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second impulse of the voice, without pausing between them; as,

It will pain nobody, if the sad dangler regain neither rope.

4. FINAL COGNATES.-In uttering the elements of the final cognates, b, p, d, t, g, and k, the organs of speech should not remain closed at the several pauses of discourse, but should be smartly separated by a kind of echo; as,

I took down my hat-t, and put it upon my head-d.

5. UNACCENTED SYLLABLES should be pronounced as distinctly as those which are accented: they should merely have less force of voice and less prolongation; as,

The thoughtless, helpless, homeless girl did not resent his rudeness and harshness.

Very many of the prevailing faults of articulation result from a neglect of these rules, especially the second, the third, and the last. He who gives a full and definite sound to final consonants and to unaccented vowels, if he does it without stiffness or formality, can hardly fail to articulate well.


1. THIRTY years ago, Marseilles' lay burning in the sun, one day. A blazing sun, upon a fierce August day, was no greater rarity in Southern France then, than at any other time, before or since. Every thing in Marseilles, and about Marseilles, had stared at the fervid sky, and been stared at in return, until a staring habit had become universal there.

2. Strāngers were stared out of countenance by staring white houses, staring white walls, staring white streets, staring tracts of arid road, staring bills from which verdure was burnt ăwāy. The only things to be seen not firedly staring and glaring were the vines drooping under their load of grapes. These did occasionally wink a little, as the hot air moved their faint leaves.

3. There was no wind to make a ripple on the foul water

· Direction.-Students will give formation of syllables each letter the number and names of the syl. that appears in Italics, in this exerlables, in words of more than one cise, is designed to illustrate. syllable, and tell what rule for the ? Marseilles, (mår sålz).

within the harbor, or on the beautiful sea without. The line of dēmarkātion between the two colors, black and blue, showed the point which the pure sea would not pass; but it lay as quiet as the abominable pool, with which it never mixed. Boals without awnings were too hot to touch ; ships blistered at their moorings; the stones of the quays had not cooled for months. 4. The universal stare made the eyes

ache. Toward the distant line of Italian (i tăl' yăn) coast, indeed, it was a little relieved by light clouds of mist, slowly rising from the evaporation of the sea ; but it softened nowhere else. Far ăwāy the staring roads, deep in dust, stared from the hillside, stared from the hollow, stared from the interminable plain.

5. Far away the dusty vines overhanging wayside cottages, and the monotonous wayside avenues of parched trees without shade, drooped beneath the stare of earth and sky. So did the horses with drowsy bells, in long files of carts, creeping slowly toward the interior ; so did their recumbent drivers, when they were o wake, which rarely happened; so did the exhausted laborers in the fields.

6. Every thing that lived or grew was oppressed by the glare; except the lizard, passing swiftly over rough stone walls, and the cicāda, chirping his dry hot chirp, like a ratlle. The very dust was scorched brown, and something quivered in the atmosphere as if the air itself were panting. Blinds, shutters, curtains, awnings, were all closed to keep out the stare. Grant it but a chink or keyhole, and it shot in like a white-hot ărrow.

7. The churches were freest from it. To come out of the twilight of pillars and arches-dreamily dotted with winking lamps, dreamily peopled with ugly old shadows piously dozing, spitting, and beggingwas to plunge into a fiery river, and swim for life to the nearest strip of shade. So, with people lounging and lying wherever shade was, with but little hum of tongues or barking of dogs, with occasional jangling of discordant church bells, and rattling of vicious drums, Marseilles, a fact to be strongly smelt and tasted, lay broiling in the sun one day. 8. Shall I be left, forgotten in the dust,

When Fate, relenting, lets the flower revive ?
Shall Nature's voice, to Man álone unjust,

Bid him, though doomed to perish, hope to live ?


DEFINITIONS. the peculiar force given to one or more

syllables of a 2. In many trisyllables and polysyllables, of two syllables accented, one is uttered with greater force than the other. The more forcible accent is called primary, and the less forcible, secondary; as, hab-i-ta-tion.

