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tops, are on board the vessel ; the others are to be delivered in a few days. No pains or expense have been spared in her coustruction. Her engines are on the oscillating principle, and are 350 horse-power. She measures 1,050 tons burden, and will draw 14 feet water when loaded. Her screw or fan-works in a solid brass frame casting, weighing near two tons, and is so constructed as to be lifted from the water by steampower. The platforms and gun-carriages are now being constructed.

When completed and armed she will be a most formidable and dangerous craft; and, if not prevented from going to sea, will do much mischief to our commerce. The persons engaged in her construction say that no better vessel of her class was ever built.

I have, &c.,


No. 2.

Earl Russell to Mr. Adams.

FOREIGN OFFICE, June 25, 1862. SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 23d instant, calling attention to a steam-vessel which you state is now fitting out at Liverpool with the intention of carrying on hostilities against the Government of the United States; and I have to acquaint you that I have lost no time in referring the matter to the proper de. partment of Her Majesty's government.

I am, &c.,


No. 3.

First coinmunica tion Ottice to tresury.

Mr. Hammond to the secretary to the treasury.

FOREIGN OFFICE, June 25, 1862. SIR: I am directed by Earl Russell to transmit to you a copy of a

letter from the United States minister at this court calling from Foreign attention to a steamer reported to be fitted out at Liverpool

as a southern privateer, and inclosing a copy of a letter from the United States consul at that port, reporting the result of his investigations into the matter;l and I am to request that you will more the lords commissioners of Her Majesty's treasury to cause immediate inquiries to be made respecting this vessel and to take such steps in matter as may be right and proper.

I am, &c.,



#No. 4.
Mr. Hammond to the laro-officers of the Crown.

FOREIGN OFFICE, June 25, 1862. GENTLEMEN: I am directed by Earl Russell to transmit to you a letter

from the United States minister at this court, calling atten.

tion to a steamer reported to be fitting out at Liverpool as a southern privateer, and inclosing a copy of a letter from the United States consul at that port reporting the result of his investigations into

No. 1.

First reference to law-oflicere.


the matter; 1 and I am to request that you will take these papers into
your consideration and favor Lord Russell with any observations you
may bave to make upon this question.

I am, &c.,


No. 5.

The larc-officers of the Croucn to Earl Russell.

attorney and solici.

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TEMPLE, June 30, 1862. (Received July 2.) MY LORD: We are honored with your lordship's commands signified in Mr. Hammond's letter of the 25th June instant, stating First report og that he was directed by your lordship to transmit to us a tor general. letter from the United States minister at this court, calling attention to a steamer reported to be fitted out at Liverpool as a southern privateer, and inclosing a copy of a letter from the United States consul at that port, reporting the result of his investigations into the matter, and to request that we would take these papers into our consideration and favor your lordship with any observations we might have to make upon this question.

In obedience to your lordship's demands we have taken these papers into consideration, and have the honor to report:

That, if the representation made to Her Majesty's government by Mr. Adams is in accordance with the facts, the building and equipment of the steamer in question is a manifest violation of the foreign-enlistment act, and steps ought to be taken to put that act in force and to prevent the vessel from going to sea.

The report of the United States consul at Liverpool, inclosed by Mr. Adams, besides suggesting other grounds of reasonable suspicion, contains a direct assertion that the foreman of Messrs. Laird, the builders, has stated that this vessel is intended as a privateer for the service of the government of the Southern States; and, if the character of the vessel and of her equipment be such as the same report describes them to be, it seems evident that she must be intended for some warlike purpose.

Under these circumstances we think that proper steps ought to be taken, under the direction of Her Majesty's government, by the authori. ties of the customs at Liverpool, to ascertain the truth, and that, it sufficient evidence can be obtained to justify proceedings under the foreign-enlistment act, such proceedings should be taken as early as possible. In the mean time Mr. Adams ought, we think, to be informed that Her Majesty's government are proceeding to investigate the case; but that the course which they may eventually take must necessarily depend upon the nature and sufficiency of any evidence of a breach of the law, which they may be enabled to obtain ; and that it will be desirable that any evidence in the possession of the United States consul at Liverpool should be at once communicated to the officers of Her Majesty's customs at that port.

We have, &c.,


I No. 1.


*No. 7.

Earl Russell to Mr. Adams.

