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hours rolled on, until the last hope which would render holding out imof seasonable relief had all but faded possible. into the deadly stupor of blank de- That evening, Gardner summoned spair.

a council of his six highest subordiAnd still the besiegers worked on; nates, who unanimously decided that losing some men daily by cannon- the place must be surrendered. balls and the more deadly Minié Thereupon, he opened communicabullet of the sharp-shooter, but gain- tion with Banks, asking if the news ing ground foot by foot, until our shouted across the lines was authensaps on the right had been pushed tic. Banks, in reply, inclosed him up to the very line of the defenses ; Gen. Grant's letter, announcing the while on our left a mine had been surrender; whereupon, Gardner apprepared for a charge of thirty bar- plied for a cessation of hostilities, rels of powder, where its explosion with a view to negotiations as to must have caused the destruction of terms. This was declined. The "the Citadel.

Rebel commander then averred his Even had the garrison been full willingness to surrender on condifed and in healthy vigor, they tions; when conferees were appointed could not have held the place a on either side, and terms of capitulaweek longer, unless by successful sal- tion finally agreed *“ upon, whereby lies that virtually raised the siege; the garrison became prisoners of whereas, they were utterly exhausted, war; our forces entering and taking debilitated, and worn out by famine, formal possession next morning; overwork, and lack of sleep; until when thousands of the victors and the hospitals were crowded with the vanquished met and fraternized them, and not half their number rather as friends who had been temcould have stood up to fight through porarily estranged, than as enemies a day's earnest battle.

so lately confronted in mortal strife. Suddenly, our batteries and gun- Gen. Banks does not report his boats shook 34 the heavens with one aggregate loss in this siege ; but it tremendous salute, while cheer upon can hardly have fallen short, in the cheer rose from behind our works, entire 45 days, of 3,000 men; inrolling from the gunboats above to cluding, beside those already named, those below the defenses, and back Cols. Bean, 4th Wisc., Holcomb, 1st again, in billows of unmistakable La., Smith, 160th N. Y. (Zouaves), exultation. It was not the glorious Lt.-Cols. Lowell, 8th N. H., Rodman, Fourth,' but two days after it; and 38th Mass., and other valued offithe sinking hearts of the besieged cers. Brig.-Gen. Paine was wounded anticipated the tidings before our in the assault of June 14th. Banks men shouted across to them, “VICKS- says the Rebels admitted a loss durBURG HAS SURRENDERED !” No one ing the siege of 610 only; but he is needed to be told that, if that was confident that it could not have been the truth, further resistance was less than 800 to 1,000; as he found folly — that rëenforcements would 500 wounded in the hospitalsmost soon be steaming down the river of them severely in the head, by the 34 July 6.

95 July 8.

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TAYLOR CAPTURES BRASHEAR CITY. 337 bullets of our sharp-shooters. His willing contrabands were there to prisoners captured in the Port (the dig them; no mustering and drilling sick and wounded inclusive) were of the hundreds of idle convalescents 6,408, of whom 455 were officers; in the hospital camps, awaiting orwhile his own force that day was ders to rejoin their regiments; and less than 10,000 men. His captures, when at length word came that the during the campaign so gloriously Rebels had struck our line of comterminated, he states at 10,584 men, munication and supply at Lafourche, 73 guns, 6,000 small arms, beside 3 well toward New Orleans, Stickney gunboats, 8 other steamboats, and hurried down, with most of his effeccotton, cattle, &c., &c., to an im- tives, to its defense. The enemy mense value.

easily swept over Thibodeaux, Terre

Bonne, and Bayou Boeuf, capturing Gen. Banks's sudden withdrawal our few men stationed at each post; from Alexandria and the Red river, while a cooperating force, under and the employment of nearly all his Gens. Mouton and Green, suddenly disposable force in the siege of Port appeared 97 amid the ruins of BerHudson, necessarily proffered oppor- wick, threatening Brashear, which tunities which Dick Taylor was on was held by a sick Colonel and a the alert to improve. Collecting in motley garrison, without organization Upper Louisiana a force of some or discipline; who had hardly begun thousands, including several regi- to fight when a charge was made on ments, mainly of cavalry, from Tex- their rear by Major Hunter, with as, he, early in June, rëoccupied 325 Texans, who had crossed the Alexandria and Opelousas; moving bayou in row-boats during the prethence rapidly down the Atchafalaya, ceding night, and, working their way as if making directly for New Or- through swamps which were on our leans. His approach appeared to side supposed impassable, were ready have been made known to our offi- to rush in at the opportune moment, cers at the front only by vague rumors, while Col. Majors, from the direction often circulated on purpose to mis- of Lafourche, barred all egress to or lead; but our advanced posts were rëenforcement from our rear. Fort drawn back across the Atchafalaya to Buchanan, mounting ten heavy guns, Brashear; Berwick, just across the was formidable in front or toward the bayou, having been needlessly, there- bayou only: it could not fire a shot fore culpably, bombarded and ulti- eastward; and, in a few minutes, it mately burned ** by a Mr. Ryder, in was stormed and carried by the ragcommand of our only gunboat in the ged Texans, who had easily disposed bayou. There was abundance of fuss of the infantry mob behind it. Ryand aimless activity, but no real der, with his gunboat, made all haste preparation at Brashear, whither Lt.- to run away; affording a fresh proof Col. Stickney had been recently sent that Vandals are almost always cowover by Gen. Emory, at New Orleans, ards. It was still early morning to take command: there were no in- when Taylor, Mouton, and Green, as trenchments, though thousands of well as Hunter, were in Brashear, 30 June 19.

