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Mr. President, it is necessary that, on every as but the beginnings of naval renown hereafter to the honorable Senator himself included; they w occasion of this kind, we should understand what be emulated and exceeded, he speaks of them in fit to command ships; therefore the lash is the subject that is presented for the considera- glowing terms of eloquence, which I have not the needful. tion of the Senate. We should look at it as it is, | power of language or the graces of delivery to The honorable Senator commenced his remar not as it is presented to us by oratorical exaggera- 1 equal. He brings them forward as glorious ex- | by saying, that that government is the best wh tions. The honorable Senator from New Jersey amples which we are to follow. If they are ex- rules by love, and not by fear. S.am a good d speaks of administering the lash to these gallant amples which we are to follow; if the ends then in the habit of distrusting these abstractions. ! and noble sailors until the Aesh is torn from their | attained are what we are to propose as the ultima- not know that we are exactly able to form an ice backs, while the blood is running down to their tum of our hopes, is it not a contradiction for the of what is the best government in the abstrace heels; and he assumes, or supposes, that the peti- honorable Senator to say that the very discipline If we confine ourselves to the affairs of this gloin tion now on your table is an application to the which trained men for their accomplishment, on which we live, and on which our ancestors Senate of the United States to be instrumental in makes men cowards? So much with regard to have lived before us, we will find that there neces restoring—I should say, sir, in introducing—such the mischievous tendency of this punishment. has been any such government in it, either human horrible barbarity into the service. Now, what The next objection of the honorable Senator or divine, for one single instant of time. When is the petition. It is simply a petition that the was, that this punishment is inexpedient and un- that primeval pair, from whom we have all spruny, Congress of the United States will restore a dis- necessary. Let us see how that is. As I should were placed in perfect and happy innocence in cipline to the Navy which had existed in it from have said, it is a punishment that obtains in every | Paradise, with their affections all attuned in a harits institution, and was discontinued only during naval service on the globe. It obtained in ours monious disposition to love, to reverence, and to the last session of Congress. 'It is an application from the establishment of our naval marine until serve their great Creator, were they left without to restore a discipline to the Navy which went into the last Congress. It is said by the honorable the influence of this principle of fear? Not at all. operation under the sanction of the immortal Senator, that nothing is urged, in the form of an “ In the day that ye eat thereof, ye shall surely Washington, and was continued under all suc- argument, in support of the necessity and propriety die.” However agreeable and pleasing it may be ceeding administrations of the Government; and of that punishment. He says the common course to us to imagine a state of society in which all Burely I need not say, sir, that asking us to restore is to say that the punishment is necessary, that men shall do exactly everything that is right, and such a discipline, is not asking us either to restore it cannot be dispensed with, and there leave the nothing that is wrong, merely because of a sponor introduce into the Navy a system of horrible, subject. What more does the honorable Senator taneous disposition to do it, it is very certain that barbarous, and detestable exaggeration of punish- say in reply, but simply to make a strong and con- no such government ever has existed, or ever can ment, such as cannot be stated without making fident assertion; and what is that? That it is un-exist, until there is a total renovation of man's the heart turn sick with horror and detestation. necessary. He says that no officer, who is fit to character. All governments, that is, all wise and
The honorable Senator from New Jersey was command a ship, needs the lash. Is that an ar- just governments, act by the double influence of pleased to say, that if he could make the proposi- | gument? or is it not rather one assertion opposed hope and fear, by the application at one time of tion with propriety to the Senate, he would be to another? Certainly the opinion of the Senator reward, at another of punishment. Is not that the glad to see that petition, praying for the restora- is entitled to as much weight and consideration as rule in the domestic circle? We encourage and tion of a law more than half a century old, which that of any man in this country. But it is no | lead our children; but if they will not be encouraged was sanctioned by Washington and by all his more an argument, than the opinion of any other and led we punish them. We endeavor to induce illustrious successors, praying for nothing more, And then, as I have said, the honorable them to do right from love to us: but if they will laid under the table and trampled under foot. I Senator has refuted his own proposition by his not do it from love, they must do it from fear. It hope, Mr. President, that he would not also send own statements. What does he say? He is the object to be accomplished that is to be looked with it under the table, and under the same tram- that is fit to command a ship does not need the at. If we are faithful to ourselves, we do not leave pling of feet, those of us here who think the peti- | lash.” The honorable Senator has certainly told them without the necessary coercive means. The tion right and reasonable and just; for it seems to us, in the eulogy he passed on the celebrated end to be accomplished, is obedience and submisfollow, if those who ask this thing of the Senate | victory of Hull in the Constitution, that Hull was sion—the doing right. If you can bring it about are to be treated with indignity by this body, that fit to command a ship, I suppose that Decatur, 1 by encouragement, and persuasion, and love, so either precisely the same or some similar treatment suppose that Perry, the conqueror of the lakes, much the better. If you cannot, you must resort is justly due to those who advocate the petition that Morris, that Warrington, were all fit to com- to fear, because the end is too valuable to be sacrithey present. But little is gained in discussions mand ships. Yet they all needed, they all used, | ficed. in this Chamber or elsewhere, as I imagine, by the lash. They formed their men with the lash; Mr. President, I believe greatly in the tribute observations which do not meet the merits of the || and in using that term, I do not mean to say that which the honorable Senator has paid to the charquestion under consideration. To that I desire to they were engaged in excessive flagellation. No acter of the American sailor; but permit me to invite your attention for a few minutes, without one asks or contends for that; but that they used say that the honorable Senator does not exactly, undertaking to follow the Senator through the it as a means of discipline, as a means of coercing as I think, meet the question presented by this whole of his remarks, or to notice in detail the their authority and forming the sailor to habits of petition. He says the American sailor is a noble statements which he has made on this subject. obedience. Then, if the honorable Senator has specimen of a man. As a general remark, what
His objections to the punishment which it is conceded the fact that these men actually needed he says is true. He says that such a man as that proposed to restore to the discipline of the Navy the lash; if, as he has shown, they were fii to com- ought not to be degraded. I admit it; but is it divide themselves into two heads. So far as ( see, mand ships, I ask if he has not repudiated all his proposed to degrade him? Is this a petition that my task will be a very ensy one, for the honorable objections?
