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They belonged to another class in the same

Etymology. school, under the care of a different teacher, and one of them, speaking for the rest an

We copy the following from the educationswered,

al column of the Delaware County (Pa.) “Yes, sir ; we love to go to school, too. American. The writer had perhaps read the Our teacher makes the class-room so pleas- article in the October number of THE SCHOOLant!”

MASTER, signed Philologos. “() happy teacher!” I said to myself ;

It sustains the positions of Philologos, and “you have earned a reward better than the urges upon the people of Pennsylvania, - a laurels and the triumphs of conquerors. Such place where of the whole country etymological a tribute is worthy of a glorious and faithful study is most pursued – the importance of service to these young hearts.”

greater prominence to the study. If the peoAnd I have a thousand times pondered over

ple of the Keystone State need such advice, the words of these happy girls, as they went

how much more the teachers of New Eng

land, especially of Khode Island, where alon their way with blithesome step, and left

most no attention is given to the subject. the impress on my own mind that “their

We wish we could see the English language teacher made their class-room so pleasant.”

studied in our public schools as the language Co-workers in the great office of the teach

of Virgil is studied in our academies and col. er! Let no word, no look, no act of yours

leges. — Ed. ever wantonly wound the heart of one of

“ From reports before us from several of the your pupils. It may become the grief of a

States, concerning the progress of popular edlife-time! It may leave a wound which years ucation, amidst the cheering aspect that is of after intercourse will not have the


presented, one thing is a matter of great surto obliterate. Though the pang and the

prise — the dearth of etymological instrucsmart may soon pass away, and the sensibili

tion. To us this seems the very basis of a ty become indifferent to the wrong, yet in that

good and sound English education, and withyoung heart a mark will be made which time

out which no one is competent to fully commay not efface, and affection may not remove.

prehend his own tongue. Yet strange to say, Blessed is that teacher who sees the youth

in many sections the study is even at this day committed to his charge growing up to honor

a new one, and in others unknown. Even and usefulness, and who can feel that in their

in Yankee New England, whose pride is in its training every effort has been made to imitate

system of education, and that points us to her the Great Teacher who will at last examine

schools as models for us to imitate our work, and will stamp it with the seal of

she, amidst all her eclat — is sadly deficient a glorified immortality.-N. Y. Independent.

in this branch of study. Schools there, of

enviable reputation - endowed amply by pubAdvice is like show: the softer it falls, and lic and private munificence, and under the the longer it dwells upon, the deeper it sinks supervision of celebrated men — have, in into the mind.

many places no course of etymological study.

Parrot-like they drive their pupils through A real book always makes you feel that the memorizing process, and never ask a there is more in the writer than anything that question on the structure of words. It is inhe has said.--Mrs. BEECHER STOWE.

deed a matter of astonishment to the travel.

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er through Rhode Island, or her sister states, " Debate on the Bill Establishing Free when he observes the noble structures erected

Schools, as temples of education, with the tens of At the January Session of the Rhode Island thousands of pupils attending them, that

Legislature, A. D. 1828." they have yet to begin to teach one of the

EXTRACTS from the remarks of Mr. Watergreat fundamentals — the origin and etymo

man of Warwick, in opposition to the bill: logical pedigree of words. We suppose that

“ In providing to establish free schools, cerin no portion of the United States is this

tain principles ought always to be kept in study more general than in Eastern Pennsyl

view. That every child in the state to be provania; and even here it has but recently come

vided for, is entitled to equal rights and privinto general use. We have visited

ileges and ought to enjoy equal benefits in all schools where this study is pretended to be

appropriationis for that object, are positions I taught, but discarding the important part of

maintain to be correct, and which I think no the study, they sometimes convert it into the

member of this house will attempt to controsame old sing-song memorizing process, with

vert. Then, sir, if this be correct ground, let out saying one word about structure.

us examine the provisions of this bill, and see As every one acquainted with this branch whether they accord with those principles.” knows — its superiority is manifest from the fact that the student arrives at a knowledge

“ The provision of this (first] section makes of the meaning of the word by the word it

a distribution of the money to be set apart for self. He examines its prefixes, and its past- the support of free schools to the several towns fixes, and its radical, and from these he gath- in the state, according to their wealth ; it then ers the true meaning of the word. As the follows, that a few of the wealthy towns are naturalist when shown some antique skeleton, to receive a large proportion of the appropriadetermines from the formation of it, the class, tion, whereas all the rest of the towns, who the natury, and the disposition of the animal,

are less wealthy in proportion to their popuetymology develops to the student the intent of lation, and having more than double the numwords.

ber to educate, are to receive but a trifle more This article is written with the hope that it than those few wealthy towns." will induce directors to look to the matter,

