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GENERAL REGULATIONS FOR EXHIBITORS, ISSUED BY THE UNITED STATES CENTENNIAL COMMISSION.
I. The Exhibition will be held in Fairmount Park, Philadelphia. It will be opened on the 10th May 1876 and closed on the 10th November of the same year.
II. Full diagrams of the buildings and grounds will be furnished to the Executive Commissioner.
III. Applications for space and negotiations relating to British Exhibits must be conducted with the Executive Commissioner.
IV. The Executive Commissioner will notify to the Director-General, not later than 1st May 1875, whether an increase of space is required by British Exhibitors.
V. Before 1st December 1875, the Executive Commissioner must forward to the Director-General approximate plans of allotment of space assigned, and lists of Exhibitors for Official Catalogue.
VI. Exhibits brought into the United States, at the ports of New York; Boston; Portland, Maine; Burlington, Vermont; Suspension Bridge, New York; Detroit, Port Huron, Michigan; Chicago, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Norfolk, New Orleans, and San Francisco, will be allowed to go forward to the Exhibition Buildings, under proper supervision of Customs Officers without examination at port of entry, and at the close of the Exhibition will be allowed to go forward to the port from which they are to be exported. No duties will be levied upon such goods unless entered for consumption in the United States.
VII. The transportation, receiving, unpacking, and arranging of the Exhibits to be at the expense of Exhibitor.
VIII. The installation of heavy articles requiring special foundations or adjustment should, by special arrangement, begin as soon as the progress of the work upon the buildings will permit. The general reception of articles will commence on 1st January 1876, and no articles will be admitted after 31st March 1876.
XI. Space assigned and not occupied on the 1st April 1876 will revert to the Director-General for reassignment.
XII. If exhibits are not intended for competition, it must be so stated by the Exhibitor, and they will be placed hors concours by the International Juries.
XIII. An official Catalogue will be published in four distinct versions; viz., English, French, German, and Spanish. The sale of these catalogues is reserved to the Centennial Commission.
XIV. All exhibits, except in such Collective Exhibitions as may receive special sanction, will be arranged under some one group of the 10 following departments :—
i. Raw Materials-Mineral, Vegetable, and Animal.
ii. Materials and Manufactures used for Food or in the Arts, the result of Extracting or Combining Processes. iii. Textile and Felted Fabrics; Apparel, Costumes, and Ornaments for the person.
iv. Furniture and Manufactures of general use in Construction and in Dwellings.
v. Tools, Implements, Machines, and Processes.
vi. Motors and Transportation.
vii. Apparatus and Methods for the Increase and Diffusion of Knowledge.
viii. Engineering, Public Works, Architecture, &c.
ix. Plastic and Graphic Arts.
x. Objects illustrating Efforts for the Improvement of the Physical, Intellectual, and Moral Condition
XV. Foreign Commissions may publish catalogues of their own sections.
XVI. Exhibitors will not be charged for space. A limited supply of steam and water power will be supplied gratuitously. The quantity of each will be settled definitively at the time of the allotment of space. Any power required in excess of that allowed will be furnished by the Centennial Commission at a fixed rate. Demands for such excess of power to be settled at the time of the allotment of space.
XVII. Exhibitors must provide at their own cost, all show cases, shelving, counters, fittings, &c., which they may require; and all countershafts, with their pulleys, belting, &c. for the transmission of power from the main shaft in Machinery Hall.
All arrangements of articles and decorations must be in conformity with the general plan adopted by the Director-General.
XVIII. Special constructions of any kind, whether in the buildings or grounds can only be made on the written approval of the Director-General.
The Centennial Commission will take precautions for the safe preservation of all objects in the Exhibition; but it will in no way be responsible for damage or loss of any kind, or for accidents by fire or otherwise, however originating.
XIX. Favourable facilities will be arranged by which Exhibitors or Foreign Commissions may insure their own goods.
Foreign Commissions may employ watchmen of their own choice to guard their goods during the hours the Exhibition is open to the public. Such appointments to be subject to the approval of the Director-General.
XX. Foreign Commissions, or such agents as they may designate, shall be responsible for the receiving unpacking and arrangement of Exhibits, as well as for their removal at the close of the Exhibition; but no person shall be permitted to act as such agent until he can give to the Director-General written evidence of his having been approved by the proper Commission.
