« AnteriorContinuar »
head and right hand to be cut off, and ex- his death was the consequence. Defendant posed to public view on a pole.
acquitted of said charge, and the plaintiff, “ Hendrik, slave of P.S. Tesselaar, Adam, condemned to be flogged. on a charge of grossly ill-treating his wife, “ Johannes Tobias Laubscher, on a in consequence of which she was delivered charge of ill-treatment preferred against of a dead child: coridemned to be exposed him by his slaves Stephen, Marthinus, and to public view, with a rope round his neck, Solon : the first and second plaintiffs senunder the gallows; then scourged and tenced to receive each thirty lashes, and branded; and afterwards to labour in irons the confinement suffered by the third without wages, on the public works at deemed an adequate punishment. The Robben Island for life.
defendant was also sentenced, for reasons “Jasmyn, slave of Dirk Clocté, on a moving the Court, in a penalty of thirty charge of preferring a false complaint rixdollars. (1l. 10s.)”. against the Landdrost of Stellenbosch, to bis Majesty's Fiscal, condemned to be
“ Such are a few-a very few severely flogged.
specimens of the outrages conti“ Asia, slave of Isaac Coetzee, for having nually recurring on the part either mistress, for ill-treatment of the female of the oppressor or the oppressed, slave Diana, which was alleged to be the in a country where slavery is said cause of her death: condemned to be to assume its mildest aspect. Yet, severely flogged. ** Saptoe a convict slave), on a charge enmity and suspicion, still more de
wretched as is this state of reciprocal of secretly entering a house, with the presumed intention of stealing prisoner con- plorable, if possible, is the dreaddemned to be flogged, branded, and con- fully demoralizing influence of slafined to labour ten years in irons.
very upon the young, alike of the “Slaves V. Masters.
free and the enthralled population. a Johannes J. Synders, for the cruel treat- Marriage and baptism, systematicment of a slave, who was said to have died
ally discouraged by the masters in in consequence: condemned to six months'
general, are rare among the slaves. imprisonnent.
*C. Jansen, European servant of J. R. Promiscuous intercourse is common. Louw, on a charge of ill-treatment prefer- Illicit connexions with the White red against him by Diedrik and Joseph, men are encouraged among the slaves of said Louw: condemned in nalty of fifty rixdollars (31. 158.) on behalf young female slaves-frequently of the poor's box at the Paarl.
even prescribed by their Christian “C. A. Marais, on a charge of ill-treat- owners. In Cape Town it is notoment, preferred against him by his female rious as noon-day, that the rearing slave Kaatje: defendant sentenced in a pe- and educating of handsome female nalty of twenty-five rixdollars, and severeby reprimanded.
slaves, as objects of licentious traffic « A. P. Zeeman and his wife, on a with the European, and especially charge of serious ill-treatment, preferred with the rich Indian, residents, is against them by their female slave. Theresa: extensively practised among slaveby sentence said slave to be judicially sold, holders. If such transactions are and never to come again into possession of defendants or their relatives.
now managed with some greater “0.C. Mostert, for cruel treatment of regard to outward decorum than a female slave, in consequence of which formerly, they are not on that ac. she died : condemned to be banished from this colonyand its dependencies fortwenty
count the less frequent; and I feel
no hesitation in asserting, in the face "P. J. de Villiers, on a charge of ill of the authoritative dicta of the treatment of his slave April: condemned Quarterly Review,' that the practo a confinement of three months in the tice of this disgraceful traffic is still prison of Stellenbosch. Which sentence, however, his Excellency the Governor common in the colony. commuted to a pecuniary fine.
6 While the female slaves are “P. S. Bosman, on a charge of i!l-treat- thus bred up to prostitution, the re- . ment preferred against him by his slave action of their depravity upon the July. The complaint having been proved groundless, the plaintiff condemned to be morals of the White population dogged [This case, exhibits the most is equally obvious and frightful. usual result of complaints by slaves against Brought up from infancy in collision their masters.]
• D. Malang, on a charge of excessive with a brutalized race of beings, ill-treatment of one of his slaves, of which from whom all enjoyments but those
of the senses are debarred, what can ruling classes in every slave colony, the youth of either sex learn earliest are (and must necessarily be) debut the knowledge of evil—the lan- praved to an appalling extent by guage and the lessons of licentious. the early and uncontrolled indulness? Who that has resided at the gence of almost all the worst proCape can be ignorant of the general pensities of our nature ? - by senand premature profligacy of manners suality, unfeeling selfishness, arroamong the young men ? Who, in. gance, rage, revenge !" deed, but must be sensible that the
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
The Book of Genesis considered and
serviceable. The difficulties of illustrated, in a Series of Historical Scripture come also to be fairly Discourses preached in Trinity met. The preacher is less at liberty Church, Cheltenham. By the to leap over the stumbling block Rev. Francis Close, A.M. &c. which it is his duty to remove, 1 vol. 8vo. 12s. London. 1826.
