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the most interesting natural objects in every of Thermopylæ. “ It consists of a narrow objections relate principally to their want country; the character and customs of the passage, five or six miles in length, but of moral purity, and their containing so inhabitants; and their civil, literary, and only 50 or 60 paces in breadth, and in the much that is uninteresting and useless. religious institutions. A considerable part narrowest part only 25, in the time of the We will merely suggest to Mr Worcester of these descriptions is taken from books of Greeks, now nearly double from the retir- the propriety of publishing other volumes travels, and great judgment and fidelity are ing of the sea.”
of extracts from books of travels. The manifested in excluding from them every The use of the distributive either as course of his reading must have qualified thing of an immoral tendency. It is, in- synonymous with each, is not very uncom- him to select, with little labour, a great deed, difficult to give a faithful view of the non among good writers. It is not, how- variety of useful and interestin matter character and manners of the various ever, well established; and all will avoid which it is not easy for all to obtain, and classes in society, without resorting to lan- it, who consider how important it is to pre- which, connected as it is with much that is guage too gross and indelicate to be exhib- serve exact modes of expression. An ex- unprofitable or injurious, costs far too ited to children; and books of travels are ample of this error occurs, vol. ii. p. 83; much. seldom recommended by a great degree of closed at either end by statues."
The author has not stated in what manpurity. The art of describing licentious We have discovered other errors, but ner the Sketches should be used in schools. scenes or habits in an inoffensive manner, forbear mentioning them, lest it should be We will suggest a method, which seems to does not consist merely in marking them inferred that the faults bear a considerable us a good one. After the study of an elewith just opprobrium. If the mind of the proportion to the excellencies. Although mentary work on geography, it may be rewriter be in itself pure, a savour of inno- we cannot concede to Mr Worcester a viewed; and during the review, the Sketches cence will characterize all that it does, and very good talent for descriptive writing, may be studied in connexion with it. Short all that it produces, and do more than the he certainly possesses a rare faculty for lessons of the geography should be given, severest censure, to protect the reader selecting the most important facts, which that the scholars may have suitable time against the enticement of evil.
his subject affords; and, with a few excep- to attend to the descriptions of the most The style of this work is, in general, tions, he presents them in a manner not interesting objects; and in no case should pleasing and correct; and many of the only intelligible, but highly interesting. their progress in the geography exceed that descriptions are uncommonly beautiful. It Considering the great difficulty of describ- in the Sketches. The recitations should would be difficult to name two volumes, ing works of art in a manner intelligible to consist of answers to such questions as may which display finer specimens of this kind children or common readers, he has suc- be propounded by the instructer, and should of writing. For this, however, Mr Wor- ceeded very well. We doubt not that the never be made verbatim. The work is cester is principally indebted to his author- present edition will soon be disposed of, and adapted only to the higher classes in our ities. We frequently notice a want of case we shall offer a little advice in relation to schools, but we hardly know any work and simplicity which will render the sen- improvements.
which will be more interesting to them. tences of his own writing obscure to chil- As to the style, we have already made The engravings are sufficiently well exedren; and, occasionally, a deficiency in some remarks, which may have the effect cuted, and they add much to the value of grammatical correctness. There are also to correct some errors. As to the matter, the work. The typography is neat, and many passages, to understand which, will it would be well to describe the religions has very few errors. require more science than most of his read- of several countries, especially in Asia, or ers can be supposed to possess. He some- to omit to mention them. The book may times aims at the lighter graces of compo- be filled with what is highly important and For the Oracles of God, four Orations. For sition, but with no very great success. He interesting, and, at the same time, intelli
Judgment to Come, an Argument, in nine has much better taste in selecting than in gible; and it is injurious to the minds of parts. By the Rev. Edward Irving, M. A. writing, but even here he sometimes fails. children to accustom them to read or com
Minister of the Caledonian Church, HatHis assiduity in searching every where for mit to memory what they cannot under
ton-Garden. New York, 1823. Svo. the useful and the important, is not beyond stand. We do not state this as a universal It is difficult to say what constitutes genius, his judgment in choosing, from his gathered principle, for there are many important or to provide a criterion which shall deterstores, whatever it is peculiarly necessary exceptions to it; but whatever can be mine its existence and its measure. Perthat his readers should know; but he does made comprehensible should never be forc-haps there is no better test, than the power not always cull the most beautiful flowers, ed upon the mind unexplained. It is, there- of influencing others, especially if the mind nor wreathe them very tastefully.
