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Messrs. Perry, Austin and Hutchins were Resolved, That since our educational agencies, chosen a committee for the purpose above refer- notwithstanding any defect, are rearing an inred to.

quiring, thinking, and reading people, the neMr. Austin presented the following resolutions cessity is becoming daily more apparent, and the in relation to Evening Schools, which he prefac- duty and sound policy becoming more and more ed with brief remarks:

apparent, of furnishing for the universal people Whereas, This Institute regards with deep in- a full supply of reading at once safe and useful, terest every movement tending to elevate the entertaining and elevating. standard of education amongst us, or to diffuse That, therefore, we recommend to the early atmore widely the blessings of knowledge, and tention of our fellow citizens the establishment whereas this higher standard and this wider dif- | in each of their several villages, towns and citfusion are not only compatible with each other, lies, or wards, a Free Public Library. but have a vital connection and mutual depend | Mr. Stone moved the adoption of the resoluence, and whereas there are within the limits of tions. He adverted to the humble beginning of our little state many thousands whose circum- evening schools among us, and the efforts of a stances preclude their enjoyment of the advan- few who labored persistently to bring them up to tages afforded by our excellent public school sys- a point at which they would be looked upon with tem, therefore

| public favor. With us, they were no longer an Resolved, That in reiterating and re-indorsing experiment, but a success. In the present conat this time the resolutions adopted by this In- dition of society they were vitally necessary, as stitute at its annual session in 1855, in favor of means of furnishing education to large numbers evening schools in our cities and manufacturing cut off from other sources of intellectual culture. villages, for such as cannot attend the day | In our cities and large tuwns their beneficent inschools, we have reason to believe that these fluence was three-fold, intellectual, moral and humble auxiliaries are already, by their quiet social. They not only educated the intellect, but yet potent influence, strongly recommending they were nurseries of order and self-respect. themselves to the public favor.

The quiet condition of our streets during the Resolved, That we observe with pleasure the evenings of the present winter was a striking large and annually increasing attendance at the commentary on the value of the eight schools Providence night schools; that we regard the now in operation. The recommendation of a eminent success of the experiment in that city free public library, as a counter influence to the as amply repaying the most liberal appropria- demoralizing reading now so abundantly at the tions for them, as furnishing for the present an command of the young, he approved. Several economical and judicious investment, and as years ago, in one of his annual reports, he had promising in the future the most abundant harvest made similar recommendation,

Resolved, That we recognize among our Rhode After remarks by Messrs. Leach, Austin, and Island manufacturers a higher appreciation than several other gentlemen, the resolutions were ever before, of the truth that the most intelli- unanimously adopted. gent is the cheapest labor; that the present mit! Mr. Austin also presented the following resoigation of labor in many of the factory villages, | lutions, which passed unanimously : by affording to the operatives an unusual amount Resolved, That in severing the agreeable conof time for mental improvement, presents spe- nection that for several years past has subsisted cial inducements for them and their employers between the members of this Institution and our to cooperate in the establishment of these hum- late State School Commissioner, Rev. Robert ble agencies for “weaving the warp and weav- Allyn, we tender him our best wishes for his pering the woof” for fabrics at once the most deli- sonal and professional success, trusting that in cate and enduring.

This present sphere of duty the result of his la

bors may correspond to the value of his services ERRATA.-B. W. M. informs us that the word amongst us.

“because,” in the fourth verse of the third stanResolsed, That we welcome the present State za, on page 355 of our last number, should have Commissioner of Public Schools, John Kings- read “become.” bury, LL. D., to the responsibilities and labors J. W. 0. calls our attention to an error in his of his important trust; that we rely with confi- article in this number. On page 9, near the foot dence on his faithful administration of its duties, of the first column, the proper name “ Land” and tnat we pledge him our hearty cooperation should read “Laud.” It occurs twice. in his efforts to improve and elevate our schools, Page 15, in this number, second column, the and to promote the cause of education in our last line in the last stanza, "multabile,read commonwealth.

mutabile. After some miscellaneous conversation, the meeting adjourned.—Providence Daily Journal. Bound Volumes.-We have on hand a large

number of volumes 1, 2 and 3, bound, and we

offer them at a very low price to induce our new THE AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL Year Book

subscribers to take them from the beginning. is now published, and will be supplied on appli

The bin ing has cost us $25 per hundred, and cation to this office, or by letter to the editor. It contains 252 pages of matter, highly interesting

we wish to get repaid for the outlay of binding.

