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same thing: this was the house Roby had built a man's sharp tread on the walk. She ran for his bride, to which he had brought her home down and went to the door ; but when she when they were married. Rand had never opened it she drew back, startled. It was not crossed the threshold before. After a pause, her father. Roby spoke, without being able to hide the Jonas Rand stood there, his face fushed, pang it gave him :

and breathing hard. He had a large envelope “It's a pretty good house. I suppose this is in his hand, which he held out to her; he the last Sunday we shall be here. I understand tried to speak, but only muttered some husky the trustees are going to sell.”

and incoherent phrases; he pressed the en“Yes," Rand answered, without looking at velope into her hand and closed her uncertain him. “Yes; Colonel Joyce has made us an offer, fingers upon it with a grasp that shook and and I expect he 'll get it.”

hurt them. Then he turned and hurried away, Lucia put her hands to her face suddenly, out of the gate and down the street. and sat down and sobbed sharply once or twice. Roby found beginning the world over again Rand turned towards her and dropped his head; a cold and sorry business, and came home he came near awkwardly and stood staring down downcast and discouraged. Lucia did not at her, helpless, and dark in the face. In a mo- meet him at the door, as he had hoped; and ment Lucia got up and went out of the room. when he went in he found her sitting by the

Rand fell heavily into a chair and sat bent lamp with an unfolded paper in her lap and a forward, gloomy and stern, with his hands helpless look in her face. She took up the paper hanging over his knees. After a silence Roby and reached it out to him. spoke in a low voice:

“I don't quite understand," she said trem“It brings things back to us sharply. In her ulously. memory the house is closely associated with her Her father took it and looked it over. mother; and she's tender-hearted, like her." “Where did you get this ? ” he asked.

“She 's the perfect image of her,” Rand She told him, and he sat down and read the broke out harshly.

paper through. What he made out of it was Nothing more was said till they were called that Rand had bought the place and made it out to dinner. Rand took no notice, and Robyover to Lucia in due form. They found out stood waiting, then spoke to him again. Rand afterward that he had mortgaged his own house got up and followed him unsteadily as far as to raise the money. the door. There he stopped, took hold of both Roby sat still a little while, then turned doorposts and stood with his head down a slowly towards Lucia and began to tell her : minute, then burst out:

“We won't have to leave: Jonas Rand — " “ No, I can't!”

But he stopped there, and turned his face He turned and blundered out of the house, away with a catch in his throat. His head stumbling over a chair and trying a wrong bowed forward, and Lucia came

to him door on the way, and went staving down the quickly and clung about his neck. The worldstreet as if afraid to look behind him.

worn man and the innocent girl wept toIt was a sad Sunday for them, and that gether tears in which regret and rejoicing were night Roby told Lucia he should go to the city keenly mingled. in the morning and consult with friends about That was some years ago. Strangers in the their unknown future home and maintenance. town who stay for any time are very likely to And it was a lonely and sore-hearted Monday ask who are the two grave, gray-haired men which followed for Lucia, as may be supposed. so often seen together and seeming so strangely

Early in the afternoon, as she sat alone in assorted. They are partners in business, and as forlorn meditation, a boy brought to the door constant companions as when they were boys. a letter addressed to her in a large, sprawling They often differ in opinion and express themhand. Inside she found a dollar bill and the selves freely; but behind and above all matwords, written in the same hand as the address: ters of opinion remains their life-long attachInclose one dollar and return it to me by the ment, too fiercely tried and strongly cemented

for bearer. Ask no questions.


difference to shake again. Jonas RAND. Rand still serves as trustee of the Charity,

and is the leading spirit in its management; Lucia did not know what else to do; so, but it continues to be administered on the after some surprised hesitation, she simply did general lines which Roby laid down. as the letter directed.

Lucia is almost as often seen with one as with About dusk was in her own room, think- the other, and people have been known to say ing it would soon be time for her father to re- that Rand seems fonder of her than of his own turn, when she heard the click of the gate and more showy daughters.