Congress shall pass a law compelling the officers Senator himself has distinctly refuted both of But again: the honorable Senator has repudia- | who have charge of the public ships of the country them in the course of his remarks. The first is, ted them further, for he tells us, in anticipation of to whip all the men, those who behave well and that this punishment is positively mischievous; what he supposes may be a reply, by an argumen- those who behave ill? It does not propose that that to subject the sailor to the lash is to teach him tum ad hominem, that when he was in the com- commanders shall do as our old friend Caleb Quoto be a coward; that if you expect him to main- || mand of ships, he used the lash. And why? He tem, the schoolmaster in the farce, did. He had lain the glory of the country, to maintain posses- says he acted in obedience to the law. What law? to leave his school to go to the review. He first sion of the public ships, to resist the enemy who There never was a law in the United States that went to the school-house, and not being able to assails him; if you do not wish to build ships, not required the commander of a ship to use the lash. remain long, he thought it best to whip the boys for yourselves, but for your enemies, you must The law authorized him to use it when it was all round before he started, because, he said, he abolish the lash; for by accustoming the sailor to needful. It made him the judge, and the sole knew they would deserve it during the day. There that punishment, you deprive him of the princi- judge, of that necessity. He has no assessors in is no proposal of that kind. These petitioners ples of honor, and make him a coward. Yet in his tribunal. He has no jury to determine when simply wish to restore that discipline in virtue of ihe very same breath the honorable Senator re- the lash shall be used. He is the one supreme judge which a man who offends-a man who, by his minds us of those gallant and noble achievements on his own ship. The law says to him, in fact, conduct, soils this fair and excellent character which distinguished the progress of the late war “When you shall deem it necessary for controll- || which belongs to the American sailor-shall be with England-of those victories upon the ocean ing and directing your vessel and governing your || made to suffer, and to suffer by punishment suffiand lakes which have made the names of the naval men, for restraining misconduct, for giving a cient to restrain him, if possible, and if not, at commanders immortal, and shed lustre upon this proper degree of order to the ship and efficiency least to warn others, whose virtue and whose country; and of which I would only say, that I io the service, you are at liberty to use the lash.” principles may not be very strong, from falling should be entirely satisfied, if the successes of our Now, the honorable Senator says that when he into a like error. naval commanders under this, or any modification was in command of a ship he used it. There is The honorable Senator says that it is very clear, of the law, would equal them. How were those no man who knows him, and who knows the upon looking at the report which has been made sailors bred? Under what discipline were they | kindliness of his heart, who would suppose that here of the number of whippings inflicted for trained? Was it not with this very discipline of he ever used it except in a case of necessity in his drunkenness and other offences, that this punishthe lash, which the honorable Senator says must il judgment. Then he himself, being in the posses- ment is useless and does no good, and is therebe abolished in order to make them brave?' Every sion of a power at liberty to use it at his own dis- fore unnecessary. Is that a proper conclusion? victory which they have gained, every monument cretion when it was needful, and to forbear using Is it one justly drawn? Can it stand the test of of naval renown which, at the day, was received it when it was not needful, actually used it. I examination Suppose that a man should come with shouts of joy and gratulation from one por- suppose none of us here doubt for a single mo- forward and call upon society to abolish all puntion of the Union to the other, and the memory of ment that he is fit to command a ship; he is emi-ishments, and trust to the genial influence of which is cherished by us all, was gained by sail- nently fit for it, at least he was while he was in moral suasion to prevent those who have a dis. ors, noble, daring, courageous sailors, but sailors the service. Thus I think I have a distinct refu- || position to put their fingers into their neighbors' who were formed under the discipline of the lash. tation of the honorable Senator's own proposition. | pockets and take their neighbors' pocket-books,
Now, it seems to me that nothing can be plainer, i It is precisely logical. He that is fit to command or those who desire to steal horses, getting over as I have said, than that this objection of the hon- a ship needs not the lash. It is refuted very sim- | their neighbors' hedges, or those who are bloodorable Senator is refuted by himself; for, so farply. 'All the leading commanders in our service | thirsty from cutting their neighbors' throats, it from speaking of these achievements and exploita | did need the lash as an instrument of authority, seems to me that he might offer precisely the
same argument for abolishing all punishments. ment of Alogging in the Navy; although, as you i genius, and his classical erudition. As far as it He would take up the criminal calendars which well knew, Mr. President, a vast number of peti- was agreeable to him, I am glad that he had the show how many men were punished for stealing, tions and applications upon this subject had been opportunity to do so. But,
sir, there is nothing, how many were punished for murder, and say: received by the Senate, and had been referred to
in my judgment, which the Senator said worthy " These punishments are of no avail—they have the Committee on Naval Affairs, and as I knew of a reply from me, except one remark. In rédone no good, and therefore no punishment should
that committee had been diligently engaged in ferring to my remark, that when the sailor was be indicted. No man supposes for one moment collecting information from every quarter whence Aogged he was scourged like a slave, the honorable that any institutions of society would ever prevent
it could be obtained, and were exceedingly desir- Senator intimated that I was claiming more for the occurrence of crime. But before we come to ous to present to the Senate some measure of im- ' she sailor than he was justly entitled to. Sir, all the conclusion of the Senator, we must ascertain provement which, while it preserved the power of that I ask for the American sailor is, that he shall what would have been the condition of things in the officer in circumstances where it was necessary be treated like an American citizen. I have asked the Vary, and the condition of things in society
to use the lash, should, at the same time, prevent for nothing more. Now, I would inquire of the in the case I have taken, if all legal restraint were | its hasty and ill-tempered or excessive application; Senator if American citizens are generally scourged? removed. Now the spirit of evil would rise re- and while we had the materials ready to make a Mr. BADGER. Certainly they are. freshed, like a giant refreshed with wine. It report on the subject after having paid such atten- Mr. STOCKTON. They may be in North would go forth for destruction and ruin upon all tion and vigilance to the subject as we had hoped Carolina. I believe it is said that that State is a the best interests of society and social order. The might make it worthy the consideration of the little behind the age. Senators argument proves this—if it proves any- Senate, this was put into the civil and diplomatic Mr. BADGER. And in Virginia and Delathing that the system of punishment, severe as appropriation bill without any inquiry except a ware. Most respectable company for North Caroit was, was not more than adequate to preserve a
moment's discussion in the Chamber and was lina. tolerably sound and healthy condition in the naval passed—although this measure was thus put, 1, Mr. STOCKTON. I shall say nothing about branch of the service, and, in my opinion, it for one, am not for touching it now.
