Imágenes de páginas

ter, they all sleep in yonder church-yard or wan-! Now that we have each liveď the days of rest, der in foreign lands. Flowers which a sister's we must again put on the harness for labor --work hand once cherished, now droop in neglected sad- is the word - labor, cheerful labor. It is true that ness. The old halls, where once laughed a merry the teacher's is a routine of similar duties, and group, are now dark and unfrequented, and as the these are tedious, they wear upon the physical footstep treads the threshold the echo comes back man, and cause us to reach an early old age. But like a chill to his breast, -"All gone!” The ag- what occupation is there but is full of labor, ined sires still tremble on the verge of life, weary cessant, tiresome labor. But there is a reward. and sad from the sorrows of time.

The glory is not in the prize, but in the struggle.

The qualities which are essential to the success * Go to thy home, rejoicing son or daughter,

of any occupation are by no means of an extraorBear in fresh gladness to the household scene,

dinary nature. They are simply these, easily My spirit knoweth in its weary roving That with the dead, where'er they be, is mine."

spoken and more easily comprehended, --common

sense and perseverance. Says Rev. Sidney Smith: We are pleased to notice a fine catalogue of the

• The fact is, in order to do anything in this world " Buel Hall Family and Day School.” Providence, worth doing we must not stand shivering on the R. I. This gives the names of teachers and pupils, bank, and thinking of the cold and danger, but for the six years now past, ending July 11. 1862.jump in and scramble through as well as we can. Communications relating to the school should be

should be It will not do to be calculating risks and adjusting addressed to Rev. R. F. Buel, No. 44 Williams nice chances.

Williams nice chances. It did all very well before the flood, street, Providence, R. I.

when a man could consult his friends upon an in

tended publication for one hundred and fifty years, We congratulate the readers of THE SCHOOL- and then live to see its success for six or seven MASTER upon the accession to its columns of a new centuries afterwards; but at present a man waits, contributor. We refer to the writer of the article and doubts, and hesitates, and consults his brothon our opening pages upon “ The Younger Days er and his uncle and his cousin and his particular of Gibbon.” We hope to be treated to more of friends, till, one fine day, he finds that he is sixtythese interesting papers from the author's ready five years old." pen.

Let us go forth with a higher and more sacred

respect for our calling as teachers. Let the reWe have the Water Cure Journal under a new sponsibility of our positivn nerte us on to greater Dame - The Hygienic Teacher and Water Cure efforts, that we may, from year to year, see the cirJournal. This is a valuable and really interesting cle of our influence widening and enlarging, as we paper. It is edited with refined taste and ripe ex- send forth those into the community who shall perience. This journal should be in every family. bear our impress, and say to the world that though

humble the sphere, it is one on which the world HARPER'S New MONTHLY MAGAZINE has al-mainly depends for its welfare and ultimate elevaways been a favorite of ours, and the reason we tion in moral and Christian influence. cannot now speak of its rare qualities, is that we of the moral dignity of our profession thus have not been favored with an exchange for some speaks a Rhode Island man, the Rev. William time. Here's our hand, old friend.

Ellery Channing, who was born at Newport April

7th, 1780 : Our charming ladies companion and drawing. “One

"One of the sweetest signs of the regeneration room favorite. Godev. has not reached us for two of society will be the elevation of the art of teachor three months.

ing to the highest rank in community. When a “We miss thee at home, yes, we miss thee.”

people shall learn that its greatest benefactors and

most important members are men devoted to the THE ATLANTIC FOR ATGust is really the queen

liberal instruction of all its classes to the work of Monthlies. It is fast taking root in the affec

of raising to life its buried intellect - it will have tions and interest of our wisest readers. Read it.

opened to itself the path of true glory. There is

no higher office than that of a teacher of youth ; Sex for one of Tison Phinney & Co's Edua for there is nothing on earth so precious as the tional Circulars. You will get one for the asking.

mind, soul and character of the child. No office They are among our publishing princes.

should be regarded with greater respect. The first

minds in the community should be encouraged to We shall be greatly obliged to our kind contri- assume it. Parents should do all but impoverish butors if they will, in every case, favor us with the themselves to induce such to become the guardians name of the author. The reason is apparent. and guides of their children. To this good all

their show and luxury should be sacrificed.” A HARD QUESTION.-One of the questions is :/ "Does the policeman take care of the city, or A lady describing an ill-natured man, says, “he does the city take care of him?"

'never smiles but he feels ashamed of it."


nine millionths. From this sum subtract five bode Written Examinations.

dred thousand and twenty-three and eight thou.

sand seven hundred and nine millionths. MultiCOMMUNICATIONS for this Department should be ad- ply the remainder by four thousandths and divide dressed to A. J. MANCHESTER, Providence.

the product by thirty-five ten-thousandths.