fore, rather worse than useless, to encum- to be subjected to examination, is wholly We have noticed two or three instances, ber the work with a remark that the reli-devoted to the work of acting upon other in which the definite article is used for the gion of a certain country is that of Boodh, minds. If we judge him thus, Mr Irving is the indefinite; as, vol. ii. p. 121, in describ- of the Grand Lama, of Sinto, or of Vishnu, surely a very great man; and it would be difing the Grotto of Antiparos. “ The sides without any explanation of its character. ficult to deny him, on any grounds, the credit are planted with petrifactions, also of white We might apply the same remarks to some of possessing an extraordinary intellectual marble, representing trees; these rise in other subjects, which are occasionally intro- and moral character. rows one above the other, &c.” If there duced in a manner that gives no important Every one, who reads the newspapers, were but two rows, this would be correct. information. The Sketches are not a knows that the Caledonian Chapel, in
The very prevalent error of using the purely elementary work, and should not, which he preaches, is crowded with the singular adjective any after an adjective in like the Elements of Geography, admit highest rank and fashion and talent of Lonthe superlative degree, sometimes occurs; general statements. They may receive a don. He gathers, Sunday after Sunday, an as in vol. ii. p. 288. “ The largest of these little improvement in this respect.
audience who could not be gathered unless temples and of any [all] in Egypt, is that of A very important object, which we ex- he spoke to them with a power victorious Carnac.”
pect these Sketches to promote, is to excite over habit, and pride of rank, and love of In vol. i. p. 275, we read: “The Lithu- a more general interest in works which ease, and contempt for religion ;-an audianians, who were formerly under the same give similar information. To gratify this ence, who, as they could not be drawn into government with the Poles, but now chiefly interest, it might be well to add an appen- his presence by any common enticement, included in the empire of Russia, resemble dix, giving a short account of the principal so neither could they be deluded by oratorthe Poles and Russians." The imperfect authorities, especially of those which are not ical quackery into a belief that glittering tense here supplies the places of both the common in our booksellers’shops. There are nothingness was eloquence. Still so many imperfect and present. Still greater con- some serious objections to books of travels, papers and literary journals ridiculed him, fusion is produced in the following passage, which might be obviated; and they would we thought he must be somewhat ridicuvol. ii. p. 119, from leaving both tenses to then constitute a very suitable and highly lous; and as it was confidently said, that he be understood. He is speaking of the pass interesting part of our literature. These I had destroyed his power and popularity by
printing his sermons, and thus taking from of the Word is a duty distinct from all therefore, to have a chance of hearing, I have rethem the support of his oratory, we did ex- other duties; that the principles it de- frained from systematic forms of speech, and enpect to find in this volume much more to be clares are excellently well adapted to cer- deavoured to speak of each subject in terms propsurprised at, than to be pleased with. In tain parts of the business of life, but of dif- er to it
, and to address each feeling in language that
seemed most likely to move it-in short, to argue this we mistook the matter altogether. ficult application or doubtful expediency in like a man, not a theologian ; like a Christian, not
The style of this work is very peculiar, others; and that, on the whole, it promul- a churchman.” and occasionally very bad; it savours of af- gates a law, which should generally be held
In giving his book the strange title it fectation, which indeed stares upon us in good esteem, but may be safely disre- bears, Mr Irving was probably influenced from the title page,—but its prevailing garded when it arrays itself against the es- somewhat by the wish to depart from the characteristics are derived from the exces- tablished fashions of society, or demands the common path, and thus arrest the attention sive use of the Scotch idiom, and from his abandonment of some cherished indulgence, by eccentricity, and somewhat by the reapassionate love for the earlier English writ- or insists upon the dethronement of a favour- sons assigned in the preface, from which ers, who have evidently influenced his ite and customary sin.
we have already quoted. whole manner of thought and expression. He supposes the nature and offices of reMuch as we reverence the name of Tay- ligion to be utterly mistaken; that it is handling religious truth—the Oration, and the Ar
“I have set the example of two new methods of lor, we are almost disposed to say, that Mr banished from daily domestic duties and gument; the one intended to be after the manner Irving is not only nearer to him than any constantly recurring exigencies, from the of the ancient Oration, the best vehicle for addressliving English writer, but so near, that it is occupations of business, the relations and ing the minds of men which the world bath seen, more just to call him a kindred spirit, than intercourse of society, in all which it should far beyond the sermon, of which the very name
hath learned to inspire drowsiness and tedium; the an imitator. He occasionally writes in bad dwell as their sovereign and their life,
other after the manner of the ancient Apologies, taste, and uses words and figures carelessly, from seasons of health and activity, when with this difference, that it is pleaded not before and attempts, somewhat too often and too the mind is clear to perceive and the frame any judicial har, but before the tribunal of human obviously, a high strain of imaginative elo- strong to execute its commandments, and thought and feeling. The former are but speciquence. On the other hand, his language the homage that is paid, is a free-will offer- mens ; the latter, though most imperfect, is intendis generally perspicuous and forcible, his ing,—to moments marked out for relucted to be complete. The Orations are placed first
in the volume, because the Oracles of God, which ornaments and illustrations are used for the ant and melancholy worship, to casual they exalt, are the foundation of the Argument, sake of the argument, which is never turn- fragments of time when leisure can be which brings to reason and common feeling one of ed aside to make room for them ;-and spared for cold devotion, to hours given by the revelations which they contain. though often exceedingly severe, he finds way of bribe that the rest of life may gosion, and I deprecate it not ; for it is the free agi
