Imágenes de páginas



horseback can make use of without dismounting. stream that murmurs as it winds alung offers an There is also a small building which communi- image of our existence, which flows through a cates with the garden, composed of an oratory, variety of changing events, while we continua and several rooms, for the use of priests, destined nually upbraid our fate. The flowers that bloom to pray, and take care of the lamp, always alight || before us resemble our life, which lasts but a before the naine of God, which is engraven on few moments; they wither never to rise again ; a crimson triangle of three or four feet in die for the year will be crowned again with blossoms, ameter. By the side of the triangle is also placed but they are not those that drooped with the a statue of the Holy Virgin. Saturday, the day passing spring. on which the church pays her particular homage, It often happens that the sentiments which the priests remain all day at the door of the gar- the sight of tombs inspire, are rendered produce den, to distribute alms, without distinction, to tive of the most important effects on surrounding all those who beg. To others they offer families. There, husbands and wives, children Sowers.

and parents, who are divided by discord, are In the centre of the garden arises a white brought together to settle their differences, and marble tomb: at the deceased person's head is not in vain; for it is in the nature of wise and placed an erect square stone of the same materials timely reflection to soften the hearts of men, and and length as the tomb. On it are engraven, in opens them to the most tender feelings. golden letters, the following prayer and epi

At a 'certain hour they all assemble to dine. taph:

An abundant repast is spread on the rising turf, beside a refreshing stream. It consists of one

or two lanıbs baked in the oven, stuffed with “ May the Almighty God, Creator and Lord | pigeons and Corinthian grapes ; a roasted chicken of all that the eye of man sees, and all that his is placed before each guest; crabs and other mind comprehends, be praised for ever by those shell-fish, boiled in salt water, immediately after who dwell on earth, those who are not yet in they have been taken from the sea, follow the existence, and those who are sunk in death." first course, and numerous fruits compose the

desert. Several vases are filled with Grecian

wines; with the celebrated wine of Cyprus, that “ Here reposes the body of a just being, who of Tenedos, opposite the promontory of Sigeus, Bever ceased to obey the laws of God during her where once stood Troy, that of Smyrna, which Tife, which was too transient for her worth.-heighten the complexion of the Grecian virgins, (She attained only her fifty-seventh year.) In when on festivals they dance on the stones of the this space she fed the hungry, gave drink to the || Caystrus, and that of the island of Chios, which thirsty, and clothed the naked; never did a kindles the enthusiasm of the poet. When word that could hurt any one escape her lips; Bacchus, ever young, has shed mirth and attic she protected virtue, and looked with a compas. || wit around, one of the guests begins to sing, and sionate eye on the vicious; she was litile attached invites the others to dance; every one in his turn to riches, and even at her death sacrificed them takes the part of the chorister, and the others to sooth the pains of others, as much as her answer in full chorus. The meaning of these power allowed her. Passers by pray for her, and songs is nearly the same as that of the following emulate her example.”

verses of an old poet : On the eve of certain days, during summer, her

« Snatch the bud of present joy, relatives and friends are invited to assemble in

“ Catch the moments 'ere they fly; this garden. On entering it, all approach the

“ Since no serious thought can spread tomb, and the nearest relation, with downcast

“ Life beyond th' appointed hour, eyes, bows, and repeats the following words:

“ Crown with pleasure's wreaths your head, “ Sacred manes, which this cold marble en.

« Gather Love's and Beauty's flow'r.” closes, accept the homage of our remembrance, of our respect, and of our regrets, which will They dance, and the amusements continue cease but with our lives.”

till the shades of night descend, and then the After a few moments of silence, the company whole company retires to the house of one of the disperse into different alleys; some walk, others guests, when several hours are dedicated to the gather Aowers; others praise the deceased. The cheerful sports. Are not these the same Greeks garden itself presents many objects fit to awaken celebrated by Anacreon, whose lives were reflection. Those trees that tower in the vi- || enlivened by dances and songs :--You see, gour of youth, and spread their branches around, || my friend, that though returning from the tombs one day shall fall under the blows of the axe, of their friends, these people are not less amiable and lie extended without life on the earth. The and joyful.

