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Whatever my sentiments and opinions may be two years, provided you can then pay me two in the Mexican war; but the gentleman cannot in regard to the merits of the proposition contained hundred dollars for the warrant, with iwelve per find an agency for the purchase of this new batch in the amendment, he will compel me, if it is offered cent. interest." Well, in very many instances ihe of land warrants; there is too much risk in it. here, 10 vote against it. I hope, therefore, he will two years pass over, and the seitlers are without the | They cannot become a circulating medium at see that he places us in a false position, and with abiliiy to pay according to their bargain; and thus present. draw his amendment.
the man who has located the warrant allegedly Mr. UNDERWOOD. If the gentleman will Mr. WALKER. I would if it were in my for the benefit of the settler, gets not only his land, allow me, I will give him facts, as he inquires for power; that is, if I could do so without violating but the benefit of all the labor which he has be- them. my duty to those whom I represent, I would stowed upon it for years. That is the operation Mr. WALKER. I yield the floor. accede to the request made by the honorable Sen- which the production of these land warrants has Mr. UNDERWOOD. In my section of counator from Massachusetts. But I am no' at liberty produced in the Western country; and it is not a try, I know a young man to have been employed to do it; I feel myself under the fullest obligations fact, that in that region they furnish any facility to go out and locate these warrants. He makes to urge this subject upon every suitable occasion. for the location of lands. It is rarely that they do | his contracts in this manner: “You give me so But if we take the argument submitted by the otherwise than result in injury when they get much for my trouble in visiting the States where Senator from Kentucky, and that submitted by amongst us. It is true, that sometimes a solitary | the public lands are to be found, and locating your the Senator from Massachusetts, and compare individual from the West, when in New York, warrants”-making a handsome profit upon that them with each other, I think we shall see that may purchase a land warrant for a little less than _" and then I will pay you so much, if you will they are a most singlar and astonishing fallacy. the Government price of the land, and may, when convey your claim to me when the patent is obThe honorable Senator from Kentucky says that he reaches home, go and locate it; but these cases tained." That is the way in which the bargain this proposition, of which he claims to be the are by no means common. If, therefore, you is made, and the sum which is received by the orifather, is one to give a mere gratuity to those who seek to make this bill a facility for the location of ginal holder of the warrant is not half of what he have fought the battles of the country. Why, lands, you will fail, and the result will be that the
if you will make the warrants assignable sir, that gratuity was given in the bill which this settler will not only lose his location, but his improposes to explain; and that gratuity, it turns
provements also. I think, then, that there are rea- Mr. WALKER. That is the case given by the out, was a gratuity which the old soldiers do not sons why Western men should make the most Senator from Kentucky of a young man who conwanı. It provides for a class of people who have strenuous opposition to the assignability of these tracted to locate these land warrants, and with fought the battles of their country, and now it warrants. A gratuity to the soldier is not the the prospect of securing a title to the land. That turns out that they do not want the grant; and thing that is wanted. The design, indeed, may is very indefinite. I do not know what he is to then the Senator from Kentucky makes a great be good, but the result is not so. You give him get, weither what he is to receive for his compenmerit of it, that when he has given what they do an assignable warrant which he sells for half or sation, nor what he is to pay for the land. But I not want, he provides a way by which those who one third of its value, and which finds its way will make this assertion, that if you make these wish 10 speculate in the land can obtain it at one into the hands of speculators. These speculators land warrants assignable, without affixing to them half or one third of its real value. That is the locate the warranis, and, as I have shown, by a given cash value, they will come down to a price argument. A gratuity is given, and when it turns flattering prospects held out, frequently possess which will be merely nomival. Sir, I know of out that it is a failure, the actual settler must be themselves of improvements which are the result agencies established, not to purchase these warinjured in order that the speculator may be bene- of years of labor. The whole system, in all its rants, but to locate them in the best places for the fited. And there is so much merit in that, in the operations, is prejudicial to the interests of those benefit of the large holders. There is an agent in estimation of the Senator from Massachusetts, who are professedly most to be benefited; and as the city in which I live who will agree to locate a that it must be held up before the Senate as a the representative of one of the Western States, it bundred and sixty acres for ten, and eighty or preeminent matter of consideration, and we must is a plan which I cannot support.
forty acres for five dollars, and who will guaranty exclude all other classes of mankind, and all other Mr. UNDERWOOD. When I was up before, | its quality. And, sir, if any land is worth $1 25 classes of grants of land, and suffer nothing to be l I did not intend to utter an expression which an acre to the General Government, that land is interposed between it and the consideration of the could elicit debate. I merely remarked that this worth that much to the proprietor when the warobject which he has in view. I believe there is amendment was to perfect the system which rant is located. I am quite aware that in many more merit in the amendment than in the proposi- Governinent had pursued toward these old soldiers. || instances land warrants have brought their full tion before the Senate. There are vast numbers I did not intend to be driven into a discussion. | value; but if you make all this new batch assignwho would like to have a piece of land on which Time is valuable, and I think voting is better than able, there will be so much competition that the to settle; and if there be those of the old soldiers discussion. If I were to consume time in debate, | price will come down to a mere fraction of what who will not go to occupy these lands which are I think I could demonstrate, beyond the possibili- it ought to be, as was the case with the Mexican granted to them, it is no good reason why those ty of a doubt, that the policy of my friend from lands. If the soldiers, in whose favor these land who desire to have a home should not have one; Wisconsin, in refusing to make these warrants warrants were issued, would employ men who it is no reason because they will not go and avail assignable, helps the speculator, and enables him to would honestly discharge the duty of locating the themselves of the home which is offered to them, double and treble his profits, and make the whole warrants, they would obtain the full value of that nobody else shall go. It is said that the old out of the pockets of the old soldiers. Those who them, and we should hear nothing more of the soldier does not need the land himself. But what now purchase these warrants, make the fact that clamor about this gratuity of the Government to does he want? The Senator from Kentucky pro- they are not assignable a pretext for a reduction | the soldiers having gone into the hands of others poses to give him, after he refuses to take the of the price to be paid for them. I could demon- | than those for whose benesit it was exclusively land, what will be worth to him perhaps fifty dol- strate that the system which the gentleman advo-designed. I know an instance in this city of a lars. You then give him the privilege of selling cates, while it ruins the old soldier does not bene- man who had two warrants which he offered for his warrant for fifty dollars, by which the holder fit the country, and operates in favor of the spec- | $210, and the man to whom they were offered reof the warrant will get land worth, at the Govern- ulator. He is the speculator's friend on this floor, || fused to take them at the price; but he located ment price, $200, and the Government will be giving him a profit daily and hourly. But I have them for the individual, and since that time he has wronged out of $150. The speculator will be in- said I will not be driven into a discussion on this sold this land the whole of the three hundred and definitely benefited by imposing upon the holders' subject. I merely wish to say that I disclaim twenty acres—for $4 an acre, thus realizing $1,280 of warrants in this way.