** For criticism I have given most plentiful occafault with nothing that is good.
free, and to the visitations of suffering and tation of questions that brings the truth to light. The most prominent and unpleasant fault disease, when the heart is shuddering with It has also been my lot to have a good deal of it in this work, is the frequent huddling to- fear, and the shadows of coming death darken where I could not meet it, and if I get a good deal gether of subjects which are as far apart as the intellect, and the whole soul is enslaved more I shall not grumble; for a book is the property heaven and earth. For instance, in one by dread and agony. If, indeed, every mo- of the public, to do with it what they like. The part of his “ Argument,” he goes, with ment of this fleeting and unreal existence author's care of it is finished when he hath given
it birth. The people are responsible for the rest. scarcely the transition of a paragraph, from create the destiny of abiding, yea, eternal I have besought the guidance of the Almighty and a magnificent and sublime picture of the realities, and religion, or the want of it, his blessing very often, and have nothing to beLeast Judgment, to a criticism of modern determine whether this destiny shall be of seech of men, but that they would look to thempoetry. This certainly arises, in great part, joy or wretchedness ;-surely each instant selves, and have mercy upon their own souls.” from bad taste, but it probably originates which passes by while we stop upon this The subjects of the Orations are, in a degree from Mr Irving's declared in threshold of being, should bear witness that First,- The preparation for consulting tention of endeavouring to extend the uses religion existed in the whole conduct of the the oracles of God of religion, by connecting with it literature man, as life in the healthy frame ;-all full Second,-The manner of consulting them. and every thing else which men love or and perfect in every part.
Third and Fourth,—The obedience due busy themselves about. His principle is a Mr Irving seems to propose not only the to them. good one, and it may be that we find fault amendment of his lay audience, but the The purpose of the Argument is, to show with some instances of its operation, only stirring up of his clerical brethren. He plainly the certainty and the reasonablebecause we cannot free ourselves from the says, in his preface,
ness of man's accountability, and its exact influence of those thoughts or sentiments
“Until the servants and ministers of the living conformity not only with the whole course which separate religion from that which God do pass the limits of pulpit theology and pul and character of human pursuits, relations, should make one with it, and, as it were, pit exhortation, and take weapons in their hand, and institutions, but also with the absolute exile her from her proper home. But with gathered out of every region in which the life of and universal necessity of created beings ;all its faults
, it must be acknowledged, that man or his faculties are interested, they shall never and further, to claim for the whole subject this book abounds with specimens of splen- have religion triumph and domineer in a country, of God's reckoning with man its rightful
digdid diction, and that every paragraph gives and her eternity of freely-bestowed wellbeing."
as beseemeth her high original, ber mei Yee majesty, nity ; to rescue it from idle, aimless speculaproof of strong, bold, and original sagacity.
tion and the vain phantasies of imagination, Mr Irving believes that the Bible is not
In the dedication of the second part of from the blasphemy of those who scorn it, and
this volume, he says, an Orphic song indeed,
the unmingled horrors which the thoughts of Full of strange words, to a strange music chanted," “For it seems to me that upon religion we are many gather around it, and make it stand but really true, and true in a sense in growing wiser than our fathers who were content forth, a certain and solemn circumstance,
, and that this which nothing else is true; that it is among age requireth religious truth to be justified, like which must occur to every individual, and books as the Saviour was among men, and other truth, by showing its benefits to the mind it- which every one would do well to make that we shall actually do a wise thing and self, and to society at large. *** For their ear is adequate provision for. behave with a provident regard to coming shut, and I hope the ear of all men is for ever shut, He discusses the subjects, which fairly events, in striving to learn what this book to the authority of names; and it is vain now to
come before him, with great power and says, and to govern our relations to each quote the opinions of saints or reformers, or coun
cils or assemblies, in support of any truth. They boldness ;-telling many plain truths and other, our judgments upon all the matters even hold cheap our venerable theological lan- attacking many influential and favourite of life, and our conduct in all its concerns, guage, though it can boast of great antiquity, and opinions. We cannot make extracts enough by the directions herein contained. He they insist upon its being translated into common to give an adequate idea of his course of seems to think it quite time that the world phrases, that they may understand its meaning. argument, but will quote soine passages, should be delivered from the rooted and
And the misery is, they will not listen unless we which may suffice to show the character of
gratify them in this reasonable request, but allow universal error,-universal in its operation, us to Have our disputations to ourselves while we his thoughts and expressions. They are not in its acknowledgment;—that the study cover them with that venerable disguise. In order, I from the second Oration.
