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Sec. 1049. Judges. The court of claims, established by the act of February twenty-four, eighteen hundred and fifty. five, shall be continued. It shall consist of a chief justice and four judges, who shall be appointed by the president, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, and hold their offices during good behavior. Each of them shall take an oath to support the Constitution of the United States, and to discharge faithfully the duties of his office, and shall be enti. tled to receive an annual salary of four thouand five hundred dollars, payable quarterly from the treasury.
24 Feb., 1855, c. 122, s. 1, v. 10, p. 612; 3 Mar., 1863, c. 92, s. 1, v. 12, p. 765; 8 May, 1872, c. 140, s. 13, v. 17, p. 85.
Sec. 1050. Seal.-The court of claims shall have a seal, with such device as it may order.
3 Mar., 1863, c. 92, s. 4, v. 12, p. 766.
Sec. 1051. Court-rooms, etc., how provided.-It shall be the duty of the speaker of the house of representatives to
appropriate such rooms in the capitol, at-Washington, for the use of the court of claims, as may be necessary for their accommodation, unless it appears to him that such rooms cannot be so appropriated without interfering with the business of congress. In that case, the court shall procure, at the city of Washington, such rooms as may be necessary for the transaction of their business. 24 Feb., 1855, c. 122, s. 10, v. 10, p. 614.
SEC. 1052. Sessions, quorum.-The court of claims shall hold one annual session, at the city of Washington, beginning on the first Monday in December, and continuing as long as may be necessary for the prompt disposition of the business of the court. And any two of the judges of said court shall constitute a quorum, and may hold a court for the transaction of business.
24 Feb., 1855, c. 122, s. 10, v. 10, p. 614; 6 Aug., 1856, c. 81, s. 1, v. 11, p. 30; 3 Mar., 1863, c. 92, s. 13, v. 12, p. 768; 17 Mar., 1866, c. 19, s. 2, v. 14, p. 9; 23 June, 1874, c. 468, v. 18, p. 252.
Sec. 1053. Officers of the court.—The said court shall appoint a chief clerk, an assistant clerk, if deemed necessary, a bailiff, and a messenger. The clerks shall take an oath for the faithful discharge of their duties, and shall be under the direction of the court in the performance thereof; and for misconduct or incapacity they may be removed by it from office; but the court shall report such removals, with the cause thereof, to congress, if in session, or, if not, at the next session. The bailiff shall hold his office for a term of four years, unless sooner removed by the court for cause.
24 Feb., 1855, c. 122, s. 11, v. 10, p. 614; 3 Mar., 1863, c. 92, s. 4, v. 12, p. 765.
SEC. 1054. Salaries of clerks, bailiff, and messenger. -The salary of the chief clerk shall be three thousand dollars a year, of the assistant clerk two thousand dollars a year, of the bailiff fifteen hundred dollars a year, and of the messenger eight hundred and forty dollars a year, payable qnarterly from the treasury.
24 Feb., 1855, c. 122, s. 11, v. 10, p. 6'4; 3 Mar., 1863, c. 92, s. 4, v. 12, p. 765; 7 June, 1870, c. 124, v. 16, p. 148; 12 July, 1870, c. 251, s. 3, v. 16, p. 250; 8 May, 1872, c. 140, s. 1, v. 17, p. 82.
Sec. 1055. Clerk's bond.-The chief clerk shall give bond to the United States in such amount, in such form, and with such secnrity as shall be approved by the secretary of the treasury. 6 Aug., 1856, c., 81, s. 3, v. 11, p. 30.
Sec. 1056. Contingent fund.—The said clerk shall have anthority, when he has given bond as provided in the preceding section, to disburse, under the direction of the court, the contingent fund which may from time to time be appropriated for its use; and his accounts shall be settled by the proper accounting officers of the treasury in the same way as the accounts of other disbursing agents of the government are settled. 6 Aug., 1856, c. 81, s. 3, v. 11, p. 30.
