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ties which shall adopt a liberal policy, and wont to be used only as a substantive, and thus carry out the design of the law. always meant something appropriated by let
A bill embracing these features is now pre-| ters patent; but in the Augustan age of Gilparing, and I have no doubt that it will pass
fillan and Tupper, it seems bad breeding to and become a law during the next session of use the words clear, plain, evident, intelligi. our legislature. Hon. J. B. Mallard, chairman |ble, open — we must say patent, if you please, of the committee on education in the senate,
instead. •I feel confident,' thunders one genis the leading man in the movement, and is tleman, who is denouncing the Pope in Exeeminently qualified to take the direction of ter Hall, 'that this utterly abominable priestthe work. He has made himself thoroughly craft must be patent to you all.' • My Luds,' acquainted with the educational systems of says another (Mr. Slipslop, Q. C.), 'that the other states, and knows what are the wants last witness called has disgracefully perjured and hindrances in his own state. He will un- himself must be patent to everybody present doubtedly receive the appointment of super- in this court.' Have faith in this sublime intendent, as we have no other man in the truth, my beloved brethren,' snuffles the Honstate so well qualified for the service.
orable and Very Reverend Somebody, in his Introducing the system thus gradually will
most sonorous cadence, the road to eternal be a slow process, but it will be a natural
life is patent to you all.' Some — The jury growth of public sentiment, and will there
retired for some half hour or so, to deliberate fore be more likely to have a healthy progress,
upoa their verdict.' Here is a vicious sense
in which to use the word ‘some' — it makes and permanent character.
flat nonsense of it. Why not say, “ The I hope soon to be able to tell you that we
jury retired for half an hour or thereabouts ;' are carrying on successfully our work of edu
or, . For about an hour?' Yet these learned cational reform.
pundits, these ripe scholars, would laugh conI remain, as ever, my dear Schoolmaster,
sumedly if they heard any man say that. The Yours, very truly,
judge retired to drink some sherry or so,' or that “The foreman of the jury came into
court and delivered some verdict or so. Our Corrupt English.
own correspondents' in the daily public
prints have been at a great feast of languages “I should like to see a tribunal established and stolen the scraps. Critical severity, at Westminster,” says a correspondent of a
therefore, on these points, cannot be pushed literary journal, “for the trial of those who
· "for the trial of those who to an excess." assail and batter the Queen's good English. With such a man as the late Sir Philip Francis on the judgment seat, we should fill all H. B. MAYNARD, of Kendalls Mill, Maine, the state prisons during Hilary term. I men- agent, advertises in the Gospel Banner for two tion two more of the most recent improve- male teachers for the coming winter, who can ments in the lenguage of Old England, for “teach” as well as "keep" school. He adds the making of which platform orators and the in postscript, “ No person who wears a shawl, daily newspaper press cannot be too much spectacles, or walks with a cane, need apply, as complimented. Patent — A word, in the sufficient instruction from that class has aldark age of William Shakspeare, that was ready been had."
FIRESIDE DEPARTMENT. what they have said to incur or escape the
penalties. It depends upon a play of words. Brown Bread.
The cook not liking “P's," the players must
avoid giving an answer in which that letter I am a Yankee, born ʼmong the rye and corn,
occurs. As the same proposition must not of the Eastern States, 'tis said; And a tribute I'll pay, in a rhyming way,
be repeated twice, those even who are in the To their loaves of good brown bread.
plot are sometimes entrapped; the answer
they had resolved on being forestalled by anI've lived, at best, six years in the West,
other player, they have no time for consideraWhere wheat is used instead,
Object Lesson.---No. 1.
THE TABLE CLOTH.
In a valuable little book, re-published in You still may make white bread and cake,
this country by Gould & Lincoln, Boston, enBy style and fancy led,
titled “ Pleasant Pages for Young People,” But, I will tell you, sir, that I prefer A loaf of good brown bread.
we find a series of OBJECT LESSONS, a few of
which we intend to present from time to time - New England Farmer.
C. E. E.
to the readers of The SCHOOOMASTER.
Lucy. I do not know anything about ObThe Cook Who Does n't Like Peas.
ject Lessons. Manma, what are they? A GAME FOR THE CHILDREX.
Mamma. First, – To teach you to observe
minutely. More than half the knowledge The leader of the game puts the following which men possess, they get by carefully noquestion to the assembled players in succes- ticing things. sion :
W. That is easy; we are to use our eyes, “My cook does n't like peas; what shall we I suppose. give her to eat?”
M. Yes, and other organs also ; you do A player suggests “turnips," "potatoes," | not observe sounds with your eyes. “a piece of bread,” “chops," "a penny roll,” W. No; I use my ears. "pork,” &c.