3. What is meant by a common multiple ? By From the Massachusetts Teacher.

a common measure ? Give an example of eaeb. Examination Questions.---Normal School, 4. Find the superficial contents, in yards, of Boston, 1861.

the walls and ceiling of a room which is 15ft. Sin.

long, 14ft. 3in, wide, and 12ft. 2in. higb. HISTORY.

5. How many yards of carpeting fyd. wide will 1. What was the first permanent settlement in North America ?

it take to carpet a room 30ft. long and 18ft side ? 2. When and where was the first settlement in 6. Explain the rule for multiplying one fraction · Virginia ?

by another. 3. What effect upon America had the English effect upon America had the English

7. Redu

7. Reduce 5-7 to a fraction having 12 for a nu. revolution of 1688 ?

merator. 4 In what battle was General Wolf mortalla 8. Find the sum, difference, product, and quowounded? When was it fought? What other dis- tient of 18 1.9, and 4 3-5. tinguished general was mortally wounded in the

unded in the 9. 3-7 of 4-5 of 7-8 of a ship is worth 7-9 of 6-7 same battle?

of 9-16 of the cargo valued at $36.000. What is 5. What causes led to the war of the Revolu- / the value of the ship? tion ?

10. Explain the rule for division of decimals by 6. Give an account of the attack on Fort Moul-decimals. trie in 1776.

11. How many times will .5 of 1.75 be contain

ed in .25 of 171 ? 7. What was the Boston Port Bill ?

12. What is the amount of $8396.58 for 2 yrs. 8. What were the boundaries of the United

"10 mos. 22 d. at 6 per cent. ? - at 5 per cent. : States at the close of the Revolution ?

at 83 ? 9. What territory has been since acquired ?

13. What is the present worth of $175.64 pag. Name the date of each acquisition.

able in 1 yr. 8 mos. at 7 per cent. ? 10. Give some account of the Missouri Com

14. Bought 60 barrels of flour at 89 per barrel; promise.

but a part of it having been damaged, half of it 11. What measures of John Adams's adminis

was sold at a loss of 10 per cent., and the remain. tration excited dissatisfaction ?

der at $9.50 per bbl. How much was lost by the 12. Name three of the victories obtained by

bargain ? Gen. Scott in the Mexican War.

| 15. What is meant by ratio ? 13. Name the first and the last State admitted

| 16. The first term of a proportion is 83, the seto the Union since the original thirteen.

cond 11, and the fourth 6 2-11. What is the third 14, Name the Presidents who were elected from Virginia. What other States have given Presi-1'


17. If 12 men by working 9f hours per day, dents to the Union ?

during 5 days of the week, can in 9 weeks dig a 15. What Presidents have been elected by the House of Representatives ?

trench 539 feet long, 67 feet wide, and 2 10-11 feet

deep, how many weeks would it take 9 men, work. 16. How may it happen that a person may be

ing 10 hours per day during 6 days of the week, to elected President of the United States by the peo

dig a trench 450 feet long, 34 feet wide and 23 feet ple, without receiving a majority of the votes ?

deep. 17. What is the object of the Fugitive Slave

| 18. A and B can perform a piece of work in Law? In whose administration was it enacted ? 18. What important events in the history of the

15 5-11 days, B and C in 6ğ days and A and C in 6 United States have occurred since the last Presi

days. In what time would each perform the work

alone, and how long would it take them to do it dential election ?

all together? 19. Who was the first sole monarch of England?

| 19. A square field contains 73984 sq. rds. Re. 20. In what wars has England been engaged quired, the length of one side.

20. What is the depth of a cubical cellar, the since Victoria ascended the throne ?

cubical contents of which are equal to those of 28. ARITHMETIC.

Other cellar whose length, breadth and height are 1. Express by words the following quantities :

144, 36 and 9 feet respectively? 2000076540 ; 2304.05006; 1000000000.0000000001. 2. Add the followiug quantities : Eighty-two

GEOGRAPHY. thousandths; five and nine ten thousandths; three 1. Into what three departments is Geography million and five, and eighty thousand and thirty- divided. Define each.

2. What is Latitude ? Upon what is it mea-l 6. Give the plural of handful, talisman, who, sured? What is Longitude ? Upon what is it scarf. quarto, erratum, emphasis, folio, cargo, commeasured ?

mander-in-chief. 3. What is the latitude of the North Pole? 7. What is Gender ? Name and define the Tropic of Capricorn? Equator? Arctic Circle? genders.

4. On the 21st of June, which has the longer 8. Write the feminine of earl, wizzard, abbot, day, New York or London? Why?

executor, marquis, hero. 5. When it is 11 o'clock P. M. at Boston, what 9. What is Case? Name and define the cases. time is it at London ?

