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Before you change the text-books to be used in the schools under your charge,






and POLITICAL CHANGES down to 1865, Cover the whole ground necessary for a thorough understanding of that too much neglected branch of education.

They develop thought, and leave a more lasting impression on the scholar's mind than any other series now published, as the immense sales already made, the continually increasing demand for them, and the united voice of hundreds of teachers now using them, all testify.

They have already been introduced into the public schools of many of the largest cities from New England to California, among which are Boston, PHILADELPHIA, WASHINGTON, CHICAGO and SACRAMENTO, and the Physical Geography is meeting with heavy sales in CANADA, ENGLAND and GERMANY.


Greene's Introduction to English Grammar,


Greene's English Grammar. These two books form a complete series, sufficiently comprehensive for all our common schools, while his analysis of the English language is adapted to the highest classes in academies and seminaries. The principles of the language are treated in their natural order, while the most thorough and complete analysis is taught at every step.

The above-named books will be furnished for first introduction at GREATLY REDUCED PRICES, so that in many cases it will be even MORE ECONOM CAL TO INTRODUCE THEM than to continue using inferior works.

Samples sent to committees and teachers GRATIS, for examination, on application, either personally or by mail, to J. B. COWPERTHWAITE, PHILADELPHIA,


J. L HAMMETT, Boston, Mass. Introducing Agent, - Office at Cyrus G. Cooke's Bookstore, April '83.-1.

37 and 39, Brattle Street.





Small quarto, 116 pp. Price 90 cents.

This book is cordially recommended by many prominent educators. Prof. George B. Emerson says of it:

“The author has learned how to teach ; she loves and understands children, sympathizes with their wants, and knows how to interest them, and to gain and keep their attention. The language she uses is addressed to their imagination and curiosity, and singularly well adapted to their capacity."

“So interesting is this little book, and so wisely chosen is the substance of the lessons, that it would be a blessing to pupils and teachers wherever it should be used."

Copies for examination will be sent to teachers on receipt of 60 cents.


43 Washington Street, Boston.

State Normal Schools.

The normal Schools at Framingham and Salem are designed for the education of female teachers; those at Bridgewater and Westfield for the education of teachers of both sexes. The course extends over two years, of two terms of about twenty weeks each, for all except those who have been graduate i at a college, - for whom the course covers only one term. Any pero son entering either of the schools, with extraordinary preparation, may obtain a degree in one half or three-fourths of the time usually required.

To those who intend to teach in the public schools in Massachusetts, wherever they may have previously resided, tuition is free; and to pupils from this State, pecuniary aid is also given, when needed. Most of the text-books used are furnished from the libraries of the several schools.

The public examinations will take place as follows:
At FRAMINGHAM, on Tuesday, July 10th, 1866, and Jan. 29th, 1867.
At SALEM, on Thursday, July 12th, 1866, and Jan 31st, 1867.
At BRIDGEWATER, on Tuesday, July 17th, 1866, and Feb. 5, 1867.
At WESTFIELD, on Thursday, July 15th, 1866, and Feb. 7, 1867,
The Examinations for admission will occur
At FRAMINGHAM, on Tuesday, Sept. 4th, 1866, and Feb. 12th, 1867.
At SALEM, on Thursday, Sept. 6th, 1866, and Feb. 14th, 1867.
At BBIDGEWATER, on Tuesday, Sept. 11th, 1866, and Feb. 19th, 1867.
At WESTFIELD, on Thursday, Sept. i3th, 1866, and Feb. 21st, 1867.

At each examination, in all the schools, reading will receive particular attention, and the Lee prizes for excellence in reading will be conferred upon the best readers. For circulars, or for further information, application may be made to the principals of the several schools.

The following are the conditions on which the Lee prizes may be received:

To deserve a prize, the candidate must possess naturally, or have gained by discipline, 1. A fulness of voice which shall enable him to fill, without apparent effort, the room occupied by the class. 2. Perfect distinctness of articulation, giving complete expression to every vocal element, and letting the sound of each word fall clearly upon the ear of the hearer, especially at the end of every sentence. 3. Correct pronunciation, with that roundness and fulness of enun, ciation, and sweetness and mellowness of tone, which only can satisfy and charm the ear and reach the heart; and 4. Just emphasis, clearly marked, but not overstrained. 5. He must reae naturally, and with spirit, avoiding all'affectation and mannerism, and keeping at the same tim clear of the lifeless monotony common in schools, and of the excess of emphasis which so ofted characterizes poor declamation. 6. In the reading of poetry, his tones must be those of unaffected emotion, free at once from the tameness of prose, and from the too measured cadences of verse

No. 137 South Fourth Street, Philadelphia.


Entirely New—Text, Maps, and Engravings. Mitchell's First Lessons in Geography. For young children. Designed as an introduc.

tion to the author's Primary Geography. With maps and engravings. Mitchell's Now Primary Geography. Illustrated by Twenty colored Maps, and One Hundred Engravings. Designed as an introduction to the New Intermediate

Geography, Mitchell's New Intermediate Geography. For the use of Schools and Academies.

