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dot and stroke as it was made. They think

The Bible in Schools. it better fun than puzzles. Very pretty.

JUDGE WHITING has addressed a letter to “ Now there he is, beginning at the schoolyard, talking of its size ; then advancing to a

the Governor of New York, recommending notion of the street; then of the town, then that the punishment of O'Connell, convicted of the province; and leading his pupils to an of murder should be commuted. In the letidea of space, and the extent of country in- ter he says : dicated upon such a map."

“ The convict is a youth, as near as I could

judge, about sixteen ; his life a forfeit of the Punctuation Points.

law; a victim of bad habits and a want of

early moral training - if ever an inmate of The points now used in punctuation were one of our common schools, one from which introduced into writing gradually, sometime the Bible, the best school book ever placed in the after the invention of printing. The Greeks hands of children, was probably ruthlessly rehad none, and there was no space between jected. their words. The Romans put a kind of di- The idea that simply to educate the brain, vision between their words; thus, Publius. and to neglect the heart, is the duty of the Scipio Africanus.

state, is to my mind the greatest error of the Up to the end of the fifteenth century, only age. The Bible is the hand book which points the period, colon, and comma had been intro- out the path, the straight and narrow way, duced. The latter came into use latest, and which leads to life, and is resorted to by all was only a perpendicular figure or line pro- religionists following after our Saviour. Why portionate to the size of the letter. To Aldus should it be rejected if used without note or Manutius, an eminent Italian painter, in 1490, comment ? Excuse me, sir, this digression we are indebted for the semi-colon, and also does not belong to this letter, and I trust your for the present form of the comma. He also Excellency will forgive it. My heart bleeds laid down rules, now observed, in regard to for not only this poor lad, but for hundreds I their use. The note of interrogation and the see around me every day, following in his note of exclamation were not added till some footsteps, which the goodness of an unseen years later, and it is not known by whom. arm, rather than the moral training of the

Inverted commas (") were first used by state or of the home, restrains.” Guillemet (pronounced gheel-ma), « French There is great truth in this although it is printer, and were intended by him to super- nothing new. The Bible is the best school sede the use of Italic letters; and the French book ever placed in the hands of children. printers now call them by the inventor's name. The precepts that are learned before they are But these marks are at present used by Eng- fully comprehended well up into the soul lish printers to denote quoted matter. In a long afterwards, a living spring to refresh and London book — "The Art of English Poe-invigorate it. Apart from its religious chartry" — printed in 1807, it appears that this acter, its literary merits, its elevation of senmode of denoting quoted matter is of late timent, its beauty and sublimity render it the origin, as such matter is therein denoted by book of all books for the education of the inbeing set in Italic. It is not known by whom tellect as well as of the heart. -- Providence the apostrophe and dash were invented.

Daily Journal

In every

A Letter from Georgia.

education, not so much for the want of op

portunity, as for the want of inclination. SAVANNAH, Ga., Sept. 13th, 1858.

That something should be done to extend My Dear Schoolmaster :

educational facilities to all the children of the We are so far behind you of New England state, is not only admitted, but is felt as a in almost everything relating to educational

necessity, by all interested in the welfare of progress, that we have hardly the courage to

our state. Hitherto, on account of the practell you of our present condition and pros- tical difficulties in the way of a general syspects. Nevertheless, since you have request. tem of education adapted to the unequally ed me to do so, I will give you a brief out- conditioned localities of the state, together line of what the friends of education in this with the various elements of opposition to state hope to accomplish during the approach- such a system, nothing has been done by the ing winter.

state. Indeed, the friends of education have You are probably aware that we have no

at last been compelled, though reluctantly, to public school system in Georgia. But it relinquish all idea of a general system adaptwould do the people of this state great injus-ed to all portions of the state, and have unittice to conclude from this fact, that they are ed with great harmony, on a plan embracing indifferent to the great matter of popular ed

the following points ; ucation. In almost every county of the state

1. The appointment of a State Superintenthere is a chartered academy, liberally endow

dent of Public Instruction, whose duty it shall ed with the proceeds of state lands, granted

be to visit the different parts of the state for some years ago for this purpose.