3. The mark of acute accent ['] is employed, first, to indicate primary accent; secondly, the rising inflection (p. 53); as,

Réading, or read'ing. If thine enemy húnger, give him bread.

4. The mark of grave accent ['] is employed, first, to indicate secondary accent; secondly, that the vowel over which it is placed, with its attendant consonant, forms a separate syllable; thirdly, that the vowel in the unaccented syllable is not an alphabetic equivalent, but represents one of its usual oral elements; and fourthly, the falling inflection (p. 53); as,

Màgnificent, or mag'nificent. A learned man caught that winged thing. Her goodness moved the roughest. Away, thou coward!

The student will be required to give the office of each mark in the following



1. The lone'ly hunt'er calls his bound'ing dogs, and seeks the high'way.

2. Hark! the whirl'wind is in the forest : agèd trees are o'verturned'.

3. Verácity first of all, and fòréver.
4. The finest wits have their sédiment.
5. Hunting men, not béasts, shall be his game.


6. A fool with júdges ; among fools, a jùdge.

7. Will the heed'lèssness of honèst students offend' their truest friends?

8. Hónèst stúdents learn the greatness of hùmílity. 9. That blessed and beloved child loves every winged thing.

10. The agree'able ar'tisan' made an ad'mirable păr'asol' for that beau'tiful Russian (rush'an) la'dy.

11. No'tice the marks of ac'cent, and al'ways accent' correct'ly words that should have but one ac'cent, as in sen'sible, vaga'ry, circumstances, dif'ficulty, in'teresting, &c.

12. Costúme, mánnèrs, ríchès, civilizátion, have no pérmanènt interest for him.-His heedlessness offends his trúest friends.

13. In a crowded life, on a stage of nations, or in the obscúrèst hámlèt, the same bléssèd elements offer the same rich chóicès to each new comer.



ANY words, or parts of speech, having the same

form, are distinguished by accent alone. Nouns and adjectives are often thus distinguished from verbs, and, in a few dissyllables, from each other.


1. Why does your ab'sent friend absent' himself? 2. Did he abstract an ab'stract of your speech from the desk? 3. Note the mark of ac' cent, and accent' the right syllable. 4. Buy some cem'ent and cement' the glass. 5. Desert us not in the des'ert. 6. If that proj'ect fail, he will project another. 7. My in'crease is taken to increase your wealth. 8. Perfume' the room with rich per'fume.

9. If they reprimand' that officer, he will not regard their rep'rimand.

10. If they rebel', and overthrow the government, even the reb'els can not justify the overthrow.

11. In August, the august writer entered into a com'pact to prepare a compact' discourse.

12. In'stinct, not reason, rendered the herd instinct with spirit.

13. Within a min'ute from this time, I will find a minute' piece of gold.

14. Earnest prayer is an in'cense that can never incense' Deity.

15. While you converse' with each other, I hold con'verse with nature.

16. If they continue to progress' in learning, he will commend them for their prog'ress.

17. If Congress in'terdict' intercourse with foreign nations, will the in'terdict be just ?

18. Unless the con'vert be zealous, he will never convict' the con'vict of his errors, and convert' him.

19. If the pro'test of the minority be not respected, they will protest against your votes.

20. If the farmer produce prod'uce enough for his family, he will not transfer' his title to that estate, though the trans'fer is legal.



THE ordinary accent of words is sometimes changed

by a contrast in sense, or to express opposition of thought.

EXAMPLES. 1. He must in'crease, but I must de'crease. 2. He did not say a new addition, but a new e'dition.

3. Consider well what you have done, and what you have left un'done.

4. I said that she will sus'pect the truth of the story, not that she will ex'pect it.

5. He that de'scended is also the same that as'cended.

6. This corruptible must put on in'corruption ; and this mortal must put on im'mortality.

7. There are also ce'lestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial ; but the glory of the ce'lestial is one, and the glory of the ter'restrial is another.

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