much that the gentleman has imputed to me. for what, a short time before, he had offered for Now it was urged here yesterday that the as- Mr. DAWSON. I wish to say a few words in | $210. Now, that is an instance that I know of, signment of land warrants would operate bene- reply to my friend from Wisconsin. What is his | and yet it is urged by those who are interested in ficially to the actual settler, and the Senator from proposition? Here we have a bill proposing to speculating in these warrants, that they cannot be Louisana (Mr. Downs,) asked if the settler is give one hundred and sixty, or eighty, or forty | made available to the holders at this time. That to buy his land and pay for it, and can buy it with acres of land, as the case may be, to the old sol- is an argument which has been urged out of doors, a warrant for which he has paid only a hundred diers for their toil, trouble, and dangers in the || and Senators are made to believe that there is no dollars, will not that be reducing the price of land service of the country; and by the amendment way of benefiting the soldier but by making the to actual settlers ?” It would indeed, if it could proposed, we say to every foreigner in all the warrants assignable. It is, however, a false arbe done so; but whatever may be the case in other world, “ You may just step over into the Unised gument—one which is made to bear upon those States, this practice has not obtained in Wiscon- States and settle on one hundred and sixty acres, who control the newspaper press, and is reëchoed sin. Land warrants are chiefly purchased at the and you will have all the rights and privileges here by Senators who do not, I admit, intend to agency offices in New York, and Philadelphia, with the old soldiers who have fought the batiles reflect the interests of men engaged in these specand Buffalo, and in Washington and other places. of the country.”
ulations, but who do it completely in effect. That These warrants, when thus purchased, are sent in Mr. WALKER. I knew that would be the is, however, the effect; and I repeat that it is an large numbers to Milwaukie and other places in argument of the Senator from Georgia, if he spoke | argument which is unsound and false, to say that Wisconsin, and are located. Now if the settler at all; for it is the fourth or fifth time he has in- the warrants cannot be made to benefit the holder whose preemption is about to expire, goes to the troduced it when he has spoken on this subject. to the full extent, if they would take the proper agent to purchase a warrant for the purpose of But I wish to reply to the honorable Senator from means to avail themselves of such benefit. 'I will securing his title to his land by payment with the Kentucky, and say to him that I am not the spec- venture to say, that if the holders of the warrants warrant, the chances are a hundred to one if the ulator's friend either in the operation of my amend- will locate them for themselves, or will employ, agent will sell him one. Theagent will reply, “1 ment or in intention.
proper persons to do it for them, the lands will have no warrants for sale. What do you want Mr. UNDERWOOD. I do not say it is his be worth double the price wbich they will get for with a warrant:”. And the applicant will reply; intention to befriend the speculator, but his argu- | them if they are made assignable. My opposia “I desire to save my preëmption." Well, ments lead to it.
tion, then, to the assignability of land warrants is says the agent, “ I'll tell you what I'll do: I'll lo- Mr. WALKER. I will ask the Senator from || friendly to the holders. cate your land and improvements in my own Kentucky if he knows of an office in any city for It is not because I am inimical to the interest of name, or in the name of the company who own the purchase of these new land warrants? I know the old soldier that I oppose this bill; but I believe the warrants, and I will give you an instrument, there are agencies in every city in the country for that, when the warrants are made assignable, his providing that you shall have your farm clear in || the purchase of the warrants given to the soldiers Il interests will be sacrificed sooner and with more
certainty than by any other system. But you From our local positions, and from other cir- in this bill. It was the Native American tendency may say that is his own business: he is a freeman, cumstances, we are led to adopt certain views, and of the argument to which I intended to make a and can do as he pleases with his own property: become attached to them. I do not blame the reply, I said that I expected, if I heard anything I know there is some force in the objection that Senator from Wisconsin for holding his views. from him upon that branch of the amendment, that we give lands and then tie it up in the hands of the But the lands in Alabama and Mississippi have it would be just what he had said. Upon a preholders of the warrants. But that you should been disposed of, and the proceeds have gone into vious occasion l oflered a proposition in the Senhave considered in the first place, and not have the Treasury; and now because there are lands ate, to the bill authorizing the issue of land wartaken a course to throw away the benefit which in other sections of the country, the people who rants, which amendment proposed to give to those you propose to bestow. Now, when it turns out, go there are not to be subjected to the same pro- who had declared their intention to become citi. according to this outside argument which we hear, ceeding, and are not to pay the same money into zens, the rights and benefits resulting from it; and that the soldier does not want the land, it is taken the Treasury as others did. There is a want of then the Senator objected to this feature of my for granted that the only other manner in which justice, of equity, and equality, in that. There is proposition. He objects to it again. But now, you can benefit him, is to make the warrants as- no principle about it at all. Why should we pass will not the Senator allow me to pay him a comsignable. It is not so; and the holders of the war- a law here to seduce our people to leave the old pliment? It was that very argument that he thus rams will see that it is not so, if they will take States and settle in the limits of other States ? | made, objecting 10 that feature in my amendment, into consideration their true interest, and they will At whose expense will you be doing this? The and a similar argument made by the Senator from locate their warrants themselves when they under- | States of Georgia and Kentucky are called upon Kentucky, that induced me to make the change stand that the assignment of them will be of very to vote for a measure which will induce their pop- which is made in the proposition which I have small pecuniary benefit to them.
