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Khigaiswachinpichais, or Missouri Chief,
To the Indian names are subjoined marks.
ARTICLES OF A TREATY
June 3, 1825. Proclamation, Dec. 30, 1825.
Cession by the Kansas.
Made and concluded at the City of Saint Louis, in the State of
Missouri, between William Clark, Superintendant of Indian
ARTICLE 2. From the cession aforesaid, the following reservation for the use of Reservation the Kansas nation of Indians shall be made, of a tract of land, to begin for the use of twenty leagues up the Kansas river, and to include their village on that
the Kansas. river; extending West thirty miles in width, through the lands ceded in the first Article, to be surveyed and marked under the direction of the President, and to such extent as he may deem necessary, and at the expense of the United States. The agents for the Kansas, and the persons attached to the agency, and such teachers and instructors as the President shall authorize to reside near the Kansas, shall occupy, during his pleasure, such lands as may be necessary for them within this reservation.
ARTICLE 3. In consideration of the cession of land and relinquishments of claims, Payment to made in the first Articles, the United States agree to pay to the Kansas them for their
cession. nation of Indians, three thousand five hundred dollars per annum, for twenty successive years, at their villages, or at the entrance of the Kansas river, either in money, merchandize, provisions, or domestic animals, at the option of the aforesaid Nation; and when the said annuities, or any part thereof, is paid in merchandize, it shall be delivered to them at the first cost of the goods in Saint Louis, free of transportation.
ARTICLE 4. The United States, immediately upon the ratification of this conven- Cattle, hogs, tion, or as soon thereafter as may be, shall cause to be furnished to the &c. to be furKansas Nation, three hundred head of cattle, three hundred hogs, five
nished by U.S. hundred domestic fowls, three yoke of oxen, and two carts, with such implements of agriculture as the Superintendant of Indian Affairs may think necessary; and shall employ such persons to aid and instruct them in their agriculture, as the President of the United States may deem expedient; and shall provide and support a blacksmith for them.
Land to be sold for support of schools.
ARTICLE 5. Out of the lands herein ceded by the Kanzas Nation to the United States, the Commissioner aforesaid, in behalf of the said United States, doth further covenant and agree, that thirty-six sections of good lands, on the Big Blue river, shall be laid out under the direction of the President of the United States, and sold for the purpose of raising a fund, to be applied, under the direction of the President, to the support of schools for the education of the Kanzas children, within their Nation.
ARTICLE 6. From the lands above ceded to the United States, there shall be made Reservations the following reservations, of one mile square, for each of the half for the use of breeds of the Kanzas nation, viz: For Adel and Clement, the two chil
half-breeds. dren of Clement; for Josette, Julie, Pelagie, and Victoire, the four children of Louis Gonvil; for Marie and Lafleche, the two children of Baptiste of Gonvil; for Laventure, the son of Francis Laventure; for Elizabeth and Pierre Carbonau, the children of Pierre Brisa; for Louis Joncas; for Basil Joncas; for James Joncas; for Elizabeth Datcherute, daughter of Baptiste Datcherute; for Joseph Butler; for William Rodgers; for Joseph Coté; for the four children of Cicili Compáre, each one mile square; and one for Joseph James, to be located on the North side of the Kanzas river, in the order above named, commencing at the line of the Kanzas reservation, and extending down the Kanzas river for quantity.
With the view of quieting all animosities which may at present exist entered into by between a part of the white citizens of Missouri and the Kanzas nation, the U. S. for certain pur
in consequence of the lawless depredations of the latter, the United poses.
States do further agree to pay to their own citizens, the full value of
such property as they can legally prove to have been stolen or destroyed Proviso. since the year 1915: Provided, The sum so to be paid by the United
States shall not exceed the sum of three thousand dollars.
