« AnteriorContinuar »
Government of the United States should not force the then acting as Chairman of his Delegation, and now pre institution of Slavery upon the people either of the senting the majority report announced: • Territories,' or of the States against the will of the “North Carolina gives ten votes for the Platform, and ple, though my voice could bring about that result. will give ten thousand majority in November.”
In his letter of acceptance, Mr. Buchanan, in an em PROM A SPEECH OF VICE-PRESIDENT BRECKINRIDGE, phatic and clear manner, thus expressed his views of “But those who hold that the Territorial Legislature this Platform: cannot pass a law prohibiting Slavery, admit that, unless “ The recent legislation of Congress respecting domes the Territorial Legislature pass laws for its protection, tic Slavery, derived, as it has been, from the original Slavery will not go there. Therefore, practically, a and pure fountain of legitimate political power, the will majority of the people represented in the Territorial of the majority, promises, ere long, to allay the dangerLegislature decides the question. Whether they decide ous excitement. This legislation is founded on princiit by prohibiting it, according to the one doctrine, or by ples as ancient as Free government itself, and in accordrefusing to pass laws to protect it, as contended for by ance with them has simply declared that the people of a the other party, is immaterial. The majority of the peo- Territory, like those of a State, shall decide for themple, by the action of the Territorial Legislature, will selues, whether Slavery shall or shall not exist within decide the question, and all must abide the decision when their limits.". made."
Mr. Payne had extracts yet behind of speeches from FROM THE SAME.
Stephens, of Georgia, one of the most distinguished States
men of the South--from Mr. Benjamin, of Louisiana “But if non-intervention þy Congress be the principle Mason, of Virginia-more qualified, he admitted, but that underlies the Compromise of 1850, then the prohibi- still emphatic. The Senator from Delaware, too, Mr. tion of 1820, being inconsistent with that principle, should Bayard, had fully indorsed the doctrine of Popular be removed, and perfect non-intervention thus be estab- Sovereignty. lished by law.
So had Mr. Badger, of North Carolina, and Judge “ Among many misrepresentations sent to the country Butler of South Carolina. Mr. Hunter of Virginia, cerby some of the enemies of this bill, perhaps none is more tainly one of the wisest and purest statesmen which the flagrant, than the charge that it proposes to legislate Democracy now numbers amongst her leaders in the Slavery into Nebraska and Kansas. Sir, if the bill con- land-he, also, says that the people shall have the right tained such a feature it would not receive my vote. The to decide on all questions relating to their domestic right to establish involves the correlative right to prohi- institutions. In his speech, he used these words, almost bit, and, denying both, I would vote for neither." identical with the Platform of the minority:
“The bill provides that the Legislatures of these Ter. FROM THE SAME.
ritories shall have power to legislate over all rightful Upon the distracting question of domestic Slavery, subjects of legislation consistently with the Constitution. their position is clear. The whole power of the Demo- And, if they should assume powers which are thought to cratic organization is pledged to the following proposi- be inconsistent with the Constitution, the Courts will detions: That Congress shall not interpose upon this sub- cide that question whenever it may be rased. There is ject in the States, in the Territories, or in the District of a difference of opinion among the friends of this measure Columbia ; that the people of each Territory shall deter- as to the extent of the limits which the Constitution im. mine the question for themselves, and be admitted into poses upon the Territorial Legislatures. This bill prothe Union upon a footing of perfect equality with the poses to leave these differences to the decision of ine original States, without discrimination on account of the Courts. To that tribunal I am willing to leave this deciallowance or prohibition of Slavery."
sion, as it was once before proposed to be left by the
celebrated Compromise of the Senator from Delaware." FROM A SPEECH BY HON, JAMES L. ORR, OF S. C.
He also read an extract of a similar character from a "Now, I admit that there is a difference of opinion speech by Mr. Toombs, of Georgia, one of the boldest amongst Democrats as to whether this feature of Squat- men on the floor of the American Senate, taking ground ter Sovereignty be in the bill or not. But the great point in favor of non-intervention by Congress. upon which the Democratic party at Cincinnati rested
Need he accumulate these extracts to show that not a was, that the government of the Territories had been single statesman who has figured in Congress, of late transferred from Congress, and, carrying out the spirit years, but has taken this high ground? and genius of our institutions, had been given to the Mr. Samuels, of lowa, presented the followpeople of the Territories."