the purpose of obtaining educational statistics, community, also, where a sufficient number

the present condition of the schools, and the of children can be gathered, a school of a

wants of the people ; also, by lectures, teachlower grade may be found. Many of these

ers' associations, educational conventions, and schools in the most favored communities,

such other means as he may be able to emwould suffer little in comparison with the best

ploy, to awaken an interest in popular educa-schools in your own little state. In the plan

tion, and disseminate sound and enlightened. tation districts, especially along the sea-board,

views on the subject. where the scattered condition of the white

2. To pass a law authorizing any county population necessarily precludes the idea of a school, the planters, in order to educate their to elect a Board of Education, to establish a children, are compelled either to employ pri- system of public schools within its jurisdicvate tuition, or to send their children away to tion, subject to certain general restrictions, and. school. Ample provision is made for higher

to levy a tax on the property of the county education in our state. We have a well en

for the support of such schools. dowed university, five or six colleges, at least

3. Either to sell the State Railroad, valued as many female colleges, and several profes- at $5,000,000, and set aside the proceeds as a. sional schools, — all in a flourishing condi- permanent educational fund, or apply the antion. Notwithstanding all this, however, nual net proceeds of the road, about $300,000, there are many children growing up in this to the support of the schools of the state. great state almost destitute of the means of In distributing this sum annually to all the obtaining even an ordinary education : while counties of the state, it is proposed to dismany more, I regret to say, fail to obtain an I criminate somewhat in favor of those coun-

ties which shall adopt a liberal policy, and wont to be used only as a substantive, and thus carry out the design of the law.

always meant something appropriated by letA bill embracing these features is now pre- ters patent; but in the Augustan age of Gilparing, and I have no doubt that it will pass fillan and Tupper, it seems bad breeding to and become a law during the next session of use the words clear, plain, evident, intelligi. our legislature. Hon. J. B. Mallard, chairman ble, open — we must say patent, if you please, of the committee on education in the senate, instead. •I feel confident,' thunders one genis the leading man in the movement, and is tleman, who is denouncing the Pope in Exeeminently qualified to take the direction of ter Hall, 'that this utterly abominable priestthe work. He has made himself thoroughly craft must be patent to you all.' My Luds, acquainted with the educational systems of says another (Mr. Slipslop, Q. C.), that the other states, and knows what are the wants last witness called has disgracefully perjured and hindrances in his own state. He will un- himself must be patent to everybody present doubtedly receive the appointment of super

in this court.' • Have faith in this sublime intendent, as we have no other man in the truth, my beloved brethren,' snuffles the Honstate so well qualified for the service.

orable and Very Reverend Somebody, in his Introducing the system thus gradually will

most sonorous cadence, the road to eternal

life is patent to you all.' Some - The jury be a slow process, but it will be a natural

retired for some half hour or so, to deliberate growth of public sentiment, and will therefore be more likely to have a healthy progress,

their verdict. Here is a vicious sense upon

in which to use the word 'some' – it makes and permanent character.

flat nonsense of it. Why not say,

" The I hope soon to be able to tell you that we

jury retired for half an hour or thereabouts ;' are carrying on successfully our work of edu

or, For about an hour? Yet these learned cational reform.

pundits, these ripe scholars, would laugh conI remain, as ever, my dear Schoolmaster,

sumedly if they heard any man say that. The Yours, very truly,

judge retired to drink some sherry or so,' or that • The foreman of the jury came into

court and delivered some verdict or so. Our Corrupt English.

own correspondents' in the daily public

prints have been at a great feast of languages “I should like to see a tribunal established

and stolen the scraps. Critical severity, at Westminster,” says a correspondent of a therefore, on these points, cannot be pushed literary journal, “ for the trial of those who assail and batter the Queen's good English. With such a man as the late Sir Philip Francis on the judgment seat, we should fill all H. B. MAYNARD, of Kendalls Mill, Maine, the state prisons during Hilary term. I men- agent, advertises in the Gospel Banner for two tion two more of the most recent improve- male teachers for the coming winter, who can ments in the language of Old England, for teach" as well as "keep" school. He adds the making of which platform orators and the in postscript, “No person who wears a shaul, daily newspaper press cannot be too much spectacles, or walks with a cane, need apply, as complimented. Patent — A word, in the sufficient instruction from that class has aldark age of William Shakspeare, that was ready been had."


to an excess.

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what they have said to incur or escape the penalties. It depends upon a play of words. The cook not liking “P's,” the players must avoid giving an answer in which that letter

As the same proposition must not be repeated twice, those even who are in the plot are sometimes entrapped ; the answer they had resolved on being forestalled by another player, they have no time for consideration.

Object Lesson.---No. l.