Delaware, and I have no knowledge of Hogging proves nothing more.
I want our policy on the subject to become set- being allowed in Virginia. But I say, that the Sir, I shall be extremely glad to see a state oftled. We have become dissatisfied with our past American citizen in the other States of the Union things in which our officers would conduct our experience. The glories of the Navy, the admira- | is elevated high above the scourge. All I ask is, ships over the wide surface of the ocean, and that ble state in which it has always maintained itself that the American sailor should be treated like the service should be carried on always, and in all and performed its duties towards the country under any other American freeman, and not punished circumstances, by free and willing minds; and that the ancient discipline, have not been sufficient to like a slave. The slave is, perhaps, as univerunder the stars and stripes there should never be induce Congress to trust it as it was. They have sally punished by the lash, when he deserves it, as
necessity for resorting to any punishment. We abolished fogging in the Navy. Now, I want no the American freeman is exempt from such a punvould all rejoice at it. I should be extremely glad frequent changes in the discipline of the Navy. Iishment. Therefore it was that I said that an to believe that the particular punishment alluded want the problem worked out by actual experi- | American freeman as he was, the American sailor t can be dispensed with; but it does not help for- ment whether this species of punishment is neces- ought not to be scourged like a slave. Now, I vard the consideration whether it ought to be dis- sary to the Navy or not. We can only ascertain ! would ask the honorable Senator whether he pensed with or not, to say that it is treating the this by waiting and seeing what is the operation would have the punishment of the lash inflicted sailor like a slave. That, I admit, conveys to the of the present system. If it shall prove to be upon the freemen of the United States generally? find something shocking and terrible. Why, the entirely inadequate—if the punishment shall be! If the honorable Senator is prepared to say that honorable Senator would not at all object to con- seen by the country to be absolutely necessary--if he is willing to have this punishment infiicied on ining the sailor who had been guilty of misbe- || it shall be restored with proper safeguards against all the citizens of the United States, there may be havior in irops or in double irons. I think it | its abuse if those safeguards did not exist before, some consistency in his position. vould be extremely difficult to show how a man then it will be restored by a community satisfied Mr. BADGER. Does the gentleman wish me euld exhibit more the appearance of slavery than that the punishment is necessary, and then we may to answer that question? with his hands and legs manacled with double hope to have some rest, and escape from further Mr.:STOCKTON. Certainly, if you see fit. imons, and he himself locked up in prison on board | agitation on the subject. That is my view; and, Mr. BADGER. Then I would say that I am ship. It would not be thought right, if I objected therefore, for my own part, I have no disposition totally opposed to any law for whipping all of to that punishment, to say, that putting a man in to see the subject contained in that memorial fur- the citizens of the United States, for we should be in was treating him like a slave. In one sense ther prosecuted at this session of the Senate. brought into the difficulty of being citizens of the of the word, whenever we seize an offender and If the honorable Senator from New Jersey prefers | United States. With regard to the subject of punRestrain him in the exercise of his liberty, we are it, I, for one, am perfecuy willing that the petition ishing offences, I am very well satisfied that the treating him like a slave, but we are treating him shall lie on the table without being called up again. system of punishment prescribed by the laws of like a slave, because he has shown himself to I want no hasty changes backwards and forwards i the United States, prevails over the citizens of the need such treatment. . We take from him that lib- on this subject. I assure that Senator, and every United States; and I am very well satisfied that eny which he has abused-he shows that he is Other Senator, that, if the naval service can be the system prescribed by law, prevails over those het worthy to exercise the freedom of heaven, || carried on with efficiency, and its character main citizens of the United States who are sailors. I and we are obliged to take away
some of his
priv- | tained, without that punishment, I will be as re- would ask the Senator, if he intends that the sail.
luctant to see it restored as any member of this ors shall have all the privileges of citizens of the Doubles there have been men who have been body. I was opposed to abolishing it because I United States? Does he intend that bills shall be So baygody constituted in the command of an armed believed it necessary to retain it. If it shall be found against them by grand-juries, and they be force is to be able to lead about their troops, as it found that it is not necessary, I shall be as strongly brought to trial before judge and jury? vere, by a charm. There may have been men opposed as the Senator from New Jersey to re- Mr. STOCKTON. I should be very glad if sailunder whose command punishment was unne- storing it. I am indifferent whether the petition ors could have the benefit of a trial by jury. The cessary. The poet has told us of the gallant Gen- goes to the Committee on Naval Affairs, or re- Senator says wisely, that he does not want all the eral Volfe, that "his example had a magnet's mains on the table without further action by the citizens of the United States scourged. He does force, and all were swift to follow whom all Senate.
not wish to be scourged himself, nor does he wish lored." Still, if the general who commands Mr. STOCKTON. Mr. President, I have that the Executive Department of this Government, the army be not that attracting magnet which been accustomed heretofore to look to the Senator nor the members of the two Houses of Congress, induces his men to follow him from love, from North Carolina (Mr. Badger) for direction should be scourged. Now, sir, let him tell
us why the interest, not of the officers but of the country, | and counsel in important matters. I have always a Senator should not be flogged as well as a sailor. reqnires that the men should be made to follow him had great pleasure in considering him not only Or why any other public servant, as well as the from fear. Why, the poets tell us that the herds my friend, but worthy of the most entire confi- | sailor, should not be scourged. Especially let Foluntarily followed Orpheus when he moved dence and respect; but however much I may him tellus, why the defrauders of the Governmentthrough the fields; but the ordinary herdsmen ofregard him individually-however much I may those men who rob the public Treasury--should that day were under the necessity of carrying esteem his great learning and acquirements, not be scourged as well as the sailor. goads to drive before them their reluctant steers. must say to the Senate, even at the risk of being The honorable Senator knew, when he began
We cannot argue from these particular instan- | thought quite presumptuous, that I do not think this argument, that he had no good cause, but, ees; we must adapt our law to the general condi- that the Senater from North Carolina has treated lawyer-like, he has worked all round the circle, tion and character of mankind; and I think it my remarks with his usual candor and fairness. He and at last got back to the very same place from would be as unwise to speculate upon the capacity | has stated my arguments in his own way, and then which he started. He now says, thai he is not of officers of the Navy superseding stringent and unceremoniously declares, that I have myself | willing to restore the lash at present; therefore, etfeetual punishment by attracting the love of their refuted them. His speech seems to have been Mr. President, I move that it is inexpedient to sailors towards them, as it would be if any unfor- characterized by a degree of sentimental levity | grant the prayer of the petitioners. tunale herdsman in ancient times had said he not altogether in good taste. It appears to me
Mr. MALLORY. Mr. President, as one of would take a flute or a fiddle, throw away his | that under the circumstances, I had a right to the Committee on Naval Affairs, it is my mis. thong, go out into the fields, and endeavor by expect something more kind and considerate from fortune to differ with the honorable Senator from piping to induce his cows and kine to follow him the honorable Senator. Certainly the attempt to New Jersey. The views which he has advanced home to their pasture.