ARTICLE 8. Payment to F. And whereas the Kanzas are indebted to Francis G. Choteau, for G. Choteau. credits given them in trade, which they are unable to pay, and which
they have particularly requested to have included and settled in the present Treaty; it is, therefore, agreed on, by and between the parties to these presents, that the sum of five hundred dollars, towards the liquidation of said debt, shall be paid by the United States to the said Fran cois G. Choteau.
ARTICLE 9. Merchandise
There shall be selected at this place such merchandize as may be to amount of desired, amounting to two thousand dollars, to be delivered at the Kan$2000 to be de. zas river, with as little delay as possible; and there shall be paid to the livered at the Kanzas river.
deputation now here, two thousand dollars in merchandize and horses, the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged; which, together with the amount agreed on in the 3d and 4th articles, and the provisions made in the other articles of this Treaty, shall be considered as a full compensation for the cession herein made.
ARTICLE 10. Punishment of Lest the friendship which is now established between the United offences.
States and the said Indian Nation should be interrupted by the misconduct of Individuals, it is hereby agreed, that for injuries done by individuals, no private revenge or retaliation shall take place, but instead thereof, complaints shall be made by the party injured, to the other by the said nation, to the Superintendent, or other person appointed by the President to the Chiefs of said nation. And it shall be the duty of the said Chiefs, upon complaints being made as aforesaid, to deliver up the person or persons against whom the complaint is made, to the end that he or they may be punished, agreeably to the laws of the State or Territory where the offence may have been committed; and in like manner, if any robbery, violence, or murder, shall be committed on any Indian or Indians belonging to said nation, the person or persons so offend
ing shall be tried, and, if found guilty, shall be punished in like manner Chiefs to exert as if the injury had been done to a white man. And it is agreed, that themselves to the Chiefs of the Kanzas shall, to the utmost of their power, exert themrecover stolen
selves to recover horses or other property which may be stolen from any property, &c.
citizen or citizens of the United States, by any individual or individuals of the Nation; and the property so recovered shall be forthwith delivered to the Superintendent, or other person authorized to receive it, that it may be restored to its proper owner; and in cases where the exertions of the Chiefs shall be ineffectual in recovering the property stolen as aforesaid, if sufficient proof can be adduced that such property was actually stolen, by any Indian or Indians belonging to the said nation, the Superintendent or other officer may deduct from the annuity of the said nation a sum equal to the value of the property which has been stolen. And the United States hereby guarantee, to any Indian or In
dians, a full indemnification for any horses or other property which may Proviso. be stolen from them by any of their citizens : Provided, That the prá perty so stolen cannot be recovered, and that sufficient proof is produced that it was actually stolen by a citizen of the United States. And the said Nation of Kanzas engage, on the requisition or demand of the President of the United States, or of the Superintendent, to deliver up any white man resident amongst them.
ARTICLE 11. It is further agreed on, by and between the parties to these presents, U.S. to enjoy that the United States shall forever enjoy the right to navigate freely all the right of nav.
igating the wa. water courses or navigable streams within the limits of the tract of coun
ter courses, &c. try herein reserved to the Kanzas Nation; and that the said Kanzas Nation shall never sell, relinquish, or in any manner dispose of the lands herein reserved, to any other nation, person or persons whatever, without the permission of the United States for that purpose first had and obtained. And shall ever remain under the protection of the United States, and in friendship with them.
ARTICLE 12. This Treaty shall take effect, and be obligatory on the contracting Treaty binding parties, as soon as the same shall be ratified by the President, by and when ratified. with the consent and advice of the Senate of the United States. In testimony whereof, the said William Clark, Commissioner as afore
said, and the Deputation, Chiefs, Head-men and Warriors of the Kanzas Nation of Indians, as aforesaid, have hereunto set their hands and seals, this third day of June, in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and twenty-five, and of the Independence of the United States of America the forty-ninth year.
Nom-pa-wa-rah, or the white plume. Hu-ru-ah-te, or the Real Eagle.
O-pa-she-ga, or the cooper.
Ma-he-ton-ga, or the American.