37 June 22. VOL. II.--22

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which we had shamefully lost, with | Donaldsonville by assault; but Farnearly 1,000 prisoners, a strong fort, ragut had been seasonably apprised 10 heavy guns, many small arms, and of his intention, and had sent thither tents, equipments, supplies, valued the Princess Royal, Kineo, and Wiby the enemy at $6,000,000, and pos- nona; which, cooperating with the sibly worth to us $2,000,000. Thou- little garrison (225) of the 28th Maine, sands of negroes, liberated by Banks's Maj. Bullen, tore the assaulting coltriumphant advance to Alexandria, umn with their shells, and soon put were reduced by this and our kindred the Rebels to flight, with a loss of 200 reverses to a harsher slavery than killed and wounded, and 124 prisonthat from which they had so recently ers. Among their killed was Col. been delivered.

. Phillips. The road to New Orleans 38-at Pollard reports another fight,41 six least, to Algiers, its western suburb- miles from Donaldsonville, between was now open; for Lafourche had | 1,200 Texans, under Green, and “the been evacuated by Stickney after a enemy, over 4,000 strong;" wherein gallant defense by the 47th Massa- we were beaten, with a loss of 500 chusetts, in which they had repulsed killed and wounded, 300 prisoners, 3 two assaults; but Taylor was too guns, many small arms, and the flag weak to make the great venture. If of a New York regiment. Banks's he had, as is asserted, but 4,000 men report is silent with regard to this at Brashear and between it and La- fight; yet it seems that a collision fourche, he could not have assailed | actually took place; the forces on our New Orleans with more than double side being commanded by Gen. Dudthat number at most; and, so long ley, and our loss considerable-450 as Farragut held the mastery of the killed and wounded, with two guns, river, this was not enough even to says a newspaper report. The affair compel Banks to raise the siege of can not have been creditable to the Port Hudson."

Union side, or it would not have been Moving north instead of east; so completely hushed up. Taylor's van, under Green, menaced Gen. Banks's force in the field Donaldsonville, while a small force having been rendered disposable by of Texans, raiding into Plaquemine, the fall of Port Hudson, Taylor and burned two steamboats lying there, his subordinates made haste to abanand took 68 convalescents prisoners; don the country east of the Atchafabut were soon shelled out by the laya; evacuating 42 Brashear City just gunboat Winona.

one month after its capture; but not Green next attempted 40 to carry till they had carefully stripped it of 38 The Louisiana Democrat (Alexandria, July now has his choice, to lose New Orleans or to 1) has a magnifying Rebel letter from one en- | abandon his operations against Port Hudson, gaged in the capture of Brashear, who claims

and retire with his beaten and demoralized army

into that city." for that post an importance hardly second to Vicksburg, numbers 1,800 prisoners and 6,000 :39 Banks says that barely 400 of our men at negroes among the spoils, and adds:

one time held New Orleans; but the river and .." This brilliant campaign of Gen. Taylor has the feet, with his army not far away, were its another great object in view, and one of vast | main defenses. importance, namely: A diversion to force the enemy to raise the siege of Port Hudson. He 40 June 28, 1 A. M. 41 July 12. 43.July 22.

VI

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FRANKLIN'S FAILURE AT SABINE PASS. 339 every thing of value that was either | rectly upon them with the gunboats, movable or combustible,