I've lived, at best, six years in the West,

Where wheat is used instead,
But in all my round, I've seldom found

A loaf of good brown bread.
Since I have roamed to my boyhood's home,

The rocks and hills I dread;
Yet, in spite of that, I'm growing fat,

Every day, on good brown bread.
You still may make white bread and cake,

By style and fancy led,
But, I will tell you, sir, that I prefer

A loaf of good brown bread. - New England Farmer.

C. E. E.

In a valuable little book, re-published in this country by Gould & Lincoln, Boston, entitled “ Pleasant Pages for Young People," we find a series of OBJECT LESSONS, a few of which we intend to present from time to time to the readers of THE SCHOOOMASTER.


Lucy. I do not know anything about ObThe Cook Who Does n't Like Peas.

ject Lessons. Manma, what are they?

Mamma. First, - To teach you to observe

minutely. More than half the knowledge The leader of the game puts the following which men possess, they get by carefully noquestion to the assembled players in succes- ticing things. sion:

w. That is easy; we are to use our eyes, “My cook does n't like peas; what shall we I suppose. give her to eat?"

M. Yes, and other organs also ; you do A player suggests turnips," "potatoes," not observe sounds with your eyes. sa piece of bread," "chops," "a penny roll,” W. No; I use my ears. pork," &c.

M. And how do you notice different scents? To all these, the questioner replies “ She W. I observe them with my nose. doesn't like them (or it) — pay a forfeit." M. And the differences in taste - between

Another proposes "carrots," "dry bread," the taste of milk, and milk and water, for in“beef," "mutton," &c., the answer to any of stance ? which is

W. I find that out with my tongue. “ That will suit her,” and the questioner M. And if you want to know whether pays a forfeit.

your plate is hot or cold? If only two or three are in the secret, the W. I can tell that by feeling. game proceeds for some time to the intense

M. So you have several organs to observe mystification of the players, who have no ideal with.


W. Yes; organs for seeing, hearing, smel. M. Quite right Ion. Now move your finling, tasting, and feeling, - there are five. ger from that corner to Lucy's comer, with

M. They are called the five senses. These out taking it off the cloth, and you will find senses are, all day long, bringing some knowl. that it may travel to her in four directions. edge or other to your mind. The Object Les

I. I can move my finger along this edge, sons will lead you to use them more carefully or the other – in two directions. and slowly, — and afterwards to form words

W. That is another part — the edge. The for expressing your observations with exact- cloth has corners and edges — two parts. ness.

1. Or, instead of going round the edges, I In the course of time you will learn many move my finger across the face of the cloth things. You will have to look at two or

to Lucy. three objects together, - and to notice in

M. Do not say "the cloth's face," say what they are alike, and in what they differ

surface. Your finger may travel in another - to compare them as we say. Then you will

way across the under surface - that will make learn to find out the reason why they differ

four directions. to reflect ; and when you can observe, com

W. Ah, then, the cloth has four parts — pare, and reflect carefully, you shall learn to the edges, corners, upper surface, and under arrange your objects in classes.

surface. And I see another! In what part w. Oh, I do not understand that at all,

is the urn placed ? mamma! Please, where is an object to be

Ada. In the middle ; that is another part. gin with

L. Here is another part, which I made There are plenty of objects everywhere. myself — the “hem” round it. Here on the breakfast table is a good stock of

1. And then you made some stitches, they lessons. The piece of bread and butter you

must be parts of the cloth. are eating - you have never noticed it half

M. So they are. enough.

A. I see some flowers marked all over it. L. And the milk and egg.

w. But they are not parts. M. Yes; we will talk about the bread,

L. I think the flowers on it must be called butter, sugar, milk, the egg, the salt, coffee,

parts, because if the cloth had not any patpapa's cocoa, the boiling water, bacon, knife

terns on it, it would be a sheet. and fork, plate, tea-cup, spoon, coffee-pot, the table-cloth, and the mats: one object ev

w. Very well. It has a border that is a

part. ery Thursday morning at breakfast-time. We shall not have time for a long lesson

1. Oh! oh! I am so pleased, I have found

Look! suppose we begin with the table-cloth. thousands of parts all at once. Now, Willie — take great notice with your

while I pull out some in this place, where it eyes, and tell me all its parts.

is "unraveled.” They are little threads or

"ravelings." w. My eyes tell me it has no parts at all; it is all in one piece.

M. They are called fibers properly. M. Then you must have very bad eyes,

1. Where do the fibers come from, mamWillie - look again. Ion. Here is the corner of the cloth in my

M. They grow in the fields. In Yorkshire, lap. This is one part, is it not? The table- Ireland, and Flanders, you may see fields cloth has corners.

covered with plants, bearing a pretty blue



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