and the result is always found to the The Christian Exodus; or the De- entire advantage of revelation; the
liverance of the Israelites from difficulties of Scripture falling far Egypt practically considered, in short, in number and weight, of its a Series of Discourses. By the easily intelligible passages, and these Rev. R. P. BUDDICOM, M.A., latter often clearly elucidating the F.A.S., Minister of St. George's difficulties. It presents to us, as it Liverpool. 2 vols. 8vo. li ls. were, a piece of solemn music, comLondon. 1826.
posed in many parts, modulated
into various keys, occasionally offerWe can have no better evidence of ing to the inexperienced ear untunthe growing attention of the age to able discords, but all conspiring to the study of the Holy Scriptures, one great harmonious effect., than the appearance of volumes This method of presenting to us like the present. Scripture is here Scripture in large unbroken masses, viewed in its larger masses, and
more has undergone various modifications general bearings. The Old Testa- from the Xoræ Homileticæ of Chryment is brought forward in its legiti- sostom, to the Horæ Homileticæ of mate force, as a book of religious in- Mr. Simeon. The direct expository struction, and as immediately con- form, with a brief practical address nected with the New Testament at the end, did but slightly deviate The whole mass of truth is investi- from the form of a running comgated from appropriate illustrations ment. Such was the plan of the and analogies ; and the preacher is great Constantinopolitan, Chrysosbound down to the happy necessity tom himself; whose ethics have the of instructing his audience by com- peculiar property of being generally paring spiritual things with spiritual. as wide as possible from the original A great variety of subjects is, or matter, or text, of his homily. Of may be, by this plan, brought to this plan, a fair modern specimen notice, which would otherwise have occurs in Adam's truly pious Leclain in comparative obscurity: and tures on St. Matthew. Of the more the exhaustless fulness of Scriptural direct expository discourse we find doctrine and. Scriptural morality, an admirable specimen in the Lecboth by precept and example, tures on the same Gospel by Bishop becomes more prominent and more Porteus. We might mention various other works of the same class, of embraced in them, must beour hope, later date ; such, for example, af Mr. and it is to this selection, as made Gisborne's discourses on the Colos- by our present authors, that we shall sians: these approximate to the now turn our attention. ancient Tractates of Austin on St. We should say further, however, John, or his Enarrationes on the in touching their necessary defiPsalms ; while Calvin, whose Com, ciencies in selection, that one defi, mentary on the Scriptures is his best ciency we think needs not have exwork, has deviated into the same isted in their respectiveworks; name, style, in his Conciones on the Firstly, a want of continuity and conBook of Samuel, and the Book of nexion in arrangement. It would Job*. These purport to have been have added a considerable spirit and taken down from his lips in the reality to their various portraitures, pulpit. Such works as Owen on could they have been seen more in the Hebrews, and Leighton on St. a family or historical piece, and had Peter, hold a middle rank in this there been, as there might have been, style of composition : whilst, in com- a notice of the succession and the ing down to Mr. Simeon's Horæ mutual bearings of one subject upon Homileticæ,we return to the genuine another. In this respect Mr. Close plan of sermon-writing, though in bas not done himself justice in his the skeleton form, to which it has table of contents. For perhaps, as been his practice to reduce his truly far as his long strides across the scriptural matter. In the actual whole Book of Genesis, which he and expanded form of sermons, we perambulates in twenty-nine sermust expect a more detached execu, mons, would admit, he has observed tion of this consecutive plan. And this continuity; at least he has given whilst we are thankful for this be- us a very agreeable idea of consecuginning of the sacred volume, by tiveness in his different details. This, Mr. Close on Genesis, and Mr. Bud- however, no one would reasonably dicom on the remaining Books of guess from the table of contents, Moses, and as far as Joshua ; we which we shall proceed to lay before must still acknowledge many an
our readers. omişsion, even within their narrower “Importance of the Old Testament limits; and many a brake unbeaten Creation–The Fall of Man-The Proon the ground they have respectively - The Deluge-God's Covenant with
mise of a Saviour-Cain and Abel-Enoch assumed. Such is the exuberance Noah-On the Sins of Believers-The of the sacred record, thạt however Confusion of Tongues The Calling of narrow the limits we assign to oure Abram-Lot Melchisedec-The Faith of selves, to select judiciously, rather Abram-Hagarn Family Religion - Inter
cession–The Destruction of Sodomthan wholly to exhaust the topics Abraham offering Isaac— The Marriage
of Isaac--Esau's Profaneness-- Jacob's
Vision--The blessed Influence of the Very appropriate to the privileges of Righteous-PrayerExcessive Sorrowthe present times are the
remarks on those of the Reformation, by Bezą, the learned certain Exposure of Sin-The Shortness of
Godliness profitable for all Things— The prefacer to the above Conciones on Job;
Life--The Compassion of Christ." Close, “ Vere ingens et insigne est illud Opt.