after having been 24 hours in sight, Gen. Banks now united with Gen. so as to give the Rebels ample warnGrant in urging an immediate com- ing of their peril. . bined movement upon Mobile; but The result proved this a foolharthe suggestion was overruled at dy procedure. The gunboats were Washington, in deference to the ur-old merchant steamers, of inferior gent representations of Texan refu- strength; their guns were of modegees; and Gen. B. directed to op-rate caliber, and made no impression erate against Texas. He was advised on the Rebel works; while several of that a movement by the Red river them soon grounded in the shallow on Natchitoches or Shreveport was water of the Pass, where they were deemed most feasible, but was au- exposed to certain destruction by the thorized to act as his own judgment fire of the batteries, and were soon should dictate. Deeming the route torn to pieces; when Crocker surrensuggested impracticable at that sea- dered the Clifton, as Lt. Johnson did son, he decided to demonstrate by the Sachem; each having been quickway of the Sabine, with Houston as ly disabled by a shot through her his objective point. Accordingly, an boiler-Franklin thus achieving the expedition, including a land force of distinction of being the first Ameri4,000 men, was fitted out at New can General [for Renshaw was not Orleans, and dispatched"4 to the Sa- a General] who managed to lose a bine, under command of Maj.-Gen. fleet in a contest with land batteries Franklin; the naval force, detailed alone. The Arizona grounded, and by Admiral Farragut, consisting of had her engine disabled; but was the gunboats Clifton, Sachem, Ari- kedged off with difficulty at midzona, and Granite City, under com- night, having received no damage. mand of Lt. Fred. Crocker. Banks She was, in fact, of too heavy draft gave Franklin written instructions to run fairly abreast of the batteries to debark his troops 10 or 12 miles at least, to maneuver there with below Sabine Pass; thence moving safety. Crocker and Johnson fought rapidly on the Rebel defenses, unless their vessels bravely and well; but a naval reconnoissance should prove they were light-draft boats, utterly those works unoccupied, or so weak unfit to assail such batteries, and that they could be easily and prompt- should not have been impelled to ly reduced by bombardment.

their certain destruction. Our loss Decently managed, this movement in this affair, beside the two boats could not have miscarried. The and their 15 heavy rifled guns, troops were abundant and efficient; was 50 killed and wounded, beside the weather fine; the sea smooth; 200 prisoners—in all, just about equal and the enemy unwarned of the to the whole number of Rebels enpoint of attack. But Franklin and gaged; of whom (says Pollard) “not Crocker decided to take the works at a man was lost on our side, nor a once by a naval attack; and, with gun injured.” out landing the troops, moved os di- Franklin had still his 4,000 sol48 Aug. 12; by dispatch received Aug. 27.

44 Sept. 5.

45 Sept. 8, 3 P. M.

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diers, with his transports and two re- concerning Texas but that of a mamaining gunboats; while there were rine expedition; which was accordnot Rebel soldiers enough within a ingly resolved on. day's ride to have brought to a halt Meantime, a considerable force had one of his regiments, properly led. been sent, under Gen. F. J. Herron, Dick Taylor's force, such as it was, to Morganzia, opposite but above was far away; Houston, flanking Port Hudson, where the Rebels had Galveston, was but 40 miles distant; a vicious habit of taking advantage Gen. Washburne was at Brashear, of the narrowness and crookedness with a force equal to Franklin's, of the Mississippi to "bushwhack' ready to cooperate in the purposed our passing vessels. No resistance advance, in case the latter had taken being here encountered, an outpost these poor earthworks, defended by a had been established several miles captain 48 and 250 men, and sent back inland, consisting of the 19th Iowa his transports for rëenforcements. and 26th Indiana, with two guns, Instead of taking them, however, or under Lt. Col. Leake, with 150 caveven trying, Franklin-finding no alry, under Major Montgomery-in place to land where he might not get all, some 600 to 800 strong. Though his feet wet-slunk meekly back to it was known that Green, with a far New Orleans; 47 leaving the Texans stronger Rebel force, was in their to exult, very fairly, over a fruitful front across the Atchafalaya, no provictory gained against odds of at least per vigilance was exercised; and, twenty to one. . .

three weeks after this outpost had Gen. Banks now concentrated his been established, it was surprised *by disposable forces on the Atchafalaya, Green, who, with a far superior force, with intent to advance directly upon crossed the bayou during a dark Shreveport; but found this utterly night, surrounded our camp, and impracticable. The country west captured our guns and most of our and north-west of Brashear had been infantry--not less than 400, incluso exhausted by the armies that had ding Leake and Lt.-Col. Rose. The successively occupied it that no food cavalry escaped with a loss of five and little forage was to be gleaned men. We had 14 killed and 40 from it; an intense drouth now pre- wounded. Gen. N. J. T. Dana had vailed all over that flat region; where, just succeeded Herron in command though bayous abound, living springs at Morganzia. and brooks of drinkable water are In order to mask his intended scarce; the roads were few and very movement on Texas by sea, Gen. bad, often winding for miles through Banks now pushed out a consideradense forests; and it was not possi- ble force, under Gen. C. C. Washble to transport by wagons all the burne, to Opelousas, which was reachfood and forage needed by an army ed without a conflict; but, when strong enough to overcome all proba- Washburne commenced o his retreat ble resistance. No course seemed to the Teche, pursuant to orders, the open for a fulfillment of the desires Rebels, under Taylor and Green, and expectations of the Government followed sharply on his track, and, 40 F. A. Odlum. 47 Arriving Sept. 11.

48 Sept. 30.

49 Nov. 1.

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