James T. McKay.

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N one of the narrow streets of site hill and along the deep valley intervening.

Bethany are the walls of an old Palm branches were uplifted in the hands of
stone building the single open- some, and others broke boughs from the fig and
ing of which is closed by a olive trees and bore them aloft. Long before
wooden door painted green. the two assemblages met, the crowds from

Every visitor is halted at this Jerusalem began to carpet the rough mountain
humble portal, and it opens in answer to the road with the verdant boughs, and those from
creak of a long, heavy, rusty key manipulated Bethany divested themselves of their garments
by both hands of the custodian. It is called the and spread them in the way before their divine
house where Lazarus and Martha and Mary companion. The high, rocky inclines of both
lived. The encircling walls seem to be less an- Olivet and Mount Moriah echoed and reëchoed
tique than the old Roman arch which stands the loud hosannas which went forth from that
within, and their architectural style evidently joint multitude. The distance between the two
dates from periods different and widely sepa- towns is barely two miles. As the advance was
rated. Upon the walls are trailing vines and made, one section turned back and led the
scattered flowers. The inclosure is only about other. Soon a slight descent and turn in the
twelve feet by fourteen feet in extent, and has road was reached. As though crystallized from
no roof. If this is really the place where Jesus the clouds, suddenly, in the twinkling of an eye,
was wont to come day by day after his work had the city of Jerusalem appeared in its entire ex-
been finished in the city, then it was the scene of tent, no object whatever intervening to break
great excitement on the last Saturday he spent the glorious view. Mount Moriah stood forth
upon the earth. The time for the feast of the with the Herodian Temple rising far above the
Passover was at hand. Every road and byway supporting and protecting walls; Mount Zion,
was swarming with people journeying towards covered with the glory and glitter of its mag-
Jerusalem. The number was greater than nificent palaces, appeared next; the great wall
usual because it was expected that Jesus would girdling all with its solid towers and outreach-
attend the feast. No fear of death debarred ing gates, which appeared like strong knots to
the faithful son of Israel and true Messiah from strengthen it—all presented a phantasmagoria
undertaking the journey with the rest ; so the of beauty unsurpassed. The tree-clad hills and
start was made. From every wall of the roof- the surrounding fertile valleys combined to
less apartment the deep-cut, narrow road up make a glorious setting and brought out the
which he climbed may be seen dividing the grandeur of the rich city. Even now this view
hill which protects Bethany on the west. It is is most imposing. This preliminary glimpse is
one of the loveliest spots in all Palestine. Fresh soon hidden by the shoulder of Olivet. The
and well attended is everything, and free from terraced sides of the sacred mountain then, as
the pestering people one meets in so many lo- now, were dotted by vineyards with hedges set
calities. The olive trees are healthier, shapelier, about them, with places dug for the wine-vats,
and more fruitful than those down Hebron and with towers built for the watchmen of the
way; the wheatfields appear more thrifty, and vineyards.
the flowers are surely more abundant. It seems As the enthusiastic multitude moved on, the
as though nothing had changed since Jesus crowds of persons who had been pouring out
went by, except that then, perhaps, a village from the Holy City ever since the gates were
capped the now bare hill, as was the case with opened fell in and swelled the procession. These
almost every hilltop in Palestine when he was people were of every kind and condition — old
a dweller there.

and young, rich and poor, women and their His associates on his journey came from the little ones. Some came to welcome a friend masses — a motley assemblage, part of whom who had been kind to them, or whose friends had followed him from Decapolis and Jericho, had shared his healing power, and some came their number augmented by friends and fol- to honor the king who was to redeem them lowers from the region round about Bethany from the cruel grasp of the foreign invader, Undoubtedly the Galilean disciples, who had There were some who served as spies, and only joined him during his ministry there, led the joined in the loud talk and violent gesticulaenthusiastic procession. When the brow of the tions in order to bring out the real feelings of the hill was reached a second living stream was earnest followers of Jesus. Hope and Passion seen winding down the pathways on the oppo- trudged along side by side; Desire and Fear