“The more ignorant sort of men, who entertain by erecting the platform of our being upon the new nothing if not conjoined with the utterances of a religion by a kind of hereditary reverence, as they condition of probation, different from that of all christian spirit, and the evidences of a renewed do any other custom, take up the Word of God at known existences. Was it ever heard that the sun life. *** To look suspicious upon those who are stated seasons, and aftlict their spirits with the task stopped in his path, but it was God that command attracted to the sacred page by its gracious pictures of perusing it, and, to judge from a vacant face, ed? Was it ever heard that the sea forgot her of the divine goodness, and love it with a simple and an unawakened tone, and a facility of endur- instability, and stood apart in walled steadfastness, answer of affection to its affectionate sayings, or a ing interruption, it is often as truly inflicted upon but it was God that commanded? Or that fire for- simple answer of hope to its abundant promises, the soul as ever penance was upon the flesh of a got to consume, but at the voice of God? Even so to undervalue those who feed their souls with its miserable monk. Or, upon another occasion, when man should seek his Maker's word, as he loveth his spiritual psalmody, or direct their life by its weighone beholds mirth and jocularity at once go dumb wellbeing, or, like the unfallen creatures of God, ty proverbs, reckoning an authority and grace of for an act of worship, and revive again with fresh as he loveth his very being—and labour in his obe: God to reside in every portion of it—to suspect glee
when the act is over, one cannot help believo dience, without knowing or wishing to know aught those who live on devotion, on acknowledgments of ing that it hath been task-work with many, if not beyond.
Providence, and imitation of Christ, because they with all. Holding of the same superstition is the ** Necessity, therefore, I say, strong and eternal cannot couch their simple faith and feeling in techpractice of drawing to the Word in sickness, afilic- necessity is that
, which joins the link between the nical and theological phrase, but sink dumb wher tion, and approaching dissolution, as if a charm creature and the Creator, and makes man incum- the high points of faith are handled all theseagainst the present evil, or an invocation of the bent to the voice of God. * **
the baneful effects of holding so much acquaintance future good.'
“That which I have sketched of the soul's neces- with formularies of doctrine, and so little with " For studying his will, it is of no importance sities needeth something more than to rake the the Word itself-so much acquaintance with the save to perform it in the face of all opposition from Scriptures for a few opinions, which, by what religious spirit of the age and country, and so little within and from without; therefore, of all seasons, authority I know not, they have exalted with the with the spirit of God, -argue a narrow form of resickness, and affliction—when we are disabled from proud name of the doctrines: as if all scripture ligion, and an uncharitableness of spirit, from action, and in part also from thought-is, it seems were not profitable for doctrine. Masterful men, which we pray God to deliver all who pertain to to me, the season least proper for the perusal of or the masterful current of opinion, hath ploughed the household of faith! * * * the Word. If it cannot overmaster us when we with the word of God, and the fruit has been to in- " Why, in modern times, do we not take from are clothed in all our strength, then it is a poor vic- veigle the mind into the exclusive admiration of the Word that sublimity of design and gigantic rory to overcome us when disease hath already some few truths, which being planted in the belief, strength of purpose which made all things bend beprostrated our better faculties. Then chiefly to and sacrificed to in all religious expositions and fore the saints, whose praise is in the Word and take concern about the name and the word of God, discourses, have become popular idols, which frown the church of God? Why have the written seis a symptom of our weakness, not of our devo- heresy and excommunication upon all who dare crets of the Eternal become less moving than the tion.
stand for the unadulterated, uncurtailed testimony. fictions of fancy, or the periodical works of the “ From this extreme of narrow and enforced at. Such shibboleths every age hath been trained to day; and their impressiveness died away into the tendance upon the word of God, there are many mouth; and it is as much as one's religious char- imbecility of a tale that hath been often told ? Not who run into the other extreme of constant con- acter is worth, to think that the doctrinal shibbo- because man's spirit hath become more weak. sultation, and cannot pass an evening together leths of the present day may not include the whole Was there ever an age in which it was more pain conversation or enjoyment of any kind, but call contents and capacity of the written Word. But, tient of research, or restless after improvement? for the Bible and the exposition of its truths by an truly, there are higher fears than the fear even of Not because the Spirit of God hath become backable hand. That it becomes a family night and the religious world; and greater loss than the loss ward in his help, or the Word divested of its morning to peruse the word—and that it becomes of religious fame. Therefore, craving indulgence truth--but because we treat it not as the all-accommen to assemble themselves together to hear it ex. of you to hear us to an end, and asking the credit plished wisdom of God--the righteous setting pounded—is a truth ; while at the same time it is of good intention upon what you have already works of men along side of it, or masters over it-no less a truth, that it is a monkish custom, and a beard, we summon your whole unconstrained man the world altogether apostatizing from it unto folly. most ignorant slavery, to undervalue all intellectu- to the engagement of reading the Word ;-not to We come to meditate it, like armed men to consult al, moral, or refreshing converse, for the purpose of authenticate a meagre outline or opinions elsewhere of peace-our whole mind occupied with insurrechearing some favourite of the priesthood set forth derived, but to prove and purify all the sentiments tionary interests; we suffer no captivity of its his knowledge or his experience, though it be upon which bind the confederations of life; to prove truth. Faith, which should brood with expanded a holy subject.