M, 0. No. XIII. Vol. II,





M. DE CLAIRVILLE, a native of Paris, had, is overturned, the kingdom of the arts is ne like many others of the most respectable of his more; we have no longer any country to de. countrymen, emigrated at the time of the revo fend. Proscribed by republican usurpers, we lution. He had enjoyed an honourable and lu- have nothing left to do but to seek an asylum in cra tive post under the monarchy, and, by his a country where happiness and freedom reign in provident foresight in placing the greatest part || placid tranquillity. This asylum England affords. of his wealth in foreign countries, had saved, out Let us hasten to that fortunate land, the bulof the wreck of an ample fortune, a competency

wark of civilized society, the native soil of ra. sufficient to enable him to live, if not in an tional liberty, where that noble plant first took ostentatious, at least in an elegant style. His fa- root, and still flourishes, bidding defiance to the mily consisted of his wife and Iwo children, a wintry blasts of the revolutionary storms which son and a daughter, to both of whom nature have laid waste our unfortunate country. My had been lavish of her favours. Both of them, economy and foresight, atended with the blesto a pleasing and elegant exterior, united the sing of Divine Providence, have been successful more valuable accoin plishments of the mind ; in securing an ample provision for myself and and their indulgent parents had not spared any you, my dear children. I yet possess enough 10 expence in procuring them an excellent educa satisfy all reasonable desires. We will retire to tion. The most eminent masters, in every de England, where we may live in philosophical partment of literature, had constantly attended and elegant retirement ; amuse our leisure with them from the moment that they were capable the study of literature, enjoy the protection of of forming a thought, or articulating a sound; equitable laws, and contemplate the structure of a and their genius and docility endeared them to government which constitutes the glory and haptheir instructors.

piness of a great nation." On their first emigration the family had re Madame de Clairville gave her hearty assent to tired to Coblentz, where a number of emigrants the proposal, and their son and daughter rewere assembled. At first, the intention of ceived it with rapture. The arrangements were Monsieur de Clairville was to take up arms in speedily made; they embarked, and descending the counter-revolutionary cause; but circum- down the Rhine, arrived at Rotterdam, where stances convinced him that the restoration of they took shipping for London, and arrived in the monarchy was impossible. He therefore re- safety in the British metropolis. solved to renounce all concern with the public After some time spent in contemplating the affairs, and to spend the remainder of his life in novelty of the scene, and making compariphilosophic leisure. He had designed to procure sons between the capital of France, in which a com mission for his son, but the unforeseen they had passed their early youth, and that of events which had taken place, had rendered his England, in which they were to fix their future project abortive. He addressed himself to him residence, the young Clairville and his sister rein these terms:

sumed their literary studies. Under the most “ My son, you know it was my intention, as eminent masters in Paris, they had made a tole. well as your own desire, that you should be ho- rable proficiency in the English language. Af nourably placed in the army ; but the course ofter their arrival in London, their attachment to events has frustrated the design. I have ever literature continuerl and increased ; and they esteemed the profession of arms in the highest laboured with assiduity to extend the sphere of degree honourable, and peculiarly appropriated their knowledge. to the situation and rank of a gentlenian, when The young Clairvilles were well read in phi. they are borne in defence of our country, and losophy and the Belles Letters; but their ideas the support of legal authority; but I cannot re had taken a romantic turn. Their knowledge concile myself to the idea of making war a trade, of books was extensive, and their knowledge of as a mere mercenary. The monarchy of France if the world was as great as books could give. They

had read all the descriptions of rural felicity that could scarcely suppose that so general a comabipoets have given with such enthusiastic rapture, nation could have been formed, in order to im.' and had caught the infection. Having been con pose on credulity, by painting ideal scenes, stantly accustomed to a city life, and immured | formed in the imagination, without any existfirst in Paris, and afterwards in London, they re ence in reality. The favourite idea constantly garded those iminense capitals as nothing more recurred, and as they concluded that experithan prisons, where the human species are in an ment must be the surest method of rectifying unnatural state, where the fascinating charms of | opinion, they resolved to petition their parents nature are unknown, her beauties unobserved, to indulge them with a summer's excursion inte and all genial pleasures disregarded. They be the country, in order to gan seriously to sigh fur rural delights; they ||- Clear this doubt, to know the world by sight, longed to partake the enjoyment of those happy