Report of customs commissionera to Mr. Adams with

FOREIGN OFFICE, July 4, 1862. SIR: With reference to my letter of the 25th ultimo I have the honor

to inclose a copy of a report from the commissioners of cus

sont toms respecting the vessel which you have been informed is superion that com being built at Liverpool for the government of the so-styled

Confederate States, and in accordance therewith I would ments in his letter. beg leave to suggest that you should instruct the United States consul at Liverpool to submit to the collector of customs at that port such evidence as he may possess tending to show that his suspicions as to the destination of the vessel in question are well-founded.

I am, &c.,


Dudley should furnish evidence in support of the tante

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Report of the commissioners of customs to the lords commissioners of the treasury,

July 1, 1862

[See inclosure in No. 6.]

No. 8.

Mr. Adams to Earl Russell.


London, July 7, 1862. (Received July 8.) MY LORD: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note of the 4th instant, covering a copy of the report from the commissioners of customs respecting a vessel presumed by me to be in course of preparation at Liverpool to carry on hostile operations against the United States.

In accordance with your lordship’s suggestion I shall at once instruct the consul of the United States to submit to the collector of customs at that port such evidence as he possesses to show that the suspicions he entertains of the character of that vessel are well founded.

I pray, &c.,


No. 9.

The collector, Liverpool, to the commissioners of customs.

CUSTOM-TIOUSE, Liverpool, July 10, 1962. HONORABLE SIRs: I have this morning received the inclosed com. Correspondence be munication from the American consul, Mr. Dudley, which en como I respectfully submit for the consideration of the board. I

annex the copy of my letter to the consul, acknowledging

ley and Collector Ed. wards

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his communication, and I beg a reference to the inclosed report of this day's date, from Mr. Morgan, the surveyor, showing the state which the vessel is now in. If she is for the confederate service, the builders and parties interested are not likely to commit themselves by any act which would subject them to the penal provisions of the foregn-enlistment act. (Signed)


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Surveyor's report.

SURVEYOR'S OFFICE, July 10, 1862. SIR: I beg to report that, agreeably with your directions, I have this day inspected the steamer lying at the building-yard of the Messrs. Laird of Birkenhead,

Report of Surveyor and find that she is in the same state, as regards her armament, as on Morgan, the date of my former report.

She has no guns or carriages on board, nor are her platforms fitted to nor are platforms tit? the deck.

Very respectfully,


Vessel has no gung or carriages on board,

(Inclosure 2 in No. 9.)

Collector Edwards.

The United States consul to the collector of customs, Liverpool.

LIVERPOOL, July 9, 1862. SIR: In accordance with a suggestion of Earl Russell in a communication to Mr. Adams, the American minister in London, I beg to lay before you the information and circumstances which have come to my knowledge statement furnished relative to the gun-boat now being fitted out by Messrs. Laird at Birk- bilo dobry to enhead, for the confederates of the Southern United States of America, and intended to be used as a privateer against the United States.

On my arrival, and taking charge of the consulate at Liverpool, in November last, my attention was called by the acting consul and by other persons to two gun-boats being or to be fitted out for the so-cailed confederate government; the Oreto, fitted ont by Mr. Miller and Messrs. Fawcett, Preston & Co., and the one now in question. Subsequent events fully proved the suspicion with regard to the Oreto to be well fouuded; she cleared from Liverpool in March last for Palermo and Jamaica, but sailed direct for Nassau, where she now is receiving her armament as a privateer, for the socalled confederate government; and my attention was called repeatedly to the gunboat building by Mr. Laird, by various persons, who stated that she also was for a confederate privateer, and was being built by the Messrs. Lairds for that express purpose.

In May last, two officers of the southern privateer, Sumter, named Caddy and Beaufort, passed through Liverpool on their way to Havana and Nassau, and while here stated that there was a gun-boat building by Mr. Laird, at Birkenhead, for the southern confederacy: and not long after that a foreman employed about the vessel in Mr. Laird's yard stated that she was the sister of the Oreto, and intended for the same service, and when pressed for an explanation, further stated that she was to be a privateer for the southern government in the United States.

When the vessel was first tried, Mr. Wellsman, one of the firm of Fraser, Trenholm & Co., (who are well known as agents for the confederate government,) Andrew and Thomas Byrne, and other persons, well known as having been for months actively engaged in sending munitions of war for said government, were present, and have accompanied her on her various trials, as they had accompanied the Oreto on her trialtrip, and on her departure.