ulation to go off and settle elsewhere, because by brought before the Senate to require citizenship Mr. DAWSON. I have been somewhat sur- it property in other States will be given to before an entry should be permitted. I intended prised at the observation of the Senator from Wis- them. "Is it wise and politic-is it to be expected to compliment the views of the Senators from consin, (Mr. WALKER,) as to his having heard the that the old States will give their support to a Georgia and Kentucky, by the change which I argument that I made, used before by me. I measure which will lead their population to leave have made in the proposition since I offered it recollect that when the subject of the distribution them, and thereby diminish their own strength? | upon a previous occasion. The Senator will perof the public lands was before us heretofore, the The Senator from Wisconsin will in a moment ceive that naturalization must be perfected before Senator erected a platform, and presented himself see the impropriety of it. How is this to be the entry is permitted, according to the amendment. upon it in such a manner that no one could fail to done? Noi by the money of the General Gov- I have no disposition to keep off this vote. I have his attention drawn to it. Since that time it ernment merely, for it is the money of the people. I know that the joint resolution will be adopted, but has been understood that his mode and manner of And if the money of the people, which is now in i I still wish to discharge my duty. It is what disposing of the public lands formed a sort of the Treasury, or which has gone into the public every Senator desires to do when he knows that platform for some purpose or other, which I can. lands under your control, is to be divided, to his constituents feel anxious that he should make not say now. If I were so unkind or ungenerous whom should it go? To the people who paid and head against it if possible, and when he feels a reas to retort upon him, I might say, how often have fought for the land, and not to those who never gave ciprocal interest and anxiety to discharge faithI heard the same argument from him, not only in a dollar or an hour of service to the Government. ! fully his duty and meet the wishes of his constituthe Senate, but in other places, which he has used The principle advocated by the Senator from Wis- i ents. I hope I have done nothing more. I do not on this occasion? But I have nothing to say consin would give the lands to those who never wish to force my peculiar views upon the Senate. against his doing that. It is the principle advo- advanced a dollar to the country; while mine is to I wish not to tire the patience of any. I wish not cated which I oppose, and the manner which he give them to men who fought our battles and paid to be offensive. If you wish to pass the measure, assumes to himself to control the action of this taxes into the Treasury.
pass it. I can see the evil consequences which body, and express his views, somewhat indig- I was not desirous of going into this matter. will result from it. My constituents see them, Iunily, againsi the views of all others.
Whenever the time will come to rally for the and they wish me to resist the measure to the He says that these public lands ought to go-to rights of the citizens of this country, native and last. They wish me to resist this last measure of whom? To the people. What people! I agree adopted, against this plan of giving land away, oppression to them in their young settlements. with him that they should go to the people of or any other analogous to it, you will find that I do believe it will result in that. Take the United States; that they should be the prop- the people will rally for them. It is right that and pass it; and if the consequences to the Westerty of the country upon certain terms; and when they should do so; and because I referred to it, ern States which I have prophesied and pointed ever we make donations to them it should be ac- I am held up here as repeating an argument. out do result, and if hereafter Western members cording to the bill of my friend from Kentucky, | No better argument can be made. When I sug- see that I did point them out, let them thank (Mr. UNDERWOOD,] giving them to the old soldier. il gested the condensed argument, it was because a themselves and bear in mind that I warned them But when, Mr. President, I see propositions made mere repetition of it supplies the whole argument, upon the present occasion. to favor people who are not now within the limits and there was no necessity of going into an ex- The question being taken on the amendment to of our country; who never paid a dollar of tax tension of it. Every man comprehends it. I the amendment by yeas and nays, resulted-yeas into the Treasury; who never shouldered a gun would not have made a reply to the Senator, but 8, nnys 35; as follows: in defence of the country, and to place them on a
for what I consider an unkind and unnecessary YEAS-Messrs. Dodge of Wisconsin, Douglas, Gwin, footing with the citizens and soldiers of our coun- remark, that he expected the argument from the Seward, Sumner, Wade, Walker, and Whitcomb-8. try, it looks a little strange to me at least. Be- Senator from Georgia, for he had heard it from
NAYS--Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bayard, Bell, Ber
rien, Borland, Bradbury, Bright, Brodhead. Clarke, Clemcause I draw a distinction between men who him the fourth or fifth time. I have seen my
ens, Davis, Dawson, Dodge of Iowa, Felch, Foot, Geyer, sexved the country in every capacity, and men who friend more than four or five times standing upon Hamlin, Houston, Hunter, Jones of Jowa, Jones of l'en: neser served it at all, it is presented here as a the platform which he erected two years ago; and
nessee, King, McRae, Mallory, Mangum, Miller, Norris,
Rusk, Sebastian, Smith, Spruance, Stockton, Underwood, strange and extraordinary argument. Shall I say when he stood up so high, because I paid iny re
and Upliann-35. to the Senator from Wisconsin that his course of spects to him, he ought to have felt grateful, inpolicy is just of a character to cause the whole stead of being exci at what I said. These are
So it was rejected. co untry to be settled by a foreign population ? His | my views.
Mr. WALKER. I have another amendment, plan is to make a gratuity to every man who will Mr. WALKER. Mr. President
which I shall offer as a proviso to the first section co-ne from any section of the world, and settle on Mr. CLEMENS. I rise to a point of order. of the amendment, as follows: the public lands. Al whose expense is this to be I believe the Senator from Wisconsin has spoken Provided, That not more than two land warrants of the done? Who paid for the extinguishment of the on this subject more times than the rules allow,
denomination of one hundred and sixty acres each, or the
equivalent thereof in warrants of a less denomination, shåll title of the aborigines of the country to the soil and I have ihe preference for the floor.
be located by or in the name of the same individual' upon upon which you reside? The whole people of the
Mr. WALKER. I will give way with great any of the public lands. United States paid for it in and through taxation. i cheerfulness.
The amendment to the amendment was not And who gave you the power of taxing? The Mr. CLEMENS. I move that the Senate pro- || agreed to. men who fought the battles of your country and ceed to the consideration of Executive business. Mr. WALKER. I will have completed my sustained your Government. Yet they are to be The PRESIDENT. The motion cannot be re
duty when I shall have offered the following as disregarded, and cannot get any of these advan-ceived while this question is under consideration. tages upon the same terms as those who may have Mr. CLEMENS. As I think it important that
a proviso to the first section of the amendment:
Provided, That no land warrant shall be located within fought against us. Because I expressed an opin- we should proceed to the consideration of Execu
six miles of any proposed railroad line or route, unless ion of that kind, the Senator says he expected to tive business, I move to postpone this subject such locatien be intended for purposes of actual settlement, hear it again. Why hear it again?. Because it is until we have more time to hear speeches upon it. to be ascertained by the oath of the party proposing to make founded in truth, in justice, in principle, and in At the suggestion of Senators, the motion was
the location. patriotism. It is not advanced as a mere scheme withdrawn.
The amendment to the amendment was not to gain public applause, or to throw myself upon Mr. WALKER. I hope no one will suppose ogreed to. an elevated platform by which to gain the applause that I am going into an extended argument
Mr. GEYER. I have an amendment which I of parts of the community: The plan of my legis- The PRESIDENT. Does the Senator from wish to offer to the first section of the amendment: lation is to act upon principles of equality and jus- | Alabama make his point of order?
