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whole or in part, against the corporation, and the amount due on such executions shall be the amount recoverable with costs against such stockholders; before such laborer or servant shall charge such stockholder for such thirty days' services, he shall give him notice in writing, within twenty days after the performance of such service, that he intends so to hold him liable, and shall commence such action therefor within thirty days after the return of such execution, unsatisfied, as above mentioned; and every such stockholder, against whom

any such recovery by such laborer or servant shall have been had, shall have a right to recover the same of the other stockholders in said corporation, in ratable proportion to the amount of the stock they shall respectively hold with himself; and all laws whereby the stockholders, officers and agents of any railroad corporation are made individually liable for the debts or liabilities of such corporation, beyond the provisions contained in the act entitled "An act to authorize the formation of railroad corporations, and to regulate the same," passed April 2, 1850, and the acts amending the same, are hereby repealed.

§ 17. The directors of any railroad company whose track crosses any of the canals of this state, and the present grade thereof shall be raised in consequence of directions given by the canal commissioners, may, with the assent of the said canal commissioners, lay out a new line of road for the purpose of crossing such canal on a more favorable grade, and may extend such new line and connect the same with any other line of road owned by the same company, and a survey, map and certificate of such new or altered line shall be made and filed in the clerk's office of the proper county; and such company shall have the same right and power to acquire title to any lands required for the purposes of such company, under the provisions of this section, as it would have in the location of a line of road in the first instance; and all the provisions of the act hereby amended, relative to acquiring title to land for railroad purposes, shall apply to such new or altered line; and all lands acquired by any railroad company by appraisal, for passenger and freight depots, shall be held by such company in fee; but no new line or route of road can be laid out and established, as contemplated in this section, in any city or village, unless the same be sanctioned by a vote of two-thirds of the common council of said city, or trustees of said village, nor shall any railroad company be compelled to abandon any existing line of road in consequence of establishing such new line of road.

§ 18. Section thirty-nine of the act hereby amended is repealed, but this repeal shall not affect any action or proceeding heretofore commenced under said section.

§ 19. This act shall take effect immediately.

Chap. 444.
AN AOT further to amend the act entitled "An act to au-

thorize the formation of railroad corporations and to
regulate the same," passed April second, eighteen hundred
and fifty.

Passed April 14, 1857. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

SECTION 1. It shall be lawful for any mortgagee of any railroad and the franchises thereof, to become the purchaser of the same, at any sale thereof under the mortgage, upon foreclosure by advertisement, or under a judgment, or decree, or otherwise, and to hold and convey the same, with all the rights and privileges belonging thereto or connected therewith.

§ 2. Whenever there shall be one or more of the estates enumerated yl Park in article one of title two of chapter one of the second part of the

dys Revised Statutes, entitled “Of the creation and division of estates," in any land required by any railroad company for the purpose of its

“ f incorporation, such company may acquire such estate and land by means of the special proceedings authorized by the act hereby amended. In every such case the railroad company, in addition to the statements now required by said act, shall set forth and state in its petition, the facts in relation to any such estate, and the person, persons or class of persons, then in being or not in being, who are or may become entitled in any contingency, to any estate as aforesaid, in such land, and may pray that such estate may be acquired, and such persons may be bound, by the said proceedings; and thereupon the court to whom such petition is presented, if there be no attorney appearing in their behalf, shall appoint some competent and disinterested attorney or officer of the court to appear in such proceedings and represent the rights, interests and estate of the person, persons, or class of persons aforesaid in any such land, and to protect the same, on the appraisal and proceedings aforesaid ; and it shall be the duty of the court, on or after the confirmation of the report of


appraisal, to ascertain by such report, or by a reference for that purpose, or otherwise in its discretion, the rights, interest and estate of such person, persons or class of persons, in the land so appraised, and in the compensation awarded therefor, and to make an order determining the amount or share of such compensation to which such person, persons or class of persons are or may become entitled on account of such estate, as the same shall arise or become vested in them respectively, and to direct, and to provide for the payment, investment or securing thereof, for the benefit of the person, persons or class of persons aforesaid, who are, or may in the contingency upon which such estate arises become, entitled thereto; upon the company paying or securing such amount or share, in the manner directed by such order of the court, it shall be deemed to have acquired, and shall be vested with the estate which such person, persons or class of persons have or may be entitled to in said land, and they shall be barred of and from all right or claim in and to such land. Any railroad corporation in this state may acquire the title in fee, by the special proceedings, hereinbefore mentioned, to any land which it may require for roadway and for necessary buildings, depots and freight grounds.