turn my argument into ridicule was the last thing so eloquently, came upon me very unexpectedly. Upon the subject of this petition I will say this I should have expected from him.
I have been familiar with the Navy for some although I was myself entirely opposed to the Mr. BADGER. I beg pardon of the Senator. | twenty-odd years, and in interest in the Navy, I change in the law made by the last Congress || I intended no such thing.
can yield to no Senator on this flour. I have some made, as we all know, in a manner irregular and Mr. STOCKTON. I thought the gentleman | views, which I could wish to express on this not according to what are or should be the usages intended to do so.
matter, but as it is now the usual hour of adof sound legislation, by thrusting in an amendment The gentleman at any rate took advantage of journment, if the Senate will indulge me, I would upon a general appropriation bill—the civil and the opportunity to display to the Senate, at the express those views to-morrow morning. I there. diplomatic bill—a proviso to abolish the punish- Il expense of my argument, the versatility of his || fore now move that the Senate adjourn,
Mr. GWIN. I hope the Senator will withdraw Mr. HOUSTON. My object in rising now is Mr. HENN, on leave, introduced a bill that motion, inasmuch as I wish to submit a few to make a suggestion to the House, that the few create three additional land offices in the State remarks on the subject at this time.
minutes left before the special order of the day is Iowa; which was read a first and second time b Mr. MALLORY. I withdraw the motion. executed be appropriated, by universal consent, its title, and referred to the Committee on Publi
Mr. GWIN. I was absent when the Senator to the reception of bills from all gentlemen who | Lands. from New Jersey concluded his speech. I wish have bills to offer, for the purpose of referring Mr. H. also introduced a bill to continue hall to make some few remarks upon this subject, but them to committees. I have no bills myselt to pay to certain widows and orphans; which was I am not now prepared to go into the discussion of offer at all, but I know that there are several gen- read a first and second time by its title, and re. this question, for a document which I called for and tlemen here who have. I move, then, that uni- || ferred to the Committee on Invalid Pensions. hoped would be on our tables some days ago, has versal consent be given.
Mr. McMULLIN, on leave, introduced a bill only been placed before us this morning, and I [Cries of “ Agreed !” “Agreed !'')
making grants, on certain conditions, to the Vir. have had no opportunity to examine it.
Mr. CLARK, on leave, introduced a bill for the ginia and Tennessee Railroad Company, to aid in Several Senators entreated the honorable gen- relief of Edward Brown; which was read the first the construction of their railroad; which was read tleman to yield the floor, as it was the usual hour and second time by its title, and referred to the a first and second time by its title, and referred to of adjournment. Committee on Revolutionary Claims.
the Committee on Public Lands. Mr. GWIN. I will yield the floor, then, to the Mr. BAYLY. I am directed by the Committee Mr. McMULLIN. I rise to a privileged quesSenator from Florida.
on Foreign Affairs to report back a bill- tion, and I desire the attention of every gentleman Mr. MALLORY. Mr. President, I again move Mr. RICHARDSON. I object. The Com
presentthat the Senate do now adjourn.
mittee on Foreign Affairs can report at any time. Mr. POLK. I rise to a point of order. (Great Mr. DOWNS. Will the Senator from Florida Mr. BAYLY. I report it, then, upon my in- || laughter and confusion in the Hall.] By universal withdraw the motion for a moment? dividual responsibility.
consent, as I understood it, I was to be allowed to Mr. MALLORY. I withdraw the motion. Mr. BAYLY then, on leave, introduced “A make the motion that the ladies be allowed to oc
Mr. DOWNS. I have been prepared for two bill for the relief of American citizens lately im- || cupy seats within the bar. (Laughter.] The genor three days to make a speech on the compromise prisoned and pardoned by the Queen of Spain;” | tleman from Virginia, (Mr. McMullin, I believe, resolutions. I expected that I should have had an which was read a first and second time by its title, || is about to make that motion. He is going to take opportunity to make that speech before this, and and referred to the Committee of the Whole on the wind out of my sails. [Roars of laughter, therefore I would ask the honorable Senator to the state of the Union, and ordered to be printed and great confusion.) I find, Mr. Speaker, to move to postpone this subject until the day after Mr. BELL, on leave, introduced a bill to treat this question seriouslyto-morrow, so that I can have the floor for to- amend an act entitled “An act granting bounty Mr. BISSELL. I call the gentleman to order. morrow.
lands to certain officers and soldiers who have Mr. POLK. Will the gentleman reduce his. Mr. MALLORY. Imove, then, to postpone the been engaged in the military service of the United point of order to writing? Laughter. further consideration of this memorial until the States," approved September 28, 1850; which was Mr. BISSELL. My point of order is, that day after to-morrow. read a first and second time by its title.
there is no question before the House. The PRESIDENT. That will be Friday, the Mr. B. I ask that the Clerk shall read a short The SPEAKER. By unanimous consent the day which has been set apart for the consideration communication from the Secretary of the Interior. gentleman from Virginia, (Mr. McMULLIN,) can of private bills.