It is to insert after the words " are hereby detice; to do justice to every section and to every Mr. CLEMENS. I do not make any motion, clared to be assignable,” the words “by deed or man belonging to the country, according to his as there seems to be a desire to vote upon the ques- instrument of writing made and executed after the service. And because I express my opposition to tion. But I want to get into Executive session taking effect of this act." I will explain in a few giving the public lands, which my constituents I will not press my point of order.
words the object of it. It is to prevent past asassisted to pay for, to men who never paid a dol- Mr. WALKER. I will detain the Senate only signments, that are prohibited by law, from being lar into the Treasury, it is looked upon as some- while I make a single observation, in reply to the set up in any form. There are many instances in thing exceedingly strange. If ours was a Govern- Senator from Georgia. When I said that I ex- which assignments have been made by individuals ment not suhjeci to the principle of the elective | pected to hear the argument from the Senator, if | holding these warrants, and of course they have franchise, if it was governed differently, it might || he said anything, I spoke entirely of his reference been subject to large deductions on account of the
to the foreign population who might be embraced risk. The design of this amendment is twofold:
to afford an opportunity to those individuals to in this bill. There should be a clause in it by which || friend from California, that he proposes the introreëxamine the subject before they make a new as- none of its provisions should be extended to the duction on the spur of the occasion, of a very imsignment, before they transfer their warrants; and mineral lands of California. At present there is portant matter, which has not been deliberated also to prevent parties setting up a prohibited as- no guard of that kind in the bill, and is an addi- upon by the Committee on Public Lands; and it signment.
tional reason why my amendment should be | strikes me that it will lead to consequences which The PRESIDENT. The first section aš pro- adopted.
we are not perhaps prepared to meet. I am not posed to be amended will read
Mr. UNDERWOOD. I really think that there certain that there is any law granting preëmption “ 'That all warrants for military bounty lands which have is no necessity for the amendment of my friend rights in California. been, or may hereafter be, issued under any law of the from California. The original billnorthe prior legis- Mr. GWIN. The general land laws have been United States, and all valid locations of the saine which
lation upon the subject does not open any portion | extended there. have been or inay hereafter be made, are hereby declared to
of the lands in California to these land warrants.. Mr. UNDERWOOD. The chairman of the be assignable by deed or instrument of writing made and executed after the tuking effect of this act, according to
The public lands in California have not yet been Committee on Public Lands (Mr. Felch) is much such form," &c.
opened by any legislation of Congress so far as more familiar with this subject than I am; for, for Mr. UNDERWOOD. Perhaps it is due to the I know.
the last two years I have not been a member of committee to say that, in their deliberations on this Mr. GWIN. Oh, yes! There is a Surveyor that committee, and I would defer to his superior subject, nothing occurred which would sanction General for California, and the lands are being information on this subject. I do not know that the idea that we intended to ratify past assignments surveyed, and are open to preëmption claims. there is any, law in force in reference to the public and contracts in reference to these warrants, made Mr. UNDERWOOD. That may be; but the lands in California which grants preemption rights in violation of the law. I suppose that the object | public lands in California have not yet been brought there, or states how much land the settler can of my friend from Missouri is to prevent any such into market by proclamation of ihe President of have. I recollect very well that provisions have inference from being drawn, and to make it positive the United States. No sales have yet been made. been made in regard to the public lands in the that those contracts which were illegally made be- || Steps have been taken, I know, to have the public || Territory of Oregon, but I have no recollection fore, can only be legalized by an instrument of lands in California surveyed, but none of these now of any specific legislation which embraces writing made after the taking effect of this law. I warrants can be located on lands unless they are the public lands in California; and I doubt whether have no objection to that; I suppose no member of subject to entry by private individuals; and they the public laws in reference to the preemptive the committee will object to it. It was not the in- cannot be subject to entry by private individuals rights in force in the rest of the United States betention either of any member of the committee or until they have been offered for sale in the market, fore the acquisition of that territory will apply, myself to ratify any such illegal warrants. under the proclamation of the President of the unless they have been expressly extended there. Mr. DOWNS. I have no objection to the ob
United States. That is the operation of the law These matters are sprung upon me just upon the ject of the amendment. I think it a very good as it now stands. So far as relates to the use of spur of the occasion, without having any opporone; but I have some doubts whether perhaps a
these land warrants in securing the home of the set- tunity of examining the statutes, without any opditterent construction might not be put upon it.
tler, we made provision for that by an amendment portunity of ascertaining whether my ideas upon Could it nog be more simply expressed? I sup- which we adopted when the bill was up yesterday. the subject are right or wrong. I am not prepared pose the Senator means by his amendment trans- It does, therefore, seem to me, that the amend- to adopt any amendment of this kind in such a fers made in the ordinary way. But the public
ment of my friend from California cannot have hurry, without its having gone through an invesofficers might understand it differently. Some a beneficial, but must have an injurious effect. tigation by the Committee on Public Lands. I States may give a different interpretation to the I hope it will not be adopted. It is merely pro- would like to hear from the chairman of that comwords "deed or act.
viding for that which is already provided for. mittee on this subject. Mr. UNDERWOOD. The word "act” is not If the Senator intends to enlarge the use of land Mr. GWIN. At the last session of Congress used. It is "instrument of writing.”
warrants for settlers, so as to allow the settlers a clause was inserted in one of the appropriau Mr. GEYER. The words which follow in the who have them to enter on the public lands, and bills extending the land laws to California, probill explain it. The deed or instrument of writing
locate them before the lands have been offered at viding for the appointment of a surveyor general, is to be made “according to such form, and pur- public sale under proclamation of the President of and making appropriations for the purpose of sursuant to such regulations,
as may be prescribed by ihe United States, I think it would be a bad policy veying the public lands in that State. The Comthe Commissioner of the General Land Office. to adopt any such provision. I hope, therefore, mittee on Public Lands had reported a land bill Mr. UNDERWOOD. That shows it.
that on reflection, my friend from California will for California, which was elaborately prepared, The amendment to the amendment was then see the propriety of not pressing his amendment. and debated in the Senate; but owing to the disagreed to.