Illustrated by twenty-three copper-plate Maps and numerous engravings. Mitchell's New School Geography and Atlas. A system of Modern Geography

Physical, Political, and Descriptive, illustrated by Two Hundred Engravings, and accompa

nied by a new Atlas of Forty-four copper-plate Maps. Mitchell's New Ancient Geography. An entirely new work, elegantly illustrated.

MITCHELL'S SCHOOL GEOGRAPHIES. Old Series. Mitchell's (Old) Primary Geography. An Easy Introduction to the study of Geography.

Illustrated by engravings and sixteen colored maps. Mitchell's (Old) School Geography and Atlas. New Revised Edition. A system of

Modern Geography, comprising a description of the present state of the World, and its grand divisions. Embellished by numerous engravings, and accompanied by an Atias containing

thirty-four Maps. Mitchell's Old) Ancient Geography and Atlas. Designed for Academies, Schools,

and Families. A system of Classical and Sacred Geography, embellished with engravings. Together with an Ancient Atlas, containing maps illustrating the work.

GOODRICH'S SCHOOL HISTORIES. Goodrich's Pictorial History of the United States. A Pictorial History of the

United States, with notices of other portions of America. By 8. G. Goodrich, author of

“ Peter Parley's Tales." Goodrich's American Child's Pictorial History of the United States. An intro

duction to the author's "Pictorial History of the United States." Goodrich's Pictorial History of England. A Pictorial History of England. By 8. G.

Goodrich, author of "' Pictorial History of the United States,” etc. Goodrich's Pictorial History of Rome. A Pictorial History of Ancient Rome, with

sketches of the History of Modern Italy. By 8. G. Goodrich. Goodrich's Pictorial History of Greece. A Pictorial History of Greece, Ancient and

Modern, By 8. G. Goodrich, author of "Pictorial History of the United States." Goodrich's Pictorial History of France. A pictorial History of Prance. For the use

of Schools. By 8. G. Goodrich. Revised and brought down to the present time. Goodrich's Parley's Common School History of the World. A Pictorial History

of the World, Ancient and Modern, By S. G. Goodrich. Illustrated by engravings. Goodrich's Pictorial Natural History. Elegantly illustrated with more than two hun.

dred engravings. Coppee's Elements of Logic. Elements of Logic. Designed as a Manual of Instruction.

By Henry Coppée, LL. D., President of the Lehigh University. Coppee's Elements of Rhetoric. Elements of Rhetoric. Designed as a Manual of In

struction. By Henry Coppée, LL.D., author of " Elements of Logic,” etc. New edition,

revised. Coppeo's Academic Speaker. 1 vol.. 8vo. Ormsby's Guide to Geography. Embracing Primary Reading Lessons, Written and

Oral Methods combined, Map Exercises, systematically arranged, a Chart of Latitude and Longitude, and Calculations in Mathematical Gerogaphy, designed to accompany the Maps of Mitchell's New Intermediate Geography. By George S. Ormsby, Supt. Public Schools,

Xenia, O. With numerous engravings. School History of Maryland. To which are added brief Biographies of distinguished

Statesmen, Philanthropists, Theologians, &c. With numerous engravings. Prepared for the

schools of Maryland. Bingham's Latin Grammar. A Grammar of the Latin Language, for the use of Schools

and Academies, with Exercises and Vocabularies. By William Bingham, A.M., Supt. of the Bingham School, Mebaneville, N. C.

sept. 1866 3m

“Aids to School Discipline.”


No one thing conduces more to the good discipline of a School, and the advancement of its individual members, than the keeping of a strict account of the daily department and scholarship of each pupil. Yet few teachers keep more than the required record of attendance. The reason is plain. The multiplicity of duties which throng upon them during the all. tted six hours, entirely precludes their making the proper entries until recess time, or after the close of the School. The record, if kept at all, must then be made up from memory, and, of necessity, with questionable accuracy. Consequently the moral force of the record is lost. This evil is sometimes avoided and accuracy secured, by making the entries immediately after each exercise. But a teacher having, as is often the case, twenty or thirty different daily exer. cises, by devoting two or three minutes to making the record of each, must spend, in this way, at least one-sixth of the school day. This time can ill be spared from other duties. And the loss of time does not end with the day. Once a month, or oftener, the teacher must spend many weary hours adding up and averaging accounts, and making reports to parents.

By the use of the “ AIDS TO SCHOOL DISCIPLINE," all this drudgery is avoided, much valuable time is saved, a wholesome stimulant is afforded to pupils, and parents, being informed each night how their children have passed the day, are led to take a more lively interest in the School.

A further benefit is secured. Many school children are too young to appreciate fully the significance of a simple mark or figure. They require something tangible-something that they can take home and show to their parents and friends when they have done well, and whieb, if they fail to obtain by negligence or misconduct, will bring upon them immediate exposure. This system is consequently more efficient than rdinary records, besides being more popular with parents and pupils as well as with teachers.