and purify all the feelings which instigate the ac- wings over the whole heavenly legend, imbibing its " Yet though thus we protest against the formali- tions of life; many to annihilate; many to im- entire spirit—what hath it become? a name to conty and deadness of such a custom, we are not pre- plant ; all to regulate and reform ;-to Wridle the jure up theories and hypotheses upon. Duty likepared to condemn it, if it proceed from a pure tongue till its words come forth in unison with the wise hath fallen into a few formalities of abstainthirst after divine teaching. If in private we have word of God, and to people the whole soul with ing from amusements, and keeping up severitiesa still stronger relish for it than in the company of the population of new thoughts
, which that Word instead of denoting a soul girt with all its powers our friends--if in silent study we love its lessons reveals of God and man-of the present and the for its Maker's will. Religion also, a set of opinno less than from the lips of our favourite pastor- future. These doctrines, truly, should be like the ions and party distinctions separated from high enthen let the custom have free course, and let the mighty rivers which fertilize our island, whose dowments, and herding with cheap popular accom. Word be studied whenever we have opportunity, waters, before escaping to the sea, have found plishments--a mere serving-maid of everyday life; and whenever we can go to it with a common con- their way to the roots of each several flower, and instead of being the mistress of all earthly, and the Sent.
plant, and stately tree, and covered the face of the preceptress of all heavenly, sentiments—and the “ Against these two methods of coinmuning with land with beauty and with fertility-spreading very queen of all high gifts and graces and perfecthe word of God, whereof the one springs from the plenty for the enjoyment of man and beast. So tions in every walk of life !" religious timility of the world, the other from the ought these great doctrines of the grace of God in religious timidity of Christians; the one a pen. Christ, and the help of God in the Spirit, and fallance, the other a weakness; we have little fear of en man's need of both—to carry health and vitalicarrying your judgments : but you will be alarmed ty to the whole soul and surface of christian life. Reliques of Ancient English Poetry; conwhen we carry our censure against the common But it hath appeared to us, that, most unlike such sisting of old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and spirit, of dealing with it as a duty. Not but that it wide-spreading streams of fertility, they are often, other Pieces of our Earlier Poets, together is a duty to peruse the word of God, but that it is as it were, confined within rocky channels of in- with some few of later date. First Amer. something infinitely higher. ***
tolerance and disputation, where they hold noisy “Duty, in truth, is the very lowest conception of brawl with every impediment, draining off the nat
ican from the fifth London edition. Philof it-privilege is a higher-honour a higher,--hap- ural juices of the soul; and, instead of fruits and
adelphia, 1823. 3 vols. 8vo. piness and delight a higher still. But duty may be graces, leaving all behind naked, barren, and un- (Continued from the last number.] suspended by more pressing duty-privilege may peopled! *** be foregone, and honour forgot, and the sense of The Scriptures are not read for the higher ends. It would, in England, seem almost an act happiness grow dul; but this of listening to His of teaching the soul practical wisdom, and over- of presumption to attempt, at this late pe. voice who plants the sense of duty, bestows privi- coming the practical errors of all ber faculties, ofriod, to criticise a work so long known and lege, honour, and happiness, and our every other all her judgments, and of all her ways. Then the so well established in its reputation as faculty, is before all these, and is equalled by noth- Word, which is diversified for men of all gifts, ing but the stubbomest necessity. We should hear cometh to be prized chiefly as a treasure of intel first American edition, and many of our
Percy's Reliques.” This however is the His voice as the sun and stars do in their courses, lectual truth, elements of religious dogmatismas the restful element of earth doth in its settied often an armoury of religious warfare. Then our readers are probably in our own situationhabitation. His voice is our law, which it is sacri- spirits become intolerant of all who find in the Bi- now presented, for the first time, with a lege, worse than rebellion, worse than parental re- ble any tenets differing from our own, as if they book of which they have heard much. It bellion, to disobey. He keeps the bands of our had made an invasion upon the integrity of our is at length within their reach, and if the being together. His voice is the charter of our faith, and were plotting the downfall of religion notice which we have taken of it, induce a existence, which being disobeyed, we should run | itself. Then an accurate statement of opinion to annihilation, as our great father would have done, from the pulpit, from the lips of childhood, from the few to examine it with minds free from prehad not God in mercy given us a second chance, death-bed of age, becomes all in all; whereas it is judice, we shall think that we have con
ferred a favour upon the literature of our Among the modern poets who have Where the midge dares not venture,
Lest herself fast she lay; country. caught their inspiration from old ballads
If love come, he will enter, It is not a work which will captivate on we forgot to mention Burns. It is well
And soon find out his way. a first, or perhaps even a second reading; known that the spark which kindled bis but it will win its way. It has no dazzling genius was a song, that has never been You may esteem him
A child for his might; beauties to strike at the first sight; but its printed-one of those which for ages have
Or you may deem him unadorned simplicity must sooner or later been current in Scotland, in the memories
A coward from his flight; produce its effect. and on the lips of its highly poetical peo
But if she, whom love doth honour, It is beautifully and justly remarked by ple. Burns continued through life to love Be concealed from the day, Addison, that “ An ordinary song or ballad, ihese songs, and his last years and almost Set a thousand guards upon her
Love will find out the way. that is the delight of the common people bis last bours were spent in remodelling cannot fail to please all such readers as are them, and suiting them to the ears of his Some think to close him not unqualified for the entertainment by cotemporaries, whose taste had in a great By having him confined,
Some do suppose him, their affectation or their ignorance; and measure been reformed by his exertions.