[Cries of “I object!” “I object!”]
submit his motion; but not otherwise. Mr. PRATT. I would remark to the Senator Mr. RICHARDSON. I move the reference Mr. McMULLIN. I ask most respectfully from Florida, that the only difficulty is, that Fri- of the bill to the Committee on Military Affairs. that the House of Representatives shall be as courday has been already appropriated to a specific Mr. BELL. I do not wish to take up the time teous and respectful to the ladies of our country as purpose-the consideration of private bills; there- of the House. It is a general act, and I make was the Senate of the United States; and that, by fore if Monday would be agreeable to the Senator, this motion for the purpose of having the com- the unanimous consent of the House, the ladies I would move to postpone the further considera- | munication printed. 'I move that the bill be re- be permitted to appear within the bar of the House tion of the memorial until that day: ferred to the Committee on Public Lands.
and witness the ceremonies of the day. Mr. MALLORY. Friday or Monday—it is It was so ordered.
There being no objection, it was so ordered. indifferent to me.
Mr. LOCKHART, on leave, introduced a bill The doors were then thrown open, and the taThe motion to postpone until Monday was then “granting the right of way and making a donation
cant space outside the bar was soon filled with laagreed to. of land to the States of Indiana and Illinois, in aid
dies. "Many were also introduced within the bar, ANNIVERSARY OF THE BATTLE OF NEW of the construction of a railroad from New Albany, the members vacating their seats for that purpose. ORLEANS.
in the State of Indiana, via Mount Carmel, on the Mr. COBB, on leave, introduced the following Mr. BADGER. I would like to seize a single which was read the first and second time by its Wabash river, to Alton, in the State of Illinois;' bills; which were severally read a first and see
ond time by their titles, and referred to the Commoment to call the attention of the Senate to a sub
title, and referred to the Committee on Public mittee on Public Lands: ject which I am afraid may escape their observa
Lands. tion. To-morrow is the 8th of January, the anni
A bill granting the right of way and alternate Mr. JOHNSON, of Arkansas, on leave, in- sections of the public lands to the State of Alaversary of the victory of New Orleans.' The other House, I believe, in accordance with usage has
troduced a bill “granting to the States of Arkan- || bama, for the purpose of constructing a railroad adjourned over until the day after to-morrow.
sas and Missouri the right of way and a portion from Selma to the Tennessee river, in said State; We should not be behind them in respect for the
of the public lands, to aid in the construction of a A bill granting the right of way and making a day. As some of my Democratic friends do not
railrond from St. Louis, Missouri, via Little Rock, grant of public lands to the States of Mississippi like to take the responsibility of making this mo
to a certain point on Red river, near the town of and Alabama, to aid in the construction of the tion, 1 move that when the Senate adjourns it | Fullerton, in Arkansas, and for branches thereto;" Memphis and Tennessee railroad; and
which was read a first and second time by its title, A bill to graduate and improve the price of the adjourn to meet on Friday. The motion was agreed to.
and referred to the Committee on Public Lands. publie lands belonging to the United States, and Mr. SIBLEY, on leave, introduced a bill pro
for other purposes. BILLS FROM THE HOUSE.
viding for the survey of the Mississippi river above Mr. PHELPS, on leave, introduced a bill to The bill from the House of Representatives to the Falls of St. Anthony; which was read a first amend an act entitled “ An act to provide for the admit a certain vessel to registry, was read a first and second time by its title.
payment of horses and other property lost or and second time by its title, and referred to the Mr. S. moved that it be referred to the Commit- | destroyed in the military service of the United Committee on Commerce. tee on Territories.
States," approved March 3, 1849; which was read The House bill in relation to a certain lot of Mr. DUNHAM said that all other bills of this a first and second time by its title, and referred to ground in the town of Gnadenhutten, in the State | kind had gone to the Committee on Roads and the Committee on Military Affairs. of Ohio, was read a first and second time by its Canals. He moved its reference to that comtitle, and referred to the Conimittee on Públic mittee.
Mr. FOWLER, on leave, introduced a bill for Lands.
regulating the mileage of members of the Senate The question was first taken upon Mr. SIBLEY'S WILLIAM DARBY'S RELIEF BILL. motion, and it was not agreed to.
and House of Representatives; which was read a
first and second time by its title. The engrossed bill for the relief of William The question was then taken upon Mr. Dun
Mr. F. moved that the bill be referred to the HAM's motion, and it was agreed to. Darby was read the third time and passed.
Committee on Mileage.
So the bill was referred to the Committee on The Senate then adjourned.
Mr. RICHARDSON. I object to that motion. Roads and Canals.
When this matter is referred, I want another Mr. THOMPSON, of Virginia, on leave, intro- matter to go with it, and that is the payment of HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. duced a bill to provide for the survey of artificial members after the time for which they have been WEDNESDAY, January 7, 1852.
sites for reservoirs, to be constructed in the main elected has expired. The House met at twelve o'clock, m.
affluance of the Ohio river, in accordance with the Mr. FOWLER. I will withdraw my motion The Journal of yesterday was read and approved. || and for other purposes; which was read a first plan submitted to Congress by Charles Ellet, jr., | for the present.
The motion was withdrawn.
Mr. BISSELL, on leave, introduced a bill maHouse that the Senate had passed the bill of the
king a grant of public land to the several States of
Mr. POLK. I rise to a privileged question. || the Union, for the benefit of indigent insane perHouse, entitled " An act making an appropriation The hour is approaching when the order of the to meet the expenses which were incurred in con
sons; which was read a first and second time by House is to be executed, and I have a motion its title. sequence of the late fire at the Capitol.”
which I desire to submit. I will, however, give Mr. B. moved that the bill be referred to a select Mr. BRIGGS moved that when the House ad-way to enable gentlemen to get in their bills, with committee of five. journs, it adjourn to meet on Friday next.
the understanding that I shall have the opportu * Mr. HALL moved to refer it to the Committee The question was taken, and it was agreed to. nity to submit my privileged motion,
on Public Lands.
PUBLISHED AT WASHINGTON, BY JOHN C. RIVES.-TERMS $3 FOR THIS SESSION.
MD CONGRESS, 1st SESSION.
SATURDAY, JANUARY 10, 1852.
NEW SERIES.... No. 15.
The SPEAKER. The question must first benah, in the State of Georgia, and for the improve- F and Seventeenth streets, in Washington city, now rented taken upon the motion of the gentleman from ment of the same; which was read a first and sec
of him by the Government.
By Mr. SCHERMERHORN: The petition of Sarah K. Nissouri. ond time by its title.