xi-xx. Max. Dei beneficium, quo nostris istis temporibus ecclesiam affecit : tot excitatis, una
It would be a true enigma to any cum linguarum, etiam peregrinarum, et (Edipus, to discover, for example, the honarum artium cognitione, sacrarum lite appropriateness of the last sermon, non judicii acumen, non docendi metho- on "the Compassion of Christ,” to dus, 'non diligentia in saeris voluminibus,
a closing discourse on the Book of modo perpetuis commentariis, modo bre- Genesis ; whereas all unight have vioribus scholiis, modo paraphrasibus, been made perfectly clear, if the modo habitis ad populum concionibus, per title had run thus, "the Conduct of deratur."--Beza Lectori ad Calv, Cone. in Joseph to his Brethern illustrative Job.
of the Compassion of Christ.' The shorter and the truer title might have might have profitably employed his been "the Compassion of Joseph." known erudition in modelling after
Mr. Buddicom has not attempted that historian's celebrated Expediany thing like a consecutive series, tion of the Ten Thousand, under otherwise than as pursuing the or- Cyrus the Younger. The erudite der of the several chapters which and elegant Calvin, whose work on furnish his subjects, in the last four the First Book of Samuel nearly Books of Moses, and the Book of forms a sequel to Mr. Buddicom, Joshua. He assures us that he had has not omitted this advantage of not seen Seaton's Church in the historical arrangement. Wilderness and Church in Canaan, As we have given the table of before he began. We wish he had; contents in Mr. Close’s volume, we for bis Discourses would have gained shall proceed to do the same for in interest, if he had exbibited Mr. Buddicom's two volumes; in something like a geographical de which we think our readers will lineation of the journeying of Israel observe a similar derangement to from one encampment to another; that which we have before noticed and had marked the several events in Mr. Close. of each to which he refers, as the “ The History of Israel between Egypt parts of one whole, the parts of a and Canaan, typical of the Christian Lilewhole to which the history of the applied to the Spiritual Bondage of Men
The Captivity of the Israelites in Egypt world affords no parallel, That an in- in Nature and Sin—The Mercy of God dividual like Moses, “who could not towards the Israelites when they cried to speak, for he was a child,” should Him for deliverance-The Miracle of the nevertheless have succeeded in lead- considered–The Typical Character of
Burning Bush, typically and practically ing an immense host, an entire na- Moses considered, as the Deliverer, Metion, out of one country, and in its diator, Lawgiver, and Guide of Israel course towards another ; detaining The Opposition of Pharaoh to the Liberathem by Divine command forty it was eventually overruled — The World
tion of Israel; and the Manner in which years within the narrow limits of an and Satan opposed to the Christian's uninhabited desert, till the first ge- Spiritual Progress'—Discouragements in neration had actually passed away, Religion productive of Unbelief in the and, with two exçeptions, their chil- Promises of God, The Case of Pharaoh
considered - The Passover instituted dren alone could enter the promised The Character and Conduct of the mixed land; was one continued miracle, Multitude that left Egypt with the Chila miracle, indeed, only to have been dren of Israel - The Tender Consideration effected then, or to be credited manifested by God towards the Israelites
- The Pillar of the Cloud and of Fire-The now, by the means and on the Deliverance of the Israelites, and the Deauthority of those other signs, mar- struction of the Egyptians, at the Red Sea vels, and significant traditions with -The Waters of Marah- The Fall of which it was accompanied.
Manna typically and practically considered-- The
Rock in Horeb smitten by the In a word, as Mr. Close had to de- Rod of Mosest - The Battle between Istail the genealogies and the history rael and Amalek-The Law delivered from of a family, so Mr. Buddicom had Mount Sinai–The Israelites commanded to detail the events and progress of to build the Tabernacle, The Idolatrous a journey, or, as we may say, a divinely appointed Anabasis. And to
* This, we presume, should rather have pursue the obvious allusion to an
been “ The Opposition of Pharaoh, illustraancient author which the last word tive of the Opposition by the World and suggests to us, we should say, that Satan," fc. Mr. Close's series might have been praeticaly considered,” the rock being as
+ Why not here also “ typically and made more classically as well as much so as the manna? In truth, the theologically interesting, by study- above words need not to have been ever ining the unities of Xenophon, in the serted by Mr. Buddicom, as his plan prefamous delineation of his hero, accordingly it will be observed they do not
supposed that mode of treatment: and Cyrus the elder; as Mr. Buddicom
occur in the second volume at all.