Poor thing, to be blind; the reason is plain, because the same paint. On directing our attention more particu
But if ne'er so close ye wall him, ings of nature which recommend it to the larly to the Scottish ballads in Percy's Col- Do the best that you may, most ordinary reader, will appear beautiful lection, we lighted upon the original of Blind love, if so you call him, to the most refined.” Spectator, No. LXX. “ Ew-Bughts Marion," long a popular song
Will find out the way. It is not only to the lovers of poetry, in Scotland; and found its first stanza the
You may train the eagle that we think this will be an interesting source of some exquisite lines of Burns, To stoop to your fist; publication. Some of the ballads are very which have dwelt on our memory from the
you may inveigle
The Phænix of the East; ancient. The first in the second volume first moment of our reading them; but is “A ballad made by one of the adher- which have lost much of their effect upon
The lioness, ye may move her
To give o'er her prey; ents to Simon de Monfort, Earl of Leices us by a comparison with the quiet simplic
But you'll ne'er stop a lover; ter, soon after the battle of Lewes, which ity of their original. Our readers shall He will find out his way. was fought May 14th, 1264.". The manu- judge.
We are unwilling to extend this notice script from which it was copied is supposed
“Will ye gae to Ev-Bughts, Marion,
further, and can only say in conclusion, to be as ancient as the time of Richard II.
And wear in the sheip with me?
that we consider “ Percy's Reliques" to be Another ballad is called “The Turnament of The sun shines sweit, my Marion,
an established classic in our language, -a Tottenhamn, or the wooing, winning, and wed- But nae half sae sweit as thee.
work to be studied,-a book which ought ding of Tibbe, the Reeve's daughter there,"
Will ye gae to the Indies, my Mary,
to be in the hands of every candidate for and is supposed to have been written at
And leave old Scotia's shore?
poetical fame; and that, without being least as early as the time of Edward III. Will ye gae to the Indies, my Mary,
thoroughly imbued with its spirit, no EngJudging from the sameness of the versifica- Across the Atlantic's roar?
ligh poet can be considered as a master of tion and general style, we should think it
Oh sweet grow the vine and the olive,
his art. nearly coeval with the former. There is
And the apple on the pine, almost an unbroken series of ballads from But aw the charms of the Indies, these down to the time of Elizabeth, and Can never equal thine."
The Three Perils of Woman; or Love, we regret that they are not arranged in
Leasing, and Jealousy. A series of Dochronological order. There are likewise that delightful humour, which has so often
There is in the same ballad something of
mestic Scottish Tales. By James Hogg, many Scottish ballads of different ages. charmed us in the works of Burns.
author of “ The Three Perils of Man," Those, therefore, who delight in philolog
“ Queen's Wake,” &c. &c. In two rolical studies, and inquiries into the history “O Marion 's a bonny lass,
umes. 12mo. New York, 1823. of languages, will find the work interesting
And the blyth blinks in her ee:
Mr Hogg, the poet, has become Mr Hogg,
And fain would I marry Marion, for the assistance it will afford them in
Gin Marion would marry me.'
the novelist, and he is quite as good in this tracing the progress of our native tongue.
latter vocation as in the former. Ile has And here we will make one observation,
“There's braw lads in Earnslaw, Marion,
written much; and when one recollects the which struck us forcibly even in our first
Quha gape and glower wi' their ee
early habits and occupations of his life, it is hasty glances over the volumes; namely, At kirk, when they see my Marion,
surprising that he has written so much, so that the more ancient writers, both Eng- But nane of them lu'es lik me."
well. We have never thought his poetry lish and Scottish, wrote in a language more
of the very highest order, though there are resembling modern English in its idioms, “Ime yong and stout, my Marion, than that used by Chaucer and some of his
Nane dance like me on the greine;
passages in all his poems, which indicate a immediate followers. We may pursue this
And gin ye forsak me, Marion,
good deal of various poetical talent. The Ise e'en draw up wi' Jeane."