Jeriks, asking for compensation for losses sustained by the Mr. BISSELL. I hope that motion will not be Mr. J. moved to refer the bill to the Committee seizure of the brig Jane and cargo at Laguayra. persisted in.
on Commerce, The SPEAKER. If debate arise, the Chair Mr. DUNHAM moved that it be referred to
IN SENATE. will have to rule that the bill must lie over.
the Committee on Roads and Canals.
FRIDAY, January 9, 1852.
The Hon. PIERRE Soule, from the State of
EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS. Mr. HALL moved to reconsider the vote on Mr. STANTON, of Tennessee, (it being now referring the bill, and to lay the motion to recon- ten minutes to one o'clock,) said that it must be
The PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before the sider upon the table; which latter motion was apparent to gentlemen that it was utterly impracti- Senate a report of the Secretary of War, commuagreed to. cable to divide the House at the present moment,
nicating, in obedience to law, statements of the Mr. DOTY, on leave, introduced a bill to estab
contracts which have been made under the authorand he would therefore suggest that all further Ish an Agricultural Bureau in the Department of business be suspended until the order of the House | ity of that Department during the year 1851; which the Interior; which was read a first and second should have been executed. It wanted but a few
was read, and it was time by its title, and referred to the Committee on
moments to one o'clock-the time fixed for the in- Ordered, That it lie on the table and be printed. Agriculture. troduction of M, Kossuth.
The PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before the Mr. GREY, on leave, introduced a bill making || eral consent, all further business was suspended obedience to law, accompanied by a statement
The suggestion was concurred in; and, by gen- Senate a report of the secretary of War, made in a grant of public lands to the Commonwealth of until the hour of one o'clock arrived.
showing the expenditures for contingencies of the Kentucky, to aid in the construction of railroads
military establishment during the year ending in that State; which was read a first and second RECEPTION OF LOUIS KOSSUTH.
December 31, 1851; which was read, and it was time by its title, and referred to the Committee on M. Louis Kossuth, escorted by the Committee Public Lands. of Reception, and followed by his suite, entered
Ordered, That it lie on the table and be printed. Mr. MACE, on leave, introduced a bill grant
the Hall and advanced up the aisle in front of the LIBRARY OF THE CANADIAN PARLIAMENT. ing lands to actual settlers; which was read a first Speaker-the members of the House generally The following message was received from the and second time by its title, and referred to the rising to receive him.
President of the United States, by Mr. M. P. Committee on Public Lands.
Mr. CARTTER (the chairman of the Commit- || FILLMORE, his Private Secretary:
I transmit to the Senate the copy of a resolution adopted daced a bill for the improvement of the Rock Mr. SPEAKER: We have the honor to present
by the Legislative Council of Canada, together with the Island and Des Moines Rapids in the Mississippi Governor Louis Kossuth to the House of Repre
copy of the note by which the resolution was communicated fiver; which was read a first and second time
to this Government, expressing the satisfaction of that sentatives.
Council al receiving intelligence of certain donations in aid
of the reconstruction of the Library of the Canadian Parliahave the honor to extend to Louis Kossuth a cor
MILLARD FILLMORE. Mr. MOORE, of Louisiana, on leave, intro- || dial welcome to the House of Representatives of
WASHINGTON, January 6, 1852. duced a bill granting the right of way and making the United States.
“WEDNESDAY, August 20, 1851. grant of lands to the States of Louisiana, Mis
M. Kossuth replied in the following words: “Resolved, That this House receives with much satissacsissippi, and Arkansas, to aid in the construction Sir: It is a remarkable fact in the history of tion the intelligence of the munificent donations which have of certain railroads; which was read a first and second time by its title, and referred to the Commankind that while, through all the past, honors
been made in aid of the reconstruction of the Parliamentary
Library by the Houses of Congress of the United States, the mittee on Public Lands. were bestowed upon 'glory, and glory was at
Legislature of the State of Vermont, and the Legislature of tached only to success, the legislative authorities the State of New York." Mr. CONGER, on leave, introduced a bill to of this great Republic bestow the highest honors
Britisu LEGATION, provide for the construction of a ship canal around | upon a persecuted exile, not conspicuous by glory,
WASHINGTON, October 30, 1851. the Falls of the St. Marie river, at the foot of nor favored by success, but engaged in a just cause. Sir: The Governor General of Canada has forwarded to Lake Superior; which was read a first and second There is a triumph of republican principles in
her Majesty's Legation the copy which I have the honor to time by is title, and referred to the Committee on this fact.
inclose herewith of a resolution adopted by the Legislative
Council of that Province when the Provincial Parliament Sir, in my own and my country's name I thank
was last in session, expressive of the satisfactton with which Mr. BROWN, of Mississippi, on leave, introthe House of Representatives of the United States they have received the intelligence of the munificent dona
tions which have been made by the Congress of the United deceda bill granting the right of way and making for the honor of this cordial welcome.
Slates, by the Legislature of the State of Vermont, and by a donation of public lands in aid of the construc- M. Kossuth was then conducted by the Com- the Legislature of the State of New York, in aid of the retion of a railroad from the city of New Orleans, mittee to a chair which had been prepared for him. construction of the Library of the Canadian Parliament. in the State of Louisiana, to Jackson, in the State Mr. STANTON, of Tennessee. For the pur- l goodness to cause the above resolution to be communicated
I have accordingly to request that you, sir, will have the of Mississippi;
which was read a first and second
pose of giving the members of the House of Rep- || to the Congress of the United States, as well as to the Le-
I avail myself of this opportunity to renew to you, sir,
assurance of my highest consideration,
JOHN F. CRAMPTON. duced a bill to encourage agriculture, and for other The motion was agreed to, and the House ad- The Hon. DANIEL WEBSTER, Secretary of State. purposes; which was read a first and second time journed until Friday.
On motion by Mr. PEARCE, it was by its title. The Representatives were then presented by the
Ordered, That it lie on the table and be printed. Mr. J. then moved to postpone the further con- | Speaker and Committee of Reception to M. Kossideration of the bill until the first Monday in suth, as were also the immense crowd of ladies
NEW MEXICO. February, and that it be made the special order and gentlemen who had assembled upon the occa
The PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before the for that day. sion.