ing report on behalf of the minority of the FROM A SPEECH BY HON. A. H. STEPHENS, OF GEORGIA, Platform Committee: “The whole question of Slavery or No Slavery was to 1. Resolved, That we, the Democracy of the Union, in be left to the people of the Territories, whether North Convention assembled, hereby declare our affirmance of or South of 36° 30°, or any other line. The question was the resolutions unanimously adopted and declared as a to be taken out of Congress, where it had been impro- platform of principles by the Democratic Convention at perly thrust from the beginning, and to be left to the Cincinnati, in the year 1856, believing that Democratic people concerned in the matter to decide for themselves. principles are unchangeable in their nature, when ap; This, I say, was the position originally held bi :he south plied to the same subject matters; and we recommend when the Missouri Restriction was at first proposed. The as the only further resolutions the following: principle upon which that position rests, lies at the very
Inasmuch as differences of opinion exist in the Demo foundation of all our Republican institutions: it is that cratic Party as to the nature and extent of the powers the citizens of every distinct and separate community of a Territorial Legislature, and as to the powers and or State should have the right to govern themselves in duties of Congress, under the Constitution of the United their domestic matters as they please, and that they states, over the institution of Slavery within the Terri. should be free from intermeddling restriction and tories: arbitrary dictation on such matters, from any other 2. Resolved, That the Democratic Party will abide by Power or Government, in which they have no voice." the decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States
Mr. Payne continued. But for consuming time, he on the questions of Constitutional law. could read for half an hour, to show that every eminent 3. Resowed, That it is the duty of the United States Southern man had held the same opinion on the doctrine to atford ample and complete protection to all its citi. of popular sovereignty. Mr. Payne would read from the Cincinnati Platform zens, whether at home or abroad, and whether native or
foreign. to shov it laid down. All should be familiar
4. Resolved, That one of the necessities of the age, in with it:
a military, commercial, and postal point of view, is “The American Democracy recognize and adopt the speedy communication between the Atlantic and Pacific principles contained in the organic laws, establishing the states; and the Democratic Party pledge such ConstituTerritories of Kansas and Nebraska as embodying the tional Government aid as will insure the construction of only sound and safe solution of the 'Slavery Question'
a railroad to the Pacific coast, at the earliest practicable upon which the great National idea of the People of this
period. whole country can repose in its determined conserva
5. Resowed, That the Democratic party are in favor tism of the Union-non-interference by Congress with of the acquisition of the Island of Cuba, on such terms Slavery in State and Territory, or in the District of as shall be honorable to ourselves and just to Spain. Columbia."
6. Resolved, That the enactments of State Legislatures They nominated Mr. Buchanan on that Platform, to defeat the faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave agreed on by the representatives of every State in the Law, are hostile in character, subversive of the ConstiUnion, as the official record would show. There was not tution, and revolutionary in their effect. one dissenting voice in the whole list of States. In casting the vote of North Carolina, his friend, Mr. Avery,
Gen. Butler, of Massachusetts, again reported
(as a minority) the Cincinnati Platform without of the original resolution proposed by the gentlemas alteration.
from North Carolina. It was evident, even before
Mr. Butler's Platform affirms the Cincinnati of the majority was presented, that it would Platform, and adds a resolution for the protecnot be sustained by the Convention, though the tion of citizens abroad. Free-State majority evinced not only willing- The vote was then taken by States on Mr. Butler's ness but anxiety to conciliate their Southern amendment, with the following result; yeas 105, nays brethren at any sacrifice not absolutely ruinous.
Yeas–Maine, 3; Massachusetts, 8; Connecticut, 2}; The majority of the Convention, confident of New-Jersey, 5; Pennsylvania, 16+ Delaware, 3; Mary their power to reject the majority report, were land, 5t; Virginia, 12+; North Carolina, 10; Georgia, 10; anxious for a vote; but the minority seemed Missouri, 41; Tennessee, 11; Kentucky, 9; Minnesota, determined to stave off definite action for that Nays-Maine, 5; New-Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5; day, and carried their point by a system cur- Massachusetts, 5; "Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 31; rently termed “filibustering,” which would have New-York, 85 ; New-Jersey, 2; Pennsylvania, 104 ; Mary: done no discredit to the House of Representa- Alabama, 9; Louisiana, 6; Mississippi, 1 ; Texas, 4; tives at Washington. The confusion and hub- Arkansas, 4; Missouri
, 41; Tennessee, 1 ; Kentucky, 8; bub which prevailed may be comprehended Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; Michigan, 6; Wiscon. perhaps, by the following extract from the otli- sin, 5; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 27; California, 4–193. cial report of the proceedings :
So the amendment was rejected.
The minority report (that of Mr. Samuels) Mr. Bigler obtained the floor, and desired to suggest was then read, and, after ineffectual attempts to the Convention that, by common consent, and without to table the subject and proceed to a nomina. any further struggle, they should adjourn. (Cries of “I object !” “ I object !")
tion, the vote was taken and the minority Mr. Hunter, of Louisiana.-I appeal to my Democratic report wus adopted as an amendment or substifriends of the South and my Democratie friends from all tute, as follows: parts of the Union---(Cries of “order !" " order !" and the greatest disorder prevailing in the Hall.)
