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Part 4. Music for concerts and singing school Hymn and Tune Book will have a rapid and ex« • exhibitions.

tensive sale, and will do much to hasten the inThe whole is designed as a complete Singer's troduction of congregational singing. God speed Manual, adapted to singing schools, the choir, the work. the social circle, concerts and exhibitions. Each part is sufficiently full for the purpose, and the GREENLEAF'S NATIONAL ARITHMETIC. – New selections both of secular and sacred music Electrotype Edition. R. S. Davis & Co., Bosare well chosen. The book seems well adapted ton. 1858. to the variety of purposes for which it is design- We find this work in many respects an imed. So good a selection of such various styles provement on the previous edition. Its rules of music is rarely seen. It deserves the atten- are more concise and accurate; its arrangement tion of all interested in the cultivation of music. has been somewhat improved; some important

| additions have been made; and many mistakes THE SABBATH HYMy Book By Profs. Park corrected. We will take this occasion to remind

and Phelps, and Dr. Lowell Mason. Mason teachers that Father Greenleaf's mathematical Brothers, New York.

works embrace a complete series of arithmetics, This book of Psalms and Hymns has been adapted to every grade of schools from the priwaited for by many congregations. It is com- mary to the high school; a popular algebra ; and piled by three persons eminently qualified for the a new work, just out, on geometry. work, and therefore a superior book was expected. Those who have been awaiting its appear-| WELLS'S PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATION OF ance with such expectations will not be disap

132P CHEMISTRY. 515 pages, 240 illustrations. Price pointed. It is, in our opinion, the best hymn-0100

mn$1.00 book yet published.

Well's Natural Philosophy. 452 pages, 375 It contains a very choice collection of 1290 illustrations. Price $1.00. hymns and psalms, which are arranged in a man- The Science of Common Things. 323 pages. ner more systematic than anything hitherto at-Price 75 cents. tempted. The arrangement of subjects, which By David A. Wells, A. M. Ivíson & Phinney. is understood to be the work of Prof. Park, is New York. unequaled. There are five distinct · indexes,

exes.

m
These three works are admirably adapted to

e which add much to the convenience of using the

public school and academic instruction. The book. One index gives the first line of every

last named is a practical book for the common rerse in the book. The type is excellent.

school. It conveys a vast fund of useful inforWe are informed that an edition of this work

mation upon subjects connected with Physical is soon to appear from the press of Sheldon, Science in a very pleasing and attractive manner. Blakeman & Co., adapted to Baptist churches, | The work on Natural Philosophy is divided by President Wayland.

into 19 chapters, commencing with the ApplicaWe understand the authors are now at work tion of Force, and ending with Electro-Magnetism. on The Sabbath Hymn and Tune Book, which the arrangement is good, divisions natural, and will be published in about four weeks. It will the style exact, perspicuous and pleasing. The contain the hymns of this book, set to appro- division into sections and paragraphs, the arpriate tunes, and thus be adapted to congrega- rangement of type, - large and small, -togethtional singing. The custom of quartet singing er with the questions arranged in the margin of is decidedly distasteful to us, and we think little the page will commend the appearance of the would be hazarded in predicting that its days are book to all. numbered. It is certainly to be hoped so. The Principles of Chemistry is an extended

The Sabbath Hymn Book, and The Sabbath treatise, adapted to a full course of instruction

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• In High Schools and Academies; and, while it full, thorough, systematic, and teachable. It is

abounds in practical applications of the princi- remarkable that the man who was the author of ples of chemistry, it is full and thorough in the the two elaborate works mentioned first could discussion of principles. The development of write a book so well adapted to children as the the several branches of the subject is very clear little work, How Plants Grow. and comprehensive. We should be better pleas. The attention of teachers is directed to the ed, however, if the discussion of the impondera- importance of the cultivation of plants and flowe bles were more full and scientific.

ering shrubs by the letter from the Hon. Judge We rejoice that our schools have such an Staples, published in this number, in the Official abundance of text-books upon these important Department. We hope the teachers will rememsubjects, which pertain so much to practical life, ber the sentiment of that letter and the books at and at the same time are so well adapted to dis- the head of this notice until next spring and cipline the mind, and to lead it to think and in- then send for these books to help them carry out vestigate.

the suggestions of the letter.

THE MOTHERLESS CHILDREN. 300 pages. - Mrs. WILLARD'S HISTORIES.--Published by A.

PLAY AND STUDY. 260 pages. By Mrs. Mad. S. Barnes & Co., 51 and 53 John street, N. Y. eline Leslie. Shepard, Clark & Brown.

1. Abridged History of the United States. A These two volumes are the first numbers of a book of 409 pages, to which is added the United series of juveniles, the remainder of which will States' Constitution. Designed as a text-book be published the present season. They are fine for common schools. ly written stories for children and youth, and es- 2. History of the United States. A book of pecially adapted to holiday presents for the

523 pages, including the Constitution and ques. young. The first is a story of orphanage, illus- tions on the history. Designed as a complete trating the trials and temptations of the young, I text-book for high schools and academies. and the happy results of Christian nurture. 3. Universal History. Giving an epitome of

The second is an interesting tale of school the world's history from the creation down to days, very suggestive of practical hints to paa | modern times. rents and teachers, showing how they may aid their children and pupils in the invention of

BARNARD'S AMERICAN JOUYxAL or EDUCAtheir own amusements for their relief and stimu

Tion. - September, 1858. F. C. Brownell, lus in study.

New York and Hartford. Price, $3.00 per For sale by Snow & Greene.

year, quarterly.

This number of the ablest educational journal MANUAL of Botany of the Northern United in America has 20 articles of rare interest and States. 739 pages, with 14 plates. Price $2.50.

value, and is embellished by 5 portraits on steel

The article on President Dwight, by Professor Introduction to Structural and Systematic Bot

Denison Olmstead, LL. D., is worth the price of any. 555 pages, with 1370 cuts. Price $2.00.

the book. First Lessons in Botany and Vegetable Physi

We will furnish the work together with The ology. 236 pages, and 360 cuts. Price $1.00.

SCHOOLMASTER for $3.25 a year. How Plants Grow, a Simple Introduction to Structural Botany, with a popular Flora. Price THE SONG WREATH. - By W. Williams. Shep75 cents. 233 pages and 500 cuts.

ard, Clark & Brown, Boston, 1858. By Prof. Asa Gray, M. D. Ivison & Phinney, An admirable book of school songs. It conNew York.

|tains, besides a treatise of great value on the The above named series of Botanical works elements of music, over 90 songs, about 35 are a credit to American scholarship. They are l pieces of sacred music, ten of which are chants.

The R. J. Schoolmaster.

VOL. IV.

DECEMBER, 1858.

NO. 10,

For the Schoolmaster.

tion, “ What shall we read?” is daily occur-* What Shall We Read ?"

ring. They are perfectly aware of the noble

harvest which is to be reaped by the reader, The question is no longer “Shall we read?” The thousands of books of every class, and

They see the golden grain waving around

them. But where shall they first put in the the hundreds of thousands of newspapers

sickle ? How shall they discern the tares from. and magazines, which, like water and air, are

the wheat ? Where shall they store away present everywhere, have long since effectually decided that point. The London Mail in

their gains, so that they may be perfectly commenting on Lord Brougham's recent

preserved, and ready for use at the slightest speech on “ Popular Literature” at Liver

notice? I think I hear a reader of this class pool, shows reason to believe that every man

say, “I am ready to make any exertion to in England, with but trifling exceptions, is a

become a well-read man, so highly do I val

ue the mental satisfaction, the conversational subscriber to a newspaper, and generally a reader of two. Does not the immense circu

versatility, and the social position, which I lation of the New York Tribune, of the Times,

observe that other men secure by the posses

sion of extensive and accurate information. of Harpers' Weekly and Harpers’ Monthly, and of the “ story papers” indicate the same

I have even practiced great self-denial in purstate of affairs in this country? Instead,

suing a rigid course of reading much against therefore, of any longer questioning the expe

my inclination. I am thus able to say that I diency of reading at all, the inquiry of the

have read the whole of Hume’s History of earnest and reflecting is rather, “What prin

England,' of · Gibbon's Decline and Fall of ciple shall guide us in the choice of books?" ||

the Roman Empire,' and of · Rollin's Ancient

History,' but I do not feel that I have gained " How can we make our reading more inter

clear ideas of the subjects after all, nor that I esting and more improving ?” These ques

have added to my stock of general knowledge tions, important at any season, are especially

| in a degree at all commensurate with the exworthy of our attention now, when we are just commencing to spend the long December

penditure of my time and my patience. While evenings in the quiet pursuits of the fireside.

I was reading the second volumes of Hume' Apart from professional scholars, there is a and of • Gibbon,' I forgot the first, and now class of general readers. to whom the ques. I do not even remember the order of kings,

and queens, and emperors, much less the par- go on all his life hoping to move the world by ticular events of each reign. I believe that tugging patiently at the short end of the lever. in some way or other, or at some time or oth- But the wise man will take advantage of the er I shall reap the fruit of all this toil. I am principle and will pass eagerly on from height even willing to carry my self-denial farther, if to height never thinking of the toil. Thereit would be of any use. What more can I fore I advise you to read only what interests do?” Nothing more, my friend, so far as you. Never continue your reading after you labor and earnestness are concerned, but vast- are forced to rub your eyes to keep awake. ly more in respect of the results, and that too Never finish a book simply for the satisfaction in a delightful and easy manner, if you only of saying you have read it, when from a want set to work in the right way. Your case is of interest you are gathering from it no intelnot different from that of many a one. Oth-lectual treasures. Dr. Johnson is said never er heroes, as brave as Theseus, sought to ex- to have read any book through continu ously, tricate themselves from the labyrinth of the except Pilgrim's Progress and the Bible. But Minotaur, but he alone threaded its mazes you will probably answer, "I know mysell with ease and security, guided by Ariadne's too well to follow such advice as this. It magic clue. You will perhaps be surprised, would to be sure save me many a tiresome when I tell you that the reader's talisman, hour of uninteresting reading. But once amidst the mazes of literature, is CURIOSITY. I give myself up to the desultory course you The virtues of self-denial, and patience are propose, and I shall read nothing thoroughly. worth cultivating for their own sakes, but Besides so perverse are my inclinations that they do not form after all the most reliable were I to trust to them for guidance, I should guides to lead us up the pleasantest avenues read many works which would ritiate by to the Temple of Wisdom. I have no sympa- morals and corrupt my heart. The bee seeks thy with the philosophy which prompted the honey from flowers of sweetest odor, and frontispiece of “ Webster's Spelling Book,” sometimes gathers deadly nectar from Kalmias. where a good genius is seen showing a youth and Andromedas.” the Temple of Knowledge, and pointing out a

gout a Hold, not so fast, my friend, you have your

Told, not so steep and rocky pathway thither, with no way- I self created the difficulty. I did not advise side flowers, nor welcome grove to cheer him

eer nim you to read every thing which your inclinaon, and no singing bird, nor tinkling rill to ltion and your curiosity dictate, but noth fill his ear with enchantment. Who, that has that they do not. Surely you do not mean been over the way and tasted the sweets of

to say that you have curiosity about nothing learning, or listened to the charm of her but what is

charm of her but what is dangerous. No food that is not voices, will acknowledge the picture ? Trust- palatable can be very wholesome, but man ing to the testimony of such, I can say with la poisonous morsel das a pleasant taste. It is assurance that curiosity and interest are the your curiosity in strict subservience to your best guides of the reader as well as of the judgment, and not either independently, which student. For without interest and curiosity must be your guide in reading. There are inthe attention cannot be secured, without at- numerable good newspapers, and entertaining tention there can be no memory, and without volumes of travel, and lively biographies, memory there is no gain. He, who refuses to and well written novels, which never fail to acknowledge this simple intellectual law, may gratify your curiosity, and arrest your atten

tion. Why not be satisfied with these? But no curiosity about it. Perhaps in reading very probably your judgment after all tells your newspaper, which you should never negyou that you should be acquainted with other lect to do, you meet with some historical aland higher subjects, such as history, philoso- lusion, as, for example, to the treachery of phy, poetry, and science, which will never be- King John, which you would like very much come familiar if you follow curiosity alone. to understand. Do not delay to search out Perhaps the story of the French lady and the its explanation, while your curiosity is fresh. ants may be of service to you. A lady drop- You had better not, however, look in Hume ped a large lump of sugar suddenly before an for it yet, for ten to one you will lose your inant for it to eat, but the little animal was so terest in the matter before you have looked terrified that he turned away in great affright, through all the pages about the regency of and did not dare to approach it again. Then John, and his unfraternal conduct towards hís the lady sprinkled some grains of sugar at a lion-hearted brother. Turn to some « Child's distance from the ant, and by gently placing History," like Dickens', or Pinnock's Goldher finger before it, and changing its course smith's, or better yet to that delightful juvenlittle by little, at last brought the tiny crea ile book, “Tales of the Kings of England,” ture where the sugar was. Soon he tasted it, and you will find the whole subject explained und liked it so well that he went and called in a page or two. I am much mistaken, how. all his friends. Now you can use an artifice ever, if you will be willing to leave the mat. with yourself something like that which this ter here. Once engaged with one of these lady employed with the ant. Do not sudden- charming children's books, which the wisest ly place before yourself Hume's England, or are often not ashamed to read, and to admire, Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Em- your curiosity will not allow you to lay it pire, or Grote’s Greece, or even Bancroft's down till you have read all it contains about United States, and thus terrify yourself at the Richard and John, and their unfortunate outset with the magnitude of the uninviting father, King Henry II. You will be glad to work. Whether you give up the work in dis- read also in this connection the picture of gust after reading a little way in the introduc- their time in Scott's • Ivanhoe.” After these, tion upon the origin of the races, or continue you will appreciate and enjoy that part of with determination till you have waded Hume which treats of their reigns, and feel through all the volumes, which your former a genuíne satisfaction in meeting facts which reading has not fitted you to appreciate and you already know, and finding them accomenjoy, you will in either case be acquiring a panied by fuller details. Indeed the great distaste for the whole theme, and a disincli- charm of reading complete histories consists nation to approach it at any future time. But in learning more about events with which we if, on the other hand, with an ever watchful | already have a general acquaintance. You eye you take advantage of every turn which had better therefore not attempt to continue your curiosity takes towards the subject for the perusal of the extended history any far. which you desire to cultivate an interest, you ther than curiosity prompts, but awaken it by will soon find yourself like the ant devouring a return to the compendium or child's book. with avidity, what at first you approached While you are reading about Richard, the only as a duty. Suppose, for instance, your | Lion-hearted, you will be very likely to find judgment prompts you to acquire a knowledge your curiosity excited about the Crusades. of the history of England, while yet you have Now is the time to make the history of those

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