Senate a letter of William S. Allen, Secretary of Mr. ORR objected.
the Territory of New Mexico, communicating, in The bill was therefore laid on the Speaker's
obedience to the act establishing a territorial govtable.
eru ment for New Mexico, copies of the acts, resoThe following petitions, memorials, &c., were presented Mr. HASCALL, on leave, introduced a bill au- under the rule, and referred to the appropriate committees :
lutions, and memorials, of the Legislative Assemthorizing the names of certain revolutionary offi- By Mr. STUART: The petition of the citizens of Al.
bly of that Territory, passed at a session begun eers and soldiers to be placed on the pension list;
bion, Michigan, praying that Congress will make suitable and held the 2d of June, 1851. which was read a first and second time by its Independence
to some eligible point on the Pacific coast,
provision for the erection of a line of telegraph from Fort On motion by Mr. HUNTER, it was title, and referred to the Committee on Revolu- by the passage of a law that will protect and encourage the
Ordered, That it be referred to the Committee on Territotionary Pensions. telegraphic inventions of American citizens.
ries and printed. Mr. DEAN, by unanimous consent, introduced Also, the petition of the Board of Education of the State
PETITIONS. the following resolution; which was considered and
of Michigan, praying for a grant of lands to them equal in
value to certain salt spring lands heretofore granted to said Mr. WALKER presented a petition of citizens agreed to:
State and erroneously confirmed by the Secretary of the of Cincinnati, Ohio, praying that the public lands Resolved, that the Committee on the Post Office and Treasury. Post Roads be instructed to inquire into the expediency of By Mr. SCUDDER: The petition of Mary Ruggles, of
may be ceded to the States for the purpose of setestablishing a post route from Fishkill village, in Duchess Tisbury, Massachusetts, widow of the late Timothy Rug- || tlement; which was referred to the Committee on county, through Brinkerhoof, Johnsville, Oregonville, Gay, gles, praying that a law may be passed giving pensions to Public Lands. Head, and Cortlandville, to Stormville, in said county. the widows of revolutionary soldiers who were married
Mr. BAYARD presented a petition of citizens Mr. JACKSON, on leave, introduced a bill for
subsequently to the year 1800; and for other relief.
of Pennsylvania and Delaware, praying an approthe removal of obstructions in the river Savan- 1 praying Congress to purchase the building
at the corner of Il priation for the repair of the piers át Port Penn,
Reeds and Canals.
in the Delaware river; which was referred to the outstanding loan office and final settlement certifi- General to Congress, both at the last and the Committee on Commerce.
cates issued for money loaned, or for services, or present session. Contracts were made in CaliforAlso, a memorial of the Commissioners of the for supplies during the revolutionary war.
nia and Oregon at the same time and under the town of Newcastle, Delaware, praying an appro- Mr. GEYER gave notice that he should ask same circumstances as contracts were made elsepriation for the improvement of the harbor at ihat leave to introduce a bill declaring the assent of where. A proposition was before Congress last place; which was referred to the Committee on Congress to the State of Missouri to impose taxes session authorizing contracts to be opened by the Commerce.
on lands hereafter sold by the United States in agent in California, and the contracts to be made Mr. CLARKE. I am requested to present, to said State, from and after the day of sale.
there. Owing to the confusion which prevailed the Senate a petition signed by a large number of Mr. BORLAND gave notice that he should ask at the close of the session, this amendment to the merchants and underwriters in the State of Rhode leave to introduce a bill to grant a quantity of the Post Office bill was not adopted. These contracts Island, asking Congress to make provision by lam public land to the State of Arkansas, to aid in the have been made by the agent and the postmasters for the survey of such parts of the China seas, construction of a railroad from the Mississippi in California and Oregon, containing a stipulation Straits of Gaspar, and Java seu, as lie directly in river to the western boundary of Arkansas, by that they might be set aside if it should be dethe track of vessels proceeding to and from China. the Helena and Fort Smith Railroad Company. sired by the Postmaster General, inasınuch as I move that the memorial be referred to the Com
they did not reach here by the stipulated time. mittee on Commerce; and I beg leave to suggest
Mr. CLEMENS, agreeably to previous notice, time, and at a rate of some forty or fifty per cent.
All the mails are carried there by contract at this to the committee that some provision should also be made to facilitate our trade in the North Pacific,
asked and obtained leave to introduce a bill for the cheaper than formerly. The Postmaster General so as to change the course of that trade, which
relief of Thomas Snodgrass; which was read a has recommended that these contracts be connow has to pass around Cape Horn to California, first and second time by its title, and referred to
firmed; and if they are confirmed, they will reand thence to China. the Committee on Indian Affairs.
main in force until the year 1854. If they are The memorial was referred to the Committee on
Mr. PEARCE, agreeably to previous notice, Commerce.
asked and obtained leave to introduce a bill for the rejected, new contracts will have to be made, and Mr. HAMLIN. I am instructed to present to relief of Sarah D. McKay, widow of Lieutenant
a large additional expense will undoubtedly be
incurred in the transportation of these mails. the Senate a memorial signed by the journeymen Colonel McKay; which was read a first and second
The resolution was ordered to be read a third bookbinders of the city of Washington, in which time by its title, and referred to the Committee on
time. they set forth their views at length why no conPensions.
RESOLUTIONS. tract should be made for the binding of the public
Mr. CLARKE, agreeably to previous notice,
The Senate resumed the consideration of the documents. That
matter has been considered by asked and obtained leave to introduce å bill to rethe Committee on Printing, and there is a resolumit or refund duties on goods, wares, and mer
resolutions submitted by Mr. WALKER the 17th tion now before the Senate proposing to make a chandise destroyed by fire; which was read a first
December, concerning the relations of the United contract. Inasmuch as the committee have acted and second time by its title, and referred to the
States with foreign nations; and,
On motion by Mr. WALKER, it was upon the matter, I move that the memorial lic upon
Mr. BORLAND, agreeably to previous notice, poned until to-morrow.