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followed them. Every looker-on, infected by The topography of Jerusalem is an interestthe contagion, joined the living mass and in- ing study. “What were the true limits of ancreased the exulting shout which came up from cient Jerusalem ?” is a query that has not yet the rear. The everlasting hills caught the an- been answered as fully and satisfactorily as has thems of praise and sent the sound rolling up “Where was the place called Calvary?” For the valley until those who thronged the walls our present purpose it will not be necessary to and towers of Jerusalem caught the news that go into the depths of the discussion, because Jesus was indeed coming to the feast and was the points which now interest us all lie on the even then close at hand. At last the little bridge east side of the city. Concerning two points which crosses the Kidron valley was reached, there need be no dispute — in fact, there is none. and the narrowing procession crossed over to I refer to the locality of the two great valleys the Golden Gate of Jerusalem. The expres- of Hinnom and Kidron. Had their rise at the sions of fealty and devotion then increased, and north and west been a little closer to each the waiting multitude prostrated themselves other, and their wide, deep courses been filled upon the ground in testimony of their rever- with water, they would have made Jerusalem ence and gratitude. It was the desire of every an island. As it is, it appears between them one to greet Jesus, and it was a marvel to see like a noble, mountainous promontory. Apthe apprehensiveness lest he should not come proach it as you will, it rises sublimely above change place with the delight which attended its environments, with its embattled towers, its his actual presence. Such complete possession always picturesque minarets, and its shapely did the thoughts, hopes, and fears concerning domes standing out against the azure backthis mysterious man take of the people that ground of the sky. No clear-headed general of even the preparation for the great impending the time when ballistæ, battering-rams, and feast was forgotten. The excited populace was catapults were used in besieging a city could uncertain how or what to think of him, much « have coveted a more advantageous site than less what to expect. Some were violent, and this. There seems to be nothing about Jerusalem declared that any such disturber of the peace to welcome the stranger. On the contrary its was liable to bring down the imprecations of high walls and its guarded gates seem to say, Rome and thereby destroy even what little “Halt! you are not welcome here.” And yet prosperity there was among the Jews. Others, its history draws us on, and this same wall of who had been wearied and harassed almost to two and a half miles in circumference- a mere insanity by the tumults and indecision of years, apology for a wall compared with its predstood with open arms, ready and glad to wel- ecessor, and only about half its girth — attracts come any instructor who could wrestle with our attention at once. The materials of which the reigning sect and restore the law of Moses it is constructed represent every age of the to its wonted place. For one faction had so city from the time when “Solomon in all his perverted the religion of their fathers as to drive glory” contracted for the Temple building from it all the spirit and all the hope for a happy to the day when Baldwin and Richard Cour future state ; while another, even more offen- de Lion constructed the splendid Muristan. sive, by their dead forms and dreadful practices These quarried fragments of the ages, some of vice and lust so poisoned the ancient faith beveled, some of porphyry from Arabia, some as to sicken every sincere heart. As Jesus pro- of the granite of Sinai, are placed with as little ceeded to the Temple his enemies were preach- idea of unity and conformity as are the postage ing there, trying by every form of statement stamps in a young collector's album. Here and and argument to turn away the minds of the there a broad arch, closed up, is seen, with people from him. He was branded as a dis- quantities of indentations and projections, with turber of the peace of the city and of the nation. prominent angles, square towers, loopholes, Oftentimes these services were broken up in and threatening battlements. As in Christ's confusion. Then Jesus himself took the place day, so now, a broad pathway, protected by of the exhorters and overwhelmed the excited a breastwork, runs around the top of the wall assemblages by the recital of his parables, by and often serves as the fashionable, and indeed his questionings, by his utterances of the great only, promenade of the curious old city. From commandments, by his gentle admonitions, the eastern wall, near the Golden Gate, close by his terrible denunciations and calm predic- to the top, a fragment of a round porphyry tions. And thus the public pulse went up and column projects several feet. The makers of down under the governing sway of hope and Moslem legends have fixed this for the accompassion until that last night, when, while friends modation of their prophet Mohammed, who is were away, the populace at rest, and suspicion to sit astride it and judge the world when the asleep, Jesus was seized, tried, and condemned, people assemble in the Valley of Jehoshaphat and before the news could be spread was at the last day. hurried outside the walls and crucified.

