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Third Congress. Second Session. December 2, 1793.

Art. XI. The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state.

Eighth Congress. First Session. October 17, 1803. ART. XII. The electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot, for president and vice-president; one of whom at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as president, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as vice-president; and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as president; and of all persons voted for as vice-president, and the number of votes for each; which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed, to the seat of government of the United States, directed to the president of the senate; the president of the senate shall, in the presence of the senate and house of representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted; the person having the greatest number of votes for president, shall be the president, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed. And if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers, not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as president, the house of representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the president; but in choosing the president, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state ha ving one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice; and if the house of representatives shall not choose a president, whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the vicepresident shall act as president, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the president. The person having the greatest number of votes as vice-president, shall be the vice-president, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the senate shall choose the vice-president; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of president, shall be eligible to that of vicepresident of the United States.

Congress having passed the following amendment, when ratified by three-fourths of the several states, it will be valid as a part of this Constitution.

ARTICLE XIII. Sect. 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

SECT. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.



[The Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States, early in her history, and early in the history of our Republic, showed a loyal bearing, which we think should characterize all Christian organizations, thus complying with the teachings of inspiration : “Let every soul be subject to the higher powers ;” “Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work.” We now introduce to our readers the correspondence of the Bishops of the M. E. Church with General Washington shortly after his selection as Presi. dent of the United States. See Bangs' History of the Methodist Episcopal Church, Vol. I.]


Sir: We, the Bishops of the M. E. Church, humbly beg leave, in the name of our society collectively in these United States, to express to you the warm feelings of our hearts, and our sincere congratulations on your appointment to the Presidentship of these states. We are conscious from the signal proofs you have already given, that you are a friend of mankind; and under this established idea, place as full confidence in your wisdom and integrity for the preservation of those civil and religious liberties which have been transmitted to us by the providence of God and the glorious revolution, as we believe ought to be reposed in man. We have received the most grateful satisfaction from the humble and entire dependence on the great Governor of the universe which you have repeatedly expressed, acknowledging Him the source of every blessing,


and particularly of the most excellent constitution of these
States, which is at present the admiration of the world,
and may in future become its great exemplar for imitation;
and hence we enjoy a holy expectation, that you will
always prove a faithful and impartial patron of genuine,
vital religion, the grand end of our creation and present
probationary existence. And we promise you our fervent
prayers to the Throne of Grace, that God Almighty may
endue you with all the graces and gifts of his Holy Spirit,
that he may enable you to fill up your important station
to his glory, the good of his church, the happiness and
prosperity of the United States, and the welfare of man-
Signed, in behalf of the Methodist Episcopal Church,




NEW YORK, May 29, 1789. GENTLEMEN: I return to you individually, and through you to your Society collectively in the United States, my thanks for the demonstrations of affection and the expressions of joy, offered in their behalf on my late appointment. It shall be my endeavor to manifest the purity of my inclinations for promoting the happiness of mankind, as well as the sincerity of my desires to contribute whatever may be in my power toward the civil and religious liberties of the American people. In pursuing this line of conduct, I hope, by the assistance of Divine Providence, not altogether to disappoint the confidence which you have been pleased to repose in me. It always affords me satisfaction when I find a concurrence of sentiment and practice between

all conscientious men, in acknowledgments of homage to the great Governor of the universe, and in professions of support to a just civil government. After mentioning that I trust the people of every denomination, who demean themselves as good citizens, will have occasion to be convinced that I shall always strive to prove a faithful and impartial patron of genuine vital religion-I must assure you in particular, that I take in the kindest part the promise you make of presenting your prayers at the Throne of Grace for me, and that I likewise implore the divine benediction on yourselves and your religious community.


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