The AIDS may be used in various ways. The following will suit the majority of Schools :In the morning cach pupil receives a CARD, (five merits,) to be forfeited during the day in case of misdemeanor or failure in recitation. When five of these cards are obtained, they are exchanged for a CHECK, (twenty-five merits,) representing a perfect School Week. Four Checks are in like manner exchanged for a CERTIFICATE OF MERIT, representing one hundred merits, or a perfect Month. These Certificates bear the pupil's name and are signed by the teacher. The number held at any time will show the pupil's standing in the School. If a prize is to be awarded at the close of the session, a year, there can be no difficulty or possibility of mistake in determining to whom it belongs. And the decision being made in public, each pupil exhibiting the Certificate which he holds, no suspicion of favoritism can possibly arise.

The Aids are beautifully illuminated, being printed in the National Colors, and are beautiful in design. The Certificates in themselves are prizes which every child will admire and cherish,

The Cards and Checks are printed on stout paper, and may be used many times. This makes the system very cheap.

Each set contains 100 Certificates, 150 Checks, 250 Cards, and in addition, 100 Single Merits and Half Merits, to be used when deemed advisable. Price per set, $1.3. When sent by Mail, prepaid, $1.35.

J. W. SCHERMERHORN & CO., Publishers,

430 Broome Street, N.Y.

TAGGARD & THOMPSON, 29 Cornhill, Boston, Agents for New England.

A complete list of School Merchandise sent when applied for.

LATIN PRIMER. Latin Primer: A Guide to the Study of Latin Grammar, with Exercises for Translation, adapted to Harkness' and Andrews and Stoddard's Latin Grammars, and as an Introduction to Hanson's Latin Prose Book. By Henry E. Sawyer, A. M., Principal of the High School, Middletown, Ct., 16mo.

This is not a Grammar nor a part of one, but a companion book to be taken with the Grammar at the very outset. It marks out, by carefully prepared references to the Grammars named in its title, a series of progressive lessons, beginning with Pronunciation and ending with Irregular Verbs.

Each lesson is illustrated by appropriate Exercises for translation. They are strictly pro. gressive in character, beginning with the simplest and proceeding to sentences somewhat com. plicated in structure. Exercises in translating English into Latin are introduced, and questions on the first chapter of Cæsar follow the Exercises. Following these Questions are Forms for parsing the various parts of speech. A Vocabulary is added to complete the book, which is comprised in fifty small pages.

HANSON'S LATIN PROSE. Preparatory Latin Prose Book, containing all the Latin Prose necessary for entering College, with references to Harkness' and Andrews and Stoddard's Latin Grammars; Notes, Critical and Explanatory; a Vocabulary, and a Geographical and Historical Index. A NEW Edition, containing, in addition to the above, a quantity of casy Prose selections, designed to supply the place of a Latin Reader; also, additional prose matter, especially prepared for, and adapted to, the introductory course of Latin Prose at Harvard University. Seventeenth edition, enlarged and improved. By J. H. Hanson, A. M., Principal of the Waterville Classical Institute. 12mo, pp. 900. Price, $3.


A Handbook of Latin Poetry, containing selections from Virgil, Ovid and Horace; with Notes, and References to Harkness' and Andrews and Stoddard's Latin Grammars. By J. H. Hanson, Principal of the Classical Institute, Waterville, Me., and W. J. Rolfe, Master of the High School, Cambridge, Mass. 12mo. Price, $3.

Selections from Ovid and Virgil. - A shorter Handbook of Poetry, with Notes and Grammatical References. By J. H. Hanson, A. M., and W.J. Rolfe, A. M. 1 vol., 12mo, $2.

These popular Handbooks are now too well known to need an extended description, and the advantages offered to teachers and pupils too obvious to require explanation.

Their great merits have procured for them the indorsement of some of the most eminent teachers in all sections of the country and have secared an introduction so extensive as to require already seventeen editions of the Prose Book to supply the demand.

NEW FRENCH GRAMMAR. A French Grammar.-Being an attempt to present, in a concise and systematic form, the essential principles of the French Language; including English Exercises, to be translated into French, with vocabularies; an alphabetical list of the most common French Idioms; and a copious Index. To which is added a French, English, 'and Latin Vocabulary, containing the most common words in French which are derived from Latin. By Edward H. Magill, A. M., Sub-master in the Boston Latin School. 1 vol., 12mo, $1.50,

This new Grammar has received the highest commendations from many prominent teachers, among whom we are at liberty to mention Francis Gardner, Esq., Principal of the Boston Latin School; Thos. Sherwin, Principal of the English High School; W. H. Seavey, Esq., Principal of Girls' High and Normal School; Prof. R. P. Dunn of Brown University, Prof. Clark of Amherst College; A. H. Buck, Esq., Principal of Roxbury Latin School; W. I. Rolfe, Esq., Principal of Cambridge High School; Prof. A. Harkness, author of the popular Latin Grammar; Prof. Morand; Hon. John D. Philbrick, Supt. of Public Schools, City of Boston, &c., &c., &c.

Copies for examination will be furnished on receipt of one-half the price, with twentyfive cents additional for postage. Special terms will be given for first introduction of any of the books, and correspondence upon any points in relation thereto is invited. CROSBY & AINSWORTH, Publishers,

117, Washington Street, Boston.

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