Mr. GWIN. In reply to what the Senator cussion which arose upon the river and harbor Mr. DODGE, of Iowa. I have an amendment from Kentucky has stated, I will say that these bill it was not acted on. In order that the State which I wish to offer to the amendment. It is to lands are now being surveyed, and unless we legis- which I represent should have the benefit of insert in the 4th section, after the words “of any late on this subject during this session of Congress, | the land laws, and for the purpose of comState,” the words "or Territory," so that the sec- before the next they may be offered for sale, or mencing the surveys of the public lands, an tion may read: “That in all cases where the militia open to entries under the preemption laws; and amendment was made to an appropriation bill of or volunteers or State troops of any State or Ter- therefore the very same process that exists in the character I have described. Under it a surritory were called into military service, and whose other States in regard to the public lands will be veyor general has been appointed, and is now services have been paid for by the United States," in operation there. Whenever the public lands in actively engaged in the performance of his duty. &c., I presume there will be no objection to it. California are surveyed, a settler can claim a pre- || The Secretary of the Interior has estimated for a The amendment to the amendment was agreed emption right in that State, under existing laws; || large amount to be appropriated for the survey of
and if a seitler on the public lands, there or else- | the public lands in California—an appropriation Mr. GWIN. I have an amendment to propose
where, has served in the war, and is entitled to a of some three hundred thousand dollars. The as an additional section:
bounty land warrant, I propose that he shall have || preëmption law, as well as the general land laws, Sec. -. And be it further enacted, That every actual
the privilege of locating his warrant on the land has been extended to California, as well as to setter, being an American citizen or having filed a declara
upon which he lives, whether he is or is not enti- other States where the lands are surveyed and tion of intention to become such, whether the warrantee or tled to a preëmption. That is the whole point of | brought into market, as the lands in California assignee of a nulitary bounty land warrant, shall be allowed the case.
will very soon be. But here is the point in this to locate the same upon any public land inhabited and im
There is, however, another provision in my proved by such settler (provided the same be not mineral
case: There are persons in that State who, techland) not exceeding in quantity one hundred and sixty amendment which I think a very important one, | nically, are not entitled to the benefits of this genacres, whether such land be subject to private entry or not, and that is, that none of the mineral lands in Cali- eral preëmption law, because they have emigrated upon making proof to the Batistaction of the register and fornia shall be subjected to the provisions of this without having disposed of the lands they lived receiver, of actual inhabitancy and cultivation of the tract or tracts thus sought to be entered : Prorided, That such
law. I consider that as of the very highest im- on. They are entitled to bounty land warrants locations shall not be permitted upon any land the price of portance. The public lands in that State are being as soldiers in the Mexican war, but cannot locate which exceeds 1 25 per acre, unless the difference in cash surveyed, and I have no doubt will be speedily | their warrants on the lands upon which they now be first paid.
offered at public sale, because the wants of that reside. I simply wish that they shall have the Mr. GWIN. I will briefly give the reasons country require that they should be soon disposed privilege, if they are actual settlers and cultivawhy I think this additional section should be in- of. Hence I think that this is of very great im- || iors, of locating their own warrants to include corporated in the bill. There are a great many portance, for before we can pass another law upon their present homes and improvements-provided persons in the State which I represent entitled to this subject, these lands may be brought into those locations shall not be made on mineral bounty land warrants who could not claim a pre- , market. All that I wish is, that every individual lands. That is the whole case. emption on the lands upon which they are living, who has a bounty land warrant in his own right, Mr. FELCH. It is perfectly manifest that this because they have left their farms in the States now living on and cultivating the public lands in provision cannot be adopted and carried out with. from which they emigrated. These parties cannot California, or any other State, when those lands out breaking in upon the whole system of the use these warrants. They are now settlers there on shall be surveyed and brought into market, shall Government with regard to the public lands. The the public lands. They cannot claim the privi- || have the privilege of locating his warrant, instead lands in California are not yet in the market; and leges of preemption because the law limits and ex- of going to somebody else to sell it. Many of the although an appropriation' was made for a surcludes certain persons, and they are of that class. citizens of California, emigrating from other States, 1 veyor to commence the surveys there, yet the sysBut they are the parties to whom these warrants have left a quantity of land undisposed of, that tem, as a system, is not to be extended in its pracare to be issued. All I wish is, that they may be excludes them from the advantages of the pre- tical operation to that portion of the country. permited to locate them on the lands upon which emption laws, and these individuals will be forced
, Surveyor important
ing on the public lands. I wish that every person appropriation for the surveys in the ordinary this bill, and it is this: In extending the location in California, to whom a warrant is issued, shall manner, and under the general law of the United of these bounty land warrants the mineral lands i have the privilege of locating it on the land on States; but there is not one acre of land in Caliof California have not been excluded. They which he resides.
fornia which can be purchased by anybody for should be excluded from location in express terms Mr. UNDERWOOD. I would say to my money or in any way. There can be no pur
which seems to have been hoverlooked in sell their warrants, although they are now liv- General of California was appointed, Make your
Chasers of land there, and no entries of land, by settle on the land before it is ready to be brought eration of Executive business; and after some time land warrants or anything else, unless there be into the market under any circumstances. We spent therein, the doors were reopened, and established land offices. There is neither land throw into the market every year a much larger The Senate adjourned. office nor land district in that portion of the amount of the public lands than is demanded for country. the ordinary sales of the year.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Further provision of this kind, therefore, at the As I remarked before, formerly we restricted present time, is entirely inapplicable to the state preëmption rights to a very small portion of terri
TUESDAY, January 20, 1852. of the case. It does not appear, as yet, what tory. "Now, we have extended them; and a per- The House met at twelve o'clock, m. Prayer may be done in regard to the lands in that coun- son may go to any portion of the public lands by the Rev. Mr. MORGAN. try. What we have hitherto done is this: We || where surveys have been made and acquire a pre- The Journal of yesterday was read and approved. have provided for settling claims of all Spanish || emption right. This proposition is to allow per
ASSIGNABILITY OF LAND WARRANTS. and Mexican settlers, who claim by virtue of sons not only to go on the lands after the surveys grants from Spanish or Mexican governments. are made, and the boundaries are understood, and
The SPEAKER. The first business in order We have done nothing more. There was a bill the monuments affixed, and the locations are de
is the consideration of the joint resolution No. 1, before the Senate, to which the Senator from Cali- fined, so that a man can know on what land he is;
heretofore reported from the select committee, to fornia has referred, extending the general system but it is proposed to allow people to settle on the
which the same was referred, with an amendment of the land laws to California, and granting cer- lands and acquire preemption rights before any
explanatory of the act of 1850 granting to certain
officers and soldiers bounty land, &c.; the pending tain preëmption rights and donation rights; but thing is done to make the landmarks, before anythe bill did not become a law. We have, there- || thing is done to fix the locations. There is great
question being on the motion submitted by the fore, scarcely started upon the system of disposing | liberality in the law which now prevails in refer
gentleman from Ohio, (Mr. Dunham,) to commit of the public lands in that country. All we have ence to the granting of preëmption rights; and I
the said joint resolution and pending amendments done is to send a surveyor there, who may or heartily concur in the principle which has been
to the Committee of the Whole House on the may not have commenced the surveys. I am not adopted. But it seems to me that we could
state of the Union, and on which question the geninformed upon that point. scarcely carry it further without doing it great in
tleman from Indiana (Mr. Fitch) is entitled to the
floor. Mr. GWIN. He has commenced the surveys. justice, and at the same time making great confu
Mr. HOUSTON. I should like the House to Mr. FELCH. If this provision should be sion in the administration of the public domain. adopted, it will be impossible, under the bill, to Mr. GWIN. We know perfectly well that in
go into Committee of the Whole on the state of the commence proceedings in favor of any one man all of the new States settlements are made on the
Union this morning, and take up the Mexican inhaving a warrant there. He cannot locate it there, public lands before they are surveyed; and when
demnity bill, if the gentleman from Indiana (Mr. as there is no land office where he can locate it. the lands are surveyed, the settlers have the rights
Fitch would yield the floor for that purpose.