“ Pilgrims of the Sun,” which we think subject further in a subsequent number.
his best production, is an original and At present we give one extract from the We have room but for one other extract, peculiar work. Something grossness ballad on the battle of Lewes, to show that and we select the following song, for its 'taints the beauty of Mr Hogg's concepthe melody of which our language is sus- singular wildness of imagery and melody of tions and language in everything else ceptible was known before the days of Pope versification. The very homeliness of some which he has written. But in this poem, or Waller. We use, as far as possible, thc of its conceits renders them more agreeable perhaps because the subject,— Death and modern orthography.
to our taste, than the far-fetched pretti- the Life after it,-purified his mind, and
nesses of Moore. “ By God that is aboven us, hic did much sin,
relieved his imagination from its burthen of That let passen over sea, the Earl of Warynne ;
“Over the mountains,
vulgarity, every thought and word is pure, lie hath robbed England, the moors and the fens,
And over the waves,
chaste, and innocent, as an infant's dream. The gold and the silver, and y-boren hence,
Under the fountains,
These tales are in no way didactic,
though the author would fain persuade us « The Turnament of Tottenham" is a
Under floods that are deepest,
that they were intended to be so. He sine specimen of what the British critics
Over rocks that are steepest,
calls them the three “Perils of Woman," call "genuinc old English humour;"--the
Love will find out the way.
and puts at the beginning and end of them author must have been a fine wag-the
a sort of notice of what they should teach,
Where there is no place Washington Irving of his day. Its length
For the glowworm to lie;
by way of guide-board to their moral. The prevents us from inserting it entire, and no
Where there is no space
first portrays the miseries and dangers of extract would do it justice.
For receipt of a tly i
“ Love." But unluckily for the moral, all
the suffering and distress recorded,—and him. But before the marriage, Agatha's exclaimed he; and taking her on his bosom, he there is an abundant supply of it-arises attachment is discovered; M’lon's love impressed a long and burning kiss on her lips, as from an unnecessary and therefore foolish returns in full force, and Cherry gives they coloured with a momentary hue of the beryl, endeavour to repress and conceal an early him up to her cousin, whom he marries in the soul's last embrace with ihe heart.
•Now, with that kind kiss, have you loosed my attachment. The Heroine, or rather Hero- straightway; and not long after, Cherry, bond with mortality-Do you love me still?" ine No. 1, (for there is another) falls in who is throughout a most interesting though • The Almighty knows how I love you, dear, love, and determines to conquer her pas- perfectly impossible character, dies in a dear, and dying sufferer!' cried he, through an sion if she can, and at all events to keep it rapid decline. M’lon alone knows and agony of sobs and tears. to herself; out of this determination comes understands her illness, and foresees her est,' said she ; and laying her head on his bosom,
* Then my last feeling of mortal life is the sweetutter wretchedness to all concerned, par- death, which the following extract de- she breathed a few low, inarticulate sounds as of ticularly to Heroine No. 2, who indulges scribes.
prayer,and again sunk asleep to awaken no more. and confesses her affection without reserve,
• What does all this mean?' cried Gatty, startand would have been made thereby very that M'lon entered. He had been ruminating in ment. "Diarmid! Husband! I say, tell me the
" It was during this period of calm relaxation ing to her feet, and holding up her hands in amazehappy but for the wayward conduct of her the garden, when the servant came hastily and de- meaning of this. cousin, No. 1. Of course, if a young lady livered his mother's message ; and knowing that •Be composed, my love! Be composed! The could learn any thing from this tale, it she was in attendance in Cherry's room, he went meaning is but too obvious. There fled the sweetwould be to avoid all manner of resistance straight thither. The alarm that he testified on est soul that ever held intercourse with humanity." and disguise, when love befalls her, which viewing the condition of the sweet sluniberer, ap
peared to them both matter of surprise. To his is just what Mr Hogg did not mean to lady, in particular, it seemed unaccountably mis- A Gazetteer of the State of New Hampshire, teach, and just what (according to the prev- timed; and she could not help smiling at his per- by John Farmer and Jacob B. Moore. alent notions of the world) few ladies have turbation. He held a downy feather to her lips- Concord, 1823. pp. 276. occasion to learn.
her breath moved its fibres, but could not heave it The second tale is intended as a warning from its place. He felt her pulse long and gentle, It was to be expected, that a state which against “ Leasing” (which is Scotch, for keeping a steadfast, eye on her face, and ever and had produced one of the best maps that
anon his heart throbbed as it would have mounted was ever published, would not long leave lying, in a small way) and “Jealousy ;” two from its place.
it unaccompanied with a Gazetteer. We faults, says the author, to which the fairer • What do you mean, Diarmid " whispered Gatpart of creation is exceedingly prone. But ty, in some alarm; It is nothing but a sleep, and have not had leisure to examine very par
ticularly whether the work before us is in this tale, which is yet more a tale of as peaceful a one as I ever beheld. misery than the first, all the “ leasing” of
Yes, my love, I know it is a sleep; but I pray entitled to rank with Carrigain's map; but the prima donna only gives her a husband pends upon her awakening out of such a sleep, The assistance of several professional gen
you retire, and do it softly, for there is more de- it certainly possesses uncommon merit. of a rank far above her own, and of a char- than you are aware of.'
tlemen has rendered the work sufficiently acter much better than she deserved ; and If there is any danger whatever, I will wait as to her jealousy, unfortunate and unfound with my cousin and you. Why should I leave scientific, and it contains a few engravings her?'
well executed, and a map, exhibiting all ed in fact as it was, if she had not a right to be jealous, no circumstances can give such caution, desiring her to go with all expedition, and form.
