.

but you are now in good business I hope, and you are On motion, Mr. Martin and Mr. Cocke, of the not to risk the loss of it by saying anything that will Senate, being sworn, severally testified, on inspec- hurt you, until you again hear from me. Where Caption of the letter said to be written by Mr. Blount, tain Chesholm is I do not know; I left himn in Philathat it was his handwriting, they being acquaint- delphia in March, and he frequently visited the Minised therewith, and having seen him write. ter and spoke upon the subject; but I believe he will The PRESIDENT then said:

go into the Creek nation by way of South Carolina or

Georgia. He gave out he was going to England, but “ William Blount, Esq., you have now an opportunity, I did not believe him. Among other things that you agreeably to the vote of Senate, in pursuance of your may safely do, will be to keep up my consequence with own request, by your counsel, to show cause, why the Watts, and the Creeks and Cherokees generally, and report of the committee should not be adopted."

you must by no means say anything in favor of HawMr. Blount was heard by his counsel, Mr. In- kins, but, as often as you can, with safety to yourself, gersol and Mr. Dallas; and, after debate,

you may teach the Creeks to believe he is no better A motion was made to postpone the considera- than he should be. Any power or consequence he gets, tion of the report of ihe committee to the next

will be against our plan. Perhaps Rogers, who has session of Congress; and it was decided in the

no office to lose, is the best man to give out talks

ainst Hawkins. Read the letter to Rogers, and if negative--yeas 7, nays 19, as follows:

you think it best to send it to him, put a wafer in it, YEAS—Messrs. Bloodworth, Brown, Cocke, Gunn, and forward it to him by a safe hand, or perhaps you Martin, Tazewell, and Tattnall.

had best send for him to come to you, and speak to him Nars-Messrs. Bingham, Bradford, Foster, Good- yourself respecting the state and prospect of things. hue, Henry, Hillhouse, Howard, Hunter, Latimer,

*I have advised you, in whatever you do, to take care Laurance, Livermore, Marshall

, Read, Ross, Ruther- of yourself. I have now to tell you to take care of me furd, Sedgwick, Tichenor, Tracy, and Vining.

too ; for a discovery of the plan would prevent the sucOn the question to agree to the report of the cess and much injure all the parties concerned. committee, as follows:

It may be that the Commissioners may not run the “ The committee to whom was referred that part of line as the Indians expect or wish, and, in that case, it the President's Message which relates to a letter pur- is probable the Indians may be taught to blame me for porting to have been written by William Blount, Esq., making the treaty. To such complaints against me, if one of the Senators from the State of Tennessee, to such there are, it may be said by my friends, at proper gether with the papers accompanying the same, having times and places, that Doublehead confirmed the treaty had the same under their consideration, beg leave to with the President, at Philadelphia, and receives as make a further report:

much as 5,000 dollars a year, to be paid to the nation, " That Mr. Blount having declined an acknowledg- over and above the first price : indeed, it may with ment or denial of the letter imputed to him, and having truth be said, that, though I made the treaty, that I failed to appear, to give any satisfactory explanation made it by the instructions of the President, and, in respecting it, your committee sent for the original letter, fact, it may with truth be said, that I was, by the Preswhich accompanies this report, and it is in the follow- ident, instructed to purchase much more land than the ing words:

Indians would agree to sell. This sort of talk will be

throwing all the blame ofl'me upon the late President,and Colonel King's Iron Works, April 21, 1797. as he is now out of otlice, it will be of no consequence • DEAR Caner: I wished to have seen you before I how much the Indians blame him. Among other returned to Philadelphia ; but I am obliged to return to things that may be said for me is, that I was not at the the session of Congress, which commences on the 15th running of the line, and that if I had been, it would of May.

have been run more to their satisfaction. In short, you • Among other things that I wished to have seen you understand the subject, and must take care to give out

6

SENATE.]

Proceedings.

(JULY, 1797.

am,

was

the proper talks, to keep up my consequence with the high misdemeanor, entirely inconsistent with his public Creeks and Cherokees. Can't Rogers contrive to get trust and duty as a Senator, be, and he hereby is, exthe Creeks to desire the President to take Hawkins out pelled from the Senate of the United States.” of the nation? for, if he stays in the Creek nation and

The report was adopted-yeas 25, nay 1; as gets the good will of the nation, he can and will do

follows: great injury to our plan. When you have read this letter over three times, then burn it. I shall be at

YEAS— Messrs. Bingham, Bloodworth, Bradford, Knoxville in July or August, when I will send for Brown, Cocke, Foster, Goodhue, Gunn, Henry, Hill

house, Howard, Hunter, Latimer, Laurance, LiverWatts, and give him the whiskey I promised him. I &c., WILLIAM BLOUNT.'

more, Martin, Marshall, Read, Ross, Rutherfurd, Sedg

wick, Tattnall, Tichenor, Tracy, and Vining. “ Two Senators, now present in the Senate, have Mr. Tazewell voted in the negative. declared to the committee that they are well acquainted