Mr. FITCH. I am not particular as to the There is no authority to allow him to locate. That | and privileges of preemptors. The public lands is the state of the case at the present time. are now being surveyed in California. We have time of resuming the consideration of this
joint Preěmption rights cannot, of course, apply to asked for a large appropriation for their survey.
resolution, but my object is, that whenever it does California, because the preemption right applies Surveys in that country ‘are made with great
come up-and upon which I have the floor-to only to cases where the lands have been surveyed rapidiiy if ample means are placed at the disposal
make my objections to it known. If occupying and are ready to be brought into market. For- of the Surveyor General. It is expected that in
the morning hour in the consideration of that merly those rights did not attach until the land was twelve months there will be a large quantity of report will interfere with the business of the Comoffered for sale. A more liberal law now prevails; our public lands open to the preëmption laws.
mittee of Ways and Means, I have no objection, and after the surveys are made with a view to sale, With regard to Oregon, it is true the preëmp
so far as I am concerned, to give way to the gen
tleman from Alabama, (Mr. Houston.) within the land districts where purchases can be tion laws have not been extended there-but
Mr. HOUSTON, I wish to state to the House, made, there preëmption rights may accrue. But why? Because you give the lands away there. settlers who have gone on the public lands in Cal- || You give them donation privileges, and they do
though I do not know it, other than from rumors, ifornia, even if they have land warrants, are pre- not want preëmption rights. In regard to New
aside from the fact that the House possesses the cisely in the same condition as men who have Mexico and Utah, I know that the preëmption
knowledge, that there is a strong necessity for actmoney in their pockets. Neither of them can take | laws have not been extended there. No Surveyor
ing upon this bill at an early period. I understand up lands there. They stand precisely on the same General has been appointed for these Territories.
there is a communication upon the Speaker's table
from the President of the United States, urging footing
They need legislation, and they need it badly. Unless we are disposed to go beyond the prin- | But it is vry duty to endeavor to bring into active
that we shall act upon it speedily. I will, thereciples which have heretofore been adopted, it does operation in California the provisions of the pre
fore, move that the communication be first read, not seem to me that this provision could be of any emption laws, and to give every person entitled
and then I will propose to go into Committee of practical effect, even if incorporated into the bill. to a bounty land warrant, and an actual settler and
the Whole on the state of the Union. Certainly it does not seem to me to be wise, at the cultivator of the public domain other than mineral
AFFAIRS OF UTAH. present time, to adopt it.
lands, the right of locating his warrant on his The SPEAKER (there being no objection) proMr. GWIN. From the statement which has own home. This is the only object I have in ceeded to lay before the House a communication just been made by the Senator from Michigan, it view.
from the President of the United States, in regard is perfectly evident that this bill is to have no Mr. SHIELDS. I would suggest to the Sena- to the affairs of Utah. bearing at all in California. That State is to be tor from California, that when the land system Mr. JONES, of Tennessee. That is not the entirely excluded from its operations. I am as- shall be extended to his State, this law will apply
message referred to. tonished that when we are legislating upon so im- to that State. I am for the general principle of Mr. HOUSTON. Never mind. Let it be read, portant a question as this, that there is no provis- our preëmption law. I understand the matter and I will move that it be laid upon the table and ion in this bill applicable to such a vast amount perfectly; and I say that the gentleman, by his printed. of lands as there is contained in the State of Cal- | amendment, will accomplish nothing whatever. The communication was accordingly read, as ifornia. We all know that registers and receivers Mr. GWIN. The amendment will accomplish
follows: will very soon be appointed for that country; and this: it will permit an individual living on the pubthen the general law of preemption will certainly lic lands in California, after the lands shall have
To the House of Representatives: be in operation. All I wish is, that the land laws been surveyed and opened to preëmption, to locate I transmit a copy of a letter which has been may be extended, in every particular, to the people his own warrant on the land on which he resides addressed to me by the Secretary of the Territory of California as they are to other sections of the and cultivates. That is certainly a new principle, of Utah since my recent message to the House of Union. If we adopt this amendment now, it will and a very important one. Citizens of every
Representatives, in answer to its resolution renot be necessary to legislate upon this subject again State in the Union, who served in the war with questing information in regard to the affairs of when the California land bill comes up for consid- Mexico, have emigrated to California, and I want that Territory. MILLARD FILLMORE. eration. I am opposed to the.passage of this or to give them the privilege of locating their own WASHINGTON, 16th January, 1852. another law that will have to be altered hereafter, warrants to include their new homes, whenever the To the President of the United States : and adapted to laws to be enacted for California; | public lands shall come into market.
Sır: Among the official papers relating to affairs in the for I know the difficulty of getting any special le- The amendment to the amendment was rejected.
Territory of Utah, as published in "The Daily Globe” of gislation for that State. I wish this to be a gen- The amendment made in Committee of the
the 10th instant, is a letter from Governot Brigham Young
to the President of the United States, dated September 29th, eral law, and when we do adopt a land system for Whole as amended, was agreed to.