“ In taking a view of the extent of territoand see that this very important study is

ry of the several towns in the state, some idea taught in their schools. They will find it

may be formed of the number of schools which will prove of much advantage to every pupil, it would be necessary to have established. giving him not only correct ideas of his own

Excepting a few towns, the rest would, with language, and of the meaning of its words,

some little deviation, require a school district but also from an examination of the roots, it to each five or six square miles, which would will aid him, should he ever need it in the

require say for the county of Providence, 66 study of other tongues."

school districts, Newport 29, Washington 64,

Kent 32, Bristol 9, making in the whole state IF good people could but make goodness 200 districts; and adopting, in the absence of agreeable, and smile, instead of frowning in other data, the number of free white inhabitheir virtue, how many would they win to the tants under sixteen years of age, as a rule of good cause.

estimate, it would not make any material difference in a distribution to the several towns now in the General Treasury, ten thousand If made in proportion to the population to be dollars be set apart and exclusively appropribenefited (say between the ages of five and ated, in the manner hereinafter mentioned, sixteen years) and although taken from the as a fund for the support of public schools, Census of 1820. Since then the north part of and to be denominated the school fund. the state has increased its population and “ Sec. 2. That the governor and secretary wealth, whereas the south part, including the for the time being, be and are hereby consticounties of Newport, Washington, and Brise tuted commissioners of said fund; whose tol, has probably not increased in the same duty it shall be to invest in bank stock of the ratio. Yet I would not have it understood banks of this state, the sum hereby approprithat any rule of estimate, either of popula- ated, together with the interest thereon as the tion or valuation, made several years ago, same shall accrue, and such further approprivught to be adhered to, but the population or ations as the general assembly may hereafter valuation, at or near the time of making the make, or such donations as may be made by distribution, ought to be the rule established.” | individuals or corporations, for the same pur

pose. " This (second) section compels the towns " Sec. 3. That said commissioners shall to provide school houses, and to make taxes, keep a regular account, in a book to be pro&c., and they must swallow it, whether they vided for that purpose, and to remain in the like it or not it must go down, or they will secretary's office, of all moneys by them renot be entitled to any benefit from the appro-ceived, of whom, on what account, and how priation made by the state for the support of invested, and report annually to the general free schools. Now, sir, can any man in his assembly on the first Wednesday of May, or right senses (I do not appeal to any one whose oftener if required, a particular statement and senses are inflated with vanity), suppose, for account of said fund, and their proceedings a moment, that the provisions of the first and generally in relation to the same. second sections of this bill, are calculated to " Sec. 4. That the interest of said fund induce the people of this state to enter heart shall be applied to the support of public and soul into the support of free schools? I schools whenever the general assembly shall will leave the question for the advocates of direct the same, and shall be distributed this bill to answer.

among the several towns in the state in prou “The other sections of the bill may be con- portion to the free white population in each sidered as necessary, with some few excep-town between the ages of five and sixteen tions, for carrying into operation the provis- years.” {on of the first and second. I will not, however, take up any more of the time of the " Sir, in concluding my remarks, I would house in considering this bill, but will proceed say to those who are in favor of establishing to the consideration of a substitute. I shall free schools immediately, be patient a little in due time move to amend the bill, by strik- while and you will have your wishes, whereing out the whole of it, after the enacting as if you push the subject imprudently, declause in the first section, with the view of feat will follow as a matter of course.” substituting the following:

" Sec. 1. Be it enacted, That of the money Light things will agitate little minds.

Hymn of the Marseillaies.

blies, and in the stormy strcet convocation.

De Lisle's mother heard it, and said to her The Marseillaise was inspired by genius, son, “ What is this revolutionary hynm, sung patriotism, youth, beauty, and champagne. by bands of brigands, and with which your Rouget de Lisle was an officer of the garrison name is mingled ?” De Lisle heard it and at Strasburg, and a native of Mount Jura. shuddered as it sounded through the streets He was an unknown poet and composer. He of Paris, rung from the Alpine passes, while had a peasant friend named Dietrick, whose he, a royalist, fled from the infuriated people, wife and daughters were the only critics and frenzied by his own words. France was a admirers of the soldier poet's song. One great amphitheater of anarchy and blood, and night he was at supper with his friend's fami- De Lisle's song was the battle cry. ly, and they had only coarse bread and slices There is no national air that will compare of ham. Dietrick, looking sorrowfully at De with the Marseillaise in sublimity and power; Lisle, said, “ Plenty is not our feast, but we it embraces the soft cadences full of the peashave the courage of a soldier's heart; I have ant's home, and the stormy clangor of silver still one bottle left in the cellar — bring it, and steel when an empire is overthrown; it my daughter, and let us drink to liberty and endears the memory of the wine dressers cotour country!”