8 3. Every railroad company which shall have had unclaimed freight or baggage, not perishable, in its possession for the period of at least one year, may proceed and sell the same at public auction, after giving notice to that effect in the state paper once a week for not less than four weeks, and for a like period in a newspaper other than the state paper, published at the place designated for the sale, and also in one published in the city of New York, (said notice shall contain as near as practicable a description of such freight or baggage, the place and time when left, together with the name of the owner of the freight, or person to whom consigned, if the same be known). All moneys arising from the sale of freight or baggage as aforesaid after deducting therefrom charges and expenses for transportation, storage, advertising, commissions for selling the property, and the amount previously paid for the loss or non-delivery of freight or baggage, shall be deposited by the company making such sale, accompanied with a report thereof, and proofs of advertisement, with the comptroller, for the benefit of the general fund of the state, and shall be held by him in trust for reclamation by the persons entitled, or who may become entitled, to receive the same. No sale as herein provided shall be valid unless a copy of the notice above specified shall be served upon the comptroller for at least two weeks prior to the time designated for such sale.

§ 4. In case such unclaimed freight or baggage shall, in its nature, be perishable, then the same may be sold as soon as it can be, at the best terms that can be obtained.

§ 5. This act shall take effect immediately.

AN ACT in relation to sleeping cars.

Passed April 7, 1858. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows :

SECTION 1. Any patentee of a sleeping car, or his legal representative, may place his car upon any railroad of this state, with the assent of the company owning such road. Such patentee, or his legal representative, may charge for the use of said car, in all cases, to each passenger occupying the same, forty cents, which yum shall entitle such

passenger to the use of a birth for one hundred miles; and the said patentee, or his legal representative, may charge at and after the rate of three mills for every additional mile, but in no case shall the charge exceed eighty cents.

§ 2. The railroad companies permitting the use of such cars shall, nevertheless, keep sufficient first class cars of other kinds for the convenient use and occupation of all passengers not wishing to use a sleeping car. And the tickets issued for the use of the sleeping cars shall have plainly written or printed thereon, “sleeping car," and all persons using a sleeping car shall be furnished with such tickets.

§ 3. No railroad corporation shall be interested in the additional sum paid for the use of berths in sleeping cars, pursuant to the provision of this act.

§ 4. Nothing in this act contained shall be so construed as to exonerate any railroad company from the payment of damages for injuries, in the same way and to the same extent they would be required to do by law if such cars were owned and provided by the company

§ 5. The legislature may alter, amend or repeal this act. 8 6. This act shall take effect immediately.

Chap 449. AN AOT to amend an act entitled “ An act to authorize the

formation of railroad corporations, and to regulate the same," passed April second, eighteen hundred and fifty.

Passed April 22, 1862 ; three-fifths being present. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

SECTION 1. Section twenty-seven of the act entitled “ An act to authorize the formation of railroad corporations and to regulate the same," passed April second, eighteen hundred and fifty, is hereby amended so as to read as follows:

§ 27. No company formed under this act shall lay down or use in the construction of their road any iron rail of less weight than fiftysix pounds to the lineal yard, except for turnouts, sidings and switches, and roads upon which steam power cannot by law be used ; and on the last mentioned roads such weight shall not be less than forty pounds to the lineal yard.

§ 2. This act shall take effect immediately.

Chap. 346. AN AOT empowering railroad companies to employ police


Passed April 29, 1863. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

SECTION 1. Any railroad corporation, on which road steam is used as the motive power, may apply to the governor to commission such persons as the said corporation may designate, to act as policemen for said corporation.

$ 2. The governor, upon such application, may appoint such persons or so many of them as he may deem proper to be such policemen, and shall issue to such person or persons so appointed a commission to act as such policemen.

$ 3. Every policeman so appointed shall, before entering upon the duties of his office, take and subscribe the oath prescribed in the twelfth article of the constitution; such oath with a copy

of the commission, shall be filed with the secretary of state, and a certificate thereof by said secretary be filed with the clerk of each county through or into wbich the railroad for which such policeman is appointed may

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