1851. In this letter the following paragraph occurs, to wit: California, and carry it out by the appointment of The PRESIDENT. The question now is: * Mr. Harris informed me, in a conversation which I had proper officers, the citizens of that State will have Shall the amendment be engrossed, and the bill be
with him, that he had private instructions, designed for the same rights as the citizens of other States un- read a third time?
no eye but his own, to watch every movement, and not pay
out any funds, unless the same should be strictly legai, der the same land laws. It is evident that in a Mr. WALKER. On that question I ask the according to his own judgment.” short time we shall extend the land system into | yeas and nays.
I beg leave to say, that the statement contained in this California, and appoint registers and receivers. Then why not have a provision in this law giving taken resulted-yeas 35, nays 3; as follows:
The yeas and nays were ordered, and being I had private instructions, designed for no eye but my
paragraph, to the effect that I said to Governor Young that
own, to watch every movement,” &c., has no foundation to the citizens of that State the same rights which citizens of opher States are to have?
YEAS-Messrs. Bayard, Bell, Berrien, Borland, Brad
in truth, and is so very improbable in itself as to excite asMr. FELCH. It is not California alone to bury, Brodhead, Clarke, Davis, Dawson, Dodge of
tonishment that Governor Young should have made it. I Wisconsin, Douglas, Downs, Fish, Foot, Geyer, Hale, recollection,
in which official instructions were mentioned
had but one conversation with Governor Young, within my which the principle applies which the Senator Hamlin, Homer, James, Jones of Iowa, Jones of Tenstates. It applies to Oregon, where we have sold nessee, McRae, Mallory, Mangum, Miller, Norris, Pearce,
at all, and that conversation was in substance as follows: no lands; it applies to New Mexico; it applies to Sebastian, Seward, Sbields, Soulé, Sprúance, Stockton,
Governor Young was striving to induce me, by arguinent Sumner, and Underwood-35.
and persuasion, to disburse the public money then in my Utah; it applies to most of the new States; it apNAYS-Messrs. Gwin, Wade, and Walker-3.
possession, in payment of the mileage and per diem, and plies to a portion of my own State; it applies to all
the contingent expenses of the last Legislature of the prothe unsurveyed lands. It has never been the policy
visional government of the State of Deseret. I informed
him that I could not comply with his wishes. “But,” of the Government to induce persons to come and On motion, the Senate proceeded to the consid- said he, “suppose the Territorial Legislature, about to as, semble, should so appropriate the money, and direct you to dollars. Now, it is not my purpose to reflect pay off that indemnity in the manner suggested pay it; you would of course comply ?» I replied that I
upon the Committee of Ways and Means of the without any other treaty. could not; that I had instructions from the Treasury De
Thirty-first Congress, nor is it my purpose to partment to guide me as disbursing agent, and that I would
Mr. HOUSTON. I will give the gentleman not be permitted to plead an act of the Legislature in ex- cast any reflections whatever upon the Confmittee my opinion. have no question of the power or cuse for the illegal disbursement of the money in my of Ways and Means of this Congress. But I Congress, if they shall see proper, to instruct as hande." I had no other conversation with Governor Young which
wish to say, sir, that it is a subject worthy of the to the mode and manner of making this payment. could possibly have suggested to his inind the idea of
consideration of the Committee of Ways and I have no question but Congress has the power making such a charge against me.
Means, and of their investigation, to see whether to direct the President in the manner the payment There are other misstatements in the letters of Governor
or not a saving could be made to this Government shall be made, if they shall see fit so to act. The Young and Mr. Bernhisel equally gross and untrue; but as
in the manner of payment of this indemnity. position I took was, that unless some gentleman they do not relate to me alone, I do not deem it proper to refer to them inore particularly in this communication. But, Mr. Chairman, I hold also, that if it is will say that the President of the United States,
I have the honor io be, with the highest regard, your most practicable to negotiate this payment, so as to or the authority making the payment, has done obedient servant,
B. D. HARRIS,
save the sum, which I presume can be saved to so improperly, corruptly, or fraudently, we have Secretary of Utah Territory. WASHINGTON, January 12th, 1832.
the Government, and at the same time accommo. nothing to do with the manner of payment. We On motion by Mr. HOUSTON, the communi- date Mexico, it is the bounden duty of this Gov- ought to do our duty by passing the appropriation, cation was ordered to lie on the table and be
ernment to do it. My understanding was, during and leave to the Executive the responsibility printed.
the last Congress, that the Mexican Government which, under the law, rests upon him, in execu
desired the payment to be made to them otherwise ting fairly the laws passed by Congress. I have MEXICAN INDEMNITY.
than through this channel by which it was pro- no doubt about the power of Congress. Charges The SPEAKER also laid before the House a
posed to be made. I presume, if you look into are talked about without there being anything communication from the President of the United
the facts of the case, you will find that the Mex- | brought forward, anything tangible. If the genStates, covering a letter from the contractors for
ican Minister, then in the city of Washington, tleman will say that the President or Secretary of •paying the installment of Mexican indemnity due protested against the payment of the indemnity in State are guilty of fraud or corruption, then it is on the 31st of May next.
ihe manner proposed. I shall not stop, sir, lo not only in the power of Congress, but the duty On motion by Mr. HOUSTON, the communi- | inquire into the amount which was made hereto- of Congress, to control their action. cation was referred to the Committee of the whole
fore by these British bankers and Corcoran & Mr. MCMULLIN. The chairman of the Comon the state of the Union, and ordered to be Riggs. That is a matter with which I have noth- mittee of Ways and Means has conceded a little printed.
ing to do; but there is one point of view in which more than I expected he would have done, but Mr. HOUSTON. I move that the rules be sus
I desire to examine this subject. It was con- still he desires that some gentleman shall come pended, and that the House resolve itself into the
tended by the Committee of Ways and Means of forward and do-what? Charge that there is corCommittee of the Whole on the state of the Union.
the last Congress, and by you, sir, as one of that ruption or impropriety on the part of the ExecuThe question was taken, and the motion was
committee, and also by my honorable colleague, tive Department of the Government. Can the agreed to.