In April last the southern screw-stea mer Annie Child, which bad run the blockade ont of Charleston, and the name of which was changed at this port to the Julia Usher, was laden with munitions of war, consisting of a large quantity of powder, ritled cannon, &c., by Messrs. Fraser, Trenholm & Co. for the southern confederacy, and left Liverpool to run the blockade under the command of a Captain Hammer, and having on board several of the crew of the privateer Sumter, to which I have before referred.

For some reason unknown this vessel came back and is now here. Since her return a youth named Robinson, who had gone in her as a passenger, has stated that the gunboat building at Laird's for the southern confederacy was a subject of frequent conversation among the officers while she (the Julia Usher) was ont. That she was all the time spoken of as a confederate vessel ; that Captain Bullock was to command her; that the money for her was advanced by Fraser, Trenholm & Co.; that she was not to make any attempt to run the blockade, but would go at once as a privateer; that she was to mount eleven guns; and that if the Julia Usher was not going, the six men from the Sumter, who were on board the Julia Usher, were to join the gun-boat. This

youth, being a native of New Orleans, was extremely anxious to get taken on [186] * board the gun-boat, and wished the persons he made the communication to to

assist him, and see Captain Bullock on his behalf. He bas, I understand, been removed to a school in London. With reference to his statement, I may observe, that Captain Hammer, referred to, is a South Carolinian, has been many years in Fraser, Treuholm & Co.'s employ, is greatly trusted by them, and is also intimate with Captain Bullock, so that he would be likely to be well informed on the subject; and as he had no notion at that time of returning to Liverpool, he would have no hesitation in speaking of the matter to his officers, and the persons from the Sumter. I may also state that Captain Bullock referred to is in Liverpool; that he is an officer of the confederate navy; that he was sent over here for the express purpose of fitting out privateers, and sending over munitions of war; that he transacts his business at the office of Fraser, Trenholm & Co.; that he has been all the time in communication with Fawcett, Preston & Co., who fitted out the Oreto, and with Lairds, who are fitting out this vessel; that he goes almost daily on board the gun-boat, and seems to be recognized as in authority.

A Mr. Blair, of Paradise street, in this town, who furnished the cabins of the Laird gun-boat, has also stated that all the fittings and furniture were selected by Captain Bullock, and were subject to his approval, although paid for by Mr. Laird.

The information on which I have formed an undoubting conviction that this vessel is being titted out for the so-called confederate government, and is intended to cruise against the commerce of the United States, has come to me from a variety of sources, and I have detailed it to you as far as practicable. I have given you the names of persons making the statements, but as the information in most cases is given to me by persons out of friendly feeling to the United States, and in strict confidence, I cannot state the names of my informants, but what I have stated is of such a character that little inquiry will confirm its truth.

Everything about the vessel shows her to be a war-vessel; she has well constructed magazines; she has a number of canisters of a peculiar and expensive construction for containing powder; she has platforms already screwed to her decks for the reception of swivel-guns. Indeed, the fact that she is a war-vessel is not denied by Messrs. Laird, but they say she is for the Spanish government. This they stated on the 3d of April last, when General Burgoyne visited their yard, and was shown over it, and the various vessels being built there by Messrs. John Laird, jr., and Henry H. Laird, as was fully reported in the papers at the time.

Seeing the statement, and having been already informed from so many respectable sources, that she was for the so-called confederate government, I at once wroto to the minister in London, to ascertain from the Spanish embassy whether the statement was true. The reply was a positive assurance that she was not for the Spanish gorernment. I am therefore authorized in saying that what was stated on that occasion, as well as statements since maile that she is for the Spanish government, is untrue.

I am satisfied beyond a doubt that she is for a Confederate war-vessel.

If you desire any personal explanation or information, I shall be happy to attend you whenever you may request it.

I am, &c.,


(Inclosure 3 in No. 9.]

Consul Dudley in

The collector of customs, Liverpool, to the United States consul.

LIVERPOOL, July 10, 1862. Sir: I beg to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of yesterday's date,

(received this morning,) and to acquaint you that I shall immediately formed by Collector submit the same for the consideration and direction of the board of Edwards that he con customs, under whom I have the honor to serve.

I may observe, howcould not be acted ever, that I am respectfully of opinion the statement made by you is not upon unles lilly such as could be acted upon by the officers of this revenue, unless legally

by eri

substantiated by evidence.
I have, &c.,



de ce.

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