We shall not save so many for binding this year, to teachers and of great value to all who are in

and consequently cannot sell the fourth volume terested in the educational progress of our coun

bound at so low a price. try. It gives a full account of the national and state educational institutious and associations,

North CAROLINA JOURNAL OF EDUCATION.of the colleges and professional schools, the sem

January, 1858. Vol. 1; No. 1. Greensboro. inaries and academies, and the public school

$2.00 a year. The initial number of this new systems of each state, with the names and sal

journal we are permitted to welcome to the brotharies of the teachers as far as practicable.

erhood. It is neatly printed on good paper, and Teachers, send for it. Price, at the office, 63

its contents are interesting and valuable. cents, or when sent by mail, postage paid, 72 cts. The leading article "Objects and Character

of this Journal,”—by Rev. C. H. Wiley, Super. OUR CONTRIBUTORS.—We are happy to ac- intendent of Common Schools of the State, is knowledge the receipt of more articles of value straight-forward, manly and valuable. than we are able to publish this month. This is | We are glad to welcome such a journal from that as it should be. Our correspondents are improv- section of our confederacy. It shows us that X. ing. A good article will keep, and we can afford Carolina is in advance of some of her neighbor to wait for it.

states. We hope the teachers of North Carolins Several valuable communications lie over for will sustain this, their journal, liberally. next month. Some of our "fireside" friends send in the answers to enigmas too late. Be a little

HARPER'S MAGAZINE for February has three more prompt, young friends, and your answers

finely illustrated articles, viz: An American in will appear. Try the enigma in this number.

Constantinople ; Livingstone's Travels in South

Africa; and A Culinary Campaign. The Editor's The High School Magazine, issued by the

Drawer contains some capital after-dinner readEnglish and Scientific Department of the Boys'.

ing for dyspeptics. We have not received the High School, Providence. Volume 1. No. 1.

March number. March, 1858. A magazine of 24 pages, filled with original articles, which are very creditable NOTICES of magazines unavoidably lie over for to the authors and to the school.

our next.



For the Schoolmaster.

Answers to “Mathematical Questions” in For the Schoolmaster.

the December Number. Discussion of “Tunnel Problem" in December Number.

4. Given x2+xy=8 and x2+y=6.

Subtracting the second equation from the The direction in which water tends to rotate

2 in a tunnel can be determined by reference to first, gives xy-y=2 or y= — The second well-known natural laws, although, on account of many disturbing causes, no uniformity is ob- gives y=6–12. Hence — =6–12, and (1),-13servable in practice. The principles upon which the theory is founded are the same as those +22+62—8=0. By factoring we have (2—2) which govern the direction of rotatory winds, and (-2+4)=0. Hence x_2=0, and x=2, or are as follows :

-11 (17)

1-2-3+4=1, and x=At all points north of the equator the fluid from the north side of the whirl in approaching the Each of these values of x will satisfy equation centre of rotation falls back towards the west, (1), but as the last two give contradictory values because it has not yet acquired the increased ro- of y in the original equations, they must be retatory velocity of the earth at the centre of the jected. Substituting the first gives y=2. whirl ; while the fluid from the south in ap- 5. Let 4x= base, and 3x= altitude. proaching the centre, advances towards the east, | There will (4x)2+(3x)2=352, or 25x2=352 and because it has not yet lost the greater rotatory ve- 5x=7. Hence base =28 feet, and altitude =21 locity of the earth at the point from which it feet, and the area equals 14 times 21 ft.=294 ft. came. These two oblique forces, the one south

6. Let a=base. Then since the area is 240 westerly the other north-easterly, determine the

480 direction of rotation towards the left, or in the feet, the altitude must equal — and since the opposite direction to the hands of a watch. In

rin perimeter is 80 feet, the hypothenuse must equal accordance with this theory all atmospheric perimeter is whirls in the northern hemisphere rotate towards 480


( 4802

| 80%- -. Hence (80—- —2)2=X2+1 the left.

It is obvious that the same principles deter Developing and reducing gives 22-46x=4480. mine the direction of rotation in the southern Hence I=23+7=30 or 16, from which we find hemisphere to be towards the right, and all ob- the altitude to be 16 or 30, and the hypothenuse servations are said to correspond with this theo-| to be 34.

D. G.
7. Let a= units in area, or in perimeter, and

For the Schoolmaster.

x= base. Then will -= altitude, and are Geometrical Problem.

-= hypothenuse, and we shall leave me WITHIN pne large circle draw eight smaller

2a) circles, which shall not intersect or be included 1%

From which we obtain within each other, in such a manner that the un-| x ] occupied space shall be equivalent exactly to one

a+4v(a2—24a+16). sixth of the original circle.


Taking the first sign before the radical gives one SEVERAL articles intended for the School Ex- leg of the triangle, and taking the second sign ercises are left over for next month.

gives the other.

D. P. O.


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SONS IN PHILOSOPHY: Revised and ImprorElisha KENT KANE.-A Biography. By Wil

ed by C. S. Cartée, A. M. Hickling, Swan & liam Elder. Childs & Peterson, Philadelphia.