Sec. 1057. Reports to congress, copies for departments, etc.-On the first day of every December session of congress, the clerk of the court of claims shall transmit to congress a full and complete statement of all the judgments rendered by the court during the previous year, stating the amounts thereof and the parties in whose favor they were rendered, together with a brief synopsis of the nature of the claims upon which they were rendered. And at the end of every term of the court he shall transmit a copy of its decisions to the heads of departinents; to the solicitor, the comptrollers, and the auditors of the treasury; to the commissioners of the gen. eral land office and of Indian affairs; to the chiefs of bureaus, and to other officers charged with the adjustment of claims against the United States. 17 Mar., 1866, c. 19, s. 3, v. 14, p. 9; 25 June, 1868, c. 71, 8. 9, v. 15, p. 77.
Sec. 1058. Members of congress not to practice in the court.-Members of either house of congress shall not practice in the court of claims.
3 Mar., 1863, c. 92, s. 4, v. 12, p. 765. .
THE COURT OF CLAIMS.
· JURISDICTION, POWERS, AND PROCEDUR
I Sec. 1059. Jurisdiction.
1075. Commissioner to take testi1060. Private claims in congress,
mony. when transmitted to court 1076. Power to call upon departments of claims.
for information. 1061. Judgment for set-off or coun 1077. When testimony not to be ter-claim, how enforced.
taken. 1062. Decree on account of paymas- 1078. Witnesses not excluded on acters, etc.
count of color. 1063. Claims referred by depart- | 1079. Parties and persons interested ments.
excluded as witnesses. 1064. Procedure in cases transmitted | 1080. Examination of claimant. by departments.
1081. Testimony taken where depo1065. Judgments in cases transmit
nent resides. ted by departments, how 1082. Witnesses, how compelled to paid.
attend before commissioners. 1066. Claims growing out of treaties 1083, Cross-examination.
not cognizable therein. 1084. Witnesses, how sworn. 1067. Claims pending in other courts 1085. Fees of commissioner, by whom
not to be prosecuted in court
1086. Claims forfeited for fraud. 1068. Aliens.
1087. New trial on motion of claim1069. Limitation.
ant. 1070. Rules of practice; contempts. 1088. New trial on motion of United 1071. Oaths and acknowledgments.
States. 1072. Petition.
1089. Payment of judgments. 1073. Petition dismissed if issue 1090. Interest.
found against claimant as to 1091. Interest on claims.
1092. Payment of judgment a full 1074. Burden of proof and evidence
discharge, etc. as to loyalty.
| 1093. Final judgments a bar.
SEC. 1059. Jurisdiction.—The court of claims shall have jurisdiction to hear and deterinine the following matters :
First. All claims founded on statutes or contracts, or referred by congress.-All claims founded upon any law of
congress, or upon any regulation of an executive department, or upon any contract, expressed or implied, with the government of the United States, and all claims which may be referred to it by either house of congress.
24. Feb., 1855, c. 122, s. 1, v. 10, p. 612; 22 June, 1874, c. 393, s. 2, v. 18, p. 192; 3 Mar., 175, c. 149, v. 18, p. 481.
Second. Set-offs and counter-claims of United States.All set-offs, counter-claims, claims for damages, whether liquidated or unliquidated, or other demands whatsoever, on the part of the government of the United States, against any person making claim against the govern ment in said court. 3 Mar., 1863, c. 92, s. 3, v. 12, p. 765.
Third. Disbursing officers.—The claim of any paymaster, quartermaster, commissary of subsistence, or other disbursing officer of the United States, or of his administrators or executors, for relief from responsibility on account of cap. ture or otherwise, while in the line of his duty, of government funds, vouchers, records, or papers in his charge, and for which such officer was and is held responsible. 9 May, 1866, c. 65, s. 3, v. 12, p. 765.
Fourth. Claims for captured and abandoned property.-Of all claims for the proceeds of captured or abandoned property, as provided by the act of March 12, eighteen hundred and sixty-three, chapter one hundred and twenty, entitled "an act to provide for the collection of abandoned property and for the prevention of frauds in insurrectionary districts within the United States," or by the act of July two, eighteen hundred and sixty-four, chapter two hundred and twenty-five, being an act in addition thereto: Provided, That the remedy given in cases of seizure under the said acts, by preferring claim in the court of claims, shall be exclusive, precluding the owner of any property taken by agents of the treasury department as abandoned or captured property in virtue or under color of said acts from suit at common law, or any other mode of redress whatever, before any court other than said court of