Ordered, That tbe further consideration thereor be postthe table, with a notice which I shall now give that when the subject shall come up for consideration
asked and obtained leave to introduce a bill to before the Senate, I shall move the reading of that amend the act approved March 2, 185), entitled
PRIVATE CLAIMS. memorial, that the reasons stated by the book “An act to provide for the punishment of offences On the 22d of December last, the Senate adopted binders may be thus presented to the Senate. committed in cutting, destroying, or removing live- the following resolution: The motion was agreed to. oak and other timber or trees reserved for naval Resolved, That after the Ist day of January next, Fridays
of each week shall be set aside for the consideration or Mr. SHIELDS presented a petition of citizens | purposes;” which was read a first and second
private claims, and that on those days private bills harc of Washington, in the District of Columbia, pray- time by its title, and referred t8 the Committee on
priority over all other business. Public Lands. ing the incorporation of the Eagle Steamboat
The PRESIDENT, after the presentation of Company; which was referred to the Committee REPORTS FROM STANDING COMMITTEES. executive communications this moming,announced for the District of Columbia.
Mr. BAYARD, from the Committee of Claims, to the Senate, that under that resolution this day PAPERS WITH DRAWN AND REFERRED. to whom was referred the memorial of H. P. Dor- had been set apart for the consideration of private
claims. On motion by Mr. WADE, it was
sey, submitted an adverse report; which was orOrileret, That leave be given to withdraw the peșition of dered to be printed.
Mr. HAMLIN. Does that include the mornJoseph Venzie.
He also, from the same committee, to whom ing hour? On motion by Mr. CLARKE, it was was referred the bill for the relief of Theodore
The PRESIDENT. The resolution is compreOrdered, That the inemorial of Edward Dexter, on the Offutt, reported it with an amendment, and sub- hensive so as to cover the whole. files of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Fi. mitted a report on the subject, which was ordered
Mr. CLEMENS. I ask leave to introduce a to be printed.
private bill of which notice has been given. On motion by Mr. MASON, it was Mr. HUNTER, from the Committee on Pub
The PRESIDENT. It is not in order accordOrdered, That the petition of William D. Porter, on the lic Buildings, to whom the subject was referred, || ing to the resolution, which requires that we shall files of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Foreign reported a bill to provide a room for the Congres- || proceed in the order as laid down by the calendar. Relatiops.
sional Library; which was read a first and second Mr. SHIELDS. I hold in my hand a private On motion by Mr. MASON, it was
time by its title, and considered as in Committee petition which I wish to present. Ordered, That the memorial of the heirs of Caleb Swann, of the Whole; and no amendment being made, it
The PRESIDENT. It cannot be presented. on the files of the Senate, be referred to the Cominittee of was reported to the Senate, ordered to be engrossed
Mr. HUNTER. Is it not competent to postand read a third time, and subsequently it was
pone that business, or would it require a suspenOn motion by Mr. MASON, it was read a third time and passed.
sion of the rule? Ordered, That the petition of the Pioneer Cotton Manufacturing Company of Georgetown, on the files of the
The bill simply appropriates the sum of $1,200,
The PRESIDENT. It is an order of the SenSenate, be referred to the Committee for the District of Co- to be expended under the direction of the Super- | ate, and not a rule which requires notice to change lumbia intendent of the Public Buildings, to fit up a room
it. The execution of the order of the Senate may On motion by Mr. BRADBURY, it was temporarily for the reception of a portion of the be postponed by a majority of the Senate. Ordered, That the documents on the files of the Senate books of the Congressional Library.
Mr. HUNTÉR. I'move, then, that the execurelating to the claims of the States of Maine and Massa- Mr. WADE, from the Committee of Claims, to
tion of that order be suspended until one o'clock. chusetts against the United States under the treaty of 9th whom was referred the memorial of A. H. Cole,
The motion was agreed to. August, 1812, between the United States and Great Britain, submitted a report, accompanied by a bill for his
When the hour of one o'clock arrived, the conbe reserred to the Committee on the Judiciary. On motion by Mr. PRATT, it was relief; which was read a first time and passed to
sideration of private claims was announced as the a second reading:
special order. Ordered, That the Committee of Claims be discharged froin the further consideration of the petition of Colonel
Mr. BAYARD, from the Committee of Claims, Mr. GWIN. I am entirely in favor of the conJobn C. Hays, and that it be referred to the Committee on to whom was referred the petition of James Dun
sideration of these private claims; but we have no Military Affairs. ning, reported a bill for his relief; which was read
calendar, and it is very important that we should On motion by Mr. NORRIS, it was a first time and passed to the second reading.
have one, that we may know what the bills are Ordered, That the memorial of Combs Greenwell, on the
before they are called. I hope the chairman of files of the Senate, be referred to the Committee of Claims.
MAIL SERVICE IN CALIFORNIA AND OREGON. the Committee on Private Claims will consent that STATE OF THE SURVEYS.
Mr. RUSK. The Committee on the Post Of these bills be passed by until we have a calendar, Mr. SHIELDS submitted the following resolu
fice and Post Roads have instructed me to report and that the special order may be postponed, that tion for consideration:
a joint resolution of the Senate and House of we may go on with other business. It is import
Representatives to authorize the Postmaster Gen- ant that we have a calendar. We cannot act unResolved, That the Secretary of the Senate be directed : eral to legalize certain contracts for the transporta- derstandingly upon these bills without one. to employ a draftsman to mark and lay down on the maps now in the room of the Committee on Public Lands the tion of the mails in California and Oregon. As
Mr. BRODHEAD. It will not afford you any state of the surveys, and also show what has been disposed this is a matter of some importance, I hope there information. of by sale or otherwise. The rate of compensation for the will be no objection to its being considered now, Mr. GWIN. I cannot act understandingly withservice shall be the same as that of a clerk not exceeding and I ask the unanimous consent of the Senate to $1,800 per annum.
out one; and if we postpone the special order now, that end.
by next Friday we can be prepared and ready NOTICES OF BILLS.
The Senate proceeded to consider the resolution to consider these bills. I hope we shall go on Mr. BAYARD gave notice that he should ask as in Committee of the Whole, and no amendment with the consideration of the resolution relating to leave to introduce a bill concerning the sessions, being offered, it was reported to the Senate. printing the returns of the Seventh Census. of the courts of the United States within the State Mr. NORRIS. I should like to have some ex- Mr. BRODHEAD. I do not feel at liberty to of Delaware. planation of this resolution.
consent, nor do I know that my cousent is necesMr. BRODHEAD gave notice that he should Mr. RUSK. The object of the resolution is | sary. The Senate can dispose of the motion of ask leave to introduce a bill for the payment of I fully explained in the report of the Postmaster the Senator from California as it pleases.