Brewer. Boston. We have received from Messrs. Phillips, Samp

These works were originally prepared by Proson & Co., Boston, a copy of this long expected fessor T. Tate, F. R. A. S. of Kneller Training memoir of the Arctic Hero and Martyr. It is an College, England. They were revised by Dr. admirably written book, and no one can read it Cartée and have been already extensively uswithout the liveliest feeling of respect and love, ed with marked success and satisfaction. The sympathy and sorrow, for the subject, and the First Lessons are adapted to the younger schol. highest appreciation of the author as a writer ars, and to ordinary common schools, where the and thinker. It is a model of biography. Save course in this study must necessarily be limited; one thing, we think it perfect. We have no

and the larger work is designed for use in High sympathy at all for the "goody-good” smooth

Schools and Academies. ing iron by which his childhood faults are made to appear virtues and excellencies for the young |THE TESTIMONY OF The RockS; or Geology in

its Bearings on the Two Theologies, Natural to imitate. “For sale by agents only.”

and Revealed. By Hugh Miller. Gould &

Lincoln, Boston. THE LIFE AND RECOLLECTIONS OF JOHN How No man's library is complete without this and

LAND, late President of the Rhode Island His- the other works of the lamented Hugh Miller. torical Society. By Rev. Edwin M. Stone. G.

Every teacher, every scholar, every scientific H. Whitney, Providence.

man, and especially every Christian should read The biography of such a man as Mr. Howland

* this valuable work. Its chapters on History of should be preserved; and the biographer has

Animals, The Mosaic Vision of Creation, The laid the public under obligations to him for

Noachian Deluge, The Fossil Floras of Scotland, 80 finely written a book. It is exceedingly in

are each worth the price of the book. The work teresting, and will repay any one for a perusal.

cannot be described, but must be read. But it has especial value to the citizens of our own state. Mr. Howland was a prominent FIRST Book of NATURAL PHILOSOPHY AND Rhode Island man, and a very benevolent, phi- ASTRONOMY.-By Prof. William A. Norton, of lanthropic person. We hope this memoir will! Yale College. A. S. Barnes & Co, New York. meet with an extensive sale.

The appearance of this book is very creditable.

| The subjects treated are exceedingly interesting ANDREWS AND STODDARD'S LATIN GRAMMAR.

| and important to children. The information Revised Edition. 1857. Crocker & Brewster, given is well arranged, but the old "question and Boston.

answer system” is kept up throughout. This This Grammar of the Latin Language is now we consider a fundamental defect. almost universally pronounced the very best. It is greatly improved by the corrections, revisions We have received the following books, which and additions of this revised edition. For the sec- we shall notice hereafter. Several notices are tions relating to conjunctions and Grammatical obliged to lie over for want of room. From Analysis, the author acknowledges his indebted

Gould & Lincoln: Knowledge is Power, Barness to Prof. S. S. Greene, of Brown University. ton's Grammar, Barton's Composition. Marcus,

We do not believe a text-book was ever written | Bayne's Essays on Biography and Criticism, which introduced so great an improvement in Life of James Montgomery, Pleasant Pages for the method of teaching Latin, as this has done. Young People, Poor Boy and Merchant Prince. We wish the revised edition the greatest success, From Phillips, Sampson & Co.: Confessions of which we are sure it merits.

I an Inquirer, Autobiography of Rev. T. Clapp.

The R. J. Schoolmaster.


A PRIL, 1853

NO. 2.

catese S, BURLI

For the Schoolinaster.

ning segreix/auspicous, all progress was soon Special Caves

brembat to a stand. The machinery could cut

a road through common earth, or clay, or It is no uncommon occurrence for teachers, soft sand-stone, but the granite was a special both in the work of instruction and discipline, case. The launching of the Leviathan also to meet with what may be called special cases. proved to be another. The engineering for They feel prepared for the discharge of the or- sending it afloat was well contrived, strong, dinary duties of the schoolroom ;--that they suitable, and altogether adequate. So stood can meet the wants of most of their pupils in the theories of the wisest and most accom-. the prosecution of their studies, and are only plished engineers,—the master-spirits of the occasionally at a loss how to maintain proper art of launching. But the Leviathan proved discipline. They read educational works or to be a very special case. It would not budge; should do so—have attended Institutes and or, if it budged at all, would, by no means listened to lectures, and thus gained much budge as it ought. Hydrostatics and pullies, valuable - perhaps invaluable -- information. and chains, and cables, and levers, and whatThey have gained a knowledge of what are ever additional apparatus was called into reconsidered excellent theories ; they have fram- quisition, were inadequate to set it afloat. ed theories of their own which seem both Thus matters, for no inconsiderable time, replausible and practical. They have compound- mained. Efforts were baffled, and the masters ed the theories of others with their own and were vastly perplexed and troubled. Now, thus obtained resulting theories which they in regard to the Hoosac and the Leviathan, esteem better than either. Indeed, in any there was no lack of theories, excellent theomechanical process, theories of equal accura- ries no doubt; and yet we fancy that those cy could scarcely fail. But, from some cause, especially interested would, in the midst of none of these succeed perfectly in practice. their failure and perplexity, by no means have They turn out something like the attempts to objected to the discovery of some special tunnel the Hoosac mountain. The machin- means, just suited to the special cases. ery seemed to be adapted properly to its pur- The world of mechanics, if I may use pose and to be sufficiently powerful to make the expression, presents multitudes of special its way successfully through the opposing cases, from such as these down to that of the masses of granite. But, although the begin-'boy making unsuccessful attempts to fly his

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