Year-Maine, 8; New Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5• The President--The Chair begs leave, once for all, to Massachusetts, 7 ; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 6 ; Nev. state-and the Chair entreats the Convention to listen to York, 35; New-Jersev, 5; Pennsylvania, 12 ; Maryland, this declaration that it is physically impossible for the 31; Virginia, 1; Missouri, 4; Tennessee, 1 ; Kentucky, Chair to go on in a contest with six hundred men as to 24; Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; Michigan, 6; who shall cry out loudest; and unless the Convention Wisconsin, 5; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 4–165. will come to order, and gentlemen take their places and Nays-Massachusetts, 6; New-Jersey, 2; Pennsylproceed in order, the Chair will feel bound in duty to vania, 15; Delaware, 3; Maryland, 41 ; Virginia, 14; the Convention as well as to himself, to leave the chair. North Carolina, 10 ; South Carolina, 8; Georgia, 10; (Applause.) The Chair will wait to see whether it is pos- Florida, 3; Alabama, 9; Louisiana, 6; Mississippi, 7; sible to have order in the House.
Texas, 4; Arkansas, 4; Missouri, 5; Tennessee, 11 ; Ken. Mr. Samuels, of Iowa, appealed to the Convention to tucky, 94 ; California, 4; Oregon, 3–138. listen to a proposition of Mr. Hunter of Louisiana.
The question was then taken on the adoption The President.--The Chair will entertain no motion until the Convention is restored to order, and when that of the report as amended, the vote being taken is done, the Chair desires to make another suggestion to on each resolution separately, and with the exthe Convention. The Chair has already stated that it is ception of the one pledging the Democratic of the Convention, so long as one-half of the members party to abide by the decisions of the Supreme are upon their feet and engaged in clamor of one sort or Court on the subject of Slavery in the Territoanother. The Chair begs leave to repeat that he knows ries—which was rejected-they were adopted jat one remedy for such disorder, and that is for your by a vote which was nearly unanimous. residing officer to leave the chair. He, of course, rould deeply regret that painful necessity ; but it would
The delegation from Alabama, by its Chaire a less evil than that this incessant confusion and dis- man, then presented a written protest, signed order, presenting such a spectacle to the people of South by all its members, announcing their purpose to able body of so many respectable gentlemen of the high withdraw from the Convention.
They were est standing in the community, engaged in debate and followed by the delegations from Mississippi, deliberation upon the dearest interests of the country. Florida, Texas, all the Louisiana delegation 'Applause.)
except two, all the South Carolina delegation It was finally agreed that the vote should be except three, three of the Arkansas delegation, aken the next day-or rather the following two of the Delaware delegation (including Monday, and the Convention adjourned.
Senator Bayard) and one from North Carolina. On Monday the 30th, the President stated the The order of their withdrawal was as follows: question as follows:
The Convention will remember that, in the first Mr. Walker, of Alabama.-Mr. President, I am in. place, the gentleman from North Carolina (Mr. Avery) structed by the Alabama delegation to submit to this reported the resolutions of the majority of the commit- Convention a communication, and, with your permission, tee. Thereupon the gentleman from Iowa (Mr. Samuels) | I will read it. moved an amendment to these resolutions, by striking TO THE Hon. CALEB CUSHING, out all after the word “resolved," and to insert the President of the Democratic National Concert resolutions proposed by him, in behalf of a portion of tion, now in session in the City of Charleston, minority of the committee. After which, the gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. Butler) moved, in behalf of another portion of the minority committee, to amend the Alabama in this Convention, respectfully beg leave to lay
The undersigned delegates, representing the State of amendment, by striking out all after the word “re before your honorable body the following statements of solved,” and inserting the proposition proposed by him on behalf of that minority. The first question will be, therefore, upon the amendment moved by the gen. party of the State of Alabama met in Convention, in the
On the eleventh day of January, 1860, the Democratic tleman from Massachusetts (Mr. Butler). If that amend- city of Montgomery, and adopted, with singular upani. ment falls, the Convention will then come to a vote upon mity, a series of resolutions herewith submitted: the amendment moved by the gentleman from Iowa (Mr. Samuels). If, however, the amendment of Mr.
1. Resolved by the Democracy of the State of Alabama in ConButler prevails, then that amendment will have taken which they have heretofore amliated and acted with the Na
vention assembled, That holding all issues and principles upon the place of the amendment moved by Mr. Samuels, and tional Democratic Party to be inferior in dignity and impor. the next question will be upon substituting it in the place tance to the great question of Slavery, they content themselves
ALABAMA PROTESTS AND WITHDRAWS.
South Carolina :
with a general re-affirmance of the Cincinnati platform as to spects subject to criticism, we should not have felt our such issues, and also indorse said platform as to Slavery, selves in duty bound to withhold our acquiescence. together with the following resolutions :
But it has been the pleasure of this Convention, by an 2. Resolced further, That we re-affirm so much of the first resolution of the platform adopted in the Convention by the almost exclusive sectional vote, not representing a me Democracy of this State, on the 8th of January, 1836, as | jority of the Democratic electoral vote, to adopt a platrelates to the subject of slavery, to-wit: "The unqualified form which does not, in our opinion, por in the opinion right of the people of the Slaveholding States to the protection of those who urge it, embody in substance the principles of their property in the States, in the Territories, and in the of the Alabama resolutions. That Platform is as follows: wilderness, in which Territorial Governments are as yet unor. ganized."
[Here follow Mr. Samuels' resolutions as adop3. Resolved further, That in order to meet and clear away all
ted. See Platform.] obstacles to a enjoyment this right in the Territories, we re-affirm the principle of the 9th resolution of the Plat
The points of difference between the Northern and form adopted in Convention by the Democracy of this state, on the 14th of February, 1848, to wit : "That it is the duty of Southern Democracy are; the General Government, by all proper legislation, to secure
1st. As regards the status of Slavery as a political in. an entry into those Territories to all the citizens of the United stitution in the Territories whilst they remain Territories, States, together with their property of every description, and and the power of the people of a Territory to exclude it that the same should be protected by the United States while by unfriendly legislation; and the Territories are under its authority"
2d. As regards the duty of the Federal Government to 4. Resolved further, That the Constitution of the United States is a compact between sovereign and co-equal States, united protect the owner of slaves in the enjoyment of his proupon the basis of perfect equality of rights and privileges. perty in the Territories so long as they remain
such. 5. Resolved further, That the Territories of the United States This Convention has refused, by the Platform adopted, are common property, in which the States have equal rights, to settle either of these propositions in favor of the South and to which the citizens of every State may rightfully emi. We deny to the people of a Territory any power to legis. grate, with their slaves or other property recognized as such late against the institution of Slavery; and we assert in any of the States of the Union, or by the Constitution of the that it is the duty of the Federal Government, in all its United States.
6. Resolved further, That the Congress of the United States departments, to protect the owner of slaves in the enjoy. has no power to abolish Slavery in the Territories, or to pro- ment of his property in the Territories. These princi hibit its introduction into any of them.
ples, as we state them, are embodied in the Alabama 7. Resolved further, That the Territorial Legislatures, creat Platform. ed by the legislation of Congress, have no power to abolish Slavery, or to prohibit the introduction of the same, or to im: this Convention and the constituency which we have the
Here, then, is a plain, explicit and direct issue between pair by unfriendly legislation the security and full enjoyment of the same within the Territories; and such constitutional honor to represent in this body. power certainly does not belong to the people of the Territo- Instructed as we are, not to waive this issue, the con. ries in any capacity, before, in the exercise of a lawful authori. tingency, therefore, has arisen, when, in our opinion, it ty, they form a Constitution preparatory, to admission as a becomes our duty to withdraw from this Convention. State into the Union ; and their action, in the exercise of such We beg, sir, to communicate this fact through you, and lawful authority, certainly cannot operate or take effect before to assure the Convention that we do so in no spirit of their actual admission as a State into the Union.
8. Resolved further, That the principles enunciated by Chief anger, but under a sense of imperative obligation, proJustice Taney, in his opinion in the Dred Scott case, deny to perly appreciating its responsibilities and cheerfully subthe Territorial Legislature the power to destroy or impair, by mitting to its consequences. any legislation whatever, the right of property in slaves, and
L. P. WALKER, Chairman, 0. 0. HARPER, maintain it to be the duty of the Federal Government, in all
J. S. LYON,
LEWIS H. CATO, of its departments, to protect the rights of the owner of such
JOHN A. WINSTON,
JNO. W. PORTIS, property in the Territories; and the principles so declared rights of the South, and the South
ROBERT G. SCOTT, are hereby asserted to be
F. G. NORMAN, should maintain them.
A. B. MEEK,
W. C. GUILD, 9. Resolved further, that we hold all of the foregoing propo- J. R. BREARE,
JULIUS C. B. MITCHELL, Ritions to contain cardinal principles-true in themselves-and H. D. SMITH,
W. C. SHERROD, just and proper, and necessary for the safety of all that is
G. G. GRIFFIN, lear to us, and we do hereby instruct our delegates to the
W. L. YANCEY,
J. T. BRADFORD, Charleston Convention to present them for the calm consider
D. W. Baixe,
T. J. BURNETT, ation and approval of that body-from whose justice and
N. H. R. DAWSON, patriotism we anticipate their adoption.
A. G. HENRY, 10. Resolved further, That our delegates to the Charleston
R. M. PATTON,
Wu. M. BROOKS, Convention are hereby expressly instructed to insist that said W. O. MCIVER,
R. CHAPMAN. Convention shall adopt a platform of principles, recogniting distinctly the rights of the South, as asserted in the foregoing
Mr. Walker also presented a resolution to the resolutions; and if the said National Convention shall refuse to adopt, in substance, the propositions embraced in the pre- effect that no other person than the retiring dele. gates to said Convention are hereby positively instructed to gates had any authority to represent Alabama withdraw therefrom.
in the Convention. 11. Resolved further, That our delegates to the Charleston Convention shall cast the vote of Alabama as a unit, and a The Alabama delegation then withdrew from majority of our delegates shall determine how the vote of this the hall. State shall be given. 12. Resolved further, That an Executive Committee, to con
MISSISSIPPI WITHDRAWS. sist of one from each Congressional District, be appointed, whose duty it shall be, in the event that our delegates with Mr. Barry, of Mississippi.-I am instructed by the draw from the Charleston Convention, in obedience to the 10th Mississippi delegation to state that they retire from the resolution, to call a Convention of the Democracy of Alabama Convention with the delegation from Alabama. (Cheers.) to meet at an early day to consider what is best to be done.
They have prepared a protest, which they desire to subUnder these resolutions, the undersigned received their mit, but by accident it is not now here. I desire also to appointment, and participated in the action of this con- state that they have adopted unanimously a resolution vention.
that they are the only delegates—which is uncontestedBy the resolution of instruction, the tenth in the series, and that no one is or shall be authorized to represent we were directed to insist that the platform adopted by them in their absence upon the floor of the Convention. this Convention should embody, " in whole," the proposi- (Cheers.) tions embraced in the preceding resolutions, prior to Mr. Mouton, of Louisiana.-Mr. President, I have bat nominating candidates.
a short communication to make to the Convention. I do Anxious, if possible, to continue our relations with this not do it as an individual. I am authorized to say by Convention, and thus to maintain the nati ality of the the delegates representing Louisiana in this Convention, Democratic party, we agreed to accept, as the substance that they will not participate any longer in the proceed. of the Alabama platform, either of the two reports sub- ings of this Convention. (Cheers.) Heretofore we have mitted to this Convention by the majority of the Commit- been in the habit of saying that the Democracy of the tee on Resolutions—this majority representing not only country was harmonious. (Laughter.). Can we say so a majority of the States of the Union, but also the only to-day with any truth? Are we not divided, and divided States at all likely to be carried by the Democratic party in such a manner that we can never be reconciled, be. in the Presidential election, We beg to make these re-cause we are divided upon principle? Can we agree to ports a part of this communication.
the Platform adopted by the majority of the Convention, [See heretofore the two sets of resolutions re- and then go home to our constituents and put one con 3 rted by Mr. Avery.]
struction on it, while Northern Democrats put another!
No, Mr. President, I think I speak the sentiment of my These reports received the indorsement in the Com- State when I say that she will never play such a pari aittee on Resolutions of every Southern State, and, had (Cheers.) If we are to fight the Black Republicans to either of them been adopted as the platform of principles gether, let us do it with a bold front; let us use the sam: of the Democratic party, although possibly in some re. l arms; let us sustain the same principles. I was willing
this morning, in order to do away with the necessity of Ilves before they will acknowledge the principle which we all these votes, and to ascertain if there was a majority contend for. here ready to impose upon us such & Platform-I was Gentlemen, in such a situation of things in the Conven. willing, myself, that the majority of the Convention should tion of our great party, it is right that we should part, retire and prepare such a Platform as suited them, and Go your way, and we will go ours. The South leaves you to take a yote upon it, and if that Platform did not give -not like Hagar, driven into the wilderness, friendless bus those guarantees which we are entitled to under the and alone-but I tell Southern men here, and for them, I Constitution, then we would have been ready to do what tell the North, that, in less than sixty days, you vrill find We are now doing. The Platforin which the majority of a united South standing side by side with us. (Prolonged this Convention has adopted does not give us those guar- and enthusiastic cheering) antees which we are entitled to for the protection of our
We stand firm and immovable, and while we respect property in the Territories. We wish to wear no two faces you, we must respect ourselves. And, gentlemen, let me in this contest. We wish to meet the Black Republicans say to you of the North now, that the time may come with their abominable doctrines boldly; and if our friends, when you will need us more than we need you. I speak the Democrats from the Free States, cannot join us and to those who represent the green hills of New England;" fight with us, we must fight our own battle. We are ready I speak to the "imperial center " of the Union. There to meet the issue made by the Black Republicans like slumbers in your midst a latent spark-not of political men, but we shall battle for what we conceive to be the sectionalism, but of social discord-which may yet retruth, and not for profit. For these reasons, I am autho-quire the conservative principles of the South to save rized by my delegation to announce that they withdraw your region of country from anarchy and confusion. from the Convention. At the same time, I should state We need not your protection. The power of the Black the fact that two of the delegation do not join us in this Republicans is nothing to us. We are safe in our own movement. (Loud cheers.) At the same time, I should strength and security, so long as we maintain our rights. state that those who sent us here instructed us to vote as Gentlemen, I have detained you too long. I ask, in a unit, and we contend, therefore, that we are entitled to conclusion, that the few words which are here writtengive the whole vote of the State, and that no one else is words of courtesy, but words of truth so far as my glorientitled to give it or to divide it.
ous State is concerned---may be read in your hearing. Mr. Mouton made some additional remarks, Mr. Mathews, of Mississippi, then read the but owing to the confusion which prevailed in following document. the hall, the reporter was unable to hear them. To the President of the Democratic Convention : Mr. Glenn, of Mississippi.—Mr. President and gentle
SIR: As Chairman of the delegation, which has the men of this convention: For the first time, for the only honor to represent the State of Mississippi upon this time, for the last time, in the name of the State that I foor, I desire to be heard by you and by the Convention. have the honor in part to represent here, I desire to say In common consultation we have met here, the repre. but a few words to this Convention. I hold in my hand sentatives of sister States, to resolve the principles of a the solemn act of her delegation upon this floor, and I great party. While maintaining principles, we profess say to you, gentlemen, that it is not a hasty action; that no spirit save that of harmony, conciliation, the success it is not one conceived in passion, or carried out in caprice of our party, and the safety of our organization. But to or disappointment. It is the firm resolve of the great the former the latter must yield—for no organization is body of the people whom we represent, which was ex valuable without it, and no success is honorable which pressed in the Convention that sent us here, and that re: does not crown it. solve, that people, and we, their representatives, will
We came here simply asking a recognition of the equal maintain at all cost and at all hazards. (Loud cheers.), rights of our State under the laws and
Constitution of our We came here not to dictate to the representatives of common Government; that our right to property should other sovereign States. Since we have been here, our in- be asserted, and the protection of that property, when tercourse has been courteous so far as personalities are necessary, should be yielded by the Government which concerned. We have all sought, and I believe have all claims our allegiance. We had regarded government been able, to conduct ourselves as gentlemen. But we did and protection as correlative ideas, and that so long as not come here to exercise the courtesies of life alone. the one was maintained the other still endured. We came to settle the principles upon which our party
After a deliberation of many days, it has been an. must rest and must stand. We came here, gentlemen of nounced to us by a controlling majority of Representathe North, not to ask you to adopt a principle which you tives of nearly one-half the States of this Union, and that could say was opposed to your consciences and to your too, in the most solemn and impressive manner, that our principles. We did not believe it to be so. We came as demand cannot be met and our rights cannot be recog. equal members of a common confederacy, simply to ask nized. While it is granted that the capacity of the you to acknowledge our equal rights within that confede- Federal Government is ample to protect all other pro. racy. (Cheers.) Sir, at Cincinnati we adopted a Plat-perty within its jurisdiction, it is claimed to be impotent form on which we all agreed. Now answer me, ye men when called upon to act in favor of a species of property of the North, of the East, of the South, and of the West, recognized in fifteen sovereign States. Within those what was the construction placed upon that Platform in States, even Black Republicans admit it to be guaranteed different sections of the Union ! You at the Wesť said it by the Constitution, and to be only assailed by a Higher meant one thing, we of the South said it meant another. Law; without them, they claim the power to prohibit or Either we were right or you were right; we were wrong | destroy it. The controling majority of Northern repre. or you were wrong. We came here to ask you which was sentatives on this floor, while they deny all power to right and which was wrong. You have maintained your destroy, equally deny all power to protect; and this, they position. You say that you cannot give us an acknow- assure us, is, and must, and shall be the condition of our ledgment of that right, which I tell you here now, in coöperation in the next Presidential election. coming time will be your only safety in your contests
In this state of affairs, our duty is plain and obvious. with the Black Republicans of Ohio and of the North. The State which sert us here, announced to us her prin(Cheers.)