10. In what four ways is the nominative inde6. Name the principal gulfs and bays of Eu-pendent used ? rope.

11. How is the possessive singular formed ? 7. What rivers form the Ohio, and what city is Give an example. Name some exceptions to the at their junction ?

general rule. 8. What States are bounded in part by the Mis- 12. How is the possessive plural formed? Give sissippi river:

examples. 9. What bay is there between Nova Scotia and 13. When are words declinable? Give an exNew Brunswick, and for what is it remarkable ? ample of a declinable and of an indeclinable word. 10. What are the Trade Winds?

14. Decline in the singular and plural, which, I, 11. What countries border on the Mediterra- John, lady, man, life. nean sea, and what are the principal islands that

hat| 15. Define the degrees of comparison.

15 lie in it? 12. What mountains and what rivers would you

16. Of the following words, compare such as cross in going in a straight line from Paris to

admit of comparison: far, same, narrow, French,

thin, circular. Florence ?

13. Through what waters and near what coun. 17. What is a Verb? How are verbs divided tries would a vessel pass in going from Odessa to in respect to their signification and use ? How in Bristol, England, thence to St. Louis ?

respect to their form? 14. Describe the situation of Baltimore, Wash- 18. Give the principal parts of to write, to dare, ington, Richmond, Charleston and New Orleans, to flow, to fly, to flee, to knit, to eat, to set. ' and give the distance of each from New York. 19. Represent and name the principal marks

15. What are Llanos? - Pampas ? — Selvas ? used in punctuation, and tell their use.
16. What are tides? How are they caused ?
17. What are the northern and southern points

20. Correct the errors in the following sentenof Europe, Asia, Africa, North America and South

ces :

Where was you when I come to the house and America ?

set down to rest ? 18. Name the countries you would pass in fol

He done the work very easy. lowing the coast from Portland, Me., to San Fran

I havn't got but two pens and I cannot tell cercisco, Cal.

tain which is the best. 19. Sketch a map of Maryland, distinguish its

| The enemy whom I saw and told you was there, latitude and longitude, and mark the location of

flew at our approach. Washington and Baltimore.

Going towards his house, he come out to meet 20. Sketch a map of England, distinguish its

me with a person whom I expect was a friend. latitude and longitude, mark the situation of its principal mountains, the course of the Thames, the Severn, and the Mersey, and the position of

Our Book Table.
London, Liverpool and Bristol.

THE NEW GYMNASTICS FOR MEN, WOMEN AND 1. What are Rules of Grammar, and how are CHILDREN. With a translation of Prof. Klos's they formed ?

Dumb Bell Instructor and Prof. Schreber's Pan2. Analyze the following sentence: “Is it not

gymnastikon. By Dio Lewis, M. D., proprietor

of the Essex street Gymnasium, Boston. With strange that ever. his stout heart should now and three hundred illustrations. Boston: Ticknor then have sunk, when he reflected against what & Fields. 1862. odds and for what a prize he was in a few hours to Those who have enjoyed the personal instruccontend."

tion in the New Gymnastics” of Dr. Lewis will 3. Parse the italicized words in the above sen- eagerly grasp the new work just published. It is tence.

profusely illustrated, and so plainly written that it 4. What is a Noun? What are the properties may almost preclude the necessity of a teacher in of nouns, and into what classes are they divided ? the art. A fine article in the Atlantic Monthly sets

6. What is the general rule for forming the forth some of the leading principles of this work. plural of nouns, and what are the chief exceptions We hope it may become a text-book in all our to the rule ?

schools. Don't fail to send for one.



Cart for the Eyes. COMMUNICATIONS for this Department should be ad PRESCOTT, the historian, in consequence of a dressed to N. W. DEMUNN, Providence.

disorder of the nerve of the eye, wrote every word

of his Historicals" without pen or ink, as he For the Schoolmaster. The Zero Exponent.

could not see when the pen was out of ink, or

from any other cause failed to make a mark. He MR. EDITOR:- The zero exponent has a signi- used an agate stylus on carbonated paper, the ficance of its own, just as much as the sign + has. lines and edges of the paper being indicated by It would be as useless to attempt to prove by mathe- brass wires in a wooden frame. matical reasoning that ao= 1, as that + indicates' Crawford, the sculptor, the habit of whose life addition. Mathematicians have agreed to repre- had been to read in a reclining position, lost one sent the quantities in the third numbers of the fol

wird numbers of the folo eye, and soon died from the formation of a maliging equations by the form given in the corres

nant cancerous tumor behind the ball, which pushponding first numbers :

ed it out on the cheek.

There are many affections of the eyes which are a? = a - a= a*

radically incurable. Persons of scrofulous constial = a? + a= a

tutions, without ary special local manifestation of a = a + a = 1

it, often determine the disease to the eye by some 1

erroneous habit or practice, and it remains there a-1=1+ a=

for life. It is useful, therefore, to know some of

the causes which, by debilitating the eye, invite a- = - *

disease of it, or render it incapable of resisting adverse influences.