The general conformation of the walls is


that of a quadrangle. The Mosque of Omar as the “ King's Dale.” Through it the brook and the adjacent grounds occupy the south- Kidron flowed once upon a time. No water foleast angle. A fair map of this most interesting lows the course now except in the rainy season of all of the corners of Jerusalem, as it appears of the winter-time, when the torrents from the to-day, is found in the engraving on page 48. adjacent hills unite here and follow down to the This is the summit of Mount Moriah. This Dead Sea. The terraces of the eastern shoulder one view includes more points of interest, of Mount Zion are detailed here on the left; from right to left, than any other in Jeru- over the city wall the dome of the Mosque of salem, and takes in more than one-eighth of Omar, situated on Mount Moriah, is visible. the modern city. Outside of the platform the Stone stairways are there leading up to Jeruarea is covered with a grassy lawn, and here salem. “ The Hill of Evil Counsel ” is on the and there olive, cypress, and other trees vary extreme left, and the narrow, stony road leadthe scene. The south-west corner embraces all ing to Siloam beyond, located on the souththat part of Mount Zion which is inclosed by western incline of the Mount of Olives, is plainly the modern wall, and is occupied largely by observable. Although the inhabitants of Siloam the Armenian convent with the accessory are as unfriendly a band of robbers as there is buildings. Another immense establishment is in the Orient, they are good husbandmen and located in the north-west quarter of the city have made the neighboring vale a little paraand belongs to the Latin convent. The Church dise. The stones have been industriously reof the Holy Sepulcher lies between the two moved and the soil has been rendered most and serves as the general fighting-ground of productive. The waters of the Pool of Siloam the two creeds, the battles going on under the (located on the left) are used for irrigating this surveillance of a Turkish guard and Reming- garden spot. Plantations of fig and olive trees ton rifles.

are here; vineyards and fields of waving grain The quarter of Jerusalem to which the ex-. make a fine color contrast ; and the plats deasperated visitor may retire when sickened by voted to the cultivation of vegetables for the the turbulence and uncleanness of the others is Jerusalem market would excite the envy of the the north-east. It is not largely built up, like ingenious farmers of our own New Jersey, the others, but it is beautified by gardens and Florida, and California. No fence of stone or olive groves. It is only a question of a little of wood breaks the expanse. The people are a time, however, before these vacant spots will community and do not quarrel with each other, be covered with buildings. Once possession though they scowl at the approach of the stranof the land is had by Latin or Greek, occupa- ger. A person can stand on the pathway in the tion will rapidly follow. Within a few years foreground of our camera-map and see, besides the buildings outside the walls have so in- the sites named, the “ Potter's Field,” “ Job's creased as to form a new city almost as large Well,” or En-Rogel, the Frank Mountain, the as the ancient one within. Superb churches Pool of Gihon, the whole length of the Vale are going up all about Jerusalem, even on of Hinnom on the left, and the entire eastern the stony incline of the Mount of Olives — and southern walls of Jerusalem. many more churches than the whole populace Following the Siloam road, after the gardens can fill; but their purpose it is not hard to are left behind, the valley is found to be sysconjecture.