Worship of the Golden Calf-The Veiling, tried, tempted Christian, whose heart of Moses.” Buddicom, vol. i. pp. xi- sinks within him; and whose spirit faileth xix.
for waiting so long upon his God, may rest "The Sin and Punishment of Nadab and with delighted confidence. The unfailing Abihu— The Character of the Jubilee, and compassion of that God who is able to the Mode of its Proclamation-The In- supply all our need according to his riches vitation given by Moses to Hobab— The in glory by Christ Jesus,' will provide a Supply of Quails, attended with the Wrath full and sure consolation and deliverance to of God against the Discontent of Israel - his people in the hour of their affiction, The Report of the Spies, after their Return and in answer to their prayers. That from searching out the Land of Promise- relief and redemption will also be afforded
The Sabbath-breaker stoned–The Guilt in a manner unequivocally exhibiting the and Punishment of Korah, Dathan, and riches of his power, and the infathomable Abiram-Punishment denounced against resources of his wisdom. There was no Moses and Aaron—The Brazen Serpent virtue inherent in the tree to sweeten Considerations on the Character of Ban waters which might suffice to supply the laam-The Reproof of Moses to the Tribes thirsting multitudes of Israel, their wives, of Gad and Reuben-Considerations on their children, and their cattle. The salt the Cities of Refuge-The Death of cast by the prophet into the spring of JeriMoses—The Passage of Jordan-Jericho cho which healed its noxious waters, and taken - The Sin and Punishment of Achan bade them fertilize the land around, was
- The Stratagem aud Success of the in its own nature unequal to the wondrous Gibeonites - The Victory obtained by transformation. The meal which the same Joshua over the confederated Kings of man of God bade the sons of the prophets Canaan- The Promised Land divided by cast into the pot, and which instantaLot among the Israelites --Joshua's Re- neously corrected the poisonous qualities, monstrance with the Israelites upon their of the gourds of the wild vine, was incapaWant of Exertion, to finish the War, and ble, by its own agency, of producing a to take Possession of the Promised Land change so effectual, and so instantaneous.
Joshua's Dying. Testimony to the Whence then did they derive their effiFidelity, of God in the accomplish- cacy? From the secret but sure operation ment of his Promises.” Buddicom, vol. of God's almighty power—from the fullii. pp. v-xii.
ness of his blessing upon means which he
had revealed and commanded to be emMr. Buddicom's undertaking, as
ployed. If then, consolation and joy sucbeing the largest and most critical, ceeding to afliction should fill the spirit of will demand our largest measure of a Christian, and rise above his trouble, as notice in detail. He has entered the restored sun above the waters of the
deluged world, let him remember that he on the arduous field of scriptural,
owes the mercy, not to any inherent effiand Old-Testament types. With cacy in earthly sources of comfort, but simwhat judgment, however, and caution ply to an exertion of power and tenderhe has entered, will appear from the
ness on the part of God, which the means
are only channels to convey. The tree following extract from Sermon XV.
may be near our hands, but God must on the waters of Marah, to which point it ont to our notice: and when we we may also direct our readers as cast it into the bitter and troubled waters a fair specimen of the affecting, of our affliction, his almighty sufficiency impressive, serious, and experi. The peace of God shed abroad in the soul mental tones of which Mr. Buddi- of a Christian, keeping his mind through com shews himself in these volumes Christ Jesus,--the blessed assurance cona not incompetent master.
veyed through the gracious ministrations
and influences of the Spirit, that all things «« Moses cried unto the Lord, and the work together for good to them that love Lord shewed him a tree, which when he God,—the influences of the Comforter, had cast into the waters the waters were sent by the Father, in the name of his made sweet.' Some commentators have crucified and risen Son, form the real virconsidered the tree as typical of the tue of the tree which the Christian casts Saviour's cross, whereby the world is cru- into the waters of bitterness, whatever be cified to the believer, and the believer to the external character and form of his conthe world; and by which every affliction solations. And as the Most High honouris over-ruled for his sanctification, hope, ed Moses by shewing him the tree, and peace, and joy. I can see no ground for employing his ministration to heal the such a reference; and am unwilling in waters, so does the Father of mercies use these discourses to adopt any spiritual ap- the agency of his Son to sanctify all the plication beyond that which the Holy sources of happiness to a holy mourner. Ghost has made by express allusion, or He thus pours within such a wounded manifest deduction. One inference is un- spirit the unfailing tide of that peace, deniable,-an inference on which a suffer which the world can neither give nor take