XXI. Each package must be addressed :-" To the Commission for [name of country] at the International Exhibition of 1876, Philadelphia, United States of America," and should have at least two labels affixed to different but not opposite sides of each case, and giving the following information :
(1.) The country from which it comes;
(2.) Name or firm of the Exhibitor;
(3.) Residence of the Exhibitor;
(4.) Department to which exhibits belong;
(5.) Total number of packages sent by the Exhibitor;
(6.) Serial number of that particular package.
Within each package should be a list of all objects it contains.
XXII. If no authorised person is at hand to receive goods on their arrival at the Exhibition building, they will be removed without delay, and stored at the cost and risk of whomsoever it may concern.
XXIII. Articles that are in any way dangerous or offensive, also patent medicines, nostrums, and empirical preparations, whose ingredients are concealed, will not be admitted to the Exhibition.
XXIV. The removal of goods will not be permitted till the close of the Exhibition.
XXV. Sketches, drawings, photographs, or other reproductions of articles exhibited will only be allowed upon the joint assent of the Exhibitor and Director-General, but views of portions of the building may be made upon the Director-General's sanction.
XXVI. Immediately after the close of the Exhibition, Exhibitors shall remove their effects, and complete such removal before 31st December 1876. Goods then remaining will be removed by the Director-General and sold for expenses, or otherwise disposed of under the direction of the Centennial Commission.
XXVII. Each person who becomes an Exhibitor thereby acknowledges and undertakes to keep the rules and regulations established for the government of the Exhibition.
XXVIII. Special regulations will be issued concerning the exhibition of Fine Arts, the organisation of International Juries, awards of prizes, and sales of special articles within the buildings, and on other points not touched upon in these preliminary instructions.
XXIX. The Centennial Commission reserves the right to explain or amend these regulations whenever it may be deemed necessary for the interests of the Exhibition.
DIGEST OF REGULATIONS FOR FOREIGN EXHIBITORS AND COMMISSIONS, ISSUED BY UNITED STATES CENTENNIAL COMMISSION, GOVERNING THE FREE
IMPORTATION OF GOODS.
FIRST.-No duty, customs fees or charges are required on any importation of exhibits, and a new form of entry will be employed in all cases, at the port where such goods are received.
SECOND. The sole ports of entry at which importations for exhibition can be made free of duty are:-New York; Boston; Portland, Maine; Burlington, Vermont; Suspension Bridge, New York; Detroit, Port Huron, Michigan; Chicago; Philadelphia; Baltimore; Norfolk; New Orleans; and San Francisco.
THIRD.-All articles assigned for exhibition must be accompanied by an invoice or schedule of the numbers, character, and commercial value of each shipment, which statement must have been previously attested before either a consul of the United States or a civil magistrate of the country in which such articles have been produced, or from which they are shipped to the United States. Such verified bill of contents and values must be in triplicate, one copy for the collector of customs at the port of entry; one for the duly authorised agent of Exhibitor, or for the British Executive, and one for the collector of the port of Philadelphia; the agent, in all cases, must be recognised by the Director-General of the Exhibition, and who will, by virtue of his authority, verify the goods and make entry; and all packages and enclosures containing goods for such Exhibition must be conspicuously marked accordingly.
FOURTH.-All goods arriving so marked and represented, either at the time of the arrival or at any time while remaining in the custody of the collector of customs at the port of arrival, will on general order, when entered at said port, be delivered without examination to such recognised agent or agents of the Exhibitor, to be by him or them forwarded by bonded line of transportation to Philadelphia, there to be delivered to the custody of the collector of that port.
FIFTH.-Entry for warehouse will be made for all such transported packages on arrival at the port of Philadelphia, and original entry of all goods for exhibition coming direct to Philadelphia. This entry having been made, the goods will be retained in the custody of the collector until the Exhibition building, or some building suitable for safe custody, erected by the Executive of the Exhibition, be ready to receive them.