ciples. In common with seventeen of her sister States, Why, sir, turn back to the history of your own leading she has asked a recognition of her Constitutional rights. men. There sits a distinguished gentleman, (Hon. Charles These have been plainly and explicitly denied to her. L. Stuart, of Michigan,) once a representative of one of We have offered to yield everything except an abandonthe sovereign States of the Union in the Senate, who ment of her rights-everything except her honor-and then voted that Congress had the constitutional power to it has availed us nothing. pass the Wilmot Proviso, and to exclude Slavery from the As the Representatives of Mississippi, knowing her Territories; and now, when the Supreme Court has said wishes-as honorable men, regarding her commands-we that it has not that power, he comes forward and tells withdraw from the Convention, and, as far as our action Mississippians that that same Congress is impotent to is concerned, absolve her from all connection with this protect that same species of property. There sits my body, and all responsibility for its action. distinguished friend, the Senator from Ohio, (Mr. Pugh,) To you, sir, as presiding officer of the Convention while who, but a few nights since, told us from that stand that it has existed in its integrity, we desire, collectively as & if a Territorial Government totally misused their powers delegation, and individually as men, to tender the highest or abused them, Congress could wipe out that Territorial assurances of our profound respect and consideration. Government altogether. And yet, when we come here Signed : D. C. Glen, Chairman of the Mississippi dele. and ask him to give us protection in case that Territorial gation; George H. Gordon, James Drone, Beverly Government robs us of our property and strikes the star Mathews, J. T. Simms, Joseph R. Davis, W. S. Wilson, which answers to the name of Mississippi from the flag of Isaac Enloe, Charles Edward Hooker, W. H. H. T'ison, the Union, so far as the Constitution gives her protection, Ethelbert Barksdale, W. 8. Barry, J. M. Thomson. he tells us, with his hand upon his heart-as Gov, Payne, of Ohio, had befure done that they will part with their
Mr. Mathews then announced that a meeting
of all those who sympathized with them in this received amongst you, and which we have returned with movement would be held at 8 o'clock this even the kindest feelings of our hearts. We part from you
without any unkind feeling. We respect you as gentle. ing, in St. Andrew's Hall.
men, but differing, as we do, upon principles vital to our The Mississippi delegation then withdrew from most sacred interests, in the same spirit of wisdom and the Convention.
affection which caused Abraham and Lot to pass on, ons in one direction and the other in a different one, we bid
you a most respectful adieu. (Loud cheers.) One more SOUTH CAROLINA WITHDRAWS.
remark, and I have done. The delegation from the State The Hon. James Simons, of South Carolina.-Mr. Pre- of Florida has unanimously passed a resolution that no sident, I am directed by the delegation from South Caro- one is authorized, when we shall retire, to represent lina respectfully to present the following document. Florida in this Convention. I confess, in all frankness, TO THE Hon. CALEB COSHING,
that I deem the resolution wholly unnecessary, because
I believe there is too high a sense of honor amongst gen. President of the Charleston Convention :
tlemen here from the North, and the East, and the West, We, the undersigned Delegates appointed by the Demo-to permit any man to skulk in here to represent Florida. cratic State Convention of South Carolina, beg leave re- Mr. Eppes, of Florida, then read the following protestaspectfully to state that, according to the principles enunci- tion : ated in their Platform at Columbia, the power, either of TO THE HON. CALEB CUSHING, the Federal Government or of its agent, the Territorial Government, to abolish or legislate against property
President of the Democratic National Convention: in slaves, by either direct or indirect legislation, is especi- The undersigned, Democratic delegates from the State ally denied; and as the Platform adopted by the Conven- of Florida, enter this their solemn protest against the tion palpably, and intentionally prevents any expression action of the Convention in voting down the Platform of affirming the incapacity of the Territorial Government so the majority. to legislate, that they would not be acting in good faith to Florida, with her Southern sisters, is entitled to a clear their principles, or in accordance with the wishes of their and unambiguous recognition of her rights in the Terri. constituents, to longer remain in this Convention, and tories, and this being refused by the rejection of the they hereby respectfully announce their withdrawal there- majority report, we protest against receiving the Cincinfrom,
nati Platform with the interpretation that it favors the JAMES SIMONS,
Thos. Y. SIMONS,
doctrine of Squatter Sovereignty in the Territories S. McGowan,
which doctrine, in the name of the people represented by B. H. WILSON,
B. H. BROWN,
us, we repudiate. R. B. BOYLSTON,
J. A. METTS,
T. J. Eppes, B. F. Wardlaw, John Milton, J. B. Owens, JAS. H. WITHERSPOON,
JOHN S. PRESTON,
C. F. Dyke, delegates from Florida. E. W. CHARLES,
FRANKLAND GAILLARD. The delegates from Florida, before retiring, have G. N. REYNOLDS, Jr.
unanimously adopted the following Resolution :
Resolood, That no person, not a regularly appointed The reading of this paper was greeted with delegate, has a right to cast the vote of the State of frequent bursts of most enthusiastic cheering Florida in this Convention. on the floor and in the galleries.