“ To see and judge if books report it right.” scenes which the poets of almost every age had described with such enthusiasm, and which they This request was no sooner made than granted. had contemplated in idea with such rapture, and M. de Clairville, whose official duties had rethey anxiously wished for the happy time, when, quired his residence to be constantly at Paris, bidding adieu to the noisy tumult of the nietro had not, in the course of many years, enjoyed polis, they might enjoy the peaceful company | the opportunity of retiring for a few months into and innocent conversation of those nymphs and the country, and his long and unremitted appliswains, of whose virtues and felicity they had cation to business had not a little impaired his read such extravagant encomiums,

health. He therefore, the more ready to indulge Monsieur and Madame de Clairville, who were his son and daughter in a pleasure which, innoboth persons of learning and experience, and cent in itself, proinised the most beneficial efequally conversant with books and with the fects, and appeared equally conducive to the reworld, had observed this romantic cast of mind establishment of his own health, and the rectifiin their children, and used every argument that || cation of their notions. reading and an extensive acquaintance with Their resolution to bid adieu for a season to mankind could suggest, in order 10 convince the bustle of the metropolis was instantly fixed, them of its extravagance. In this attempt to and the preparations for their departure were rectify their ideas, they were exceedingly well soon made. M. de Palaise, who was equally acseconded by M. de Palaise, an expelled ecclesi- || quainted with a town and a country life, and aitic, who, like them, had emigrated from knew the mode of living and the general state of France in consequence of the revolution. This society among the lower classes, as also the gentleman's knowledge of the world had kept | easiest mode of procuring free access to their pace with his literary acquisition, and his learn

company and conversation, advised thein to traicg and observations were equally various and vel in the plainest and simplest style, as any mark extensive. He represented to them the troubles of ostentation would naturally keep the rustics at and inconveniencies incident to every station, a distance, and whenever an opportunity of conand endeavoured to convince them that no con versation occurred, induce them to appear under dition of life was free from those evils which a mask, and disguise their opinions and sentiare the common lot of humanity. Mademoiselle ments. They travelled, therefore, by the stage de Clairville used frequently to reply, “ We coach, unattended by any servant except a single do not expect to find any situation exempt from muid. They all spoke the language so well those natural evils which Providence has, with that it was not easy to discover they were fo. unerring wisdom, allotted to human beings ; but | reigners, and they passed for Londoners of some eertainly some conditions of life are free from fortune who had retired from business. They those artificial evils wbich the vices and follies of fixed their residence in a small country village, mankind produce." Her brother would some where they had the good fortune to find a rural times add, “those brilliant and fascinating cottage to be let, which exactly suited their purdescriptions of human felicity with which pasto- || pose. Although not spacious it was convenient, ral poets crowd and embellish their pages, must and one of the handsomest houses in the village. be drawn from some original; they cannot be Here they passed for a family that possessed a wholly the work of imagination.”

small independency, and had come into the counThe reasoning of their parents and preceptors try for the sake of a healtbful air and cheapness seemed sometimes to make them waver in their of living. opinion, and suspect that there might be some

The first time they made their appearance at degree of exaggeration in those descriptions ; || the parish church, all eyes were fixed on them, but as writers seemed so generally to agree in and the young people were almost stared out of their representations of rural happiness, they countenance. The minister made a mast excel



sermon, but little of it was reniembered by and mistresses, the hardness of their labour, or the congregation, most of whoin forgot the text, the scantiness of their food, the difficulty of prowhile every one could remember each particular curing bread for their families, and the absolute of the dress and demeanour of the strangers. impossibility of laying up any thing for their sup.

The first company the Clairvilles received, | port in sickness or old age. were the vicar and his lady. They were both of The young Clairvilles soon perceived, that, them good-natured, chearful, intelligent, and among these rustics, existence was one conticommunicative; both were of an acute pene nued scene of bustle and exertion to procure the tration, and thoroughly acquainted with the necessaries of life; that the same envyings, the world. The vicar was a consummate scholar, same complaints of mutual wrongs, and the and his lady possessed all the knowledge, and same spirit of cabal and intrigue existed in this was adorned with all the virtues suitable to her small village as in places where the most im.

In their society, the newly arrived family portant affairs are debated, and the fate of emfound that they had made a valuable acqui- pires determined. In observing the manners of sition.

this sequestered spot, they found among its inThe vicar, who was as good a judge of men habi!ants a particulır agreement and uniformity as of books, soon discovered the strangers to be of taste in delighting to hear and relate the vices persons of no ordinary rank. He found them and follies of their neighbours. The first good. desirous of information, and made them ac natured gossip with whom they fell into converquainted with the circumstances of the village sation, favoured them with an account of the and its adjacent neighbourhood, the qualities of scandalous register of the place, from the earliest its soil, its productions, the employments, man period of her remembrance; and added, by way ners, and modes of life of the inhabitants; topics of appendix, what she had heard from her grandof conversation which, to the Clairvilles, were en mother, and other good old women of former tirely new. They were delighted with his dis days. These tales of scandal were sometimes in. course,and also with the lively and sensible remarks lerrupted by animadversions on the bad manageof his wife; but from the picture of village society ment of their neighbours in their farms or their which they drew, the young Monsieur and Ma dairies, and on the niggardly parsimony or expen. demoiselle de Clairville scon found reasons to sive extravagance of their housekeeping. The suspect that they should be disappointed in their men informed them how well some of their neighexpectation of contemplating, in this place, those bours might hase lived, and what money they scenes of happiness with which their fancy had might have acquired by a proper manner of culbeen so amused. They could not avoid perceiy tivating their farms, and by a strict attention to ing that the picture, drawn by the vicar, was their business; and the women told them what very different from that which fancy had deli a great quantity of butter several housewives of neated; and their own experience alone was to the village might send to market every week, if determine whether the poets or the observer had they knew how to manage their dairies. In jocurred the mistake.

fine, they perceived that there was some flaw in Their plain and simple style of life soon

the cha

ter, the conduct, the economy, or brought them into an intimate familiarity with housewifery of every one except the person who the farmers, and even with the labourers, with was actually favouring-them with the important whom they daily mixed in conversation. To information, the houses of the farmers they made frequent One evening, as they were conversing by the visits, and in all of them heard the same com fire-side in their liitle cottage, M. de Clairville plaints of their high rents, their great disburse asked them what they thought of rural happiments in wages to servants and labourers, their ness? “Indeed,” said the young man, “I think own laborious exertions, in order to lessen, as the specimen we have here found, neither exhi. much as possible, those enormous expences, and bits a very pleasing picture, nor affords any flatthe inipossibility of saving any thing to portion tering expectation. I hear nothing but mutual their daughters, or settle thei

complaints, and reciprocal censure; nothing prehouse they found nothing but hurry and bustle, sents any spectacle of happiness or censure; but intermixed with anxious solicitude for the ad I cannot suppose this every where the case; we vancement of their business; and heard little must have made a wrong choice of a situation.” else than complaints aguinst the unkindness of “It appears to me,” added Mademoiselle, “ that their neighbours, or narratives of the careless the inhabitants of this village labour under some Diess or idleness of their servants, When they particular disadvantag:s, and feel the pressure discoursed with the servants or labourers, they of some circumstances peculiarly unfavourable, were constantly entertained with an account of which sour their temper and render them quethe niggardliness or ill nature of their masters rulous, censorious, and discontented. I do not,


In every

therefore, despair of finding a place where things tent of information, no higher intellectual attainwill have a different aspect."

ments, than in the society they had lately quitted. M. de Clairville made no comment on their | The principal part of the conversation generally suppositions. Being desirous that their own ob consisted in censorious strictures, and invidious servations alone should produce conviction, he remarks on the conduci and pecuniary circumwas unwilling to anticipate experience, and told stances of their neighbours. One very commu• them, as their expectations had here been disap- nicative person informed them, that a neighpointed, he should propose to look out for some bour's daughter had been guilty of an indiscrenew abode, where they might be more fortunate. tion some years ago; and another related, that The young people were delighted with the pro- such a one's daughter got married a while since, posal; and the necessary arrangements for car but that her father, notwithstanding his highi rying it into effect being speedily made, they re- looks, and the gay appearance of his family, parted from a place which had so greatly disap- || could give her only a very small portion; and pointed their expectations, leaving the whole that another respectable woman was to have been neighbourhood lost in conjecture. Some ima married not long ago, and would have met with ginud that urgent business had called them away; a very good match, but when it came to a point, while others supposed that they had come, at

her father “ could not raise the wind.” The the first, to conceal themselves from the pursuit most disiinguishable difference in moral ideas, of creditors, and that their abode having been dis to be observed between their present and fornier covered, they had made a precipitate retreat to situation, was, that here a greater degree of inescape an arrest.

solent pride seemed attached to the possession of After some days spent in erratic travelling, the money, and a more visible contempt manifested Clairvilles arrived at last in a village where was a towards those who were destitute of that useful commodious house to be lett. Pleased with its commodity. situation, which appeared, in every respect, an As in the village where they had before reswerable to their views, they resolved to take it. | sided, so likewise in their present place of abode, The houses were considerably better in this vil the scandalous chronicle furnished an inexhaustlage than in that they had quilted; and although ible fund of consolation ; and the good-natured the one, in which they had fixed themselves, was gossips were extremely careful that the strangers not the largest or best residence in the place, it should not long remain ignorant of its contents. was very convenient, tolerably genteel, and sufi Its ample page was unfolded; the follies and ciently large-for so small a family. There they || misconduet of the preceding, as well as the prebegan to live in a plain, but yet somewhat more seni generation, was brought upon the carpet, elegant style than they had hitherto done, which and detailed with the most circumstantial accuappeared necessary to their design, as they ob racy. They were soon favoured with an exact served a greater air of opulence here than in the account of all the children that had been born beplace where they had last resided. They did nor, || fore, or too soon after marriage; of all the females however, find the minds of the inhabitants more who had, in their former days, deviated from the cultivated, nor their manners more refined, ex. path of virtue; and of all those who had been cept in some ceremonious punctilios, by which a lightly talked of. These anecdotes of human few individuals, who wished to set themselves up frailty were repeated in almost every visit, and for persons of more than ordinary consequence, || in almost every conversation. Each communiendeavoured to appear polite.

cative companion related all the instances of In a short time the Clairvilles received and re female frailty which had come to her knowledge, turned the visits of the most considerable persons with the sole exception of her own; and as this of the village. The pleasure of those visits had | deficiency was commonly supplied by the inforbeen anticipated, with rapture, by the young || mation of the next friendly visitor, the history Monsieur and Mademoiselle de Clairville, who was soon rendered complete. Every ofticious inhad expected greater elegance of discourse, and former, however, took care to demonstrate her more extensive information, among those refined aversion to scandal, by declaring, that villagers, than they had met with among the would not, on any account, have her name homely rustics of their late residence. Here, brought into question, as all the world knew bowever, they again experienced the mortifica she was not one who liked to vility her neightion of disappointinent; and were astonished to bours." food no greater elevation of ideas, no greater ex

(To be continued.]

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