SIXTH.-Separate records of all packages received by the collector at Philadelphia will be made by the store keeper at that port, to contain the owner's name, the agents, the country from which shipped, the date of shipping, the name of vessel, the date of arrival, the description and value of goods, and the specific marks and numbers of packages. [Blank forms prepared to contain these particulars will be forwarded to Exhibitors in due course.] SEVENTH.-When the Exhibition building or warehouse for secure custody shall be ready, descriptive permits in duplicate will be issued by the collector to the storekeeper of port; one copy to be preserved by storekeeper the other to be delivered with goods to a proper officer of customs stationed at Exhibition building or warehouse, and all packages shall be opened in presence of an officer of customs, who will verify contents from such descriptive permit.
EIGHTH.-In case of receipt of packages by the collector of Philadelphia, imperfectly described or verified, or in regard to which information shall have been received questioning the good faith of the persons forwarding the same, the collector may direct an examination, and if in conference with the Director-General the goods are found not to have been forwarded in good faith for exhibition, they will be charged with duty according to their value and classification, and held by collector, subject to appeal to the Secretary of the Treasury, to await proper claim and payment of duty by the owners.
NINTH. All charges for transportation, cartage, an' freight accruing on goods arriving for exhibition will be required to be paid by owner or his agent at the time of their delivery to the custody of the collector of customs at Philadelphia, before the permit is issued for their delivery to the Exhibition building. No fee for entry, permit, or other official act, and no duties will be charged against any such goods until after their [withdrawal from Exhibition for sale at its close or during its continuance.
TENTH.—All articles received and entered at Exhibition may be withdrawn for sale or delivery at any time, consistently with the regulations of the Exhibition, on payment of the duties in force at the time of importation and on verification by an officer of the Appraiser's Department of the port of Philadelphia. On payment of said duty, without any other fee or expense, the owner or agent shall receive a permit for removal from the Exhibition.
ELEVENTH.—All goods to be returned to Great Britain will be verified by the customs officer in charge of Exhibition, re-enclosed, duly marked and forwarded, under permit of collector, to any port desired; or they may be exported direct from Philadelphia.
PHILADELPHIA EXHIBITION.—SYSTEM OF AWARDS.
FIRST.-Awards shall be based upon written reports attested by the signatures of their authors. SECOND.-Two hundred judges shall be appointed to make such reports, one half of whom shall be foreigners and one half citizens of the United States. They will be selected for their known qualifications and character, and will be experts in departments to which they will be respectively assigned. The foreign members of this body will be appointed by the Commission of each country and in conformity with the distribution and allotment to each, which will be hereafter announced. The Judges from the United States will be appointed by the Centennial Commission.
THIRD.-The sum of one thousand dollars will be paid to each commissioned Judge for personal expenses. FOURTH.-Reports and awards shall be based upon inherent and comparative merit. The elements of merit shall be held to include consideration relating to originality, invention, discovery, utility, quality, skill, work manship, fitness for the purposes intended, adaptation to public wants, economy and cost.
FIFTH.-Each report will be delivered to the Centennial Commission as soon as completed, for final award and publication.
SIXTH.-Awards will be finally decreed by the United States Centennial Commission, in compliance with the Act of Congress, and will consist of a diploma with a uniform Bronze Medal and a special report of the Judges on the subject of the award.
SEVENTH. Each Exhibitor will have the right to reproduce and publish the report awarded to him, but the U.S. Centennial Commission reserves the right to publish and dispose of all reports in the manner it thinks best for public information, and also to embody and distribute the reports as records of the Exhibition.
THE SELECTION AND APPOINTMENT OF JUDGES.
REPORT OF HON. N. M. BECKWITH, COMMISSIONER FROM NEW York.
At a regular meeting of the Executive Committee of the United States Centennial Commission, held at Philadelphia, October 13th, 1875, Mr. Beckwith, Commissioner from New York, (United States CommissionerGeneral at the International Exhibition at Paris, 1867,) presented the following report upon the selection and appointment of judges. It was carefully considered and unanimously approved.
In compliance with the request of the Executive Committee, I beg leave to present for consideration the following suggestions relating to the selection and appointment of judges, in conformity with the method of awards decreed by the Centennial Commission.
This method, in many respects, differs radically from the systems hitherto tried in International Exhibitions, and although the subject is familiar to you, I shall be pardoned, I hope, for briefly indicating the broad differences.
Awards have heretofore been generally made by an International Jury of about 600 members.
The appointment of jurors to countries has been tried on various bases, but was usually made on the basis of the relative space occupied by the products of each country respectively, in the Exhibition.