WITNESSES PRESENT:- R. Wash, Secretary. W. B. Alexander, Sub-Indian Agent. John F. A. Sandford. G. C. Sibley, United States' Commissioner. Baronet Vasquez, United States' S. Agent. Russel Farnham. Jno. K. Walker. Jno. Simonds, jr. Sanderson Robert. L. T. Honore, U. S. Intptr. William Milburn. Baptis Ducherut, Interpreter for Kansas. Paul Louise, Osage Interpreter. Noel Dashnay, Interpreter. Ant. Le Claire, Interpreter.
To the Indian names are subjoined marks.
TREATY WITH THE PONCAR TRIBE.
June 9, 1825.
Proclamation, For the purposes of perpetuating the friendship which has heretofore Feb.6., 1826.
. existed, as also to remove all future cause of discussion or dissension, as it respects trade and friendship between the United States and their citizens, and the Poncar tribe of Indians, the President of the United States of America, by Brigadier General Henry Atkinson, of the United States' Army, and Major Benjamin O'Fallon, Indian Agent, with full powers and authority, specially appointed and commissioned for that purpose of the one part, and the undersigned Chiefs, Head-men, and
Warriors, of the Poncar tribe of Indians, on behalf of said tribe, of the other part, have made and entered into the following articles and conditions, which, when ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall be binding on both parties-to wit:
ARTICLE 1. Supremacy of It is admitted by the Poncar tribe of Indians, that they reside within U.S. acknow. the territorial limits of the United States, acknowledge their supremacy, ledged.
and claim their protection. The said tribe also admit the right of the United States to regulate all trade and intercourse with them.
ARTICLE 2. U.S. will take The United States agree to receive the Poncar tribe of Indians into the Poncars
their friendship, and under their protection, and to extend to them, under their pro- from time to time, such benefits and acts of kindness as may be convenient, and seem just and proper to the President of the United States.
ARTICLE 3. Trade, &c. to All trade and intercourse with the Poncar tribe shall be transacted at be transacted at such place or places as may be designated and pointed out by the Presuch places as the President
sident of the United States, through his agents; and none but American may designate. citizens, duly authorized by the United States, shall be admitted to trade or hold intercourse with said tribe of Indians.
ARTICLE 4. Regulation of
That the Poncar tribe may be accommodated with such articles of trade among the merchandize, &c. as their necessaties may demand, the United States Indians.
agree to admit and licence traders to hold intercourse with said tribe, under mild and equitable regulations: in consideration of which, the Poncar tribe bind themselves to extend protection to the persons and the property of the traders, and the persons legally employed under them, whilst they remain within the limits of the Poncar district of country. And the said Poncar tribe further agree, that if any foreigner, or other person not legally authorized by the United States, shall come into their district of country, for the purposes of trade or other views, they will apprehend such person or persons, and deliver him or them to some United States' superintendent, or agent of Indian Affairs, or to the Commandant of the nearest military post, to be dealt with according to law. And they further agree to give safe conduct to all persons who may be legally authorized by the United States to pass through their country; and to protect, in their persons and property, all agents or other persons sent by the United States to reside temporarily among them.
ARTICLE 5. Course to be That the friendship which is now established between the United pursued in order States and the Poncar tribe should not be interrupted by the misconto prevent inju. duct of individuals, it is hereby agreed, that for injuries done by indiduals.
viduals, no private revenge or retaliation shall take place, but instead thereof, complaints shall be made, by the party injured, to the superintendent or agent of Indian affairs, or other person appointed by the President; and it shall be the duty of the said Chiefs, upon complaint being made as aforesaid, to deliver up the person or persons against whom the complaint is made, to the end that he or they may be punished agreeably to the laws of the United States. And, in like manner, if any robbery, violence, or murder, shall be committed on any Indian or Indians belonging to said tribe, the person or persons so offending shall be tried, and if found guilty shall be punished in like manner as if the injury had been done to a white man. And it is agreed, that the