tage, and makes the Frenchman in his exile, The young girl brought the bottle; it was cry“ La belle France!” forgetful of the torch, soon exhausted, and De Lisle went stagger

and sword, and guillotine, which have made ing to bed. He could not sleep for the cold, his country a specter of blood in the eyes of but his heart was warm and full of the beat the nations. Nor can the foreigner listen to it, ing of genius and patriotism. He took a sung by a company of exiles, or executed by small clavicord and tried to compose a song:

a band of musicians, without feeling that it is sometimes the words were composed first

the pibroch of battle and war. sometimes the air. Directly he fell asleep over the instrument, and waking at daylight, wrote down what he had conceived in the Ye sons of France, awake to glory! delirium of the night. Then he waked the Hark! hark, what myriads bid you rise! family, and sang his production : at first the Your children, wives, and grandsires hoary, woman turned pale, then wept, then burst

Behold their tears and hear their cries! forth in a cry of enthusiasm. It was the song

Behold their tears and tear their cries! of the nation and of terror.

Shall hateful tyrants, mischiefs breeding,

With hireling hosts, a ruffian band, Two months afterwards, Dietrick went to

Affright and desolate the land, the scaffold listening to the self same music, While peace and liberty lie bleeding ? composed under his own roof and under the

To arms! to arms, ye brare! Inspiration of his last bottle of wine. The peo- Th'avenging sword unsheath! ple sang it everywhere; it flew from city to city, March on! march on! all hearts resolved to every public orchestra. Marseilles adopted On victory or death! the song at the opening and close of its clubs,

Now, now the dangerous storm is rolling, - hence the name, “Hymn of the Marseil

Which treacherous kings confederate raise ; laise." Then it sped all over France.

The dogs of war, let loose, are howling – They sung it in their houses, in public assem

And lo! our walls and cities blaze !


And shall we basely view the ruin,

For the Schoolmaster.
While lawl ss force, with guilty stride,

Phonetics and its Objectors.
Spreads desolation far and wide,
With crimes and blood his hands embruing ?

At the teachers' institute which was ap.
To arms, &c.

pointed and superintended by our respected With luxury and pride surrounded,

and efficient Commissioner of Public Schools, The vile, insatiate despots dare,

and ending on the 8th ultimo, the subject of Their thirst of gold and power unbounded, phonetics was considered in the course of inTo mete and vend the light and air.

structive lectures and drill exercises. Belier. Like beasts of buruen would they load us-- ing that our esteemed and edifying lecturer Like gods would bid their slaves adore

spoke in sincerity and unbiased by prejudice, But man is man- - and who is more?

we pen the following in a kindred spirit, not Then shall they longer lash and goad us?

so much to extenuate his objections to the To arms, &c.

phonetic reform, or to advocate any " inova. Oh, liberty ! can man resign thee,

tion," as to show the other side of the ques. Once having felt thy generous flame?

tion. Judging, however, from the nature of Can dungeons, bolts, and bars confine thee ?

his objections, we conclude that they were the Or whips thy noble spirit tame?

result of a limited knowledge of the subjectToo long the world has wept, bewailing That falsehood's dagger tyrants wield

matter. We reported his lecture, but as space But freedom is our sword and shield,

will not admit of an elaborate reply, it is neAnd all their arts are unavailing.

cessary to consider the principal parts of his To arms, &c.

remarks, which, being condensed, represent

him to say, substantially, that Indestructibility of Enjoyment.

First. We should do away with silent letMANKIND are always happier for having ters, the keys to the origin of words; lose been happy; so that if you make them happy the history wrapped up in them and destroy now, you make them happy twenty years their relationship to other languages, which is hence, by the memory of it. A childhood indicated by their orthography. passed with a due mixture of rational indul- This will be considered as an etymological gence, under fond and wise parents, diffuses objection. It must be conceded that all primover the whole of life a feeling of calm pleas- itive languages were originally, more or less ure; and, in extreme old age, is the very last phonetic. If they had been constructed on & remembrance which time can erase from the purely phonetic basis their pronunciation mind of man. No enjoyment, however in- could be more easily determined now. The considerable, is confined to the present mo- labors of the etymologists are in vain, unless ment. A man is the happier for life, from they possess a knowledge of pronunciation, having made once an agreeable tour, or lived and as the science of etymology is founded for any length of time with pleasant people, upon the science of phonetics, it follows that or enjoyed any considerable interval of inno- phonetic spelling, instead of being a barrier cent pleasure ; which contributes to render to the praiseworthy researches of etymologists, old men so inattentive to the scenes before is a sure and safe guide. them, and carries them back to a world that The crowning invention of human intelleet is past, and to scenes never to be renewed is language, a collection of significant sounds again. - SYDNEY SMITH.

which should be represented by significant

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