Avoid reading by candle or any other artificial a-3= -tar

light. &c., &c., &c.

Reading by twilight ought never to be indulged This method of notation is exceedingly conven- in. A safe rule is - never read after sun-down, ient in some mathematical operations, but espe- or before sun-rise. cially in discussing the theory of logarithms, which! Do not allow yourself to, read a moment in any are themselves but exponents.

reclining position, whether in bed or on a sofa. If the writer of the remarks in the last number. The practice of reading while on horseback, or of The SCHOOLMASTER was reasoning by analogy in any vehicle in motion by wheels, is most pernihe committed an error in one place. Let us re- cious. view his work, remembering that the factor 1 does Reading en steam or sail-vessels should not be not change the value of a product.

largely indulged in, because the slightest motion

of the page or your body alters the focal point, –= a^-1 =1 x 4 X 2 X 4 = ao and requires a painful straining effort to readjust


Never attempt to look at the sun while shining a3-1=1 xa x a = a*

unless through a colored glass of some kind; eren

a very bright moon should not be long gazed at. = a -1= 1 X a al

The glare of the sun on water is very injurious to the sight.

A sudden change between bright light and dark. -= al-1=1x0=0= ao.

ness is always pernicious. But why does he substitute ( for a in this last

In looking at minute objects, relieve the eyes operation, he has not done so in either of the oth

the oth frequently by turning them to something in the ers? If he had done this thing at first, he would

a distance. have obtained for his second equation,

Let the light, whether natural or artificial, fall

on the page from behind, a little to one side. al -=a3-1=1 xa xa x 0 = 0 = a? ; Every parent should peremptorily forbid all ser.

ing by candle or gas-light, especially of dark mabut this is evidently wrong. If he is reasoning byterials. analogy, he must have for his last equation,

If the eyes are matted together after sleeping, al

the most instantaneous and agreeable solvent in -=al-1=1= a'.

nature is the application of the saliva with the finBut this is not mathematical reasoning. It is?

ger before opening the eye. Never pick it off merely illustrating and defining the use of expo.

with the finger nail, but wash it off with the ball

of the fingers in quite warm water.-Hall's Journents. Fal River, July 9, 1861.

nal of Health.

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The R. J. Schoolmaster.

OCTOBER, 1862.



From the Pennsylvania School Journal. ally and legitimately suggests some of those Standard of Qualification of Teachers, and leading and essential acquirements which charthe Means of Rendering it Uniform acterize the true teacher,- those points of culThroughout the State.

ture which distinguish him from the mere scholREPORT READ BEFORE THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE ar. The other will introduce a few thoughts

conceruing a uniformity of quafication among CONVENTION.

the instructors of the youth of our State, so far The topic assigned to your committee for as the same may be considered practicable and this report embraces a wide field. It will be worthy the attention of the examining corps of impossible, even were it desirable, to search out the school department. This latter topic emand explore all its parts. Let it suffice if we braces the truly practical part of the subject, partially define its boundaries, and assign limits and will, therefore, command special attention. to that portion known as the departinent of the The elevation of the standard of qualification Counox SCHOOL.

among teachers, as a body of professional men Neither will it be pertinent to the occasion and women, is the great object which should and circumstances which have called us togeth- be constantly kept in view in all our efforts for er, to enter into a minute and extended detail the improvement of our system of public inof those items of knowledge essential or desira. struction. The system of examinations insti. ble to be possessed by those who assume the tuted by the law of 1854, has done much to. training and education of the youth of our ward the accomplishment of this end. The State. These will merit, at most, but a casual first series of these examinations held in the notice. We are here to deal with general truths several counties of the State, exhibited to sa. and principles bearing upon the administration rents and teachers the fact, that the qualificaof our great and heneficent system of educa. tions, intellectual (and in many cases, moral), tion. It will be of little importance, as respects of those assuming the exalted vocation of the our present purpose, to dwell upon technicali. teacher, had, through some agency, reached a ties and forms, or to animadvert upon those standard which could be designated only as minutiæ of science which, though of very great very low. The indifference of the influential importance to us individually, cannot enlighten classes in many of our most cultivated comwhile in search of those principles of thought munities, had contributed greatly to this end. that underlie every valuable acquirement of Failing to recognize the claims of our common the teacher.

system, they seemed content to see the law exeOur theme arranges itself, naturally, in two cuted in form and not in spirit - to know that divisions, and presents two distinct considera. teaching for namesake existed rather than the tions. The first, viz. : “ The standard of quali. reality. fication of teachers," is general; the second. The loose and well-nigh disjointed parts of a viz., " The means of rendering them uniform system, wisely conceived, were brought togeththroughout the State,” is special. One natur-'er and rendered compact by the act of the legis.

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