“He then took his mother's place with great the townships in the state in their proper a right. We suppose the truth to be, that compound some cordial that he named; he also volume is cheap at the price marked,
The typography is good, and the the stories were intended to be, as they are, motioned to Gatty to go with her, but she lingered $1,25. In the descriptions of the several interesting and amusing tales, and the beside him, curious to see the issue of that slumthought of calling them moral tales, came
ber that so much discomposed her husband. He towns and villages, the reader will find not afterwards.
had his left arm under the pale slumberer's head, only what they are at present, but every Mr Hogg asserts distinctly, that both ently counting, with the utmost anxiety, every them, and frequently an interesting notice
and with his right hand he held her arm, appar- important historical fact connected with of his stories are not only founded on fact, movement of her pulse, and having his eye still of the most distinguished persons, who have but vary very little from the actual truth; fixed on her mild, relaxed features. Gatty sat the incidents being exactly related, and down at a distance, folded her arms, and watched resided there. In this manner a great deal many of the names retained. We should in silence. Mrs Johnson came into the room on of important information is given, and this almost be sorry to believe this, for more his eager eyes were fixed on one object alone. to those, whom the work most concerns.
tiptoe with the cordial; but M’lon saw neither; arrangement will be peculiarly gratifying intense or more extraordinary suffering While in that interesting attitude, one of those
The sublime and picturesque scenery than that which all the principal charac- which a painter would choose, Cherry at once ters are made to endure, can hardly be opened her serene blue eyes, and fixed them with which abounds in many parts of New Hampimagined With all the pathos of such a steady but hesitating gaze on the face of him she shire, has lately attracted much attention ;
. stories, Mr Hogg has contrived to mingle were, mechanically, without so much as a sigh, in White Mountains will probably become as
She awaked, as it and, at no distant period, a journey to the a great deal of humour. There is more the same way that a flame or spark, which seems fashionable as it must ever be gratifying to laughter-stirring fun in them, especially in quite extinct, will all at once slimmer up with a all who love to look upon hills, and vales, the latter, than in any other of his works; radiance so bright, as to astonish the beholders. sometimes his jokes are rather vulgar, and His face was all sadness and despair, but hers and forests, and waters, clothed with beauty generally they incline towards coarseness, already?said she. What a blessed and happy in future without this Gazetteer. We are
• Am I here No one will think of journeying that way
instantly beanied with a smile of joy, but they are always natural and hearty. state this is, and how easily I have attained it! We will give our readers one extract “ With that she started-looked at her clothes
surprised that the author omitted a descripfrom the first tale; and to make it intelli- at his—at all their faces with a hasty glance, and tion of one of the most interesting views, gible, must first tell a little of the story. am I here yet? It is wel, though-it is well
. Ant scenery about a pond, called, as we believe,
then added, " Already! No, I should have said, which the state affords. We refer to the Agatha Bell, the daughter of a wealthy | how fortunate it is, for if I had gone away without Baker's pond, in Orford, on the road from farmer on the borders, falls in love with this interview, I should have been compelled to Plymouth through Wentworth and Orford M’lon, a young Highland nobleman; but return.' Then stretching out her hand, on one of not being so certain as she wishes to be of the fingers of which there was a ruby ring, that he to Hanover. If it now remains as we saw a return to her affection, entirely conceals bad put on that day he pledged her his troth—she it in 1821, there are few spots more roit. M'lon, who loves her passionately, le could not answer her, for his bosom was burst
poinied to it, and said, See, do you know this?' | mantic and beautiful. thinks, from her conduct, that she has an
ing with anguish. “And these simple robes--do aversion to him, and endeavours to con- you know these ?-Why, you cannot answer me ;
Belzoni in Egypt; Fruits of Enterprise quer bis attachment. After a while he dc- but I know you do. Now, do you remember that esemplified in the Travels of Belzoni in termines to marry Cherubina, the cousin on that day I returned you your faith and troth, Egypt and Nubia. 18mo. Boston, 1824, of Agatha and almost a child; chiefly out that I said, I should never ask another kiss of you This is one of the most interesting works,
and released you froin your rash pledge of honour, of gratitude for the devoted love and unre- tut one? I crave it now.' served confidence she manifests towards • This is more than hyman heart can support,'' which has been presented to our children: