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the convention that nominated VALLANDIG- tional and oppressive and unjust the same may

appear, he must submit thereto, until such ,

laws are repealed, or declared null and void by “That we will earnestly support every con- the proper tribunals. stitutional measure tending to preserve the 1679. That we tender our army, and espeUnion of the States. No men have a greater cially the members of our minnesota regiments, interest in its preservation than we have. our heartfelt thanks for their patriotic devoNone desire it more. There are none who tion to their country, and we also tender our will make greater sacrifices or endure more sympathy to the survivors of the gallant dead, than we will to accomplish that end. We are, who have offered up their lives as a sacrifice for the Constitution and the Union, and we have lasting gratis and won for themselves the everno sympathy with the enemies of either."



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The following is from the celebrated “RYAN

The following was passed by the Democracy Address,>'. adopted by the Democracy, in Mass of the House of Representatives of PennsylConvention at Milwaukee, September, 1862, vania, against the united' votes of the opposi. and reaffirmed. in 1863:

sition, in 1863: sWe aim the right on their behalf and our

"That Pennsylvania will adhere to the Conown, to censure the political acts of the Ad-stitution and the Union as the best, it may be

the last hope of popular freedom, and for all ministration, when we think that they deserve it, and to do all lawfully within our power to

wrongs which may have been committed, or

evils which may exist, will seek redress under sustain the supremacy of the Constitution in all places north or south, and over all persons

the Constitution and within the Union, by the in office and out of it. And to that end we de- peaceful but powerful agency of the suffrage of

à free people. vote our hearts, minds, estates, to aid the Administration in the most vigorous and speedy | demins and denounces the faults of the Admin

“That while the General Assembly conprosecution of the war waged against the Union istration, and the encroachments of the Aboliby the revolted states. We believe that in so doing we fulfil the most sacred duty we owe to tionists, it does also most thoroughly condemn

and denounce the heresy of Secession, as unthe constitution.

"And to this, we solemly pledge the faith of warranted by the Constitution, and destructive our party and ourselves, until the war be end-alike of the security and perpetuity of governed and the constitution restored, as the su

ment and of peace and liberty; the people of preme law of the land, in every state of the the State are opposed to any division of this preme law of the land, in every state of the Union; and will persistently exert their whole Union."

influence and power under the Constitution to

maintain and defend it." The following, among others, was adopted at the Democratic nominating State Conven

The Democracy of the Legislature of Illintion, in 1863:

ois, in 1863, among others, adopted the fol"11. Resolved, That we are proud of the

lowing: gallantry and devotion of our fellow citizens serving in the land and naval forces of the

Resolved, That while we condemn and deUnited States, and sympathize deeply with all their sacrifices of life, health and comfort. by the Administration, and encroachments by

nounce the flagrant and monstrous usurpations End as the war may, their place in history is Abolitionism, we equally denounce and conone of glory-successful whenever beyond the demn the ruinous heresy of secession, as unreach of corrupt political influences surround- warranted by the Constitution, and destructive ing the administration, failing from no fault of alike of the society and perpetuity of our govtheir own whenever within the reach of those ernment, and the peace and liberty of the peoinfluences, equally brave and patriotic in eith

ple." er fortune, they are the glorious brothers of our blood and will never make good the brutal THE DEMOCRACY OF CONNECTICUT. boast that when they shall have suppressed re

The following we take from the Democratic bellion in the south, they will turn their arms against their brethren in the north."

platform of 1863 :

"2d. That while as citizens of Connecticut,

we assert our devotion to the Constitution and We select the following from the platform the Union, and will hereafter, as we have adopted by the Democracy in State Conren- heretofore, support with zeal and energy, the

authorities of the U. S. in the full constitution July 26, 1863:

tional exercise of their powers, we deliberate66. That it is the duty of every citizen toly aver that the liberties of the people are obey the laws, and that however unconstitu- | menaced by congressional and federal usurpa





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tions, and can only be stopped by energetic action of State authority."

On the 28th of June, 1863, the Democratic

and conservative members of Congress unaniThe following is taken from the address of mously passed the following, among other res

olutions: the Democratic members of the Legislature of 1863 :

"Resolved, That the Constitution and the

Union and the laws must be preserved and " The Democratic party, if in power to-day, maintained in all their proper and rightful suwould put down this rebellion, and restore the premacy, and that the rebellion now in arms Union as it was in six months, and by the hon- against them must be suppressed and put est and lawful method of subduing combat- down, and that it is our duty to vote for all tants, and protecting those not in arms against measures necessary and proper to that end.?? the government. It would make no war on States, and populations. It would overthrow the guilty rebel wherever found in arms. It would confiscate nothing that did not belong to a fighting traitor to the Union.

Gov. Seymour's Proclamation. A Democratic Administration would see that our victorious legions marched wherever there

The following we select from Gov, SEYwas an armed foe to conquer."

MOUR's proclamation, issued in response to the

President's call for troops, October 29, 1863: DEMOCRACY OF COLUMBUS, OHIO.

"In this emergency it is the duty of all citiThe following clearly defines the position of zens to listen to the appeal put forth by the the Democracy everywhere. It is the first of President, and to give efficient and cheerful a series of resolutions passed by the Democracy mies. It is due to our brethren

in the field,

aid in filling up the thinned ranks of our arof Columbus, Ohio, in 1863:

who have battled so heroically for the flag of "Resolved, That the present war should be our country, the Union of the states, and to carried on to maintain the supremacy of the uphold the Constitution, and prompt and volConstitution and the enforcement of all consti- untary assistance should be sent to them in tutional laws, and that when this is accomplish- in the full confidence that they would at all ed, the war ought to cease."

times receive from their fellow citizens at DEMOCRACY OF MADISON, WISCONSIN. home a generous and efficient support.

“Every motive of pride and patriotism should The Democracy of Madison, Wisconsin, in impel us to give this by voluntary and cheerJuly, 1863, met to celebrate the taking of ful contributions of men and money, and not Vicksburg, and adopted the following resolu. by a forced conscription or coercive action on

the part of the government. tions:

Gov. Seymour's Message. Resolved, That the Democracy of the city of Madison and Dane county rejoice with ex- The following paragraph is taken from the ceeding great joy,, at the surrender of Vicks- message of Gov. SEYMOUR to the New York burg, the great Sebastopol of the Mississippi Valley, and that our thanks are due and here

Lngislature, :January, 1863: by tendered to Major General Grant and the

"We must accept the condition of affairs as brave troops under his command for this glori- they stand. At this moment the fortunes of our ous achievement that while we tender our country are influenced by the results of batsympathies to those who have been wounded in tles. Our armies in the field must be supported. battle, we embrace the mournful privilege of All constitutional demands of our General offering our sympathy and condolence to the Government must be promptly responded to! friends and relatives of those brave men who But, war alone will not save the Union. The have fallen while defending the Constitution rule of action which is used to put down an orand Union of our fathers.

dinary insurrection is not applicable to a wide"Resolved, That we award a like mede of spread armed resistance of great communities. praise and sympathy for sufferers in the Army It is wildness and folly to shut our eyes to this of the Potomac, who have so bravely and so truth. Under no circumstances can the division heroically defended the soil of Pennsylvania of the Union be conceded. We will put forth from the polution of rebel invasion.

every exertion of power. We will hold out Resolved, In the spirit of the resolution pass- every inducement to the people of the South to ed by the last Congress, that the war ought to be return to their allegiance, consistent with vigorously prosecuted for the establishment of honor. the National authority, and the supremacy of "We will guarantee them every right, every the constitution and laws over every foot of our consideration, demanded by the Constitution, territory, and when that object is obtained the and by that fraternal regard which must prewar ought to cease"

vail in a common country. But we can never

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voluntarily consent to the breaking up of the of all measures and laws whatsoever, as in Union of these states, or the destruction of the former times, but for forcibleresistance to none. Constitution."

The ballot-box, and not the cartridge-box, is

the instrument for reform and revolution which Gov. Parker's Proclamation.

I would have resorted to. Let this be underOn the 22d of October, 1863, Governor PAR- stood.

"O. L. VALLANDIGHAM." KER, of New Jersey, issued a proclamation in response to the President's call for troops, in Mr. Vallandigham in Congress. which occurs the following:

The Abolitionists for months paraded through "I earnestly call upon every citizen of this their columns what purported to be an extract state to use every effort to raise these troops. from a speech of Mr. V. in Congress, that he

The time for work is short; but, if the people would not vote a dollar for the war, &c. Here of New Jersey, who have hitherto never fal

is what he did say : tered in the discharge of duty, will, unitedly and in the proper spirit, at once enter upon it, "For my own part, sir, while I would not with a determination not to fail, they will suc- in the beginning have given a dollar or a man ceed.

to commence this war, I am willing-now that "Our armies should be largely reinforced. A we are in the midst of it without any act of crushing blow at the armed power of the re- Ou7S-TO VOTE JUST AS MANY MEN AND JUST bellion, if followed by wise, just and concilia

AS MUCH MONEY AS MAY BE NECESSARY TO tory counsels, will open the door to the peace PROTECT AND DEFEND THE FEDERAL GOVERNwhich we so much desire, and which has thus

IT WOULD BE BOTH TREASON far eluded us." ·




IT !! candidate for Governor of Wisconsin, presided at a patriotic meeting at Milwaukee. In ad

Democrats Rejoice at our Victories. dressing the vast assemblage he used the fol- The following short extract from an editorial lowing language:

in the Chicago Post of July 11, 1863; speaks "A most gigantic and stupendously wicked volumes of praise for the Democracy : rebellion has arisen to destroy, with bloody 66. The best answer to Gen. Singleton's un and raricidal hands, this fair fabric raised at conditional peace speeches is to be found in the cost of our father's blood; and now we are the universal rejoicing by the democratic pacalled upon to put it down and save our loved pers of the country, over the victories of land. I trust we stand here to-day as Ameri- Meade and Grant. In these rejoicings we have cans only, and that we shall not fail in effect

an impression of the true democratic sentiive measures to answer the call of our country ment. They are unconditional rejoicings.and to send succor to our brothers in arms and They are not qualified by regrets that the war peril in the South."

is not a constitutional one, or that it is a bar

barous one, or that it is a war to overturn and Et tu Vallandigham.

destroy the liberties of the people ; but the reEven VALLANDIGHAM, who has been so un- joicings are earnest and universal that the mercifully and fouly villified as a traitor, ut

armed rebels against the Constitution and the

Union have been beaten, defeated and cut to tered the following patriotic sentiments in re- pieces by the troops of the United States. It ply to a charge of the New York Times that he is claimed that these victories are as honorable counselled resistance to law:

and as brilliant as though they were gained

over any other enemy seeking to destroy the "NEW YORK, March 8, 1863. American Union. In these victories the dem. To the Editor of the New York Times:

ocratic papers, and the demon Stories the dem"Allow me to say that the statement of your rywhere see a hope that the Administration reporter that I denied that we owed any obedi- will learn and profit by the lesson that armed ence to the Conscription act, and your own rebellion cannot be crushed except by force of that I counselled resistance to it by the people arms; that paper proclamations and cruel laws of the North, are both incorrect. On the con- only serve to exasperate the enemy, who is to trary, I expressly counselled the trial of all be put down by blows and offers of pardon upquestions of law before our judicial courts, and on proper submission." all questions of politics before the tribunal of the ballot-box. I AM FOR OBEDIENCE TO ALL LAWS-obedience by the people and by men in The New York Times, after months of idle power also. I am for a free discussion of all and slanderous denunciations of the Demo. . questions of law before our judicial courts, and all questions of politics before the tribunal cratic party, was compelled to make the fol. of the ballot-box. I am for a free discussion | lowing admission:


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"We have never doubted that the great body | resumed, in a considerable degree, the normal of the Democratic party are for preserving the character, and while loyal republicans have Union and crushing the rebellion, which adhered to the new banner of the Union paralone threatens its existence. We do not doubt ty, the democratic party has rallied and made that they look upon a vigorous prosecution of a vigorous canvass with a view to the recovery the war as the only means by which that result of its former political ascendency. Loyal demcan be brought about. And, in spite of all the ocrats in considerable numbers, retaining the efforts that may be made to drive or seduce the aame of democracy from habit, and not beDemocratic party from that position, we because they oppose the Union, are classified by lieve it will hold it with fidelity and firmness, he other party as 'Opposition.' It is not neand will insist upon the adoption of that policy ce sary for the information of our representaby this administration and by any other that tives abroad that I should descend into any exmay succeed it. We are well aware that the amination of the relative principles or policies Democratic party does not indorse very many of the two parties. It will suffice to say that of the acts of the administration. We have no while there may be men of doubtful political right to ask such an indorsement at its hands.. wisdom and virtue in each party, and while Upon any of the details of administration, there may be differences of opinion between upon any of the measures which the President the two parties as to the measures best calcuand Congress may see fit to adopt, that party lated to preserve the Union and restore its auhas a perfect right to its own opinions. It may thority, yet it is not to be inferred that either with perfect propriety protest against the pro- party, or any considerable portion of the peoclamation of emancipation, the policy of arbi- ple of the loyal States, is disposed to accept trary, arrests, the enlistment of negro soldiers disunion under any circumstances, or upon and any other measure of the administration." any terms. It is rather to be understood that The Philadelphia Press, the court organ of the people have become so confident of the sta

bility of the Union that partizan combinations the administration, thus slurs at a Democratic are resuming their sway here, as they do in resolution:

such cases in all free countries. In this coun

try, especially, it is a habit not only entirely "The Lancaster county copperheads had a

consistent with the Constitution, but even esconvention, a few days ago, and adopted a sential to its stability, to regard the adminisnumber of platitudes, which they called resolutions. The following is one of the most arable from the government itself, and to can

tration at any time existing as distinct and sepprecious of the number:

vass the proceedings of the one without the Resolved, That the soldiers fighting in our armies mer- thought of disloyaliy to the other. We might it the warmest thanks of the nation. Living, they shall possibly have had quicker success in suppressdying, they shall live in our memories, ts) touch posterity ing the insurrection if this habit could have to honor patriotsand 11:14 acri.iced their lives rested a little longer in abeyance ; but, on the upon theircountry's :: 1 :::

other hand, we are under obligations to save We copy this especially as a compliment.

not only the integrity or unity of the country, but also its inestimable and precious Constitution. No one can safely say that the resump

tion of the previous popular habit does not We find in a cotemporary the following reso- tend to this last and most important consumlution, said to have been adopted by a political mation, if, at the same time, as we confident

ly expect, the Union itself shall be saved." Convention in the state of Maryland:


LOCRACY "Resolved, That there is no such thing in in times of rebellion as supporting the Nation- Judge PAINE, a most intensely radical aboal Government without supporting the Admin- litionist, and one of the judges of the Wisconsin istration of the National Government; that the administration of the National Government is Supreme Court, addressed a “Union” meeting confided by the Constitution to the President, at Madison, Wisconsin, May 14, 1863, and we assisted in his several spheres of duty by the take the following from his remarks, as reportadministrative departments, and therefore the ed in the State Journal (Radical) of the folmeasures of the President and the general policy of the Administration should, under the lowing day: present trying circumstances of the country, "The speaker thought the President possesbe sustained by all true patriots in a spirit of sed all necessary sowers under the constitution, generous confidence, and not thwarted by cap- and that he should be governed by that instrutious criticism or factious opposition."

ment in war as well as in peace. He agreed with As a full reply to this we present the follow- the Democrats in this from the official dispatch of Secretary SeWard to our Minister at London, of November Gov. SEYMOUR has been the best abused man 10, 1862 :

in all the nation. No term could be heaped up4. From whatever cause it has happened, po

on him too vile for the tastes and appetites of litical debates during the present year have the radical press. But the following will show






that Ke stands in a much more patriotic light


June 27, 1863. before the world for his prompt responses,


"DEAR SIR:--I cannot forbear expressing does Gov. ANDREW, who hesitated-held back, to you the deep obligation I feel for the prompt and was long months in doing what Gov. S. ac- and candid support you have given to the Govcomplished in a few hours. The following cor

ernment in the present emergency. The enerrespondence will explain itself:

gy, activity, and patriotism you have exhibited

I may be admitted personally and officially to On the 15th of June, 1863, Mr. STANTON acknowledge, without arrogating any personal telegraphed to Gov. S. as follows:

claims on my part to such service, or to any

service whatever. " To his Excellency, Gov. Seymour:

"I shall be happy always to be esteemed "The movements of the rebel forces in Vir- your friend, ginia are now_sufficiently developed to show

"His Excellency, HORATIO SEYMOUR." that General Lee, with his whole army, is moving forward to invade the states of Mary- What, a friend to the friend" of the New land and Pennsylvania, and other states. York rioters? Incredible!

"The President, to repel the invasion promptly, has called upon Ohio, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Western Virginia, for one hundred thousand militia for six months, unless sooner discharged. It is important to have

CHAPTER XXXVII. the largest possible force in the least possible

MISCELLANEOUS FACTS AND FIGURES, time, and if other states would furnish militia for a short time, to be credited in the draft, it Political sine qua'non of Wisconsin Legislature....Still re

fuse to yield an inch....N. Y. Round Table on Lincoln's would greatly advance the object. Will you

Amnesty Proclamation... Two Millions in Men....Three please inform me immediately, if, in answer to Millions in Money...Is a National Debt a National Blessà special call of the President, you can raise ing... A Negro Nobility... Effects of a High. Tariff... Vicksand forward say twenty thousand militia as

burg Discipline... Will the Rebellion succeed...1,685,000

Democratic Votes in the Loyal States....Gross Outrage by volunteers, without bounty, to be credited in

Abolitionists at Boscobel, Wisconsin. the draft of your state, or what number you can possibly raise? E. M. STANTON, Sec y of War.

The following not having been convenient for Governor S. promptly sent an affirmative use under their proper heads, we insert them answer, and in a few hours several regiments here, without attempting to link them in arguwere under marching orders. The "roads" mentative form : didlswarm.On the same day he received


“WASHINGTON, June 15, 1863. The following remarkable declaration introGOVERNOR SEYMOUR:

duced by a Mr. STARKS in the Wisconsin As"The President desires me to return his thanks, with those of the Department, for sembly, Jan. 21, '64, and adopted by all the your prompt response. A strong movement of Republican votes of that body, shows to what your city regiments to Philadelphia would be a extremes we are drifting : very encouraging movement, and do great good in giving strength in that state.

"Resolved by the Assembly, the Senate con"EDWIN M. STANTON,

curring' That as our country, and the very ex“Secretary of War." istence of the best Government ever instituted

by man, are imperi.led by the most causeless The following telegrams, sent at different and wicked rebellion the world has ever seen intervals, under all the circumstances of abuse believing, as we do, that the only hope of savon Governor S., is a better eulogy than our pening the country and preserving the government

is in the power of the sword-we are for the could frame:

most vigorous prosecution of the war, until the WASHINGTON, June 19, 1863. constitution and laws shall be enforced and "TO ADSUTANT GENERAL SPRAGUE:

obeyed in all parts of the United States, and "The President directs me to return his to that end we oppose any armistice, interventhanks to his Excellency Governor Seymour, tion, mediation or proposition for peace, from and his staff, for their energetic and prompt any source whatever, so long as the rebels are action. Whether any further force is likely to found in arms against the government, and we be required will be communicated to you to ignore all party lines, names and issues, and morrow, by which time it is expected the recognize but two parties, patriots and tritors. movements of the enemy will be more fully de- To show how they "ignored all party lines,' veloped. "EDWIN M. STANTON

we copy the fourth and last of the series:.

“Secretary of War. "JOHN T. SPRAGUE, Adjutant General.'

"Resolved, That we recognize in Abraham

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