John Milton, Chairman of Delegation. I am further instructed to say, that the communication
TEXAS WITHDRAWS is signed by all the delegation but three members.
Mr. Bryan, of Texas, who was received with loud chers, The South Carolina delegation then withdrew said : Mr. President and gentlemen of the Convention from the Convention amidst loud cheering. Texas, through her delegates on this floor, on the land of
Calhoun, where “truth, justice and the Constitution" FLORIDA RETIRES.
was proclaimed to the South, says to the South-this day
you stand erect. (Loud cheers.) Whilst we deprecate Mr. Milton, of Florida.-Mr. President: Representing the necessity which calls for our parting with the dele. the State of Florida, it is with feelings of sadness that I gates from the other States of this Confederacy, yet it is present myself before you to bid adieu to the men of
an event that we, personally, have long looked to. Edutalent and men of high and noble feelings from the North cated in a Northern College, I there first learned that and West, who have met us here upon this occasion. there was a North and a South; there were two literary But differences have arisen between us which, as honor. Societies, one Northern and the other Southern. In the able men, we cannot adjust. It has been asked, time and churches, the Methodist Church, the Baptist Church, the again, why we should invite gentlemen from the North- Presbyterian Church, are North and South. Gentlemen west, the North and the East, to come and occupy higher of the North and Northwest, God grant that there may ground than we did when we stood together and be but one Democratic party! It depends upon your triumphed on the Cincinnati Platform? Since that time, action, when you leave here, whether it shall be so. Give gentlemen, according to your own report, a mighty not aid and comfort to the Black Republican hosts; but power has arisen in your midst, deriving much of its say to the South,“ You are our equals in this Confederacy, strength and support from the Democrats of the North. and your lives, your persons and property, equally with I allude to the Black Republican party—a party which those of the Northern States, are protected by the Con. promulgates to the country that they have a higher law, stitution of the Federal Union." What is it that we, the a law known only to themselves-I hope not known to
Southern Democrats, are asking you to acknowledge ? you-but superior to the Constitution. And, gentlemen, Analyze it and see the meaning
; and it is this that we let me tell you that we came here expecting to be met will not ask quite as much of you as the Black Republi: hand in hand, and heart in heart, and to have formed a
cans, and if you only grant what we ask, we can fight line shoulder to shoulder with you to drive back this them. We blame you not if you really hold these opinions, swelling tide of fanaticism. Bit, gentlemen, how have but declare them openly, and let us separate, as did we been met by you? I am proud to say that we have Abraham and Lot. I have been requested to read this been met with high-toned generosity by Oregon and Cali- protest on the part of the delegates from Texas, and to fornia. (Cheers.) I am proud to say that supporters of | ask the courtesy of the Convention that it be spread upon our claim for equal rights have boldly presented them the minutes of its proceedings. selves from the good old State of Pennsylvania. (Cheers.) While we have entertained great respect for your talent Hon, CALEB CUSHING, and integrity, yet we bid adieu to you of the Northwest without so much feeling of regret, as you have hardened
President of the Democratic National Convention: your hearts and stiffened your necks against the rights of The undersigned, delegates from the State of Texas, the South. (Cheers and laughter.) But, we say to you, would respectfully protest against the late action of this gentlemen from Oregon and California, and Pennsylvania Convention, in refusing to adopt the report of the majority and other States, who have come forward with the hand of the Committee on Resolutions, which operates as the of fellow-lip, that we part from you with feelings of virtual adoption of principles affirming doctrines in oppo; heartfelt sorrow.
sition to the decision of the Supreme Court in the Dred Mr. Randall, of Pennsylvania.-And New-Jersey. Scott case, and in conflict with the Federal Constitutio ,
Mr. Milton.--I did not forget New-Jersey, nor could I and especially opposed to the platform of the Democratic forget Massachusetts. My remark was general. Where- party of Texas, which declares : ever and whenever a gentlemen from the North, the 1st. That the Democratic party of the State of Texas East or the West, has had the manliness to rise up and reaffirm and concur in the principles contained in the vindicate our rights, our hearts have been at his com- platform of the National Democratic Convention, held at mand. (Cheers.)
Cincinnati in June, 1856, as a true expression of political We thank you, gentlemen, for the courtosies we have faith and opinion, and herewith reassert and set forth tha