So it was Resolved, That William Blount, Esq., with the handwriting of Mr. Blount, and have no doubt

one of the Senators of the United States, having that this letter was written by him. Your committee have examined many letters from Mr. Blount to the been guilty of a high misdemeanor, entirely inconSecretary of War, a number of which are herewith sub- sistent with his public trust and duty as a Senator, mitted, as well as the letter addressed by Mr. Blount to be, and he hereby is, expelled from the Senate of Mr. Cook, his colleague in the Senate, and to this com- the United States. mittee, respecting the business now under considera- On this, Mr. BUTLER, in behalf of himself and tion ; and find them all to be of the same handwriting Mr. Thomas Blount, the other surety, surrenwith the letter in question. Mr. Blount has never de- dered the person of William Blount, the princinied this letter, but, on the other hand, when the copy pal, to the Senate, and requested to be discharged transmitted to the Senate was read in his presence, on from their recognizance. Whereupon, it was the 3d instant, he acknowledged in his place that he had Ordered, That they be discharged from their written a letter to Carey, of which he had preserved a recognizance, and that the Secretary enter an encopy, but could not then decide whether the copy read dorsement on the back of the bond as follows: was a true one. Your committee are therefore fully

“ And now, to wit, on this eighth day of July, 1797, persuaded that the original letter now prodi

the Honorable Thomas Blount and Pierce Bulter, written and sent to Carey by Mr. Blount. They also Esq's., came into the Senate and surrendered Wilfind that this man, Carey, to whom it was addressed, is

, liam Blount, Esq., for whom they became bound to the knowledge of Mr. Blount, in the pay and em

yesterday.” ployment of the United States, as their interpreter to the Cherokee nation of Indians, and an assistant in the

On motion, public factory at Tellico Blockhouse. That Hawkins,

Resolved. That William BLOUNT be taken into who is so often mentioned in this letter as a person who the custody of the Messenger of this House, until must be brought into suspicion among the Creeks, and he shall enter into recognizance, himself, in the if possible driven from his station, is the superintendent sum of one thousand dollars, with two sufficient of Indian affairs for the United States among the South- sureties, in the sum of five hundred dollars each ; ern Indians ; Dinsmore is agent for the United States to appear and answer such articles of impeachin the Cherokee nation; and Byers, one of the agents ment as may be exhibited against him by the in the public factory at Tellico Blockhouse.

House of Representatives, on Monday next. “ The plan hinted at in this extraordinary letter, to The Senate proceeded to consider the resolube executed under the auspices of the British, is so ca- tion of the House of Representatives of the 7th pable of different constructions and conjectures, that instant, proposing an adjournment of the two your committee at present forbear giving any decided Houses, on Monday the 10th instant; and conopinion respecting it; except that to Mr. Blount's own curred iherein. mind, it appeared to be inconsistent with the interests of the United States and of Spain, and he was therefore anxious to conceal it from both. But, when they consider his attempts to seduce Carey from his duty, as

MONDAY, July 10. a faithful interpreter, and to employ him as an engine The bill, sent from the House of Representato alienate the affections and confidence of the Indians, tives for concurrence, entitled "An act for the refrom the public officers of the United States residing lief of Thomas Lewis,” was read the second time, among them; the measures he has proposed to excite and on motion that the bill be now read the third a temper which must produce the recall or expulsion of time, it was objected to. So the bill was lost. our superintendent from the Creek nation; his insidious advice tending to the advancement of his own pop. tion of William Montgomery, and others, remon

Mr. Bingham laid before the Senate the petiularity and consequence, at the expense and hazard of the good opinion which the Indians entertain of this strating on the hardship of the “act laying duties Government, and of the treaties subsisting between us

on stamped vellum, parchment, and paper ;" and them, your comunittee have no doubt that Mr. which was read, and ordered to lie on the table. Blount's conduct has been inconsistent with his public

The Messenger of the Senate made the followduty, renders him unworthy of a further continuance ing return, on their order of the 8th instant: of his present public trust in this body, and amounts to Agreeably to the order of the Senate, the a high misdemeanor. They, therefore, unanimously within mentioned William Blount having enrecommend to the Senate an adoption of the following tered into recognizance, I have returned the same resolution :

into the office of the Secretary of the Senate.” Resolved, That William Blount, Esq., one of the Ordered, That the Secretary transmit to the Senators of the United States, having been guilty of a Executive of the State of Tennessee an attested

66

July, 1797.]

Proceedings.

[SENATE

copy of the proceedings of the Senate, on the re- such as the House of Representatives may apport of the committee, of the sixth instant, for point on their part, to wait on the President of the the expulsion of William BLOUNT.

United States, and notify him that, unless he may The Senate resumed the second reading of the have any further communications to make to the bill for confirming the titles to certain holders of two Houses of Congress, they are ready to adlands in the southwestern part of the United journ. States; and, after debate,

A message from the House of Representatives Ordered, That the further consideration thereof informed the Senate that the House have appointbe postponed until the next session of Congress. ed a joint committee on their part to wait on the On motion, it was

President of the United States, and notify him Ordered, That the Secretary lay before the that, unless he may have any further communicaPresident of the United States an attested copy tions to make to the iwo Houses of Congress, of the proceedings of the Senate on his Message they are ready to adjourn. of the third instant, transmitting a letter, signed Mr. Tracy reported, from the joint committee, William Blount, directed to Mr. Carey. that they had waited on the President of the

Ordered, That it be entered on the Journal of United States, agreeably to order, who replied, the Senate, that William Blount failed making that he had no further communication to make to his appearance this day, agreeably to the recog- Congress, except a respectful and affectionate nizance entered into on the eighth instant.

farewell. Ordered, That Mr. Tracy and Mr. Read be a The President then adjourned the Senate joint committee, on the part of the Senate, with without day.

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