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DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

Area, 60 square miles.
Capital, WASHINGTON.
Pop. 1870, 131,700.

Originally formed of territory ceded by Maryland and Virginia to the United States, and held by Congress under territorial government by Act of December 23, 1788. By Act of Congress exclusive jurisdiction was taken by the United States, Feb. 27, 1801. July 9, 1846, the cession by Virginia was receded to that State.

ARIZONA.

Area, 113,916 square miles.
Capital, TUCSON.

Pop. 1870, 9,658.

An Indian term signifying Sand Hills. Separated from New Mexico and organized as a Territory, February, 1863.

IDAHO.

Area, 90,932 square miles.
Capital, BOISE CITY.

Pop. 1870, 14,968.

Organized as a Territory from portions of Dakota, Nebraska and Washington territories March 3, 1863.

MONTANA.

Area, 143,776 square miles.
Capital, VIRGINIA CITY.

Pop. 1870, 20,595.

Separated from Idaho and organized as a Territory May 26,

1864.

NEW MEXICO.

Area, 121,201 square miles.

Capital, SANTA-FE.

Population 1870, 91,874.

So called from the place of Metitile, the Aztec god of war. First settled in 1594 at Santa-Fe by the Spanish. Organized as a Territory, Sept. 9, 1850.

WASHINGTON.

Area, 69,994 square miles.
Capital, OLYMPIA.

Population 1870, 23,955.

So named in honor of George Washington. First settled at Astoria in 1811 by emigrants from New England. Organized as a Territory, Nov. 2, 1853.

DAKOTA.

Area, 147,490 square miles.
Capital, YANKTON.

Population 1870, 14,181.

So called after the common name of the Confederate Sioux tribes and signifies leagued, allied. Organized as a Territory from a portion of Nebraska, March, 1861.

ALASKA.

Area, 380,000 square miles.

Population 1867, 29,000.

Ceded by Russia to the United States March 30, 1867, for $7,200,000

WYOMING.

Area, 93,107 square miles.
Capital, CHEYENNE.

Population 1870, 9,118.

Organized as a Territory from portions of Dakota, Idaho, Utah, July 25, 1868.

INDIAN.

Area, 71,000 square miles.
Capital,

Population 1860, 9,761.

A tract of land set apart for the Indians and over which Congress does not exercise any control except for the preserv ation of peace on the frontier. Organized as a Territory 1834 The most important place is Tah-le-quah.

THE MOST IMPORTANT TREATIES OF THE UNITED

STATES.

Alliance with France.

Treaty of Paris (independence secured).
Treaty of Commerce with Prussia.

Feb. 6, 1779

Sept. 3, 782

1783

1787

1794

1794

Treaty with Morocco

Treaty of commerce with Great Britain (Jay's)..
Treaty with the Six Nations and other Indian tribes....
Treaty with Spain, by Pinckney; and Algiers, by Hum-

phries..

1795

...

Treaty with Tunis; with Prussia (by J. Q. Adams) 1799
Treaty with France, by Ellsworth, Patrick Henry, &c., 1800
Treaty of Ghent, with Great Britain, signed by J. Q.
Adams, A. Gallatin, and H. Clay, for the United
States closing the "war of 1812"
Ratified by the United States...

Treaty with the Choctaws and the Cherokees..
Treaty with the Republic of Columbia..
Treaty with the Creeks, Osages, &c..
Treaty with Great Britain, indemnifying American citi-
zens for spoliations during the war with Napoleon, 1826
Treaty with Brazil..
.March 18, 1829
Treaty with Turkey.
..May 7, 1830
April 5, 1831
April 5, 1832
Oct. 14, 1832
..Dec. 18, 1832

Treaty with Mexico (commercial)
Treaty with do.........

...

1814

.Feb. 17, 1815

1816 1825

1825

Treaty with Naples.

Treaty with Russia (commercial)
Treaty with Great Britain respecting the N. E. boundary,

signed by Lord Ashburton and Mr. Webster, Aug. 20, 1842. Treaty with China, negotiated by C. Cushing; ratified 1845 Treaty of peace with Mexico, signed at Guadaloupe 1845 Treaty with Great Britain, respecting Nicaragua, June, 1850 Treaty with China, signed at Tier Tsin... .June 13, 1858. Treaty with Japan, negotiated by Com. Perry, March 31, 1854 Another treaty with Japan, by Townsend Harris, June 17, 1857 Treaty with Mexico, negotiated by Mr. McLane, but re

1860

jected by the U. S. Senate.....

Treaty between United States and Great Britain, to suppress the Slave Trade ....

1862

Treaty with Russia to purchase Russian America, ratified 1867 Treaty with Great Britain adjudicating the "Alabama

Claim "

1871

SPEECH OF HON. STEPHEN A. DOUGLAS.

DELIVERED AT CHICAGO, MAY 18T, 1861.

MR. CHAIRMAN: I thank you for the kind terms in which you have been pleased to welcome me. 1 thank the Committee and citizens of Chicago for this grand and imposing reception. I beg you to believe that I will not do you nor myself the injustice to believe this magnificent ovation is personal homage to myself. I rejoice to know that it expresses your devotion to the Constitution, the Union, and the flag of our country. (Cheers.)

I will not conceal gratification at the uncontro vertible test this vast audience presents-that what political differences or party questions may have divided us, yet you all had a conviction that when the country should be in danger, my loyalty could be relied on. That the present danger is imminent, no man can conceal. If war must come-if the bayonet must be used to maintain the Constitution-I can

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