M. And how do you notice different scents? To all these, the questioner replies “ She W. I observe them with my nose. doesn't like them (or it) – pay a forfeit.” M. And the differences in taste – between
Another proposes “carrots," "dry bread," the taste of milk, and milk and water, for in“beef,” “mutton," &c., the answer to any of stance ? which is
W. I find that out with my tongue. “ That will suit her,” and the questioner M. And if you want to know whether pays a forfeit.
your plate is hot or cold ? If only two or three are in the secret, the W. I can tell that by feeling. game proceeds for some time to the intense M. So you have several organs to observe mystification of the players, who have no idea with.
W. Yes; organs for seeing, hearing, smel. M. Quite right Ion. Now move your finling, tasting, and feeling, – there are five. ger from that corner to Lucy's corner, with
M. They are called the five senses. These out taking it off the cloth, and you will find senses are, all day long, bringing some knowl- that it may travel to her in four directions. edge or other to your mind. The Object Les- 1. I can move my finger along this edge, sons will lead you to use them more carefully or the other - in two directions. and slowly, — and afterwards to form words
| W. That is another part — the edge. The for expressing your observations with exact-lo
sact | cloth has corners and edges — two parts.
| 1. Or, instead of going round the edges, I In the course of time you will learn many move my finger across the face of the cloth things. You will have to look at two or three objects together, - and to notice in
M. Do not say " the cloth's face,” say what they are alike, and in what they differ
surface. Your finger may travel in another - to compare them as we say. Then you will
way across the under surface - that will make learn to find out the reason why they differ
four directions. to reflect ; and when you can observe, com
|W. Ah, then, the cloth has four parts — pare, and reflect carefully, you shall learn to
the edges, corners, upper surface, and under arrange your objects in classes.
surface. And I see another ! In what part W. Oh, I do not understand that at all,
is the urn placed ? mamma! Please, where is an object to be
bel Ada. In the middle ; that is another part. gin with?
L. Here is another part, which I made M. There are plenty of objects everywhere. |
nere. myself — the "hem” round it. Here on the breakfast table is a good stock of
1. And then you made some stitches, they lessons. The piece of bread and butter you
must be parts of the cloth. are eating — you have never noticed it half
M. So they are. enough.
A. I see some flowers marked all over it. L. And the milk and egg.
W. But they are not parts. M. Yes; we will talk about the bread,
L. I think the flowers on it must be called butter, sugar, milk, the egg, the salt, coffee,
parts, because if the cloth had not any patpapa’s cocoa, the boiling water, bacon, knife
terns on it, it would be a sheet. and fork, plate, tea-cup, spoon, coffee-pot, the table-cloth, and the mats: one object ev
W. Very well. It has a border that is a ery Thursday morning at breakfast-time. part. We shall not have time for a long lesson
- On : on
Look! now-suppose we begin with the table-cloth. thousands of parts all at once. Now, Willie — take great notice with your
while I pull out some in this place, where it eyes, and tell me all its parts.
is “unraveled.” They are little threads or W. My eyes tell me it has no parts at all;
"ravelings.” it is all in one piece.
M. They are called fibers properly. M. Then you must have very bad eyes. 1. Where do the fibers come from, mamWillie - look again.
Ilon. Here is the corner of the cloth in my M. They grow in the fields. In Yorkshire, lap. This is one part, is it not? The table - Ireland, and Flanders, you may see fields cloth has corners.
covered with plants, bearing a pretty blue
flower : they are called flax plants. After the cided that she must be expelled. She got no flowers are dead, the plants are pulled up. good herself, and her bad example injured the The seeds are then beaten out; the stalks are others; it would be better that she should be soaked in water, and dried, and beaten, and dismissed. He called Jane to him one aftercombed, and bleached, and so on, until they noon, and gravely told her his intention of become bundles of fibers fit to make into a sending her away. table-cloth.
“I don't care,” said Jane, angrily. “I L. What is done with the seeds ?
hate the school, and I shall be glad to go !” • M. They are sold to the chemists, and oth-|
mists, and oth. He endeavored to reason with her upon the ers, and are called linseed.
ingratitude and sinfulness of her conduct. w. So my linseed-tea, and the table-cloth as he was speaking, one of the teachers, come from the same plant.
whom we will designate Miss Gray, came very L. And the linseed-oil which Jane rubs near them to fetch a book which she wanted. the furniture with.
Of course she did not pass without Jane's M. Goods made from flax-plant are called
quick eyes seeing her. The girl's sullen de«linen" goods. They are manufactured in
meanor instantly changed. A fresh thought Leeds, Dundee, Dunfermline, and the north
seemed to strike her, and looking up at the of Ireland. You may look for these places | master, she said, hastily, “ Well, I'll promon the map. Come, Willie, see if your eyes ise to be a better girl if you'll put me in Miss are any better now. Can you tell me the Gray's class." parts of the table-cloth?
