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the opinion, that it is from the potions the when he thinks fit, whether his nomination of wen inspire them with, that the women are ten boys be disposed, or whether there be so fantastical in the value of themselves. This room for two boys to be recommended to bim; imaginary pre-eminence which is given to the and that he will permit the writer of this to fair sex, is not only formed from the addresses present him with two boys, who, it is humbly of people of condition ; but it is the fashion presumed, will be judged to be very remarkable and humour of all orders to go regularly out objects of such charity. 'Sir, of their wits, as soon as they begin to make love.

Your most humble servant.' I know at this time three goddesses in the New

I am to tell this gentleman in sober sadness, Exchange; and there are two shepherdesses and without jest, that there really is so good that sell gloves in Westininster-ball,

and charitable a man as the benefactor en

quired for in his letter, and that there are but No. 140.] Tursday, March 2, 1709-10.

two boys yet named. The father of one of

them was killed at Blenheim, the father of the i negatia chum

other at Almanza. I do not here give the names Peilitpur, et circa siiunt latus

Hor. l. Sit. iv. 33, of the children, because I should take it to A hundred men's affairs contound

be an insolence in me to publish them, in a Aly senses, and besiege me round. Francis. charity which I have only the direction of as a Sheer-lane, March 2.

servant to that worthy and generous spirit,

who bestows upon them this bounty without Having the honour to be, by my great grand-laying the bondage of an obligation. What I mother, a Welshman, I have been among some

have to do is to tell them, they are bebolden choice spirits of that part of Great Britain, Ouly to their Maker, to kill in them, as they where we solaced ourselves in celebration of grow up, the false shame of poverty; and let the day of St. David. I am, I confess, elevated

them know, that their present fortune, which above that state of mind which is proper for

is come upon them by the loss of their poor Tiicubration : but I am the less concerned at

fathers on so glorious occasions, is much more tiis, because I have for this day or two last honourable than the inheritance of the most past observed, that we novelists have been ample ill-gotten wealth. condemned wholly to the pastry-cooks, the eyes of the nation being turned upon greater

The next letter which lies before me is from matters.* This, therefore, being a time when a man of sense, who strengthens his own alnone but my immediate correspondents will thority with that of Tully, in persuading me

I shall speak to them chiefly at this to what he very justly believes one cannot be present writing. It is the fate of us who pre. averse. tend to joke, to be frequently understood to * MR. BICKERSTAFF, London, Feb. 27, 1709. be only upon the droll when we are speaking 'I am so confident of your inclination to the most seriously, as appears by the following promote any thing that is for the advancement letter to Charles Lillie.

of liberal arts, that I lay before you the follow• MR. LILLIE, London, Feb. 28, 1704) 10. ing translation of a paragraph in Cicero's ora

It being professed by Esquire Bickerstaff, tion in defence of Archias the poet, as an inthat his intention is to expose the vices and centive to the agreeable and instructive reading follies of the age, and to promote virtue and of the writings of the Augustan age. Most vices good-will amongst mankind; it must be a and follies proceed from a man's incapacity of comfort for a person labouring under great entertaining himself, and we are generally fools straits and difficulties, to read any thing that in company, because we dare not be wise alone. has the appearance of succour. I should be I hope, on some future occasions, you will find glad to know, therefore, whether the intelli- this no barren bint. Tully, after having said gence given in his Tatler of Saturday last, of very handsome things of his client, commends the intended charity of a ceriain citizen of the arts of which he was master, as follows: London, to maintain the education of ten boys If so much profit be not reaped in the study in writing and accounts until they be fit for of letters, and if pleasure only be found; yet, trade, be given only to encourage and recom- in my opinion, this relaxation of the mind mend persons to the practice of such poble and should be esteemed most humane and ingecharitable desigus; or, whether there be a nuous. Other things are not for all ages, person who really intends to do so. If the places, and seasons. These studies form youth, latter, I bumbly beg Esquire Bickerstaff's par- delight old age, adorn prosperity, and soften, don for making a doubt, and impute it to my and even remove adversity, entertain at home, ignorance; and most humbly crave, that lie are no hinderance abroad; do not leave us at would be pleased to give notice in his Tatler, night, and keep us company on the road, and

read me,

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in the country. • An allnsion to ' The Trial of Dr. Sacheverell,' which

Your bumble servant, waa betwcen February 27, and March 23, 1709-10.


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The following epistle seems to want the humour, and good breeding, may be best emquickest despatch, because a lady is every mo-ployed in the service of religion and virtue ; ment offended until it is answered ; which is and desire you would, as soon as possible, rejest done by letting the offender see in her mark upon the above-mentioned indecorums, wwn letter bow tender she is of calling him so that we may not long transgress against the

latter, to preserve our reputation in the former. “ŞIR,

Your humble servant, • This comes from a relation of yours, though anknown to you, who, besides the tie of con

The last letter I shall insert is what follows. sanguinity, bas sone value for you on the accouut of your lucubrations, those being de- This is written by a very inquisitive lady; and, signed to refine our conversation, as well as

I think, such interrogative gentlewomen are cultivate oựr minds. I humbly beg the favour to be answered no other way than by interro.

of you, in one of your Tatlers, after what man gation. Her billet is this: ner you please, to correct a particular friend of

* DEAR MR. BICKERSTAFF, mine, for an indecorum he is guilty of in dis

' Are you quite as good as you seem to be ? cuurse, of calling his acquaintance, when he speaks to them, Madam : as for example, my cousin Jenny Distaff, Madam Distaff; which,

To which I can only answer: I am sure you are sensible, is very unpolite, · DEAR CHLOE, and it is what makes me often uneasy for him, Are you quite as ignorant as you seem to though I cannot tell bim of it myself, which be? makes me guilty of this presumption, that J depend upon your goodness to excuse; and I do assure you, the gentleman will mind your No. 141.] Saturday, March 4, 1709-10. reprehension, for he is, as I am, Sir, Your most humble servant and cousin,

Sheer-lane, March 3. • DOROTHY DRUMSTICK.

WHILE the attention of the town is drawn 'I write this in a thin under-petticoat, and aside from reading us writers of news, we all never did or will wear a fardingal.'

save ourselves against it is at more leisure. As

for my own part, I shall still let the labouring I bad oo sooner read the just complaint of oar be managed by my correspondents, and Mrs. Drumstick, but I received an urgent one 6ll my paper with their sentiments, rather than from another of the fair sex, upon faults of my own, until I find my readers more disenmore pernicious consequence.

gaged than they are at present. When I came • MR. BICKERSTAFF,

home this evening, I found several letters and 'Observing that you are entered into a cor.

petitions, which I shall insert with no other respondence with Pasquin, who is, I suppose, follows:

order, than as I accidentally opened them, as a Roman catholic, I beg of you to forbear giving him any account of our religion or man


March 1, 1709.10. pers, until you have rooted out certain misde- Having a daughter about nine years of age, meanours even in our churches. Among others, I would endeavour she might have education . that of bowing, saluting, taking snuff,* and mean such as may be useful, as working well, other gestures. Lady Autumn made me a and a good deportment. In order to it, I am very low courtesy the other day from the next persuaded to place ber at some boarding-school, pew, and, with the most courtly air imaginable, situate in a good air. My wife opposes it, called berself miserable sinner. Her niece, and gives for ber greatest reason, that she soon after, saying, Forgive us our trespasses, is tou much a woman, and understands the courtesied with a glouting look at my brother. formalities of visiting and a tea-table so very He returned it, opening his snuff-box, and re. nicely, that none, though much older, can expeating yet a more solemn expression. I beg of ceed her; and, with all these perfections, the you, good Mr. Censor, not to tell Pasquin any girl can scarce thread a needle: but, however, thing of this kind, and to believe this does not after several arguments, we have agreed to be come from one of a morose temper, mean birth, decided by your judgment: and, knowing your rigid education, narrow fortune, or bigotry in abilities, shall manage our daughter exactly as opinion, or from one in whom time has worn you shall please to direct. I am serious in my wt all taste of pleasare. I assure you, it is request, and hope you will be so in your answer, Sur otherwise, for I am possessed of all the con- which will lay a deep obligation upon, Sir, trary advantages; and, I hope, wealth, good your humble servant,

•T. T. • At St. Mary's, among the papers of the university of Cambridge, there is a letter of James I, against the use of

Sir, pray answer it in your Tailer, 1821 it tobacco.

maglie corronkliainih

am as serious on this subject as my corre- ment for the latter, when I first came to this spondent can be ; and am of opinion, that the town, was the blanket, which, I humbly congreat happiness or misfortune of mankind de ceive, may be as justly applied to him that pends upon the manner of educating and treat-bawls, as to him that listens. It is there ing that sex. I have lately said, I design to fure provided for the future, that, except in turn my thoughts more particularly to them, the long vacation, no retainers to the law and their service: I beg therefore a little time with dulcimer, violin, or any other instrument to give my opinion on so important a subject, in any tavern within a furlong of an inn a and desire the young lady may fill tea one week court, shall sing any tune, or pretended tune longer, until I have considered whether she whatsoever, apon pain of the blanket, to le shall be removed or not. not.)

administered according to the discretion of als Chancery-lane,

such peaceable people as shall be within the Mr. BICKERSTAFI,

Feb. 27, 1709. annoyance. And it is further directed, that Your notice in the advertisement in your all clerks who shall offend in this kind, sball Tatler of Saturday last about Whetters in and forfeit their indentures, and be turned over as about the Royal Exchange, is mightily taken assistants to the clerks of parishes within the notice of by gentlemen wbo use the coffee. bills of mortality, who are hereby empowered to houses near the Chancery-office in Chancery- demand them accordingly. Jane. And there being a particular certain set I am not to omit the receipt of the following of both young and old gentlemen that belong letter, with a night-cap from my Valentine ; to and near adjoining to the, which night cap, I find, was finished in the both in Chancery-lane and Bell-yard, that are year 1583, and is too finely wrought to be of not only Whetters all the morning long, but any modern stiching. Its antiquity will better very musically given about twelve at night the appear by my Valentine's own words: same days, and mightily taken with the union of the dulcimer, violin, and song ; at which

'SIR, recreation they rejoice together with perfect

Since you are pleased to accept of so mean barmony, however their clients disagree : You a present as a night-cap from your Valentine, are humbly desired by several gentlemen to

I have sent you one, which I do assure you bas give some regulation concerning them ; in been very much esteemed of in our family; which you will contribute to the repose of us,

for my great-grandmother's daughter, who who are your very humble servants,

worked it, was maid of honour to queen Eliza

• L. T, N. F.T. W.' beth, and had the misfortune to lose her life by These Whetters are a people I have consi- pricking her finger in the making of it, of dered with much pains; and find them to

wbich she bled to death, as her tomb now at differ from a sect I have hitherto spoken of, neither myself, nor any of the family, have

Westminster will show. For which reason, called snuff-takers, only in the expedition they take in destroying their brains: the Whetter loved work ever since; otherwise you should is obliged to refresh himself every moment with have one, as you desired, made by the hands

of, Sir, a liquor, as the snuff-taker with a powder. As

Your affectionate for their barmony in the evening, I have no

VALENTINE.' thing to object; provided they remove to Wapping, or the Bridge-foot, where it is not to 'To the right worshipful Isaac Bickerstaff, be supposed that their vociferations will annoy Esquirc, Censur of Great Britain, an the studious, the busy, or the contemplative.

Governor of the Hospital erected, or to be I once had lodgings in Gray’s-Inn, where we

erected in Moor-fields; had two hard students, who learned to play' The petition of the inbabitants of the parish upon the hauthoy; and I had a couple of of Gotham, in the county of Middlesex ; chamber-fellows over my head vot less diligent

· HUMBLY SHEWETE, in the practice of back-sword and single-rapier. 'That whereas it is the undoubted right of I remember these gentlemen were assigned by your said petitioners to repair on every Lord's the benchers the two houses at the end of the day to a chapel of ease in the said parish, there terrace-walk, as the only place fit for their me.

to be instructed in their duties in the known ditations. Such students as will let pone im.

or vulgar tongue; yet so it is, may it please prove but themselves, ougbt, indeed, to have your worship, that the preacher of the said their proper distances from societies.

chapel has of late given himself wholly up to The gentlemen of loud mirth above-men- maiters of controversy, in nowise tending to tioned i take to be, in the quality of their the edification of your said petitioners; and in crime, the same as eaves-droppers ; for they handling, as he calls it, the same, has used oy bo will be in your company whether you will divers haril and crabbed words ; such as, amovg or no, are to as great a degree offenders, as they who hearken to what passes without being

# A bater osille story to this day repeated by the of your company at all. The ancient punish-mm u bo shows the ignibs.


many others, orthodox and 'heterodor, which me no small inquietude, it being an accusation are in no sort understood by your said peti. of partiality, and disregard to merit, in the tioners; and it is with grief of heart, that your person of a virtuoso, who is the most eloquent petitioners beg leave to represent to you, that, of all men upon small occasions, and is the mentioning the aforesaid words or names, the more to be admired for his prueligious fertility latter of which, as we have reason to believe, of invention, which never appears but upon is bis deadly enemy, he will fall into ravings subjects which others would bave thought and foamings, ill becoming the meekness of his barren. But in consideration of his uncommon office, and tending to give offence and scandal talents, I am contented to let him be the bero to all good people,

of my next two days, by inserting his friend's 'Your petitioners further say, that they are recommendation of him at large. ready to prove the aforesaid allegations; and therefore humbly bope, that from a true sense

· DEAR, COUSIN, Nandu's,* Feb. 28, 1709. of their condition, you will please to receive

'I am just come out of the country, and the said preacher into the hospital, until he upon perusing your late lucubrations, i find shall recover a right use of his senses.

Charles Lillie to be the darling of your affec. And your petitioners, &c.'

tions ; that you have given him a place, and taken no small pains to establish him in the

world ; and, at the same time, bave passed by No. 142.] Tuesday, March 7, 1709-10.

his name-saket at this end of the town, as if he

was a citizen desunct, and one of ņo use in a Sheer-lane, March 6.

commonwealth. I must own, his circumstances All persons who employ themselves in pub. are so good, and so well known, that he does sic, are still interrupted in the course of their not stand in need of having his same published affairs; and, it seems, the admired cavalier to the world; but, being of an ambitious spirit, Nicoliui himself is commanded by the ladies, and an aspiring soul, he would be rather proud who at present employ their time with great of the honour, than desirous of the profit, which assiduity in the care of the nation, to put off might result from your recommendation. He his day until he shall receive their commands,

is a person of a particular genius, the first that and notice that they are at leisure for diver- brought toys in fashion, and bawbles to persjons. In the mean time it is not to be ex

fection. He is admirably well versed in screws, pressed, how many cold chickens the fair-opes springs, and hinges, and deeply read iu knives, have eaten since this day sevennight for the combs, or scissars, buttons, or buckles. He is good of their couutry. This great occasion

a perfect master of words, which, uttered with has given birth to many discoveries of high

a smooth voluble tongue, flow into a most per: moment for the conduct of life. There is a suasive eloquence; insumuch, that I have toast of my acquaintance who told me,' she known a gentleman of distinction find several had now found out, that it was day before nine ingenious faults with a toy of his, and show his in the morning ;' and I am very confident, if utmost dislike to it, as being either useless or the affair hold many days longer, the ancient ill-contrived; but when the orator, behind the hours of eating will be revived among us, many counter, bad barangued upon it for an hout having hy it been made acquainted with the and a half, displayed its hidden beauties, and luxury of hunger and thirst.

revealed its secret perfections, he has wondered There appears, met hinks, something very

how he had been able to spend so great a part venerable in all assen blies : and I must con

of his life without so important a utensil, sess, I envied all who had youth and health will not pretend to furnish out an inventory of enough to make their appearance there, that all the valuable commodities that are to be they bad the happiness of being a whole day in

found at bis shop. the best company in the world. During the

'I shall content myself with giving an acadjournments of that awful court, a neighbour count of what I think most curious. Imprimis

, of mine was telling me, that it gave bim a no

his pocket-books are very neat and well contion of the ancient grandeur of the English trived, ot for keeping bank-bills, or goldsmiths wospitality, to see Westminster-Hall a dining- notes, I confess; but they are admirable for room. There is a cheerfulpess in such repasts, registering the lodgings of Madonas, and for which is very delightful to tempers which are

preserving letters from ladies of quality. His so happy as to be clear of spleen and vapour ; whips and spurs are so nice, that they will for, to the jovial, to see others pleased is the make one that buys them ride a fux-hunting, greatest of all pleasures.

though before be bated noise and early rising, But, since age and infirmities forbid my ap

and was afraid of breaking his neck. His seals pearance at such public places, the next hap

are curiously fancied, and exquisitely well cut, piness is to make the best use of privacy, and

• It is almoet snperflaous to say, that this coffee-bouse stat acquit myself of the demands of my correspon. stibsists in Flect-street in bigh reputation. dents. The following letter is what has given

+ Charles Mather

and of great use to encourage young gentlemen | only one in fashion until after Easter. The to write a good hand. Ned Puzzle-pust has gentleman that gave fifty pounds for the bos heen ill used by his writing-master, and writ a set with diamonds, may show it until Sunda sort of a Chinese, or downright scrawlian; night, provided he goes to church; but not however, upon his buying a seal of my friend, after that time, there being one to be published be is so much improved by continual writing, on Monday, which will cost fourscore guineas. that it is believed in a short time one may be able to read his letters, and find out his mean. ing, without guessing. His pistols and fusees No. 14:3.) Thursday, March 9, 1709. are so very good, that they are fit to be laid up among the finest china. Then bis tweezer.

Sheer-lane, March 8. cases are incomparable : you shall bave one not

I was this afternoon surprized with a visit much bigger than your finger, with seventeen

from my sister Jenay, after an absence of some several instruments in it, all necessary every time. She had, methought, in her manner bour of the day, during the whole course of a and air, something that was a little below that man's life. But if this virtuoso excels in one

of women of the first breeding and quality, thing more than another, it is in canes. He but, at the same time, above the simplicity and has spent his most select hours in the know- familiarity of her usual deportment. As soon ledge of them; and is arrived at that perfecl the odd place I lived in, and begged of me to

as she was seated, she began to talk to me of tion, that he is able to hold forth upon capes longer than upon any one subject in the world.

remove out of the lane where I have been so Indeed, his canes are so finely clouded, and so long acquainted ; ' for,' said she, it does so well made up, either with gold or amber heads, spoil one's horses, that I must beg your pardon that I am of the opinion it is impossible for a

if you see me much seldomer, wheu I am to gentleman to walk, talk, sit, or stand, as he make so great a journey with a single pair, should do, without one of them. He knows and make visits, and get home the same night.” the value of a cane, by knowing the value of I understood her pretty well, but would not ; the buyer's estate. Sir Timothy Shallow has therefore desired her,' to pay off her coach, two thousand pounds per annum, and Tom for I had a great deal to talk to ber.' She very Empty, one. They both at several times bought pertly told me, 'she came in her own chariot' a cane of Charles : sir Timothy's cost ten

Why,' said I,' is your husband in town ? and guideas, and Tom Empty's five. Ujron com

bas he set up an equipage?' 'No' answered she, paring them, they were perfectly alike. Sir

but I have received five hundred pounds by Tiinothy, surprised there should be no differ. his order; and his letters, which came at the ence in the canes, and so much in the price, same time, bade me want for nothing that was comes to Charles : Damn it, Charles,” says

necessary.' he, “ you have sold me a cane bere for ten I was heartily concerned at ber folly, whose pieces, and the very same to Tom Empty for affairs render her but just able to bear such an five."

.” “Lord! sir Timothy," says Charles, expense. However, I considered, that, accord"I am concerned that you, whom I took to ing to the British custom of treating women understand canes better than any baronet in there is no other method to be used, in retown, should be so overseen !" " Why, sir Ti.moving any of their faults and errors, but conmuthy, your's is a true Jambee, and esquire ducting their minds from one humour to an Empty's only a plain Dragon."

other, with as much ceremony as we lead their * This virtuoso has a parcel of Jambees now

persons from one place another. I therefore growing in the East-Indies, where he keeps a

dissembled my concern; and, in compliance man on purpose to look after them, which will with her, as a lady that was to use her feet no he the finest that ever landed in Great Britain, more, I begged of her, after a short visit. 'to and will be fit to cut about two years bence. let me persuade ber not to stay out until it Any gentleman may subscribe for as many as

was late, for fear of catching cold as she went he pleases. Subscriptions will be taken in at into her coach in the dampness of the evening.' nis shop at ten guineas each joint. They that The malapert knew well enough I laughed at subscribe for six shall bave a Dragon gratis. her; but was not ill pleased with the certainty This is all I have to say at present concerning of her power over her busband, wbo, she knew Charles's curiosities; and hope it may be suf. would support her in any bumour he was able, ficient to prevail with you to take him into rather than pass through the torment of an your consideration, which if you comply with, expostulation to gainsay any thing she had a you will oblige Your humble servant.'

mind to.

As soon as my fine lady was gone, I writ the N. B. Whereas there came out, last term, following letter to my brother: several gold snuff-luoxes, and others : this is to · DEAR BROTIER,' give notice, that Charles will put out a new * I am at present under very much concern edition on Saturday neat, which will be the sat the splendid appearance I saw my sister

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