(Mr. Bayly,] then chairman of the Committee of chairman of Ways and Means tell me that that The House accordingly resolved itself into the Ways and Means, and perhaps by others, that is the duty of every member of this House, unless Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, Congress had no right thus to negotiate the pay- they are satisfied that corruption really exists? (Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, in the chair.)
meni, without another treaty. Now, Mr. Chair. No, sir; but any member of this House has the The CHAIRMAN. The first business before the committee is the annual message of the Presi- | law, nor do I profess to be versed in laws growing be made differently than that proposed by the Ex
man, I do not profess to be versed in constitutional right to ask that payment of the indemnity shall dent of the United States.
out of treaty obligations and stipulations. But i ecutive, if it shall go to the saving to the GovernMr. HOUSTON, (interrupting.) But I think
do profess io know a little someihing about ordi- ment of the United States of a large amount of that under the rules of the House governing the
nary and common-place transactions. Sir, will money, without charging corruption. committee, I have the right to move to take up any
you tell me, or will my honorable colleague, or Mr. HOUSTON. With the permission of the appropriation bill, or any bill for the purpose of any other member upon this floor, tell me, and gentleman from Virginia, I will say this much executing a treaty.
stake his reputation upon that issue, that if the further in illustration of the position I have takenThe CHAIRMAN. That is the rule.
Mexican Government, through her duly-consti- that if the President of the United States, in the MEXICAN INDEMNITY BILL.
tuted agent in the city of Washington, indicates execution of the law which we may pass for apMr. HOUSTON. I move, therefore, to take her purpose to receive the payment of the indem- propriation, shall fail to protect the Government up the bill to provide for carrying into execution, nity, or the amount due to her, from the legally of the United States and all its interests in making in further part, the twelfth article of the treaty with
constituted agent of the American Government, that payment, or if he shall put it into the power, Mexico, concluded at Guadalupe Hidalgo. and that a payment thus made at the instance of by the manner in which the indemnity is paid, of The bill is as follows, viz:
the Mexican Government, through the agency and the bankers of this country, of England, or of Be it enacted, &c., That the sum of $3,180,000 be, and instrumentality of the Mexican Minister, would France, or anywhere else, to impose upon Mexi. the same is hereby appropriated, out of any money in the not be valid in law? I know that such an opinion co, then I say he has not acted properly in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the payment of is entertained. Now, with due regard to the discharge of his duty. That is what I mean. If the installment and interest which fall due on the 30th of May, 1852, under the twelfth article of the treaty between
opinion of my colleague, (Mr. BAYLY,) and others, the case is presented, that the President of the the United States and Mexico, made and concluded at who differ with me upon this subject, I undertake United States could have saved by a different Guadalupe Hidalgo, on the 2d of February, 1848.
to say that if you submit this question to the mode of payment, or that he could now save any Mr. McMOLLIŅ. It is, perhaps, unfortunate American people, as a practical, plain, common- amount of money to the Treasury which he otherfor me that I am entitled to the floor, particularly sense people--and this being a
wise would let go into the hands of private indi. as I have not given this subject that consideration view of this question—they would decide that if viduals or companies, or has made his arrangewhich its importance demands; and I shall not the payment had been thus made, there would ments understandingly so as to enable Mexico to occupy the time of the House but a very few mo- have been the end of it. In reference to the as- be fleeced by American citizens or others, then menis. I have already effected the object with saults made upon my colleague (Mr. BAYLY) the President of the United States has not dis. which I originally sei out--that of calling the through the newspapers, I have nothing to do. charged his duty. attention of the House and of the country to this I now desire, Mr. Chairman, to address myself Mr. McMULLIN. Well, Mr. Chairman, particular case. At the last Congress this sub- more particularly to the chairman of the Commit- || such have been the charges preferred against the ject, or rather a bill providing for the payment of tee of Ways and Means, [Mr. Houston.) I de- || President of the United Siates outside of this the Mexican indemnity, was before the House. sire that gentleman and his committee to investi- | House through the papers, and also against the It was my misfortune then to differ with several | gate this point in the case. Has the American Cabinet, who are concerned in this matter. It degentlemen, and with my honorable colleague, Congress the authority, by the sanction of the mands investigation. (Mr. Barle,) who was then the chairman of the Mexican Government, and her legal agent and Mr. CABELL, of Florida. I will ask the genCommittee of Ways and Means, and with whom representative here, the right to direct how this tleman from Virginia (Mr. McMullin) to state it is at all times painful to me to differ. I am sure I payment shall be made? In the investigation of by whom these charges have been made here to need not say one word to my colleague with a this subject we are met my my honorable col- justify the action of this House. view to reconcile him to the course which I have league (Mr. Bayly) and others with this view of Mr. McMULLIN. I did not state that they taken in reference to this matter. That gentleman | the case: If you undertake to direct the payment had been made upon the floor of the House of knows full well that there are but few men, if any, of this indemnity otherwise than as provided for Representatives, but I stated they have been preupon this floor, whose capacity and efficiency as by the treaty stipulations, you will throw a re- ferred in the newspapers. a legislator I appreciate more highly than his. sponsibility upon an irresponsible source. In Mr. DISNEY. With the permission of the But I thought then, as I think now, that there other words, it was contended, as it is contended gentleman from Virginia, I would like to address was something wrong in relation to the payment now, that the Executive Department of this Gov- a word to the chairman of the Committee of of this Mexican indemnity. I understand, sir, ernment, as the treaty-making power, must see to Ways and Means, (Mr. Houston.) that this subject will be discussed at some length, the payment of this money. Now, I ask the Mr. McMULLIN. Certainly, sir. and my object is simply to call the attention of \ gentleman at the head of the Committee of Ways Mr. DISNEY. As I understand it, this whole the House to the fact, that in the payment of the and Means, if the Mexican Government shall affair is simple in its character and easily to be arlast Mexican indemnity, there was a loss to this agree to receive this indemnity by means of any rived at. Charges have been made in the public Government of some sixiy or eighty or one hun- other agent or agents than Corcoran & Riggs, prints of this city, that while the Mexican Gov. dred thousand dollars, because of the manner in and those British bankers, by which the Mexican ernment, through its accredited Minister here, which that payment was made; in other words, if | Government shall save one or two hundred thou- || expressed its willingness and desire to have this the payment had been differently made-made sand dollars, and the American Government some money paid here upon the draft of the Mexican Gov. by agents who proposed to make it, other than sixty or eighty thousand dollars, whether it is not ernment, and thus to consult at once the wishes, Corcoran & Riggs, and those British bankers, competent, without calling for another treaty, thus interest, and policy of the Mexican Government, there would have been a saving to the American to provide for the payment of the money? To as well as the pecuniary interest of the United Government of some sixty or eighty thousand my mind it is competent for the Government to States, it was the pleasure of the Executive De