tematically and extensively terraced, in order Tradition says that the route from Bethany, that every foot of the precious soil may be on the occasion of the triumphal entry, followed utilized. After the village of Siloam is passed, the narrow pathway winding along the side of the valley narrows until it amounts to little more the Mount of Olives from south-east to north- than a ravine. A grand perspective view of the west, back of the village of Siloam, until the eastern wall of Jerusalem is obtained from this neighborhood ofthe Garden of Gethsemane was point. The entire surface of this portion of Olireached, then westward across the valley of the vet seems to be crowded with the white stone Kidron to the city gate. It is not purposed to memorials of the dead. On right and left every dispute tradition now, or even to disturb any rock seems to have been excavated, every cave one's peace by arguing the case; but for the "improved," for sepulchral use. This is largely better understanding of all or any of the routes the case all around Jerusalem. Certainly it is from Bethany to Jerusalem, our present journey true all the way from Mount Moriah to St. will lead us down the hills west of the common Stephen's Gate and from Siloam to the Garden road of to-day into the valley of the Kidron of Gethsemane. The humbler Jewish tombs where it is joined by the Vale of Hinnom. Thus are marked by a slab of rough limestone withwe come at once upon the most sublime and out emblem or symbol, though many of them impressive view round about Jerusalem, or in- bear Hebrew inscriptions. The Mohammedan deed in all Palestine. This region is shown in gravestone is usually upright, set in a base, and the engraving on the opposite page and is known the grave is often inclosed on each side and

at the top by slabs. There is frequently a footstone as well as a headstone. The study of the excavated tombs is very interesting. There is almost every variety in the neighborhood of Jerusalem. Some of them contain only loculi, or troughs, cut laterally in the rock, with an arch or canopy above; and into these troughs the bodies were laid. A second class consists of a central chamber from which rows of koka, or rectangular, sloping spaces, run inwards, like tunnels, sufficiently high and wide to permit the admission of a corpse. Other tombs have both loculi and koka,

Solo together with numerous stone benches around the sides of the chamber, upon which level.But sarcophagi were arranged. The entrance to so it is such a tomb as this is shown in THE CENTURY frequentMAGAZINE for April, 1888, page 832. In some ly. With cases there is only one chamber, while in others reference there are a dozen or more, opening into one an- to the other. Occasionally there are two or more stories tomb of in one excavation. Masonry tombs are very Absalom rare. Stairways lead to some of these chambers and

its of the dead which are found along the Valley pretentious neighbors Dr. Edward Robinson of Jehoshaphat, and the façades of some of says, “ It is unnecessary to waste words to the noted ones have been carved and cut in pre- show that they never had anything to do with tentious styles. Others are isolated, -cut from the persons whose names they bear.” He says the solid rock,—and stand out prominent feat- further : ures in the gloomy prospect. Most prominent among the last named are the alleged sepul- The intermingling of the Greek orders, and a chers of Zechariah, St. James, Absalom, and spice of the massive Egyptian taste, which are visJehoshaphat. That of Absalom is the most elab- ible in these monuments, serve also to show that

a orate of all. It is doubtful whether Absalom's they belong to a late period of the Greek and Roman remains ever rested anywhere near it

, but it and Egyptian which prevails in the Oriental prov

art, and especially to that style of mingled Greek always forms a picturesque feature in the land- inces of the Roman Empire. The chief seat of this scape, standing as it does upon a well-chosen style was perhaps at Petra, where it still appears in site. It is quite 50 feet high and 22 feet square much of its pristine character in the very remarkat the base. All these surrounding sepulchers able excavations of Wady Mûsa. When we visited are in harmony with the deadness which per- that place some weeks afterwards we were much vades the Holy City. Alas ! how the poor pil- struck at finding there several isolated monuments, grims would have writhed during their last the counterparts of the monolithic tombs in the Valyears if they had known that the jackals might Petra are not held, I believe, to be in general older

ley of Jehoshaphat. The architectural remains of be toying with their poor shriveled remains than the Christian era ; nor is there any reason to before the rough limestone placed over them suppose that the Jewish monuments in question by faithful friends had settled to a comfortable are of an earlier date. Indeed, if they existed prior


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