“How will that make you a better girl, W. Yes, mamma, I can see them now. Jane ? " May I make up the lesson about it?
| “I don't know, sir. But I like her, and I'll do what she tells me.”
“ And why do you like Miss Gray, Jane ?" (1) Our Table-cloth is a piece of linen with “Because she's the first teacher that's ever four edges — four corners — an Under Sur-spoke kind to me. She helped me to get my face, Upper Surface - Middle, Hem, Stitches, bonnet-strings out of a knot this morning, Pattern, Border, and Fibers.
when I wanted to undo them because it was (2) The linen is procured from the stalk of so hot; and she was so pleasant over it. She the flax-plant, which is grown in Yorkshire, smiled and said, “It only wants a little paIreland, Flanders, &c.
tience, Jane. Oh, she is such a nice lady! (3) Table-cloths are made at Leeds, Dun- If you would only let me get into her class !" dee, Dunfermline, &c.
The result was that Jane went into Miss
Gray's class, where she soon fulfilled the The Wonderful Key.
promise she had made of becoming a better
girl. She grew so tractable, and industrious, Jane was the most tiresome and wayward and obliging, that every body in the school, child in her school. She quarreled with her the grave master not excepted, was perfectly companions, disobeyed her teachers, and be astonished. “We must learn your secret," haved improperly. No one could manage her. say they to Miss Gray. The more she was scolded and punished, the “I have no secret but love," was her reply. worse she became. At length the master de-' And that "love" was the key which had op
OBJECT LESSON NUMBER ONE. --THE TABLE
ened Jane's heart. She loved her teacher; know all that is in the Bible ; but somehow I and from loving her teacher, she learned to don't get so interested in what he teaches us, love her Saviour. Years have rolled away and I don't feel so inclined to mind it." since then; Miss Gray has finished her la- | “How is that, Robert?”. bors, and entered into her rest; and Jane -1 “Why, mother, he never looks a bit pleasthe once troublesome, self-willed, unmanage- ant at us, and he never says a word to us exable school-girl — is now the active and de- cept about our lessons. I'm sure I could nervoted wife of a faithful home missionary, win- er tell him if I was in any sort of trouble, for ning the affections of children by the same I don't think he understands just how boys irresistible charm which early attracted her like us feel ; but I could have gone to Mr.
B— if I had wanted to, as easy as I could Take encouragement, dear teacher, and re- go to you, mother: he was a real gentleman, solve to make use of this magic key. Culti- Mr. B— was, mother ; but for all that he vate an affectionate attractiveness of manner. was the best friend I ever had. I wish he Strive to “ be gentle unto all, apt to teach, / would come back again.” patient; in meekness instructing those that! It is very evident that Robert's old teacher oppose themselves :" for in a world like ours, had got hold of the right key. - Christian where sin has planted not only sadness but | Treasury. suspicion in the mind, and natural pride and independence guard with careful jealousy the Anecdote of Nathaniel Bowditch. portals of the heart, it needs a tender and considerate touch to elicit another's confidence
The following anecdote, which we find in and sympathy. “He that winneth souls is
the biography of this eminent mathematician wise." Let your children feel that you really
and teacher of navigation — himself entirely
a self-taught man — was translated by Rev. love them, and they will soon reciprocate
| Mr. Young from the Correspondance Astronoyour love; and when you have secured their warm affections, you have accomplished much.
mique of Baron Zach, a very distinguished For there is little hope of our doing the young
European astronomer : any permanent good, unless we have first
“ The Baron is relating the sensation causfound out the way to reach their hearts ; and
ed at Genoa by the arrival there, in 1817, of this is one reason, we are inclined to think,
that splendid packet, the Cleopatra's Barge, why our teaching so often fails — it emanates
owned by George Crowninshield, Esq., of Sarather from a mind imbued with a sense of
lem. He says that he went on board with all duty, than gushes forth from a heart over
the world, “and it happened," to use his
own words, “ that, on inquiring after my flowing with love. Our pupils recognize us as their teachers : but do they look upon us
friends and correspondents at Philadelphia as their friends ?
and Boston, I mentioned, among others, the
name of Mr. Bowditch. He is a friend of “ Mother,” said a Sunday scholar one day
our family and our neighbor at Salem,' replied to his mother, “I don't like my new teacher
the captain, — a smart, little, old man ; · and half so well as my old one."
that young man whom you see there, my son, “ Why not, Robert? Isn't he as clever ;” was his pupil ; in fact, it is he, and not my
“Oh, yes, mother; he talks much grander self, who navigates the ship. Question him a than Mr. B- used to do, and he seems to 'little, and see if he has learnt anything.' Our